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Auction Information

Fall Historical Militaria & Autographs Auction

Wed Dec 08 - 10:00AM


See Catalog, Chesapeake City, MD Click to Map


Alexander Historical Auctions LLC

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Phone: 203.276.1570

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Lot: 792 - GEN DWIGHT D. EISENHOWER'S 'TWO STAR' WARTIME SADDLE

GEN DWIGHT D. EISENHOWER'S 'TWO STAR' WARTIME SADDLE An extraordinary wartime relic, the leather horse saddle owned and used by General Dwight D. Eisenhower during World War II and bearing two general's star affixed to the rear of the saddle. The brown leather saddle measure 18.5 inches from front to back and about 12 inches wide. All straps appear to be present and operable, including the girth, with the leather still remaining supple. The outside rear of the cantle bears two silver five-pointed stars sturdily attached. Stitching to one side of the saddle flap trim has sprung but could be easily repaired. The saddle is embossed 'U.S. J.Q.M.D. 1942 J.B.' indicating that this saddle was of U.S. issue from the Jefferson, Indiana Quartermaster Depot. A metal tag attached elsewhere on the saddle indicates that it was repaired at the same depot on July 20, 1942, and indeed a patch repair has been done on a hidden, worn surface of the saddle. This saddle exactly matches one of those issued by the Jefferson Quartermaster Depot at that time. Also present is a more recent blue saddle blanket with yellow trim, original cavalry colors of the U.S. Army. The saddle and blanket are accompanied by a copy of a Oct. 29, 2021 letter of provenance from Gettysburg resident Kenneth A. Brame. In his letter (and confirmed by Gettysburg residents), Brame worked for the Eisenhowers at their Gettysburg farm from 1965 to 1970, and was bequeathed the saddle by Mamie Eisenhower. Brame had met Ike as the ex-president would visit a local Stuckey's, managed by Brame's parents, every day for his morning coffee. The saddle was sold by Yingling's Auction Service of Gettysburg on October 29, 2021 and a copy of their flyer for the sale is included. Eisenhower would have used this saddle during the war years, as his 'two-star' major general's ranking spanned the period March 27 to July 7, 1942. This was a crucial period in Eisenhower's military career, as he traveled twice to London to assess the competency of the theater command there. Interestingly, the brass stirrups attached to the saddle are both...made in England. Eisenhower was a long-time horse lover, and devoted six pages of his memoirs to his 'Blackie' - more than he did to any other individual. He believed that working with animals could teach leadership skills important to army officers. He stated in his memoir that 'in teaching skills, in developing self-confidence, the same sort of patience and kindness is needed with horses as with people.'

Lot: 793 - GENERAL ANTHONY C. McAULIFFE'S ONE-STAR OVERSEAS CAP AND AIRBORNE GLIDER PATCH

GENERAL ANTHONY C. McAULIFFE'S ONE-STAR OVERSEAS CAP AND AIRBORNE GLIDER PATCH ANTHONY C. MCAULIFFE (1898 - 1975) American Army general of the 101st Airborne who held Bastogne during the Battle of the Bulge, remembered for his reply to a German surrender ultimatum: 'Nuts!' A superb McAuliffe uniform piece, his American brigadier general's garrison cap (also know as the ‘overseas cap'), with the appropriate officer's gold metal piping at top edge of the side flaps. The cap is fitted with an interior leather sweatband which is gilt-stamped with the initials 'A M'. The lining of the cap also is also faintly stamped with the number '8501'. A finely-detailed single star metal rank insignia produced by N.S. Meyer Inc. is affixed to the cap. It has an unusual style catch on the reverse, normally seen with devices and badges made in England. The star insignia is also marked 'Shold-R-Form' indicating this piece was manufactured and intended as a shoulder rank device. A separate period embroidered white on red officer's Airborne Glider patch is also included. The cap and the patch, found tucked within it, when sold together at auction. Provenance: Estate of General Anthony McAuliffe, thereafter in the holdings of a private collector.

Lot: 794 - WALTHER PP PISTOL BELONGING TO AUSCHWITZ COMMANDANT RUDOLF HOESS

WALTHER PP PISTOL BELONGING TO AUSCHWITZ COMMANDANT RUDOLF HOESS RUDOLF HOESS (1901-1947) German SS officer convicted and executed for war crimes. Hoess was the longest-serving commandant of Auschwitz concentration and extermination camp (from 4 May 1940 to November 1943, and again from 8 May 1944 to 18 January 1945). He tested and implemented means to mass-exterminate prisoners, including the

Lot: 795 - REINHARD HEYDRICH SILVER ENGRAVED FORMAL SERVING PLATTER

REINHARD HEYDRICH SILVER ENGRAVED FORMAL SERVING PLATTER REINHARD HEYDRICH (1904-1942). 'The Hangman', Nazi head of the dreaded SS and architect of the 'Final Solution', his assassination in Prague caused severe reprisal actions, including the destruction of Lidice and the murder of many of its inhabitants. A great rarity, a large silver-plated serving platter from the formal tableware set of Nazi strongman, Reinhard Heydrich. The platter measures 21 inches wide, 14 inches tall, and about 1.25 inches deep, with a simple roll-shaped edge. Heydrich's distinctive monogram is period-engraved along one edge, about 2 x 1.25 in., depicting a national eagle with swastika which is flanked by his stylized initials 'R H' The bottom of the platter bears the hallmark of noted Saxon silversmiths 'Wellner', along with a '25' purity stamp. The tray has not been cleaned and remains heavily tarnished as found, but for the hallmark which was lightly cleaned to better reveal the maker. No visible damage but for a few surface scratches in the well from use. Heydrich's tableware is excessively rare, with authentic example including only a few dinner appearing only very rarely over the past decade.

Lot: 796 - A COPY OF 'MEIN KAMPF' FROM HITLER'S LIBRARY

A COPY OF 'MEIN KAMPF' FROM HITLER'S LIBRARY A rare edition of Adolf Hitler's political treatise 'Mein Kampf', originating from his library and bearing his personal bookplate. The book was published in Munich in 1937 by Franz Eher Verlag, 782pp. 8vo. It is bound in pebbled red leather and bears an gold embossed national eagle with swastika on the front cover. The spine bears six raised red hubs and a golf embossed title. There are a few trivial dark spots to the front cover,otherwise in excellent condition. The front pastedown bears Hitler's personal 'Ex Libris Adolf Hitler' bookplate. The front flyleaf bears the owner's name and address, apparently one 'Werner Dobbelei'. Whether the recipient was gifted the book by Hitler or chanced upon it later is unknown. This version of 'Mein Kampf' is unknown to us, though it shows no signs of being a rebound copy. The endpapers and pastedowns are all lightly toned, and the leather covers show wear commensurate with age. It is possible that Hitler commissioned a small number of these books as gifts, or that one or more copies were presented to him on some occasion. Especially rare.

Lot: 797 - ADOLF HITLER'S LINEN MONOGRAM HANDKERCHIEF

A monogrammed white linen handkerchief once owned by Adolf Hitler. The 17 x 16.5 in. handkerchief has a simple border and bears his embroidered initials 'A.H.' at one corner. In as-new condition. Accompanied by a notarized letter of provenance directly from our consignor. In the letter, he explains that he is the grandson of the previous owners of the Parkhotel Graz (Austria) where Hitler stayed April 3-4, 1938 while traveling through the country, and that these items were left behind in his suite. The prestigious and ultra-luxurious hotel remains in the hands of his family to this day.

Lot: 798 - ADOLF HITLER 12 PIECE DEMITASSE SPOON SET WITH BOX

ADOLF HITLER 12 PIECE DEMITASSE SPOON SET WITH BOX A superb, boxed set of twelve sterling silver demitasse spoons once owned by Adolf Hitler and likely used at one of his residences, most likely his Berlin apartment. The spoons are each 4.25 in. long and engraved on the handles with Hitler's informal curved 'AH' monogram. The reverse of each is stamped 'AWS Wellner Silber' followed by a 'crescent and crown' proof mark. All are tarnished, yet otherwise in fine condition. The spoons are contained within an original 10.25 x 5.25 box marked by silver dealer Heinrich Braun of Mannheim. The placement, quality, and style of the engraving is identical to authentic examples offered by us and dealers over the past thirty years. Purchased by a private collector forty years ago from a veteran's spouse.

Lot: 799 - ADOLF HITLER CRYSTAL CHAMPAGNE GLASS

An exquisite cut crystal champagne class from a formal set of table crystal owned and used by Adolf Hitler. The 8 inch tall flute bears a large 1 3/8 inch tall, intricate and brilliantly executed German national eagle with swastika, the bottom of which is flanked by Hitler's initials 'A H'. The stem of the glass bears is notched, and the base bears the hallmark of the maker, a 'J H' in an oval, surmounted by a crown. Both the top and the bottom rims of the glass are trimmed in gold. In essentially new, untouched condition.

Lot: 800 - ADOLF HITLER CRYSTAL CHAMPAGNE FLUTE INFORMAL PATTERN

ADOLF HITLER CRYSTAL CHAMPAGNE FLUTE INFORMAL PATTERN A rare Hitler relic, a cut crystal champagne glass from Adolf Hitler's personal set of informal glassware, recovered by an Allied soldier. The glass measures 8 in. tall, 2 in. across at the top, and 2.75 in. across at the base. It bears Hitler's 'A H' monogram with a national eagle engraved and gilded at top. The body of the glass, stem, and base are all intricately patterned. No marks or cracks apparent. Gilding of monogram slightly faded, yet overall very good.

Lot: 801 - ADOLF HITLER CRYSTAL COCKTAIL GLASS

ADOLF HITLER CRYSTAL COCKTAIL GLASS A rare Hitler relic, a crystal cocktail glass from Adolf Hitler's personal set of informal glassware, likely taken as booty by an Allied soldier. The glass measures 5 in. tall, 3.5 in. across at the top, and 3 in. across at the base. It bears Hitler's 'A H' monogram with a national eagle engraved and gilded at top. The stem of the glass features a cut pattern. Gilding of monogram is slightly faded, yet otherwise no marks or cracks present.

Lot: 802 - ADOLF HITLER GLASS PITCHER FROM THE KEHLSTEINHAUS

ADOLF HITLER GLASS PITCHER FROM THE KEHLSTEINHAUS A very rare Hitler relic, a large crystal pitcher from a set of Hitler's glassware attributed to the Kehlsteinhaus ('The Eagle's Nest'). The pitcher is 7.5 in. tall, 4.5 in. across at the top, and 4 in across at the base. It bears a monogram of his initials 'A H' on one side while the other is engraved with an Edelweiss. No marks or cracks present. The Kehlsteinhaus is a small building situated several miles above the Berhgof, Hitler's summer home. It was used exclusively by members of the Nazi Party for government and social meetings, often for entertaining important guests. Fine condition. From the personal collection of Christopher Devine, a now-deceased 40+ year collector

Lot: 803 - ADOLF HITLER CRYSTAL GLASS FROM THE KEHLSTEINHAUS

ADOLF HITLER CRYSTAL GLASS FROM THE KEHLSTEINHAUS A very rare Hitler relic, a crystal drinking glass from a set of Hitler's set of glassware attributed to the Kehlsteinhaus ('The Eagle's Nest'). The glass is 8 in. tall, 2.75 in. across at the top and base. It bears a monogram of his initials 'A H' on one side while the other is engraved with an Edelweiss. No marks or cracks present. The Kehlsteinhaus is a small building situated several miles above the Berhgof, Hitler's summer home. It was used exclusively by members of the Nazi Party for government and social meetings, often for entertaining important guests. Fine condition. From the personal collection of Christopher Devine, a now-deceased 40+ year collector.

Lot: 804 - ADOLF HITLER FORMAL TABLE NAPKIN RING

ADOLF HITLER FORMAL TABLE NAPKIN RING Fine original formal silver napkin ring from Adolf Hitler's personal formal silverware set, 1 3/4 in. tall, 1 1/2 in. diameter, bearing a large embossed Nazi eagle and swastika device, the swastika flanked by Hitler's initials 'A H' at bottom. On the opposite side the rings bear the hallmarks of silversmiths Bruckmann. Some light tarnishing, else fine condition. The Bruckmann 'formal pattern' of silver flatware and tableware was made as a 50th birthday present to Hitler from Albert Speer. There are believed to be six complete sets of 500 pieces, or possibly five sets of 600 pieces, and they were distributed among the places Hitler frequented the most: the 'Berghof' (Hitler's mountain home); 'Der Adlerhorst' (the Eagle's Nest); the 'Gasthaus' (Guest House) at Obersalzberg: the 'Braune Haus' (the 'Brown House'); the 'Prinzregentenplaz' apartment in Munich; and the 'Reichskanzlei' in Berlin.

Lot: 805 - ADOLF HITLER SILVER BREAD BOWL FORMAL PATTERN

ADOLF HITLER SILVER BREAD BOWL FORMAL PATTERN Early Adolf Hitler sterling silver bread bowl, 12.5 x 8 in., fluted edges with his formal pattern 'A H' with national eagle and static swastika period-engraved at the center of the basket. This rather simple piece does not bear the familiar Wellner or Bruchmann hallmarks, but instead a rampant lion with the obligatory German state marks and a '830S' purity stamp on the underside of the rim. We believe that this piece was either a one-off piece purchased as no similar items were available from Hitler's preferred silversmiths, or more likely this bread bowl was gifted to Hitler early on. A veteran bring-back, from a Minnesota collection untouched for forty years. Regrettably not 'papered'.

Lot: 806 - ADOLF HITLER SILVER FISH KNIFE

ADOLF HITLER SILVER FISH KNIFE A fine World War II relic, a large sterling silver fish knife from a cutlery set owned and used by Adolf Hitler. The 8.25 in. knife bears Hitler's informal 'AH' monogram on the handle and is stamped on the reverse with silversmith 'Wellner' hallmarks and a '90' purity stamp. Light spots of discoloration, else fine. The placement, quality, and style of the engraving is identical to authentic examples offered by us and dealers over the past thirty years. Purchased by a private collector forty years ago from a veteran's spouse.

Lot: 807 - ADOLF HITLER TABLE SETTING FORK

ADOLF HITLER TABLE SETTING FORK A small sterling silver setting fork from a cutlery set owned and used by Adolf Hitler. The 5.75 in. fork bears Hitler's informal curved 'AH' monogram within a patterned border, while the reverse is stamped 'AWS Wellner Silber' with a 'crescent and crown' proof mark. Very light tarnishing, else fine condition. The placement, quality, and style of the engraving is identical to authentic examples offered by us and dealers over the past thirty years. Purchased by a private collector forty years ago from a veteran's spouse.

Lot: 808 - ADOLF HITLER INFORMAL PATTERN FORK

ADOLF HITLER INFORMAL PATTERN FORK A small sterling silver setting fork from a cutlery set owned and used by Adolf Hitler. The 5.75 in. fork bears Hitler's informal curved 'AH' monogram within a patterned border, while the reverse is stamped 'AWS Wellner Silber' with a 'crescent and crown' proof mark. Very light tarnishing, else fine condition. The placement, quality, and style of the engraving is identical to authentic examples offered by us and dealers over the past thirty years. Purchased by a private collector forty years ago from a veteran's spouse.

Lot: 809 - ADOLF HITLER DINNER KNIFE

ADOLF HITLER DINNER KNIFE A sterling silver-handled dinner knife from a cutlery set owned and used by Adolf Hitler. The 9.75 in. knife bears Hitler's informal curved 'AH' monogram on the handle and is stamped on the blade by silversmith 'AWS Wellner' and 'Rostfrei' [stainless steel]. Light tarnish, else fine condition. The placement, quality, and style of the engraving is identical to authentic examples offered by us and dealers over the past thirty years. Purchased by a private collector forty years ago from a veteran's spouse.

Lot: 810 - ADOLF HITLER PASTRY SERVER

ADOLF HITLER PASTRY SERVER A small, silver plated pastry serving utensil, consisting of a flat 4.25 x 2.5 in. body and a 1 in. curved handle the end. The flat portion of the server is engraved with a simple flower while the top is engraved with Hitler's informal curved monogram 'A H.' On its reverse, the server is stamped 'Wellner 90' and a 'crescent and crown' proof mark. Light tarnishing, else fine. The placement, quality, and style of the engraving is identical to authentic examples offered by us and dealers over the past thirty years. Purchased by a private collector forty years ago from a veteran's spouse.

Lot: 811 - ADOLF HITLER PRESENTATION LITHOGRAPH

ADOLF HITLER PRESENTATION LITHOGRAPH A period lithograph of an oil painting by Italian artist Cesare Bacchi (1881-1971), 17.5 x 22 in. (sight), titled 'Franz Schubert,' it depicts an image of the famed Austrian composer Franz Schubert (1797-1828) sitting at a desk working on a symphony. In the top right appears an Italian inscription that reads 'Reproduction of the oil painting done by Cesare Bacchi', while at the bottom the piece is inscribed by the artist: 'To Fuhrer Adolf Hitler, cultivator of the genius of Cesare, office of Cesare Bacchi, 1937 XV EF.' Hitler was a well-known patron of ethnic German arts, as well as a pianist of some talent, and likely held Franz Schubert in a very high regard. Framed. Fine condition. Bacchi was one of the leading portraitists in Europe during the first half of the twentieth century. He painted notably the King of Italy, Vittorio Emmanuele III. Between 1910 and 1939 his paintings were exhibited at the Salon des Artistes Français in Paris, where he was awarded the Gold Medal in 1938 for his portrait of the poet Paul Verlaine.

Lot: 812 - ADOLF HITLER BOOKPLATE

ADOLF HITLER BOOKPLATE An original and authentic unused Adolf Hitler engraved bookplate, 3.5 x 4 in., absolutely authentic with raised print and not one of the cheap printed copies commonly offered.

Lot: 813 - EVA BRAUN'S SLIP

A very personal Eva Braun relic, her pink elastic rayon sleeveless slip, embroidered with a rose motif at the chest. The vertical inner seam bears the label of French brand 'Neerlandia', beneath a small tag giving the size '44'. Braun's initials 'E B' are embroidered in pink and brown thread inside the rear collar, beside another size tag. Shows a few spots of minor soiling, else very good. Our consignor, a 40+ year dealer/collector, purchased this item and other personal possessions belonging to Braun approximately thirty years ago from an ex-O.S.S. agent Eugene Frankenfeld. Included with the slip is a copy of Frankenfield's original letter of provenance, dated April 14, 1976, indicating that he became Commanding Intelligence Officer for District Greater Salzburg in May of 1945, and confiscated luggage deposited by Braun and her family from a hotel in a small town outside of Salzburg. He lists the items he recovered, specifically mentioning '...1 box lot of Eva Braun dresses, undergarments, coat, scarves, hats...', among many other personal relics.

Lot: 814 - GRETL BRAUN'S 'THE LAMP OF THE FOOLISH VIRGIN', TAKEN FROM THE BERGHOF

An excessively rare relic, Gretl Braun's signed and inscribed copy of 'Die Lampe der torichten Jungfrau' ('The Lamp of the Foolish Virgin') by PETER DORFLER, taken from the ruins of Hitler's home in Berchtesgaden by an American captor. The book is published in Berlin by G. Grote'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, 1940. 392pp. 8vo. The front flyleaf bears an untranslated inscription and signature from the author, hand-dated August 31, 1943. Beneath this is Braun's affixed 'ex libris' bookplate. The following page bears an annotation from the book's captor, indicating it was taken from the ruins of 'Hitler's home, near Berchtesgaden, 30 May 1945'. Expected wear given its origin, yet entirely presentable. Dorfler, an early ally of Hitler and the Nazi Party, was one of the 88 German writers who signed the pledge of loyal allegiance to Adolf Hitler in 1933, and after the removal of 40 non-Aryan writers of the Prussian Academy of the Arts, he was quickly permitted to take one of the vacancies. He later came into conflict with the Third Reich and was banned from writing and publishing. Gretl herself was a member of the inner social circle of Adolf Hitler at the Berghof, and spent much time with Eva, where she enlivened the formal atmosphere by having fun, smoking, and flirting with the orderlies. She later married SS-Gruppenführer Hermann Fegelein, a liaison officer on Hitler's staff, on 3 June 1944.

Lot: 815 - FRITZ SAUCKEL'S 'SHIELD OF WEIMAR'

FRITZ SAUCKEL'S 'SHIELD OF WEIMAR' FRITZ SAUCKEL (1894 - 1946) Nazi chief of slave labor recruitment who seized over five million workers and kept them under the vilest condition. Tried, convicted and hanged at Nuremberg. An incredible, unique item, a small gold pin from a sixth century German grave, the pin's design used by Sauckel as the official shield of the City of Weimar. The shield, 1 in. diameter, is in the shape of a red swastika formed by four eagle heads bordered in gold with a white wheel at center. On August 28, 1938, Sauckel as Gauleiter of Thuringia authorized the change of Weimar's coat of arms to a new shield bearing this design. He claimed that 'through it, again comes to life a very old and most beautiful mark of High German art and culture from the 6th century, which has been found in the soil of Weimar...' An accompanying document bears a statement from the Urgeschichtliches Museum Curator in Weimar that reads in part: '...The original of this shield which now reposes in vault of Gauleiter Sauckel was found in an ancient grave of a female buried in Weimar which from appearance, markings dress, etc., depicted 6th Century culture. This piece of art was in the form of a small brooch...the back part of the brooch was gold, from two to three millimeters in thickness, hand wrought, and encasing four reddish semi-precious stones...' This very pin, offered here, is affixed to the remnants of an extremely worn display case, now in multiple pieces, with 'Weimar' on the cover in gilded letters. Accompanied by a large stiff leather document folder bearing the same shield on the front. From a collection of Sauckel related items consigned to us by the estate of a four-star American general who participated in the liberation of Germany. A most important relic!

Lot: 816 - FRITZ SAUCKEL WEIMAR 'EHRENBURGER' DOCUMENT

FRITZ SAUCKEL WEIMAR 'EHRENBURGER' DOCUMENT FRITZ SAUCKEL (1894-1946) Nazi chief of slave labor recruitment who seized over five million workers and kept them under the vilest condition. Tried, convicted and hanged at Nuremberg. A beautifully decorated vellum document with intricate German calligraphy, 1p. 17.5 x 15 in., Weimar, August 26, 1933, issued by the Mayor and City Council of Weimar officially naming Sauckel an 'Ehrenburger' ('Honorary Citizen'). Mostly untranslated but in small part it reads: '...[This document] is supposed to be a sign of the city's connection with a man, who in never ending work and struggle, has joined the country of Thuringa, and unanimously behind the peoples chancellor and leader Adolf Hitler, he serves as a sign of appreciation of the leader and freedom movement...' At the conclusion are facsimile signatures of the mayor and police chief of Weimar. Decorated with patterned borders of red and white with the margins intricately laced on all sides. Housed within a 15.75 x 4.75 red and black leather document case. Around the center, in between gilded patterns, are the words 'Ehrenburgerbrief Der Stadt Weimar' ('Letter of Honor from the City of Weimar'). The bottom of the case is stamped the maker 'Ordorfer Weimar', while the top bears a depiction of the Weimar coat of arms. Moderate wear and few chips to the case, the document is very fine. Also accompanying the document is a presentation medallion, roughly 2.5 in. diameter, in the shape of a gold swastika, also awarded to Sauckel by the city of Weimar, housed within an original case. From a collection of Sauckel-related items consigned to us by the estate of a four-star American general who participated in the liberation of Germany.

Lot: 817 - CANDELABRA PRESENTED TO FRITZ SAUCKEL

CANDELABRA PRESENTED TO FRITZ SAUCKEL FRITZ SAUCKEL (1894-1946) Nazi chief of slave labor recruitment who seized over five million workers and kept them under the vilest condition. Tried, convicted and hanged at Nuremberg. A fine three-stemmed candelabra constructed of 'alpaca' as marked on the bottom, roughly 11. 25 x 12 in., with a 5.75 in. base. The stems are bear intricate patterns which meet at the center, and unidentified proof marks are present. On the base inscribed in German appears the presentation: 'On the Gauleiter's day of honor, September 26, 1937, From the leader of the NSKK Motor brigade Thuringa.' Light tarnishing throughout, and wax residue on the stems from use, else very good. From a collection of Sauckel related items consigned to us by the estate of a four-star American general who participated in the liberation of Germany.

Lot: 818 - FRITZ SAUCKEL 'EHRENBURGER' DOCUMENT

FRITZ SAUCKEL 'EHRENBURGER' DOCUMENT FRITZ SAUCKEL (1894 - 1946) Nazi chief of slave labor recruitment who seized over five million workers and kept them under the vilest condition. Tried, convicted and hanged at Nuremberg. A finely decorated vellum document with intricate and colored Germany calligraphy, 1p. approx. 14 x 18 in., Steinbach-Hallenberg, March 30, 1933, issued by the council members of Steinbach-Hallenburg naming Sauckel an 'Eherenburger' ('Honorary citizen') of the community. It reads in full: 'OUR PARTY LEADER FRITZ SAUCKEL THÜRINGEN'S STREITER [Thuringia's Fighter] WHO TOGETHER WITH THE SONS OF OUR COMMUNITY MAINTAINED THE TRUEST COMRADERY IN ARMS THÜRINGEN'S MAHNER [Thuringia's Admonisher] WHO DID NOT HOLD HIMSELF IN ESTEEM BUT WHO HONORED HIS COUNTRY ABOVE ALL ELSE THÜRINGEN'S RUFER [Thruringia's Crier] WHO AWAKENED THE NATIONAL SOCIALISTIC IDEA OF ADOLF HITLER IN OUR FOREST COMMUNITY THÜRINGEN'S KUENDER Thuringia's Announcer] AND THEREWITH A NEW TIME AND A NEW GERMAN PEOPLE: WE NOMINATE HIM TO AN HONORARY CITIZEN OF THE COMMUNITY STEINBACH-HALLENBERG BY ISSUE OF THIS CERTIFICATE DATED MARCH 30, 1933' Attached to the document is a metal hanger that features the Thuringia coat of arms. Moderately toned with a few scattered stains. Housed within a metal tube, roughly 15 x 2 in., engraved with the words 'Dem Reichsstatthalter' and mythic imagery of men riding horses. The tube is moderately oxidized obscuring some engravings. From a collection of Sauckel related items consigned to us by the estate of a four-star American general who participated in the liberation of Germany. Sauckel had a long history in Thuringia. He studied engineering at a technical school in there from 1922 to 1923 but was expelled for his political activities. Following the Nazi putsch, he founded an SA front organization in Thuringia, and in 1925 became Business Manager for Gau Thuringia under Gauleiter Artur Dinter. Sauckel succeeded Dinter as Gauleiter on 30 September 1927 and would retain this position until the end of the Nazi regime.

Lot: 819 - FRITZ SAUCKEL'S 'GUSLOFF-WERKE' SHIELDS

FRITZ SAUCKEL'S 'GUSLOFF-WERKE' SHIELDS A fascinating and great association decorated document, 1p. 35 x 17 in. (opened), Thuringia, October 27, 1942, dedicated to the Gauleiter of Thuringia Fritz Sauckel (1894-1946) by officials of the 'Wilhelm Gustloff Stiftung' ('Wilhelm Gustloff Foundation'). This foundation was set up by the Nazis when they rose to power in 1933 and was funded almost entirely by money and property confiscated from German Jews. It ran various 'Gustloff Werke' ('Gustloff Factories') which were often groups of business formerly ran by Jews, which manufactured munitions and other materials for the war effort. The document features the names and hand painted shields of eleven cities where Gustloff Factories were located, including Weimar, Suhl, Meiningen, Schmiedefeld, Greiz, Kirtenberg, Kottingbrunn, Lichtenworth, Meuselwitz, and Berlin. At the bottom left of the document is the dedication which reads in part: '...The coat of arms of cities and municipalities in which Gustloff-Werke have production facilities...to the Gauleiter and Reichsstatthalter Fritz Sauckel...October 27, 1942…' Sauckel was convicted by the International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg for the role he played as head of the 'Arbeitseinsatz', a system of forced labor used to meet industrial demands in Nazi Germany. The factories at the locations mentioned in the document were likely staffed by such slave laborers. Housed within a hardcover leather document holder that bears the words 'Gustloff Werke' on the front in gilded letters, along with an eagle. Document lightly toned and case is moderately worn, yet overall good condition. From a collection of Sauckel related items consigned to us by the estate of a four-star American general who participated in the liberation of Germany.

Lot: 820 - FRITZ SAUCKEL CUTLERY SET

FRITZ SAUCKEL CUTLERY SET A rare set of silver-plated cutlery once owned by the Gauleiter of Thuringia, Fritz Sauckel, varying sizes, comprised of two knives, four forks, and four spoons. Each piece bears a 'Thuringia eagle' in relief with one wing outstretched and a swastika on the handle. The reverse of each is stamped with the maker's mark 'Bruckmann' and a purity stamp of '90', with the exception of the knives which are purity stamped on the handle and have varying hallmarks. Some tarnished, but overall good. This pattern is illustrated in Yannes' comprehensive 'The Collector's Guide to Third Reich Tableware'. Ten items. FRITZ SAUCKEL (1894-1946) was the Nazi chief of slave labor recruitment who seized over five million workers and kept them under the vilest conditions. He was tried, convicted and hanged at Nuremberg.

Lot: 821 - FRITZ SAUCKEL CUTLERY SET

FRITZ SAUCKEL CUTLERY SET A rare set of silver-plated cutlery once owned by the Gauleiter of Thuringia, Fritz Sauckel, varying sizes, comprised a knife, three forks, and two spoons. Each piece bears a 'Thuringia eagle' in relief with one wing outstretched and a swastika on the handle. The reverse of each is stamped with the maker's mark 'Bruckmann' and a purity stamp of '90', with the exception of the knifewhich has purity stamped on the handle and a 'Night Rostend' hallmark. Some tarnished, but overall good. This pattern is illustrated in Yannes' comprehensive 'The Collector's Guide to Third Reich Tableware'. SIx items. FRITZ SAUCKEL (1894-1946) was the Nazi chief of slave labor recruitment who seized over five million workers and kept them under the vilest conditions. He was tried, convicted and hanged at Nuremberg.

Lot: 822 - FRITZ SAUCKEL CUTLERY SET

FRITZ SAUCKEL CUTLERY SET A rare set of silver-plated cutlery once owned by the Gauleiter of Thuringia, Fritz Sauckel (1894 - 1946), varying sizes, comprised a knife, two forks, and two spoons. Each piece bears a 'Thuringia eagle' in relief with one wing outstretched and a swastika on the handle. The reverse of each is stamped with the maker's mark 'Bruckmann' and a purity stamp of '90', with the exception of the knife which has purity stamped on the handle and a 'Night Rostend' hallmark. Some tarnished, but overall good. This pattern is illustrated in Yannes' comprehensive 'The Collector's Guide to Third Reich Tableware'. Five items. FRITZ SAUCKEL (1894-1946) was the Nazi chief of slave labor recruitment who seized over five million workers and kept them under the vilest conditions. He was tried, convicted and hanged at Nuremberg.

Lot: 823 - FRITZ SAUCKEL SERVING FORK

FRITZ SAUCKEL SERVING FORK A large, silver-plated serving fork once owned by the Gauleiter of Thuringia, Fritz Sauckel (1894 - 1946), 10 in. long, bear inga 'Thuringia eagle' in relief with one wing outstretched and a swastika on the handle. The reverse is stamped with the maker's mark 'Bruckmann' and a purity stamp of '90.' Lightly tarnished else very fine.

Lot: 824 - FRITZ SAUCKEL SERVING SPOON

FRITZ SAUCKEL SERVING SPOON A large, silver-plated serving spoon once owned by the Gauleiter of Thuringia, Fritz Sauckel (1894 - 1946), 10 in. long, bear inga 'Thuringia eagle' in relief with one wing outstretched and a swastika on the handle. The reverse is stamped with the maker's mark 'Bruckmann' and a purity stamp of '90.' Lightly tarnished else very fine.

Lot: 825 - GEN. CLARENCE R. HUEBNER'S 1ST INFANTRY DIVISION ASHTRAY

Small porcelain ashtray, 3.5 x 2.5 in., white with the emblem of the U.S. 1st Army Division at center, with green rim. The ashtray bears a Bavarian porcelain maker's stamp on bottom, as well as the marking: 'U.S. ZONE' indicating it was made in Germany shortly after war's end. This ashtray was owned and used by Gen. CLARENCE R. HUEBNER (1888-1972). Huebner was an American general who commanded the 1st Infantry Division, popularly known as the "Big Red One", in early August of 1943. He commanded the division during the D-Day landings on June 6, 1944, where it was the first force to face the Germans on Omaha Beach, and he joined his men on the beach the same day. The division was instrumental in the breakthrough following the battle for St. Lo and in foiling the German counteroffensive at Mortain. After the Allied breakout in Normandy, the division advanced rapidly, arriving at the German border in early October of 1944, where it was committed to battle at Aachen, which it captured after two weeks of heavy fighting. After experiencing heavy fighting once again in the Huertgen Forest, the division briefly rested but soon returned to counter the German offensive at the Battle of the Bulge in December, 1944. In January, 1945, Huebner was named commander of the V Corps, which he led in its advance to the Elbe river, where elements of the corps made the first contact with the Soviet Red Army.

Lot: 826 - GEN. CLARENCE R. HUEBNER'S HISTORY OF THE 1ST INFANTRY DIVISION

GEN. CLARENCE R. HUEBNER'S HISTORY OF THE 1ST INFANTRY DIVISION A fine association piece, a book presented to Gen. Clarence R. Huebner, commander of the 1st Infantry Division. The book is '1st Division Summary of Operations in the World War', prepared by the American Battle Monuments Committee (Washington: Government Printing Office), 1944. 120pp. 8vo. with five large terrain maps in a separate pocket. The sleeve containing the maps is inscriped to Huebner by an unknown 'good friend', 'Sept. 1945'. CLARENCE R. HUEBNER (1888-1972) was the American general who took command of the 1st Infantry Division, popularly known as the 'Big Red One', in early August of 1943. He had previously served in that division with distinction during World War I. He commanded the division during the D-Day landings on June 6, 1944, where it was the first force to face the Germans on Omaha Beach, and he joined his men on the beach the same day. The division was instrumental in the breakthrough following the battle for St. Lo. After the Allied breakout in Normandy, the division advanced rapidly, arriving at the German border in early October of 1944, where it was committed to battle at Aachen, which it captured after two weeks of heavy fighting. After experiencing heavy fighting once again in the Huertgen Forest, the division briefly rested but soon returned to counter the German offensive at the Battle of the Bulge in December, 1944.

Lot: 827 - GEN. DWIGHT D. EISENHOWER'S SOUVENIR EUROPEAN BANKNOTES

GEN. DWIGHT D. EISENHOWER'S SOUVENIR EUROPEAN BANKNOTES A wonderful grouping of European banknotes collected by Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower before and during his tenure as Supreme Commander, Allied Expeditionary Force in Europe. As is the custom with soldiers all over the world, Ike collected bills from the various countries he visited. Many soldiers had their friends sign these, making them 'short snorters' that could be taped together. The longest 'short snorter' in the bar would earn its owner free drinks. In Ike's case, such behavior would be frowned up, but he collected banknotes regardless. Included in this lot are eight bills from Germany, France and Belgium, all circulated, along with a ten franc piece of French post D-Day occupation currency. These notes are accompanied by a copy of a Oct. 29, 2021 letter of provenance from Gettysburg resident Kenneth A. Brame. In his letter (and confirmed by Gettysburg residents), Brame worked for the Eisenhowers at their Gettysburg farm from 1965 to 1970, and was bequeathed a variety of personal items by Mamie Eisenhower, including the late general's saddle. Brame had met Ike as the ex-president would visit a local Stuckey's, managed by Brame's parents, every day for his morning coffee. Eisenhower's saddle, these notes, photographs, and other Eisenhower family objects were sold by Brame at Yingling's Auction Service of Gettysburg on October 29, 2021 and a copy of their flyer for the sale is included.

Lot: 828 - HERMANN GORING ASPIC SPOON

HERMANN GORING ASPIC SPOON A fine aspic style silver plated spoon once owned by Luftwaffe commander Hermann Goring (1893-1946). The 7 in. spoon has a flat head with a 2.5 in. dia. and would have been used for eating aspic, a type of savory jelly. At the center of the head is the Goring's family crest, an arm in armor grasping a ring, and the 'Wellner' maker's mark is present on the back along with a '90' purity stamp. Minor scratches and tarnish, overall very good.

Lot: 829 - HERMANN GORING SILVER PITCHER

HERMANN GORING SILVER PITCHER A fine, intricately patterned silver pitcher, roughly 5.5 x 2.75 in., with a 3 in. long spout, 3 in. curved handle, and a 1.5 in. hinged lid. The side of the pitcher is engraved with the family crest of Reichsmarshall Hermann Goring (1893-1946). The rims of the pitcher are engraved with oak leaf motifs. The underside of the pitcher is stamped with 'crescent and crown' proof marks, a purity stamp '800 WTB', and the serial number 62706. Moderately tarnished throughout. Obtained by a private collector forty years ago directly from a 101st Airborne veteran who discovered it at or near Goring's Berchtesgaden home.

Lot: 830 - HERMANN GORING SILVER SALAD SERVING FORK AND SKEWER

HERMANN GORING SILVER SALAD SERVING FORK AND SKEWER A good set of two pieces of sterling silver cutlery, each expertly engraved on the handle with the family crest of Reichsmarshal Hermann Goring (1893-1946), an arm in armor grasping a ring. Included is a large salad serving spoon and fork, each 10 in. long, marked on their reverse 'Wellner 90' followed by a 'crescent and crown' proof mark. Both lightly tarnished, else fine. Obtained by a private collector forty years ago directly from a 101st Airborne veteran who discovered it at or near Goring's Berchtesgaden home.

Lot: 831 - HERMANN GORING SILVER SERVING LADEL

HERMANN GORING SILVER SERVING LADEL A large, sterling silver serving ladle, roughly 11 in. long, with a 3.5 in. diameter ladle head. The ladle is expertly on the handle with the family crest of Reichsmarshal Hermann Goring (1893-1946), an arm in armor grasping a ring. Marked on the reverse 'WMF 99' followed by a 'crescent and crown' proof mark. Moderately tarnished. Obtained by a private collector forty years ago directly from a 101st Airborne veteran who discovered it at or near Goring's Berchtesgaden home.

Lot: 832 - HERMANN GORING'S RAIL CAR NAPKIN

Fine damask napkin captured from Hermann Goering's train car, each 22 x 22 in, bearing a very finely-embroidered Railway eagle above the initials 'DR' at center, with an embroidered border about an inch from the edges. The lower-right corner bears the numeral '241' - the number of Goering's dining car. Very fine, near untouched condition. This rare example was 'liberated' by American Major John Wesley Makeig and brought home after war's end. Consigned by his direct descendant.

Lot: 833 - HERMANN GORING'S RAIL CAR NAPKIN

Fine damask napkin captured from Hermann Goering's train car, each 22 x 22 in, bearing a very finely-embroidered Railway eagle above the initials 'DR' at center, with an embroidered border about an inch from the edges. The lower-right corner bears the numeral '241' - the number of Goering's dining car. Very fine, near untouched condition. This rare example was 'liberated' by American Major John Wesley Makeig and brought home after war's end. Consigned by his direct descendant.

Lot: 834 - JAPANESE ARMY PERSONAL EFFECTS BAG

JAPANESE ARMY PERSONAL EFFECTS BAG A World War II era bag used by members of the Japanese Army to carry their personal belongings, roughly 13. 5 x 9 in., featuring untranslated Japanese text on both sides and a drawstring at the bag's opening. Moderately worn due to age with scattered small holes and stains.

Lot: 835 - NAZI INSCRIBED ITALIAN BOOK

NAZI INSCRIBED ITALIAN BOOK An Italian paper back first edition of 'Avanti Magiari! Talpra Magyar' by Gino Cucchetti, (Bolzano: Casa Editrice), 1933, 235pp 8vo., largely untranslated but contains speeches by various Italian and Hungarian politicians. Inside the front cover is a facsimile bookplate from Adolf Hitler's library (added by someone seeking to ‘improve' the value of the book), as well as an untranslated inscription on the front fly leaf which mentions Hitler and the word 'nationalsocialiste' with unknown signature. Moderately worn, tears to the binding at the front gutter, pages toned, edge wear.

Lot: 836 - NEEDLEPOINT PORTRAIT OF ADOLF HITLER

Intricate and presumed period needlepoint portrait of Adolf Hitler, ca. 1930s, showing the dictator in his SA 'brownshirt' uniform, sized 11.75 x 16 in. Matted and framed behind archival glass to a total size of 19.5 x 23.5 in. Very fine condition.

Lot: 837 - SWASTIKA-MARKED CONDIMENT KEEPER FROM A FAVORITE HITLER HOTEL

SWASTIKA-MARKED CONDIMENT KEEPER FROM A FAVORITE HITLER HOTEL Fine hand-hammered heavily silver-plated condiment keeper, 5.5 in. tall with with a screw-on base. The bottom of the base bears a swastika encircled by a wreath, and the embossed 'GEBRUDER HEPP 90' hallmark of fine hotel silversmiths Gebruder Hepp, or 'Hepp Brothers', the same suppliers of silverware to Hitler's favorite hotel, Der Deutscher Hof in Nurnberg. The accessory is further embossed: 'Hotelbereitsges.m.b.h.' on the side. Heavily tarnished, otherwise very good. This relic was sold decades ago to a 50+ year collector of militaria by a member of the 101st Airborne who indicated he obtained it from a 'Nazi hotel in Vienna', undoubtedly the venerable Hotel Imperial. Before the war, the Imperial had partly been owned by Samuel Schallinger, who was forced to sell it in 1938 due to the Nazi persecution of Jews. Schallinger died in 1942 at the Theresienstadt concentration camp near Prague. Hitler had worked at the hotel as a day laborer while penniless in Vienna, and returned following the 1938 Anschluss as an honored guest, and had a permanent suite. Benito Mussolini stayed at the hotel during World War II with considerably less fanfare, being shepherded through the back door following his spectacular rescue from Gran Sasso. A great relic. With consignor's letter of provenance.

Lot: 838 - SWASTIKA-MARKED CONDIMENT KEEPER FROM A FAVORITE HITLER HOTEL

SWASTIKA-MARKED CONDIMENT KEEPER FROM A FAVORITE HITLER HOTEL Fine hand-hammered heavily silver-plated condiment keeper, 5.5 in. tall with with a screw-on base. The bottom of the base bears a swastika encircled by a wreath, and the embossed 'GEBRUDER HEPP 90' hallmark of fine hotel silversmiths Gebruder Hepp, or 'Hepp Brothers', the same suppliers of silverware to Hitler's favorite hotel, Der Deutscher Hof in Nurnberg. The accessory is further embossed: 'Hotelbereitsges.m.b.h.' on the side. Heavily tarnished, otherwise very good. This relic was sold decades ago to a 50+ year collector of militaria by a member of the 101st Airborne who indicated he obtained it from a 'Nazi hotel in Vienna', undoubtedly the venerable Hotel Imperial. Before the war, the Imperial had partly been owned by Samuel Schallinger, who was forced to sell it in 1938 due to the Nazi persecution of Jews. Schallinger died in 1942 at the Theresienstadt concentration camp near Prague. Hitler had worked at the hotel as a day laborer while penniless in Vienna, and returned following the 1938 Anschluss as an honored guest, and had a permanent suite. Benito Mussolini stayed at the hotel during World War II with considerably less fanfare, being shepherded through the back door following his spectacular rescue from Gran Sasso. A great relic. With consignor's letter of provenance.

Lot: 839 - SWASTIKA-MARKED WINE GOBLETS FROM A FAVORITE HITLER HOTEL

SWASTIKA-MARKED WINE GOBLETS FROM A FAVORITE HITLER HOTEL Fine set of four heavy silver plated wine goblets, each 6.5 in. tall and 2.5 in. wide at the mouth. The bottom of each goblet bears a swastika encircled by a wreath, and the bases of three of the four are embossed with the 'GEBR HEPP 90' hallmark of fine hotel silversmiths Gebruder Hepp, or 'Hepp Brothers', the same suppliers of silverware to Hitler's favorite hotel, Der Deutscher Hof in Nurnberg. Heavily tarnished, otherwise very good. These goblets were sold decades ago to a 50+ year collector of militaria by a member of the 101st Airborne who indicated he obtained it from a 'Nazi hotel in Vienna', undoubtedly the venerable Hotel Imperial. Before the war, the Imperial had partly been owned by Samuel Schallinger, who was forced to sell it in 1938 due to the Nazi persecution of Jews. Schallinger died in 1942 at the Theresienstadt concentration camp near Prague. Hitler had worked at the hotel as a day laborer while penniless in Vienna, and returned following the 1938 Anschluss as an honored guest, and had a permanent suite. Benito Mussolini stayed at the hotel during World War II with considerably less fanfare, being shepherded through the back door following his spectacular rescue from Gran Sasso. A great relic. With consignor's letter of provenance.

Lot: 840 - KAMIKAZE RELICS AND SAILOR'S ARCHIVE FROM THE U.S.S. LAMSON

KAMIKAZE RELICS AND SAILOR'S ARCHIVE FROM THE U.S.S. LAMSON On December 7, 1944, during the Battle of Ormoc Bay off the coast of Leyte Island, Japanese kamikaze aircraft hit and heavily damaged the destroyer USS MAHAN (DD-364) and the high-speed transport USS WARD (APD-16), both of which were intentionally sunk by US ships when fires could not be brought under control. The Mahan-class destroyer

Lot: 841 - ALLACH LARGE GERMAN SHEPHERD PAINTED NO. 76

ALLACH LARGE GERMAN SHEPHERD PAINTED NO. 76 Superb Allach painted porcelain figure of a reclining German Shepherd, expertly crafted and colored in hues of brown, black, and beige, with a pink tongue and black eyes, approx. 9.5 in. tall, 17 in. long, marked on the base with the molded name of the designer: 'TH. KARNER' as well as the Allach trademark of stylized SS runes and the name 'Allach'. Very fine, with the only flaw being a minuscule scrape to the left side of the dog's tongue, visible only with a loupe. Designed in 1936. The porcelain factory Porzellan Manufaktur Allach was established as a private concern in 1935. In 1936 the factory was acquired by Heinrich Himmler to produce works of art that would represent, in Himmler's eyes, true Germanic culture. Production was based at Allach, the largest subcamp of Dachau, and it used slave labor in the production of these pieces. Very good.

Lot: 842 - DWM 1906 COMMERCIAL P08 LUGER PISTOL

DWM 1906 COMMERCIAL P08 LUGER PISTOL DWM 1906 Commercial Model P08 Luger also known as the "New Model", with the DWM 'Deutsche Waffen-und Munitionsfabriken AG' logo on the first toggle link and showing a blank chamber, indicating it was originally a commercial pistol made for sale within Germany. The gun has fixed 'V' notch sights, and a quick taper 'pencil' type 4 inch barrel, in 30 caliber. Toggle is of the flat unscalloped type, and the frame correctly has no stock lug on the backstrap, and also exhibits a grip squeeze safety. The frame is polished bright under the safety lever, in the position of the lower 'safety on' position, and the extractor being marked 'GELADEN' meaning 'Loaded'. A few of the small parts still showing very light strawing. Very clean original walnut grips with checkering in high relief and the larger more precise checking style that is typical to the swiss style grips commonly encountered on the 1906 model. Commercial as well as military proofs are present on several parts, such as 'Crown B', 'Crown U', and 'Crown G' proofmarks. Known as 'BUG' marked proofs, this indicates this pistol has history of being from both Commercial and Military sources. These guns were period arsenal refurbished, sometimes being re-barrelled (although not in this case, as is evidenced by the positioning of the serial number on the bottom of the barrel, and still being a 30 caliber), and adopted into the military. Matching external commercial pattern five digit serial numbers are marked in the commercial manner on the bottom of the barrel, as well as on the front of the frame. No export marks or shields are present. Serial Number: 27343 Rare top form Luger.

Lot: 843 - DWM 1918/1920 PO8 LUGER WITH NAZI HOLSTER

DWM 1918/1920 PO8 LUGER WITH NAZI HOLSTER 1918 9mm DWM luger with later holster, with a 4 in. barrel and very good bore. Checkered walnut grips showing some wear from use at the bottom. Matching serial numbers; '6383', with '83' showing on most other parts, with 'DWM' monogram on top of toggle and dates '1918' and '1920' over the chamber suggesting the original 1918 frame was later arsenal reworked. Standard Imperial proofs on right side of receiver. All mechanisms still functional. The back strap of the frame is stamped with '6./J.R.5.33.' possibly referring to the 5th battalion of the 6th Jaegar regiment in the Imperial German Army. Accompanied by one stainless steel magazine. Sold with a fine Nazi era holster with a metal National eagle on the front and a stamp on the verso of 'Karl Bocker Waldbrol 1936', with space for an extra magazine. Light scratches yet overall very good. From 1919 on, DWM rebuilt luger frames with new or existing parts (including barrels) into complete pistols for sales to the civilian and export markets, and these sales helped restore DWM to solvency after the end of the war. It is likely that the 1920 stamp on this pistol shows it to be one that was reworked for this reason.

Lot: 844 - ADMIRAL YAMAMOTO PRESENTATION SCROLL

ADMIRAL YAMAMOTO PRESENTATION SCROLL ISOROKU YAMAMOTO (1884-1943) Japanese Marshal Admiral of the Navy and commander-in-chief of the Combined Fleet during World War II. Infamously known as the architect for the attack on Pearl Harbor, after which it was discovered in his writings, the prophetic words 'I fear all we have done is to awaken a sleeping giant and fill him with a terrible resolve.' He

Lot: 845 - BATTLE-BURNED IRON CROSS RECOVERED IN A BUNKER, JUNE 10, 1944

BATTLE-BURNED IRON CROSS RECOVERED IN A BUNKER, JUNE 10, 1944 A fabulous relic taken from a German bunker only four days after the June 6, 1944 landings on Omaha Beach, a 1939 Iron Cross, 2nd Class that has been heavily damaged by fire, most likely from an American flamethrower or a fire resulting from sea-borne artillery. The paint on the medal is bubbled from the heat, and the silver frame has been blackened. The reverse of the right arm is actually fractured from the heat. A crudely written note, probably contemporary, accompanies the medal. It reads: 'Iron Cross found in bunker at Normandie June 10 44' This piece was included in a collection of relics recovered 'around Omaha Beach' in 1978, which may point to its origin.

Lot: 846 - 'BLACK WIDOW' P08 LUGER MAGAZINE

'BLACK WIDOW' P08 LUGER MAGAZINE A fine stainless-steel spring action magazine for a P08 Luger, 5.5 x 12 in., body entirely blued and complete with bakelite floor for a late model Mauser Luger. The so called 'black widow' models. Stamped 'P08' on one side with two other 'fxo' proof marks. Light scratches, else fine condition.

Lot: 847 - 'CATERPILLAR CLUB' PIN AND MEMBERSHIP CARD

'CATERPILLAR CLUB' PIN AND MEMBERSHIP CARD Rare pair of items belonging to a lucky member of the 'Caterpillar Club', whose members solely included those who were forced to bale out from a crippled airplane in order to survive. Included is a finely crafted gold 'caterpillar' lapel pin with red jeweled eyes, about 7/8 in. long with a pin back, some text on verso illegible due to old glue or label obscuring to it. Also present is the matching club membership card issued to 'S/Sgt. Frank L. Glitchell, Jr.' who, it is noted: is a member of the CTERPILLAR CLUB having saved his life by parachute' The card, signed by Glitchell, bears a typed note: 'Date of Jump: 7-19-44' and bears images of aircraft, parachutes, and the logo of the Irvin Air Chute Company. Laminated. Two pieces. FRANK L. GITCHELL, JR. (1918-1986) served as a Technical Sergeant in the Army Air Corps. On July 19, 1944 many raids were conducted over Germany. If Gitchell served on a B-17, as is most likely the case, chances are he was aboard one of ten shot down over Schweinfurt, or a survivor of a mid-air collision over Saarbrucken.

Lot: 848 - 'DAS REICHSPORTSFELD', PRESENTED BY NAZI WAR CRIMINAL WILHELM FRICK

Very rare presentation copy of 'Das Reichssportsfeld' given on behalf of Nazi Minister of the Interior and war criminal Dr. Wilhelm Frick (Berlin: Reichssportverlag), 1936. 192pp. sm. folio, with brown leather boards and gilt titles. The book shows a detailed overview of the planning and three years of construction of the Olympic facilities, crediting much of the project to the vision and support of Fuhrer und Reichskanzler, Adolf Hitler. Later images show the destruction of the old buildings on the site, the construction of the massive foundations for the new stadium, the preparations for the installation of the Olympic Bell, the sculptures, the halls, the rooms, the landscaping, and much more. Adding to its rarity, this presentation copy includes the original printed letter of transmission, with facsimile signature of Nazi State Secretary Hans Pfundter. It reads, in part: 'I have the honor to hand over the work published by the Reich Minister of the Interior on the 'Reichsportsfeld' on behalf Reich Minister Dr. Frick'. Fine condition overall. Pfundtner was a member of the German National Olympic Committee, and both Frick and Pfundtner were instrumental in implementing the 1935 Nurnberg Racial Laws. Pfundtner and his wife killed themselves before Soviet capture on 25 April 1945, and Frick was later tried and convicted of war crimes at the Nuremberg trials and executed by hanging.

Lot: 849 - 'HAUS DER DEUTSCHEN KUNST' SPOON

'HAUS DER DEUTSCHEN KUNST' SPOON A fine nickeled silver spoon from the dining area of the 'Haus Der Deutschen Kunst' ('House of German Art'), an art museum in Munich. The spoon is 8.25 in. long, with the hallmark 'Bruckmann 90' on the reverse, featuring its signature logo on the handle consisting of a side profile of a Trojan helmet, a torch, and a national eagle. Scratches and dents throughout, yet overall good.

Lot: 850 - 'HEIL HITLER' ENAMELED SIGN

'HEIL HITLER' ENAMELED SIGN Hitler supporter's enameled sign, 12 x 2.75 in., white type with red border on black field, reading (in German: 'If you come through this door, your greeting should be Heil Hitler' Corners chipped with a rusted indent to lower right, else very good.

Lot: 851 - 'MEMPHIS BELLE' FUSELAGE RELIC

'MEMPHIS BELLE' FUSELAGE RELIC Fine relic of the famous B-17F bomber 'Memphis Belle', a 3.5 x 1.5 in. section of aluminum sheeting with three rivet holes, apparently removed from within the aircraft's fuselage. The relic is affixed to plexiglass covering a fine artist's rendering of the 'Memphis Belle' remaining in formation as her group is attacked by Me-109s. The image also includes descriptive text explaining that this relic was obtained from the Memphis Belle Memorial Foundation, most likely during restoration of the aircraft. Set into a black wood frame, 19 x 13 in. overall. Fine.

Lot: 852 - 'OPERATION CORNFLAKES' HITLER STAMPS

A group of four American-made German stamps purportedly made for use during ‘Operation Cornflake', which was a morale operation conducted by the Office of Strategic Services late in World War II. The goal was to trick the German post office into inadvertently delivering anti-Nazi propaganda to its own citizens. To do this, the OSS interrogated German POWs who previously worked in the post office to understand its operation. The next step was to bomb different Reichpost locations while also dropping sacks of fake mail filled with anti-Nazi propaganda addressed to German citizens. The operation was deemed a success even though Nazi authorities eventually caught on, as many German citizens in the post war era admitted to being influenced by the mail. The red stamps, each .75 in. x 1 in. and printed in a single block feature Hitler posing without skin on his face giving him the appearance of a skeleton, above the words 'Futsches Reich' ('Ruined Empire'). Fine condition. Sold as is

Lot: 853 - 'RIGHT IN DER FUHRER'S EYE'

'RIGHT IN DER FUHRER'S EYE' Most unusual and graphic wartime anti-Hitler novelty, this 4.25 x 3 in. box bears a printed cartoon caricature of Hitler on the lid showing him offering a lame 'salute' he is hit in the eye with a glob of unknown composition. The cartoon is captioned 'RIGHT IN DER FUEHRER'S EYE'. When the box is opened, a fake brown 'turd' makes it clear exactly what it was that struck 'Der Fuehrer'! Very rare and graphic for the period!

Lot: 854 - 'SCHNAUFER'S FIRST KILL' AIRCRAFT CRASH RELIC

'SCHNAUFER'S FIRST KILL' AIRCRAFT CRASH RELIC HEINZ WOLFGANG SCHNAUFER (1922–1950) German Luftwaffe night fighter pilot, the highest scoring night fighter ace in the history of aerial warfare with 121 victories, all accomplished after dark. A terrific flight relic, a 2.5 x 1 in. aluminum fuselage section from the BF 110 B-2 (Werksnummer 4516) night fighter of Il./NJG 1 which was flown by Schnaufer when he obtained his first "kill' on the night of 1-2 June 1942. Schnaufer was shot in the leg while attacking a Halifax that night, after which he made his only belly landing during the war. While Schnaufer recuperated, this machine was reassigned to a different crew and was later converted into a G-0 model. On the night of 10-11 April 1943, it was shot down and destroyed. Its remains were excavated in 2006. The relic is affixed to plexiglass covering a fine artist's rendering of the aircraft and a photo of Schnaufer, all set into a black wood frame, 13 x 10.5 overall. Fine.

Lot: 855 - ‘DER DEUTSCHER HOF’ DISH

‘DER DEUTSCHER HOF' DISH A small silver-plated dish from the Hotel Deutscher Hof in Nuremberg, the favorite hotel of Adolf Hitler and other Nazi officials during the Nuremberg Rallies. The 5.75 in. diameter dish has a 1 in. curved rim, engraved with the name 'Der Deutsche Hof' and a wreathed swastika followed by the hallmark 'Gebreff 90.' The dish has a checkered pattern, giving it almost the appearance of scales. A few spots of discoloration, else fine condition.

Lot: 856 - ‘DER DEUTSCHER HOF’ LOBSTER PICK

‘DER DEUTSCHER HOF' LOBSTER PICK A fine nickeled silver lobster pick from the Hotel Deutscher Hof in Nuremberg, the favorite hotel of Adolf Hitler and other Nazi officials during the Nuremberg Rallies. The utensil is 7.75 in. long with two curved prongs, a decorated lobster in relief at the center, and engraved 'Der Deutsche Hof' on the handle with a wreathed swastika. In addition, it bears the hallmark 'BSF 100.' Very fine condition.

Lot: 857 - 1935 'BERLIN OLYMPIC PREPARATION' DESK PLAQUE FROM OLYMPIC VILLAGE

Rare desk plaque honoring the German preparation for the 1936 Berlin Olympics, approx. 5.5 in tall x 4.5 in. dia. wide, constructed of blackened cast iron, showing a strong naked German man waving a flag with the Olympic rings atop a mobile swastika. The perimeter is labelled 'IM JAHR DER OLYMPISCHEN VORBEREITUNG 1935' ('in the year of the Olympic preparation'). The reverse bears an eagle with the 'Olympic rings' in its talons, bordered by script indicating the plaque was bestowed to a winner of a sports festival in Munich, ca. Sept. 22, 1935. This side also bears the maker's mark of the Lauchhammer foundry, well-known for its cast iron pieces. The bottom of the base is finished with black velvet, and the side of the base bears the script 'Dem Sieger im Mannschaftskampf' ('The winner in the team fight'). Fine condition, and very presentable. According to our consigner, an expansive collector of 1936 Berlin Olympics relics and memorabilia, this piece was displayed in the 1936 Olympic Village - the accommodation center which housed all participating athletes, officials, and athletic trainers throughout the Olympics. However, without further provenance, this could not be authenticated by us.

Lot: 858 - 1936 BERLIN OLYMPIAD PILOT'S MEDAL

Especially rare International Flight to Berlin Olympiad Pilot`s Medal. 71 mm diameter, bronze finish, by Placzek. Obverse shows an eagle in flight above the title: "INTERNATIONALER STERNFLUG', the reverse showing the Olympic Bell with: "XI OLYMPIADE BERLIN 1936' This medal was presented to pilots upon arrival their arrival in Berlin. A minimum of 500 km had to be covered en route in order to qualify for this medal - only 54 airplanes qualified. Lightly worn, in original black cardboard presentation case.

Lot: 859 - 1936 BERLIN OLYMPICS PREVIOUS MEDALIST'S BADGE

A very rare Olympic badge, an unissued 'Guest of Honor' badge given to previous Olympic medalists that attended the 1936 Berlin Olympics. The silvered badge, 1 x 1.25 in., shows an athlete holding wreath aloft with colored Olympic rings behind him, all above two white enamel bars below. The Organization Committee held a reception during the course of the Games for previous winners where these badges was bestowed, with the two enamel bars at the bottom being engraved with the victor's name and 'Olympic Games'. The verso bears a horizontal straight pin and catch, and is twice maker's marked by Poellath in Schrobenhausen. Very good condition.

Lot: 860 - 1936 BERLIN OLYMPICS SECURITY FILM REEL

Original film reel from the 1936 Berlin Olympics, housed in a 3.25 in. dia. film container, marked 'security film' and 'ozaphan' beneath the name of the Kalle chemical factory, known for its work with Ozaphan filming before the process was halted due to the war. Unwatched and unexamined, the tin indicates a run time of approximately 40 minutes. The reel apparently covers the opening ceremony, the 100m run, the 110m hurdles, the 300m obstacle, the marathon, and the 'Dietrich Eckart' stage, among others. Eckart, one of the founders of the German Worker's Party, was a mentor and teacher of Adolf Hitler in the early years of the Nazi Party. Eckhart died 13 years prior to the Olympics, yet Hitler's fondness for Eckart led him to rename an arena in his honor shortly before the Berlin Olympics. Very good condition.

Lot: 861 - 1936 BERLIN OLYMPICS SWITZERLAND PRESS BADGE

Press ribbon issued for a Swiss reporter in the 1936 Berlin Summer Olympics, bronze, 43 mm x 114 mm, manufactured by Lauer, featuring the Olympics rings over the Brandenburg Gate. The front is engraved 'XI Olympiade Berlin 1936, Presse'. With original red and white ribbon, bearing a pinned-on Swiss cross at the center.

Lot: 862 - 1936 BERLIN OLYMPICS TORCH

An extraordinary Olympics relic, an original torch from 1936 Berlin Olympics, used in the first torch relay to bring the Olympic flame from Olympia to Berlin. Designed by Entwurf Walter E. Lemcke, Berlin and made by Krupp, Essen, the torch stands 10.5 in. tall and 6.125 in. across the top. It is lightly etched with a Germanic eagle clutching five Olympic rings above the legend: 'FACKEL-STAFFEL-LAUF OLYMPIA-BERLIN 1936'. Also illustrated is the route the flame took, from Olympia, Greece to Berlin. The top of the torch is further etched: 'ALS DANK DEM TRAGER ORGANISATIONS-KOMITEE FUR DIE XI. OLYMPIADE BERLIN 1936'. The underside of the top tray also is engraved with maker's name and steel type. Uniquely, the top edge bears some of the original paper. The torch weighs approx. 510 grams, and is in absolutely pristine condition with an incredible shine. According to our consigner, an experienced collector of relics and memorabilia from the 1936 Berlin Olympics, this torch was carried by a Croatian to Subotica, where a ceremony was held on July 28, 1936 at 2:35AM. These torches, a total of just over 3,000, were kept by those running the Olympic flame as gifts offered by the German Olympic Committee. Photograph not included, used for display purposes only.

Lot: 863 - 1936 BERLIN OLYMPICS TRACK OFFICIAL'S BELL

A very rare track official's bell from the XI Olympic Games in Berlin 1936. The cast cast steel bell bears a national eagle grasping Olympic rings, an image of the Brandenburg Gate and dates '1. - 16. August 1936' in relief. The lower edge of the bell is surrounded by the inscription 'Ich rufe die Jugend der Welt!' ('I call upon the youth of the the world - 11th Olympic Games Berlin') Large screw-mounted suspension ring and iron clapper with remains of a leather loop. Height about 23 cm. A significant Olympics piece, this bell was used by track officials to signal that last lap of a race, possibly including Jesse Owens' historic victories.

Lot: 864 - 1936 GERMAN OLYMPIC MEMORIAL MEDAL WITH CASE

Scarce example of a cased Olympia-Erinnerungsmedaille, or 'German Olympic Memorial Medal', instituted July 31st 1936 for services rendered to the 1936 Olympic Games. The medal is silver-plated, die-stamped steel, bearing a German national eagle in front of a pedestal with the five Olympic rings to the top. The eagle is flanked by '1936', and the reverse depicts the script 'For Meritorious Collaboration at the Olympic Games 1936' above a four-piece oak leaf and acorn cluster. To the top is a soldered-on loop and ring with original rayon ribbon. Fine condition, with a still-beautiful silver wash! Housed in the appropriate case, constructed of wood and pressed cardboard with a simulated white, leather covering. To the top is a pressed, gilt Olympic rings and border. The interior top lid is lined in a gray silk and has an underlying pad. The bottom interior of the case is covered in a light blue/grey velvet and outlines the award, ring and pin. To the front is a functioning spring-loaded closure button. Despite the 'Nazified' imagery shown in this state-issued medal, it is interestingly that in 'official' Olympic medals, the IOC forbid Hitler and Goebbels to add a swastika for fear of politicizing the event.

Lot: 865 - 1936 GERMAN OLYMPIC TEAM PATCH

1936 GERMAN OLYMPIC TEAM PATCH A NSRL/DRL (Nationalsozialistischer Reichsbund fur Leibesubungen/Deutscher Reichsbund fur Leibesubungen) Olympic Sports Patch. This patch was given to 1936 German Olympics participants and either clipped or sewn to a garment. It is a two-piece patch, the red field heavily embroidered with the NSLR eagle emblem: a black eagle with a swastika on its chest. Some mothing and wear. Overall measurements 4 x 4.5 in. Not often seen.

Lot: 866 - 1936 OLYMPICS PORCELAIN PLATE BY MEISSEN

An excellent piece of Olympic memorabilia, a 1936 Olympic Games commemorative plate by famous German porcelain manufacturers Meissen. The 7 in. diameter plate displays an image of the statuary atop the Brandenburg Gate, namely the goddess Victoria in her chariot drawn by four horses, with 'OLYMPISCHE SPIELE 1936' above. On the verso appears the Meissen maker's mark and a twisted wire for suspension. Very fine.

Lot: 867 - CHINA-BURMA-INDIA PHOTO ALBUM AND PILLOW CASE

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA PHOTO ALBUM AND PILLOW CASE Fine pair of items from a soldier serving in the China-Burma-India Theater. Includes a 10.5 x 7.5 photo album, the cover named to 'Norton E.Thompson'. In displays a a CBI emblem, an eagle, the years '1943-44' with '1945' added later, and 'China Burma India' added at bottom. The album contains about 125 photos, some commercials showing sights in India, interspersed with family photographs. About 40 of the images show the soldier in casual poses with fellow soldeirs, in a jeep, his base, etc. Accompanied by a 17 x 17 in. theater-made velour pillow case with CBI emblem, etc.

Lot: 868 - 1944 CHINA-BURMA-INDIA EMBROIDERY

1944 CHINA-BURMA-INDIA EMBROIDERY Nicely embroidered theater-made C.B.E. table throw or partial pillow covering, 26 x 25 in., a blue velvet backing heavily-embroidered with gold wire with the addition of colored threads and cloth depicting a winged C.B.E. emblem at center surrounded by 'U.S.A. CHINA BURMA 1944' on its four sides, with 'INDIA' appearing at the bottom. All hand-made, likely in India, in very good condition.

Lot: 869 - ALLACH AMAZON NO. 82

ALLACH AMAZON NO. 82 White porcelain figure, approx. 6.5 x 7.25 x 2 in., a fine depiction of a nude Amazon warrior with helmet and sword astride a prancing horse. The design was created by Allach production designer Prof. Theodor Karner, originally as a presentation piece for the 'Braunen Band des Springsports' ('Brown Ribbon Jumping Show'), but was later made available for general sale. The base of the figure bears Karner's embossed name, along with the model number '82' and the stylized 'SS' runes utilized by Allach as a manufacturer's mark. One ear of the horse and the tip of the sword show evidence of possible repair/repainting, else very good. No other chips or damage whatsoever. The porcelain factory Porzellan Manufaktur Allach was established as a private concern in 1935. In 1936 the factory was acquired by Heinrich Himmler to produce works of art that would represent, in Himmler's eyes, true Germanic culture. Production was based at Allach, the largest subcamp of Dachau, and it used slave labor in the production of these pieces.

Lot: 870 - ALLACH BLACKBIRD NO. 33

ALLACH BLACKBIRD NO. 33 Allach white porcelain figure of a blackbird standing atop strawberries, his head turned and his tail feathers erect, approx. 10 in. tall., marked on the base with the name of the designer: '[Adolf] ROHRING]and with green painted Allach trademark of stylized SS runes and name 'Allach'. Very fine, with no damage evident. The 'Amsel' is one of the rarest of all Allach animal figures. The porcelain factory Porzellan Manufaktur Allach was established as a private concern in 1935. In 1936 the factory was acquired by Heinrich Himmler to produce works of art that would represent, in Himmler's eyes, true Germanic culture. Production was based at Allach, the largest subcamp of Dachau, and it used slave labor in the production of these pieces. Very good.

Lot: 871 - ALLACH COFFEE CUP

ALLACH COFFEE CUP Allach white porcelain coffee cup, approx. 1.75 in. tall, marked on the base with green painted Allach trademark of stylized SS runes and 'Allach' name. Very fine, with no damage evident. Produced by Bohemia in Neurohlau.

Lot: 872 - ALLACH LYING FAWN NO. 41

ALLACH LYING FAWN NO. 41 Allach white porcelain figure of a deer fawn looking at the viewer as he lays upon the ground, approx. 6.5 in. tall, marked on the base with the name of the designer: 'PROF T. KARNER 41' and with green painted Allach trademark of stylized SS runes. Very fine, with no damage evident. Designed in 1936. The porcelain factory Porzellan Manufaktur Allach was established as a private concern in 1935. In 1936 the factory was acquired by Heinrich Himmler to produce works of art that would represent, in Himmler's eyes, true Germanic culture. Production was based at Allach, the largest subcamp of Dachau, and it used slave labor in the production of these pieces. Very good.

Lot: 873 - ALLACH LYING YOUNG DACHSHUND NO. 1

ALLACH LYING YOUNG DACHSHUND NO. 1 Allach white porcelain figure of a dachshund puppy looking at the viewer as he lays upon the ground, approx. 3.75 in. tall., marked on the base with the name of the designer: 'T. KARNER NO. 1' and with green painted Allach trademark of stylized SS runes and name 'Allach'. Very fine, with no damage evident. Designed in 1936. The porcelain factory Porzellan Manufaktur Allach was established as a private concern in 1935. In 1936 the factory was acquired by Heinrich Himmler to produce works of art that would represent, in Himmler's eyes, true Germanic culture. Production was based at Allach, the largest subcamp of Dachau, and it used slave labor in the production of these pieces. Very good.

Lot: 874 - ALLACH SITTING YOUNG RABBIT PAINTED NO. 61

ALLACH SITTING YOUNG RABBIT PAINTED NO. 61 Allach white porcelain figure of a young rabbit seated, his face painted in shades of brown with black eyes and pink ears, approx. 5.75 in. tall, marked on the base with the name of the designer: 'T. KARNER 61' and with green painted Allach trademark of stylized SS runes. Very fine, with no damage evident. Designed in 1938. The porcelain factory Porzellan Manufaktur Allach was established as a private concern in 1935. In 1936 the factory was acquired by Heinrich Himmler to produce works of art that would represent, in Himmler's eyes, true Germanic culture. Production was based at Allach, the largest subcamp of Dachau, and it used slave labor in the production of these pieces. Very good.

Lot: 875 - ALLACH STANDING FOX TERRIER NO. 19

ALLACH STANDING FOX TERRIER NO. 19 Allach white porcelain figure of a young rabbit seated, his face painted in shades of brown with black eyes and pink ears, approx. 8 in. tall, marked on the underside of the dog's stomach with the name of the designer: 'T. K.' (Theodor Karner) and sculpture number '19'. The Allach trademark of stylized SS runes and name 'Allach' are also impressed just beneath. Very fine, with no damage evident. Designed in 1938. The porcelain factory Porzellan Manufaktur Allach was established as a private concern in 1935. In 1936 the factory was acquired by Heinrich Himmler to produce works of art that would represent, in Himmler's eyes, true Germanic culture. Production was based at Allach, the largest subcamp of Dachau, and it used slave labor in the production of these pieces. Very good.

Lot: 876 - ALLACH VASE NO. 500

ALLACH VASE NO. 500 Allach white porcelain vase, a nicely-designed tapering piece narrowing towards a flaring top, approx. 14.75 in. tall, with green painted Allach trademark of stylized SS runes and name 'Allach' on bottom. Very fine, with no damage evident. The porcelain factory Porzellan Manufaktur Allach was established as a private concern in 1935. In 1936 the factory was acquired by Heinrich Himmler to produce works of art that would represent, in Himmler's eyes, true Germanic culture. Production was based at Allach, the largest subcamp of Dachau, and it used slave labor in the production of these pieces. Very good.

Lot: 877 - GERMANIC CARVED WOOD EAGLE

GERMANIC CARVED WOOD EAGLE Carved wood eagle in Germanic style, age unknown, a distinctive sculpture very reminiscent of the national eagle adopted by the NSDAP and displayed throughout the country, 11.5 in. tall with a natural finish, appears to be a heavy oak. Very fine condition and a great item for display.

Lot: 878 - WORLD WAR II SERVICE BANNERS (3)

WORLD WAR II SERVICE BANNERS (3) A good lot of three American service banners from World War II. These banners were often displayed in the windows of households who had a family member serving in the armed forces. The banners are varying sizes, with wooden poles threaded through the tops, red, white, and blue colored with blue stars on them. One has two stars, another only one, and a third with one that also reads 'Serving in the US Navy.' The blue stars each represent a family member who has or is currently serving. Conditions vary but overall good. Three items.

Lot: 879 - WORLD WAR II SERVICE BANNERS (2)

WORLD WAR II SERVICE BANNERS (2) A good pair American service banners from World War II. These banners were often displayed in the windows of households who had a family member serving in the armed forces. The banners both have wooden poles threaded through the tops and are varying sizes The first is red, white and blue colored with two stars, one blue and one gold. The other is colored different shades of brown with a single gold star. A blue star on these banners represents a family member who has or is currently in the service, while a gold represents a family member who was killed in while serving. Conditions vary but overall good.

Lot: 880 - COLLINS & CO. LEGITIMUS NO. 18 KNIFE WITH SHEATH

COLLINS & CO. LEGITIMUS NO. 18 KNIFE WITH SHEATH Scarce Collins & Co. Legitimus No. 18 knife with sheath, 9 in. blade marked on the ricasso: 'COLLINS & CO' over the arm and hammer logo, and 'LEGITIMUS/MADE IN U.S.A./NO.18'.Blade is oxidized and the very tip is gone. The machete style grip is a hard rubber handle with five heavy rivets,and the brass cross-guard is oxidized but otherwise in good condition. The scabbard is tooled embossed leather marked with the Collins & Co logo, but is worn with the tip reinforced with old medical tape, perhaps in the field. This knife/machete was a favorite among Marines serving in the South Pacific jungles.

Lot: 881 - COMMEMORATIVE GERMAN COINS (2)

COMMEMORATIVE GERMAN COINS (2) A good pair of commemorative silver coins, both 1.5 in. dia., minted 1928 and 1929, one featuring former German Chancellor Gustav Stressmann, and the other commemorative Admiral Sheer's naval victory at the Battle of Jutland in 1916. Both slightly discolored but overall good.

Lot: 882 - D.A.P. GOBLET

D.A.P. GOBLET An excessively rare metal goblet from the origin of the Nazi Party, approx. 4.25 x 2.75 in. dia., ca. 1920, engraved on the front with a skillfully-engraved swastika eagle and the initials 'D.A.P.' for 'German Worker's Party'. The goblet is otherwise unmarked, which is sensible given the party's smaller stature in post-World War I years. Moderately tarnished throughout, just good condition. The Nazi movement took concrete form in Munich with the formation of the D.A.P. in January 1919, formed by Anton Drexler, Dietrich Eckart, Gottfried Feder and Karl Harrer. Drexler invited Adolf Hitler to join the party in July of 1919, where the future dictator quickly became the party's most active orator and the chief of propaganda by early 1920. Due to Hitler's growing influence in the smaller party, the Nazi Party formally adopted the swastika as its symbol in 1920, thus dating this goblet. The fewer than 2,000 party members were quickly won over to Hitler's political beliefs, and to further the wide-spread appeal of the party, the D.A.P. was renamed the National Socialist German Workers' Party (NSDAP) on February 24, 1920 - less than two months after this goblet was presumably created.

Lot: 883 - DEATH MASK OF WILHELM RITTER VON LEEB

An interesting metal death mask of WILHELM RITTER VON LEEB (1876 - 1956) German field marshal who led an assault on France, commanded Army Group North in the Russian campaign, sacked for challenging Hitler's military competence, measuring approx. 13 x 7 x 7.5 in. Very good condition. The mask was originally secured to a green cloth base, measuring 14.5 x 21 in., affixed just above a metal placard bearing von Leeb's name, and birth date and death date.

Lot: 884 - DESK BUST OF ADOLF HITLER

Miniature desk bust of Adolf Hitler, approx. 2.5 x 1.5 x 3 in. tall, showing a chest-up depiction of the dictator in his suit-and-tie, signed by the artist 'J.J. Riedel' on the nape of the neck and otherwise unmarked. Secured to a 1.25 in. tall black marble base. Fine condition. According to Third Reich Arts, experts and dealers in World War II-era statues and porcelain who previously sold this exact lot, they have observed just two Riedel busts in their years of operation.

Lot: 885 - EXCAVATED FAUSTPATRONE

EXCAVATED FAUSTPATRONE A very rare World War II relic, an excavated German 'Faustpatrone' ('fist cartridge') which was a handheld anti-tank weapon that was the forerunner to the later Panzerfaust. This smaller weapon consists of similar design, a pre-loaded launch tube that fired a high explosive shaped warhead. The weapon is completely disarmed and inert, measuring roughly, 40 x 1.75 in., with a 4 in. diameter warhead. Original firing mechanism is still present. Heavily oxidized, in 'dug' condition. There appear to be remnants of paper tags on the head and shaft of the item. Per our consignor's testimony, this relic was recovered from the bottom of Lake Toplitz in the Austrian Alps. During the war, Lake Toplitz was the site of a Nazi naval testing station where German scientists would test different explosives. Most interestingly, the water of the lake below a depth of 20 meters contains no oxygen which stops oxidation from occurring on items below that mark. This would explain the Faustpatrone's relatively good condition.

Lot: 886 - EXCAVATED PANZERFAUST 60

EXCAVATED PANZERFAUST 60 A very rare World War II relic, an excavated German Panzerfaust ('tank fist'), which was a single shot anti-tank weapon. It consisted of a small, disposable, pre-loaded launch tube that fired a high-explosive anti-tank warhead, intended to be operated by a single soldier. This example, the 'Panzerfaust 60' version, was the most common and widely produced. The weapon, completely disarmed and inert, measures roughly 41 x 2 in., with a 5 in. diameter warhead. Original firing mechanism is still present. Heavily oxidized, in 'dug' condition. There appear to be remnants of paper tags on the head and shaft of the item. Per our consignor's testimony, this relic was recovered from the bottom of Lake Toplitz in the Austrian Alps. During the war, Lake Toplitz was the site of a Nazi naval testing station where German scientists would test different explosives. Most interestingly, the water of the lake below a depth of 20 meters contains no oxygen which stops oxidation from occurring on items below that mark. This would explain the Panzerfaust's relatviley good condition.

Lot: 887 - FLYING TIGERS AND PEARL HARBOR P-40E RELIC

FLYING TIGERS AND PEARL HARBOR P-40E RELIC Terrific military aircraft relic, a section of the fuselage of a P-40E 'Warhawk' present at Pearl Harbor during the Japanese attack on December 7, 1941. The aircraft the saw service with Gen. Claire Chennault's Flying Tigers in China before being lost in action against the Japanese in New Guinea. The 5 x 3 in. piece of fuselage with a rivet hole was once part of the P-40E 'Warhawk' serial no. 41-3286 whose wreckage was partially recovered in 1978. The relic is affixed to the plexiglass cover of a framed print depicting the plane in aerial combat with a brief history of the aircraft beneath. A great memento of two desperate battles a world apart.

Lot: 888 - GERMAN CIVILIAN GAS MASK

GERMAN CIVILIAN GAS MASK Uncommon German civilian gas mask, green rubber mask with both mask and filter stamped with a waffenamt, in nondescript fitted box with the pencil name of the German owner on top lid. Very good.

Lot: 889 - GERMAN ISSUED BROWNING 'HI-POWER' 9MM WITH HOLSTER

GERMAN ISSUED BROWNING 'HI-POWER' 9MM WITH HOLSTER Fine example of the Belgian made Browning 'Hi-Power' 9mm. pistol, originally manufactured for the French military based on a design by American firearms inventor John Browning. The single action pistol has a 4.7 in. barrel, serial no. 188529 present on all parts, manufactured by 'Fabrique Nationale D'Armes de Guerre' in Herstal, Belgium. Wooden grip fastened to the handle by two screws. The hammer, magazine ejector, and safety catch are all functional. The slide and barrel are both engraved with a small German national eagle, indicating that it was assembled during the German occupation of Belgium from 1940-45. German authorities would inspect each firearm made by the Belgian factory, and mark with the national eagle as a stamp of approval before being issued to German forces. Accompanied by an original leather holster which holds one additional magazine.

Lot: 890 - GERMAN OLYMPIC BELL SIGNED ENGRAVING

Original signed engraving of the Olympic Bell, cast for and used at the 1936 Berlin Olympics, 9.25 x 12.75 in. (sight). The image depicts the bell pealing before five flagpoles flying the official Olympic Games flag. The engraving is signed by the artist, ERNST ZIPPERER (1888-1982), German painter and print-maker known at the time for his Berlin city views. Light, even toning, else fine, matted and framed.

Lot: 891 - GERMAN WORLD WAR II TOY SOLDIERS (20)

GERMAN WORLD WAR II TOY SOLDIERS (20) A great collection of World War II era German toy soldier figurines. The lot is mixed in terms of makers including Shuss, Elastolin, Lineol, with many that are unmarked. The figures are in standing, laying, and crouching poses with some holding weapons or flags. Conditions vary, some have pieces or parts missing, but mostly good.

Lot: 892 - MINATURE HITLER PARODY ASH CUP

MINATURE HITLER PARODY ASH CUP A small ash cup with orange and blue rims, measuring roughly 2 x 1.5 x 1 in. with a small handle, featuring in the bowl a caricatured illustration of Adolf Hitler. The body of the cup features the captions 'Flip your ashes on old nasty [swastika]...The violation of Poland', and 'Gest-a-Po, followed by an iron cross.' The bottom is marked 'Fieldings, Made in England.' Some markings slightly faded, else fine.

Lot: 893 - WAFFEN-SS RECRUITMENT SIGN (REPRODUCTION)

WAFFEN-SS RECRUITMENT SIGN (REPRODUCTION) A likely reproduction example of a black enameled metal street sign for recruitment into the Waffen--SS, the armed branch of the Nazi paramilitary organization. The 5.25 x 6 in. plaque features a downward facing sword, two SS runes, and in orange letters 'Dich ruft die' ('She calls you'). Four holes present, one at each corner. Light oxidation on the verso and around the holes, else fine.

Lot: 894 - GOLD-ETCHED RED 1936 OLYMPICS GLASS

GOLD-ETCHED RED 1936 OLYMPICS GLASS Beautifully decorated heavy-weight red glass beer glass, made to commemorate the 1936 Berlin Summer Olympics. The ribbed glass is heavily and deeply engraved, with one side depicting the Olympic Bell above 'Olympia 1936', the other side bearing a depiction of Munich's Frauenkirche (The Cathedral of Our Lady) above the city's name 'Munchen'. Both engravings have been gilded, as has the top rim of the glass. The bottom of the glass bears an engraved mobile swastika surrounded by a laurel wreath - the same design used to mark silverware and glass used at Hitler's favorite Nuremberg hotel, the Deutscher Hof. One could speculate this glass was one of a set commemorating German cities, used or sold at the famous Nuremberg landmark. Fine condition.

Lot: 895 - HIROSHIMA HOTEL ADVERTISING TEA TOWEL

HIROSHIMA HOTEL ADVERTISING TEA TOWEL A ca. 1950s promotional tea towel or table throw from the now defunct Hotel Tokyo in Hiroshima, an image of the hotel's modern facade, shown besides the ruins of the Hiroshima Prefectural Industrial Promotion Hall, the most symbolic and notable of the ruins in the city resulting from the atomic bombing of August 6, 1945. Some stains and ragged edges only add to the meaning of this ironic memento.

Lot: 896 - JAPANESE ARMY CANVAS SADDLEBAG

JAPANESE ARMY CANVAS SADDLEBAG A conjoined pair of canvas saddle bags used by the cavalry of the Japanese Army during World War II, each roughly 14 x 15 in., with leather straps and metal buckles and a drawstring threaded through the opening of the bags. The interior of one bag is stamped with Japanese characters. Lightly worn with a few scattered stains, else condition.

Lot: 897 - JAPANESE MORTAR ROUND FROM BATTLE OF KWAJALEIN

JAPANESE MORTAR ROUND FROM BATTLE OF KWAJALEIN Japanese mortar round from the Battle of Kwajalein. Warhead with brass bottom ring (removable), brass top fuse, red top line and yellow line at center. Japanese characters and numbers appear on the black painted body. 5.75 in. tall. Found on Kwajalein Island, scene of a major invasion by the 7th U.S. Army Division, by our consignor in the 1970s and with his letter of provenance.

Lot: 898 - JAPANESE NAVAL DAGGER FROM BATTLE OF OKINAWA

JAPANESE NAVAL DAGGER FROM BATTLE OF OKINAWA Ornate Japanese dirk, 10.125 in. blade (including habaki stop), 14.5 in. overall, with scabbard, near certainly carried by a Japanese sailor during the Battle of Okinawa. The piece has a tan shark skin handle with a chrysanthemum on alternate ends, wrapped in a partial brass wire. The blade is in good condition, though bears some surface abrasion from age, most notably towards the tip. The scabbard is wrapped in black sting ray skin with brass fittings, with floral adornments on each fitting and a locking button near the crossguard. Regrettably, the handle bears a vertical split in the leather, and some remnants of adhered red felt from a display case are present near the pommel end. Still a very rare and desirable Japanese dagger. Found in the jungles of Okinawa by our consigner, a 40+ year collector, in the early 1970s, close to what is now the Kadena Air Base. Sold with his letter of provenance.

Lot: 899 - JAPANESE SHELL FUSE FROM KWAJALEIN

JAPANESE SHELL FUSE FROM KWAJALEIN Japanese timed naval shell fuse with naval anchor symbol, specifically a Mark 18 time fuse. Top fuse with graduated numbers, gears with protective band, threaded bottom. Marked: '1-56103 15-5', 3 in. tall. Found on Kwajalein Island, scene of a major invasion by the 7th U.S. Army Division, by our consignor in the 1970s and with his letter of provenance.

Lot: 900 - JAPANESE SHELL FUSE FROM KWAJALEIN

JAPANESE SHELL FUSE FROM KWAJALEIN Japanese timed naval shell fuse with naval anchor symbol, stainless steel with a domed top. Calibrated top ring, the bottom ring with Japanese characters and letters 'CRM'. Threaded bottom with original paper protector inside. Found on Kwajalein Island, scene of a major invasion by the 7th U.S. Army Division, by our consignor in the 1970s and with his letter of provenance.

Lot: 901 - JAPANESE SHRAPNEL FUSE FROM BATTLE OF KWAJALEIN

JAPANESE SHRAPNEL FUSE FROM BATTLE OF KWAJALEIN Japanese 75 mm. shrapnel fuse, brass with threaded bottom and domed top, a combination time and impact fuse ca. 1928, 2.5 in. tall. Found on Roi-Namur Island in the 1970s by our consignor and sold with his letter of provenance. Roi-Namur was attacked by the 4th Marine Division during the Battle of Kwajalein.

Lot: 902 - JAPANESE SOLDIER'S PERSONAL EQUIPMENT

Great lot of Japanese medals, equipment, and personal items. Including, the period green cotton ditty bag, 8.5 x 12.5 in., closed by a pull-string at top, bearing printed Japanese kanji at both sides, containing; a white cotton flag 34 x 13.5 in., bearing printed black and blue Japanese characters and a printed orange star at center and untranslated by us; a leather pouch 5 x 7 x 1 in., closed by a strap flap at the top. Within the leather pouch: one Japanese Red Cross medal, two cased medals: one 'Order of the Rising Sun', Eighth Class, and one 1937-45 China Incident War Medal. Pouch also contains a package of cigarettes and a small tobacco pipe. Also included, two cotton straps appox. 80 x 3.25 in., each with an additional 41.5 in. strap stitched to one end for tying around the body. Nine (9) pieces total.

Lot: 903 - LUFTWAFFE TEACUP AND PLATE

LUFTWAFFE TEACUP AND PLATE A fine white porcelain tea cup and plate both bearing the symbol of the Luftwaffe 'Flieger Unterkunft Verwaltung' ('Flight Barrack Administration') the agency responsible for the accommodations of Luftwaffe personnel. The cup is 2.5 in. tall with a 3 in. diameter, 1 in. handle, bottom bearing a 'Bauscher Weiden' porcelain makers mark, dated 1941. The plate is 5.5 in. diameter, bottom bearing a 'Hutschenreuther' mark and dated 1938. Both bear some light stains, but overall fine.

Lot: 904 - NAZI FUNERAL SASH

NAZI FUNERAL SASH A Third Reich funeral sash constructed of red rayon, 34 in. long, with silver tassels at the ends and two sewn patches on each side, one a swastika and the other an Iron Cross. Some stitching is torn at the intersection of the two sides, light stains.

Lot: 905 - NAZI LICENCE PLATE TAG

NAZI LICENCE PLATE TAG Circular red-painted aluminum license tag, 1.5 in. diameter, displaying a Reichsadler with swastika and reading about the rim: 'der Oberburgermeister Reichspolizeibehorde Bonn' This tag would have been riveted to a license plate for identification purposes. Very good.

Lot: 906 - NAZI SHOT GLASS

NAZI SHOT GLASS A small crystal shot glass featuring a monogram of a Nazi national eagle, possibly originating from a German hotel. The glass is 2.5 in. tall, 1.75 in. across at the top and base. No marks or cracks present. Very fine condition.

Lot: 907 - NAZI SHOT GLASS

NAZI SHOT GLASS A small crystal shot glass featuring a monogram of a Nazi national eagle, possibly originating from a German hotel. The glass is 2.5 in. tall, 1.75 in. across at the top and base. No marks or cracks present. Very fine condition.

Lot: 908 - NSDAP HOTEL CREAMER PITCHER

NSDAP HOTEL CREAMER PITCHER A fine porcelain pitcher bearing a green triangle shaped emblem with an Iron Cross, 5.25 in. tall, 2.5 in. across at the top, a 3 x 1 in. handle, and 2 x 1 in. spout. The bottom features a green stamp 'DRP' and marked 'Th. Wessel, Hotel Einrichtungen, Berlin.' A few small areas of discoloration but otherwise no dents or scratches. Accompanied by a non-original lid. Fine condition.

Lot: 909 - NSDAP PORCELAIN ENAMELED SIGN

NSDAP PORCELAIN ENAMELED SIGN Porcelain enamel sign for the N.S.D.A.P., measuring 16 x 13 in., often displayed on NSDAP Headquarters or other party buildings. The iron sign bears raised lettering and has a pronounced convex shape. It features the first pattern Reichs Adler national symbol, as well as the acronym 'NSDAP' in gothic script. Very good, with minor chips and abrasions,the corners showing the typical age rust and enamel chipping to the attachment points, with some oxidation and loss to upper top edge.

Lot: 910 - NUREMBERG REICHSPARTEITAGE DISH

NUREMBERG REICHSPARTEITAGE DISH An aluminum dish, roughly 8 in. square with a 1 in. deep bowl, featuring a pattern around the rim, stamped at the center with a relief of a city surrounded by the words 'Nuremberg Stadt Der Reichparteitage.' No other marks present. Moderately discolored, else fine.

Lot: 911 - NUREMBERG TABLE MEDAL

NUREMBERG TABLE MEDAL Gilded fired clay table medal, 2 in. diameter, displays a gilt eagle regarding the city of Nuremberg from its perch atop a mobile swastika. The gilt center is surrounded by lettering in relief: 'DEUTSCHE KAMPFSPIELE NURNBERG 1934' Stamped on verso by maker Heutschenreuther, Bavaria. Very good.

Lot: 912 - OMAHA BEACH 'DUG' BULLETS, SHRAPNEL, OTHER RELICS

OMAHA BEACH 'DUG' BULLETS, SHRAPNEL, OTHER RELICS A fine selection of about seven items dug from the Omaha Beach and battleground immediately adjacent thereto, including spent and bent bullets, pieces of shrapnel or artillery fuses, etc., all of which would make a nice historic display. According to a note of provenance which accompanied these relics were part of a larger group of relics dug in the same location and were obtained by us from the actual digger. The printed note states that they were: '...found in 1978 around Omaha Beach in Normandy, France'.

Lot: 913 - OMAHA BEACH 'DUG' BULLETS, SHRAPNEL, OTHER RELICS

OMAHA BEACH 'DUG' BULLETS, SHRAPNEL, OTHER RELICS A fine selection of about seven items dug from the Omaha Beach and battelground immediately adjacent thereto, including spent and bent bullets, pieces of shrapnel or artillery fuses, etc., all of which would make a nice historic display. According to a note of provenance which accompanied these relics were part of a larger group of relics dug in the same location and were obtained by us from the actual digger. The printed note states that they were: '...found in 1978 around Omaha Beach in Normandy, France'.

Lot: 914 - OMAHA BEACH 'DUG' IRON CROSS, FIRST CLASS

OMAHA BEACH 'DUG' IRON CROSS, FIRST CLASS An important relic dug in the immediate vicinity of Omaha Beach in Normandy, an Iron Cross, 1st Class, now in two parts having delaminated. According to a note of provenance which accompanied this piece among a larger group of relics from the same location and obtained from the actual digger, this piece was '...found in 1978 around Omaha Beach in Normandy, France'. Sold with two bullets from the same relic display. A great memento of a horrific engagement.

Lot: 915 - PEARL HARBOR B-17 'NAUGHTY BUT NICE' CRASH RELIC

PEARL HARBOR B-17 'NAUGHTY BUT NICE' CRASH RELIC A fine relic from the famous B-17E 'Naughty But Nice', a 2 x 1.5 in. section of aluminum "skin" from the fuselage of the aircraft, still bearing original green paint. The relic is mounted to the plexiglass cover of an artwork depicting the aircraft flying near a mountainous island, about to be 'jumped' by a Japanese Zero in the background, and bears a history of the bomber. Framed in black-finished wood, a fine relic presentation. 'Naughty But Nice' was one of a handful of B-17s that found themselves on December 7, 1941 arriving over Oahu as the Japanese attack was well underway. She landed safely (unlike some of the other B-17s), and was hurriedly camouflaged and then sent out to locate the Japanese fleet. She fought at the battle of the Bismarck Sea, where the aircraft was heavily shot-up, and on June 26, 1943 she was shot down over Rabaul by a Japanese night fighter. Only the navigator escaped alive, and in 1981 returned to the island and located the wreck of his old aircraft. This is part of that wreck.

Lot: 916 - PHOTO ALBUM RECOVERED FROM THE FUHRERBUNKER

PHOTO ALBUM RECOVERED FROM THE FUHRERBUNKER A truly one of a kind red leather photo album that was once the property of a Hitler's stenographer, Gerhard Herrgesell. He was responsible for recording Hitler's most important meetings as early as 1942 and was present in the Fuhrerbunker during the last conference of the Nazi leaders as the Russians closed in on the city of Berlin. In the early stages of the war, Herrgesell worked as a war correspondent. The 14 x 10 in. album features his name on the inside front cover and the title '3 years of Gypsy life with the III KGzbV.1 (A Luftwaffe transport unit) and OBS Hoh. Nafu. ('News leader')' The album contains approx. 300 period photographs, varying sizes, b/w, detailing his travels with the unit and arranged in chronological order. The album opens with the invasions of Poland, Norway and France showing German soldiers, aerial images, and notable landmarks such as Versailles, the Eiffel Tower, and Norwegian fjords. High ranking Nazis including Hermann Goering, Joseph Goebbels, and Joachim von Ribbentrop can be seen. It then moves on to include views of the Alps, Northern Italy, Albania, and Pompei, with a few photos featuring Benito Mussolini and action shots of an erupting Mt. Vesuvius. Herrgesell then travelled through Italy, Sicily, North Africa, and finally Crete. Most pages have handwritten captions in German around the photos explaining their context, to which a later owner of the album added English translations. Condition of the photos vary but mostly fine. The red leather album is slightly worn with a few tears to the bindings and covers but overall good. This album was consigned to us by the son of an American tank commander stationed near the Fuhrerbunker at the conclusion of the war. Per his own testimony, the commander was chosen along with one other to drive Jeeps to the bunker and remove material being confiscated by the Americans. Once there, the general in charge allowed each man to take one item from the inventory as a souvenir, and this album was his choice. Herrgesell's account of Hitler's final hours was featured in a Time Magazine article just after the war's conclusion. . A few notable excerpts from it read, in part: '... At this briefing Adolf Hitler declared that he wanted to die in Berlin. He repeated this 10 or 20 times in various phrases. He would say: 'I will fall here' or 'I will fall before the Chancellery' or 'I must die here in Berlin.' He reasoned that the cause was irretrievably lost, in complete contrast to his previous attitude, which had always been: 'We will fight to the last tip of the German Reich.' "What reasons motivated his change of heart no one knows. He expressed the fact that his confidence was shaken. He had lost confidence in the Wehrmacht quite a while ago, saying that he had not gotten true reports, that bad news had been withheld from him...' A fine relic from the Reichstag.

Lot: 917 - REICHS SPORTS LEADER MEDAL 'FOR OUTSTANDING ACHIEVEMENT

Scarce award issued directly by Reichs Sports Leader Hans von Tschammer und Osten to recognize outstanding contributions to the realm of sport. The bronze table medal, 2 in. dia., bears his portrait and surname on one side, and bears the script on the reverse: 'In Anerkennung einer hervorragenden Leistung. Gegeben vom Reichssportfuhrer' ('In recognition of an outstanding achievement. Awarded by the National Sports Leader'). Maker marked 'L. CHR. LAUER, NUERNBERG' near the bottom. Very good. Encapsulated in a clear plastic case.

Lot: 918 - RELICS FROM KWAJALEIN ATOLL

RELICS FROM KWAJALEIN ATOLL Large grouping of relics recovered from Kwajalein Atoll, most found on the beaches by our consignor ca. 1960. Included are .50 cal bullets, U.S. 20mm. casings, a fuse for a Japanese mortar, etc. 21 pieces in all. With consignor's letter of provenance. Kwajalein was the site of a major invasion by the 7th U.S. Army Division - 8,000 Japanese were killed, with less than 200 taken prisoner.

Lot: 919 - SCHLEISSHEIM LUFTWAFFE AIRFIELD PLATTER

Presentation silver-plated platter from the Luftwaffe air base at Schleissheim, 12 x 9.25 in. with a fluted, scalloped edge. The center is engraved (in German): 'Officer Corps of the Air Base Schleisshem 13.5.35 - 15.3.39'. Simply hallmarked: "MAARTIN'. Most likely presented to an outgoing officer or non-com. The field was used to launch day and night fighters after 1943, and also house an aeronautical engineering facility.

Lot: 920 - SEIG HEIL! PILLOW

Elaborately embroidered white cotton pillow, approx. 19 x 14 in., one side bearing an image of a young S.A. 'Brownshirt' in uniform holding a large, red NSDAP banner with mobile swastika. At right appears the motto 'Sieg Heil!' in decorative red stitching. The reverse of the pillow bears some slight soiling or discoloration, the embroidered side is in excellent condition.

Lot: 921 - SHERMAN TANK GUN SIGHT

SHERMAN TANK GUN SIGHT U.S. M4 Sherman M77C sight, used condition, undated, used and in very good condition. Optics remain very good. Great for display or retrofitting to your Sherman tank!

Lot: 922 - SS MEDICAL CASE

SS MEDICAL CASE Rarely seen SS medical case, most likely carried in an official vehicle. The case is constructed of a very sturdy compressed cardboard with properties not unlike leather, the corners reinforced and riveted. It is fitted with a simple swiveling handle and non-locking hasp closure. Overall dimensions 10.5 x 8.5 x 2.75 in. The exterior of the case is painted a medium brown with white lettering: 'SS-Fahrbereitschaft', above a red cross in a circular white field. Within, the case is bears a diamond-patterned lining. It still contains a sealed packet of linen bandages and two rolled bandages, all marked with 'Deutsches Rotes Kreuz', an opened bandage, scissors sealed in glassine, and a disc whose purpose is unknown.

Lot: 923 - SS OFFICER'S TABLE LAMP

SS OFFICER'S TABLE LAMP An especially rare World War II relic, a black table lamp decorated with the addition of SS runes around the shade support, likely owned by an officer. The hexagonal base has a 6.5 in. dia., the shade 16.5 in. dia. and 3.5 in. thick, while the lamp stands 20 in. tall overall. SS runes are welded at four places upon the shade. Re-wired for western use. On the bottom of the base is a stamp bearing the name of the ‘Reich Security Main Office' and the number '98.' Age chipping to the black paint throughout. Overall good.

Lot: 924 - SWASTIKA-BEARING FRAGMENT FROM THE BERGHOF'S REAR GATE

An excessively rare relic, a large decorative iron fragment taken from the rear gate of Hitler's Berghof home by an American GI, then turned into a display. The oak leaf-shaped fragment bears a large affixed swastika at the center, and the reverse bears two horizontal cylinders with two threaded screws, certainly devices to secure the piece to wires or fencing. The fragment has been secured to a 6.5 x 10 in. brown base via a screw at the top and bottom portions. Beneath the fragment is an engraved plaque from a father to his son, indicating the piece is 'one of my souvenirs from Hitler's Berghof...a piece of the wrought iron gate at the back of his house in May of 1945...Dad...' The bottom of the base bears some strips of green felt to protect the desk piece from scratching the table's surface. Some light oxidation throughout, else fine.

Lot: 925 - THIRD REICH RAILROAD LAMP

A nice piece of 'railroadiana', a Third Reich-era railroad lantern from the J.C. Giessing company of Nurnberg, dated 1940 at top. The reverse side bears the emblem of the Deutsche Reichsbahn - a German national eagle with the initials 'DR'. The piece has been painted a brass color. Light wear from use and age, else very good.

Lot: 926 - U.S. 62ND CAVALRY BOOKENDS

Great pair of custom bookends made for a member of the 62nd U.S. Army Cavalry Division, an organized reserve division that was largely called up for duty during World War II, 4 x 4 x 4 in., constructed of painted wood, a hinged metal handle, and fastened by a metal chain link cord at the front. The face of each end bears an affixed patch of the 62nd Cavalry below two crossed swords. Both are slightly worn with some oxidation on metal parts

Lot: 927 - UNIFORM, MAP AND MEDAL GROUPING OF IWO JIMA AVIATOR AND USS BISMARCK SURVIVOR

UNIFORM, MAP AND MEDAL GROUPING OF IWO JIMA AVIATOR AND USS BISMARCK SURVIVOR An excellent grouping of material from U.S. Navy Aviation Machinist's Mate, First Class and Torpedo Bomber Gunner REGINALD H. FISCHER (1924-2021) who survived the sinking of the escort carrier CVE-95 USS BISMARCK SEA. After having escorted trans-Pacific convoys and operating in the Leyte Gulf, on Feb. 16, 1945 BISMARCK SEA arrived off Iwo Jima in support of the massive landings that would begin on the island a few days later. On Feb. 21, 1945, she sank off of Iwo Jima following two Japanese kamikaze attacks, killing 318 crewmen. Notably, she was the last aircraft carrier in U.S. service to sink due to enemy action. A newspaper interview shortly thereafter recounts Fischer's escape from death: '...'I had just returned from my last flight over Iwo Jima when the ship was hit...I was in the ready room when the first explosion came and was knocked down...most of the ship seemed in flames'...When the order to abandon ship was given, Fischer jumped 40 feet over the side into the icy sea. He was inflating his life belt when a small boat fell from the carrier above him fell and hit his shoulder, breaking his collar bone...He found an empty life raft a few minutes later...other swimmers joined him...Jap planes came over, strafing the water...'I think the worst thing...was to hear men calling for help in the darkness and to be unable to aid them. We knew some of our friends must be drowning.'...' Included in this lot are two inflatable two-chamber life belts, possibly used by Fischer and/or others in the escape from the BISMARCK SEA; a heavily-used 'Mae West' type inflatable life vest typically worn by aviators; Navy in a yellow 'Mae West' life vest, heavily used; Fischer's black gabardine Navy dress jacket and trousers, post-war (he served 40 years in the Navy Reserve), with nine overseas stripes on the sleeve; a pair of lace-up gaiters; Fischer's personal, named Navy ditty bag; a smaller green bag, three of his white cloth Machinist Mate shoulder patches, two white canvas duffel bags which likely held some of his gear on Ulithi while Fischer was at sea and at Iwo Jima, and five caps Fischer wore as a veteran. Also present is an album containing reprints of news articles on Fischer, photographs, his obituary, etc.

Lot: 928 - WRECKAGE RELIC OF OTTO BACH'S FW-190 A-9

WRECKAGE RELIC OF OTTO BACH'S FW-190 A-9 OTTO RUDOLPH BACH (1914-1944) German Luftwaffe pilot, Staffelkapitän of 7./JG1, recipient of the German Cross in Gold and Iron Cross, 1st Class. Killed on Nov. 26, 1944 in a failed attack on large formations of 1,137 bombers escorted by 700 fighters over the Ruhr area, He was shot down by a P-52 Mustang. Fine relic taken from the wreckage of Bach's FW-190 A-9 a 3 x 1.5 in. section of aluminum fuselage with rivet hole, some original paint still present. The relic is affixed to plexiglass covering a fine artist's rendering of the aircraft and a photo of Bach, all set into a black wood frame, 13 x 10.5 in. overall. Fine.

Lot: 929 - (BATTLE OF BRITAIN) KEITH PARK

(BATTLE OF BRITAIN) KEITH PARK (1892-1975) New Zealand-born RAF Air Marshal during World War II, organized fighter patrols over France during the Dunkirk evacuation and was charged with the defense of London during the Battle of Britain. While Sir Hugh Dowding controlled the Battle from day to day, it was Keith Park who controlled it hour by hour. After the war, Chief of the Air Staff Arthur Tedder said of Park: 'If any one man won the Battle of Britain, he did.' Very rare World War I-date D.S. as Commander of the 48 Squadron, 1p. large 4to., [France].

Lot: 930 - (BATTLE OF BRITAIN) SHOLTO DOUGLAS

(BATTLE OF BRITAIN) SHOLTO DOUGLAS (1893 - 1969) Marshall of the R.A.F. After serving as a squadron commander during the First World War, he became Director of Staff Duties and then Assistant Chief of the Air Staff at the Air Ministry. During World War II, he served as Air Officer Commanding-in-Chief of Fighter Command and Air Officer Commanding in Chief of RAF Middle East Command where he advocated Operation Accolade, a planned British amphibious assault on Rhodes and the Dodecanese Islands in the Aegean Sea. Very rare World War I-date D.S. as Commanding Major of 84 Squadron, 1p. large 4to., [France], May 19, 1918, a 'Combats in the Air' report documenting an engagement with a German observation balloon by British aces Edward Pennell (1894-1974), and A. B. Proctor (1894-1921). In part: '...While on an offensive patrol I noticed a German balloon s. of LA PERE at about 8,000 ft. I flew round into the sun and dived on it from about 10,000 ft. opening fire with Vickers and Lewis...I could see the Buckingham entering the balloon but it refused to catch fire. The observer was seen by me and also by Lieut. Proctor, to jump out in a parachute. There is no doubt that the balloon was hit as I fired about 200 rounds and so did Lieut. Proctor...The balloon when last seen was descending rather quickly but not on fire...signed E.R. Pennell, Captain' Signed by Douglas at the conclusion. File holes to the left margin, else fine condition.

Lot: 931 - CHARLES P. SUMMERALL

CHARLES P. SUMMERALL (1867 – 1955) American major general who commanded the 1st Infantry Division in World War I, was Chief of Staff of the United States Army from 1926 and 1930. S.P., 5.5 x 9 in. b/w, a fine half-length pose in uniform, boldly signed at bottom adding rank: 'Maj. Gen. Comdg. 5th Corps' Fine. Summerall commanded the 5th Corps during World War I.

Lot: 932 - EMILE FAYOLLE

EMILE FAYOLLE (1852 – 1928) Marshal of France, French general fighting with great distinction during World War I and a diplomat. Fayolle succeeded Pétain in command of the 33rd Corpslater commanding the Sixth Army, which he led at the Somme. Fayolle is credited with successfully using a combination of artillery resources and infantry tactics to push the Germans back across an 8-mile (12.87 km) long segment of his front. Fayolle was later put in command of the Army Group Center. A.L.S. on his personal marshal's letterhead, 2pp. 8vo., Paris, June 9, 1925 to a friend. The marshal has just read the speech given by his correspondent at the reception of Belgian literati and '...the touching and delicate homage paid to Queen Elisabeth ...' He regretted all the more not to be there, being kept in bed following a 'peccadillus of nothing at all', a simple upset of his digestion. Fine.

Lot: 933 - FELIX LUCKNER

FELIX LUCKNER (1881 - 1966) German naval officer of World War I called 'The Sea Devil', much feared for his bold attacks upon Allied shipping. Fine I.S.P. (sight), 10 x 14.5 in., b/w, a chest up seated pose while signing a book, with inscriptions in the top left and bottom that read: 'Ships may sink, the manners of good friends, never!...To my old friend Dr. Dale Osborne with a shipload of good wishes from the Sea Devil. Cincinnati, December 3, 1957' Matted and framed. Very fine.

Lot: 934 - FREDERICK MCCALL

FREDERICK MCCALL (1896 - 1949) Canadian World War I flying ace credited with 35 confirmed victories. War date D.S., 'F.R. McCall', 1p. 4to, France, May 30, 1918, an official 'Combats in the Air' report. In part: '...I dived on an E[nemy] A[ircraft] 2-seater at about 5,000 ft over Fournes-En-Weppes firing a long burst from both guns at about 50 yards range. The observer opened fire on me but collapsed in cockpit when I fired. E.A. went down in a vertical drive completely out of control. When last seen E. A. was still going down over Beaucamp, but I did not see it crash as I was then dived on by some E. A. Scouts'. Cosigned by GEOFFERY H. BOWMAN (1891-1970), a British fighter ace of World War I, later a Group Captain. This document relates to McCall's sixth victory. File holes to the left margin, lightly toned else fine.

Lot: 935 - FRIEDRICH VON BERNHARDI

(1849 - 1930) Prussian general and military historian to World War I. A militarist, he described war as a 'divine business' and proposed that Germany should pursue an aggressive stance and ignore treaties. War-date A.L.S., 2pp. 8vo., 'General Command', Posen, Apr. 9, 1915, in German. Not translated. Fine condition.

Lot: 936 - GEORGE EDWARD MCELROY

GEORGE EDWARD MCELROY GEORGE EDWARD MCELROY MC & Two Bars, DFC & Bar (1893 – 1918) Leading Irish-born fighter pilot of the Royal Flying Corps and Royal Air Force during World War I, credited with 47 kills. An extremely aggressive dog-fighter who ignored often overwhelming odds, McElroy's score grew rapidly. On 31 July 1918, he reported destroying a Hannover C for his 47th victory. He then set out again. He failed to return from this flight and was posted missing. Later it was learned that McElroy had been killed by ground fire. He was 25 years old.

Lot: 937 - JAMES MCCUDDEN

JAMES MCCUDDEN (1895 - 1918) English flying ace of World War I and among the most highly decorated airmen in British military history. On July 9, 1918, McCudden was killed in a flying accident when his aircraft crashed following an engine failure. At his death he had achieved 57 aerial victories. Just under two-thirds of his victims can be identified by name since a substantial proportion of his 'kills' were made over Allied-held territory. Very rare and fine content war-date D.S. 'J.B. McCudden', 1p. 4to., [n.p.], December 29, 1917, an official 'Combats in the Air' report detailing one of his victories. In part: '...Left aerodrome at 9 a.m. and crossed the lines E of Gouzeaucourt at 9.45 at 14,000. Saw 3 E.A. [Enemy Aircrafts] two seaters coming W. I dived on those followed by my patrol and drove an L.V.G. down from 13,500 to the ground, when E.A. made a pretense of landing in our lines, but put his engine on again and made it...I fired another burst into him and then he got into a flat spin and crashed...' File holes to the left margin, a few scattered stains.

Lot: 938 - JOHN J. PERSHING

JOHN J. PERSHING (1860 - 1948) American general, nicknamed 'Black Jack', Pershing commanded troops sent to capture Pancho Villa, and later was Commander in Chief of all American forces in Europe in World War I. Pershing was the only American to be promoted in his lifetime to General of the Armies, the highest attainable rank in the U.S. Army. T.L.S. on official letterhead, 1p. 8vo., Washington D.C., September 25, 1923, to an individual thanking him for sending birthday wishes. Fine condition.

Lot: 939 - JOSEPH JOFFRE

(1852 - 1931) French general, Commander in Chief of the French Army from 1914-1916, famous for his defeat of the Germans at the first Battle of the Marne and for his hand in constructing the Maginot Line. Two unsigned photographs, 3.5 x 5.5 in., b/w, both bearing the same image of a seated Joffre with his wife, bearing dedications in English on the versos written by his wife. Both fine

Lot: 940 - KARL LITZMANN

KARL LITZMANN (1850 - 1936) German World War I general who later became a member of the Nazi Party and the SA. Known as 'the Lion of Brzeziny' for his famous victory at the Battle of Lodz, after which he was awarded the prestigious Pour le Merite. Vintage S.P., 5.5 x 3.5 in., b/w, a chest, up pose in civilian attire, signed across his chest. Fine condition.

Lot: 941 - SIEGFRIED GRAF ZU EULENBURG-WICKEN

SIEGFRIED GRAF ZU EULENBURG-WICKEN (1870 - 1961) German regimental commander of World War I, awarded the Pour la Merite, wounded five times in battle and became the most highly decorated German regimental commander of the war. War-date A.N.S. signed twice, 1p. 3.5 x 5.5 in., [n.p.], Jan. 2, 1916, a 'feldpostkarte' sent to a man in Berlin. Untranslated and unresearched, appearing to send thanks and mentioning 'Deutschland'. Signed once at the conclusion, then again in the return address on the verso. Very good.

Lot: 942 - WILHELM SOUCHON

WILHELM SOUCHON (1864 - 1946) German admiral in World War I, Pour le Merite recipient, commanded Mediterranean squadron, played a major part in the defeat of the Ottoman Empire into World War I. Scarce S.P., 3.5 x 5.5 in., b/w, illustration of a chest up pose in uniform, signed across his chest. Fine condition.

Lot: 943 - WILLIAM 'BILLY' BISHOP

WILLIAM 'BILLY' BISHOP (1894 - 1956) Canadian aviator of World War I, officially credited with bringing down 72 enemy aircraft. However, Bishop often flew alone and today many of his supposed 'kills" are disputed. S.P. 'W.A. Bishop' on a page from 'The People's War Book', 7 x 10 in., depicting Bishop in uniform . Lightly toned, else fine.

Lot: 944 - WILLIAM G. CLAXTON

WILLIAM G. CLAXTON (1899 - 1967) Canadian World War I flying ace credited with 37 victories. He became the leading ace of RAF 41 Squadron until his capture following a vicious dogfight against 20:1 opposition. Also signed by Squadron Leader GEOFFREY HILTON 'BEERY' BOWMAN (1891–1970), English ace credited with 32 victories. After attaining the rank of major in the Royal Flying Corps, he later became a group captain in the Royal Air Force.

Lot: 945 - WILLIAM G. CLAXTON

WILLIAM G. CLAXTON (1899 - 1967) Canadian World War I flying ace credited with 37 victories. He became the leading ace of RAF 41 Squadron until his capture following a vicious dogfight against 20:1 opposition. Scarce war-date 'Combats in the Air' battle report, 1p. large 8vo., August 9, 1918, recorded his 33rd 'kill' near the French commune of Estrees at an altitude of 3,000 feet. In part: 'While on C.P. at 4-25pm., our patrol of 4 S.E's attacked 5 E.A., Fokker Biplanes...I fired two bursts at 1 E.A., which immediately burst into flames and crashed...I fired at two other E.A. without effect...Later at 4-40pm I was attacked by 9 Fokkers near Perone...Lewis gun broke so I returned'. Signed at the conclusion in black ink. An unidentified individual applies a holograph addition at the lower-left corner, adding: 'I consider this E.A. destroyed'. Light chipping to the right edge, else very good.

Lot: 946 - WORLD WAR I ACES

WORLD WAR I ACES A very fine hardcover copy of 'They Fought for the Sky' by Quentin Reynolds (1902-1965), (Toronto: Clark Irwin and Co), 1957, approx. 300pp. 8vo., detailing the history of the America's air forces in World War I. Interestingly signed on the first two pages by 22 pilots who served in the Great War. Notable signatures include REED M. CHAMBERS, SUMNER SEWALL, BOGART ROGERS, GEORGE A. VAUGN JR., CHARLES R. D'OLIVE, and more. Accompanied by original lightly worn dust jacket. Fine condition.

Lot: 947 - WORLD WAR I GERMAN SHARPSHOOTER SOLDBUCH

WORLD WAR I GERMAN SHARPSHOOTER SOLDBUCH A heavily worn German soldier's identity book, a 'soldbuch' issued to 'Schartschutzen' ('sharpshooter') Josef Roach on March 30, 1915. His personal information and service history is present on the first few pages but his photograph is absent. Roach was trained in Wurttemberg and served in the 53rd Westphalian infantry, a part of the VII German Army Corps, and saw action at the battles of First Marne and First Ypres. Accompanied by two associated medals, a black wound badge, and an Iron Cross, First Class. Soldbuch is heavily worn with loose pages, chipping, and toning. Although sharpshooters existed on both sides, the Germans specially equipped some of their soldiers with scoped rifles that could pick off enemies who showed their heads out of the trenches. At first the French and British believed such killings to be coincidental, until the German sniper rifles were discovered. During World War I, the German army gained a reputation for the deadliness and efficiency of its snipers, partly because of the high-quality lenses that German industry manufactured, but also the rigorous training their sharpshooters underwent.

Lot: 948 - 'BILLY' BISHOP FLIES ALONE AND GETS A 'KILL'

'BILLY' BISHOP FLIES ALONE AND GETS A 'KILL' WILLIAM A. 'BILLY' BISHOP (1894-1956) Canadian aviator of World War I, officially credited with bringing down 72 enemy aircraft. However, Bishop often flew alone and today many of his supposed 'kills" are disputed. Historians including Hugh Halliday and Brereton Greenhous (both of whom were official historians for the Royal Canadian Air Force) suggested that the actual total was far lower. Greenhous felt the actual total of enemy aircraft destroyed was only 27. Fine content war-date typed D.S. signed by one 'H. W. Guy Lt.' for the major commanding No. 60 Squadron, a combat report submitted by Bishop (not signed) for action on June 8, 1917 while flying his Nieuport Scout. Bishop mentions that he has encountered 'Albatross Scouts and two-seaters', and reports on four encounters within 37 minutes. In the third battle, he describes jumping six scouts: '...I got on the tail of one and fired the remainder of my drum, about 45 rounds, at him. He fell out of control. I watched him and he kept spinning, all the way down and seemed to go straight into the ground...' Most interestingly, Lt. Guy adds a typed note at bottom: 'Capt. Bishop was out alone.' Slightly trimmed at top, else very good.

Lot: 949 - 'THE CASE OF THE LUSITANIA'

'THE CASE OF THE LUSITANIA' A printed pamphlet titled 'The Case of the Lusitania' bearing the text of an address delivered by James M. Beck (1861-1936) U.S. Representative from Pennsylvania and Assistant Attorney General, in Boston on May 7, 1916, honoring the memory of the sinking of the Lusitania and rallying support for the war cause. Notable excerpts read in part: '...This is an hour of tragic sorrow. It is also one of deepest humiliation...The foul crime of the Lusitania has no yet been disavowed and it will never be fully redressed unless the watery grave of the Lusitania shall be the lasting grave of the Hohenzollern dynasty...'Remember the Lusitania!' Yes: it to, will be remembered by our people. Not with a proud consciousness of a work well done, but with the humiliating regret for a great work of humanity as yet left partly undone...' Moderately toned with scattered stains throughout, a few pages detached from the binding. Sold with another publication 'The Lusitania Case: Was Bryan's Resignation Justified?' exploring the events of the Lusitania as it related to Secretary of State William Jennings Bryan.

Lot: 950 - BLUEPRINTS FOR GERMAN TANK MINES

Great pair of World War I-date blueprints of German tank mines, 15.75 x 10.5 in., each issued by the Engineering Division of the American Expeditionary Force. Each shows diagrams and cross-sections of Types 'A' and 'B' on a 2 in. to 1 ft. scale. Folds, else fine. From the collection of Col. Thatcher T. P. Luquer, commander of the 306th Engineers Regiment, 81st Division, whose regiment saw service in Tronchoy, St. Die, Langres, and the Sommedieue sector of the Meuse-Argonne offensive.

Lot: 951 - MILITARY MAPS OF GERMANY

MILITARY MAPS OF GERMANY Selection of ten maps, most if not all from Germany, ca. 1915, most laid on linen or other cloth and intended for military use. Includes Norden, the Tergen See, Augsberg, Karlsbad, Debreczin, Zwickau, Fruhbuss, Landau, Marienbad, etc. Sizes vary, generally about 14 x 22 in. Condition generally good to very good.

Lot: 952 - GERMAN PRISONER'S SKETCHES FROM RUSSIA

Fine lot of five small sketches done by German prisoners held by the Russians during World War I. The sketches, most about 3 x 5 in., include images of an earthen barracks, a Russian church, and warehouse, a two-sided bookmark showing friends in captivity and a presentation on verso, and a sad bit of poetry intended for mailing home. Very good.

Lot: 953 - PRUSSIAN DISTRICT JUDGE DOCUMENT GROUP

PRUSSIAN DISTRICT JUDGE DOCUMENT GROUP A fine grouping of ten documents from the estate of Reich Deputy Justice Karl Mansfield (1859-1916). Included are three printed patent documents, four printed letters signed on Ministry of Justice or Reich Justice Office letterhead, his high school diploma and personal information sheet, a court proficiency certificate with royal letterhead, and finally, his official appointment certificate as a judge signed by WILHELM II (1859-1941). Conditions vary but mostly good.

Lot: 954 - REPORT ON OPERATIONS OF THE EIGHTY-FIRST DIVISION IN MEUSE-ARGONNE OFFENSIVE

Great content printed document: 'Report on Operations of the Technical and Administrative Services Eighty-First Division in St. Die and Meuse-Argonne Offensive', 22pp. folio, published at the request of the Chief of Staff one year after the attack, and owned by the commander of the 306th Engineers Regiment, 81st Division, Thatcher T. P. Luquer. The interior report details the horrendous medical conditions and outbreaks of influenza, yet details the heroic action of the medical workers, reads in part: '[the division's] most formidable foe, influenza...was raging in all the Armies in Europe...men in the trenches were crowded in dugouts...damp, cold, weather and the impossibility of getting always, sufficient hot food...sufficient animal drawn ambulances were attached to each Ambulance Company...The bravery of these wagoners and Ambulance Orderlies in evacuating the wounded...under continuous shell and machine gun fire will live in the memory of those who witnessed their untiring labor...' The report also evaluates the Engineers Department, Signal Service, Quartermaster Department, Veterinary Department, Ordinance Department, Munitions Department, Train Headquarters, Military Police, and more, many of which bear great military content. Luquer adds his name on the front cover. As commander of the 306th Engineers Regiment, 81st Division, Luquer's regiment served at the front during the offensive towards war's end. Fine to very fine condition.

Lot: 955 - SCRAPBOOK OF THE II NASSAU PIONIER BATTALION

SCRAPBOOK OF THE II NASSAU PIONIER BATTALION Touching scrapbook apparently maintained by a recording secretary or devoted member of the German II Nassau Pionier Battalion until Jan. 22, 1939. The book, about 100pp. and disbound, contains the dates and locations of perhaps a dozens reunions of members of the battalion following the war's end. Each member attending also has placed his signature on the corresponding page. Also included are about 40 candid photographs of the veterans on parade, at funerals, in their World War I uniforms with pickelhauben, mingling with their modern Wehrmacht counterparts, etc., along with newspaper clippings, printed programs for some of the events, postcards, etc., some going as far back as 1919. Overall fine condition.

Lot: 956 - GERMAN SOLDIER 'TAGBUCH'

GERMAN SOLDIER 'TAGBUCH' The 'tagbuch' ('diary') of a musketeer in the German Imperial Army named Friedrich Albertini who served in the 98th Infantry regiment, unpaginated 8vo., various places, 1904-06, completely untranslated. Moderate wear. Sold with another tagbuch of an unknown soldier, unpaginated 8vo., [n.p.], 1896. Both are worthy of further research.

Lot: 957 - FIRST ISSUE OF FLAGG'S 'I WANT YOU' POSTER

FIRST ISSUE OF FLAGG'S 'I WANT YOU' POSTER Very rare original first issue printing of the famous 'Uncle Sam' poster created by James Montgomery Flagg which lead to the creation of the Uncle Sam campaign that is now synonymous with U.S Army recruitment, 30 in. x 40 in., New York, 1917, showing Uncle Sam pointing, surrounded by a border of red white and blue, above the caption ‘I want YOU for U.S Army nearest recruiting station.' Some nearly invisible rippling can be seen on the white background, else very fine and mounted to archival linen. Flagg drew his inspiration for Uncle Sam from the British 1916 'Lord Kitchener' poster which depicts Lord Kitchener pointing his finger in the same forceful way and calling on Britons to enlist. The first drawing of Uncle Sam was modeled on a self-portrait of Flagg. This image originally appeared on the cover of 'Leslie Magazine', for which Flagg worked as an illustrator. It appeared on the July 6th, 1916 cover, captioned: 'What are you doing for preparedness?' It did not appear with its, 'I Want You' text until February 15th, 1917. It is estimated that the Uncle Sam campaign contributed to the enlistment of millions of U.S. soldiers over the two world wars. This remains one of the most desirable of all posters.

Lot: 958 - 'BEAT BACK THE HUN' LIBERTY LOAN POSTER

'BEAT BACK THE HUN' LIBERTY LOAN POSTER American World War I propaganda poster by F. Strothmann, 19.5 x 29 in. (sight), color, 1918, bearing the famous image of an enormous German soldier with bloodied hands and bayonet, peering out from a ruined village. Beneath the image appears the title "Beat back the Hun with Liberty Bonds", No publishing information is present. Very fine condition. Framed.

Lot: 959 - 'CLEAR THE WAY' LIBERTY LOAN POSTER

'CLEAR THE WAY' LIBERTY LOAN POSTER A scarce World War I poster by artist Howard Chandler Christy, 19.5 x 29 in. (sight), color, 1918, titled ‘Clear the Way!', depicting a large 'Christy Girl' behind a team of artillery soldiers manning a large gun. A few tears present, else good condition. Framed.

Lot: 960 - 'COME ON BUY MORE' LIBERTY LOAN POSTER

'COME ON BUY MORE' LIBERTY LOAN POSTER A fine World War I era poster by artist Walter Whitehead, 19.5 x 29.5 in. (sight), color, 1918, titled 'COME ON! Buy more Liberty Bonds', depicting an American soldier holding a rifle standing over a dead German. Lightly toned, a few sizable chips to the bottom margin. Framed.

Lot: 961 - 'FIGHT OR BUY BONDS' LIBERTY LOAN POSTER

'FIGHT OR BUY BONDS' LIBERTY LOAN POSTER World War I poster by artist Howard Chandler Christy, 19.5 x 29 in. (sight), color, 1918, printed by Forbes, featuring a beautiful depiction of a 'Christy Girl' waving an American flag and beckoning the viewer, beseeching him: 'FIGHT OR BUY BONDS THIRD LIBERTY LOAN' as an army marches beneath her. Lightly creased with a few small chips to the margins, else very good. Framed.

Lot: 962 - 'GREAT AIR RAID ON ENGLAND' POSTCARDS (7)

'GREAT AIR RAID ON ENGLAND' POSTCARDS (7) A good grouping of seven postcards featuring scenes from a Zeppelin raid on England during World War I, each 3.5 x 5.5 in., color and b/w, depicting the Zeppelin sighted in the air, the ship crashing and burning, and the Victoria Cross of the RAF pilot who shot it down. A few have handwritten inscriptions on the verso. Accompanied by a small printed pamphlet titled 'Souvenir Photos of the Wreck Zeppelin' with some of the same images from the postcards, and more. Some are slightly creased, but overall good. The events pictured took place on September 3, 1916 when 12 German Navy airships and four from the German Army moved to attack London. A combination of rain and snowstorms scattered the airships while they were still over the North Sea. None of the naval airships reached London, and only two from the army achieved their objective. One dropped a few bombs over London, Colney, and South Mimms before it was picked up by a searchlight and subjected to an intense but ineffective barrage. It was lost in cloud over Wood Green but rediscovered by the searchlights at Waltham Abbey as it bombed Ponders End. A British night fighter piloted by Lt. William Leefe Robinson fired three drums of ammunition from his Lewis gun, one on each of three passes at the airship. After he emptied the third drum, the airship began burning from the stern and was quickly enveloped in flames. It fell to the ground near Cuffley, witnessed by the crews of four of the naval Zeppelins. There were no survivors.

Lot: 963 - 'HALT THE HUN' LIBERTY LOAN POSTER

'HALT THE HUN' LIBERTY LOAN POSTER World War I American propaganda poster, 19.5 x 29 in. (sight), color, 1918, featuring an American soldier clutching a sword, stopping a German soldier from harming a woman and child, against a backdrop of flames. The titled at the top reads 'Halt the Hun!' with a caption at the bottom 'Buy U.S. Government Bonds, Third Liberty Loan.' A few sizable chips to the left margin. Framed.

Lot: 964 - 'HUN OR HOME' LIBERTY LOAN POSTER

'HUN OR HOME' LIBERTY LOAN POSTER A World War I American propaganda poster by artist Henry Raleigh, 19.5 x 29 in. (sight), color, 1918, titled 'Hun or Home?', showing a civilian mother clutching her baby as a stereotypical German soldier crawls towards her in shadow with blood-stained fingers. The exhortation ‘BUY MORE LIBERTY BONDS' appears beneath the title. The bottom edge bears the publication line of Edwards and Deutsch Lithograph Company in Chicago. A few small tears, else fine condition. Framed.

Lot: 965 - 'REMEMBER BELGIUM' LIBERTY LOAN POSTER

'REMEMBER BELGIUM' LIBERTY LOAN POSTER A World War I American propaganda poster by artist Ellsworth Young, 19.5 in. x 29 in. (sight), color, 1918, titled 'Remember Belgium', showing a silhouette of a German soldier forcefully dragging a resisting girl in front of a flaming landscape. The exhortation ‘Buy Bonds, Fourth Liberty Loan' appears beneath the title. The bottom edge bears the designation ‘6-B' and the publication line of the United States Printing and Lithograph Company in New York. A few tears present, else good condition. Framed.

Lot: 966 - 'RMS LUSITANIA' DRAWING

'RMS LUSITANIA' DRAWING A fine limited edition printed drawing by American artist Frank Camarda, 8.5 x 11 in., color, featuring the RMS Lusitania at sea. Notation in the bottom left show this example to be number 26 out of 100 printed. Signed on the verso by the artist. Very fine condition.

Lot: 967 - 'SHIPS ARE COMING' WORLD WAR I POSTER

'SHIPS ARE COMING' WORLD WAR I POSTER An American World War I era poster by artist James Daughetry, 19.5 x 29 in. (sight), color, 1918, printed by the U.S. Shipping Board Emergency Fleet Corporation, depicting a scene of a bald eagle flying over a fleet of warships emerging from shipyards. At the bottom is the caption 'The Ships Are Coming.' Slightly creased with a few small tears, framed.

Lot: 968 - 'THE AUSTRO-HUNGARIAN PEACE NOTE'

'THE AUSTRO-HUNGARIAN PEACE NOTE' Scarce propaganda handbill, 2pp. legal folio, [n.p.], 1918 leaflet, essentially a peace offer from the Austro-Hungarian Empire, rather than just its German ally. The message is extremely long, reminiscent of Russian World War II leaflets. It discusses Balfour, the 'yearning for peace' on the part of Germany and Austro-Hungary, the failure of peace negotiations, etc. The text ends with the statement: 'We are of the firm conviction that all belligerents owe to mankind to examine in common whether it is not possible to put an end to this frightful struggle now, after so many years of costly but undecided fighting whose whole course points towards an understanding. The Imperial and Royal Government therefore proposes to the governments of all the belligerent states to send delegates in the near future to a place at a neutral country.' Toned, a chip at bottom margin, else very good. Of course, this appeal was rejected and the bloody war would drag on for another two years...

Lot: 969 - 'THEY KEPT THE SEA LANES OPEN' LIBERTY LOAN POSTER

'THEY KEPT THE SEA LANES OPEN' LIBERTY LOAN POSTER Scarce World War I-era poster by artist L.A. Shafer, 29.5 x 39.25 in (sight), color, 1918, titled 'THEY KEPT THE SEA LANES OPEN', showing three naval vessels sailing through rough seas. The bottom bears the caption 'INVEST IN THE VICTORY LIBERTY LOAN' above the publication line of the W. F. Powers Company of New York. Lightly toned with chipping around the margins including two large sections missing at the right corners. Framed.

Lot: 970 - EARLY WEIMAR REPUBLIC WARNS 'PLUNDERERS WILL BE SHOT!'

Excellent and excessively rare post-World War I leaflet, 6 x 9 in., ca. 1919, thrown from police vehicles and horses by the Munich Auxiliary Police in the streets of Munich - a desperate attempt by the newly-formed Weimar Republic to prevent the street fighting of communists and the Freikorps in their attempt to gain government control of the country. The leaflet reads in full: 'To the people of Munich...The allies have taken 12 years of nightmare away from you. Diligently obey any order issued by the Allied Military Administration. Ensure peace and order until a new Bavarian government is established. Go about your daily work and be of good hope. Plunderers will be shot'. Signed in type at the conclusion by a police commissar. Some light wrinkles at lower-left, else fine.

Lot: 971 - GERMAN EMPIRE COAT OF ARMS

GERMAN EMPIRE COAT OF ARMS A fine hand painted illustration of the German Empire's coat of arms used from 1889-1918. 5.75 x 7 in., color, depicting the Imperial Eagle with black beak, tongue, and talons, with outstretched wings and the heraldic crown of the German Empire above. Matted. Slightly toned, else fine.

Lot: 972 - JOAN OF ARC WORLD WAR I POSTER

JOAN OF ARC WORLD WAR I POSTER A scarce World War I American propaganda poster by artist Haskell Coffin, 19.5 x 29 in. (sight), color, 1918, printed by the U.S. Treasury Department, depicting an image of Joan of Arc below the titled 'Joan of Arc Saved France.' At the bottom is a caption that reads 'Women of America, Save Your Country, Buy War Savings Stamps.' A few chips and creases to the bottom margin, else fine. Framed.

Lot: 973 - MANFRED VON RICHTOFEN LITHOGRAPH

MANFRED VON RICHTOFEN LITHOGRAPH Fine colorful print by American artist Russel Smith titled 'Bringing the Guns to Bear', 15.75 x 12.75, 2006, depicting the famous Red Baron in a dogfight. A caption beneath the titled reads: 'Manfred von Richthofen scores victory number 67, March 24, 1918.' Signed at the bottom right by the artist. Fine condition.

Lot: 974 - POST WORLD WAR I MILITARY PUBLICATIONS (13)

POST WORLD WAR I MILITARY PUBLICATIONS (13) Lot of thirteen issues of different U.S. military publications from 1918-22, varying sizes and places, including 'The Hatchet' published aboard the USS George Washington, 'The Indian' published by the Second Division of the Army of Occupation, and 'The Trail' published at Camp Travis. Conditions vary, but most are worn with edgewear.

Lot: 975 - TRAITOROUS FRENCH BROADSIDE

TRAITOROUS FRENCH BROADSIDE Broadside published by the traitorous French newspaper 'Le Bonnet Rouge', 17 x 12 in., the sarcastic text reading in full: 'Read today in The Red Cap THE FOREIGNERS IN PARIS Why France must not fail in its reputation as a hospitable nation' Upper-right corner lost, clean 5 in. split at center, printed hastily and crudely. Likely issued during the rapid Axis advance on Paris. Le Bonnet Rouge was as an anarchist French newspaper published from 1913 to 1922, and it defended Franco-German rapprochement. The newspaper's administrator, Emile-Joseph Duval, was arrested, tried and executed on 7 August 1917 over allegations of complicity with the enemy.

Lot: 976 - VICTORY LOAN 'INDUSTRIAL HONOR' BANNER

VICTORY LOAN 'INDUSTRIAL HONOR' BANNER A one sided World War I era banner constructed of stiffened fabric, 34 x 30 in., red, white and blue, with two metal grommets on white canvas in top corners, bearing the symbol of the Victory Liberty Loan effort followed by the words 'Industrial Honor Emblem Awarded by the United States Treasury Department.' This banner would have been hung in the offices or workshops of businesses who received the award due to their contributions. Slightly worn with scattered stains.

Lot: 977 - WORLD WAR I 'FOODS FROM CORN' POSTER

WORLD WAR I 'FOODS FROM CORN' POSTER A vintage American poster from the World War I era authorized by the U.S. Food Administration, 20 x 30 in., printed by Harrison Landander Inc., Baltimore, 1918, featuring an array of canned and fresh food products made from corn labeled as 'Wholesome and Nutritious.' At the bottom is the caption in full: 'Corn products are plentiful, use them in cakes, candies, puddings, and preserving for salads, shortening, and frying.' A printed signature in the bottom right shows the original art was done by Llyod Harrison. Moderate edge wear, and a few small tears repaired on the verso with tape.

Lot: 978 - WORLD WAR I 'SON IN SERVICE' BANNERS (7)

WORLD WAR I 'SON IN SERVICE' BANNERS (7) A great collection of cloth stitched banners that would have been hung in the windows of American homes who had a son serving in World War I. The banners are varying sizes, and each feature a different department or branch of service, including Medical, Artillery, Infantry, Cavalry, Navy, Machine Gun Corps, Signal, and more. Most are accompanied by their corresponding service badges. Conditions vary, but overall very good to fine.

Lot: 979 - WORLD WAR I 'SON IN SERVICE' BANNERS (8)

WORLD WAR I 'SON IN SERVICE' BANNERS (8) A great collection of cloth stitched banners that would have been hung in the windows of American homes who had a son serving in World War I. The banners are varying sizes, and each feature a different department or branch of service, including Quartermaster, Ordnance, Hospital Corps, Field and Coastal Artillery, Engineers, Aviation, one that says 'Over There.' Most are accompanied by their corresponding service badges. Conditions vary, but overall very good to fine.

Lot: 980 - WORLD WAR I FOOD CONSERVATION POSTER

WORLD WAR I FOOD CONSERVATION POSTER A vintage American poster from the World War I era authorized by the U.S. Food Administration, 21 x 25 in., printed by Edwards and Deutsche Litho. Co: Chicago, 1917, featuring an illustration by artist Alice Julia Hendee (1889-1969) showing an attic stocked full of fruits and vegetables next to a sign that reads 'This is what God gives us. What are you give you that others can live? Eat less wheat, meat, fats, sugar. Send more to Europe or they will starve.' Minor edgewear, and a few small tears have been repaired on the verso with tape. To provide U.S. troops and allies with the sustenance required to maintain their strength and vitality, the government urged citizens to reduce their personal consumption of meat, wheat, fats and sugar.

Lot: 981 - WORLD WAR I GERMAN DEATH CERTIFICATE

WORLD WAR I GERMAN DEATH CERTIFICATE a fine lithograph poster of a World War I German death certificate in memory of Heinrich Dietes, killed in action on July 28, 1915, 25 x 19 in., bearing a bible verse in German at the top and a scene of an angel laying flowers on a fallen soldier. Below is Dietes' name, regiment, and death date followed by a printed signature of Kaiser Wilhelm. Creased and toned with scattered stains.

Lot: 982 - WORLD WAR I GERMAN REGIMENT PHOTO

WORLD WAR I GERMAN REGIMENT PHOTO A vintage photograph depicting a German regiment that served in World War I, 11 x 8.75, b/w, showing the soldiers posing together in uniform. Mounted to a matt with the caption 'In memory of the war days 1915' above, and the last names of men pictured below. Framed. Slightly toned, else fine.

Lot: 983 - WORLD WAR I POSTED WARNING NOTICES

WORLD WAR I POSTED WARNING NOTICES Pair of German notices posted in France or Belgium during World War I, the first 8 x 6.25 in., loosely translated: 'Notice Those tampering with telegraph or telephone lines will be severely punished in the same way will be the removal of this notice. If the perpetrator is not caught, the communities on whose territory the damage was carried out will be severely punished...' Damaged. The second sign, 12 x 6 in., reads: 'BEWARE UNAUTHORIZED LISTENERS!', apparently recovered Oct. 15, 1918.

Lot: 984 - WORLD WAR I RECRUITMENT POSTER

WORLD WAR I RECRUITMENT POSTER A fine recruitment poster for the U.S. Army, 29.5 x 39.5 (sight), circa 1910, color, titled 'Men Wanted for the Army' depicting a scene of two men training with a large artillery gun while other soldiers or officer stand nearby. Lightly toned, creased, else fine condition. Framed.

Lot: 985 - WORLD WAR I SERVICE BANNER

WORLD WAR I SERVICE BANNER An American window service banner from World War I. These banners were often displayed in the windows of households who had a family member serving in the armed forces. The 5.75 x 10 in. banner is constructed of green wool with red, white and blue stitching. At the top is the word 'Infantry' above flag with a blue star, denoting one family member who has or is currently serving. The bottom features two crossed rifles with bayonets attached. Moderate edge wear and a few chips.

Lot: 986 - WORLD WAR I WOUND CERTIFICATE

WORLD WAR I WOUND CERTIFICATE American Wound Chevron award certificate to Pvt. George R. Parker who was wounded in action, 1p. 16 in. x 21 in., a printed illustration of Columbia holding a proclamation above her head while touching a sword to the shoulder of a doughboy who kneels at her feet. An inscription at the top reads: 'Columbia gives to her son the accolade of the new chivalry of humanity' and at the bottom below Raymond's name it notes: ‘Served with honor in the World War and died in the service of his country.' Concluded with a printed signature of Woodrow Wilson. Toned with scattered stains.

Lot: 987 - WORLD WAR ONE 'FEED A FIGHTER' POSTER

WORLD WAR ONE 'FEED A FIGHTER' POSTER A vintage U.S. Food Administration poster printed during World War I and advocating food conservation in order to feed soldiers in Europe, 21 x 29 in., 1918, featuring an illustration of a seated soldier eating above the caption 'Feed a Fighter, eat only what you need, waste nothing, that he and his family may have enough.' Mounted. Moderate edge wear and adhesive residue around the margins.

Lot: 988 - HMS LAURENTIC MARINE GROUPING

HMS LAURENTIC MARINE GROUPING A group of material related to a British Royal Marine named Norman Carter who was killed in the sinking of the HMS Laurentic on January 25, 1917. Included is a 6 x 6.25 laminated card honoring Carter and depicting the Chatham Naval Memorial, a 4.5 in. diameter bronze medal honoring him and his service, three Royal Marine Light Infantry insignia, an unused postcard featuring an image of the HMS Laurentic, a World War I Victory medal, a brass coat button, and a Royal Marine cloth patch. Conditions vary but overall good. Nine items. The HMS Laurentic was an armed merchant cruiser that often traveled between the United Kingdom and Canada. On January 25, 1917, she struck and was sunk by two German mines off the coast of Northern Ireland. The crew successfully abandoned ship yet over 350 members still died from hypothermia once immersed in the Atlantic. The Laurentic is reported to have been carrying 43 tons of gold bars when she was sunk, and while many have since been salvaged there are still some unaccounted for.

Lot: 989 - WORLD WAR I KIA BRITISH SOLDIER GROUPING

WORLD WAR I KIA BRITISH SOLDIER GROUPING A group of material related to a British soldier named George H. Mellor who was a member of the King's Own Yorkshire Light Infantry, killed in action on September 29, 1918. Included is 8.5 x 3 in. death notice from the regimental paymaster for Mellor, a 4.5 in. diameter bronze medal honoring Mellor and his service, five Kings Own Yorkshire Light Infantry medals or insignia, a World War I victory medal, eight brass buttons bearing the seal of the 'KOYLI', two KOYLI cloth patches, and a KOYLI cigarette card. Conditions vary but mostly good. 19 items.

Lot: 990 - WORLD WAR I INSIGNIA AND PIN GROUPING (10)

WORLD WAR I INSIGNIA AND PIN GROUPING (10) Good lot of ten items, includes: two 'WELCOME HOME 165TH INFANTRY U.S.A.' ribbons, each 5 x 2.25 in.; 165th 'Rainbow' shoulder patch and screw back pin; two World War I service medals, one with clasps for 'CHAMPAGNE-MARNE', 'AISNE-MARNE', and 'DEFENSIVE SECOR'; New York State service medal; two service caps, one with insignia from the 308th Artillery, a modern American Legion pin, and an unknown lapel pin.

Lot: 991 - HMS QUEEN MARY CAP TALLY AND BADGE

HMS QUEEN MARY CAP TALLY AND BADGE A great group of items related to the HMS Queen Mary, a battlecruiser and the last ship built by the Royal Navy before the outbreak of World War I, sunk during the Battle of Jutland in 1916. The 10 in. black cap tally is stitched with the words 'HMS Queen Mary', while the 2 in. blue and white enameled pin back badge features an image of the ship at sea, with proof marks present on its reverse. Accompanied by three period photographs, each 4 x 6 in., b/w, featuring an image of the ship at sea, the battalion who manned the ship standing in formation, and finally a portrait of a Royal Navy sailor killed aboard the ship. The verso of the sailor's photo bears an inscription reading: 'Albert George Gale, May 31, 1916. 1st Class Stoker, HMS Queen Mary. Someday we will clasp his hand in the better land.' Cap tally and photos slightly worn, yet overall good condition. Five items.

Lot: 992 - 'AUX HEROS INCONNUS' FRENCH MEDAL

'AUX HEROS INCONNUS' FRENCH MEDAL Fine quality cast bronze French non-portable medal, 2 3/4 in. diameter, the obverse depicting two angels standing atop the grave marker of an unknown soldier, the reverse showing another angel with palf frond and flower wreath hovering above the bodies of fallen soldiers, captioned at top: 'POUR LA FRANCE POUR L'HUMANITE'. Very good.

Lot: 993 - 'BATAILLE DE LA MARNE' FRENCH MEDAL

'BATAILLE DE LA MARNE' FRENCH MEDAL Fine quality cast bronze French non-portable medal, 2 3/4 in. diameter, the obverse depicting three French generals including Foch and Joffre beneath text in relief: 'BATAILLE DE LA MARNE', the bottom reading: 'SEPTEMBRE 1914'. The reverse shows and angel with sword hovering above men massed for battle. Very good.

Lot: 994 - GERMAN 'BATTLE OF JUTLAND' MEDAL

GERMAN 'BATTLE OF JUTLAND' MEDAL A fine commemorative medal honoring the German naval forces that fought at the Battle of Jutland in June 1916 and Admiral Reinhard Scheer (1863-1928), 1.5 dia., brass construction, featuring the head of Admiral Scheer in relief on one side and sailing ships above the name of the battle on the other. Fine condition.

Lot: 995 - 'CEASEFIRE' AMERICAN SIGNAL FLAG

'CEASEFIRE' AMERICAN SIGNAL FLAG A World War I era signal flag used aboard an American naval vessel, 34 x 60 in., two-piece construction, red and white cotton sewn at the center, folded over on the left margin with two metal hoist clasps, no markings evident. As spelled out in the U.S. Marine Crewman's handbook, the two-piece red and white flag, codenamed Hotel, orders a cease in firing. Slightly worn with a few scattered stains, else fine.

Lot: 996 - 'GOTT MIT UNS' BELT WITH BUCKLE

'GOTT MIT UNS' BELT WITH BUCKLE World War I German steel 'Gott Mit Uns' belt buckle, two prongs, 2 in. wide, with original felt-padded polished black leather belt, 40 in. long. Very good.

Lot: 997 - 1915 KARL GOETZ 'SINKING OF THE LUSITANIA MEDAL'

1915 KARL GOETZ 'SINKING OF THE LUSITANIA MEDAL' British propaganda copy of the German-issue Karl Goetz medal which attracted so much attention that Lord Newton, who was in charge of propaganda at the Foreign Office in 1916, decided to develop the anti-German feelings aroused by it for propaganda purposes. This English '5 May' copy is in excellent condition, lacking box.

Lot: 998 - AUSTRO-HUNGARIAN RED CROSS MILITARY AWARD

AUSTRO-HUNGARIAN RED CROSS MILITARY AWARD Austro-Hungarian Empire Red Cross Decoration, 2nd Class with Laurel, silver and enameled, 1864-1914. With original ribbon and case, along with lapel insignia loosely attached. Fine condition.

Lot: 999 - BATTLE OF JUTLAND COMMEMORATIVE MEDAL

BATTLE OF JUTLAND COMMEMORATIVE MEDAL Battle of Jutland Commemorative Medal. Obverse: Trident between White Ensign and Union Flag, on which hangs a small shield inscribed: '31 May 1916'. Text: 'To the Glorious Memory of Those Who Fell that Day'. Reverse: Wreath enclosing text: 'May 31, 1916. The German Fleet attacked off the coast of Jutland and driven back into port with heavy loss. Admiral Sir John Jellicoe, Commander in Chief, Vice Admiral Sir David Beatty commanding battle cruiser fleet'. At bottom: 'Spinks and Son, 1916' Rim/edge: clean. Bronze, 45 mm, 41.79 gm. Designed by Prince Louis Battenberg and sold in aid of the Naval Orphanages. The larger of two sizes issued. BHM 4124, E 1951.

Lot: 1000 - FRENCH VERDUN COMMEMORATIVE MEDAL

FRENCH VERDUN COMMEMORATIVE MEDAL Fine quality cast bronze French non-portable medal, 2 3/4 in. diameter, the obverse depicting two victorious figures standing above a fallen Hapsburg eagle, text at bottom reading: 'VERDUN ON NE PASSE PAS MCMXVI'. The reverse bears portraits of three victorious French generals Petain, Edouard, and Nivelle, above the inscription: 'A LA GLOIRE DES HEROS DE VERDUN MCMXVI'. Small discolored spot on obverse, else very good. In original case.

Lot: 1001 - PRUSSIAN PICKELHAUBE EAGLE

PRUSSIAN PICKELHAUBE EAGLE A metal cap eagle once fastened to a World War I Prussian Pickelhaube, roughly 5.5 x 5 in., constructed of aluminum, depicting the Prussian eagle with two prongs still present on the back. Moderately discolored with oxidation on the verso.

Lot: 1002 - GERMAN WAR VETERAN'S GOBLET

GERMAN WAR VETERAN'S GOBLET Interesting post-World War I pewter German veteran's goblet, 8 in. tall with an Iron Cross and Prussian eagle appearing in relief on either side of the fluted goblet. No significant dents but could use a good cleaning.

Lot: 1003 - SELF-INFLICTED WOUND ARMBAND

SELF-INFLICTED WOUND ARMBAND Very rare World War I armband issued in Allied hospitals to those soldiers who sought to avoid combat by shooting or otherwise seriously injuring themselves and thereby making themselves unfit for combat. The armband, 16.5 in. long and 3.5 in. wide, is constructed of yellow flocked cloth lined on the reverse. Black felt letters: 'S I W' are sewn to the center of the band, indicating that the wearer had administered to himself a 'S[elf] I[nflicted] W[ound]'. Two tabs at one end of the band were threaded into adjustable buckles, since removed. The armbands were forced upon the guilty to b e worn as a mark of cowardice and were obviously never kept as a souvenir of their service! This example was apparently kept by a hospital orderly.

Lot: 1004 - SILVER AIRSHIP PILOT WINGS

SILVER AIRSHIP PILOT WINGS A very rare silver badge issued to pilots of the U.S. Army's airship program, 1.5 in. long, circa 1930s, featuring a dirigible airship at the center of a pair of wings, pin back, marked 'Sterling' on the reverse. Slightly tarnish else very fine. The U.S. Army's airship program was used primarily for search and patrol operations in support of coastal fortifications and border patrol.

Lot: 1005 - SMS GNEISENAU CUFF TITLE

SMS GNEISENAU CUFF TITLE A black cuff title ribbon, 13.5 in. long (sight), owned by a member of the German Imperial Navy who served on the SMS Gneisenau, a World War I era armored cruiser. The Gneisenau patrolled Germany's colonial interests in Asia and the Pacific Ocean in the early months of World War I and was sunk during the Battle of Falkland Islands on December 8, 1914. Housed within a frame with a photograph of the Gneisenau at sea. Fine condition.

Lot: 1006 - SMS SCHARNHORST CUFF TITLE

SMS SCHARNHORST CUFF TITLE A black cuff title ribbon, 13.5 in. long (sight), owned by a member of the German Imperial Navy that served on the SMS Scharnhorst, a World War I era armored cruiser. The Scharnhorst patrolled Germany's colonial interests in Asia and the Pacific Ocean in the early months of World War I and was sunk during the Battle of Falkland Islands on December 8, 1914. Housed within a frame with an image of the Scharnhorst at sea. Fine condition.

Lot: 1007 - U.S. ARMY AIRSHIP PILOT BADGE

U.S. ARMY AIRSHIP PILOT BADGE A very rare silver badge issued to pilots of the U.S. Army's airship program, 3 x 1 in., circa 1922, featuring a dirigible airship at the center of two wings, unknown hallmark on the reverse, with brass pin threaded through clasps on the back. Slight discoloration, else very fine. The U.S. Army's airship program was used primarily for search and patrol operations in support of coastal fortifications and border patrol.

Lot: 1008 - WORLD WAR I U.S. AIR SERVICE PILOT WINGS

WORLD WAR I U.S. AIR SERVICE PILOT WINGS A scarce original set of U.S. Air Service Pilot's Wings, 3.75 x 1 in., a 'Dallas' style of the medal, unmarked but typically attributed to the American jewelers Bailey, Banks, and Biddle. At the center is a U.S. seal with stars and stripes at the center and with two wings, affixed to a small felt covered mount with a pin back. Slight discoloration otherwise fine.

Lot: 1009 - AUSTRO-HUNGARIAN M 1895 BAYONET

AUSTRO-HUNGARIAN M 1895 BAYONET Austro-Hungarian M 1895 Infantry bayonet by F.G.G.Y., blade good to very good, scabbard and grip poor.

Lot: 1010 - GERMAN ARMY OFFICER'S SABER BY WKC

GERMAN ARMY OFFICER'S SABER BY WKC An Imperial or Weimer era saber, 30.75 in. blade, 36 in. overall, featuring an unadorned brass hilt with braided wire handle, and patterned brass hand and cross guard with curved quillon. Grip was likely once white celluloid and some of the wires are loose. The ricasso bears the mark of Solingen manufacturer WKC, a knight's helm over those initials. The blade is unengraved and unsharpened, and remains bright over most of its length, except for some minor oxidation and residue from the scabbard. Accompanied by a black metal scabbard with one clasp, scratched and dented throughout. Just good.

Lot: 1011 - GERMAN OFFICER'S SABER WITH PORTAPEE

GERMAN OFFICER'S SABER WITH PORTAPEE An Imperial German officer's saber, 31.75 in. blade, 36.75 in. overall, with coiled wire and black celluloid grip, smooth pommel, 'B' shaped brass handguard with one curved quillon. The blade is acid etched with patterns and the words 'In Treue Fest', and still retains much of its original shine with no nicks or dents. The ricasso has a Z shield makers mark of 'Clemen Jung Solingen.' Tied to the handguard is a silver braided portapee with a black and red striped strap denoting rural police service. Accompanied by a black metal scabbard with one clasp, slightly dented with light oxidation.

Lot: 1012 - PRUSSIAN M1889 OFFICER'S SWORD

PRUSSIAN M1889 OFFICER'S SWORD Prussian officer's M1889 model infantry sword, 33 in. blade, 38.5 in. overall with saber grip and straight blade, coiled wire handle with an affixed coat of arms, brass pommel with eagle-shaped hand and knuckle guard. The blade has two fullers and nicks and oxidation throughout, ricasso bears the mark of Solingen manufacturer WKC, a knight's helm over those initials. Accompanied by a non-original, ill fitting, black metal scabbard with two clasps, moderate oxidation.

Lot: 1013 - SPANISH M1913 MAUSER BAYONET

SPANISH M1913 MAUSER BAYONET A World War I Spanish-made bayonet for the Mauser rifle, 15.75 in. blade, 20.5 in. overall, with checkered wood and metal grip and barrel hole quillon. The blade is in good condition with a few dents and discoloration, ricasso is marked by 'Arilleria Nacional Toledo', no. 77048. Accompanied by a metal and black leather scabbard with belt hook. Light oxidation throughout.

Lot: 1014 - UNMARKED GERMAN SABER

UNMARKED GERMAN SABER A likely Imperial or Weimar period presentation saber, 32 in. blade, 36.5 in. overall, with black celluloid grip and unetched pommel, hand and cross guards. The blade is acid etched with patterns and the words 'In Treue Fest', bears no other nicks or dents and retains much of its original shine. Accompanied by a black metal scabbard with dents and scratches. Light oxidation throughout.

Lot: 1015 - UNMARKED GERMAN SABERS (2)

UNMARKED GERMAN SABERS (2) A pair of likely Imperial or Weimar period presentation sabers, the first 32.5 in. blade, 36.5 in. overall, with coiled wire grip and brass unetched pommel, 'B' shaped hand guard and cross guard with one curved quillon. The blade is unmarked and moderately discolored. Accompanied by a black metal scabbard with one clasp. The grip was likely once black celluloid but is almost completely worn away exposing wood beneath. The next is a 33 in. blade, 38 in. overall, of the same design with steel coiled grip and pommel, yet this blade retains much of its original shine. Also with a black metal scabbard. Two swords.

Lot: 1016 - UNMARKED GERMAN SABERS (3)

UNMARKED GERMAN SABERS (3) A lot of three Imperial or Weimar period presentation sabers, the first is 29.75 in. blade, 35 in. overall, with a coiled wire black celluloid grip and brass oak leaf and acorn engraved pommel, hand and cross guard with one curve quillon. The blade is unmarked with a few dents and discoloration towards the tip. Accompanied by an unpainted metal scabbard with one clasp. Light oxidation throughout. The next is 32 in. blade, 37.5 in. overall, of the same design, with an unmarked discolored blade, and an ill-fitting non original scabbard. The last is a 28 in. blade, 33 in. overall, of the same design with an unmarked discolored blade, and unpainted metal scabbard. Conditions vary, oxidation throughout. Three swords.

Lot: 1017 - WORLD WAR I AMERICAN FIGHTING KNIFE

WORLD WAR I AMERICAN FIGHTING KNIFE U.S. 1897 Krag bayonet, wood rivet-held grips, cut down and fashioned into a fighting knife, blade now 8 in. long, 12.5 in. long overall. Very good.

Lot: 1018 - 'A ZEPPELIN OVER ANTWERP' WITH CAP TALLY

'A ZEPPELIN OVER ANTWERP' WITH CAP TALLY A fine World War I era lithograph, 18 x 12 in., color, titled in German: 'A Zeppelin over Antwerp' and featuring artwork originally done by Willy Moralt of a Zeppelin bombing raid over the Belgian city. Creased with a small tear repaired on the verso with tape. Accompanied by a black cap tally, 20.5 x 1.5 in., worn by a member of German Naval Airship Division, ('Marine- Luftschiff-Abteilung'), who were responsible for manning the German airships during their World War I bombing raids. Overall good.

Lot: 1019 - BERLIN POLICE PICKELHAUBE WITH CASE

BERLIN POLICE PICKELHAUBE WITH CASE World War I-era German 'Pickelhaube' helmet of the style worn by Berlin police officers, constructed of lacquered black leather, with a brass cruciform plate at the crown topped with a 2.5 in. brass spike. The front bears a 'wappen', or helmet plate, in the shape of a Prussian eagle, a crowned eagle with the motto 'In Treue Fest', and a smaller yellow insignia of the Berlin police affixed to its center. An ornamental leather chin strap, covered with overlapping brass plates, runs across the visor that also features a brass plate rim, attached by brass studs, on one side with a black, gold and red cockade. The interior features a segmented brown leather sweatband with draw string split to allow access to the mounting screws, with no other marks present. Gold band of the cockade is completely faded. Leather chinstrap moderately worn and cracked in a few spots. A few scratches to the exterior of the helmet. Accompanied by the original coned-shaped black leather case from maker Friedrich Brandt of Berlin, roughly 15.5 x 5.5 x 13 in, with leather strap and remnants of the paper tag present. Dents and scratches to the case.

Lot: 1020 - PRUSSIAN PICKELHAUBE

PRUSSIAN PICKELHAUBE Prussian enlisted man's pickelhaube, constructed of a solid black leather body with brass Prussian eagle front plate, spike, base and spine. There is evidence of a brass visor trim also once being present, since lost. Each side of the dome has a circular metal base for the addition of Prussian rosettes, which perfectly matches similar examples. The leather liner is intact, though drawstring absent. A stamp on the interior shows it was manufactured 'M. Gommlein Berlin 1918.' Eagle and spike are both slightly loose and slight wear to the leather inside and out. Just good.

Lot: 1021 - PRUSSIAN PICKELHAUBE

PRUSSIAN PICKELHAUBE Prussian enlisted man's pickelhaube, constructed of a solid black leather body with brass Prussian eagle front plate, spike, base and spine, and a brass visor trim. Each side of the dome has a circular metal base for the addition of Prussian rosettes, which perfectly matches similar examples. The leather liner and drawstring are missing. No markings present on the interior and leather is moderately cracked.

Lot: 1022 - AUSTRIAN M1916 STALHELM

AUSTRIAN M1916 STALHELM Austrian World War I-era M1916 'Stahlhelm', or steel helmet, identifiable as such by the externally-visible rivets and interior attachment device for attaching the woven cloth chinstrap. The helmet is in 'dug' condition and is heavily oxidized throughout, with one side of the chinstrap still remaining. Multiple holes and cracks throughout, the largest being 2 in. diameter. A sheet accompanying the helmet given to us by the consignor shows the helmet was recovered near Orgiano in South Vicenza, Italy. This model stahlhelm was the first to be issued to Austrian front-line soldiers, and was quickly supplanted by the M1917 and M1918 models, which both had an integral chin strap.

Lot: 1023 - GERMAN WORLD WAR I FIELD CAP

GERMAN WORLD WAR I FIELD CAP A fine World War I German Army field cap in field grey wool with a red band and piping to denote infantry issue. The front is complete with painted metal cockades, the Reichskokade at the top, and the bottom cockade in Prussian black and white. The interior is heavily stained yet the stamp 'J.R. 91-1914' is still discernable. Moth holes present around the rim and top, moderate discoloration inside from use.

Lot: 1024 - U.S. 'DOUGHBOY' HELMET

U.S. 'DOUGHBOY' HELMET A standard issue steel U.S. M1917 combat helmet, 'salad bowl'-shaped as called by German soldiers, with rough textured exterior and original leather liner and chin strap. A tag on the interior reads 'Tighten cord and adjust net to fit head.' Scattered nicks and dents else fine.

Lot: 1025 - WORLD WAR I NAVAL 'FLAT HAT'

WORLD WAR I NAVAL 'FLAT HAT' A World War I era U.S. naval cap in the 'flat hat' style constructed of blue wool and a stiff circular crown. A black cap tally is tied around the head band that is stitched with 'USS Virginia' which could refer to any of three different navy ships with the name active during the period. Indiscernible black ink marks to the interior of the cap. A few small tears or moth holes, else fine.

Lot: 1026 - 'INSTRUMENT TESTING LISTENERS TELESCOPE'

'INSTRUMENT TESTING LISTENERS TELESCOPE' An obscure piece of British military testing hardware, engraved 'INSTRUMENT TESTING LISTENERS TELESCOPE MK. I', made by W. Ottway & Co., 11 in. long overall, solid brass construction with an eyepiece, interior reflecting mirror, and glass-covered 'outley' at the end of the tube. Also stamped with a British broad arrow. It's use remains a mystery to us.

Lot: 1027 - ALLIED VICTORY EAGLE BOOKENDS

ALLIED VICTORY EAGLE BOOKENDS A pair of heavy cast bronze bookends, roughly 8 x 8 x 7 in., unattributed, created at the end of World War I to commemorated the American victory over Germany and her allies. An American eagle with spread wings stands atop a defeated Hapsburg eagle with a crown atop its head. Both had a piece of metal welded over it likely at a later date, one of which is no longer attached. Some oxidation, still a rare and appealing presentation.

Lot: 1028 - BRITISH 'TANK CORPS' WOODEN TRAY

Decorative wood serving tray with handles, 21.5 x 14 x 1.5 in., bearing an etched depiction of a World War I-date tank running through barbed wire at center, stippled above with the label: 'TANK CORPS'. The lower corners bears the etched initials: 'T C'. Fine condition.

Lot: 1029 - BRITISH TRENCH PERISCOPE

BRITISH TRENCH PERISCOPE A fine World War I relic, a metal periscope used to safely peer above the edge of a trench while under fire, 23 in. long with a wooden handle, .75 in. lens still functional, constructed by the British manufacturer 'R.J. Beck Ltd.' A few nicks and scratches to the scope and handle is slightly loose.

Lot: 1030 - BRONZE GERMAN SOLDIER DESK BUST

BRONZE GERMAN SOLDIER DESK BUST Marble-mounted hollow bronze bust of a helmeted German soldier, very well executed, his helmet lightly painted green, overall height 7 inches. Slight wear to shoulders, a few tiny chips to base.

Lot: 1031 - FRENCH MODEL 1892 REVOLVER WITH HOLSTER

FRENCH MODEL 1892 REVOLVER WITH HOLSTER A great example of the French Model 1892 service revolver, the standard issued sidearm for French officers during World War I and used by French police forces until the 1960s. The double action, six-cylinder revolver chambers 8mm. ammunition. Serial number 70389, it has a 4 in. barrel inscribed with its production date 'Ml 1892', and another inscription near the grip shows it was assembled by 'Manufacture d'armes de Saint Etienne.' A small metal clasp is attached to the bottom of the wooden handle. The chambers are accessed by swinging out the cylinder to the right after pulling back the side plate near the action. All the guns parts are labeled with letters that indicate the order in which they can be disassembled. Slight discoloration, but overall very good. Accompanied by an original leather holster with no markings.

Lot: 1032 - GERMAN LEATHER DOCUMENT HOLDER

GERMAN LEATHER DOCUMENT HOLDER A black leather document roll, 14.5 x 14.5 in., with two adjoined leather fastening straps and a handle, bearing a German Iron Cross symbol embroidered at the center. Rolls such as these could have been used to store documents in automobiles or transport them from office to office. Slight wear from use, else fine.

Lot: 1033 - H.M.S. QUEEN MARY KEEL PLATE PAPERWEIGHT

H.M.S. QUEEN MARY KEEL PLATE PAPERWEIGHT A terrific relic from a historic battleship, a souvenir 'keel plate' paperweight issued upon the launching of the British battleship H.M.S. QUEEN MARY in 1911. The 7 1/2 x 3 3/4" chrome-plated iron plate bears a brass grip, and the bottom is covered in green felt. The upper surface of this relic is period engraved: 'H.M.S. 'QUEEN MARY' KEEL PLATE 1911' Some corrosion to the top surface, else very good. Only one other example of the paperweight could be found: in the National Maritime Museum, Greenwich, England. The H.M.S. QUEEN MARY was the last battlecruiser built by the Royal Navy before the First World War. The sole member of her class, Queen Mary shared many features with the Lion-class battlecruisers, including her eight 13.5-inch guns. She was completed in 1913 and participated in the Battle of Heligoland Bight as part of the Grand Fleet in 1914. At the Battle of Jutland in mid-1916, she was hit twice by the German battlecruiser DERFFLINGER during the early part of the battle and her magazines exploded shortly afterwards, sinking the ship.

Lot: 1034 - NAVAL SHELL LAMP

NAVAL SHELL LAMP An interesting relic, a presumed functional lamp fashioned out of a World War I shell, likely Navy, 21 in. tall 8.25 in. base. the shell casing is embossed with imagery of birds and leaves while the base is inscribed with the words 'USS LILLIAN 215.' It is possible this refers to the USS Lillian II, a World War I patrol vessel. Slight discoloration else good.

Lot: 1035 - PAUL VON HINDENBURG BRONZE

PAUL VON HINDENBURG BRONZE (1847 - 1934) German general and politician, crushed the Russians at Tannenburg and in Poland, forced to yield the Chancellor's office to Hitler in 1933. A large circular bronze plaque featuring a chest up portrait of von Hindenburg in relief, 12 in. diameter x 2 in. The edge of the bronze reads: 'Fur Wahrheit und recht in treue echt' ('For truth and right in faithful real.') The reverse bears the maker's mark of 'Schnatzmark Gebler and Radebel' in Leipzig. Very light oxidation on the verso, else fine condition.

Lot: 1036 - SL 11 AIR RAID DISPLAY

SL 11 AIR RAID DISPLAY A display featuring items related to the German 'SL 11' which was the first airship to be shot down during the bombing raids of England during World War I. Included is a 5 x 3 in. commemorative postcard featuring an illustration of the airship being shot down captioned 'Zeppelin being brought down in flames', a German airship crew badge issued to men who served on the bombing raids, and a small piece of fabric recovered from the wreckage of the SL 11 with a handwritten caption that reads 'Piece of the Zeppelin brought down in flames at Cuffley...September 3, 1916.' All matted and framed. Fine condition.

Lot: 1037 - WORLD WAR I TABLE MEDALS

WORLD WAR I TABLE MEDALS Good pair of World War I-related table medals, includes: British medal commemorating the 'British Victory' at the Battle of Jutland, Obverse: Legend: 'To the Glorious Memory of Those Who Fell That Day'. Central image: trident, two flags, and a central shield with the words: '31 May 1916'. Reverse: Text (surrounded by a wreath): 'May 31, 1916, The German Fleel attacked off the coast of Jutland and driven back into port with heavy loss. Admiral Sir John Jellico, Commander in Chief, Vice Admiral Sir David Beatty Commanding Battle Cruiser Fleet.' At bottom: 'Spink & Son, 1916.' Rim/edge: clean. Circular, white metal, 45.04 mm, 31.8 grams. WITH: 1921 table medal commemorating destruction of the Library of the Catholic University of Louvain, burned by German troops in 1914 with major losses of manuscripts and books. Obverse: American eagle perched on a shield with the image of Madonna and Child with the date 'MCCCCXXV'. To the left of the main shield is a laurel wreath with an American flag insert and to the right of the main shield is another laurel wreath inet with a shield bearing a lion rampant. Bottom legend: 'HUMANITAS AMERICAE AD. MCMXXI RESTITUIT'. To the right of the Lion Rampant laurel wreath is the designer's signature: 'F. Vermeylen'. Reverse: Interior of the University of Louvain with romanesque arches and pillars holding up a beamed ceiling. Latin legend: 'BIBLIOTHECAM UNIVERSITATIS LOVANIENSIS AD. MCMXIV FERITATE GERMANICI EXERCITUS COMBUSTAM (Library of the University of Louvain savagely burnt by the Germans in 1914). Edge/rim: blank. Circular. Bronze, 60mm. Sold with another souvenir coin, ca. 1908, converted into a pendant via a hole drilled at top.

Lot: 1038 - CHARLES LOUIS AUGUSTE FOUQUET

CHARLES LOUIS AUGUSTE FOUQUET (1684 - 1761) Duc de Belle-Isle, French general and statesman, and a Marshal of France. Fouquet led a brilliant withdrawal from Prague before the Austrians, and King Louis XV would make him Secretary of State for War in 1758. Manuscript L.S., 2pp. 8vo., Grasse, Jan. 21, 1747, untranslated but apparently routine content. Very good.

Lot: 1039 - SILAS TALBOT AND THE USS GEORGE WASHINGTON

SILAS TALBOT AND THE USS GEORGE WASHINGTON (1751 - 1813) Officer in the Continental Army and in the Continental Navy during the American Revolution, also commanding the USS Constitution from 1799 to 1801. Fine content A.D.S. signed twice, 1p. 4to., Providence, Oct. 11, 1798, a list of naval officers proposed by Talbot to serve as the initial officers aboard the frigate GEORGE WASHINGTON, then being fitted-out by Talbot. Ten men are initially listed, though two apparently die before any final approval. At bottom, Talbot notes that the vessel's first captain, Patrick Fletcher, has approved the selection. A few very small interior tears else very good. GEORGE WASHINGTON was built as a merchant vessel at Providence, R.I., in 1793; purchased by the Congress at Providence 12 October 1798 from John Brown and John Francis for $10,400 in cash and $30,000 in 6 percent navy stock, for use in the developing undeclared naval war (the so-called Quasi-War) with France, and converted to a warship under the supervision of Captain Silas Talbot with Captain Patrick Fletcher in command. She recaptured two American vessels from the French, and was later commanded by William Bainbridge in a failed attempt to bribe the Barbary pirates.

Lot: 1040 - U.S.S. CONSTELLATION RELIC COIN

U.S.S. CONSTELLATION RELIC COIN U.S.S. Constellation relic coin, ca. 1950, likely copper composition, obverse picturing the vessel at sea, reverse indicating that the coin was manufactured 'from parts of the frigate'. Fine. 32mm.

Lot: 1041 - 'REMEMBER THE MAINE' BRASS BELL

'REMEMBER THE MAINE' BRASS BELL An especially rare brass bell, roughly 2.5 x 2.5 x 3.75 in., with a 2 in. metal chime, constructed for the 1901 Pan American Exposition in Buffalo, fashioned from brass recovered from the wreckage of the famous battleship USS MAINE. One side of the handle is inscribed 'The brass in this bell was recovered from the wreck of the Maine destroyed in Havana Harbor Fe. 15, 1898' while the other bears the name and date of the exposition. Slight discoloration, overall fine. The Pan American Exposition is most remembered for being the location of the assassination of President William McKinley on September 6, 1901.

Lot: 1042 - HORATIO NELSON

HORATIO NELSON (1758 - 1805) British naval officer whose brilliant tactics made the British fleet victorious in battles against the French at the Nile and Trafalgar where he was mortally wounded by a sniper. Good content manuscript L.S. 'Horatio Nelson' (a bold example with his left hand, just months after his right arm had been amputated), 1p. sm. folio, London, Nov. 11, 1797 to 'James Crow'. In part: '...I am this day favoured by your transmission to me of the Unanimous Vote of thanks which the Corporation of Norwich have been pleased to Honor me with, and also that they have honoured me with the freedom of their City...' and continues to ask that his thanks be expressed to the leaders of the city for: '...enrolling my Name amongst the Honorary Freemen of their ancient and most respectable City...', further thanking Crowe for: '...the very flattering language in which you have conveyed the high Honor wch. the City of Norwich have conferred upon me...'. Nelson concludes his letter: '...Whenever the service which I owe my King and Country will permit of my coming into Norfolk I shall then take the first opportunity of Personally thanking the Corporation of Norwich….' With blank integral leaf. A few very minor, small clean splits at the edges of a couple of folds and with some light age toning to the margins, not affecting the text or signature, otherwise very good. James Crowe (c.1750-1807) was a British surgeon who served as Mayor of Norwich in 1774 and 1797. This letter was signed by Nelson at an important stage in his career, regarded by the military historian Colin White as: 'arguably the most important year of his [Nelson's] life - his Year of Destiny,' further observing that: 'It brought him victory, and the popular adulation he craved, at the Battle of Cape St. Vincent against the Spanish in February and disaster, and a crippling wound, when his attack on Tenerife in July was bloodily repulsed. Above all, however, his actions in 1797 established his reputation as one of the leading lights of his profession and led directly to the appointment that was to raise him to the status of national hero in 1798.' (from 'Nelson - The New Letters' edited by Colin White, 2005). Having returned to England to convalesce, Nelson moved to London in October 1797 to seek expert medical attention for his amputated arm. He spent the last months of the year slowly recuperating and it was during this time that he was awarded the Freedom of the City of London (as well as Norwich, here) and a pension of £1000 per annum. During his lifetime Nelson was voted a Freeman of a number of cities and boroughs, though Norwich, in his home county of Norfolk, would have been most endearing honor bestowed to the great admiral. Ex: Sotheby's, December 1992.

Lot: 1043 - H.M.S. VICTORY COPPER HULL PLATING

H.M.S. VICTORY COPPER HULL PLATING Small section of copper plating removed from the hull of the H.M.S. VICTORY, flagship of Admiral Horation Nelson at the decisive Battle of Trafalgar. The plating, 2 x 2.5 in., is worn and holed, as one would expect. It was use to deter invasion of waterborne troublemakers such as borers and barnacles. Accompanied by a printed certificate of provenance signed in type by Lt. Cmdr. John Scivier, RN who also indicates that the sale of the relic would help fund the preservation of the vessel.

Lot: 1044 - HAIR OF ADMIRAL HORATIO NELSON

HAIR OF ADMIRAL HORATIO NELSON (1758 - 1805) British naval officer whose brilliant tactics made the British fleet victorious in battles against the French at the Nile and Trafalgar where he was mortally wounded by a sniper. An interesting relic, a single strand of Nelson's hair sent to a collector by his daughter in 1840. Mounted to a sheet with printed images of Nelson and a scan of the letter of transmittal. Fine condition.

Lot: 1045 - HMS VICTORY WOOD SECTION

HMS VICTORY WOOD SECTION A small section of wood removed from the hull of the H.M.S. VICTORY, flagship of Admiral Horatio Nelson at the decisive Battle of Trafalgar. The piece is roughly 4.5 x 4 x 1 in., and is worn and holed, as one would expect. A small engraved plaque on it reads 'Oak recovered from HMS Victory, Lord Nelson Flagship, Battle of Trafalgar 1805.'

Lot: 1046 - HMS VICTORY WOOD SECTION

HMS VICTORY WOOD SECTION A small section of wood removed from the hull of the H.M.S. VICTORY, flagship of Admiral Horatio Nelson at the decisive Battle of Trafalgar. The relic is roughly 7.25 x 3 x 1 in., and is worn and holed, as one would expect. A small engraved plaque on it reads 'Oak recovered from HMS Victory, Lord Nelson Flagship, Battle of Trafalgar 1805.'

Lot: 1047 - HMS VICTORY ENGRAVING

HMS VICTORY ENGRAVING A fine hand colored engraving of the famous HMS Victory, the flagship of Admiral Nelson during the Battle of Trafalgar in 1805, 11.5 x 9 in. (sight), color, featuring a side profile of the ship with the caption 'HMS Victory 1765-1869' and English Coat of Arms in the top right. Matted and framed with a 10 in. black cap tally of the Victory. Fine condition.

Lot: 1048 - (BATTLE OF TRAFALGAR) DEATH OF ADMIRAL NELSON NEWSPAPER

An original issue of 'The Connecticut Courant', generally known as the oldest continuously published newspaper in the U.S. (now known as The Hartford Courant), discussing the events of the Battle of Trafalgar that took place a few weeks before on October 21, and the death of Admiral Horatio Nelson (1758-1805), 4pp. 12.5 x 20 in., Hartford, December 25, 1805. In part: '...We are engaged to adds some interesting particulars which occurred before and during the action...When Lord Nelson found that, by his skillful maneuvers, he had placed the enemy in such a situation that they could not avoid an engagement he displayed the utmost animation and his usual confidence of victory. He said to Capt. Hardy and the other officers who surrounded him on the quarterdeck, 'Now they cannot escape us. I think we shall at least make sure of twenty of them, I shall probably lose a leg but that will be purchasing a victory cheaply.'...shortly after a musket ball...grazed his lordships shoulder and entered his left breast....he was immediately carried below and surgeons pronounced the would mortal...His lordship lived about an hour... which time he remained perfectly collected and displayed the famed heroic magnanimity...a few minutes before he expired...he said 'I know I am dying. I could have wished to survive to breath my last upon British ground, But the will of God be done!...Thus died in the 48th year of age, the greatest commander that ever adorned the British Navy.' Slightly worn, with scattered stains, else fine.

Lot: 1049 - DUKE OF WELLINGTON RELICS

DUKE OF WELLINGTON RELICS (1769 - 1852) British general and statesman, called the 'Iron Duke', he crushed French forces under Napoleon at the battle of Waterloo. An interesting group of relics, including multiple strands of the Wellington's hair held in a 1 in. diameter case recovered on November 23, 1839. Also present is a biscuit given to Ethelinda Potts by the Duke on June 19, 1848 with the original letter of transmittal written in the Duke's hand reading in part: 'The Duke of Wellington presents his compliments to E.J. Potts. He has received...Pott's note...and will avail himself of all opportunity of calling upon him..' All items are held within a 5.5 in. diameter glass case attached to wooden stand. Fine condition.

Lot: 1050 - (NAPOLEONIC WARS) JEAN MAXIMILIEN LAMARQUE

(1770 - 1832) French commander during the Napoleonic Wars who later became a member of the French Parliament. Lamarque served with distinction in many of Napoleon's campaigns, and was particularly noted for his capture of Capri from the British, and for his defeat of Royalist forces in the Vendee in 1815. Manuscript L.S. 'M. Lamarque', 1p. large 4to., Paris, Apr. 7, 1931, to Gen. PIERRE CLAUDE PAJOL. In part: '...Captain Gilles, a former brave soldier, has been recognized by the Commission as fit to hold a sedentary military position. The 3rd Departmental Company of Veterans is near being formed, I recommend in particular this worthy officer be placed there...'. Fine.

Lot: 1051 - (NAPOLEONIC WARS) PIERRE JOSEPH GUILLET

(1765 - 1836) French general of the Revolution and the Empire, under Leclerc in Portugal and Marmont in Dalmatia, and in 1807 he was sent to the islands of Brazza and Solta to maintain order there after the departure of the Russians. Partly-printed D.S., 1p. 13.5 x 10 in., a leave issued to a soldier, signed at top. Moderate to heavy soiling, some edge wear.

Lot: 1052 - (SINKING OF THE USS MAINE) SAMPSON'S COURT OF INQUIRY

(SINKING OF THE USS MAINE) SAMPSON'S COURT OF INQUIRY An official published government report titled 'The Report of the Naval Court of Inquiry Upon the Destruction of the United States Battleship Maine in Havana Harbor February 15, 1898', (Washington: U.S. Government Printing Office), 1898, 302pp. 8vo., containing the court's findings, transcripts of testimonies given, and charts or illustrations used as evidence. Slightly worn with chipping to the cover and binding, with a few scattered stains. On February 15, 1898, and explosion occurred on board the USS Maine which was stationed in Havana Harbor to protect US interests in the Cuban War of Independence. The explosion originated in the ships stores of its six- and ten-inch ammunition, but what caused the original catalyst was heavily debated. Only 94 of the ships original 355 crew survived the blast, and an investigation was immediately opened to discover what happened. This inquiry, known as the 'Sampson Board' was headed by Captain William T. Sampson and began on February 21 taking testimonies from survivors, witnesses. Divers were also sent to investigate the wreck. Naval officials argued there was no way the explosion could have been an accident or the fault of the crew. The report finally concluded that the Maine had been blown up by a mine, mostly due to witnesses claiming they had heard a smaller explosion seconds prior to the main blast. This conclusion brought national attention to the issue, and with the help of "yellow journalism", garnered widespread support to initiate war with Spain to gain retribution. When the U.S. began the Spanish American War two months later, the McKinley administration would not cite the explosion as one of its causes, yet the rallying cry 'Remember the Maine! To hell with Spain!' still swept the nation.

Lot: 1053 - [BARBARY WARS] CHARLES G. RIDGELY

[BARBARY WARS] CHARLES G. RIDGELY Nice content A.D.S., 1p. 12mo., [Baltimore], May 14, 1815, a bill for pilotage for the U.S.S. ERIE: '...from Baltimore outside the Capes, for fifteen feet of water...' signed by CHARLES G. RIDGELY (1784–1848) Ridgely fought under Edward Preble in the First Barbary War, before serving as the commander of the Pacific Station (1820–1822), the West Indies Squadron (1827–1830), the Brooklyn Navy Yard (1833–1839), and the Brazil Squadron (1840–1842). Signed by the pilot and chief of pilots as well. The ERIE sailed to Boston to join Commodore William Bainbridge's squadron sailing for the Mediterranean on July 2. Chip at bottom margin, else very good.

Lot: 1054 - [WAR OF 1812] OFFICIAL SEAMAN'S PROTECTION CERTIFICATE

[WAR OF 1812] OFFICIAL SEAMAN'S PROTECTION CERTIFICATE Scarce partly-printed D.S., 1p. large 8vo., issued by William R. Lee, Customs Collector for the District of Salem and Beverly, Mass., Nov. 24, 1806 attesting that Joseph S. Foster was an 'American Seaman, aged Eighteen years or thereabouts, and as per the "Act for the Relief and Protection of Seamen" of May 28, 1796 has produced evidence that he is a 'Citizen of the United States of America'. Some staining at bottom, toned with a few other scattered stain, folds as one would expect, and a corner chip, still overall entirely presentable. Such documents were important to American seamen as they prevented seizure and impressment into the Royal Navy from an American ship, one of the major causes of the War of 1812 which broke out just six years later. Seamen's Protection Certificates were usually printed documents, varying in size and style, and were carried by American seamen as proof of citizenship. The certificate was obtained by the individual through the custom house, public notary, or U.S. Consul when required in a foreign port. It contained the person's name, birthplace, approximate age, height, skin color, eye and hair color, and other distinctive descriptive information, such as the location of scars or tattoos. 'United States of America' was often printed prominently across the top, and the word 'protection' might also appear. Small engravings of the American eagle often served to decorate and establish the nationality of the holder. A serial number was included on every Customs Protection Certificate for record keeping purposes. The wording of the document was standardized, verbatim from the Act of 1796. Because it was easy to abuse the system of proving ones citizenship, the Royal Navy did not always honor the Protection Certificates. Collectors were required to keep a record the certificates issued and send quarterly lists to the State Department. As the threat to American freedom on the high seas began to disappear, Protection Certificates became more valuable as identification, and they were used as such until 1940, when the Seamen's Continuous Discharge Book replaced them.

Lot: 1055 - EAGLE UNIFORM BUTTON RECOVERED AT THE LITTLE BIG HORN

EAGLE UNIFORM BUTTON RECOVERED AT THE LITTLE BIG HORN Eagle uniform button recovered from the site of 'Custer's Last Stand' at the Battle of the Little Big Horn, June 25-26, 1876. The button measures 3/4 in. wide and was made by Horstmann. It retains excellent detail, indicating it was recovered within a few years of the battle. Accompanied by a dealer's COA, as well as provenance signed in type by Linda D. Thompson, Mayor of Harrisburg, Pa. indicating that the piece had come from the sale of the city's huge collection of Western Americana, disposed of when plans for a museum in the city fell apart.

Lot: 1056 - BUTTON RECOVERED AT THE LITTLE BIG HORN

BUTTON RECOVERED AT THE LITTLE BIG HORN Gilt button or pull recovered from the site of 'Custer's Last Stand' at the Battle of the Little Big Horn, June 25-26, 1876. This ornamental object is 1 3/8 in. wide with a heavily-soldered loop attached to the reverse. We speculate it may even have been used as part of a horse's tack. Gilding worn a bit, else very good. Accompanied by a dealer's COA, as well as provenance signed in type by Linda D. Thompson, Mayor of Harrisburg, Pa. indicating that the piece had come from the sale of the city's huge collection of Western Americana, disposed of when plans for a museum in the city fell apart.

Lot: 1057 - BUCKLE RECOVERED AT THE LITTLE BIG HORN

BUCKLE RECOVERED AT THE LITTLE BIG HORN Small, ornate brass buckle and strap remnant recovered from the site of 'Custer's Last Stand' at the Battle of the Little Big Horn, June 25-26, 1876. The 1 1/2 in wide gilt buckle still retains a small bit of strap attached, indicating it must have been recovered shortly after the battle Accompanied by a dealer's COA, as well as provenance signed in type by Linda D. Thompson, Mayor of Harrisburg, Pa. indicating that the piece had come from the sale of the city's huge collection of Western Americana, disposed of when plans for a museum in the city fell apart.

Lot: 1058 - CAVALRY ACCESSORY RECOVERED AT THE LITTLE BIG HORN

CAVALRY ACCESSORY RECOVERED AT THE LITTLE BIG HORN An apparent cavalry accessory, a tack item recovered from the site of 'Custer's Last Stand' at the Battle of the Little Big Horn, June 25-26, 1876. This item which once held a strap, measures 3 in. wide and is in dug condition. Accompanied by a dealer's COA, as well as provenance signed in type by Linda D. Thompson, Mayor of Harrisburg, Pa. indicating that the piece had come from the sale of the city's huge collection of Western Americana, disposed of when plans for a museum in the city fell apart.

Lot: 1059 - 7TH CAVALRY CO. A BRASS INSIGNIA

7TH CAVALRY CO. A BRASS INSIGNIA Solid brass crossed swords insignia of Co. A, 7th Cavalry, 5 in. wide and 2 1/2 in. tall, holes in the extreme corners where it was once likely affixed to a trunk or other solid piece of military equipment. Slightly bent, else very good. According to a previous owner, this piece was dug at a Fort Laramie dump site, likely predating the Little Big Horn debacle. Rare.

Lot: 1060 - 7TH CAVALRY MODEL 1881 SHAKO HELMET PLATE

7TH CAVALRY MODEL 1881 SHAKO HELMET PLATE Scarce shako helmet plate from the famous 7th Cavalry, stamped brass, 5 in. tall overall, lacking fixing pins on reverse. 'W. Stokes Kirk' makers label remains affixed to verso. Very good.

Lot: 1061 - A SECTION OF THE U.S.S. CONSTELLATION

A SECTION OF THE U.S.S. CONSTELLATION A fine Navy relic, a large section of wood taken from the USS CONSTELLATION during her restoration in Baltimore ca. 1990. The 4.5 x 5 x 3 in. section of sturdy oak bears a light coating of tar on one side, and multiple coats of white paint on the opposite side. This relic is accompanied by a letter from the vessel's curator, HUGH BENET, JR. (1922-1999) who wrote the included letter of provenance on the vessel's letterhead: 'This certifies that this piece of timber was removed from the Orlop Deck of the U.S.F. CONSTELLATION during overhaul and repair.' A nice piece of history. The CONSTELLATION was the last sail-only warship designed and built by the United States Navy, in 1854. The sloop's primary armament was 8-inch shell-firing guns and four 32-pounder long guns, though she carried other guns as well, including two Parrott rifle chase guns. After she entering service in 1855, she served with the Mediterranean Squadron until 1858, and in 1859, she was assigned as the flagship of the Africa Squadron, where she served with the African Slave Trade Patrol. During the Civil War, the ship returned to the Mediterranean to patrol for Confederate vessels. The orlop is the lowest deck in a ship.

Lot: 1062 - AMERICAN NAVAL BELT BUCKLES

AMERICAN NAVAL BELT BUCKLES Pair of brass American Navy belt buckles, the first from the Civil War, 2 1/4 in. wide, maker marked 'J. STARKE', London, the second from the Spanish-American War, 3 in. wide, unmarked. Very good.

Lot: 1063 - AMERICAN REGIMENT PHOTOGRAPH

AMERICAN REGIMENT PHOTOGRAPH Original photograph depicting an unknown regiment of the American military, 13.75 x 10 in., sepia, (New York: Pach Brothers), [n.d. but post 1867 due to publisher] showing soldiers standing in formation. Slight toning and foxing. Mounted.

Lot: 1064 - ANTIQUE LEATHER POWDER FLASK

18th or 19th century powder flask, measuring approx. 9 x 3.5 in., bearing hunting-related images in relief on each side. Leather cracking and flaking, original stitching on the perimeter completely absent, easily remedied with a quick re-stitching. Sold with some original shot.

Lot: 1065 - ANTOINE JOSEPH MARIE VALETTE

(1748 - 1823) French general of the Revolution and the Empire, ordered to defend Castiglione to the last man, he abandoned the city. Returning to Italy, he was capture, finally released, and yet again given commands by Napoleon. A.L.S. on his imprinted general's letterhead, 1p. 8vo., Besancon, Aug. 25, 1804 to the mayor of the Commune of Saint Martin Dufresne. Valette pens a letter of introduction for a member of the Legion of Honor, retired from the 3rd Regiment. Some marginal foxed spots, else very good.

Lot: 1066 - ARMY AND NAVY STATUES

ARMY AND NAVY STATUES Excellent pair of Army and Navy statues, ca. 1890s., unmarked yet attributed to Bradley and Hubbard Manufacturing Company of Connecticut. Each statue is approx. 12.5 in. tall with engraved brass plates at the base, reading 'Army' and 'Navy'. Each young soldier wears the appropriate uniform and brandishes a rifle, the sailor standing above the remnants of a cannon. The barrel of each rifle is threaded and detachable for storage, and each reconnects flawlessly. Very good condition overall, with much of the original bronze finish gone and a broken buttstock to the sailor's rifle. A fantastic display piece, though bidders should expect heightened shipping prices due to the size and weight of this lot.

Lot: 1067 - ARTHUR SINCLAIR

ARTHUR SINCLAIR (1780 – 1831) Early American naval hero, who served in the U.S. Navy during the Quasi-War with France, the First Barbary War and in the War of 1812. He commanded ARGUS with the North Atlantic Squadron and took a number of prizes. During the cruise, he became separated from the squadron and was chased for three days by an enemy squadron before his superior ship handling enabled him to escape. Manuscript L.S. with integral address leaf, 1p. 4to., Norfolk, July 17, 1820, to Capt. William M. Crane, commanding the frigate UNITED STATES. Sinclair advises Crane that he has been appointed to preside over a court martial to be held aboard the UNITED STATES the following day in order to try Seaman John Denny and others. Sinclair also lists others sitting in judgement. Fine.

Lot: 1068 - BERTRAND CLAUZEL

BERTRAND CLAUZEL (1772 – 1842) Marshal of France, considered by Napoleon to be one of his most successful generals. He fought desperately in the Peninsular Campaign, and fled to the United States to escape a death sentence following Waterloo and Napoleon's exile. Manuscript L.S., 1p. 4to., Paris, June 7, 1831 following his return to France, to French attorney Louis-Antoine Macarel. Not translated but refers to a legal dispute over a parcel of land adjoining a monastery. Very good.

Lot: 1069 - BRIG OF WAR SOMERS CONGRESSIONAL MEDAL

BRIG OF WAR SOMERS CONGRESSIONAL MEDAL The Loss of the Brig Somers Medal 1846 - Bronze. Obverse: Engraver marked 'C.C. Wright' and illustrates the U.S. Brig Somers foundering, with the Latin legend 'Somers navis Americana. Ante Vera Cruz, Dec. 10th, 1846' ('American ship Somers lost off Vera Cruz'). Reverse: Illustrates British boats going to the rescue and the Latin inscription: 'Pro Vitis Americanorum Conservatis' ('For Saving American Lives'), 58 mm. Very good. The London Gazette of December 2, 1851 stated that the United States Government awarded medals to thirty-nine officers and crew of the Royal Navy ships HMS Endymion, HMS Alarm and HMS Daring, in recognition of their efforts saving several of the officers and crew of the United States Brig Somers, which foundered in a sudden squall in the harbor of Vera Cruz, Mexico on December 10, 1846.

Lot: 1070 - CAPT. JAMES LAWRENCE COMMEMORATIVE MEDAL

CAPT. JAMES LAWRENCE COMMEMORATIVE MEDAL Commemorative medal of Captain James Lawrence and his capture of the Peacock by Moritz Furst (signed: FURST F). Obverse reads: 'JAC LAWRENCE DULCE ET DECORUM EST PRO PATRIA MORI' with a full military bust facing right. Reverse reads: 'MANSUETUD MAJ QUAM VICTORIA' with a scene of the naval engagement between the Hornet and the Peacock. Bottom reads: FURST F -- INTER HORNET NAV AMERI ET PEACOCK NAV ANG DIE XXIV FEB MDCCCXIII UNC'. Bronze, 66 mm, plain smooth edge, no edge mint marks; circa 1960s. Julian NA-14

Lot: 1071 - CHARLES STEWART

CHARLES STEWART (1778-1869) Officer in the United States Navy who commanded multiple ships including the USS Constitution and served during the War of 1812. Black ink signature on a 2.5 in. slip cut from another document. Mounted. Fine condition.

Lot: 1072 - CHARLES-ANTOINE MORAND

CHARLES-ANTOINE MORAND (1771 – 1835) Comte de l'Empire, a general of the French army during the French Revolutionary Wars and Napoleonic Wars. He fought at many of the most important battles of the time, including Austerlitz, Borodino and Waterloo. Manuscript L.S. 'Morand' as Commander of the 23rd Division, 1p. 4to., [n.p., n.d.], in French to 'Notre Excellence'. Loosely translated, Morand refers to a letter sent a lieutenant at the Colonial Depot of Corsica and the acceptance of the man's resignation. One corner nealy excised, else fine.

Lot: 1073 - CONSTANTIN FRANCOIS DE CHASSEBOEUF

(1757-1820) French statesmen in the National Assembly and the Estates General, thrown in prison at the triumph of the Jacobins, yet barely escaped the guillotine. Napoleon later made him a Count and Senator, then a Peer of France. A.L.S. 'Volney', 1p. 8vo., Paris, Aug. 29, 1813, a vague letter written to an unnamed man, asking if his work has started and promising him 'work of no importance' if his work has not begun. Very good to fine.

Lot: 1074 - DAVID PORTER

DAVID PORTER (1780-1843) U.S. Navy commodore who served during the Quasi-War with France, the Barbary Wars and the War of 1812, commanding ships including USS ENTERPRISE, USS ESSEX and USS CONSTITUTION. Later became commander-in-chief of the Mexican Navy. A.D.S. 'D. Porter', 1p oblong 8vo., Washington, D.C., Jan. 7, 1821, ordering the payment of twenty-five dollars to a sailor. Shows original folds with splits repaired on the verso with fabric tape, as well as mounting traces to the verso, else very good.

Lot: 1075 - EDWARD PREBLE

EDWARD PREBLE (1761 – 1807) American naval officer who served with great distinction during the First Barbary War, leading American attacks on Tripoli and forming the officer corps that would later lead the Navy in the War of 1812. Rare, fine association A.L.S. with holograph address leaf, 1p. 4to., 'New York, Mar. 29, 1805 to Secretary of War HENRY DEARBORN in Washington. In part: '...I have examined the two 13 Inch Mortars at this place and find them to be iron sea mortars apparently in excellent order...a new order will be necessary from you...I expected ere this to have reached home but a respect due to the attentions of my countrymen has arrested my progress that way...' Four tiny bits of tape on verso caused toned marginal spots, else very good.

Lot: 1076 - ETIENNE MACDONALD

ETIENNE MACDONALD (1765 - 1804) 1st Duke of Taranto, a Marshal of the Empire and military leader during the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars. At Wagram, he broke the Austrian center, taking huhe losses but winning the day for Napoleon. Fine association manuscript L.S., 2pp. legal folio on 'Grande Chancellery of the Royal Order of the Legion of Honor' letterhead, Paris, March 25, 1820 to Marshal of the Empire LOUIS-NICOLAS DAVOUT (1770-1823). In part: '...You will no doubt receive with interest the communication of the information which I have been able to collect...[on] the arrears on the Mount of Milan...The Minister of Foreign Affairs...referring me to the Moniteur of January 8...Explanations that I will have taken in the offices of the Ministry at the same time, made me recognize that the contributors have nothing to produce because their titles are neither bonds, nor prescriptions, and because the registrations of which they are carriers are not original titles, that the debts whose titles must be deposited are those which consist of documents not yet examined...' Fine.

Lot: 1077 - FRANCO-PRUSSIAN WAR MEDAL

FRANCO-PRUSSIAN WAR MEDAL Franco-Prussia War Medal. Obverse: Legend 'Labor 1910'. In center France personified as a standing woman, reads: 'LABOR 1910 1870-71', signed at bottom right: 'Georges Lemaire'. Reverse: Legend "Progres Gloire". In center a flag, lettered: 'Honneur et Patrie'; to left of flag an oak branch and to right rifles, swords, etc., below flag, a plaque. Oxidized spot, should be cleaned.

Lot: 1078 - FRANCOIS CHRISTOPHE DE KELLERMANN

FRANCOIS CHRISTOPHE DE KELLERMANN (1735 -1820) French military commander, Freemason, and Marshal of France (1735-1820) who fought throughout the French Revolutionary Wars and the Napoleonic Wars. Good content manuscript L.S., 1p. 8vo., 1810[?], a neatly-penned letter to a lady announcing the arrival of the French in Seville, apparently during the Spanish Campaign. Near fine.

Lot: 1079 - FRANCOIS JOSEPH LEFEBVRE

FRANCOIS JOSEPH LEFEBVRE (1755 – 1820) Duc de Dantzig, French military commander during the Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars and one of the original eighteen Marshals of the Empire created by Napoleon. Manuscript L.S., 1p. legal folio, Paris, 1802, untranslated but mentions Kellerman and a gathering on the same day. Very good.

Lot: 1080 - FRENCH M1874 GRAS BAYONET

FRENCH M1874 GRAS BAYONET A late nineteenth century French bayonet for the Gras rifle, 20.5 in. blade, 25 in. overall, with a brass wooden grip and curved quillon, scabbard absent. No maker's marks present. Inscribed along the side of the blade in is the name 'L. Derry[?]' followed by 'Paris 1881.' Moderate oxidation throughout. Tip of the blade slightly bent. The M1874 Gras Rifle was the standard issue model of the French military from 1874-86.

Lot: 1081 - FRENCH M1874 GRAS BAYONET

FRENCH M1874 GRAS BAYONET A late nineteenth century French bayonet for the Gras rifle, 20.5 in. blade, 27.5 in. overall, with wood grip and curved cross guard, housed in a black metal scabbard. No maker's marks present due to oxidation. Scabbard and cross guard moderately rusted. Inscribed along the side of the blade in French 'Mre d'Armes de St Etienne Juillet 1876'. The M1874 Gras Rifle was the standard issue model of the French military from 1874-86.

Lot: 1082 - FRENCH M1874 GRAS BAYONET

FRENCH M1874 GRAS BAYONET A late nineteenth century French bayonet for the Gras rifle, 23.5 in. blade, 28 in. overall, with wood grip and curved cross guard, housed in a black metal scabbard. No maker's marks present due to oxidation. Scabbard and cross guard moderately rusted. Inscribed along the side of the blade in French 'Mre d'Armes de St Etienne Juillet 1874' stating the blade was manufactured in St. Etienne. The M1874 Gras Rifle was the standard issue model of the French military from 1874-86.

Lot: 1083 - FRENCH M1886 LEBEL BAYONET

FRENCH M1886 LEBEL BAYONET A late nineteenth century French bayonet for the Lebel rifle, 14 in. blade, 19 in. overall, with a lead alloy hilt, no cross guard, long cruciform blade, and press button. Serial numbers indiscernible due to oxidation. Accompanied by an original black metal scabbard. Overall fine. The Lebel rifle the standard issue model of the French military from 1886 through World War I.

Lot: 1084 - G. MORIAN BREVETE FRENCH PISTOL

G. MORIAN BREVETE FRENCH PISTOL An interesting long barreled single shot pistol, 12 in. barrel, 15.5 in. overall, manufactured by the 'G. Morian Brevete' in Paris, likely 1880s. The single action gun fires a small caliber bullet, likely a .22, with no other marks except a proof of inspection stamp. A button near the action breaks the barrel so that it can be loaded. The trigger, action, and barrel break are all still functional. The black wood grip is secured on both sides with screws. Discoloration throughout, else very good.

Lot: 1085 - GEORGE DEWEY

GEORGE DEWEY (1837 - 1917) American Admiral of the Navy, the only person in U.S. history to attain the rank. Served under Farragut in the Civil War but known for his famous success at the Battle of Manila Bay during the Spanish American War, achieving victory with only a single casualty. T.L.S. on office letterhead, 1p. 4to., Washington D.C., September 1, 1909, to an individual thanking him for sending a newspaper copy announcing his victory at Manila Bay. Fine condition.

Lot: 1086 - HONORE GAZAN

HONORE GAZAN (1765 – 1845) French general who fought in the French Revolutionary Wars and the Napoleonic War. He joined Massena and fought at the battles of Winterthur and First Zurich and commanded a division of the Army that encircled the Austrians in Ulm. Under Mortier, his division provided the advance guard in the advance on Vienna, but became surrounded by Kutuzov's army and he lost 40 percent of his force at Durenstein. With Lannes on the Iberian peninsula, he captured of Zaragoza and fought at Albuera and Vitoria. Excellent content D.S., 60pp. 8vo., Grasse, December, 1812, 'Situation of the troops composing the Imperial Army of the Midi', setting forth the entire strength of this formidable force then encamped near Grasse in Provence. This is a very detailed report, with officers named, and every division of foot soldiers, cavalry and artillery described. Gazan boldly signs the last page. The Armee du Midi had been the principal force engaged by Massena at Albuera. Soult and Beresford battled each other to a draw, both sides taking huge losses.

Lot: 1087 - INDO-PERSIAN KULAH KUDE NOBLEMAN'S HELMET

Scarce 18th century Kulah-Khud that very likely belonged to an Indo-Persian nobleman, hand-crafted out of a hemispherical steel plate with a spike, two plume-holders (one on each side), and a screw-adjustable nose-guard. The skull has been beautifully-decorated over its entire surface with floral patterns and designs, though oxidation and age has obscured most of the detail. Towards the rear is a neck-defense chain-mail crafted out of rounded links, also badly oxidized. In relic condition, estimated accordingly.

Lot: 1088 - ISAAC HULL

ISAAC HULL (1773 - 1843) American naval officer who commanded the Constitution in its victory over the British warship Guerriere in the War of 1812. A.D.S. 1p. 8 x 3 1/2 in., Washington, Apr. 26, 1831, a promissory note in the amount of $350. Clean cut cancels clear of signature and with no loss, else fine.

Lot: 1089 - JOHN DOWNES

JOHN DOWNES (1784-1854) U.S. Navy commodore who commanded numerous ships during the Barbary Wars, the War of 1812 and the First Sumatran Expedition, including the USS JAVA, USS MACEDONIAN and USS POTOMAC. A.L.S. 'Jno. Downes', 1p. 4to., 'Navy Yard Boston', May 18, 1838, a letter of recommendation for midshipman J.H. Adams, in part: '...his deportment, during that period, both as an officer & gentleman, was such as to command my approbation.' He signs boldly at the conclusion in black ink, adding his rank 'Capt. U.S. Navy'. A printed biographical extract has been affixed at the bottom left corner, shows mounting remnants to the top edge of the verso and a small area of paper loss where the original seal has been opened, not affecting any text, else very good.

Lot: 1090 - JOHN RODGERS

JOHN RODGERS (1772 - 1838) American naval officer who served with distinction in the Quasi War with France, the Barbary Wars and the War of 1812. He fired the first shot of the War of 1812 in command of the USS President and led the recapture of Washington after it was burned by the British in 1814. He served briefly as Secretary of the Navy under James Monroe. Manuscript L.S., 1p. 4to., Gibraltar, Nov. 9, 1825. Rodgers writes from aboard the U.S.S. NORTH CAROLINA, his flagship, to SAMUEL SOUTHARD, Secretary of the Navy sending an account concerning the payment of his crew. In part: '...I have the honor to advise that I have this day drawn Bills of Exchange...in favor of James M. Halsey, Esq. the whole amount being Twenty three hundred pounds...on acct. of Pay...' Fine.

Lot: 1091 - JOHN RODGERS

JOHN RODGERS (1772 - 1838) American naval officer who served with distinction in the Quasi War with France, the Barbary Wars and the War of 1812. He fired the first shot of the War of 1812 in command of the USS President and led the recapture of Washington after it was burned by the British in 1814. He served briefly as Secretary of the Navy under James Monroe. Manuscript A.D.S. as President of the Navy Board, 1p. 4to. 'Navy Commissioners Office' [Washington], Apr. 11, 1817. In part: '...The Board of Navy Commissioners will receive proposals to charter a vessel burthened about 2500 barrels, to take in a cargo between first and tenth of May next, at this place, & proceed to the Mediterranean...' Marginal chips and some soiling, else very good.

Lot: 1092 - LAZARE HOCHE

LAZARE HOCHE (1768 – 1797) was a French soldier who served during the French Revolutionary Wars and rose to become a general of the Revolutionary Army. He won a key victory over Royalist forces in Brittany. Manuscript L.S. on 'Armee de l'Ouest' letterhead, Nantes, 1p. 4to., Nov. 26, 1795 to Gen. EMMANUEL DE GROUCHY (1766-1847). In part: '..."It was not for me, General, to accept the resignation of an officer. I referred Citizen Cormier's request to the Government. He will get it with a pension which I requested to reward him for his good and loyal service...' Lightly toned at margins, a few foxed spots, else very good.

Lot: 1093 - LOUIS-NICOLAS DAVOUT

LOUIS-NICOLAS DAVOUT (1770 - 1823) French military commander and Marshal of the Empire who served during both the French Revolutionary Wars and the Napoleonic Wars. His talent for war, along with his reputation as a stern disciplinarian, earned him the nickname 'The Iron Marshal'. Manuscript L.S. as 'Prince d'Eckmuhl, 8pp. legal folio, Hamburg, 1811, a long letter on the financial management of his salt mine: '...I see that the expenditure items are excessive, for example in the first quarter in January there is a bill of more than 10,000 guilders in timber...The purchase of the materials seems to me also very consequent, as well as the salary information that I have on the members of the administration of the mine being all to their advantage...See that there would not be no more unnecessary expenses which would result in bad uses...' Very good.

Lot: 1094 - MAHLON DICKERSON

MAHLON DICKERSON (1770 - 1853) Judge, New Jersey statesman, and Secretary of the Navy under Presidents Andrew Jackson and Martin Van Buren. Manuscript L.S., 1p. 4to., 'Navy Department', Oct. 4, 1837 to Navy Surgeon Dr. William P. C. Barton. Dickerson advises that Barton has been selected to serve as president of a board of naval surgeons being convened to examine candidates for the position of Assistant Surgeon in the Navy, the examination to include 'moral character as well as to scientific and professional attainments...' Attached to the letter is a report of the findings of the board, listing about 30 men, their home states, and whether approved, disapproved, or not appearing. Some edge faults, else very good.

Lot: 1095 - MARTIN GAUDIN

MARTIN GAUDIN (1756 – 1841) French statesman who served as Minister of Finance of the French Empire under Napoleon I, from November 1799 to March 1814, and during the Hundred Days following Napoleon's return from exile in Elba. Manuscript letter signed 'The Duke of Gaete', 1p. legal folio, Paris, May 22, 1812, in part: '...I have the honor to address to Your Excellency, on January 31, following the request she had made to me, several statements of the members of the old order of St. Stephen in Tuscany. If these statements are no longer necessary for him, I beg Your Excellency to send them back to me...' Very good.

Lot: 1096 - MEXICAN WAR OFFICER'S LETTER HOME

Mexican War-date A.L.S., 3pp., 4to., Alvarado, May 11, 1848, from Army officer D.S. Edwards to his wife in 'Sing-Sing' [Ossining], NY, updating her about his deployment. In part: '...Keep out of debt as much as you can. In order to do that you will have to keep an economical table and travel very little...We talk of having peace by the 15th instant in which case I may soon be at home, and go straight to work...'. Edwards also makes notes about his observations of Mexico, in part: '...The Indians are very numerous in the interior & threaten to drive all but their own race out of the country as they are now attempting to do at Yucatan...'. Minor folds, else fine. The letter's verso contains a fine Mexican War cancellation: 'VERA CRUZ MEXICO MAY '11' with a '10' also stamped thereon.

Lot: 1097 - MEXICAN WAR TREATY

Fine content Mexican war-date A.L.S. 'Jacob Z. Hoffer', 3pp., large 4to., San Angelo, April, 1848, to his parents in Carlisle, Pa. Hoffer, a dentist by trade who served under Genl. Winfield Scott, writes chiefly of the pending Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, in part: '... The treaty arrived here some days ago ratified by our congress but some think it is doubtful whether the Mexican congress will accept of it or not. . . we will be called home if James Polk keeps his promise...'. American diplomat Nicholas Trist had negotiated and signed this treaty on behalf of the U.S. on Feb. 2, 1848. The U.S. Senate amended the treaty and ratified it on Mar.10, 1848. It was then sent to the Mexican government, which ratified it on May 19, 1848. However, Trist's treaty was not without difficulty; Trist had refused an order from Polk to cease negotiations and return to the United States, but Trist refused and concluded the treaty anyway, an action for which he was fired. Hoffer mentions this as well, in part: '... I also heard today that Mr. Trist is called home as a prisoner, a nice way after ratifying his treaty...'. Age toned with moderate soiling and folds, else very good.

Lot: 1098 - MODEL 1804 U.S. OFFICER'S COIN SILVER EAGLE GORGET

MODEL 1804 U.S. OFFICER'S COIN SILVER EAGLE GORGET Very rare, original Model 1804 American officer's coin silver gorget, attributed to Major General AARON DAVIS CAPEN (1796-1866), the youngest major general in Massachusetts history. This beautiful piece measures 4 1/2 in. front to back, 3 3/4 in. wide, with a twisted silver wire lanyard. It bears a fabulous applied American Federal eagle at the front, with exquisite detail, and the entire piece is in virtually untouched condition. In a presentation shadow box, easily opened. In 1822, Capen was mustered into the 1st Regiment, 1st Brigade of the Massachusetts State Militia. In 1824, the 28 year-old Colonel Capen entertained the Marquis de Lafayette at his home in Dorchester. He continued to rapid rise through the ranks, and was commissioned a brigadier general in 1827, and a major general on Feb. 22, 1829. In 1834, cheated by his brother, Capen moved to Maine where this gorget was purchased.

Lot: 1099 - NAUTICAL CAPTAIN'S HAT

19th-century nautical captain's hat, white wool body with black hat band and chinstrap, leather sweatband. A size sticker '7' is applied to the rear sweatband, next to an impressed maker's mark from 'ALCO Brand[?]'. Intriguingly, an owner has written the name 'C.M. Perry' on the sweatband, suggesting it may have been owned by Commodore MATTHEW PERRY (1794-1858), though that is pure speculation. A later note included with the hat indicates it was found in an estate in Stonington, Connecticut - just 15 miles west of New London, where Perry's ship was trapped at port by the British blockade during the War of 1812. The sweatband is becoming unstitched, the chinstrap is severed, lightly stained throughout. We have absolutely no further provenance, thus the cap is estimated accordingly and sold as is.

Lot: 1100 - NAVAL TABLE MEDALS (4)

NAVAL TABLE MEDALS (4) Lot of three naval table medals, includes: Medal of Horatio Nelson and of his ship 'Foudroyant', 1897, fashioned from the vessel's original metal. Obverse: Bust of Nelson with his hat facing left. Circular coil wreath surrounding full medal and image and text. Legend: Horatio Viscount Nelson'. Below the bust: 'Born. 29th September 1758. Died. 21st October 1805' Reverse: Same circular coil wreath around edge. Legend: 'Foudroyant'. Lord Nelson's Flagship. Medal struck from copper of vessel after breaking up.' Centered: image of the ship. Text below the ship: 'Commenced building. 1789. Launched at Plymouth April 1798. Wrecked at Blackpool June 16th 1897.' Rim/edge: clean. Circular, 37 mm. Copper. WITH: Howe, Earl, Admiral. 1820 Commemorative medal for his defeat of the French fleet off Ushant, 1794. Obverse: Image: Howe in uniform bust right. Legend: "Earl Howe Adml. of the White KG." Below the bust: "Mudie D: W:Wyon. F:". Reverse: image: Neptune riding in horse drawn chariot. Legend: " French Fleet Defeated off Ushant. Mudie.D: W.Wyon f." Below the Neptune image: "VII Sail of the Line Captured I. June MDCCXCIV." Rim/edge: clean. Circular, bronze, 41.97 mm, 40.88 grams. WITH: bronze commemorative medal of the 200th anniversary of the 1728 battle of the Gangut Sea Battles with the Swedish Rear Admiral Nils Ehrenschild, by the Marine Officers' Association/Navy Association (Finland). Obverse: Bust of Ehrenschild to the right. Legend: 'Nils Ehrenschiold, 1728-1928.' Below bust: 'Meriupseeriyhdistys Laivastoyhdistys'. Reverse: image of a sea battle. Legend: 'Invictus Animus Fides Incorrupta' ('Courage of incorruptable Faith'). Rim/edge: mint mark and 'Bronze'. Circular, 59mm. WITH: Jeanne d'Arc (French Cruiser). Obverse: bust of Jeanne d'Arc, with lettering surrounding the medal: Jeanne d'Arc, Orleans [dot] Reimes [dot] Rouen. With the designer's name: G. Prud'homme. Reverse: Image of the ship in center, lettering at top in two lines: Jeanne D'Arc Croiseur Ecole. At bottom an anchor design with rope and seaweed? design with a rectangular box (empty). Rim/edge: mark of the Paris Mint, and 'bronze'. The Jeanne d'Arc was a school cruiser for officers of the French Navy, the second ship to bear the name. Built in Saint-Nazaire, launched 1930, commissioned October 1931, survived WWII and was decommissioned in 1964 and scrapped. She held 156 student officers during training. All in very good condition.

Lot: 1101 - OLIVER HAZARD PERRY

OLIVER HAZARD PERRY (1785 - 1819) Perry served in the West Indies during the Quasi War of 1798–1800, in the Barbary Wars of 1801–1815, and in the Caribbean fighting piracy and the slave trade, but is most noted for his heroic role in the Battle of Lake Erie, leading American forces in a decisive naval victory. He is remembered for the words on his battle flag, 'Don't Give Up the Ship'. Rare excellent content A.L.S. 'O. H. Perry', 2pp. 4to., Newport, July 17, 1817 to Edward J. Coal in Baltimore. Perry reacts to a pamphlet just published by an officer involved in a physical altercation with him. In part: '...sincere thanks...for your kind offer in giving currency to any reply I might make to Heaths pamphlet - while I am sensible that this book containing as it does many falsehoods and much distortion of the truth will make in the opinions of many good men impressions unfavorable to me - I shall decline altogether in noticing it - It is a source of mortification that nearly twenty years of honorable service should not have found in the public mind some favor - and that a worthless fellow, whom misconduct & impertinence brought upon himself a chastisement...should have it in his power...to injure my character I must console myself with the good opinion of the Government & a few friends...I trust you...are among the numbers...' Fine condition. While in command of the Java and anchored at Naples in July, 1814, an unseemly incident caused Perry to slap the Java's Marine officer, John Heath. Both men brought charges against each other in October, 1816 and after highly-politicized courts martial, were given verbal reprimands. Nevertheless, Perry's otherwise sterling reputation was tarnished for the episode.

Lot: 1102 - PAUL GRENIER

(1768-1827) General officer during the French Revolutionary Wars, leading a division in the 1796-1797 campaign in southern Germany. Beginning in 1809, in the Napoleonic Wars, Emperor Napoleon I entrusted him with corps commands in the Italian theater. Good association A.L.S. as Lieutenant of the Army of the Rhine on his military letterhead, 1p. 4to., Ratisbonne [likely French for the German city of Regensburg], Aug. 6, 1800, addressed to one 'Major General Dessolles' - almost certainly referring to future Prime Minister of France JEAN-JOSEPH, MARQUIS DESSOLLES (1767 - 1828). In the letter, Grenier states that he has attached rewards to give to officers that enter the campaign, yet the general in charge has not made funds available to issue these rewards. The letter was likely addressed to Dessolle, as during this time, he was serving as the Chief of Staff for Jean Victor Marie Moreau, then-Commander of the Army of the Rhine. Expertly inlaid. Fine condition.

Lot: 1103 - SCOTTISH DRESS DIRK SET

SCOTTISH DRESS DIRK SET Magnificent Scottish steel and silver dress dirk set, 19 in. long, ca. 1800-1900, housing a 14 in. total steel blade, a 6.75 in. total ensuite knife (tip chipped off), and a 6 in. total ensuite fork. The spine of the blade is ornamented with a scalloped design. The handle of each tool bears an ornate carved wood handle with a woven design, supplemented with a studded silver to each cross section and a smokey topaz-like gemstone at the top of each handle. The silver fittings to the leather sheath is embellished with light etchings, including delicate scrollwork and depictions of the Scottish thistle. The surface of the leather is notably chipping, with a crack running approx. 60% of the upper portion of the left side. Condition is quite good, and certainly presentable.

Lot: 1104 - SPANISH-AMERICAN WAR RELICS

SPANISH-AMERICAN WAR RELICS Good lot of three items, includes: cast metal paperweight, 3.75 x 2.5 x .5 in., reading in relief: 'Cast from metal taken from the Spanish Armored Cruisers VISCAYA and ALMIRANTE OQUENDO destroyed by the United States Navy July 3rd, 1898', sold with a two-piece Spanish-American War medal, in two pieces as the American flag joining the metals sections of the badge has split, along with a veterans collar pin. Three pieces. The ALMIRANTE OQUENDO was pummeled by three American battleships at the Battle of Santiago de Cuba and was scuttled by her master, and in the same battle, the VIZCAYA caught fire under similar circumstances and was beached.

Lot: 1105 - STEPHEN DECATUR

STEPHEN DECATUR (1779 - 1820) American naval officer whose warship United States defeated the British Macedonian in the War of 1812, later he led a squadron to Algeria to force a peace on American terms. Decatur is also well remembered for his toast: ' ....our country right or wrong!'. Rare franking signature 'S. Decatur' on the front panel (only) of a cover addressed in another hand to the 'President of the U.S. Bank' in Philadelphia. Bears circular Washington postmark and 'FREE' stamp. Moderate glue show-through, trimmed at right.

Lot: 1106 - THOMAS TINGEY

THOMAS TINGEY (1750-1829) U.S. Navy Commodore who originally served with the British and Continental navies, commanded the USS GANGES during the Quasi-War with France, and supervised the construction of the Washington Navy Yard. Manuscript L.S. 'Ths. Tingey', 1p. 4to., Washington Navy Yard, July 18, 1825, to a Henry Thompson, transmitting two accounts for purchased iron. He signs boldly at the conclusion in black ink. Shows original mailing folds with some damp stains, small pencil inscriptions to recto and verso, and a small paper loss to the address panel where the seal has been opened, else very good.

Lot: 1107 - U.S. ARMY BAND PHOTOGRAPH

U.S. ARMY BAND PHOTOGRAPH A fine period photograph, 8.5 x 5.5 in., sepia, depicting a group of U.S. Army band members standing in formation with their instruments in front of a grocery. Mounted. Written on the verso are names of the bandmembers and the 1889 date of the image. Slightly chipped at the bottom, else fine.

Lot: 1108 - U.S.S. MAINE CAP TALLY

U.S.S. MAINE CAP TALLY Black cloth cap tally from the ill-fated U.S.S. MAINE which exploded in Havana harbor, sparking the Spanish-American War in 1898. The cap tally measures 36.5 in. long, 1.5 in. wide, and bears the gold wire embroidery seen in cap tallys of the period. Rarely seen.

Lot: 1109 - U.S.S. OLYMPIA RELIC COIN

U.S.S. OLYMPIA RELIC COIN U.S.S. Olympia relic coin, ca. 1900, Obverse reads: 'U.S.S. Olympia', with an image of the ship, and quoting Dewey: 'You May Fire When You Are Ready, Gridley'. Reverse bears an image of a propeller, noting: 'Made from propeller of Admiral Dewey's flagship which served in the Battle of Manila Bay May 1, 1898'. Bronze. 32mm.

Lot: 1110 - USS CONSITUTION CREW PETITION TO CONGRESS

USS CONSITUTION CREW PETITION TO CONGRESS A great content printed U.S. War Department record, 17pp. 8vo., [n.p.], February 5, 1816, outlining a report made by the Committee of Naval Affairs in regard to a petition submitted by Captain Charles Stewart (1778-1869) and other crewmembers of the USS Constitution. In part: '...The petitioner states that on the 20th of February 1815, with the frigate Constitution under his command whilst cruising in the neighborhood island of Madeira, he fell in with two British ships of war, the Cyane, mounting 34 guns, and the Levant, mounting 21...the Constitution brought the two ships to action and captured both...having taken possession of her prizes...on the 10th of March, anchored with her prizes in Port Praya...they discovered a squadron of ships which ultimately proved to be British...the Constitution and Cyane got off without being brought to action...the Levant...was attached and taken possession of by the enemy...The petitioner asks of Congress to pay to the officers and crew of the Constitution the value of the Levant...The committee are of opinion that the petitioners have not a right to demand of the United States the value of the said prize; though the government have a right to demand of the Portuguese government compensation for the outrage committed in one of their ports...' Toned with edge wear to the right margin, some pages detached from the binding. The events of the engagement happened exactly as described. The Constitution was able to capture both British war ships but while they were conducting repairs, they spotted more of the enemy and were forced to send the ships in separate directions. The Cyane and Constitution both got away but the Levant was captured. By the time Stewart reached another Brazilian port, he learned the Treaty of Ghent which ended the war was already ratified. While Stewart's petition would ultimately be denied, the Portuguese government later paid compensation to the United States for their failure to enforce their neutrality in the war.

Lot: 1111 - USS CONSITUTION NAUTICAL PULLEY

USS CONSITUTION NAUTICAL PULLEY A great relic from the famous USS Constitution, a wooden pulley recovered from the ship during its 1927 restoration. The pulley is roughly 7 x 3 x 15 in., with an oval shaped wooden body housing a small wooden wheel through which rope would be pulled, secured by rope that is attached to two iron hooks. The side of the wood is engraved ' USS Constitution 1927.' Wood cracked in multiple spots, iron hooks and screws moderately oxidized.

Lot: 1112 - USS CONSTITUTION ASHTRAY

USS CONSTITUTION ASHTRAY A great USS Constitution relic, a brass ashtray, 4.5 in. diameter, fashioned out of metal from the ship recovered during its 1927 restoration. The interior bears the name 'Old Ironsides' with an engraving of the ship, its launch date, and notable victories. Around the rim of the tray is engraved 'This material was taken from the U.S. Frigate Constitution. Keel laid 1794 Rebuilding 1927.' Slight discoloration, else fine.

Lot: 1113 - USS CONSTITUTION WOOD SECTION WITH PINS

USS CONSTITUTION WOOD SECTION WITH PINS A large relic from the famous USS Constitution, a 14 x 4 x 4 in. section of wood recovered from the hull during its 1927 restoration with two original copper pins still present. Pins are slightly loose and 6 and 7 in. respectfully. A small brass plaque affixed to the front of the section reads 'USS Frigate Constitution wood with copper pins from 1927 restoration. Pins are moderately oxidized while wood section is holed and jagged.

Lot: 1114 - USS MAINE EAGLE RELIC

USS MAINE EAGLE RELIC A very fine brass eagle sculpture made out of metal salvaged from the USS battleship Maine, roughly 3 x 3.75 x 8 in., depicting an eagle with its wings outstretched, mounted on a wooden display stand. A tag affixed to the bottom of the mount reads 'Brass from USS ship Maine sunk in Havana Harbor 1898.' Light wear, else fine condition.

Lot: 1115 - WILLIAM BAINBRIDGE

WILLIAM BAINBRIDGE (1744 - 1833) American naval officer captured at Tripoli, and later commanded the Constitution in her victory over the Java. Manuscript L.S. as Commander of the Navy Yard, 1p. 4to., Charlestown, Mass., Apr. 6, 1833 to the Chairman of the Town Selectmen. Bainbridge advises that the Navy Yard is constructing a 'Quay Wall & Stone fence' and asks that the town allow scows and lighters carrying stone for the project to use the town's adjoining docks. Tiny bits of toned reinforcing tape at two margins, else very good.

Lot: 1116 - 'RICHMOND LIGHT INFANTRY BLUES' PLAQUE

'RICHMOND LIGHT INFANTRY BLUES' PLAQUE A bronze and wood plaque honoring the Richmond Light Infantry Blues, a volunteer Virginia militia regiment founded after the Revolution and which served in every major war through Korea. The 9.5 x 7.5 in. wooden plaque has a mounted brass eagle with the name of the regiment and 'Co. A.' Moderately tarnished.

Lot: 1117 - (U.S. COAST GUARD) HARRY G. HAMLET

(U.S. COAST GUARD) HARRY G. HAMLET (1874 - 1954) Seventh Commandant of the United States Coast Guard from 1932 to 1936, also authored the Creed of the United States Coast Guardsman. S.P., 10.5 x 14 in. total, a matted b/w portrait of Hamlet in naval uniform, signed and inscribed on the mat to Truman's Secretary of the Treasury JOHN WESLEY SNIDER (1895-1985). Hamlet writes and signs, in full: 'To The Honorable John W. Snyder, Secretary of the Treasury, whose friendship is cherished by H.G. Hamlet Vice Admiral, U.S.C.S., Retired.' Fine condition.

Lot: 1118 - 1930S CHINESE ANTI-JAPANESE NEWSPAPER

An apparently very rare 1930s Chinese [Canton?] school newspaper or broadside titled: 'ANTI-JAPANESE WAR', an edition apparently published and issued by students. The sheet bears five comic strips showing alternately Japanese abuse and murder of civilians and children and the military success of the Chinese against their occupiers. Text suggests that students and children resist subjugation by the 'Japanese devils' who seek to 'consume' them. Folds, else fine condition. From a single collection obtained entirely in China pre-2000.

Lot: 1119 - BRITISH GENERAL OFFICER'S TUNIC

BRITISH GENERAL OFFICER'S TUNIC Scarlet superfine tunic with black wool stand collar, collar edged all round with gold oak leaf pattern lace and white wool piping along upper edge and opening. At the shoulders, brass fittings covered with red wool to take shoulder slides of gold cord which attach to shoulder with screw fitting gilt buttons. The cuffs are trimmed with two rows of wide gold oak leaf pattern lace and a black wool, three pointed flap trimmed with white wool piping, gold lace and three gilt buttons. Eight large gilt buttons made by 'PITT & Co. 31 MADDOX St. LONDON. W' at front of tunic, two at back waist and two each on back skirt flaps. Back flaps and vent also trimmed with gold lace. Left front of tunic has embroidered eyes to take four medals and a ribbon bar. Brass belt hook at left waist. Body of tunic lined with quilted silk twill. Three small ferrous metal spring clips stitched between first three buttonholes on inside left front, designed to support multiple neck decorations. Skirt lined with satin weave white wool. No inside pocket. Collar lined with black silk twill with matching neck tab and fastened with two brass hooks and eyes, one missing. Very nice condition, only very light soiling about the collar, fine for display.

Lot: 1120 - BULLET-STRUCK KOREAN WAR HELMET

BULLET-STRUCK KOREAN WAR HELMET A fine relic of the Korean War, a three-times bullet-struck Korean War helmet, one of which very well could have killed the wearer. The helmet is well-weathered, with what appears to be a flaming meteor painted to one side, and the motto 'HOT RIDER' painted to the front. Three large caliber bullets struck the helmet, all close to each other, one piercing the front and exiting directly behind on the rear of the helmet. It's clear that the helmet then lay upside-down for some time, as the interior bears rust, as does the top of the exterior. Chilling.

Lot: 1121 - IMPERIAL RUSSIAN MEDAL BAR

IMPERIAL RUSSIAN MEDAL BAR An extremely rare Imperial Russian medal bar comprised of three early 19th century medals with original ribbons. Including a 4th Class Order of St. George in enameled gold with St. Petersburg hallmark, a 3rd Class Order of St. Anne in enameled gold stamped with a Cyrillic hallmark, and a Russo-Japanese War medal in dark bronze inscribed with Cyrillic caption on the reverse. All are mounted together on an Imperial period bar with folding clasp pin. Light oxidation to the reverse of the bar, else very fine.

Lot: 1122 - OMAN KHANJAR DAGGER

OMAN KHANJAR DAGGER Antique Omani silver Khanjar dagger, ornate silver fabric and wire on wood with hide covering, very ornate clasps and decoration, blade approx. 8 in. long. Worn, the tip of the scabbard badly abraded, some stitching sprung, sold as is.

Lot: 1123 - U.S.S. KEARSARGE SAILOR'S CAP AND PHOTO

U.S.S. KEARSARGE SAILOR'S CAP AND PHOTO Pair of items once belonging to a sailor serving aboard the USS KEARSARGE, including the man's navy blue wool sailor's cap, lined with wire insert. The cap bears an authentic, period cap tally with gold wire embroidery: 'U.S.S. KEARSARGE'. Lettering a bit soiled from use, else very good. Sold with a 4 x 7 in. (overall) photo of the presumed owner, the mount a bit water-stained. USS Kearsarge (BB-5) was the lead ship of her class of pre-dreadnought battleships, named after the sloop-of-war Kearsarge. Her keel was laid down by the Newport News Shipbuilding Company of Virginia, on 30 June 1896. Between 1903 and 1907 Kearsarge served in the North Atlantic Fleet, and from 1907 to 1909 she sailed as part of the Great White Fleet. In 1909 she was decommissioned for modernization, which was finished in 1911. In 1915 she served in the Atlantic, and between 1916 and 1919 she served as a training ship.

Lot: 1124 - (USS PUEBLO) LLOYD M. BUCHER

(USS PUEBLO) LLOYD M. BUCHER (1927-2004) Commander of the U.S. Navy spy ship USS PUEBLO, which was captured by North Korean naval forces in 1968. Bucher and the rest of the ship's crew were held captive and subjected to interrogation and torture for eleven months. Lot of seven signatures on various mediums including a photograph, three cards, two newspaper clippings, and a sheet of paper with USS Pueblo letterhead. Seven items. Fine condition.

Lot: 1125 - WEIMAR REPUBLIC '1 BILLION MARK' COIN

WEIMAR REPUBLIC '1 BILLION MARK' COIN A silver plated brass coin, 2.5 in. diameter, minted in Westphalia, 1923. The coin worth a value of one billion German marks features a bust of Freiherr von Stein on one side and a horse on the other. Slightly tarnished, else fine. An interesting example of the hyperinflation present in Germany during its interwar period. Sold with an additional 50 coins from countries such as England, France, and Germany from 1920-1940

Lot: 1126 - 1999 101ST AIRBORNE DESERT CAMO JACKET

Ca. 1999 American Army desert camouflage 'coat', medium-regular sized, with "Army' tape and issued to a very real soldier named 'Tease-Troope'. Bears proper reversed American flag patch, and 101st patch and tab on right shoulder, with a III Corps patch on left shoulder. Fine condition. From a major private collection on public display.

Lot: 1127 - BRIG. GEN. MILTON L. OGDEN'S UNIFORMS (3)

MILTON L. OGDEN American Brigadier General, served as Executive Officer of the Anti-Aircraft Board between 1942 to 1944, and as the Executive Officer, Troop Control Division in Japan during the post-war years. Later served as both the Secretary General for the Office of Military Government in Germany and the Chief of the Military Division, U.S. Element in Germany. Finally served as the Assistant Deputy Chief of Staff of the North American Air Defense Command (NORAD). Large lot of three uniforms, includes: his ca. 1956 khaki Army-issue shirt, with a pair of sterling Brigadier General's stars (likely improperly) applied to the lapels. The upper left sleeve bears a cloth U.S. Army South insignia patch, while the upper right sleeve bears a cloth U.S. Army 25th Infantry Division insignia patch. The name 'Ogden' is hand-inked near the waist on the interior. To complete the uniform, our consigner has added a pair of khaki trousers, belt and buckle, a pair of brown shoes, a khaki tie, and a plastic name tag. WITH: his ca. 1956 Army, Shirts, Man's, Cotton Santeen, OG-107, with a pair of sterling Brigadier General's stars also pinned to the lapels. The upper right sleeve bears a cloth U.S. Army 25th Infantry Division insignia patch. Sold with the original Officer's Grade peaked service cap, belt and buckle, and a pair of socks. WITH: A near identical ca. 1956 Army, Shirts, Man's, Cotton Santeen, OG-107, with a pair of sterling Brigadier General's stars also applied to the lapels yet missing the shoulder patch. To complete this uniform our consigner has added a pair of trousers, a name tag, and a 25th Infantry Division insignia patch. Each is in very good condition. From a prominent private collection on public display.

Lot: 1128 - BRIG. GEN. RICHARD B. PORT'S FOOTLOCKER AND AWARD CITATIONS

A tan footlocker, 30 in. wide x 17 in. long x 11 in. tall, once belonging to a Brigadier General RICHARD B. PORT, boldly stenciled on top of the lid in typical black, block letters: 'CAPT. RICHARD B. PORT U.S. ARMY 0-373609'. The interior is lined with red thickpaper, and the removable drawer is present on the inside. One of the supporting panels on the side of the interior, which once held up the drawer, has since broken off, rendering it unusable. The locker's lid is closed with two clasps, each rusted and could use some greasing, one of which bears a typical locking mechanism, key is absent. The front and side bear a leather handle, each in usable condition. One side bears a mailing label hand-addressed to Richard Port by a relative. Generally worn throughout, with some staining to the exterior, and some notable chips. The footlocker is sold with: an award citation plaque for the Silver Circle Award, issued to Port from the Military Order of the World Wars, June 5, 1982; a commendation for duties served as Director of Instruction, Seventh U.S. Army Officer's School in 1946, signed at the bottom by Lieutenant General GEOFFREY KEYES. Mounted; a certification of his attendance in the Armored School, January 1948, matted and framed; a certificate of appreciation for patriotic civilian service, issued by the Army Department, matted and framed; and an image of Port at a military parade with other Army officers, matted, with the mat unevenly toned from where his medals were once affixed and since removed. From a prominent private collection on public display.

Lot: 1129 - GENERAL'S UNIFORM, 90TH INFANTRY DIVISION

A well-decorated general's uniform from the 90th Infantry Division 'Tough Hombres', attributed to a General 'Hess', not researched by us. The 1971 poly/wool tunic bears a brigadier general's silver star on each epaulette, which also has the D.I. of the 328th Personnel and Administration Battalion pinned thereto, dating the uniform to post-1985. Lapels bear 'U.S.' insignia, branch insignia are missing. A 1st Cavalry Division patch is applied to the right shoulder, and a 90th Infantry Division patch appears on the left shoulder. Incorrect narrow mohair rings appear at the end of each sleeve, though Hess may simply have chosen to add stars to his old colonel's uniform as was often the case. Two gold overseas bars appear at the end of the right sleeve. Hess' ribbon bars are present as is his C.I.B. Awards include a D.S.M., Bronze Star, Meritorious Service Medal, Air Medal, Joint Service Command Medal, 7th Silver Award Clasp (?), Vietnam Service Medal, Republic of Vietnam Campaign Medal, and others. In fine condition. From a major private collection on public display.

Lot: 1130 - BELL COBRA HELICOPTER FIRE CONTROL PANEL AND PILOT'S WINGS

BELL COBRA HELICOPTER FIRE CONTROL PANEL AND PILOT'S WINGS Fine Vietnam War relic, the fire control panel and maker's plate from a Bell AH-1G Cobra attack helicopter, widely used in Vietnam from 1967, on. The overall presentation is 11 in. wide x 5.25 in. deep x 5 in. tall. At left is affixed the fire control panel with indicator lights and switches for activating and clearing weapons, bypassing pilot control, launching smoke grenades, selecting weapons, etc. At right the maker's plate is affixed showing particulars of the aircraft and manufacturing date of November, 1972. The center bears a chronometer, apparently not working. The owner of this artifact was a pilot, and his two pilot's wings are affixed to the green aluminum frame above and below the chronometer. Finally, the orange wood base of the panel was part of a box once containing 'DETONATING FUZES'. A label on the base indicates that the panel came from a Cobra attached to the 155th Attack Helicopter Co., Fort Ord. It crashed at Fort Hunter Liggett in April 1977 at which time the pilot of the doomed aircraft recovered these parts as souvenirs. The 155th Attack Helicopter Co. was one of the most heavily-engaged helicopter units of the war.

Lot: 1131 - HONOR GUARD BADGE - TOMB OF THE UNKNOWN SOLDIER

HONOR GUARD BADGE - TOMB OF THE UNKNOWN SOLDIER Scarce badge issued to guards at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier at Arlington National Cemetery, 2 in. wide sterling silver with regulation three-pin clutch back, made by 'STA-BRITE' and so marked on verso, ca. 1970-80, in fine condition.

Lot: 1132 - IRAQ WAR PROPAGANDA

IRAQ WAR PROPAGANDA Great lot of eight pieces of propaganda from the Iraqi War, includes seven pieces aimed at Americans, each about 8 x 5 in., simple and cartoonish, and one American piece showing Hussein and captioned: 'The cold face of death and war'. Some duplicates, fine.

Lot: 1133 - IRAQI ANTI-AMERICAN PROPAGANDA

IRAQI ANTI-AMERICAN PROPAGANDA Scarce piece of Iraqi anti-American propaganda, 1p. 4to., apparently from the Gulf War (1991) attacking the U.S., Israel, and Saudi Arabia. The leaflet bears cartoon illustrations, one showing an American soldier with a floozy on his arm being greeted by Saudi Kind Faud, an Israeli soldier pointing a pistol at an Iraqi,an Iraqis marching with their flag. The text reads, in part: '...My Arab brother...do not participate with the gathering of the infidels in attacking the people of Iraq, and let your gun be aimed at the agent Fahd, who desecrated the holy land by bringing in the infidels...Iraq has entrusted you with a genuine Arab and a believing Muslim, so do not aim your gun at your Iraqi Arab Muslim brother...Our true religion and our authentic Arab values ??require us to fight in one trench against the criminal Zionism and American imperialism that has ravaged the land and honor in beloved Palestine...Or is it a service to Zionism? [Signed] The Iraqi Army...' One fold, light wear, else fine.

Lot: 1134 - KILLING OSAMA BIN LADEN ROBERT J. O'NEILL

(b.1975) Former U.S Navy Seal (1996-2012) who participated in Operation Neptune Spear with Seal Team Six, and later became the subject of controversy for publicly claiming to be the individual who killed OSAMA BIN LADEN (1957-2011) Founder of the militant organization Al-Qaeda and credited for masterminding the September 11th attacks on the United States. Rayon American flag, 18 in. x 30.5 in., one-sided construction with white rayon fabric sewn on the left side. O'Neill signs the center of the flag in black ink next to an inscription that says, 'Never Quit.' Sold with a PSA sticker indicating that the flag was signed in front of one of their representatives. Fine condition. -

Lot: 1135 - KILLING OSAMA BIN LADEN ROBERT J. O'NEILL

(b.1975) Former U.S Navy Seal (1996-2012) who participated in Operation Neptune Spear with Seal Team Six, and later became the subject of controversy for publicly claiming to be the individual who killed OSAMA BIN LADEN (1957-2011) Founder of the militant organization Al-Qaeda and credited for masterminding the September 11th attacks on the United States. Signed Rawlings Official Baseball in its original box. O'Neill signs between the seams in blue ink next to the written date '5/2/11.' Sold with a PSA sticker and certification number indicating that one of their representatives was present when it was signed. Great condition. -

Lot: 1136 - KILLING OSAMA BIN LADEN ROBERT J. O'NEILL

(b.1975) Former U.S Navy Seal (1996-2012) who participated in Operation Neptune Spear with Seal Team Six, and later became the subject of controversy for publicly claiming to be the individual who killed OSAMA BIN LADEN (1957-2011) Founder of the militant organization Al-Qaeda and credited for masterminding the September 11th attacks on the United States. Signed Rawlings Official Baseball. Finished with a gloss, one side bears a printed picture of Bin Laden with a red 'x' over his face. O'Neill signs across the face in black ink. Sold with a PSA sticker and certification number indicating that one of their representatives was present when it was signed. Great condition. -

Lot: 1137 - KILLING OSAMA BIN LADEN ROBERT J. O'NEILL

(b.1975) Former U.S Navy Seal (1996-2012) who participated in Operation Neptune Spear with Seal Team Six, and later became the subject of controversy for publicly claiming to be the individual who killed OSAMA BIN LADEN (1957-2011) Founder of the militant organization Al-Qaeda and credited for masterminding the September 11th attacks on the United States. A signed black Schutt football helmet, 7.5 head-size. Both sides feature a picture of Bin Laden's face covered by a red 'x', as well as an American flag sticker on the back. O'Neill signs the top of the helmet in gray ink alongside the words 'Never Quit.' Sold with a PSA sticker and certification number indicating that one of their representatives was present when it was signed. Great condition.

Lot: 1138 - KILLING OSAMA BIN LADEN ROBERT J. O'NEILL

(b.1975) Former U.S Navy Seal (1996-2012) who participated in Operation Neptune Spear with Seal Team Six, and later became the subject of controversy for publicly claiming to be the individual who killed OSAMA BIN LADEN (1957-2011) Founder of the militant organization Al-Qaeda and credited for masterminding the September 11th attacks on the United States. Black rayon U.S Navy Seal flag, 17.5 in. x 30in. (unfolded), one-sided construction with white rayon fabric sewn on the left side. The Navy Seal symbol in the middle is positioned between the words 'Ú.S Navy Seals.' O'Neill signs the bottom right corner in white ink under an inscription saying, 'Never Quit.' Sold with a PSA sticker indicating that the flag was signed in front of one of their representatives. Fine condition. -

Lot: 1139 - KOREAN WAR GENERAL'S SERVICE UNIFORM

Unusual 'Coat, Man's, Wool Serge, AG 44, Class 3, E.M.', commonly known as the Army Green Uniform, certainly belonging to a Vietnam and Korean War two-star general, bearing a name tag 'Kilmer' pinned to the right breast, unidentified by us. Unusually, the inside tailor's tag bears the designation 'E.M', meaning that this uniform was originally intended for an Enlisted Man and was tailored up to the rank of major general with appropriate braid and insignia - a very rare find. The retailoring on this uniform was not all that well executed in several small ways, suggesting to us that the tailor was not a professional, and thus this uniform was probably made homeside. The extra wide, black color mohair cloth general's cuff braid is of the correct type, and has been correctly hand sewn to each sleeve. Pinned to each shoulder epaulette are two silver color metal general's stars, which appear matching, and pinned to the lapels is a pair of gold color metal 'U.S.' Officer's collar devices. The jacket bears an impressive number of ribbons pinned above each upper pocked, identified as follows: 'Distinguished Service Medal', the 'Silver Star Medal', the 'Legion of Merit Medal', the 'Purple Heart Medal', the 'Air Medal with 2 Oak Leaf Clusters', the 'American Defense Service Medal', the 'European/African/Middle Eastern Campaign Medal with 3 Bronze Stars, the 'Army of Occupation Medal', the 'W.W.II Victory Medal', the 'National Defense Service Medal', the 'Korean Service Medal with two Bronze Stars', the 'Armed Forces Expeditionary Medal' (rare), the 'Vietnam Service Meal with three Bronze Stars, the 'Republic of Vietnam Campaign Medal', the 'Republic of Vietnam Presidential Unit Citation', and the 'Vietnam Presidential Unit Citation.' The jacket is partially lined, bearing a white color cloth manufacturer's tag found within one pocket, which reads: 'Coat Man's Wool Serge Ag 44, Class 3 E.M.'. The tag has the contract date of 1964 inked on its face along the inventory number of 'DSA-1-4378-64-C', and then a '100% Wool' designation.' Sold with a pair of 1986 dated trousers, which exactly match in material cloth that of the uniform, and show where the two double stripes of a General were added by hand sewing to complete this conversion to a general's uniform. In fine condition overall, sold as-is due to the alterations mentioned. From a major private collection on public display.

Lot: 1140 - MILITARY PHOTO COLLECTION (28)

Good lot of 28 military photographs of varying content, all pre-World War II, the most notable examples include: a portrait of a standing Military Policeman, ca. 1920, in oval bubble frame, overall size 14 x 17 in.; a group photograph of Platoon 3013 of the U.S. Marine Corps, 9.5 x 7.5 in. (sight), ca. 1957, in a silver-painted wood frame; a group photograph of an unknown rifle squad, 8 x 5.5 in., ca. 1920s, matted and framed in a simple wood frame; a group photograph of the three rifle teams of the 'Territories of Insular Possessions', namely Hawaii, Alaska, and Puerto Rico, before they competed in a national shooting competition, measuring 18 x 6.5 in. (sight). The photograph was taken in Camp Perry, Ohio in 1938. Simply framed. Sold with 24 smaller photographs, mostly portraits, yet also includes a panoramic photograph of Fort Johnston in Jacksonville, FL, with some photographs of soldiers on horseback.

Lot: 1141 - NORTH VIETNAMESE PROPAGANDA ARTWORKS

NORTH VIETNAMESE PROPAGANDA ARTWORKS Rare set of 42 color and black and white plates, 7 x 9.75 in., with presentation folder, the set titled: 'South Vietnam Country and People', 1967. The set includes fine reproductions of artworks of various North Vietnamese artists, the majority of which depict military scenes with propagandistic titles including: 'Comrade Trung Kien, the brave scout captain...Vo Thi Mo, the hero to destroy America...Through the jungle...Digging the tunnel...', etc. Civilian images include those who had fought South Vietnamese in the past, Fifth Columnists, underground fighters, etc. Plates are fine, presentation folder is toned with a few tears.

Lot: 1142 - RARE EDITION OF VIETNAM WAR PEACE TERMS

RARE EDITION OF VIETNAM WAR PEACE TERMS Rare contemporary South Vietnamese edition of the 'Agreement on Ending the War and Restoring Peace in Viet-Nam' (Saigon: Giai Phong Publishing House), 1973. 150pp. 8vo. in card covers. Test of the terms of the agreement in English and French, which were quickly abrogated by the North Vietnamese following the signing of the treaty.

Lot: 1143 - RUSSIAN OFFICER'S WINTER 'USHANKA'

RUSSIAN OFFICER'S WINTER 'USHANKA' A great example of a Russian officer's 'ushanka' winter cap, constructed of thick gray wool cloth and fur, head size 58, [n.d], with gold badge at front with red star and gold hammer and sickle on a white background, ear flaps tied at the top, and an untranslated stamp on the interior with manufacturer's tag. Fine condition.

Lot: 1144 - SOUTH KOREAN PROPAGANDA FLYER

SOUTH KOREAN PROPAGANDA FLYER Rare air-dropped South Korean propaganda flyer, 5 x 8 in., partially translated. The front depicts Allied 'scissors' cutting the lines of supply from North Korea to its armies in the South, as Allied armies, carries, and bombers come to the rescue. It reads: 'The Allied Forces and the ROK Army Liberate the Capital and Retake Seoul', with the reverse apparently exhorting the North Korean public to rise up against the regime and praising MacArthur and President Dwight D. Eisenhower. The left margin bears a soldier's note: 'Found on top of hill 640 NE of Pusan Korea 9 Oct 1950 JN' A clean 4 in. tear at bottom, verso worn.

Lot: 1145 - SOVIET PROPAGANDA POSTERS (2)

SOVIET PROPAGANDA POSTERS (2) Lot of two vibrant propaganda posters from the Soviet Union at the height of its power, both 27 x 39.5 in., (printed by Fine Art Publishing House: Moscow), 1972, both titled ‘Years of Commitment and Struggle' numbered 1 and 3 of the series, featuring imagery detailing the history of the Soviet Union from the 1917 Revolution to 1972. Some images include Lenin and other Bolsheviks, the overthrow of the Tsar, agriculture and industry, development of nuclear weapons, and the Space Age. Each scene has a caption in Russian beneath. A note in the top right shows the drawings were originally done by Nicholai Dolgorukov (1902-1980), a well-known Russian artist and printer often featured in propaganda. Both have minor edge wear and creasing, but otherwise fine condition.

Lot: 1146 - SOVIET TEACHING AID EXPLAINS THE AMERICAN GOVERNMENT

SOVIET TEACHING AID EXPLAINS THE AMERICAN GOVERNMENT A very rare and highly unusual Russian teaching aid covering early American History, ca. 1970. The poster, 33 x 23 in., shows a diagram chart breaking down the branches of American Government, labeling the President, Supreme Court, and two legislative houses. Further down are a group of citizens labeled as 'voters' while other groups such as women, slaves, and Native Americans are depicted with a caption 'Women have not received the right to vote...Black slaves and Native Americans have no civil liberties.' The bottom margin is labeled 'The Authorities of the U.S. Government according to the Constitution of 1787' in Cyrillic. The poster also bears the publishing information of a printing house in Kalinin. Creased with chipping and a few small tears around the margins. This poster was part of a series of teaching aids intended to foster anti-American sentiments during the height of the Cold War.

Lot: 1147 - SOVIET TEACHING AID SHOWS THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE

SOVIET TEACHING AID SHOWS THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE A very rare and highly unusual Russian teaching aid covering early American history, ca. 1970. The poster, 33 x 23 in., shows a group of American colonists standing in a crowd being read the recently signed Declaration of Independence. The bottom margin is labelled 'The Promulgation of the Declaration of Independence of the United States adopted July 4, 1776' in Cyrillic. The poster also bears the publishing information of a printing house in Kalinin. Creased with chipping and a few small tears around the margins. This poster was part of a series of teaching aids intended to foster anti-American sentiments during the height of the Cold War.

Lot: 1148 - U.S. NAVAL OFFICER SWORD

U.S. NAVAL OFFICER SWORD U.S. Naval officer's presentation sword, 30.5 in. blade, 36 in. overall, likely 1950s, with coiled wire and white celluloid saber grip, eagle engrave brass pommel with pattered hand guard and cross guard cast with the letters 'USN' and a curved quillon. The blade is acid etched with naval motifs and has a blank space for a name to be engraved, in fine condition retaining much of its original shine with no nicks or dents. The ricasso features a 'Trade Conquerer' makers mark as well as six-pointed star proof. Accompanied by an original black leather and pattered brass scabbard with two clasps. Light oxidation present on sword and scabbard, yet overall good condition.

Lot: 1149 - U.S. NAVY SONAR TRAINING PHONOGRAPH ALBUM

U.S. NAVY SONAR TRAINING PHONOGRAPH ALBUM A large, vintage 1950s era album of phonograph recordings, 14 x 12 in., titled 'AS/W Training Recordings ', published by the Office of Naval Research, featuring ten different phonograph records featuring various training sounds. Titles of some records include: 'Torpedo Noise', 'Monitoring the FXR' and 'Torpedo Listening', etc. The inside front cover features instructions as well as descriptions of all the sounds. Fine condition. The individual records have not been listened to but are believed to be intact. Records such as these would have been used to train naval cadets working on submarines in the use of sonar during the post war era.

Lot: 1150 - U.S. NAVY SONAR TRAINING PHONOGRAPH ALBUM

U.S. NAVY SONAR TRAINING PHONOGRAPH ALBUM A large, vintage 1950s era album of phonograph rcordings, 14 x 12 in., titled 'Submarine Training Recordings, Sonic Listening', published by the Office of Naval Research, featuring twelve different phonograph records featuring various training sounds. Titles of some records include: 'Introduction to JP Listening Gear' 'Operation of Gear', 'Test Examples', 'Echo Drills', etc. The inside front cover feature instructions as well as descriptions of all the sounds. Fine condition. The individual records have not been listened to but are believed to be intact. Records such as these would have been used to train naval cadets working on submarines in the use of sonar during the post war era.

Lot: 1151 - VIETNAM WAR F-4 PHANTOM CONTROL STICK

VIETNAM WAR F-4 PHANTOM CONTROL STICK Fine theater made award consisting of a solid aluminum base mounted with an original control stick from an F-4 Phantom aircraft. The award is presented to Chief Master Sargent Edward B. Swieca serving with the 432 Tactical Reconnaissance wing in Udon, Thailand from 1968 through 1969. A period-engraved plate on the base sets forth this information, adding: 'SEEK AND DESTROY'. This award shows handling wear, but the trigger and buttons all function properly. The trigger and buttons still provide very satisfying 'clicks' when activated. The center toggle on toggle on the control stick has some chips, but it still has full range of motion. Overall a great, genuine period piece. On 18 September 1966, the 432nd Tactical Reconnaissance Wing (TRW) was activated and to perform reconnaissance. It added tactical fighter operations in October 1967, initially using fightersto provide combat air patrol and cover for unarmed reconnaissance planes, but later to fly strike missions. Wing fighter units destroyed many enemy aircraft: 36 confirmed aerial victories between 17 December 1967 and 8 January 1973. It also used AC-47D gunships to provide air defense of friendly Laotian outposts from June 1969 to June 1970. It ceased combat in Vietnam in January, in Laos in February, and in Cambodia in August 1973. The wing remained in Southeast Asia to perform reconnaissance and routine training to retain combat proficiency, changing designations from reconnaissance to fighter in November 1974. The wing supported the evacuation of US personnel from Phnom Penh on 12 April 1975, and the evacuation of US and South Vietnamese personnel from Saigon on 29 April 1975. From 13 to 15 May 1975, the wing played a major role in locating the SS Mayaguez and in the military operations associated with the recovery of that US commercial vessel and its crew from the Cambodians. The wing was deactivated at Udorn RTAFB on 23 December 1975.

Lot: 1152 - ALBUM OF PRISONERS AT FORT WARREN, BOSTON 1861-1862

ALBUM OF PRISONERS AT FORT WARREN, BOSTON 1861-1862 An incredible autograph album compiled by Mrs. E. J. Warren including the signatures and sentiments of 94 prisoners held at Fort Warren in Boston Harbor. Warren collected the signatures between December 25, 1861 and January 22, 1862 when the prison housed the most important civilian, military and political prisoners, many arrest under Lincoln's

Lot: 1153 - THOMAS J. 'STONEWALL' JACKSON

THOMAS J. 'STONEWALL' JACKSON (1824 - 1863) Confederate lieutenant general and a brilliant yet somewhat eccentric tactician, he gained his nickname from his stand at Bull Run and served as Lee's right hand in the Seven Days, in Maryland and at Chancellorsville where he was accidentally shot by Confederate pickets while riding between lines. Most desirable war date A.E.S. following a request of an appointment for a field officer who had served under him named Capt. Edward Willis. A prior A.E.S. is written by EDWARD A. JOHNSON (1816 - 1873) who commends Willis in part: 'for auspicious gallantry in the Battle of Allegheny under my immediate observation.' Jackson writes in full: 'T.J. Jackson Lt. Genl, Headquarters Nov. 13, 1862, Recommending that Captain Edward Willis be appointed a field officer.' Interestingly, another lengthy A.E.S. is written by SAMUEL COOPER (1798-1876), dated December 2, 1862, who expresses some concern about the appointment. It reads in small part: '...the law governing promotions presume the recommendations of the officers who were present on their duty...this recommendation might to some extent be regarded as an election...can the laws governing promotions by seniority be overcome?...' A few tears along creases have been repaired with tape, moderately toned, scattered stains, small chip to the bottom right not affecting text.

Lot: 1154 - NATHAN BEDFORD FORREST

(1821 - 1877) Confederate lieutenant general of Tennessee cavalry and arguably the greatest cavalry officer in history, he raided and harassed Union forces and supply lines with great effect throughout the war. In the post war era, he was a founding member and the first Grand Wizard of the Ku Klux Klan. Partly printed D.S. 'N.B. Forrest', 17 x 11.5 in. (opened), [n.p.], 1869, a 'Selma, Marion, and Memphis Railroad Co.' bond for $1000, signed by Forrest as president. Large section cut from the bottom right, lightly toned, else very fine.

Lot: 1155 - STATES RIGHTS GIST

STATES RIGHTS GIST (1831 - 1864) Confederate brigadier general who commanded a division at Chickamauga and Missionary Ridge, led his own brigade in the Atlanta campaign, killed in action leading his men at Franklin. Very rare A.L.S. on 'State of South Carolina Head Quarters' letterhead, 1p. 4to., Mar. 19, CIn1861 - less than a month before the attack on Fort Sumter. Gist writes to Lt. John Rutledge of the part: '...Sir, You are hereby appointed Inspector of Ordnance for the Batteries in and around Charleston Harbor, by his Excellency Gen'l Pickens, and will report to Brig. Gen'l Beauregard Cmg. for duty...' Fine condition. Rutledge had resigned the U.S. Navy the previous February 23rd to join the Confederate Navy. In this capacity, he held a crucial position in the preparation for the bombardment of Fort Sumter, and was with Beauregard when the fort was attacked on April 12, 1861.

Lot: 1156 - RICHARD S. EWELL

(1817 - 1872) Confederate lieutenant general who fought in the war from Bull Run to Appomattox, he lost a leg at Groveton and was strapped in his saddle to lead his men into Pennsylvania and at Gettysburg. Rare, war-date partial D.S., 1p. 4to., 'Camp at Farris Roads', July 5, 1861, the left side (only) of a 'Requisition for Ordnance and Ordnance Stores' signed by Ewell as brigadier general commanding the 2nd Brigade.

Lot: 1157 - JEROME B. ROBERTSON

(1815-1890) Confederate brigadier general, known for his command of the famous Texas Brigade in Lee's Army of Northern Virginia, father of fellow Confederate general Felix Robertson. Very rare A.L.S., 2p. 4to., Waco, May 18, 1888, to Captain B. J. Franklin inviting him to a meeting of survivors of the Texas Brigade. In part: '...I have been trying to find your post office for a long time but failed...I write at once as there is no one of my more dear old friends that it will afford me more pleasure to meet communicate with than yourself...I enclose you my circular to our brigade association which meets as you will see at Jacksonville...the anniversary of the Battle of Gains Mills and I hope I fully represent the universal feeling of our comrades as well as my own when I say that a warm and cordial reception...will be given to you by all your comrades...' .Fine condition.

Lot: 1158 - DAVID R. JONES

(1825 - 1863) Confederate major general who commanded brigades under Beauregard, Magruder, and Longstreet. Died from a heart condition. EMPOWERING THE MEN WHO WOULD ACCEPT THE SURRENDER OF FORT SUMTER. Rare and historic content A.D.S. one day before the Confederate shelling of Fort Sumter, 1p. 4to., Charleston, April 11, 1861, an official order to fellow general John Dunovant appointing two Confederate officers. In full: 'Hons. W. Porcher Miles and Roger A. Pryor having tendered their services to Brigadier General Beauregard are hereby appointed Volunteer Aides de Camp, and all orders transmitted through them will be obeyed. By order of Brig. Genl. Beauregard.' Slight toning, a few minor chips around the margins, and some adhesive residue. The next day on April 12 the Confederate shelling of Fort Sumter would begin, and with it the American Civil War. Importantly, the two men mentioned here, Confederate senator William Porcher Miles and former Mayor of Charleston Roger Pryor would be among the set of officers sent by P.G.T. Beauregard to accept the surrender of Union major Robert Anderson two days later.

Lot: 1159 - JAMES B. MCPHERSON

(1828 - 1864) Union major general who fought in Grant's Tennessee campaigns, led the right wing at Vicksburg, and was killed in battle at Atlanta. Rare war date A.L.S. on Department of Tennessee letterhead, 1p. 4to., Vicksburg, March 13, 1864, to Mrs. Charles J. Rowen responding to a request for autographs. Light ink stains else very fine. One day before this on March 12, McPherson was given command of the Army of the Tennessee after William T. Sherman was promoted. He immediately requested leave to go and marry his fiancé, which was initially granted but then revoked by Sherman who said McPherson was needed for the upcoming campaign. He would be killed two months later at the Battle of Atlanta, still unmarried, while facing his former West Point classmate John Bell Hood. McPherson was the second highest ranking Union officer killed in action during the war.

Lot: 1160 - 'LINES ON THE BACK OF A CONFEDERATE NOTE'

'LINES ON THE BACK OF A CONFEDERATE NOTE' SIDNEY A. JONAS (1838-1915) Major in the Confederate Army during the Civil War, later founded the newspaper 'The Aberdeen Examiner.' Most famous for being the author of 'Lines on the Back of a Confederate Note', a sorrowful poem about the ‘lost cause' of the Confederacy. Very rare handwritten fair copy of his famous poem, 2pp. 4to., [n.p., n.d.]. The poem reads in full: 'Representing nothing on God's earth now, And naught in the waters below it, As the pledge of a nation that's dead and gone, Keep it, dear friend, and show it. Show it to those who will lend an ear to the tale that this trifle can tell Of Liberty born of the patriot's dream, Of a storm-cradled nation that fell. Too poor to possess the precious ores, And too much of a stranger to borrow, We issued to-day our promise to pay, And hoped to redeem on the morrow. The days rolled by and weeks became years, But our coffers were empty still; Coin was so rare that the treasury'd quake If a dollar should drop in the till. But the faith that was in us was strong, indeed, And our poverty well we discerned, And this little check represented the pay That our suffering veterans earned. We knew it had hardly a value in gold, yet as gold each soldier received it; It gazed in our eyes with a promise to pay, And each Southern patriot believed it. But our boys thought little of price or of pay, Or of bills that were overdue; We knew if it brought us our bread to-day, 'Twas the best our poor country could do. Keep it, it tells all our history o'er, From the birth of our dream to its last; Modest, and born of the Angel Hope, Like our hope of success, it passed.' Signed at the conclusion. On the verso is a mounted fifty cent Alabama bank note, identical to the blank note upon which the original poem was written. Toned with scattered small ink stains, else fine. The poem became very popular during the Reconstruction and was constantly printed in different newspapers and circulars throughout the South.

Lot: 1161 - (C.S.S. SAVANNAH) R. F. PINKNEY

(C.S.S. SAVANNAH) R. F. PINKNEY TR. F. PINKNEY Confederate Flag Officer, master of he C.S.S. SAVANNAH. Presentation war-date signed book: 'Treason of Major- General Charles Lee' by George H. Moore (New York: Charles Scribner), 1860. 116pp. 8vo. with fold out facsimile letter by Lee (torn), in red cloth boards with gilt titles. Boards damp stained, spine ends torn a bit, spine reglued but broken along the gutter, ex-library bookplate to front pastedown. The book bears an ink inscription in another hand on the front endpaper which Pinkney has signed in pencil: Julian Fairfax from R. F. Pinkney Commander C.S.A. C.S.Steamer Savannah April 14th 1864', and Pinkney signs again in pencil on the front flyleaf. The ram SAVANNAH was built in 1863 as an ironclad steam sloop by H. F. Willink. Commissioned in 1863 as CSS SAVANNAH with Pinkney in command, she was assigned to naval forces in the Savannah River on June 30,1863. SAVANNAH was burned by the Confederates on Dec. 21, 1864, when Savannah was threatened by the approach of Gen. W. T. Sherman and his army.

Lot: 1162 - A SMALL LOCK OF ROBERT E. LEE'S HAIR

An extraordinary relic, two strands of Robert E. Lee's hair. The locket was obtained by our consignor from Butterfield's in Los Angeles in 2001, who describes the provenance of the item: '...originally contained within a gold locket which in turn was passed down through the Lee family to Mr. Beverly Middleton, nephew of Robert E. Lee III...' A letter of authenticity issued by our consignor is included. Handsomely mounted to foam core with a reproduction of an image of Lee and descriptive label, matted with grey velvet.

Lot: 1163 - ADAM 'STOVEPIPE' JOHNSON

(1834 - 1922) Confederate brigadier general who served with John H. Morgan and Nathan Bedford Forrest. Earned his nickname through his deceptive capture of Newburgh, Indiana, with the use of stovepipe joints to simulate the ruse that the town was surrounded by cannons. Accidentally shot and blinded by his own men. FORAGE FOR JOHN HUNT MORGAN'S CAVALRY. Very rare partly printed war date D.S. signed twice as colonel of Kentucky cavalry, 1p. oblong 4to., [n.p.], June 26, 1864, an official forage requisition for men under the command of Gen. John Hunt Morgan. The verso bears an approving endorsement written by fellow Confederate general MARCUS J. WRIGHT (1831-1922).

Lot: 1164 - ADLEY H. GLADDEN

(1810 - 1862) Confederate brigadier general who served in the Mexican American War, but impressed Braxton Bragg with his defense of Pensacola that he was granted command of a brigade in the Army of Mississippi. Died from a wound sustained at the Battle of Shiloh. Clipped signed forwarding endorsement 'A.H. Gladden' cut from a war date document, 3.5 x 5 in. Lightly toned with a few scattered stains, tipped to a larger sheet.

Lot: 1165 - ALBERT G. JENKINS

(1830 - 1864) Confederate brigadier general, and First Confederate Congressman, wounded at Gettysburg. He would again be wounded and then captured at Cloyd's Mt., dying shortly after having a limb amputated. Rare, fine content A.L.S. as a U.S. Congressman, 2pp. 4to., Washington D.C., January 29, 1861, to an unnamed judge expressing anti-Union sentiments. In part: '...Like yourself I am satisfied that there is in Western Virginia a strong feeling for the Union govt under Lincoln for President; but I think also with you that it springs from a chronic dislike of democracy as much as anything else and is stronger in the main confines[?] to the rank of the opposition. I think when the line shall be drawn, every feeling of that govt will disappear; and I cannot believe that a hundred men will be found in the state who will openly employ[?] themselves in hostility to the State when he [Lincoln] shall have taken his position in the midst of this great revolution. Though I see from Carlisle's circular that he [Lincoln] takes that position in anticipation of the State seceding. I think also the course of the Republicans will strengthen the states rights men in Western Va. The Republicans refuse and neglect every compromise and the policy of Lincoln's administration will be to carry out the doctrines of the Chicago platform...' Lightly toned with a few scattered ink stains, else fine.

Lot: 1166 - ALBERT L. LEE

(1834 - 1907) Union brigadier general who saw action at the Battles of Corinth and Port Gibson as well as in the Vicksburg and Red River campaigns. Good content, war date A.L.S. as brigadier general, 2pp. 4to., Holly Springs, Miss., November 28, 1862, a battle report sent to Union major general Charles S. Hamilton (1822-1891) regarding recent engagements with Confederate troops. In part: '...Arriving near the town I met a column of rebel cavalry...they fell back skirmishing...we drove them through in a short fight...Ally forces are now reforming...Seven rebels are reportedly killed...I am now inclined to move on Lumpkins Mill...Please send me instructions...The enemy's cavalry is absent all of Lumpkin's Mill...' Slight creasing and edge wear, minor toning. Holly Springs was the site of a temporary supply depot and headquarters for the forces of Ulysses S. Grant during the Vicksburg Campaign. Because of this it was the site of multiple Confederate raids trying to disrupt the Union supply lines, the most notable one occurring a month later on Dec. 20, 1862 when Confederate general Earl Van Dorn attacked with three columns of cavalry. He succeeded in destroying approximately 1.5 million dollars' worth of supplies and captured 1,500 prisoners. This event as well as Nathan Bedford Forrest's raids into Western Tennessee ultimately forced Grant to retreat and prolong his campaign.

Lot: 1167 - ALBERT PIKE

(1809-1891) Confederate brigadier general who led Indians fighting for the south, appointed to negotiate a treaty with the five 'Civilized' nations but resigned under pressure. Later and author and poet. Until 2020 he was the only Confederate to have an outdoor statue dedicated to him in Washington D.C., but it was destroyed amid the George Floyd Protests for his supposed ties with the Ku Klux Klan. A.L.S., 1p. 4to., Little Rock, Feb. 20, 1844, a personal letter to William J. Porter. In part: '...Ever since I reached here I have been ineffectively trying to write you a letter...May I ever hope to see you out in our new region, for if you don't come to me, who knows whether we shall ever meet again...' Expertly inlaid to a larger sheet with a fold at the left margin. Fine condition.

Lot: 1168 - ALBERT SIDNEY JOHNSTON

(1803 - 1862) Confederate major general, outnumbered and defeated at Logan Crossroads, Forts Henry and Donelson, wounded and bled to death at Shiloh. Considered by Jefferson Davis to be the South's finest general before the emergence of Robert E. Lee. A.L.S. 'A. Sidney Johnston' as a paymaster in the U.S. Army, 1p. 4to., Austin TX, January 8, 1851, to Army paymaster general Benjamin F. Larned transmitting a monthly statement of monies received. Lightly toned with a large ink stain to the bottom not affecting any text. Accompanied by an image of Johnston.

Lot: 1169 - ALEXANDER M. PENNOCK

ALEXANDER M. PENNOCK (1813-1876) Union naval rear admiral, fleet captain of the Mississippi River Squadron. War date E.S. 'A.H. Pennock', 1p. 4to., Cairo, February 25, 1864, stating that he answered a message. In full: '...I have this day answered this communication to the effect that Admiral Porter has given orders relative to the Construction of the vessels at Cincinnati and that those orders must not be deviated from...' David D. Porter (1813 - 1891) was a Union admiral who received the surrenders of Forts Jackson and St. Philip and was indispensable in the siege and subsequent Union victory at Vicksburg. Slightly toned with scattered ink stains, else fine.

Lot: 1170 - ALEXANDER SCHIMMELFENNIG

(1824 - 1865) Union brigadier general at Chancellorsville and Gettysburg where his men were overrun in the streets of the town and he was wounded. He evaded capture for three days before rejoining his overjoyed men. He later commanded forces in the Carolinas, and had the honor of accepting Charleston's surrender on February 18, 1865. During his time of service in the swamps about Charleston, he contracted a virulent form of tuberculosis which ultimately led to his death. Very rare war-date signature on a 3.25 x 1 in, slip, with rank of brigadier general added beneath in a different, contemporary hand. Very good. Schimmelfennig is among the rarest of all Union generals!

Lot: 1171 - ALFRED E. JACKSON

ALFRED E. JACKSON (1807 - 1889) Confederate brigadier general. In the Knoxville Campaign he captured 240 men of the 100th Ohio Infantry at the Battle of Telford's Station, also fighting at Mill Springs and Blue Springs. War-date D.S. as brigadier general, 1p. oblong 4to., [n.p.], a return of 580 rations for 290 'Convalescent Troops' for which none were on hand. Jackson pencils-in quantities of rations delivered and signs in pencil at bottom. Also signed by a major who adds 'Jacksons Brigade' after his signature. Very good.

Lot: 1172 - ALFRED H. COLQUITT

(1824-1894) Confederate brigadier general who served at Antietam, Fredericksburg, and Chancellorsville, Governor of Georgia, and U.S. Senator. Black ink signature as Governor on a 3.5 x 2 in. card. Fine condition.

Lot: 1173 - ALFRED H. COLQUITT

(1824-1894) Confederate brigadier general who served at Antietam, Fredericksburg, and Chancellorsville, Governor of Georgia, and U.S. Senator. Black ink signature as brigadier general on a 3 x 1 in. slip. Fine condition.

Lot: 1174 - ALFRED JEFFERSON VAUGHAN, JR.

(1830 - 1899) Confederate brigadier general, was wounded twice, fighting mainly in the Western Theater of the conflict. Vaughan's most notable service was during the Battle of Chickamauga on September 17-18, 1863, after which he was given a field promotion personally by Confederate President Jefferson Davis 'for conspicuous gallantry'. Rare war-date signed endorsement cut from a document: 'Respectfully forwarded A. J. Vaughan Jr. Sr. Col. Comdg Preston Smith's Brigade'. Mounted, very good.

Lot: 1175 - ALFRED M. SCALES

(1827-1892) Confederate brigadier general who served under Robert E. Lee for the entirety of the war, fought with distinction at Chancellorsville and Gettysburg. Later a governor of North Carolina. Partly printed D.S. as governor, 1p. 13 x 17 in., Raleigh, Dec. 28, 1887, a deed for 80 acres of land sold to C.M. Hodges. Co-signed by WILLIAM L. SAUNDERS (1835-1891), North Carolina Secretary of State and a Ku Klux Klan leader. Folds, some light soiling and wear.

Lot: 1176 - ALFRED M. SCALES

(1827-1892) Confederate brigadier general who served under Robert E. Lee for the entirety of the war, fought with distinction at Chancellorsville and Gettysburg. Later a governor of North Carolina. Black ink signature 'A.M. Scales' on a cut pink sheet. Mounted. Fine condition.

Lot: 1177 - ALLEN THOMAS

(1830 - 1907) Confederate brigadier general who fought in the Vicksburg Campaign, notably at the Battle of Chickasaw Bayou. Captured when Vicksburg fell, and later commanded a brigade in Polignac's division. Rare A.L.S., 1p. 4to., Decatur, Aug. 1, 1856, to Gen. Columbus O'Donnel[?] in Baltimore. Thomas discusses compensation due to certain trustees, and the trouble he has had dealing with the estate in question. Pencil note at bottom, very good, with integral address leaf.

Lot: 1178 - AMBROSE E. BURNSIDE

AMBROSE E. BURNSIDE (1824-1881) Union major general who is known for the disastrous charges made at Fredericksburg in 1862, and the nicknaming of his distinctive facial hair. Partly printed D.S. as Governor of Rhode Island, 1p. 14 x 8.75 in., Providence, June 3, 1868, an appointment of Burnett[?] Munroe as a Public Notary granting him all powers of the role, signed at the conclusion. Co-signed by Rhode Island Secretary of State JOHN BARTLETT (1805-1886). Fine condition.

Lot: 1179 - AMBROSE P. HILL

(1825 - 1865) Confederate lieutenant general who led Hill's Light Division through the Battles of Cedar Mountain, Antietam and Chancellorsville, led the III Corps at Gettysburg, killed in the final defense of Petersburg. Cut war-date endorsement as lieutenant general, 3.75 x 7 in., forwarding a document. Slightly toned, else fine.

Lot: 1180 - ANDREW J. HAMILTON

(1815-1875) Texas statesman and Governor, sided with the Union during the Civil War and was considered a traitor by his constituents because of it. A.L.S., 1p. 4to., Austin, Nov. 20, 1854, to an attorney requesting legal papers regarding a court case between two individuals. Co-signed by Confederate Senator from Texas WILLIAMSON S. OLDHAM (1813-1868). Ink show through else fine condition.

Lot: 1181 - ARCHIBALD C. GODWIN

(1831 - 1864) Confederate brigadier general whose appointment was never confirmed due to his death at the Battle of Opequon. Served as Provost Marshall of Richmond and at Libby Prison. Rare war date A.E.S. on the verso of a letter, 1p. 4to., Richmond, April 30, 1862, from R.M. Booker to Godwin stating '...I have only been getting a detail of 25 men from Camp Lee, when I cannot go on with less than 40. There has been no detail this morning, therefore the men from Camp Lee have not been relieved...' Godwin writes an endorsement on the verso submitting the document. The bottom of the letter bears another A.E.S. written and initialed by Confederate general and prison commandant JOHN H. WINDER (1800-1865) reading: 'The men are not to be had. You will have to dispense with the patrol. JHW.' Light toning and foxing, else fine.

Lot: 1182 - AUGUSTUS A. CHAPMAN

(1805-1876) Confederate brigadier general who served in the Gauley Bridge campaign and in various civil posts during the war. Black ink signature as ‘General' on a 7 x 1 in. slip cut from a ledger. Fine condition.

Lot: 1183 - BENJAMIN F. BUTLER

BENJAMIN F. BUTLER (1818 - 1893) Union major general, called 'The Beast' for his authoritarian control of occupied New Orleans. Later in the war, he commanded the Army of the James. A.L.S., 3pp. 8vo., Washington, Mar. 18, 1869 to American journalist and anti-slavery activist JAMES REDPATH in Boston. In part: '...I certainly cannot blame you for your signing for King. I am half the time signing for my enemies but not when I know it. King belongs to the [Massachusetts Governor] John A. Andrew school whose virtue is malignity...' More political content. Expertly inlaid, with two mounted albumen images.

Lot: 1184 - BENJAMIN F. CHEATHAM

(1820 - 1886) Confederate major general and corps commander with the Army of Tennessee. He saw action from Shiloh to Atlanta. Inflicted many casualties on William T. Sherman's army at the Battle of Kennesaw Mountain. Black ink signature on a 5 x 3.5 in. slip adding rank: ‘(Late) Maj. Genl. C.S.A. Nashville Ten. May 1st/66', bearing an annotation in another hand underneath that reads 'A braver nobler man never dwelt among men.' Mounted, fine condition.

Lot: 1185 - BENJAMIN F. ISHERWOOD

BENJAMIN F. ISHERWOOD (1822 – 1915) Union rear admiral, Engineer-in-Chief of the Navy during the Civil War, and founder of the Bureau of Steam Engineering. Isherwood was largely responsible for the Navy's ironclad fleet and it's technologically superior power plants. Rare war-date A.D.S. on 'Navy Department, Office of Engineer-in-Chief' letterhead, 1p. 8vo., Aug. 13, 1862 to steam engine manufacturer Harrison Loring in Boston. This telegram reads: 'Will you take one of the inclined engines at eighty two thousand, time 7 months. New York parties have taken. Answer by telegraph...' Fine.

Lot: 1186 - BENJAMIN HUGER

(1805 - 1877) Confederate major general who led the evacuation of Norfolk and a division at Seven Pines, Gaines Mill and Malvern Hill. War date L.S., 1p, 4to. with integral leaf, Norfolk, March 8, 1862, to fellow general Henry A. Wise. In part: '...The Secretary of War writes under date of the 5th, 'I am informed by Colonel Shaw that he gave Genl. Wise his report last week. You are therefore instructed to request from Genl. Wise the report of Col. Shaw and to make up such a report as you can from the materials in your possession'... I request you will comply with the above...' Pinholes and chipping to the left margin, partly inlaid.

Lot: 1187 - BENJAMIN J. HILL

(1825 - 1880) Confederate brigadier general who served gallantly at Shiloh, Chickamauga, and Franklin. Towards the end of the war, he served with under Nathan Bedford Forrest. A.L.S., 1p. 4to., McMinnville, January 27, 1879, to fellow general Marcus J. Wright (1831-1922) responding to a request for papers. In part: '...I return you my thanks for his favor. I have my muster rolls of my regiment made in 1864...Would you like to have these sent to you?...[I will] get them together.' Scattered ink stains, partly inlaid to a larger sheet, else fine. Following the war, Marcus J. Wright was appointed an agent by the U.S. War Department to collect Confederate records.

Lot: 1188 - (CAPTOR OF JEFFERSON DAVIS) BENJAMIN D. PRITCHARD

(CAPTOR OF JEFFERSON DAVIS) BENJAMIN D. PRITCHARD (1835 – 1907) Union officer, most known for leading the Union cavalry regiment which captured Jefferson Davis in the weeks surrounding following the close of the American Civil War. Scarce A.L.S., 1p. 8vo., 1p. 8vo., Lansing, Apr. 2, 1869, 'most cheerfully' complying with his correspondent request and adding his rank as Brevet Brigadier General. Fine.

Lot: 1189 - BERNARD E. BEE, JR.

BERNARD E. BEE, JR. (1824 - 1861) Confederate brigadier general who commanded a brigade at Bull Run and gave Jackson his famous nickname 'Stonewall'. Mortally wounded, he died the next day, June 22, 1861. Rare signature and rank cut from a document: 'B. E. Bee Lt. Col. Comdg'. Fine, with ample room for matting.

Lot: 1190 - BEVERLY ROBERTSON

BEVERLY ROBERTSON (1827-1910) Confederate brigadier general who saw action at Second Bull Run, Antietam, and Brandy Station, known for his command of cavalry. Cut war date signature with rank on a 2.5 x 1 in. slip. Slightly toned, else fine.

Lot: 1191 - C.S.A. GEN JOHN D. KENNEDY REIMBURSED FOR DEATH OF HIS SLAVE

C.S.A. GEN JOHN D. KENNEDY REIMBURSED FOR DEATH OF HIS SLAVE JOHN DOBY KENNEDY (1840–1896) Confederate brigadier general and later Lieutenant Governor of South Carolina, badly wounded at First Bull Run, led his regiment in Kershaw's counterattack during the Battle of Antietam, where he was again wounded. Kennedy led the 2nd and 8th South Carolina at Marye's Heights, and efficiently led his regiment during the battles of Chancellorsville and Gettysburg. He would fight with Johnston in the Carolinas until war's end. Fine content war-date D.S., 1p. legal folio, 'Kershaw District', Jan. 5, 1864, his appointment of A.M. Kennedy to receive reimbursement from South Carolina for: '...the loss of my Negro slave Robert who died in Jany 1863 from disease in const[ruction]...for the defense of the State...' Lightly toned, else very good.

Lot: 1192 - CADMUS M. WILCOX

(1924-1890) Confederate major general who served with distinction under Joseph E. Johnston and James Longstreet. At the Battle of Gettysburg Wilcox commanded George Pickett's right flank during his fateful charge – it was decimated by the Union artillery atop Cemetery Ridge. A.L.S., 2pp. 8vo., Washington D.C., February 1, 1880, to 'Gen. M-P Hamilton' recommending a soldier named 'Col Edelin' for the rank of adjutant general. Fine condition.

Lot: 1193 - CAMILLE A. J. POLIGNAC

CAMILLE A. J. POLIGNAC (1832-1913) French Confederate major general who served on the staffs of Beauregard and Bragg, fought with distinction in the Red River Campaign. Sent by the Confederacy in 1864 to request recognition and intervention by Napoleon III but arrived too late. The last living Confederate major general at the time of his death. Rare, war date black ink signature with rank on a 4.5 x 2 in. card, dated April 14, 1863. Adhesive residue on the verso, else fine.

Lot: 1194 - CAPT. WILLIAM MCBLAIR AND C.S.S. ATLANTA GROUPING

CAPT. WILLIAM MCBLAIR AND C.S.S. ATLANTA GROUPING CAPT. WILLIAM MCBLAIR AND C.S.S. ATLANTA GROUPINGWILLIAM MCBLAIR (ca. 1802-1863) American naval officer, commanded the USS DALE in suppression of the slave trade off western Africa. After his service in the U.S. Navy's African Squadron, McBlair joined the Confederate Navy and commanded the CSS PATRICK HENRY as well as the ironclad CSS ATLANTA. Died in 1863 on board a hospital ship. Lot of eight war-date documents concerning the CSS ATLANTA and McBlair's service aboard the vessel. Includes: an A.D.C.'s letter to McBlair on ""Headquarters Major General Commanding Forces in Norfolk Harbor"" letterhead, May 4, 1861 asking the number of guns at Crane's Island and ordering an officer be sent to determine additional needs for the defense of the island; a letter from FRANKLIN BUCHANAN (1800 - 1874) Confederate admiral who commanded the ironclad C.S.S. Virginia (Merrimac) and was severely wounded in the famous engagement, on CSA Office of Orders and Detail letterhead, Richmond, Sep. 20, 1861 to McBlair advising that his request for additional sailors had been declined; the CSA Navy order to McBlair, Richmond, Sep. 24, 1862, ordering McBlair to Savannah to receive command of the FINGAL (soon to be commissioned the CSS ATLANTA), bearing an A.E.S. as bottom by JOSIAH TATTNALL, (1795-1871) a Confederate commodore who defended Fort Royal and later scuttled the Merrimac to prevent her capture; a fair copy of an extract of a Sep. 27, 1862 letter from CSA Navy Secretary Stephen R. Mallory to Tattnall ordering that the FINGAL be prepared for service as quickly as possible; a Dec. 4, 1862 order from Savannah placing a corporal from the 13th Ga. Battery aboard the ATLANTA; a Dec. 5, 1862 letter from an ATLANTA engineer to McBlair complaining that few needed stores had been received; a Jan. 3, 1863 Confederate Naval Station, Savannah, Ga.' requisition for 20 tons of coal, signed by an ATLANTA engineer; a Mar. 30, 1863 letter to McBlair's wife, apparently regretting the loss of their son, docketed and signed at bottom by McBlair, and five pieces of personal correspondence concerning the McBlair family, some letters of condolence. Overall very good.

Lot: 1195 - CASSIUS M. CLAY

(1810 - 1903) Union major general who refused to serve because emancipation had not been declared at the beginning of the war. He served as minister to Russia from Lincoln to Grant's administration. Scarce A.N.S., 1p. 5.25 x 3 in., White Hall, KY, January 25, 1884, responding to a request for an autograph of his cousin Henry Clay. In part: '...I have long since exhausted my store of H.C. autographs.... write to his son John...' A few scattered ink stains. Mounted.

Lot: 1196 - CHARLES A. DANA

(1819-1897) Assistant Secretary of War for Abraham Lincoln, liaison between the War Department and General U.S. Grant. Prior to the war he worked as a top aide to Horace Greely at the New York Tribune. Printed D.S. on War Department letterhead, 1p. 4to., Washington D.C., August 18, 1864, appointing W.W. Wirt as Captain of the 2nd Michigan Infantry regiment, signed by Dana as Assistant Secretary of War. Fine condition.

Lot: 1197 - CHARLES A. DANA

(1819-1897) Assistant Secretary of War for Abraham Lincoln, liaison between the War Department and General U.S. Grant. Prior to the war he worked as a top aide to Horace Greely at the New York Tribune. Good content A.L.S. on War Department letterhead, 4pp. 4to., Washington D.C., Feb. 4, 1864, to Union major general William F. "Baldy" Smith (1824-1903) sharing gossip regarding other generals. In part: '...The Senate have not yet acted on any of the new batch of heroes before them but have called for the recommendations on which they have been nominated. I hope Schofield will do in East Tennessee but I am not over confident. The Secretary of War told me that he would not send you there because he desired to have you in command elsewhere...As I hear in the A.P. [Army of the Potomac] Grant wishes you to be first there, what sentiments of delight this causes in the heart of Gen. Meade or any of his campers I am not informed....I judge that so much time has now been past that Grant's project against Mobile cannot be executed...' John Schofield (1831-1906) Union major general, served as Secretary of War under Presidents Johnson and Grant, as well as Commanding General of the U.S. Army. General Smith would eventually be assigned to command under Ulysses S. Grant during his Wilderness Campaign of 1864. Fine condition.

Lot: 1198 - CHARLES C. DODGE

CHARLES C. DODGE (1841 – 1910) Union brigadier general and one of the youngest in history (21), commanded successful engagements during the Suffolk Campaign and at Hertford NC, and engaged rioters during the New York Draft Riots. Scarce war date A.L.S., 2pp. 8vo., New York, August 7, 1862, to Gen. Thomas Hillhouse (1817-1897) requesting authorization to move a company of soldiers to Suffolk. Expertly inlaid. Slightly toned, else fine condition.

Lot: 1199 - CHARLES CLARK

(1811-1877) Confederate brigadier general who was wounded at the Battle of Shiloh and alter became the last Confederate governor of Mississippi. Partially printed war date D.S. as governor, 1p. 4to., Mississippi, March 9, 1864, authorizing the payment of $610 to William S. Williams for two horses taken under the provisions of an act passed by the Confederate Congress to impress personal property for the war effort. Fine condition.

Lot: 1200 - CHARLES D. JAMESON

CHARLES D. JAMESON (1827 – 1862) Union brigadier general, commanded the 2nd Maine Volunteer Infantry Regiment at First Bull Run. Returning to service after running for the governorship of Maine, was an American Civil War general and Democratic Party candidate for Governor of Maine. He contracted "camp fever" (typhoid) at the Battle of Fair Oaks, Jameson was wounded and subsequently died from typhoid fever contracted at the Battle of Fair Oaks. Very rare war-date L.S. as brigadier general, 2pp. 8vo., 'Head Qrs 3rd Brigade', 'Near Alexandria', Jan. 6, 1862 to Edward Richards, Secretary of the Suffolk Institute. Jameson has been invited to the annual meeting of the Suffolk Institute, but the invitation had been misdirected to his old command. He adds that he wished he could attend but: '...my duties here require my constant attention...please ptresent my thanks to the officers & members...for the honor thus conferred...' Fine.

Lot: 1201 - CHARLES M. SHELLEY

(1833-1907) Confederate brigadier general and later U.S. Congressman from Alabama. Black ink signature on a 5.5 x 3 in. card. Fine.

Lot: 1202 - CHARLES S. HAMILTON

(1822 - 1891) Union general who fought at the Siege of York and Iuka, where he was wounded.War-date A.L.S. 1p. 8vo., Fond du Lac, July 27, 1863, to an unidentified major, in part: '...Your draft reached me safely, but a more pleasant thing was to see your own 'hand write'. Remember us kindly to Mrs. Potter...'. Mounted to another sheet, very good.

Lot: 1203 - CHARLES WILKES

CHARLES WILKES (1798 – 1877) American naval officer, ship's captain, court-martialed for the massacre of almost 80 Fijians on Malolo in 1840. He commanded USS San Jacinto during the Trent Affair, where he stopped a Royal Mail Ship and removed two Confederate diplomats, which almost led to war between the US and the UK. Scarce signature cut from a letter, mounted.

Lot: 1204 - CLINTON B. FISK

CLINTON B. FISK (1828-1890) Union brigadier general who seized Camp Jackson as the war started, served throughout Missouri, and founded Fisk University as a school for freedmen. Presidential candidate for the Prohibition Party in 1888. War date A.D.S., 1p. 8vo., [n.p.], November 25, 1864, ordering a guard to be provided for an individual. Slightly toned, else fine.

Lot: 1205 - CONRAD F. JACKSON

(1813-1862) Union brigadier general who served at Second Bull Run, Antietam and Fredericksburg during which he was killed in action by a Confederate volley. Close cut black ink signature on a 2.5 x .5 in. slip from another document, affixed to a slightly larger sheet that later added his rank of brigadier general. Slightly toned, else fine.

Lot: 1206 - DANIEL H. HILL

(1821 - 1889) Confederate lieutenant general, called 'D.H. Hill' to distinguish him from A.P. Hill, served with distinction in various campaigns of the war but was largely underutilized towards the end of the war due to political feuds with Robert E. Lee and Braxton Bragg. Great association A.L.S., 2pp. 8vo., Fayetteville, Aug. 13, 1878, to fellow general Marcus J. Wright (1831-1922) responding to a request for papers or documents. In part: '...My library and papers are still in...NC and I cannot tell when I will have access to them. As I preserved all my letters and reports I have a large amount...I wish that I could put into your hands my report of Chickamauga. My military superiors ignored my presence and services though I surely did my full duty...' Scattered ink stains, expertly inlaid, else fine. Following the war, Marcus J. Wright was appointed an agent by the U.S War Department to collect Confederate records. In 1863 Hill was sent to command a corps in Braxton Bragg's newly reorganized Army of Tennessee. The two had served together in the Mexican War and Hill was initially pleased to be reunited with an old friend. The warm sentiments did not last long, as after the bloody Confederate victory at Chickamauga, Hill and other generals openly condemned Bragg's failure to fully exploit their advantage. President Jefferson Davis personally came to resolve the dispute but sided with Bragg on the issue. As a result, the army was reorganized again leaving Hill without a command, and he saw less fighting through the remainder of the war due to this feud.

Lot: 1207 - DANIEL H. REYNOLDS

(1832 - 1902) Confederate brigadier general, commander of the 1st Arkansas Mounted Rifles. He fought in the Tullahoma Campaign and at Chickamauga. As a brigadier, he led in the Atlanta, Franklin-Nashville, and Carolinas campaigns. A.D.S. twice, 1p. 4to., Arkansas, January 1887, a court motion to strike exceptions from the estate of J. H. Hillard, signed by Reynolds as an attorney. Fine condition.

Lot: 1208 - DANIEL M. FROST

(1823 - 1900) Confederate brigadier general who led the Southern sympathetic 'Missouri Volunteer Militia' during the Camp Jackson affair in St Louis, early in the war, later traveled to Canada to be with his family which was forced from their St. Louis home. He never received permission for his travel and was labeled a deserter. A.L.S., 1p. 8vo., St. Louis, October 28, 1890, responding to a request for an autograph and information on other generals. In part: '...I enclose the autograph...S.G. French I saw some years since at his place...Dabney Maury will very probably be found near [?]...John S. Bowen is dead, of the others I know nothing...' Lightly toned, some adhesive residue on the verso, else fine.

Lot: 1209 - DARIUS N. COUCH

DARIUS N. COUCH (1822 - 1897) Union major general who led a division at Second Bull Run, Antietam, Chancellorsville and Fredericksburg. Offered command of the Army of the Potomac by Lincoln after Hooker's dismissal for Chancellorsville but declined due to poor health. War-date signed endorsement on the verso of a document, 2pp. legal folio, 'Camp Brightwood', November 29, 1864, written by Col. Charles Jones to adjutant general of the State of New York Thomas Hillhouse (1817-1897) listing names of soldiers for the consideration of promotion. Couch boldly signs an endorsement on the verso forwarding the document. Slightly toned, a few small tears at the creases.

Lot: 1210 - [U.S.S. CONSTITUTION] DAVID D. PORTER

[U.S.S. CONSTITUTION] DAVID D. PORTER DAVID D. PORTER (1813 - 1891) Union admiral who received the surrenders of Forts Jackson and St. Philip, and was indispensable in the siege and subsequent Union victory at Vicksburg. Fine content A.L.S., 1p. 8vo., U.S. Navy Yard, Portsmouth, Dec. 3, 1857 concerning surveying the USS CONSTITUTION. In part: '...I would recommend that the running rigging (or a portion of it) belonging to the Constitution, and a fishing seine may be surveyed as I think it unfit to go in the ship again...' Trimmed at bottom, else fine.

Lot: 1211 - DAVID D. PORTER

DAVID D. PORTER (1813 - 1891) Union admiral who received the surrenders of Forts Jackson and St. Philip, and was indispensable in the siege and subsequent Union victory at Vicksburg. War-date partly-printed D.S. as Acting Rear Admiral, 1p. 8vo., [n.p.]. June 23, 1863, an appointment: 'Be it known, that reposing trust in the honor and ability of John B. Montgomery I do hereby appoint him a first class Pilot of the U.S. Mississippi Squadron...' Fine.

Lot: 1212 - DAVID D. PORTER

DAVID D. PORTER (1813 - 1891) Union admiral and later served as superintendent of the U.S Naval Academy. Partly printed D.S. on Naval Academy letterhead, 1p. 4to., Annapolis, September 24, 1866, informing H.C. McClaine[?] that he is to be detached from the USS Winnipec and will report as an instructor in the Department of Steam Enginery. Boldly signed. Scattered ink stains else fine.

Lot: 1213 - DAVID G. FARRAGUT

DAVID G. FARRAGUT (1801 - 1870) Union rear admiral instrumental in the taking of New Orleans and the Union control of the Mississippi. It was at Mobile Bay where he exclaimed 'Damn the torpedoes! Full speed ahead!' War date A.L.S., 2pp. 4to., 'Flag Ship Hartford', November 15, 1864, to Gen. Daniel Sickles (1819-1914) recommending an appointment for an officer's son to the naval academy. In part: '...Some time since...Eaton expressed a desire to get his son an appointment at the Naval School, and I gave him such a letter as I could, not knowing the youth I could only speak of the Father, as a good officer who has always been zealous in the cause of his country and the discharge of his duties in the command of his vessel, and that I had no doubt the young man would emulate his parent as an officer in a profession he was so anxious to enter...' Creased with some light stains, else fine.

Lot: 1214 - DAVID HUNTER

DAVID HUNTER (1802 - 1886) Union major general first to order the abolishment of slavery in the South, and later presided over the trial of the Lincoln assassination conspirators. War-date A.L.S. as major general, 1p. 4to., Fort Leavenworth, Jan. 16, 1862 to Adj. Gen. LORENZO THOMAS in Washington asking that Brigadier Gen. Henry W. Benham be ordered to duty in the Department of Kansas. Two tape repairs to verso, else fine. Benham was subject to a court martial after the battle of James Island on June 16, 1862, at which he was in immediate command under Hunter. Here, Hunter plainly seeks to aid his old subordinate. Benham instead was demoted and served as lieutenant colonel in command of the engineer brigade of the Army of the Potomac.

Lot: 1215 - DUDLEY M. DUBOSE

DUDLEY M. DUBOSE (1834 - 1883) Confederate brigadier general. At Gettysburg, his regiment participated in Hood's attack on the Union III Corps, fighting at Devil's Den. He led his regiment at the Battle of Chickamauga, where he was wounded, saw combat at the Wilderness, Spotsylvania Court House and the Battle of Cold Harbor, captured at Sailor's Creek. Franked envelope as a U.S. Congressman, addressed to ex-Confederate Vice President Alexander H. Stephens in Crawfordville, Ga. Stephens himself has docketed the verso of the envelope. A tear affects the first tow letters of the signature, else very good.

Lot: 1216 - DUNCAN N. INGRAHAM

DUNCAN N. INGRAHAM (1802 - 1887) Confederate Navy Commodore who served as Chief of Ordnance, Construction and Repair and commanded much of the South Carolina coast during the war. Good content war-date manuscript L.S., 1p. 4to., Charleston, Jan. 18, 1864. As Charleston suffers under a continuous Union bombardment, Ingraham writes Messrs. D & H Hurlbut[?] advising: '...The public urgency demands that the building no occupied by you as a store be turned over to government use. I understand that there are a few barrels which you will please remove as soon as possible...' At bottom, the store owners reply they cannot 'surrender their store without great loss...they will take all legal measures to defend their property...' Some blurring, else very good.

Lot: 1217 - EDMUND KIRBY SMITH

EDMUND KIRBY SMITH (1824 - 1893) Confederate lieutenant general who led troops at First Bull Run, fought under Bragg at Perryville, and later commanded forces in the Trans-Mississippi, crushing Banks in the Red River Campaign. Cut signature 'E. Kirby Smith' on a 3.25 x 2 in. slip. Slightly toned, else fine.

Lot: 1218 - EDMUND KIRBY SMITH

(1824 - 1893) Confederate lieutenant general who led troops at First Bull Run, fought under Bragg at Perryville, and later commanded forces in the Trans-Mississippi, crushing Banks in the Red River Campaign. A.L.S., 2pp. 8vo, Nashville, June 22 [n.y. but likely post war], to William Booker[?] regarding a recent outbreak of cholera. In part: '...I think the Cholera is now in a steady and permanent decline. It has been pretty bad amongst the poor and negroes and very fatal with them, but very few careful and prudent persons and especially amongst the better classes are attacked...' Scattered stains throughout, last page with signature detached from the rest of the letter. After the war Smith worked a variety of jobs, but from 1870-75 he was the Chancellor of the University of Nashville. In 1873 the city of Nashville had a severe outbreak of cholera which is likely the one referenced here.

Lot: 1219 - EDMUND PETTUS

(1821-1907) Confederate brigadier general commander of infantry, captured multiple times, later a U.S. Senator for Alabama and member of the Ku Klux Klan. Black ink signature on a 4 x 1 in. slip cut from an A.L.S. Affixed to a larger sheet. Fine condition.

Lot: 1220 - EDWARD E. POTTER

EDWARD E. POTTER (1823-1889) Union brigadier general who commanded troops in the Army of the Ohio, and organized raids through the Carolinas in the later stages of the war. War date A.L.S., 1p. 4to., Deveaux Neck, January 6, 1865, to Captain W.C. Manning, a former member of his staff. In part: '...I am sorry that your health has not been completely restored at Beaufort, but think you are taking the wisest course in going north...I trust you will come back at the end of your leave...I shall certainly have a place for you on the staff...Everything has been very quiet not to say dull since you left with the exception of our daily artillery combats and a little reconnaissance made a week ago...' Slightly toned, else fine. Potter and his forces at this time were under the command of Gen. William T. Sherman during his March to the Sea. One month prior to this, they were engaged at the Battle of Tulifinny in which Union forces landed at Gregorie Point, also known as Deveaux Neck, with the objective of cutting off railroad lines to the city of Savannah. The Confederate troops, comprised mostly of cadets from the South Carolina Military Academy, successfully defended the attempt and held out for a few weeks until more Union reinforcements arrived.

Lot: 1221 - EDWARD P. CHAPIN

EDWARD P. CHAPIN (1831 - 1863) Union brigadier general, seriously wounded in the Battle of Hanover Court House, among the 86 casualties the 44th N.Y. Having raised the 116th N.Y., he participated in the assault on Port Hudson, where he was twice wounded. The second wound, within a few yards of the Rebel breastworks, proved fatal. Very rare partial war-date D.S. adding rank as 'Colonel 1st Brigade' of the 48th Mass. Vols., 2pp. 26 x 10.5 in., [n.p.] Apr. 30, 1863 (less than a month before his death), the top portion of a muster roll of the 48th Mass., approved by Chapin on the verso. In poor condition with crudely repaired fold splits, toning, and a clean tear affecting one of Chapin's initials, estimated accordingly.

Lot: 1222 - EDWARD R. CANBY

EDWARD R. CANBY (1817 - 1873) Union major general who commanded the Department of New Mexico stopping Sibley's assault on California. He later commanded the assault on Mobile and after the war was killed by Modoc Indians. A.D.S. as Assistant Adjutant General, 1p. 4to., east Pascagoula, Aug. 24, 1848, 'Special Order No. 109'. A directive concerning the mustering-out dragoons and artillery corp members who had been enlisted for service during the Mexican War, as well as some hospital assignments and orders. Expertly inlaid, with an albumen photo in uniform mounted to a larger sheet. Fine. The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ending the war had been signed the previous February.

Lot: 1223 - EDWIN M. STANTON

EDWIN M. STANTON Fine association and content L.S. as Secretary of War on official letterhead, 1p. 4to., Washington, Nov.8, 1865 to President ANDREW JOHNSON condemning in no uncertain terms the proposed commissioning of Col. and Bvt. Brigadier Gen. J. M. Cutts, 11th U.S. Infantry. He quotes a report to Johnson: "...'This officer has been once dismissed by Court martial, and has since escaped trial under grave charges promising to resign - a promise he has not fulfilled. His promotion is most strongly disapproved. (Signed) U.S. Grant; Lieut. General'...' Fine condition. Grant may have been a bit too hard on Cutts. During the war, Capt. James M. Cutts (1837-1903) was charged with conduct unbecoming an officer after he allegedly committed several offenses, including criticizing Burnside in letters to the president, constantly arguing with his fellow officers, and attempting to view a married woman dressing in the hotel room next to his. His appeal reached President Lincoln, who approved the convictions, but reduced the punishment to a written reprimand. Lincoln then wrote Cutts a letter, likely presented in person, indicating that he was sure the 'peeping' offense would not be repeated, and urging Cutts to attain his full potential by demonstrating self-control. Cutts is reported to have been so chastened that he resolved to reclaim his reputation through battlefield heroism. Cutts displayed extraordinary gallantry at the Battle of the Wilderness, the Battle of Spotsylvania and the Battle of Petersburg. However, while serving in Louisiana in 1868, Cutts was accused of being intoxicated while on duty, being indecently dressed, and being abusive to the soldiers under his command. Informed that the convening authority for his subsequent court-martial intended to recommend his dismissal from the service, Cutts resigned his commission on June 19, 1868. Perhaps there was yet another 'indiscretion' to which Grant alluded to in his report. In any event, Cutts highest brevet would be as a Lieutenant Colonel...but on May 2, 1891 he was awarded the Medal of Honor for his heroism at the Wilderness, Spotsylvania and Petersburg!

Lot: 1224 - ELISHA F. PAXTON

ELISHA F. PAXTON (1828-1863) Confederate brigadier general, aide to Stonewall Jackson, commander of the famous Stonewall Brigade, killed in action at the Battle of Chancellorsville. Rare A.L.S. 'E. F. Paxton', 3pp. 8vo., Lexington, Jan. 17, 1859, financial content to a business partner: '...Enclosed you will find some papers which I prepared last summer for you...I enclose your note for $2800.12...I have collected the judgement vs. Arnall & paid off in full the land bond...the land held by Jordan will be sufficient...Jordan stock in the company $6000 is bound for the payment of this note as he has no right to have the stock issued until he complies with his contract to have the land entirely relieved from the liens for purchase money...' Light fold, else fine condition.

Lot: 1225 - ELKANAH B. GREER

(1825 - 1877) Confederate brigadier general who served in the Mexican American War under Jefferson Davis, later commanded his own brigade and was chief of the conscription bureau. Scarce, good content D.S. 'E. Greer', 1p. oblong 8vo., Marshall, February 28, 1854, as a witness to the sale of a slave. In part: '...One thousand dollars in part pmt. For Christeny, a negro girl about 22 years of age...'Lightly toned, else fine.

Lot: 1226 - ELLISON CAPERS

(1837-1908) Confederate brigadier general who served with Joseph E. Johnston at Vicksburg, fought in the Chickamauga campaign, and was captured after the Battle of Bentonville. Black ink signature as a colonel of the 24th S.C.V. on a small card. Very good.

Lot: 1227 - ELY S. PARKER

ELY S. PARKER (1828 – August 31, 1895), born Hasanoanda, Union brevet brigadier general, adjutant and secretary to General Ulysses S. Grant. He wrote the final draft of the Confederate surrender terms at Appomattox. Grant later appointed Parker as Commissioner of Indian Affairs, the first Native American to hold that post. Partly-printed D.S. filled--out and signed by Parker as Commissioner of Indian Affairs, 1p. 4to., Washington, Apr. 1, 1870, a reminder to Christian J. Decker, Esq. in Oswego that he must soon exercise his option to purchase 40 acres of land in the 'Cherokee Neutral Lands in Kansas' lest the option be granted to another party. Fine.

Lot: 1228 - FELIX H. ROBERTSON

(1839-1928) Controversial Confederate brigadier general known for his role in the execution of black Union soldiers after the Battle of Saltville, son of fellow Confederate general Jerome B. Robertson. A.L.S., 1p. 4to., Crawford, Aug 13, 1915, to Henry G. Askew (1845-1921), a fellow Confederate brigadier general, regarding a request for information on reunion camps of members of Texas divisions, and mentioning meeting ‘survivors of Ross, Ectors and Grandbury's Brigade…' He adds: '...I am ashamed when I call on you for such data but you are kind enough not to complain...I have forwarded each list...to the proper brigade commander...If you do not get recpts. within a reasonable time please inform me?...' File holes at the top, else fine condition.

Lot: 1229 - FELIX H. ROBERTSON

(1839-1928) Controversial Confederate brigadier general known for his role in the execution of black Union soldiers after the Battle of Saltville, son of fellow Confederate general Jerome B. Robertson. A.L.S. on personal letterhead, 1p. 4to., Waco, to Gen. Henry M. Cist (1839-1902), Union brigadier general, author of the famed first person Civil War memoir 'The Army of the Cumberland', requesting a copy of a letter from 'General Boynton.' The name likely refers to Henry V. Boynton (1835-1905), a Union general who was awarded the Medal of Honor for his actions at the Battle of Missionary Ridge. Slightly toned with scattered stains.

Lot: 1230 - FITZHUGH LEE

FITZHUGH LEE (1835 - 1905) Confederate major general and nephew of Robert E. Lee who directed troops in Stuart's ride around McClellan, and fought at Antietam and Gettysburg. He also cut his way out of Appomattox only to surrender two days later. War-date signature with rank as major general, Richmond. Very light but legible. Estimated accordingly.

Lot: 1231 - FOUR UNION GENERAL'S ENDORSEMENTS

FOUR UNION GENERAL'S ENDORSEMENTS War-date union officer's letter bearing the endorsements of four Union generals. The letter, 1p. 4to., La Grange, Tn., Oct. 27, 1863, was sent to Iowa Gov. Samuel J. Kirkwood by Lt. Col. (and future Brevet Brigadier General) JAMES C. PARROTT, Commander of the 7th Iowa Cols. on official letterhead. Parrott asks that 1st Lt. Thomas L. Montgomery (who would be twice wounded in the war) be appointed captain in the regiment. On the verso, the document bears signed endorsements by brigadier generals who approve and forward the request, including: ELLIOTT W. RICE (1835-1887), THOMAS W. SWEENY (1820-1892), GRENVILLE M. DODGE (1831-1916), and STEPHEN A. HURLBUT (1815-1882). The commission is lastly approved by Iowa Gov. WILLIAM M. STONE, who succeeded Kirkwood as governor. Very good.

Lot: 1232 - FRANCIS M. COCKRELL

(1834 - 1915) Confederate brigadier general captured at Vicksburg and later returned to fight under Hood at Atlanta. Later a U.S. Senator for Missouri. A.L.S. on U.S. Senate letterhead, 1p. 4to. Washington D.C., May 5, 1887, to Perry Belmont (1851-1947), U.S Congressman from New York, responding to a request for documents. In part: '...I wish I had some copies of orders to send you. I have none however and never have had the curiosity to examine records of the Rebellion...I was Captain for a year or more, then Lt. Col for a short time, then colonel...and then Brigadier general...' Fine condition.

Lot: 1233 - FRANCIS M. COCKRELL

(1834 - 1915) Confederate brigadier general captured at Vicksburg and later returned to fight under Hood at Atlanta. Later a U.S. Senator for Missouri. A.L.S. 'F.M. Cockrell', 1p. 4to. Washington D.C., Feb. 15, 1879, to Gen. Marcus J. Wright (1831-1922) Confederate brigadier general who was appointed by the War Department years after the war to collect Confederate military records. In full: '...Your favor duly received. General George C. Bingham is now making his home at Columbia, Boone Co. Mo., where a letter will reach him...' Expertly inlaid to a sheet, fine condition. George C. Bingham (1811-1879) was a Missouri politician, instrumental in keeping the state from joining the Confederacy,and served as adjutant general of Missouri after the war.

Lot: 1234 - FRANKLIN GARDNER

(1823 - 1873) Confederate major general who commanded a brigade at Shiloh and under Polk was captured while defending Port Hudson. A.E.S. with rank of major general cut from a war-date document, 6.5 x 3.5 in., forwarding the document. Also signing an endorsement on the same slip is fellow Confederate general WILLIAM N.R. BEALL (1825-1883). Moderately toned with ink stains. Mounted.

Lot: 1235 - GABRIEL C. WHARTON

GABRIEL C. WHARTON (1824 - 1906) Confederate brigade general who commanded troops in the Shenandoah Valley, principally at New Market and Waynesboro. Partly-printed D.S., 1p. legal folio, [n.p.], Oct. 15, 1881, a bill submitted for the lease of a horse for four days, certified by Wharton as Chief Engineer of the Virginia, Kentucky and Ohio Railroad. Folds, else fine.

Lot: 1236 - GABRIEL J. RAINS

(1803 - 1881) Confederate brigadier general who was a career U.S. Army officer before he resigned. Known for his proficiency with explosives, he and his brother George, also a brigadier general, were known as 'the bomb brothers.' He is credited with the development of the first modern mechanically fused land mines, used with success at the Battle of Yorktown. A.L.S., 1p. 4to., Fort Columbus, Feb. 18, 1847, to E.S. Faysouse[?] transmitting a receipt for clothing and other garrison equipment. Fine condition.

Lot: 1237 - GEORGE B. COSBY

(1830-1909) Confederate brigadier general who served as an aide to Simon B. Buckner, in this capacity delivered to him Ulysses S. Grant's demand for unconditional surrender at Fort Donelson and was captured after the battle. Served with the Army of the Tennessee after his exchange. Committed suicide late in life due to pain from war wounds. A.N.S. as brigadier general on a 3 x 3 in. card, [n.p., n.d], in full: 'Thank you for the honor you have done me.' Fine condition.

Lot: 1238 - GEORGE B. CRITTENDEN

(1812-1880) Confederate major general, son of Kentucky governor and Attorney General John Crittenden, brother of Union brigadier general Thomas T. Crittenden, eventually resigned as a general officer due to charges of drunkenness and demoted to colonel. Black ink signature as lieutenant colonel on a 3.5 x 2 in. slip cut from a likely war date letter. Fine condition.

Lot: 1239 - GEORGE B. HODGE

GEORGE B. HODGE (1828 – 1892) Confederate politician, colonel and acting general from Kentucky. He commanded a cavalry brigade under Joseph Wheeler and Nathan Bedford Forrest at various times and was paroled as a brigadier general at the end of the war. Manuscript D.S., 2pp. legal folio, [n.p., n.d.], a petition to the Governor of Kentucky appealing for clemency for a convicted man, signed by Hodge and others on the verso. A few short fold splits, else very good.

Lot: 1240 - GEORGE B. HODGE

(1828 - 1892) Confederate brigadier general who was known for his command of cavalry under Joseph Wheeler and Nathan Bedford Forrest. His signature applied beneath his secretarial signature of Gen. John C. Breckinridge, removed from a document. Very good

Lot: 1241 - GEORGE G. DIBRELL

(1822-1888) Confederate brigadier general, one of the few to enlist in the war as a private, served under Nathan Bedford Forrest and Joseph Wheeler, charged with protecting the archives of the Confederacy and president Jefferson Davis when the government evacuated Richmond. A.E.S. on the verso of a series of war date reports and endorsements, 4pp. 8vo., Perkins Hill NC., April 1, 1865, regarding a dispute over the procurement of forage for his cavalry. He writes in full: '...Respectfully forwarded calling attention to statement of Capt. Cliff Brig Commissary and Capt. Morgan acting Brig. My brig would not have consumed 100 bu of potatoes...' Co-signed by the two Captains mentioned, M.H. CLIFT, and JOHN M. MORGAN. Moderate ink show through affecting the endorsements, damp stains at top corners and the bottom, toned.

Lot: 1242 - GEORGE G. DIBRELL

(1822 - 1888) Confederate brigadier general, one of the few to enlist in the war as a private, served under Nathan Bedford Forrest and Joseph Wheeler, charged with protecting the archives of the Confederacy and president Jefferson Davis when the government evacuated Richmond. A.L.S. on House of Representatives letterhead, 1p. 8vo., Washington, D.C., Dec. 5, 1883, to Benjamin Perly Poore (1820-1887), American newspaper editor, one of the most prolific of his time, answering a question about the recent result of an election, which Dibrell had won. Inlaid to a sheet. Fine condition.

Lot: 1243 - GEORGE G. DIBRELL

(1822 - 1888) Confederate brigadier general, one of the few to enlist in the war as a private, served under Nathan Bedford Forrest and Joseph Wheeler, charged with protecting the archives of the Confederacy and president Jefferson Davis when the government evacuated Richmond. Black ink signature and rank: ‘G. G. Dibrell Brig. Genl C.S. Army' on a 4 x 2 in. card. Some soiling, lightly toned.

Lot: 1244 - GEORGE MANEY

GEORGE MANEY (1826 - 1901) Confederate brigadier general, participated in the Battle of Shiloh and led his brigade in the battles of Perryville, Chickamauga, and Murfreesboro. He was wounded severely during the Chattanooga Campaign. In 1864, Maney commanded a division in Hardee's corps during the Atlanta Campaign. He was captured in August and later released. Scarce signature cut from a letter.

Lot: 1245 - GEORGE T. ANDERSON

GEORGE T. ANDERSON (1824 – 1901) 'Tige', Confederate brigadier general, one of Lee's hardest-fighting subordinates. He saw battle during the Peninsula Campaign at Yorktown and commanded a brigade during the Seven Days Battles, Second Bull Run, Antietam, and Fredericksburg. Promoted to brigadier general on November 1, 1862, at Gettysburg Campaign he fought around Devil's Den and the Wheatfield where he was wounded. Recovered, he saw heavy action in 1864 at the Wilderness, Spotsylvania, Cold Harbor, and Petersburg. He surrendered with Lee at Appomattox. A.D.S. 1p. oblong 8vo., [Atlanta], Oct. 26, 1856, a signed receipt of for five bales of cotton, signed as railroad agent. Marginal toned spot, else very good. Ex: Brian Green.

Lot: 1246 - GEORGE W. GORDON

GEORGE W. GORDON (1836 – 1911) Confederate brigadier general, led a brigade at Franklin where he was wounded, later a founder of the Ku Klux Klan. Bold signature on a card. Fine.

Lot: 1247 - GEORGE WYTHE RANDOLPH

(1818-1867) Confederate brigadier general but saw no combat as such, a Confederate Secretary of War but served only eight months due to disagreements with Jefferson Davis, grandson of Thomas Jefferson, died shortly after the war from tuberculosis. Rare war date A.L.S. 'Geo W. Randolph', 1p. 4to., Richmond, Feb 21, 1863, to John H. Binder (1800-1865), infamous Provost Marshall known as the 'Dictator of Richmond' who commanded the city while it was under martial law, also known for serving as the commandant of several Confederate prisoner of war camps such as Libby, Belle Isle, and Andersonville. In part: '...Allow me to recommend to you for a passport of Mrs. J. L.. O'Neal who wishes to go norther for the purpose of joining her husband. Mr. O'Neal is a southerner in business at the North but loyal to the South and devoted to our cause. He frequently communicated with me and was in constant danger of arrest having frequently to leave Philadelphia to avoid it. Mrs. O'Neal is of a loyal family and may be trusted without danger...' Substantial chipping to the right margin affecting a few words, and a few scattered ink stains.

Lot: 1248 - GIDEON WELLES

GIDEON WELLES (1802-1878) Lincoln's Secretary of the Navy who proposed the blockade of Southern ports and the construction of an ironclad fleet. Printed war date D.S. as Secretary of the Navy, 1p. 12.5 x 15.5 in., Washington D.C., December 17, 1862, for the promotion of N. Beach Clark to the rank of Second Assistant Engineer. Original seal still intact. Slightly toned, else fine.

Lot: 1249 - GIDEON WELLES

GIDEON WELLES (1802-1878) Lincoln's Secretary of the Navy who proposed the blockade of Southern ports and the construction of an ironclad fleet. Manuscript L.S., 1p. 4to., [Washington], June 10, 1846 concerning mistaken specifications for 'shoes and pumps' supplied to a manufacturer in Massachusetts. Fine.

Lot: 1250 - GIDEON WELLES

GIDEON WELLES (1802-1878) Lincoln's Secretary of the Navy who proposed the blockade of Southern ports and the construction of an ironclad fleet. D.S. as Secretary of the Navy, 1p. 12 x 18 in., Washington D.C., June 6, 1865, an official discharge paper for Assistant Paymaster J.T. Wildman due to the war's conclusion. Embossed with the official seal of the Naval Department. Slightly toned, ink show through, a few tears along creases have been repaired on the verso with tape.

Lot: 1251 - GILMAN MARSTON

GILMAN MARSTON (1811-1890) Union brigadier general who later became a politician from New Hampshire. A.E.S. on the verso of a letter, 1p. 4to., Exeter, January 18, 1866, written by acting ensign H.S.P. Rollins to the Secretary of the Navy Gideon Welles requesting reinstatement after serving time as a prisoner of war. Marston writes an endorsement on the verso stating he hopes Rollins can be reinstated if there is an open position. Slight toning, else fine.

Lot: 1252 - GUSTAVUS A. SMITH

(1820 - 1885) Union brigadier general, as colonel he led the 35 Illinois, wounded at Pea Ridge, later served in guarding critical railroad routes. Excessively rare D.S. 'G. A. Smith' as Tax Collector, 1p. 3.5 x 7 in., a 'Stub for Special Tax Stamp' issued to a 'Peddler 2nd Class', signed by Smith in blank. Fine condition. Smith is certainly one of the most difficult Union generals' signatures to obtain.

Lot: 1253 - GUSTAVUS V. FOX

(1821-1883) U.S. Navy officer who saw action during the Mexican American War and served as the Assistant Secretary of the Navy during the Civil War. A.L.S. 1p. 4to., Boston, Nov. 9, 1877, to Benjamin Perley Poore (1820-1887), prominent American newspaper correspondent, known for his partisan political activism, requesting a copy and subscription to his newspaper. Fine condition.

Lot: 1254 - GUSTAVUS W. SMITH

(1819 - 1895) Major General of the Army of Northern Virginia before Robert E. Lee took over, and interim Secretary of War for the Confederacy. A.L.S., 1p. 8vo., New York, December 9, 1885, responding to a request about a fellow general. In full: '...Genl. Joseph Wheeler is at present a member of Congress. A letter addressed to him 'House of Reps, Washington D.C.' would no doubt reach him...' Mounting residue on the back of the integral leaf, else fine.

Lot: 1255 - HALBERT E. PAINE

HALBERT E. PAINE (1826-1905) Union brigadier general who lost a leg in the siege of Port Hudson and refused to obey Butler's order to burn Baton Rouge. Defended Washington D.C. against Jubal A. Early's raid in 1864. War date A.L.S., 1p. 4to., New York, December 24, 1864, to Major General Henry Halleck (1815-1872) informing him that he received his last communication and will be forwarding another to him from a Col. Tracy. Expertly inlaid, fine condition.

Lot: 1256 - HENRY C. WAYNE

HENRY C. WAYNE (1815 – 1883) Confederate brigadier general and adjutant and inspector-general for Georgia, fighting at Ball's Ferry. Wayne is also known for his commanding the expedition to test the U.S. Camel Corps as part of Secretary of War Jefferson Davis's plan to use camels as a transport in the West. War-date A.L.S. as Adjutant General on official Georgia letterhead, 1p. 4to., Milledgeville, May 12, 1864 to the Commissary General in Atlanta. Wayne advises that Governor Brown has asked that a monthly list of every employee of the Commissary Department be submitted to him, including all details of employment, and that the governor expects that the sender will be able to 'explain them fully when necessary'. Expertly inlaid, very good. Of course, such a request required tremendous effort on the part of the sender. The fiery Brown's demand was probably necessitated by the theft of stores and fears raised as the Union Army descended on Georgia.

Lot: 1257 - HENRY D. CLAYTON

(1827 - 1889) Confederate major general who led the Alabama Brigade at Chickamauga and Dalton, later assumed command of A.P. Hill's division and surrendered with Johnston in the Carolinas. Black ink signature as colonel on a 1.5 x 5 in. slip cut from a war date document. Affixed to a larger card, else fine.

Lot: 1258 - HENRY E. MCCULLOCH

HENRY E. MCCULLOCH (1816 - 1895) Confederate brigadier general in command of Texas' defensive forces and led a brigade in an attempt to relieve Vicksburg. Rare war-date inscription and signature cut from a letter: 'Yours Truly, Henry E. McCulloch Brig. Genl. C.S.A.' Very good.

Lot: 1259 - HENRY H. SIBLEY

(1816-1886) Long time U.S. Army officer and Confederate brigadier general who led a failed campaign into New Mexico to establish a Pacific supply line for the Confederacy. Served in the Egyptian army after the war. Cut black ink signature 'H.H. Sibley' on a 3.5 x 1.5 in. slip with rank of captain. Fine condition.

Lot: 1260 - HENRY R. JACKSON

HENRY R. JACKSON (1820 - 1898) Confederate brigadier general, fought at the Battle of Cheat Mountain. He later led a brigade during the Atlanta Campaign, in John Bell Hood's Franklin-Nashville Campaign. Jackson was captured at the Battle of Nashville and was paroled from Fort Warren, Massachusetts, on July 8, 1865. A.L.S. 1p. 8vo., Brunswick, Ga., Jan. 10, 1894, in part: '...I have no photoghraph of myself taken during the war. None was ever taken. My wife has some at our home in Savannah taken of me in the City of Mexico some ten years ago...' Pencil note at top, else fine.

Lot: 1261 - HENRY R. JACKSON

(1820 - 1898) Confederate brigadier general, fought at the Battle of Cheat Mountain. He later led a brigade during the Atlanta Campaign, in John Bell Hood's Franklin-Nashville Campaign. Jackson was captured at the Battle of Nashville and was paroled from Fort Warren, Massachusetts, on July 8, 1865. Great content A.L.S., 3pp. 4to., Savannah, January 26, 1861, to Governor of Georgia Joseph E. Brown and marked 'private' at the top. In part: '...I drop a line to pray you not hold me responsible for all said in the article on the matter of the Augusta Arsenal which appears in the paper of that city this morning. As Col. Cleveland was one of your aids...we sent after dinner yesterday to prepare the article...As to the various personal points, waiver of rank...etc. etc., I knew nothing of that until the publication thereof...I considered it proper to make myself right before you...excuse me for trespassing on your time with this letter...' Lightly toned with a few scatted ink stains, else fine. One week before this letter was written, the State of Georgia passed its resolution of secession from the Union. The article described here by Jackson refers to events that took place on January 23 when Governor Brown visited the Augusta Armory and demanded that it be surrendered and turned over to the state. The commander of the Armory, future Confederate major general Arnold Elzey initially refused, and 600 citizens of Augusta volunteered for militia duty to defend it. After some time Elzey finally agree to turn the armory over to the state. The article Jackson mentions likely painted Governor Brown as a tyrant for this act, which is ironic since he himself often gave the same criticism to Confederate President Jefferson Davis.

Lot: 1262 - HENRY SHAW BRIGGS

HENRY SHAW BRIGGS (1824 – 1887) Union brigadier general, colonel and first commander of the 10th Massachusetts Volunteers. Seriously wounded during the Battle of Fair Oaks. Partly printed war date D.S., 1p. 30.5 x 22 in., Alexandria, May 1864, a muster roll document listing 'Enlisted men doing duty at Headquarters rendezvous for drafted men.' Signed as commanding officer. Slightly toned, fine condition.

Lot: 1263 - HIRAM B. GRANBURY

(1831 - 1864) Confederate brigadier general who was captured along with his regiment at Fort Donelson, later exchanged and served under Johnston during the Vicksburg campaign. One of the six Confederate generals killed in action at the Battle of Franklin. Very rare, war date cut signature 'H.B. Granbury' on a 3 x 3 in. slip with rank of brigadier general. Toned with a few scattered stains, else fine. Granbury only held the rank of brigadier general for a few months before his death.

Lot: 1264 - HIRAM G. BERRY

(1824 - 1863) Union General who served at 1st Bull Run, Fair Oaks and the Seven Days. Killed while leading a bayonet charge at Chancellorsville. Scare war-date signature on a 5 x 2 in. slip: 'Hiram G. Berry Brig. Gen. Vol. U.S. Army' Fine.

Lot: 1265 - HUGH B. EWING

HUGH B. EWING (1826 - 1905) Union brigadier general who served with distinction under his brother-in-law William T. Sherman, brother of fellow Union generals Thomas Ewing Jr. and Charles Ewing. During the Vicksburg Campaign, Ewing came across a personal correspondence from Jefferson Davis to former President Franklin Pierce which would eventually ruin the reputation of the latter. Partly printed war date D.S. twice, 1p. 30.5 x 22 in., Young's Point LA, February 28, 1863, a muster roll documenting the names and payment made to men under Ewing's command, as well as his military band. Signed twice as the commanding officer. Scattered ink stains else fine.

Lot: 1266 - ICHABOD G. HOBBS

(1843-1918) Rear admiral of the U.S. Navy who served during the Civil War and the Spanish American War. Manuscript D.S., 1p. legal folio, USS Tuscarora, May 1, 1873, titled 'Summary Statement of Receipts and Expenditures of Money, Clothing, and Small Stores for the Month ending April 30, 1873' with various dates and amounts filled in throughout, boldly signed by Hobbs at the conclusion. Fine condition.

Lot: 1267 - INNIS N. PALMER

(1824 - 1900) Union brigadier general who commanded a brigade under Keyes at Malvern Hill and led the 18th Corps towards the end of the war. Very interesting war date A.L.S. 'I.N. Palmer' as brigadier general, 1p. 4to., [n.p.], March 2, 1864, to Col. J.W. Sarge[?] regarding reports of attacks. In part: '...We hear from various sources that we are likely to be attacked from more than one quarter, and we will be particularly careful that no forces get in the rear of the commanding camp from that river[?].... I think this a time for us all to be 'up and dressed'...the last report is that the attack is to commence tomorrow (Thursday)...' Partly inlaid, pinholes to the left margin and light edgewear. While his location at this time is unknown, a month prior to this Palmer successfully defended a garrison at New Berne, North Carolina from forces under the command of George Pickett.

Lot: 1268 - ISAAC R. TRIMBLE

ISAAC R. TRIMBLE (1802 - 1888) Confederate major general who led Pender's forces during Picket's charge at Gettysburg after the former was wounded. He was severely wounded, losing a leg after his capture. A.L.S. with initialed postscript, 1p. 8vo., Baltimore, Mar. 16, 1887 to 'B. W. Austen'. In part: '...I send you extracts from Balt'e paper relating to myself. I believe I was the first to make a plea[?] for harmony in of our Confederate addresses...' In his postscript he thanks his friend for admitting him as an honorary member to a historical society. Fine.

Lot: 1269 - ISAAC ST. JOHN

(1827-1880) Confederate commissary general who served as an engineer in the fortification of the Peninsula, later served as Chief of the Mining and Nitre Bureau. War date A.D.S., 1p. 4to., Richmond, Oct. 15, 1864, ordering Capt. Stovall to report Dr. U.A. Pratt as executive officer of the Augusta Nitre district. Fine condition.

Lot: 1270 - ISAAC ST. JOHN

(1827-1880) Confederate commissary general who served as an engineer in the fortification of the Peninsula, later served as Chief of the Mining and Nitre Bureau. War-date A.L.S. on C.S.A. War Department Nitre and Mining Bureau letterhead, 1p. 4to., Richmond, Jan. 11, 1863 to Maj. Wm. R. Hunt. In part: '…You will proceed to Selma Ala., and there take charge of the Iron service in the District comprising the States of Tennessee, Georgia, Alabama and South Carolina…' Heavily toned at one fold and at bottom blank area, generally good to very good.

Lot: 1271 - ISHAM G. HARRIS

ISHAM G. HARRIS (1818 - 1897) Governor of Tennessee during the first part of the Civil War, viewed as the person most responsible for leading Tennessee out of the Union to the Confederacy, during the war served as an aide to Confederate generals Joseph Johnston, Braxton Bragg, John B. Hood, and P.G.T. Beauregard. Fine content war-date A.L.S. likely as an aide to Gen. JOSEPH JOHNSTON who had assumed command of the Army from Bragg, 2pp. 4to., 'Hd. Qrs. Army of Tennessee', Dalton, Mar. 7, 1864. Harris mentions that A.A.G Leon Trousdale, former editor of the Memphis Appeal and serving under Brig. Genl. Marcus Wright, had submitted his resignation which had been refused by Johnston. He further states that the man had lost all of his 'property and pecuniary resources' and that his pay as an officer was insufficient to support his refugee family. Harris asks that BRagg use his influence as Jefferson Davis' chief of staff to see that Trousdale's resignation is accepted, as the latter had been offered a position as a newspaper editor and his services as such would benefit the Confederacy more than as an officer. Light show-through,mounting strip on left margin, else very good.

Lot: 1272 - ISRAEL VOGDES

ISRAEL VOGDES (1816 - 1889) Union brigadier general who commanded troops at the Battle of Santa Rosa Island but was afterwards taken prisoner. Once he was exchanged, he served in the Second Battle of Charleston Harbor. A.E.S. on the verso of a war date order, 2pp. legal folio, South Carolina, October 2nd, 1863, ordering a board of inquiry to convene regarding an amount of ordinance stores that went missing. Vogdes signs an endorsement on the verso stating that the results of the board were inconclusive. Minor toning and ink stains, else fine.

Lot: 1273 - JAMES A. HARDIE

(1823 - 1876) Union brigadier general on the staffs of McClellan and Burnside, Judge Advocate General of the Potomac. War-date A.L.S. 'Jas. A. Hardie' adding rank, 1p. 4to., Washington, Aug. 1, [1863], to General John Sedgwick, in full: 'What officers of the Corps staff did Gen'l. Franklin take with [him] when relieved by you?'. Very good. JOHN SEDGWICK (1813-1864) commanded VI Corps and fought at the Second Battle of Fredericksburg and at Salem Church. His corps was the last to arrive at the Battle of Gettysburg. He was killed by a sharpshooter at the Battle of Spotsylvania Court House just as he declared: 'They couldn't hit an elephant at this distance.'

Lot: 1274 - JAMES A. WALKER

JAMES A. WALKER (1832 - 1901) Confederate brigadier general, At the Battle of Fredericksburg he acted as brigade commander for Jubal Early. Stonewall Jackson, on his deathbed, requested that Walker be given command of the Stonewall Brigade and Walker led it during the Gettysburg Campaign, where the brigade participated in the attacks on Culp's Hill. He was badly wounded at the Battle of Spotsylvania Court House in 1864 and sent home to recuperate. After the death of Pegram during the Petersburg Campaign, Walker was assigned command of the division. He led it until the surrender at Appomattox. Rare war-date D.S. as a brigade commander, 1p. 12mo., [n.p., Nov. 5, 1862], an improvised 'Provision return for the Pioneers Corps of Genl. Ewell Division', issuing beef for 42 men for five days, signed by corps commander 'Lieut. E. Flood' and by Walker in black ink at lower-left as commander of the brigade. Text a bit light, else very good.

Lot: 1275 - JAMES C. RICE

JAMES C. RICE (1829 - 1864) Union brigadier general who fought at Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, and Gettysburg where he is credited with securing Little Round Top against a flanking movement. Killed at Spotsylvania. Good content war-date D.S. as brigadier general, 6pp. legal folio, Culpepper, Va., Feb. 13, 1864, findings of several courts martials including theft of a loaf of bread, absence without leave, and the case of a man becoming 'beastly intoxicated' and being obliged to be put under guard (fine: $5.00). Rice signs the last page approving the findings and ordering that the sentences be 'duly carried into effect'. Very good.

Lot: 1276 - JAMES CONNER

(1829-1883) Confederate brigadier general who served at Fort Sumter, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, and the Siege of Petersburg. A.L.S., 1p. 8vo., 'Broad Street', July 1, 1858, to Judge James Simons[?] scheduling a meeting for the two the next day. Conner's name is penned in another hand near left margin, docketing his letter. Fine condition.

Lot: 1277 - JAMES COOPER

JAMES COOPER (1810-1863) Union brigadier general of Maryland volunteers and commander of Camp Chase, where he died during the war. A.E.S. on the verso of a war-date document, 1p. 4to., [n.p., n.d.], a special requisition form for 351 percussion rifle muskets and 35,000 ball cartridges. Cooper forwards the document. Tears along creases repaired on the verso with tape, else fine.

Lot: 1278 - JAMES E. HARRISON

JAMES E. HARRISON (1815 - 1875) Confederate brigadier general who fought almost exclusively west of the Mississippi serving with Richard Taylor, brother of fellow Confederate general Thomas Harrison. Scarce black ink signature 'J.E. Harrison' on a sheet marked 'Private' with rank of brigadier general. Toned with edge wear to the left margin, sheet appears to have been torn from a book

Lot: 1279 - JAMES H. CLANTON

(1827-1871) Confederate brigadier general who served at Shiloh, Booneville, and in the Atlanta Campaign. Killed in a private feud in Tennessee. Close cut black ink signature on a 3.5 x 1 in. slip cut from another document. Small adhesive stain at lower left, else fine.

Lot: 1280 - JAMES H. LEDLIE

JAMES H. LEDLIE (1832 – 1882) Union brigadier general best known for his dereliction of duty at the Battle of the Crater during the Siege of Petersburg. Ledlie did not brief his troops beforehand and they entered the crater out of curiosity instead of moving safely around its rim, resulting in a slaughter. Meantime, Ledlie sat behind the lines in a drunken stupor. War-date A.L.S. as brigadier general, 1p. 8vo., 'Palatine Bridge', Dec. 31, 1864, to the chairman of a 'Relief Committee'. Ledlie sends signatures requested, most likely intended to have been sold for charity, hoping that he has not sent them 'too late for the purpose required'. Expertly inlaid, fine condition.

Lot: 1281 - JAMES J. ARCHER

(1817-1864) Confederate brigadier general who served with distinction at Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville but was captured at Gettysburg becoming the first general officer P.O.W. from Lee's Army of Northern Virginia. Was eventually exchanged and resumed command but died due to poor health following the Battle of Peebles Farm. Manuscript D.S. as Captain in the U.S. Army, 1p. 10 x 16 in., Washington Territory, November 30, 1859, titled 'Roll of noncommissioned officers and privates employed on active duty as mechanics and laborers in the field' AND bearing a list of names, ranks, duties, and terms of service for the men involved. Co-signed by CHARLES HARKER (1837-1864) Union brigadier general who saw action at Shiloh and Chickamauga but was killed in action at the Battle of Kennesaw Mountain during the Atlanta Campaign, then a Second Lieutenant in the U.S Army. Very fine condition. A rare document signed by a Union general and Confederate general who both died during the war!

Lot: 1282 - JAMES M. GOGGIN

(1820 - 1889) Confederate officer briefly appointed brigadier general, served with distinction at Cedar Creek and in the role of assistant adjutant general. Very scarce hand addressed envelope, 5.25 x 3 in., addressed to his wife, dated 1863. Toned, else fine.

Lot: 1283 - JAMES M. WARNER

JAMES M. WARNER (1836-1897) Union brigadier general who served with distinction in Grant's Overland Campaign, specifically at Spotsylvania Court House, Winchester, and Cedar Creek. War date partly printed D.S., 1p. 14 x 9 in., Fort Slocum, December 28, 1862, appointing Sylvester Sober a Sergeant Major of the 1st Vermont Artillery, signed as the commanding officer. Moderately toned with scattered stains.

Lot: 1284 - JAMES P. ANDERSON

(1822-1872) Confederate major general who saw action at Shiloh, Chickamauga, Chattanooga, and during the Carolinas Campaign. Close friend of Confederate president Jefferson Davis. A.E.S. 'Patton Anderson' on the back of a war date manuscript document signed, 2pp. 4to., Corinth, May 28, 1862, a request written by a brigade surgeon for a 30-day furlough for Lt. James Lingan due to a continued fever. Anderson signs his endorsement on the verso forwarding the document. Toned with scattered stains.

Lot: 1285 - JAMES PATTON ANDERSON

1822-1872) Confederate major general who saw action at Shiloh, Chickamauga, Chattanooga, and during the Carolinas Campaign. Close friend of Confederate president Jefferson Davis. A.E.S. cut from a war-date document, 3 x 1.5 in., in full: 'Appr'd and respectfully forw'd Patton Anderson Brig. Genl.' Toned and slightly faded, mounted to a larger card.

Lot: 1286 - JAMES R. CHALMERS

(1831-1898) Confederate brigadier general known for his proficiency in commanding cavalry, served under Braxton Bragg, John B. Hood, and Nathan Bedford Forrest, later a U. S. Congressman. Black ink signature on a blank sheet. Very good.

Lot: 1287 - JAMES S. WADSWORTH AND GABRIEL R. PAUL

JAMES S. WADSWORTH AND GABRIEL R. PAUL (1807 - 1864) Union brigadier general who commanded a division at Chancellorsville and Gettysburg, mortally wounded at the Wilderness. Scarce war-date A.E.S. penned at the bottom of a letter sent to him, 1p. 4to., 'Head Quarters 21st Regt. N.Y.S. Vols. Camp nears Balls Landing, Dec. 24, 1862', an A.L.S. by Col. and Brevet Brigadier Gen. WILLIAM FINDLAY ROGERS (1820-1899). Rogers recommends Ens. John E. Ransom a replacement for Capt. Robert P. Gardner, discharged due to wounds received at Antietam. At bottom, Wadsworth boldly pens his three-line approval and signs, adding rank as brigadier general. On the verso appears an A.E.S. of Brig. General GABRIEL R. PAUL (1813–1886), Headquarters, 3rd Brigade, Dec. 24, correcting Wadsworth in noting: '...there is no Ensign recognized by U.S. Laws...' Paul's signature is blurred a bit. Paul was left totally blind as a result of a wound received at Gettysburg. Rogers' letter is a bit light,else very good.

Lot: 1288 - JAMES SIMONS

JAMES SIMONS (1813 - 1879) Confederate brigadier general and the first general officer of the Confederacy appointed by Jefferson Davis. He was the commanding officer of the Confederate defenses at Morris Island during the first attack at Fort Sumter on April 12, 1861 and directed cannon fire from the island during that engagement. It was Simons who sent Col. Louis T. Wigfall to Fort Sumter to ask if Major Robert Anderson would surrender the fort to General Beauregard. D.S., 1p. legal folio, Charleston, 1851, a lease for a house in Charleston signed by Simons as agent for the owner. Light toning on left margin, one fold.

Lot: 1289 - JAMES ST. CLAIR MORTON

JAMES ST. CLAIR MORTON (1829 - 1864) Union brigadier general and Chief Engineer of the Army of the Ohio, commander of the Pioneer Brigade, Army of the Cumberland which held the Union line at the battle of Stones River. Killed in action at the Second Battle of Petersburg when he was shot in the chest. Excessively rare war-date A.L.S. on 'Head-Quarters, Pioneer Brigade' letterhead, 3pp. 8vo., 'Camp near Murfreesboro, Feb. 23, 1863 to his brother. In part: I am grateful for your aid in regard to my appointment [as brigadier general]. It is, however, every day more doubtful that it will be confirmed...mine will be crowded out. I can't leave my brigade, which demands my incessant supervision. Let me ask you to to make use of [a] copy of a letter from Gov. Andrew Johnson , who has known my conduct so well...I may claim with justice to have saved Nashville, next to Gov. Johnson himself. Nothing but my fortifications saved it [during the Kentucky Campaign, Aug-Oct, 1862]....I found that rendering service to the country is on [thing], and the offices secured by another, as a general thing. Sometimes I feel as if the country deserved to go to the dogs, such is the outrageous number of wretched, mean, worthless officers in its service. If I ever get command of an army, I will ask that one half of its officers be put into the ranks & their places field from the privates and sergeants. If you can get a friend of the president to show him this letter of Gov. Johnson's...I think it will help me...' Some brushing of ink on second page, else very good. Interestingly, at the time of this writing, Morton had already been promoted to brigadier general by Lincoln, but had not received his commission. Ex: Brian Green, with extensive research. Green commented that he had never seen this letterhead before.

Lot: 1290 - JAMES T. HOLTZCLAW

JAMES T. HOLTZCLAW (1833 - 1893) Confederate brigadier general gravely wounded at Shiloh, served with distinction at Chickamauga and at Atlanta, and with Hood in his invasion of Tennessee. A.D.S., 1p. 2.5 x 8 in., Alabama,Dec. 5, 1889, advises that 'A. P Matterwall[?]' had died 12 years earlier and that his widow and daughters still resided in his city. Fine.

Lot: 1291 - JAMES W. RIPLEY

JAMES W. RIPLEY (1794-1870) Union brigadier general and Chief of Ordnance. Some modern historians argue his reluctance as Chief of Ordnance to largely adopt breech loading and repeating rifles as standard issue in the early days of the war lengthened the conflict considerably. Uncle of Confederate general Roswell S. Ripley. Partly printed war date D.S. on office letterhead, 1p. 4to., Washington D.C., September 10, 1863, informing a sergeant that his account of arms for his regiment has been adjusted. Boldly signed at the conclusion.

Lot: 1292 - JEDEDIAH HOTCHKISS

(1828-1899) Cartographer to Confederate Gen. Thomas J. 'Stonewall' Jackson and given much of the credit for Jackson's amazing success in his Valley Campaign of 1862. Following Jackson's death after Chancellorsville, Hotchkiss was assigned to Generals Early and Ewell, but was also called upon by Robert E. Lee from time to time during the last two years of the war. A.L.S., 2pp. 8vo., Staunton, May 15, 1878, a friendly letter. In part: '...We were all greatly satisfied to hear of your safe arrival at your Philadelphia home...Thanks for your appreciation of the trip and my share in it...Your visit has been the constant theme of home talk ever since you left...' Fine condition.

Lot: 1293 - JEFFERSON DAVIS

JEFFERSON DAVIS (1808 - 1889) President of the Confederacy who led his armies beyond the surrender at Appomattox. Perfect, full signature on a white card, dated 'May 1873' in another hand at bottom. Ideal for framing.

Lot: 1294 - JEREMIAH CLEMENS

(1814-1865) Author, U.S. Congressman, and reluctant Confederate. Commissioned as a major general in the Army of Alabama but resigned shortly after due to his opposition to the war. He would not fight for the Union but believed the South's defeat to be inevitable. Died of natural causes just after the war. Partly-printed D.S., 1p. 12mo., Montgomery, Nov 2, 1861, a payment warrant of $396 for wartime service to an unknown individual. Fine condition.

Lot: 1295 - JEREMY F. GILMOUR

(1818 - 1883) Confederate major general and civil engineer most noted for his service as the Chief Engineer of the Confederate Army. He was crucial in fortifying the defenses of Charleston, Atlanta and Mobile. Cut war-date signature from the conclusion of a letter, 5 x 2.5 in., in full: 'and oblige, His Obt. Sevt. J.F. Gilmer, Maj. Genl. Chf. Eng.' Adhesive residue still present , else fine.

Lot: 1296 - JESSE J. FINLEY

(1812 - 1904) Confederate brigadier general and later a Reconstruction-era politician. Black ink signature with rank of brigadier general on a 3.5 x 2 in. card. Slightly toned with a few small stains, else fine.

Lot: 1297 - JESSE LEE RENO

JESSE LEE RENO (1823 - 1862) Union major general who commanded a brigade under Burnside in the North Carolina expedition, later heading a corps at Second Bull Run and South Mountain where he was killed. Especially rare signature: 'J. L. Reno' cut from a war-date letter or document, mounted to the bottom of a carte de visite showing Reno in uniform as Union major general. Back stamp by 'A. Lonrel[?]', Boston. Fine.

Lot: 1298 - JOHN A. MCCLERNAND

JOHN A. MCCLERNAND (1812-1900) Union major general who led a division at Shiloh, and later led a corps at Vicksburg and Red River. Close friend of Abraham Lincoln. A.E.S. on the verso of a war date document, 1p. 4to., Corinth, December 25, 1862, a request written by Lt. Joseph M. Wier of Col. Stewart Bate's battalion for promotions of men serving under him. McClernand writes an endorsement on the verso adding rank of major general stating that Col. Bate was killed in action on January 23, 1863. Expertly inlaid. Slightly toned with scattered stains. Accompanied by an engraving of McClernand.

Lot: 1299 - JOHN B. FLOYD

(1806 - 1863) Confederate Secretary of War and brigadier general who transferred arms to the South prior to the war, later fled Ft. Donelson prior to the battle there. Rare, war date A.L.S. two days after he was relieved from command by Jefferson Davis, 1p. 4to., [n.p.], March 13, 1862, responding to a request, likely for an appointment. In part: '...I take great pleasure in complying with your request for your brother. I send you today a letter for him to President Davis which will affect everything in my power to do for him. I hope sincerely he may be successful...' Lightly toned with scattered foxing, else fine. Floyd would spend the rest of his life as a militia general before he died in 1863 after his health failed. Ulysses S. Grant famously wrote about Floyd in his memoirs when discussing Fort Donelson, saying 'General Floyd, the commanding officer, who was a man of talent enough for any civil position, was no soldier, and possibly, did not possess the elements of one.'

Lot: 1300 - JOHN B. MCINTOSH

JOHN B. MCINTOSH (1829-1888) Union brigadier general who fought with distinction at Antietam and Chancellorsville, opposed J.E.B. Stuart at East Cavalry Field on the third day of the Battle of Gettysburg. Brother of Confederate general James M. Mcintosh who was killed in action at the Battle of Pea Ridge. Black ink signature with rank of brigadier general on a 4 x 2.5 in.

Lot: 1301 - JOHN B. MONTGOMERY

JOHN B. MONTGOMERY (1794-1872) Career Navy officer whose pre-war service including putting down the Bear Flag revolt in California and blockading Mazatlan, commanded the Pacific Squadron at the outset of the Civil War. Signed endorsement at the conclusion of a war date order, 1p. 4to., New York, October 28, 1863, signed by Union Admiral WILLIAM RADFORD ordering a sailor to report to Boston for service on the newly built USS Pequot. Fine condition.

Lot: 1302 - JOHN BELL HOOD

(1831 - 1879) Confederate Lieutenant General who led the 'Texas Brigade' at Second Bull Run and Antietam, and served under Longstreet in Fredericksburg, Gettysburg, and Chickamauga, where he lost a limb. Clipped signature with a few lines in his hand on a 4.25 x 1 in. slip, in full 'Priv. Walker off sick report, Privs Foly and Wright on sick report, John B. Hood Brt 2nd Lt. [?]' A few stains, one affecting the signature.

Lot: 1303 - JOHN BRATTON

(1831-1898) Confederate brigadier general who saw action in both theaters of the war, one of the few men in the war to enlist as a private and rise to brigadier general, U.S. Congressman after the war. A.L.S., 1p. 8vo., Farmington, Nov. 30, 1883, to a ‘Mrs. Thom' regarding an unknown matter possibly related to a courtship. In part: '...I thought that all was satisfactory until I met Capt. Hinson at the fair who informed me of the disappointment after we thought it all arranged. He seemed to be reminded of it on seeing me, for almost his just remark was 'Isn't it too bad that Mrs. Thom's daughter was ruled out after we thought all fired'…you have at least the sympathy of old Rebs in your disappointment...' Folds, a few very short fold splits, else very good.

Lot: 1304 - JOHN C. PEMBERTON

(1814-1881) Confederate lieutenant general who commanded the Department of Mississippi and surrendered Vicksburg to Grant. Later he commanded the artillery defense of Richmond. Close cut, black ink signature on a 3.5 x .5 in. slip cut from a document. Affixed to a larger sheet. Fine condition.

Lot: 1305 - JOHN COCHRANE

JOHN COCHRANE (1813-1898) Union brigadier general who fought at Fredericksburg and Antietam, later Fremont's running mate for the presidency. War date A.L.S., 3pp 4to., 'Camp Cochrane', December 20, 1861, to an adjutant general reporting his findings in an investigation into the supposed desecration of a cemetery. In part: '...I have the honor...to respectfully report to the general commanding...that I have personally and thoroughly investigated the charge made against this regiment and concluded...[the act] does not partake of the character which G. Dalcher attached to it. The desecration of sacred land...' The letter also bears an signed endorsement on the verso by Union brigadier general LAWRENCE P. GRAHAM. Slight toning with some ink stains, else fine.

Lot: 1306 - JOHN D. IMBODEN

JOHN D. IMBODEN (1823 - 1895) Confederate brigadier general who served under Stonewall Jackson at Cross Keys and Port Republic, later severely wounded at Seven Days. A.L.S., 1p. 8vo., Bristol, Dec. 11, 1886 to a man in New Haven. In part: '...I have not a 'war paper' left of 'Stonewall' Jackson's writing. Nearly all my correspondence perished in the flames in 1865, much to my grief...' Fine.

Lot: 1307 - JOHN D. IMBODEN

(1823 - 1895) Confederate brigadier general who served under Stonewall Jackson at Cross Keys and Port Republic, later severely wounded at Seven Days. War date franked envelope 5.5 x 3.5 in. with his signature 'J.S. Imboden Brig. Genl.', addressed to 'Maj. Gilmore', possibly famed Confederate cavalry officer Harry Gilmor (1838 - 1883). Moderately toned with ink stains.

Lot: 1308 - JOHN E. SMITH

JOHN E. SMITH (1816-1897) Union brigadier general who fought at Vicksburg and served under Sherman at Atlanta and in the March to the Sea. Signed endorsement on the verso of a war date A.L.S, 3pp. 4to., Decatur, June 2, 1864, a request for furlough made by Sgt. Clarington Paynes, followed by another A.L.Sby the commander of his regiment attesting that the furlough is deserved. Smith signs as brigadier general after a statement dated July 2, 1864, that the furlough will not be granted as he believed every available man should be with his regiment for the time being. Slight toning with scattered stains

Lot: 1309 - JOHN ECHOLS

(1823-1896) Confederate brigadier general who served with Jackson and Loring, later succeeding Loring as commander of the Army of Southwest Virginia. A.L.S.signed twice, 3pp. 4to., Union, Va., March 8, 1855, to an unknown general informing him of a balance due to him by a customer and assuring that he will be paid for it. The last page features a tally of transactions and amounts. Expertly inlaid to a larger sheet.

Lot: 1310 - JOHN ECHOLS

(1823-1896) Confederate brigadier general who served with Jackson and Loring, later succeeding Loring as commander of the Army of Southwest Virginia. Black ink signature as brigadier general on a 2.5 x 1 in. slip. Affixed to a larger sheet.

Lot: 1311 - JOHN ECHOLS

JOHN ECHOLS (1823-1896) Confederate brigadier general who served with Jackson and Loring, later succeeding Loring as commander of the Army of Southwest Virginia. Partly-printed D.S., 1p. 4to., Jan. 20, 1883, his assignment of 125 shares of capital stock in the Short Route Railway Transfer Company, the form on the verso of the stock certificate having been filled-out and signed by Echols. Punch cancel not affecting signature nor text.

Lot: 1312 - JOHN ERICSSON

JOHN ERICSSON (1803-1889) American engineer and designer of the Union's Monitor and the first screw-powered vessel. A.L.S. 'J. Ericsson' 3pp. 4to., [n.p.], Dec. 8, 1847 [?], to a gentleman, in part: '...I have read Mr. Cangl's [?] letter with mingled feelings of anger and merriment. Our friend always continues to please himself...wrong in trying to be very smart. I have for two years courted suggestions of improvements and in reply to the sweeping assumption that our engines are very imperfect, asked for a list of the...defects with a promise that I would most cheerfully make amendments...As for the stuff he told me when we last met that he had been so unfortunate to have got hold of a bad...English...and that ...shaft [?] had split. I told him such an accident had never happened here...'. With more technical content. A small tear at top vertical fold, light wear, otherwise very good.

Lot: 1313 - JOHN F. REYNOLDS

JOHN F. REYNOLDS (1820 - 1863) Union major general who fought at Mechanicsville and Gaines Mill, killed by a sharpshooter while leading his men on the first day at Gettysburg. Rare full signature on a blue slip, expertly inlaid. Fine.

Lot: 1314 - JOHN G. PARKE

JOHN G. PARKE (1827-1900) Union major general who fought at Antietam, Fredericksburg, and Vicksburg, often serving as Chief of Staff to Ambrose Burnside. He was the IX Corps chief of staff in 1864 and commanded the Army of the Potomac during Meade's absence. War date A.L.S., 3pp. 8vo., 'Hatteras Inlet', January 31, 1862, to New York Judge Charles P. Daly (1816-1899) regarding an appointment for a relative of Daly's. In part: '...I regret to learn that you have not been successful with the War Department in reference to Mr. Lydig's appointment in the regular service. I think the best plan now to be pursued is to secure from the General of the state a commission...and request Gen. S. Williams...to have Mr. Lydig detailed upon my staff as an aide de camp...please state that it is by my request...' Slightly toned, else fine condition

Lot: 1315 - JOHN GREGG

(1828-1864) Confederate congressman and brigadier general who commanded in the Army of the Tennessee, and later Hood's Texas brigade in the Army of Northern Virginia. Killed in action during the Siege of Petersburg. Rare, clipped endorsement on a 3 x 1 in. slip forwarding a document, with rank of brigadier general. Large stain at the center of the slip covering the writing, yet still discernible.

Lot: 1316 - JOHN L. WORDEN

JOHN L. WORDEN (1818-1897) Union naval commander of the Monitor during her historic clash with the CSS Merrimac at Hampton Roads. Black ink signature with rank of rear admiral on a 2.5 x 3.75 in. card dated October 14, 1893. Accompanied by a carte de viste of Worden backstamped by Joseph Ward in Boston. Slight toning, else fine.

Lot: 1317 - JOHN L. WORDEN

JOHN L. WORDEN (1818-1897) Union naval commander of the Monitor during her historic clash with the CSS Merrimac at Hampton Roads. Signed endorsement at the conclusion of a naval document, 1p. legal folio, [n.p], September 24, 1870, ordering Theodore Cooper to proceed to Annapolis and to report to Worden for duty. Worden signs an endorsement at the end stating Cooper reported for duty. On the verso is another endorsement signed by SAMUEL P. CARTER (1819-1891) U.S. rear admiral and Union general, the only United states officer to be commissioned as a general officer and naval flag officer. Slightly toned with scattered stains.

Lot: 1318 - JOHN M. BROOKE

(1826-1906) American sailor and engineer who was instrumental in the creation of the transatlantic cables, telegraph lines that ran on the seafloor from Europe to North America. Resigned from the U.S. Navy to join the Confederate Navy where he played a role in converting the USS Merrimac into the ironclad CSS Virginia, as well as developing a new rifled naval gun known as the Brooke Rifle. Good content A.L.S., 3pp. 4to., Lexington, May 5, 1869 to Union brigadier general and engineer Henry L. Abbot (1831-1927) who was at the time conducting experiments for the U.S. Army, regarding his thoughts on a new explosive agent. In part: '...In glancing over the 'Annual Scientific Discovery for 1868' I notice a description for the Palliser projectile prepared for the nine in. rifle from which description it may be inferred that the Rachet Sabot has been adopted...by the English...have you any information on recent experiments with it? I wish to call to your attention an idea which occurred to me during the war which may not be new for you...the employment of gun cotton in rifle shells, particularly against armor. You are aware of the great power developed by gun cotton of pressure when fired...such application could be made with great effect. I was prevented from making the experiments by failure to procure gun cotton during the war. What do you think of it?...' Minor ink show-through, else fine condition. Nitrocellulose, or 'gun cotton', is a highly flammable agent made by exposing the compound cellulose to various acids. The result is a potent explosive that was stronger than contemporary gunpowder as a propellant for projectiles. Both sides during the Civil War were likely aware of the advantage gun cotton had over regular powder, yet its instability was not fully understood at the time. Because of this it was never widely adopted by the North or South, but it would be developed further into the twentieth century.

Lot: 1319 - JOHN M. JONES

(1820 - 1864) Confederate brigadier general, nicknamed 'Rum Jones' while at West Point for his fondness of alcohol, severely wounded at Gettysburg and killed in action at the Battle of the Wilderness. Very rare clipped A.E.S. on a 3.25 x 2.5 in. slip approving and forwarding a document. Writing is very faded yet still discernible. Mounted.

Lot: 1320 - JOHN M. SCHOFIELD

JOHN M. SCHOFIELD (1831 - 1906) Union major general who led a corps at Kennesaw Mountain, Atlanta, and defeated Hood at Franklin. Later served as a Secretary of War then Commanding General of the U.S. Army. Partly printed D.S., 1p. 19 x 24 in., Washington D.C., February 7, 1900, an official appointment of Bvt. Brig. Genl. Horace Werde to the veteran's association 'Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States.' Creased and folded, else fine.

Lot: 1321 - JOHN P. HATCH

(1822 - 1901) Union brigadier general who was at Winchester, 2nd Bull Run and Chantilly. Later he became a department commander in the South. War-date L.S. as brigadier general of cavalry, 1p. 8vo., Harrisonburg, Va., May 2, 1862 to N.Y. Gov. Edwin D. Morgan transmitting a list of appointments and promotions within the 5th N.Y. Cavalry. He adds: '...The Regiment is now in the face of the enemy, anxious to try their mettle...All the officers and enlisted men...[are] entitled to the promotion asked for...' Very good.

Lot: 1322 - JOHN POPE

JOHN POPE (1822 - 1892) Union major general who headed the Army of Virginia, trounced by Lee and Jackson and relieved in favor of McClellan. TO 'MY DEAR GRANT' Fine association A.L.S. as major general, 2pp. 4to. on 'Head Quarters, Military Division of the Missouri' letterhead, St. Louis, June 19, 1865 to 'My dear [Gen. Ulysses S.] Grant'. In part: 'I have sent to you by this mail a list of General & General & General Staff Officers at the Head Qrs. & in command of Departments who desire to remain in service...I desire however...to ask your special influence in the case of two officers who have been with me since the beginning of the war & who are my warmest personal friends...they have been true & faithful...They are both well qualified for the positions they occupy & I hope you will use your influence to have them retained....I will always feel under the deepest obligation to you for any assistance...They are Brig. Genl. T.C.H. Smith from Ohio Col. C. A. Morgan from Ohio...' Expertly inlaid, small and clean one inch tear into the text from left margin, else very good to fin. At this time, Grant, as Commander of the Army, was in a position to Grant Pope's ardent wish. Smith served as brigadier general until January 15, 1866, when he was honorably discharged. He later served under his friend, Rutherford B.Hayes, and was appointed Paymaster in the regular army with the rank of Major on April 17, 1878. In July 1879 he was appointed Paymaster in Santa Fe, New Mexico where he served until 1882. Smith retired from the army in 1883, at the age of sixty-four. Col. Christopher A. Morgan was one of Pope's aides. He would die from carbon monoxide poisoning six months after this letter was written. On a tour of the West,Pope ordered that Fort Wardeall, Colorado be renamed in his honor. The goal of the post was to protect travelers along the Overland Trail (South Platte Trail) as well as neighboring ranchers, and today the area is the home to 12,000 people.

Lot: 1323 - JOHN RODGERS

JOHN RODGERS (1812-1882) Admiral in the United States Navy, served the Union in the Civil War, son of the famous Commodore John Rodgers (1772-1838). Manuscript L.S. on Boston Naval Yard letterhead, 1p. 4to., Boston, November 1, 1867, to Commodore Joseph Lanman (1811-1874) forwarding a letter from the captain of the 'Ohio' requesting the return of a deserter from the 'Peoria.' Minor ink show through, else fine.

Lot: 1324 - JOHN RODGERS

JOHN RODGERS (1812-1882) Admiral in the United States Navy, served the Union in the Civil War, son of the famous Commodore John Rodgers (1772-1838). Manuscript L.S. on Boston Naval Yard letterhead, 1p. 4to., Boston, April 12, 1869, to Commodore Joseph Lanman (1811-1874) informing him that men required to serve on the USS Galena will leave Boston for Portsmouth the next day. Minor ink show through, else fine.

Lot: 1325 - JOHN ROGERS COOKE

(1833-1891) Confederate brigadier general who saw action at First Bull Run and Spotsylvania, wounded at the Battle of Antietam. A.L.S., 1p. 8vo., Virginia, Sept. 20, 1873, to Mrs. Waring Mikell[?] responding to a request for information. In part: '...It would give me great pleasure to aid you in your object, but am really unable to give you any positive information. I am a native of Missouri and not of N.C. as you suppose though identified with troops of that state during the war...' Quite light, yet legible, else very good.

Lot: 1326 - JOHN S. BOWEN'S WIDOW SEEKS A PASS FROM GEN. JAMES B. MCPHERSON

JOHN S. BOWEN'S WIDOW SEEKS A PASS FROM GEN. JAMES B. MCPHERSON MARY KENNERLY BOWEN (1835-1904) Wife of C.S.A. Major Gen. JOHN S. BOWEN (1830-1863), a brilliant military commander who battled Grant and his armies in the final defense of Vicksburg. He would die of disease just as the battle concluded. When Bowen first left St. Louis to enter the war, Mary was by his side, leaving their two young young children at the family home to be cared for by Mary's mother. Bowen writes this letter on black bordered mourning stationery from 'Headquarters Logan Division' on October 16 [1863] to Major. Gen. JAMES B. MCPHERSON (1828-1864), whose corps was occupying the conquered cit of Vicksburg. She writes: 'Genl McPherson I have arrived at the out posts on my return to St. Louis [where her children remained] and write for the purpose of asking permission to pass your lines granted to a Cousin & young wounded friend whom I am very desirous of having accompany me home. By adding this favor to the many I have received from you, you will deepen the debt of gratitude I already owe you, and much oblige Your most obdt Svt Mrs. J. S. Bowen' With transmittal envelope. Fine. McPherson and Bowen had met each other on the battlefield the previous May, at the pivotal battle of Champion Hill. McPherson would be killed before Atlanta on July 22, 1864 as he tried to escape capture by Confederate skirmishers.

Lot: 1327 - JOHN S. PRESTON

(1809-1881) Confederate brigadier general, aide to Beauregard, son in law of Wade Hampton I, an ardent secessionist. A.L.S. 2pp. 8vo., Prussia, July 1, 1859, to a lawyer explaining he has given him power of attorney to deal with several estate matters. Very good.

Lot: 1328 - JOHN W. FRAZER

(1827-1906) Confederate brigadier general who after fortifying Cumberland Gap, surrendered it unconditionally to Burnside following the fall of Knoxville. He spent the rest of the war as a prisoner. Scarce, good content war date A.L.S. 'J.W. Frazer', 1p. 4to., Johnson's Island Prison, September 19, 1864, to his sister just ten days after his capture. In part: '...As Charles [possibly Col. Charles B. Harkie, 55th Georgia Infantry also captured at Cumberland Gap] has to write elsewhere I will write you...[Charles] wants grey cloth cut full skirt...mule collar, and straight sleeves no buttons. He requests you send it when done...We have no letter from Mother...did not get the money sent...a good many sick, and some on special exchange left this Friday...We will possible be exchanged in April, it is a lifetime...we will soon be in a walled room and decidedly more comfortable...' Toned with scattered stains, and a small hole likely from fire damage to the top right has been replaced with period paper.

Lot: 1329 - JOHN W. PHELPS

JOHN W. PHELPS (1813 - 1885) Union brigadier general known as an ardent abolitionist and for his efforts to raise regiments of freed slaves. He clashed with several fellow generals, most notably Benjamin Butler over the issue. Famously kept journals on his experiences in the Seminole, Mexican American, and Civil Wars. War date A.E.S. 'J.W. Phelps' at the end of an A.L.S., 2pp. 8vo., 'Camp Parapet', July 14, 1862, the letter being a request by Richard O'Grady, a lieutenant colonel of the 8th NY Regiment, to withdraw charges he had filed against a fellow soldier. Phelps writes an endorsement at the bottom approving the request adding rank of brigadier general. Toned with scattered ink stains.

Lot: 1330 - JOSEPH D. WEBSTER

JOSEPH D. WEBSTER (1811 - 1876) Union brigadier general, served as Chief of Staff to both Ulysses S. Grant and William T. Sherman. Instrumental in the massing of artillery at the Battle of Shiloh to support Grant's last line of defense near Pittsburg Landing. A.E.S. at the end of a great association war date L.S., 1p. 4to., Nashville, May 8, 1864, an order by Union railroad expert Col. DANIEL C. MCCALLUM (1815-1878) stating in part: '...If the exigencies of the service require it, you will take possession of the such engines and cars of the Louisville Lexington and Frankfurt railroad as may be necessary to insure the full supply of the Army at the front...' Webster signs an endorsement forwarding the document at the bottom 'by order of Maj. Gen. Sherman' with rank of brigadier general. Slight ink staining, tear along a crease repaired on the verso with tape, else fine. McCallum's work by taking over railroads mentioned here would yield great success in the following months in resupplying almost all of Sherman's army and making possible his Atlanta campaign which would start in September.

Lot: 1331 - JOSEPH F. KNIPE

JOSEPH F. KNIPE (1823 - 1901) Union brigadier general, fought in the Valley Campaign against Stonewall Jackson's forces. He was wounded at the First Battle of Winchester,and again at Cedar Mountain. As a brigadier general, he fought at Chancellorsville, and led New York militia in pursuit of the retreating Army of Northern Virginia following Gettysburg. Most notable, he commanded a division of cavalry during Hood's incursion into Tennessee, and captured 6,000 Confederates and eight battle flags in a decisive victory at Nashville. Partly-printed D.S., 1p. sm. folio, Decherd[?],Tn., April, 1864, a report of 'Persons and Articles employed and hired', largely laborers and teamsters, signed at lower-left as brigadier general. Folds, else fine.

Lot: 1332 - JOSEPH G. TOTTEN

JOSEPH G. TOTTEN (1788-1864) Union brigadier general, Chief of Engineers, regent of the Smithsonian Institute and co-founder of the National Academy of Sciences. War date L.S., 1p. 4to., 'Engineer Department', April 28, 1863, to Maj. Lorenzo Sitgreaves of the Corps of Engineers requesting the forwarding of accounts so that the Department can pay the men he commands. Fine condition.

Lot: 1333 - JOSEPH HOLT

JOSEPH HOLT (1807 - 1894) Union Judge Advocate General empowered to suspend the writ of habeas corpus, tried Fitz-John Porter and the Lincoln assassins. JOHN B. FLOYD RESIGNS AS SECRETARY OF WAR TO JOIN THE CONFEDERACY Superb content L.S. 'J. Holt' as Secretary of War, 1p. 4to., [Washington], Feb. 16, 1861, to the cashier of a bank in Saint Louis. In part: '…I have the honor to inform you that the Hon. John B. Floyd resigned his commission as Secretary of War on the 29th December, 1860 and that I was appointed secretary ad interim on the 31st of the same month, and commissioned as Secretary of War, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate on the 19th ultimo. I took the oath of office and entered upon the discharge of my duties, under this commission on the 23rd ultimo…'. Floyd of course immediately joined the Southern cause, serving for some time as a major general, and has been accused of diverting crucial military supplies to the South just before the outbreak of war. Fine condition.

Lot: 1334 - JOSEPH K. F. MANSFIELD

(1822 - 1862) Union brigadier general mortally wounded at Antietam while leading his men in a charge. Very rare war-date A.L.S. with rank of brigadier general, 2pp. 8vo., Washington D.C., June 18, 1861, to Union Admiral John Dahlgren (1809-1870) regarding transport for his troops. In part: '...You prepared at the Navy Yard 3 scows for our forces at Georgetown, one large and the other two small...If you could prepare for us two more large scows...we would be glad to return to you the small scows...' Light foxing, else very fine condition. At this time Mansfield was commander of the Department of Washington, and in this capacity, he seized and fortified several positions on the south bank of the Potomac River. The transports he references to Admiral Dahglren could have been used for such a mission. Accompanied by an engraving of Mansfield.

Lot: 1335 - JOSEPH K. F. MANSFIELD

JOSEPH K. F. MANSFIELD (1822 - 1862) Union general mortally wounded at Antietam while leading his men in a charge. Rare war-date A.D.S., 1p. 8vo., "Head Quarters Department Washington[?], June 4, 1861, in part: '...Col. Coke of the 25 Penn Regt in the vicinity of the Arsenal will details two Companies to assist Major Ramsay of the Ordnance Corps, in putting sundry cannon on board of a Lighter, for transportation to Arlington Heights...' Folds, else fine condition.

Lot: 1336 - JOSEPH L. BRENT

(1826 - 1905) Confederate brigadier general, one of three Californians to become Confederate generals or a diplomat. He fought most of the war in Louisiana. He is most remembered for engaging the USS Indianola with two gunboats. The capture of that vessel ended Porter's Red River Expedition. Rare A.L.S., 1p. 8vo., Baltimore, Dec. 4, 1894, to Marcus J. Wright (1831-1922) Confederate brigadier general who was appointed by the War Department years after the war to collect Confederate military records and later published multiple magazines and books. In part: '...I acknowledge the receipt from your office of the copy I sent at your request, of Secretary of State Seward's declaration of release of [my] parole, and which copy you have returned me...' Fine condition

Lot: 1337 - JOSEPH LANMAN

JOSEPH LANMAN (1811-1874) Union rear admiral who saw action in the Pacific Squadron early in the war but later became the commander of the USS Minnesota and led with distinction at both attacks on Fort Fisher. Signed endorsement as Commodore at the conclusion of a war date letter, 1p. legal folio, Norfolk, February 1 1865, written by ensign Freeman Lothrop to Lanman requesting a leave of absence. Lanman signs approving the request. Cosigned by fellow Union admiral ALEXANDER RHIND (1821-1897). Tear at the center fold repaired on the verso with tape, light toning.

Lot: 1338 - JOSEPH O. SHELBY

(1830-1897) Legendary Confederate brigadier general of cavalry, known as the 'Bedford Forest of the West', orchestrated Shelby's Raid, commander of 'The Undefeated' a detachment of roughly 1,000 Confederate soldiers who rather than surrender at the end of the war rode south to Mexico, and sank their battle flag in the Rio Grande rather than have it captured by the Union. Signed promissory note, 3.5 x 8 in., Lexington, June 3, 1852, payable to William Limrickin the amount of $6,750.82. Soiled and a bit worn, boldly signed.

Lot: 1339 - JOSEPH R. ANDERSON

(1813-1892) Confederate brigadier general and owner of the famous Tredegar Iron Works Co. in Richmond which was the Confederacy's largest and sometimes only source of arms during most of the war. Resigned his army commission after being wounded at the Battle of Seven Days to focus on production for the war effort. A.E.S. on the verso of a payment warrant, 8 x 4 in., North Carolina, Aug. 18, 1876, from the Insane Asylum of North Carolina, a payment of $662 to Anderson for iron pipes furnished by Tredegar. He signs on the verso as received. Scattered toning, else fine.

Lot: 1340 - JOSEPH R. WEST

JOSEPH R. WEST (1822 - 1898) Union brigadier general who served mostly in the New Mexico and Arizona territories, known for giving an order to torture and execute Apache chief Manga Coloradas when he came to a U.S. fort under a flag of truce. Later a U.S Senator from Louisiana. War date A.L.S. on Department of Arkansas letterhead, 1p. 4to., Little Rock, April 29, 1864, to Captain Lyman Richardson regarding the movement of shipments of cotton. In part: '...I shall have sufficient withdrawal of...the No. 3 load...I have deemed it expedient to allow the cotton to remain on board of her for protection against being found into...You will accordingly notify the captain that he is at liberty to proceed wit his boat and cargo...' Scattered light stains, else fine.

Lot: 1341 - JOSEPH SHELBY

JOSEPH SHELBY (1830-1897) Legendary Confederate brigadier general of cavalry, known as the 'Bedford Forrest of the West', orchestrated Shelby's Raid, commander of 'The Undefeated,' a detachment of roughly 1,000 Confederate soldiers who rather than surrender at the end of the war rode south to Mexico, and sank their battle flag in the Rio Grande rather than have it captured by the Union. Nice association and content A.L.S. on Missouri Pacific Railway Company letterhead, 1p. 4to., 'Page[?] City Station', May 9, 1879 to Missouri Gov. John Smith Phelps. In part: '...Dear Gov'r - We live in the country and do not hear the news. We learn you have recently married. I am really glad to know it. My wife joins me as well as other friends in congratulations...' Phelps adds a lengthy docket on verso. Phelps himself was a Civil War veteran, though he served for the Union. His wife cared for the body of Gen. Nathaniel Lyon, killed during the battle of Wilson's Creek, while Phelps was obliged to retreat with his men. In March 1862, Phelps led his regiment in the fierce fighting at Pea Ridge in Arkansas...where he would have faced Joe Shelby! Some uneven offset toning and a corner chip, a few trivial marginal splits,else very good.

Lot: 1342 - JOSHUA B. HOWELL

JOSHUA B. HOWELL (1806 - 1864) Union brigadier general, led the 85th Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry which was assigned to the IV Corps during the Peninsula Campaign. Fought at Malvern Hill and later took part in the siege of Charleston Harbor. Killed as a result from a fall at Petersburg in 1864. Scarce war-date D.S. as Colonel of the 85th Pa., 1p. 4to., Washington, Mar. 14, 1862, an 'Invoice of Ordnance and Ordnance Stores' including muskets, cartridges, bayonet scabbards, etc. Fine.

Lot: 1343 - JOSHUA B. HOWELL

JOSHUA B. HOWELL (1806 - 1864) Union brigadier general, fought in the Goldsboro Expedition at the battles of Kinston, White Hall and Goldsboro. His brigade also took part in the siege of Charleston Harbor. Howell died before Petersburg following a fall from his horse. Scarce war-date D.S., 1p. 4to., Morris Isalnd [n.d.], a return for a 'Colts Revolver & Equipments' issued to his orderly, signed by Howell as Colonel of the 2nd Brigade. Slightly trimmed at bottom, else very good.

Lot: 1344 - JOSHUA L. CHAMBERLAIN

(1828 – 1914) American college professor from Maine who volunteered during the Civil War to join the Union Army. He achieved the rank of brigadier general, brilliantly commanding the 20th Maine on the second day at Gettysburg in its crucial defense of the Union left on Little Round Top. Fine, bold black ink signature on a 5.25 x 2 in. slip. Very good. Ample margins make this an ideal example for framing.

Lot: 1345 - JOSIAH GORGAS

JOSIAH GORGAS (1818 - 1883) Confederate Chief of Ordnance, working closely with the Fraser, Trenholm shipping company that brought in shipments of ordnance by means of blockade runners. Bold signature with rank cut from a war-date document. Mounted.

Lot: 1346 - JUBAL A. EARLY

(1819 - 1894) Confederate major general who fought throughout the war, leading a division at Antietam, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, and Spotsylvania, and conducted a threatening raid on Washington. Vocal supporter of the 'Lost Cause' narrative in post war years. Black ink signature 'J.A. Early' on a 4 x 1 in. slip cut from another document. Affixed to a larger slip, else fine condition.

Lot: 1347 - LAWRENCE O’BRYAN BRANCH

(1820-1862) U.S. Congressman from North Carolina and later Confederate brigadier general who was killed in action at the Battle of Antietam. A.L.S. as a Congressman, 1p. 8vo., Washington D.C., Jan. 30, 1860, to an aide asking that William B. Eaton be informed that he will be paid the next time he sees him. Expertly inlaid, fine. fine condition.

Lot: 1348 - LEONIDAS POLK

(1806-1864) Confederate lieutenant general who was a Bishop of Louisiana before the war, led with distinction at Belmont and Shiloh, killed by cannon fire at Kennesaw Mountain. Rare war date clipped endorsement 'L. Polk' forwarding a document. The same partial document also bears another signed endorsement by THOMAS C. HINDEMAN (1828-1868), Confederate major general who served at Chickamauga, Chattanooga, and Kennesaw Mountain where an eye wound disqualified him from further active service. Mounted with another group of endorsements from the same document, one signed by Col. WHITEFIELD CLARK of the 39th Alabama Regt. Slightly toned with scattered ink stains.

Lot: 1349 - LEWIS B. PARSONS

(1818 - 1907) Union brigadier general of volunteers, served as an aide to Henry Halleck, at one point oversaw rail and river transport in the Department of the Mississippi. War date A.L.S. also initialed once, 2pp. 4to., St. Louis, July 17, 1863, to Col. J.D. Bircher[?] informing him there are not enough transports for his regiment, and that he needs to contact Memphis for further instruction. Parsons signs at the conclusion and initials following a postscript. Adhesive residue to the left margin, slightly toned.

Lot: 1350 - LOUIS H. PELOUZE

LOUIS H. PELOUZE (1841 - 1878) Union brevet brigadier general, on the Port Royal expedition when Fort Pulaski was captured, with Shields at Port Republic, and as major on the staff with II Corps of the Army of Virginia in the Shenandoah campaign until he was severely wounded at Cedar Mountain. Wonderful personal content war-date A.L.S., 3pp. 4to., Washington, Oct. 23, 1863 to Bvt. BNrig. General ADAM BADEAU (1831-1895). Interesting content, in which Pelouze first mentions interviewing a 'Major Williams' in regards to what appears to be a dispute involving Badeau concerning Badeau's health, probably the disabling wound he received at Port Hudson a few months earlier. In part: '...I believe you will have to be [?] again as having made a satisfactory defence and being relieved from the charge.When you are about able to toddle, I wish you would let me know the fact. Specifying what character of duty you think you can perform and I will endeavor to put you to work. I wish you would remember me to General Sherman...Tell him that no two members of his staff of the E.C. are serving together...a good account can be given of each. I would like to see General Sherman - I owe him many thanks...Tell me all about your wound - tell me that you won't be crippling your way through life...Did you ever dream that you were made a Brigadier and did you ever awaken from such a horrid night...thank your stars or I should say your bars that it was only a dream...I'd like to mix you a toddy - not in goblets but in tumblers...' Expertly inlaid, fine condition.

Lot: 1351 - LUCIUS B. NORTHRUP

LUCIUS B. NORTHRUP (1811- 1894) Confederate Commissary-General of the Appointed by Confederate president Jefferson Davis, a personal friend, Northrop was responsible for the logistics and supply chain that transported food, clothing, and forage to the Southern armies of the American Civil War, particularly the Army of Northern Virginia. Northrop was also responsible for supplying the prison camps that housed Federal prisoners-of-war. Rare war-date manuscript L.S. as Commissary General on C.S.A. 'Subsistence Department' letterhead, 1p. oblong 8vo., Richmond, Feb. 4, 1862. Northrup sends a letter of appointment and oath of office for three captains to serve as Assistant Commissaries in the Provisional Army, C.S.A., along with 'official bonds' to be executed. Two tiny marginal chips, else very good.

Lot: 1352 - LUCIUS J. GARTRELL

(1821-1892) American politician and Confederate general during the Civil War. Black ink signature on a 4.25 in. x 2 in. sheet likely cut from another document. Tipped to a larger sheet with slight ink smear but otherwise fine condition.

Lot: 1353 - LUNSFORD L. LOMAX

LUNSFORD L. LOMAX (1835 – 1913) Confederate major general, maintained a close friendship with his West Point classmate Fitzhugh Lee, and served under him as a brigadier in the Overland Campaign. He was then given command of the Valley District, where he supervised intelligence-gathering operations by Mosby's Rangers. Signature 'L. L. Lomax', mounted. One letter smeared.

Lot: 1354 - LYSANDER CUTLER

LYSANDER CUTLER (1807 - 1866) Union brigadier general, commanded the Iron Brigade at Fredericksburg, heavily engaged on the first day at Gettysburg, and severely wounded in the face at Globe Tavern which likely contributed to his death shortly after the war. War date A.L.S, 2pp. 4to., 'Sacketts Harbor', September 20, 1864, to Governor of New York Horatio Seymour (1810-1886) regarding a recent inspection he had conducted. In part: '...I have been inspecting the 186th Regt. NY Vols., It will be ready to go to the front on Saturday. I think it highly important that the regt. should be fully officed and as far as possibly by experienced officers...the men all are recruits...they desire the appointment of Col. B. Winslow...[I] know that he was an efficient officer...I should doubt you should be able to make a better appointment to the position than Col. Winslow...' Partly inlaid, slight edgewear to the left margin, else fine. Bradley Winslow (1831-1914) was a Union Army officer who fought with distinction at Second Bull Run and Petersburg, and would go on to be named Col. of the 186th New York Regt.

Lot: 1355 - MARSENA R. PATRICK

MARSENA R. PATRICK (1811 - 1888) Union brigadier general of volunteers as well as provost marshal of the Army of the Potomac for most of its campaigns. Interesting war date L.S. as provost marshal, 4pp. 4to., City Point VA, November 7, 1864, an overview of facts in a case of desertion against a Union soldier. In part: '...I have the honor to present...in the case of Sergeant C.C. Van Alstine, a deserter from Company F 1st Conn. Arty. About the 16th or 17th a man calling himself G.S. Walker...came to me...and was exceedingly urgent that the said Van Alstine should be found with the least possible delay, and by repeated applications to General Grant and his staff officers as well as to all who could aid him in his search...for the purpose of discovering the whereabouts of Van Alstine...the said Van Alstine while on his way to join the army as a deserter leaped from the transport as it touched at Jersey City, and with several other men made his escape...I would respectfully recommend that this case be thoroughly investigated...' Much more. Expertly inlaid, very fine condition.

Lot: 1356 - MATTHEW C. BUTLER

(1836-1909) Confederate major general who served under Gen. Wade Hampton and in the Army of Northern Virginia. Later a three term senator and veteran of the Spanish American War. Blue ink signature on a 4 x 2.5 in. card, Washington, May 19, 1890. Fine condition.

Lot: 1357 - MAXCY GREGG

(1814 - 1862) Confederate brigadier general and ardent secessionist, commanded troops with distinction at Gaines Mill and Second Bull Run. Wounded at Antietam by the same bullet that killed Genl. Lawrence O.B. Branch. Died from wounds sustained at Fredericksburg. A few lines of handwriting on the back of a war date telegraph sent to him by General James Chesnut (1815-1885) stating that transportation will be sent for him shortly. Gregg writes in part: '...Columbia SC June 16, 1862...Telegram from James Chesnut...Squadron cavalry waiting for transportation to come...' Moderately toned with edge wear and tears.

Lot: 1358 - MERIWETHER LEWIS CLARK, SR.

(1809-1881) Son of the famed corps of discovery leader William Clark and named after his father's associate Meriwether Lewis. Confederate colonel and commander of artillery who served under Braxton Bragg and Robert E. Lee. War date, partially printed D.S. signed twice, 1p. oblong 4to., Atlanta, Sept. 21, 1863, titled 'Requisition for forage for public and private horses, mules, and oxen' bearing a tally of the amount of corn taken as forage for horses and mules, and the term of requisition. Signed by Clark as colonel of artillery. Toned, else fine condition.

Lot: 1359 - MICAH JENKINS

(1835 - 1864) Confederate brigadier, a 'boy general' as he was called by fellow officers as he was only 26 when promoted, served under George Pickett and John B. Hood. At the Battle of the Wilderness, Jenkins was riding alongside James Longstreet when both were struck down by friendly fire. Longstreet would survive but Jenkins died from the wound a few hours later. Rare clipped signature 'M. Jenkins' on a 1.75 x 1 in. slip. Mounted. Fine.

Lot: 1360 - MICHAEL CORCORAN

MICHAEL CORCORAN (1827 – 1863) Irish American Union brigadier general and close confidant of President Abraham Lincoln. He led the 69th New York to Washington, D.C. and was one of the first to serve in the defense of Washington, then led the 69th into action at First Bull Run. He later formed the Corcoran Legion and besieged Suffolk. Killed when thrown from his horse. Rare war date L.S. on 'Corcoran's Irish Legion' letterhead, 1p. 4to., New York, September 16, 1863, to Gen. Thomas Hillhouse (1817-1897) in part: '...I hereby nominate Patrick Nolan M.D. for Surgeon of the Regiment now being raised for my brigade known as the 5th Regiment..' Very fine.

Lot: 1361 - MICHAEL CORCORAN

MICHAEL CORCORAN (1827 – 1863) Irish American Union brigadier general and close confidant of President Abraham Lincoln. He led the 69th New York to Washington, D.C. and was one of the first to serve in the defense of Washington, then led the 69th into action at First Bull Run. He later formed the Corcoran Legion and besieged Suffolk. Killed when thrown from his horse. Rare war date D.S. as brigadier general, 3pp. 4to., Suffolk, January 28, 1863, ordering the delivery of goods to James Sutter in totalling $150. Slightly toned with ink stains, else fine. Sold with newspaper clippings from the newspaper ‘Irish American' mentioning Corcoran.

Lot: 1362 - MONTGOMERY C. MEIGS

MONTGOMERY C. MEIGS (1816-1892) Union brigadier general and quartermaster general whose responsibilities included overseeing railroad, ship, and wagon transportation for the army. Instrumental in the establishment of Arlington National Cemetery. Interesting war date A.L.S., 1p. 8vo., [n.p.], January 31, 1863, to Union Rear Admiral Andrew Hull Foote (1806-1863). In part: '...The club visit[?] at my house tonight. Davis can tell you what it is. We'll be happy to have you meet them. Come if you can...' Expertly inlaid, fine condition.

Lot: 1363 - MONTGOMERY D. CORSE

(1816-1895) Confederate brigadier general who participated in the Peninsula and Maryland Campaigns commanded George Pickett's brigade at the Battle of Fredericksburg. Black ink signature as brigadier general on a 4 x 1 in. slip likely cut from a war date document. Mounted. Fine condition.

Lot: 1364 - MONTGOMERY D. CORSE

(1816-1895) Confederate brigadier general who participated in the Peninsula and Maryland Campaigns, commanded George Pickett's brigade at the Battle of Fredericksburg. A.L.S., 1p. 8vo., Alexandria, April 7, 1891, to James M. Fleming responding to an invitation. In part: '...I have...the receipt of your kind invitation to unite with the Confederate Survivors Association of Augusta in doing honor to that grand soldier and gentleman, Lt. Gen. Wade Hampton and to the survivors of his old brigade...but I am sorry to say I cannot....' Expertly inlaid to a larger sheet, in fine condition. The Confederate Survivors Association was a historical and social organization dedicated to preserving the camaraderie of all those who served in the Confederate military, and it stayed active well into the twentieth century

Lot: 1365 - MONTGOMERY MEIGS

MONTGOMERY MEIGS (1816-1892) Union brigadier general and quartermaster general whose responsibilities included overseeing railroad, ship, and wagon transportation for the army. Great illustrated A.L.S. 'Mont', 4pp. 8vo., Dresden, July 21, 1867 to his wife. While visiting Europe for two years to recuperate his health from the strains of war, Meigs sends news home in a delightful illustrated letter: '...there goes a man hauling a kind of wagon they use here...' to which Meigs adds a sketch of the scene. He also adds a fine sketch of the view of the city square before him, describes the houses, churches, and architecture, visits collections of engravings, etc. Very good.

Lot: 1366 - NAPOLEON BONAPARTE BUFORD

NAPOLEON BONAPARTE BUFORD (1807 – 1883) Union brigadier general and half-brother of the Gettysburg hero, John Buford. He fought at Belmont, then commanded the so-called 'Flotilla Brigade' at Island Number Ten. He later commanded the 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, Army of the Mississippi during the siege and battle of Corinth. War-date A.L.S., 1p. 8vo., Chicago, Jan. 3, 1864 to Major S. B. Stevens. A social letter thanking the man for his invitation, sending his travel details, and enclosing a letter for the governor. A few interior holes cost a few letters of text, small bit of tape at one corner, else very good.

Lot: 1367 - NATHANIEL LYON

NATHANIEL LYON (1818 - 1861) Union brigadier general who met with Confederate representatives and declared 'This means war', he later put down the pro-Confederate Missouri militia and faced Ben McCulloch at Wilson's Creek where he was killed in action. Scarce A.L.S. 'N.Lyon' as Captain, 2nd Infantry, 1p. 8vo., Fort Randall, Nebraska Territory, Nov. 22, 1858. Lyon advises that among the general orders sent to him for his company, four are missing and he asks that they be sent. Expertly inlaid, fine condition. With period engraving.

Lot: 1368 - NELSON A. MILES

NELSON A. MILES (1839-1925) U.S. Army General who served in the Civil War for the Union, American Indian Wars, and the Spanish-American War. Miles was also the last Commanding General of the Army from 1895-1903 when the office was abolished. A.L.S., 1p. 8vo., 'Brevount[?] House', February 18, 1881, to Union major James G. Wilson (1832-1914) informing him that he has received his letters and packages. Expertly inlaid to a sheet, fine condition.

Lot: 1369 - ORMSBY M. MITCHEL

(1809-1862) Union major general who ordered the raid that would become known as the 'Great Locomotive Chase', died of yellow fever early in the war. A renowned astronomer, he developed the first magazine in the U.S. dedicated to astronomy and was instrumental in building an observatory now named after him in Cincinnati. Good content A.L.S., 3pp. 8vo., Sharon Springs, NY, June 10, 1859, to J.W. Oleuto[?] regarding a recent move he made as well as astronomy measurements. In part: '...it gives one great pleasure to announce that I reached this place with Mrs. Mitchel and my family on yesterday afternoon. We are already on the lands of Dr. Green and we anticipate great benefit from the sulfurous water and from the baths... I met, at Utica, Dr. Wolworth who told me something about the expression[?] of one number of Gould's formae, about which harries some mystery. I saw his notes of this pattern in the May no. 3...but fares no attestation to it. Presumably, it is a trick of some sort. I wrote to Albany to Santos for some measures...I write in the plural as the instrument for Cincinnati and Albany will be ordered...at the same time. I have the time recording apparatus on in the hands of the [?], Four sets of the machine one under way...they will want a fit for Ann Arbor...' Sold with an engraving. Light ink stains, else fine condition. It is possible that Mitchel is referring in this letter to work on longitudinal measures to define the positions of stars in the sky, which is regarded as one of his greatest contributions to the field.

Lot: 1370 - ORRIS S. FERRY

ORRIS S. FERRY (1823 - 1875) Union brigadier general who would later become a U.S. Congressman and prominent Senator from Connecticut. War date A.L.S., 1p. 4to., 'In the field', June 25, 1864, a general order stating that he is assuming command of a division. Moderate stains.

Lot: 1371 - PETER J. OSTERHAUS

PETER J. OSTERHAUS (1823-1917) German American Union major general who led brigades with distinction in the Vicksburg, Chattanooga, and Atlanta campaigns. Accepted the surrender of Edmund Kirby Smith, the last Confederate general with an active army, on June 2, 1865. Scarce war date A.L.S., 1p. 4to. 'Camp near Rolla Mo', December 5, 1861, to the adjutant general of the Army of Missouri recommending an officer to lead a brigade. In part: '...When the regiments forming the 2nd brigade 3rd division were ordered to take the field a portion of them were more or less incomplete, and during the campaign had no opportunity to fill their ranks...therefore I beg to draw your attention to that fact...If a returning officer for that said brigade could be allowed, I would suggest...Lt. Col. Otto Shadt...' Light ink stains, else fine condition.

Lot: 1372 - PHILIP H. SHERIDAN

PHILIP H. SHERIDAN (1831 - 1888) Union major general of cavalry and famous Indian fighter. Sheridan's fighting prowess was evident throughout the war, from Booneville to Chickamauga and the elimination of J.E.B. Stuart at Yellow Tavern. Later promoted to General of the Army under President Cleveland. War-date signature adding rank as major general, mounted to an A.L.S. from his aide, Capt. THOMAS W.T.C. Moore, 1p. 8vo., 'In the field',Aug. 25, 1864, sending the requested signature. Moore's letter is expertly inlaid. Fine.

Lot: 1373 - PHILLIP COOK

(1817-1894) Confederate brigadier general who served at Second Manassas, Antietam, and was wounded at Chancellorsville. Later a U.S. Congressman. A.L.S., 1p. 8vo. on Georgia Secretary of State letterhead, Atlanta, Feb. 16, 1892, to an unknown individual declining the request for names and addresses of former Confederate colleagues: ‘…they have drifted about and engaged in business of various kinds…' Expertly inlaid to a larger sheet.

Lot: 1374 - PHILLIP COOK

(1817-1894) Confederate brigadier general who served at Second Manassas, Antietam, and was wounded at Chancellorsville. Later a U.S. Congressman. Black ink signature on a 4.5 x 3 in. card, adding rank and: ‘Rodes Division Jackson's Corps ANV'. Two small adhesive stains show-through, not affecting the signature, else fine.

Lot: 1375 - PHILLIP H. SHERIDAN

PHILLIP H. SHERIDAN (1831 - 1888) Union major general of cavalry and famous Indian fighter. Sheridan's fighting prowess was evident throughout the war, from Booneville to Chickamauga and the elimination of J.E.B. Stuart at Yellow Tavern. Later promoted to General of the Army under President Cleveland. Black ink signature on a 3 x 2 in. card with rank of major general, mounted. Accompanied by an engraving of Sheridan with moderate foxing. Fine condition.

Lot: 1376 - QUINCY ADAMS GILLMORE

QUINCY ADAMS GILLMORE (1825-1888) Union major general, served in the Corps of Engineers, famed for his organization of siege equipment specifically at the Battle of Fort Pulaski. Signed endorsement on the verso of a war date A.L.S., 2pp. 4to., 'Point of Rocks', June 7, 1864, the letter being a request by Col. Horace T. Sanders (1820-1865) to allow his quartermaster to proceed to Norfolk to resupply books and papers that were recently lost. Gillmore signs an endorsement on the verso approving the request as major general. Also signing an endorsement is Union brigadier general JOHN W. TURNER (1833-1899). Scattered stains on the verso, else fine.

Lot: 1377 - RAFAEL SEMMES

RAFAEL SEMMES (1809 - 1877) Confederate admiral of the raider ALABAMA which battled and was eventually destroyed by the Union frigate KEARSARGE off Cherbourg in 1864. Rare manuscript L.S. 'R. Semmes', 1p. 4to., 'Treasury Department', Sep. 19, 1859 to the Superintendent of Lights in Florida advising that his recommendation for a lighthouse keeper had been forwarded to the Secretary of the Treasury. Some light toning with a few light spots, else very good.

Lot: 1378 - RANALD S. MACKENZIE

RANALD S. MACKENZIE (1840 – 1889) Union brigadier general described by Grant as the army's most promising young officer, leading cavalry with distinction at Five Forks and Appomattox. He also served in the Indian Wars. Very rare black ink signature as a colonel on an 8 x 2.5 in. slip cut from a war date document. Slip torn and repaired by tape not affecting the signature.

Lot: 1379 - REUBEN DAVIS

(1813 - 1890) Confederate brigadier general, later a U.S. Congressman and lawyer. A.L.S., 1p. 4to., Aberdeen, April 4, 1859, to John C. Burns] requesting congressional records. In full: '...You will please send me the Congressional Globe at the soonest possible as I shall use it in the approaching canvass, this favor will be remembered by me...' Expertly inlaid to a sheet, else fine condition.

Lot: 1380 - RICHARD C. GATLIN

(1809 - 1896) Confederate brigadier general, commander of defenses in North Carolina until he was relieved in 1862 due to severe illness. War date A.D.S. as adjutant general after his relief from duty, 1p. 4to., Raleigh, July 19, 1864, an official order stating that Maj. R.S. Tucker is to proceed to Petersburg and Richmond for 'business connected with this office.' Toned with scattered stains, and a tear along a crease partially repaired on the verso with tape.

Lot: 1381 - RICHARD GRIFFITH

(1814 - 1862) Confederate brigadier general, close friend of Jefferson Davis from their service in the Mexican American War. Mortally wounded at the Battle of Savage's Station. Griffith's death was heavily greatly lamented by Davis, who had his body laid out at the Confederate White House and Davis kept a portrait of the late general in his office. Excessively rare war date A.L.S. 'R. Griffith', 1p. 4to., Corinth, May 1, 1861, to 'My darling wife' regarding his current situation. In part: '...As you perceive I am here in excellent health and good spirits. Troops are coming in rapidly now about 1600, and by tomorrow they will be 2400. When we will move from this point I am unable to say, perhaps in a few days...I am very busy...Our destination will be to Lynchburg Va and then I suppose to Washington City. At the former place most likeliest troops will be handed over to the Confederate States, and I deprived of any further command...in either event you will be advised of my movements...' Lightly toned, with a few scattered ink stains, else very fine.

Lot: 1382 - RICHARD L. PAGE

(1807 - 1901) U.S. Navy officer who joined the Confederate Navy and later became a brigadier general in the Confederate Army. He was then assigned to take command of the outer defenses of the C.S. Army held location at Mobile Bay. He stubbornly defended Fort Morgan from April 5 to April 23, 1864 when he surrendered, breaking his sword over his knee. Rare partly-printed D.S. signed 'R. L. Page' eight times, 2pp. 4to., [Petersburg, Jan. 1, 1874], a $120.00 bond issued by the Atlantic, Mississippi and Ohio Rail Road Co. signed eight times by page on verso. Three of the signatures are affected slightly by insect damage, else very good. Coincidentally, the bond is signed by railroad president WILLIAM MAHONE (1826-1895), Confederate major general who fought at Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, and The Crater; Lee granted him a battlefield promotion at The Crater. Mahone's signature is affected by a punch cancel.

Lot: 1383 - RICHARD L. T. BEALE

(1819 - 1893) Confederate brigadier general and U.S. Congressman. An able commander of Virginia cavalry, his forces intercepted Ulric Dahlgren and revealed the Davis assassination plot, participated in hard fighting at Gettysburg's East Cavalry Field, and captured two Union flags at the Second Battle of Ream's Station. Wounded and captured at Appomattox. Black ink signature on a 3 x 7 in. card. Fine condition.

Lot: 1384 - RICHARD M. GANO

(1830 - 1913) Confederate brigadier general of cavalry who rode with John Hunt Morgan and Nathan Bedford Forrest, later became a prominent minister and cattle rancher. A.N.S., 1p. 5 x 2.75 in., [n.p., n.d], to an individual transmitting an autograph. Fine condition.

Lot: 1385 - RICHARD TAYLOR

RICHARD TAYLOR (1826 – 1879) Confederate Lieutenant General and only son of President Zachary Taylor, serving first as a brigade commander in Virginia, and later as an army commander in the Trans-Mississippi Theater. Taylor commanded the District of West Louisiana and was responsible for successfully opposing Union forces during the Red River Campaign of 1864. Rare partly-printed D.S., 7 x 4 in. (sight), St, Charles, Dec. 27. 1855, a sight draft in the amount of $100, issued to one 'Emile Turter[?]. Signature slightly abraded, else very good. Matted with gold fillets and a color portrait to an overall size of 14.25 x 8.25 in.

Lot: 1386 - ROBERT C. SCHENCK

ROBERT C. SCHENCK (1809 – 1890) Union major general, at both battles of Bull Run and took part in Jackson's Valley Campaign of 1862, and the Battle of Cross Keys. War-date A.L.S., 1p. 4to., 'Camp at Mt. Jackson', June 13, 1862 to a 'Colonel Tracy' advising that W. E. Schofield had been promoted to captain and was in command of: 'our disabled forces and stores left at Petersburg. He is an excellent officer but was too ill to accompany his regiment...' Just a tad light, else fine and expertly inlaid with a mounted albumen in civilian garb.

Lot: 1387 - ROBERT H. ANDERSON

(1835 - 1888) Confederate brigadier general who served at Fort McAllister and defended Savannah from William T. Sherman, later served in the Atlanta and Carolina campaigns. Rare, late war-date manuscript D.S. 'R.H. Anderson', 1p. 4to., 'Station in the Field', April 7, 1865 (two days before Lee's surrender at Appomattox), titled 'Morning Report of the Effective Strength of Anderson's Cavalry Brigade', bearing a chart that shows tally of commanders, soldiers, horses, munitions, and weapons. Below are regiment specific reports, noting soldiers leaving or returning from furlough. Submitted by Anderson as the commanding officer. Scattered stains, else very good. Anderson's brigade would surrender to Gen. William T. Sherman at Hillsboro, North Carolina on April 25th, sixteen days after Lee's surrender.

Lot: 1388 - ROBERT H. HATTON

(1826 - 1862) Confederate brigadier general, he was killed in action at the Battle of Fair Oaks before his appointment could be confirmed. Good content, extremely rare, autographed letter and franked envelope, 4pp. 8vo., Washington D.C., March 4, 1861, to his cousin S.R. Burton the day after the inauguration of Abraham Lincoln. The letter in Hatton's hand reads in part: '...I received yours this morning including the confidential which I have committed to the flames. Say nothing more to your father on the subject but let him take his own course...The Inauguration passed off without the slightest disturbance, Mr. Lincoln read his address from the eastern front of the capitol, Mr. Buchanan marching with him, and sitting by his side. Mr. Lincoln declares his intention of enforcing the laws, and collecting the revenue, but there need be no bloodshed. He shall assail no one...If any locality will not allow officers to be held in their midst he shall not force strong officials on the, except to collect revenue and protect the public property. The military display was not as great as four years ago...' Hatton signs the letter 'your Ber' and is accompanied by a postal cover franked 'R Hatton MC' and postmarked March 5, 1861. Toned with scattered stains on both. Interestingly, Hatton originally believed that the Union should be preserved and opposed secession. However once President Lincoln called for armed volunteers to put down the rebellion, he changed his mind and formed his own Confederate unit, the Lebanon Blues. He would go on to serve with distinction in the Peninsula Campaign but was shot through the head at Fair Oaks in May of 1862, making his signature very rare.

Lot: 1389 - ROBERT S. GARNETT

(1819 - 1861) U.S. Army career officer, later Confederate brigadier general and adjutant to Robert E. Lee. Killed during an engagement near Corrick's Ford on July 13, making him the first general officer killed during the Civil War. Excessively rare war date A.D.S. 'R.S. Garnett' as adjutant general, 1p. 4to., Richmond, May 31, 1861, a special order stating that 'Captain Herbert A. Clairborne...will report without delay to Brig. Genl. T.T. Fauntleroy...for duty with troops under his command.' Lightly toned, else very fine. Thomas T. Fauntleroy (1796 - 1883) was briefly an officer in the Provisional Army of Virginia. Accompanied by two images of Garnett.

Lot: 1390 - ROSWELL S. RIPLEY

(1823-1887) Confederate brigadier general who was present at the bombing of Fort Sumter, and saw action at Antietam, Fredericksburg, and Bentonville. Black ink signature 'R.S. Ripley' with rank of brigadier general on a 3.25 x 1 in. slip cut from a war date document. Scattered stains.

Lot: 1391 - SAMUEL COOPER

(1798 - 1876) Confederate major general who was the highest-ranking officer in the Confederate army. He served as Inspector General in Richmond throughout the war and fled with Jefferson Davis when the capital fell. Printed D.S. 'S. Cooper', 1p. 8vo., Washington D.C., March 8, 1854, General Orders No. 4 issued by Secretary of War and future Confederate President Jefferson Davis. Most notable is the renaming of: 'the military post near El Paso' as Fort Bliss, which still stands today and is the second largest army base in the country. Signed by Cooper as Adjutant General. Fine condition.

Lot: 1392 - SAMUEL COOPER

(1798 - 1876) Confederate major general who was the highest-ranking officer in the Confederate army. He served as Inspector General in Richmond throughout the war and fled with Jefferson Davis when the capital fell. A.E.S. 'S. Cooper' on a 3 x 3.5 in. slip cut from a war date document, May 9, 1864. In full: 'Respfy returned to Genl. [Braxton] Bragg.' Affixed to a larger sheet, else fine condition.

Lot: 1393 - SAMUEL F. DU PONT

SAMUEL F. DU PONT (1803 - 1865) Union admiral who commanded the South Atlantic Blockading Squadron who was instrumental in the taking of Port Royal and Beaufort. War-date D.S. 'S. F. Du Pont' signed twice, 1p. 4to. on Philadelphia Navy Yard letterhead, May 2, 1861 - just two weeks after the outbreak of war. Du Pont orders a 3rd Assistant Engineer to report for temporary duty 'without delay', and at bottom acknowledges that the man had indeed appeared for duty. One vertical toned bar, else very good.

Lot: 1394 - SAMUEL JONES

SAMUEL JONES (1819-1887) Confederate major general who commanded the Department of Western Virginia, defending the Virginia and Tennessee Railroad and the vital salt mines during the midpoint of the war. Later he commanded the district of South Carolina. War-date A.E.S. cut from a document, 3.5 x 3 in., in full: 'Tjis case will be presented for trial to the Military Court of this Dept., as soon as the witnesses can be got together. Sam. Jones Maj. Genl.' Very good.

Lot: 1395 - SAMUEL P. HENTZELMAN

(1805 - 1880) Union major general who served at the First and Second battles of Bull Run, and in other engagements during the Peninsula Campaign. Relieved from command in 1862 for being too old and insufficiently aggressive. A.L.S., 3pp. 4to., Philadelphia, Dec. 6, 1832, to assistant surgeon in the U.S. Navy Dr. Lewis Molfley[?], mentioing rising tensions in Florida over the situation with the Seminoles. In part: '...I have just returned from New York where I went to see a dramatic entertainment for the benefit of J. Howard Payne, a citizen of New York who has written a number of plays… The only part I consider myself of a judge of was the female performers, and they were too ugly... We hear talk of nothing but nullification. The president appears determined to support the laws of the union. Report says more troops have been ordered to Charleston...in all eleven companies...Gov. Hamilton recommends the raising of an army of 12,000 men. Should authorities commence I may expect to be ordered their way...' Scattered stains and small paper loss on the second page from a wax seal. It is possible that Heintzelman is referring here to the building of tensions that would lead to the Second Seminole War, in which he would later fight. Earlier that year the Treaty of Payne's Landing was negotiated with the U.S. Government which stated that the Seminoles would move west and become part of the Creek tribe. A delegation of seven chiefs were elected to inspect the new reservation before the treaty was to be signed. However, after they returned to Florida many renounced their agreement to the treaty and claimed they had been forced to sign. The U.S. Senate would ratify the treaty anyway but because of this many Seminoles refused to move. Tensions continued to rise over the next couple years and would eventually culminate in war.

Lot: 1396 - SAMUEL R. CURTIS

SAMUEL R. CURTIS (1806 - 1866) Union major general, one of the first Republicans elected to Congress. Famous for his victories at the Battles of Pea Ridge and Westport. Rare, great content war date A.L.S. marked 'Private' at the top as brigadier general, 2pp. 4to., Missouri, September 7, 1863, to 'Governor', likely Iowa Governor Samuel J. Kirkwood (1813-1894), regarding the mistreatment of a Union officer. In part: '...Major C. Taylor of the 25th Iowa infantry stationed[?] at Arkansas Post was told by his Colonel to stay back after the fight began. Yet for this he was discharged, the Colonel not being allowed to testify. Nothing can be more absurd. The Major afterwards continued during the Vicksburg campaign and must have credit for subsequent gallant conduct. He says a Dr. Burk[?] of Genl. Steeles staff was the main contact[?]...Burk is a little simple drunken Irishman whom I should have no sort of confidence...I hope you will keep the place open until Major Taylor can get the matter fully presented to you and to the department...I have no doubt this matter has been a great outrage on the major...' Slightly toned, else fine. The Battle of Arkansas Post was a decisive Union victory fought on January 9-11, 1863.

Lot: 1397 - SAMUEL W. FERGUSON

SAMUEL W. FERGUSON (1834 - 1917) Confederate brigadier general who served with Beauregard until Shiloh, then under Wheeler in the Carolinas. When suggested for promotion, Wheeler vociferously condemned Ferguson. Good content A.L.S. 'S.W. Ferguson' on Board of Mississippi Levee Commissioners letterhead, 1p. 4to., Greenville, February 11, 1893, relaying information on commanders of regiments who served under him during the war. Chipping to the top, a few small tears repaired on the verso with tape, and slight toning. Interestingly a year later, while Ferguson was still serving as the Secretary and Treasurer of the Mississippi Board of Levee Commissioners, $20,000-$40,000 mysteriously disappeared from its funds. Although never accused, he would suddenly move to Charleston later that year, and it would be many years before he returned to Mississippi.

Lot: 1398 - SAMUEL WRAGG FERGUSON

(1834 - 1917) Confederate brigadier general who served with Beauregard until Shiloh, then under Wheeler in the Carolinas. When suggested for promotion, Wheeler vociferously condemned Ferguson. Fine war-date D.S. as brigadier general, 1p. 4to., 'Near Mathews Bluff, S.C.', Jan. 14, 1865, headed: 'Morning Report Effective Strength Ferguson's Brigade', his combined troop strength and 1,209 cavalry horses. Broken down by commands, one of which is the 2nd Alabama, the totals also include 29 scouts. Fine.

Lot: 1399 - SCATTERING GENERAL FORREST'S FORCES - AND CAPTURING HIS TURKEY!

SCATTERING GENERAL FORREST'S FORCES - AND CAPTURING HIS TURKEY! ANDREW J. NEFF (1825-1904) Union Brevet Brigadier General. With the 84th Regiment, he saw action in Kentucky, Tennessee, Alabama, and South Carolina from late 1862 to 1864. He received his brevet for services as Lieutenant Colonel in command of the 84th at Tunnel Hill, Georgia on February 24, 1864. Superb content war-date A.L.S., 3pp. 4to., Franklin, Tn., Mar. 13, 1863 to his cousin, penned on the verso of a printed broadside entitled: 'Preamble and Resolution, adopted by General Baird's Division'. Neff's letter describes an expedition which forced Gen. Nathan Bedford Forrest to flee, leaving a turkey on the fire! It reads, in part: '..we are under marching orders against Van Dorn's forces some twenty five miles from here. We were gone four days and it was a terrible march…. we bivouacked in the mud… we skirmished with the enemy fourteen miles, killed some 8 or 10 of their men and took several prisoners. We drove them across Duck River at Columbia and returned last evening to camp...our men marched with boots on...he [Van Dom] had about 12,000 men and we had about 15,000. Genl. [Nathan Bedford] Forrest was in command of the rebel cavalry. One of our cannon balls passed through his headquarters……all his staff scampered [off] in double quick time. He [Forrest] leaving his overcoat and...[and] a fine turkey that was in the fire cooking. Our cavalry got it. The whole force run like dogs until they were safe across Duck River. We had no means of crossing it. This is a delightful country...one can appreciate that the South has a Country worth fighting for. I hope that when this was is over that all this fine country will be given to loyal soldiers...I great battle must sure be fought here...I hope the government will hurry up the six hundred thousand conscripts as now is the time for offensive movements...' Some negligible damp staining, else very good.

Lot: 1400 - SCHUYLER HAMILTON

SCHUYLER HAMILTON (1822 – 1903) Union brigadier general and a grandson of Alexander Hamilton. At Island Number 10, Hamilton led the 2nd Division in the Army of the Mississippi. He was transferred to command the 3rd Division throughout much of the Siege of Corinth. Toward the close of that campaign, Hamilton was elevated to command the right wing of the Army of the Mississippi, consisting of the 3rd and 4th Divisions. Resigned due to poor health. Good content war-date A.L.S., 1p. 8vo., 'Hd. Qrs. 2d Division...Camp in front of New Madrid, Mo.', Mar. 11, 1862, to 'My dear Rice'. Hamilton writes two days before Pope's heavy artillery would open on New Madrid, forcing its abandonment, and the siege of Island No. 10 would begin. In part: '...He we are in front of the Enemy. I write to you to do honor to Col. Tuttle of 20 Iowa...Please look to his promotion. Also if you can have Col. Gordon Granger ( Capt. of the Rifles) & musch distinguished at Wilson's Creek now Col. Mich. Cavalry made a Brigadier Genl. of Vols. [he would be thus appointed]. He earned it & is eminently qualified...' Two marginal stains do not significantly detract, else very good.

Lot: 1401 - SELDON CONNOR

SELDON CONNOR (1839-1917) Union brigadier general who was severely wounded at the Battle of the Wilderness and later served as governor of Maine. A.L.S., 2pp. 8vo., Maine, Sept. 17, 1875, to American author Charles Lanman (1819-1895) outlining his career as a scholar and soldier in the Civil War. Inlaid to a larger sheet. Slightly toned.

Lot: 1402 - SIDNEY D. JACKMAN

(1828 - 1886) Confederate brigadier general from Missouri, served in the Trans-Mississippi, mainly participating in guerrilla style tactics against Union targets. Jackman fought in the Battle of Westport, one of the war's cavalry battles. During the first day of the battle, he led the attack that routed the Federals from their initial position, and early on the second day, his brigade launched a successful attack directly on Westport. When the Confederate rear collapsed during his attack, he was ordered to halt and act as rear guard to fend off the Union pursuit. Very rare A.L.S. 'S. D. Jackman' on the verso of a postcard, San Marcos, TX., Mar. 3, 1882, in pencil to Thomas C. Reynolds in St. Louis. Reynolds had served as the Confederate governor of Missouri from 1862 to 1865. Jackman repeatedly addresses Reynolds as 'Gov.', writing: '...Again Gov, death has invaded the sacred precinct[?] of my household. My wife died on the 19th inst. of Pneumonia, after 15 days severe sickness. Four small children is the result of this last marriage. My first children mostly grown, and the others pretty well also. For these afflictions, I shall have your sympathies...' Fine condition, expertly inlaid.

Lot: 1403 - SOLOMON MEREDITH

SOLOMON MEREDITH (1810 - 1875) Union brigadier general who was one of the commanders of the Iron Brigade in the Army of the Potomac. Declared himself unfit for duty prior to the Battle of Antietam where his replacement was killed leading a charge into the cornfield and drew harsh criticism from fellow generals. Scarce partly printed war date D.S., 1p. 8vo., Indiana, September 24, 1862, an official court document administering the estate of Robert Grimes, deceased, signed by Meredith as a clerk. Fine condition.

Lot: 1404 - STATES RIGHTS GIST

(1831 - 1864) Confederate brigadier general who commanded a division at Chickamauga and Missionary Ridge, led his own brigade in the Atlanta campaign, killed in action leading his men at Franklin. His father Nathaniel, an ardent support of John C. Calhoun, chose his son's name to reflect his own political sentiments. Rare A.E.S 'S.R. Gist' on the verso of a war date document, 2pp. 4to., South Carolina, January 13, 1864, a request for furlough for W.E. Hobbs on account of the death of one of his young children. Gist writes an endorsement on the verso forwarding the document. Also signing endorsements are fellow Confederate generals BENJAMIN F. CHEATHAM (1820-1886), and CLEMENT H. STEVENS (1821-1864). Substantially worn and toned, some text badly faded. Gist and Cheatham's endorsements are very light yet still discernable. Scattered tears have been repaired with tape. Estimated accordingly.

Lot: 1405 - STEPHEN D. RAMSEUR

(1837-1864) Confederate major general, at one point the youngest in the army, commended by Robert E. Lee for his actions at Chancellorsville and Malvern Hill leading the Stonewall brigade. Killed in action at the Battle of Cedar Creek. Very rare black ink signature 'S. D. Ramseur Maj. Genl' on a 3.5 x 1.5 in. lined slip cut from a document. Ramseur was a major general for only four months before his death. Signature substantially faded but still legible.

Lot: 1406 - STEPHEN ELLIOT JR.

(1830-1866) Confederate brigadier general present at Fort Sumter and commander of that fort later in the war, served with distinction at Charleston, the Wilderness, and Bentonville, and wounded several times. He died shortly after the war from improperly healed wounds. Rare clipped signature from a postal cover as commander of Fort Sumter, 2.5 x 1 in., February 1864.

Lot: 1407 - STEPHEN G. BURBRIDGE

STEPHEN G. BURBRIDGE (1831 – 1894) 'The Butcher of Kentucky', controversial Union brigadier general who fought in multiple campaigns early in the war but gained notoriety as military commander of Kentucky where he imposed strict martial law to combat Confederate guerilla groups. War date A.L.S., 1p. 4to., Lexington, August 7, 1862, to President Abraham Lincoln attesting to the character of a captain named J.H. Dickens under his command. Fine condition.

Lot: 1408 - STEPHEN MILLER

STEPHEN MILLER (1816 - 1881) Union brigadier general who advanced rapidly from private to colonel in the 1st Minnesota Infantry. In 1862 Miller returned from the South and replaced Brig. Gen. Henry Sibley as commander of Camp Lincoln. There, 303 Dakota Indian men, convicted of participating in the Dakota War of 1862, awaited their fate. Four months later, Miller supervised, by order of President Lincoln, the mass execution of 38 Dakotas condemned for their part in the war. War-date signature adding rank as brigadier general, cut from a document and mounted. Very good.

Lot: 1409 - THEOPHILUS H. HOLMES

(1804 - 1880) Confederate lieutenant general, commander of the Trans-Mississippi Department who failed in his key task of defending the Confederacy's hold on the Mississippi River. Rare war-date clipped signature with rank, 2 x 2.25 in., in full: 'I am Sir very resp. T.H. Holmes Brig. Genl.' A few small stains, else fine.

Lot: 1410 - THOMAS BENTON SMITH

(1838 - 1923) Confederate brigadier general who was severely beaten after surrendering to Union forces at the Battle of Nashville on December 16, 1864. The resulting brain injuries eventually drove Smith to insanity, and he spent the last 47 years of his life in an asylum. Rare, war date D.S. 'T. B. Smith' as Colonel of 20th Tennessee Regiment, 1p. 8vo., [n.p.], March 19, 1863, a requisition form for one day's rations for Gen. WILLIAM PRESTON'S (1816-1887) brigade including '400 rations of Bacon in lieu of the Mess Beef that was condemned by the inspector.' Preston co-signs the document adding the rank of brigadier general. Smith's signature is light but still discernable. Toned with scattered ink stains.

Lot: 1411 - THOMAS C. HINDMAN

(1828 - 1868) Confederate major general, commanded the Trans-Mississippi Department and 'Hindman's Legion', fled to Mexico after the war. Returned to the U.S. to be assassinated at his Arkansas home by unknown assailants. Clipped signature from the conclusion of a war date A.L.S., 3 x 1.5 in.: 'Respectfully truly, T.C. Hindman Maj, Gen.' Light ink stains, else fine.

Lot: 1412 - THOMAS DRAYTON

(1809-1891) Confederate brigadier general, brother of Union Naval Officer Percival Drayton, saw action at Antietam, Second Bull Run, and Port Royal. A.L.S. 'Th. F. Drayton', 1p. 4to., Flat Rock, 1837, to the editor of the Globe, in full: 'Please send my paper to me at Ashville...' Expertly inlaid to another sheet. Fine condition.

Lot: 1413 - THOMAS J. CHURCHILL

(1824-1905) Confederate brigadier general who served in the Western and Trans-Mississippi theaters of the war, later a Governor for Arkansas. A.L.S., 1p. 8vo., Arkansas, Sept. 19, 1891, to Ben W. Austin sending thanks for being elected into his society. In full: '...I appreciate the honor of being elected an honorary member of your society. Please tender my thanks for the same and with sentiments of my high regard and esteem...' Tipped to a larger sheet. Fine condition.

Lot: 1414 - THOMAS J. WOOD

THOMAS J. WOOD (1823 - 1906) Union major general who fought at Chickamauga and with Sherman at Atlanta and Franklin. Good content A.L.S., 2pp. 4to., Austin, Oct. 11, 1851 to his tailors. Wood orders: '...One uniform frock coat for a 1st Lieutenant of 2d Dragoons One pair of uniform pants for the same officer One uniform cap...to be made of the very best material, and the work executed in the very best style...' Wood repeatedly insists that the quality must be the very best otherwise the order is not to be undertaken. Ironically, he also encloses a uniform order for 'Lt. S. B. Buckner' who is of course future Confederate Major General SIMON BOLIVAR BUCKNER(1823-1914) who during the Civil War led his division at Perryville, Knoxville, and in an abortive support of forces in the Trans- Mississippi. The pair were childhood friends and would be pitted against each other at Chickamauga and Chattanooga. Had the Confederates left Munfordville in September 1862, the two would have met in battle on their old playground!

Lot: 1415 - THOMAS JEFFERSON MCKEAN

THOMAS JEFFERSON MCKEAN (1810-1870) Union brigadier general who held a variety of positions during the war including a paymaster, a commander of cavalry, and a commandant of prisoner of war camps. Good content war date A.L.S, 1p. 4to., Pittsburgh, April 19th, 1862, to an adjutant general named N. McLewis[?] tendering his resignation. In part: '...I respectfully tender the Major General commanding the department my resignation as Brig. Genl. Of Vols. My health is not such as to enable me to discharge my duties in a manner satisfactory to myself...' Light ink show through, else fine. McKean would be reinstated to duty a few months later as a divisional commander in the Army of the Tennessee and served at the Battle of Corinth

Lot: 1416 - THOMAS L. CLINGMAN

(1812-1897) Confederate brigadier general who fought at Dewry's Bluff, Cold Harbor, and Bentonville. Also U.S. Congressman and Senator. Black ink signature on a 4 x 2 in. slip cut from a letter, mounted. Fine condition.

Lot: 1417 - THOMAS L. CLINGMAN

(1812-1897) Confederate brigadier general who fought at Dewry's Bluff, Cold Harbor, and Bentonville. Also U.S. Congressman and Senator. War-date ink signature as brigadier general on a 4 x 2 in. slip cut from a document. Scattered small stains, else fine

Lot: 1418 - THOMAS P. DOCKERY

(1833-1898) Confederate brigadier general who served in the Western and Trans-Mississippi theaters of the war, captured following the Siege of Vicksburg but later paroled. A.L.S., 1p. 8vo., New York, May 28, 1888, to Gen. Marcus J. Wright (1831-1922) Confederate brigadier general who was appointed by the War Department years after the war to collect Confederate military records, noting: ‘…my old Army papers and records are down at my old home in Arkansas. I have no photographs of myself with me now in uniform…' Expertly inlaid, fine condition

Lot: 1419 - THOMAS R. R. COBB

(1823-1862) Confederate brigadier general, brother of Howell Cobb, served in the Maryland campaign and was killed in action at the Battle of Fredericksburg. Initialed handwritten postal cover 'T.R.R.C.' to his brother, Gen. Howell Cobb. Very good

Lot: 1420 - UNION ADMIRALS (4)

UNION ADMIRALS (4) A war date order featuring the signatures of four prominent admirals in the Union navy, 1p. 4to., 'Flag Ship Philadelphia', December 20, 1863, recommending a promotion for Joseph Batchelder, an engineer aboard the USS Ironsides, signed by JOHN DAHLGREN (1809-1870). The verso bears endorsements additionally signed by admirals STEPHEN C. ROWAN (1808-1890), GEORGE BALCH (1821-1908), and RICHARD W. MEADE. Slightly toned with some ink show through.

Lot: 1421 - WESLEY MERRITT

(1836 - 1910) U.S. Army general who served in the cavalry during the Civil, American Indian, Spanish-American, and Philippine Wars. Also served as the first Military Governor of the Philippines. T.L.S., 1p. 4to., New York, November 3, 1899, to fellow general James G. Wilson (1832 - 1914) informing him that he will not be present at a future meeting. Partly inlaid, pin holes to the left margin.

Lot: 1422 - WILLIAM A. BUCKINGHAM

(1804 - 1875) Civil War Governor of Connecticut who worked closely with Lincoln, raising a greater than required number of volunteers, later a U.S. Senator. Two manuscript D.S., both 1p. 8.5 x 13 in., New Haven, 1859 and 1862, appointing A. Lewis Bishop as a Commissioner of Deeds in the state. Co-signed by two Connecticut Secretaries of State JOHN BOYD (1799-1881)and JOHN H. TRUMBULL (1821-1897). Fine. Accompanied by two A.L.S.'s on executive department letterhead, both 1p. 4to., Connecticut, 1859 and 1862, to A. Lewis Bishop transmitting the appointment documents. Adhesive stains on versos from being mounted, else fine. Four pieces.

Lot: 1423 - WILLIAM C. WICKHAM

(1820 - 1888) Confederate cavalry general who fought at Chancellorsville, Brandy Station and Gettysburg, later participated in the Hampton Roads Conference. Cut signature 'W.C. Wickham' on a 3.25 x 1.5 in. slip. Fine condition.

Lot: 1424 - WILLIAM E. 'GRUMBLE' JONES

WILLIAM E. 'GRUMBLE' JONES (1824 – 1864) Confederate cavalry general serving under J.E.B. Stuart. After disagreements with Stuart, Jones's brigade was set to guarding supply lines and unavailable during a crucial juncture of the Gettysburg Campaign when Lee suffered from a lack of capable reconnaissance cavalry. As the personality clash between Jones and Stuart escalated, Jones faced charges for impertinence, and was transferred to separate him from Stuart. Jones was killed leading a counter-attack in the 1864 Battle of Piedmont. Scarce pre-war D.S., 1p. 4to., Fort Ewell, Texas, [July, 1853], a return of Forage fed to Public Animals', a substantial quantity of oats, corn and hay fed to military horses and teams of oxen, signed at bottom by Junes who adds rank as second lieutenant. Fine.

Lot: 1425 - WILLIAM E. JONES

(1824 - 1864) Confederate brigadier general of cavalry who had a reputation of being fractious towards superiors, especially J.E.B. Stuart. Killed in action while leading a counterattack at the Battle of Piedmont. A.E.S. on a Texas fort document, 1p. 4to., Fort Merrill, January 1, 1853, an invoice of subsistence stores for 'Lieut. A. McRae.' Jones signs an endorsement on the verso. Co-signed by future Union officer ALEXANDER MCRAE (1829 - 1862) who would be killed in action at the Battle of Valverde. Lightly toned, else fine.

Lot: 1426 - WILLIAM F. PERRY

WILLIAM F. PERRY (1823 - 1901) Confederate brigadier general, joined the 44th Alabama Infantry Regiment as a private but quickly was promoted to major, then colonel. Led the 44th Alabama in Hood's division's general attack on the left flank of the Union Army line on Cemetery Hill and Little Round Top, near Devil's Den, on the second day at Gettysburg. He eventually took and held that position. After exercising brigade command for almost nine months in 1864 and early 1865, Perry was promoted to brigadier general near the end of the war. Rare A.L.S., 1p. 8vo., Bowling Green, Aug. 10, 1892 regretting he had neglected his correspondent's request and sending cards and his photograph (not present). Light uneven toning, trimmed at top and bottom margins with a corner chip, still very good.

Lot: 1427 - WILLIAM G. M. DAVIS

(1812 - 1898) Confederate brigadier general who fought in the Army of the Tennessee for most of the war, later ran a fleet of blockage runners between Wilmington and Nassau. Lengthy A.L.S., 5pp. 4to., Tallahassee, May 25, 1853, to an unknown individual but likely a lawyer, regarding court proceedings and sale deadlines related to a piece of real estate he is buying. Minor ink show through, else fine condition.

Lot: 1428 - WILLIAM H. EMORY

WILLIAM H. EMORY (1811 - 1887) Union major general, a brigade commander in the Army of the Potomac in 1862, and was transferred to the Western Theater. He later commanded a division in the Port Hudson campaign. He subsequently returned to the East as the commander of the Nineteenth Corps, serving in all the major battles in the Shenandoah Valley Campaign of 1864, especially at the Battle of Cedar Creek. Excellent content manuscript D.S. with holograph initialed postscript, 8pp. 4to., Cumberland, Md., May 28, 1865, Emory's signed retained copy of a letter sent to Gen. C. C. Augur, then Recorder of the Board of General Officers. Emory sets forth in great detail his military record during the war, including his capture of the first Confederate prisoners of the war at Wachita, service on the Peninsula, Red River Campaign, etc. The document also bears copies of the endorsements of generals Franklin, Banks and Sheridan.

Lot: 1429 - WILLIAM H. PAYNE

(1830-1904) Confederate brigadier general who as colonel in Stuart's ride around the Union army during the Gettysburg campaign was wounded and captured. Later he commanded forces at 3rd Winchester and Cedar Creek. A.L.S., 1p. 4to., Warrington, April 3, 1891, to Jasper L. Fleming regarding an invitation he received. In part: '...Thanks for your cordial invitation to do honor to Wade Hampton. It is an honor to be remembered and appreciated with such an event...I trust to see Carolina redeem the shame she has brought upon herself. Her face should be turned to the wall until the terrible delusion which distorted her...has gone away. I can come if I will come...' Fine condition. Like Payne, Hampton turned away from his Confederate past, much to the chagrin of his former comrades in arms.

Lot: 1430 - WILLIAM H. POWELL

WILLIAM H. POWELL (1825 – 1904) Union brigadier general, began his service as a captain, and quickly ascended to higher roles in the cavalry, including commanding a regiment, a brigade, and then a division. Awarded the Medal of Honor for heroism at Sinking Creek, Virginia, when, as leader of a group of 22 men, he captured an enemy camp and took over 100 prisoners without the loss of a single man. Good content war-date A.L.S. as Colonel, 2nd WV Cav., 1p. 4to, 'Camp Piatt', June 25, 1863 to Union Gen. ELIAKIM P. SCAMMON at Charleston, West Virginia advising him of actions taken on behalf of Colonel J.C. Paxton, whom Scammon had had dismissed from the service. In part: '...I learn through a very reliable source that Hon. Lowry, Speaker of the House in Penn. intends making an effort toward re-instating Col. J.C. Paxton, in the Service and that said Lowry to my own personal knowledge has written a letter to Benj [sic] Stanton Secy. of War [Edwin Stanton was Secretary of War and Benjamin Stanton was a M.C. from Ohio] claiming that great injustice has been done Paxton by you, in causing his dismissal from the service...' Some uneven toning, wear to the top margin and a pencil note at bottom, else very good.

Lot: 1431 - WILLIAM HARVIE RICHARDSON

(1795-1876) Confederate brigadier general, career U.S. Army officer, War of 1812 veteran, Secretary of the Commonwealth of Virginia. War date A.L.S., 1p. 4to., [n.p.], Sept 15, 1863, to Major F. H.[?] Archer informing him of the disbanding of his battalion. In part: '...Your battalion is simply discharged from military[?] service of the Confederate States...I regret my inability to supply the pay rolls you require...but they surely can be obtained...of the pay department...' Fine condition. We suspect this letter was sent to Petersburg mayor and future Col. Fletcher H. Archer (1817-1902) who raised a battalion of Virginia Reserves—composed mostly of men either too young or old for regular duty—and, on June 9, 1864 helped to successfully defend the city at the ‘Battle of Old Men and Young Boys'. These volunteers fought bravely and delayed Brigadier General Augustus V. Kautz's Federal cavalry brigade that attacked along the Jerusalem Plank Road (now South Crater Road). Out of Archer's 125 men, 75 became casualties, including 15 killed in action.

Lot: 1432 - WILLIAM HAYS

WILLIAM HAYS (1819 - 1875) Union brigadier general. As a lieutenant colonel, Hays commanded a brigade of horse artillery under Henry Hunt, serving with distinction at the Battle of Seven Pines. He commanded artillery at Antietam, Fredericksburg,and Chancellorsville, where he was wounded and captured with almost his entire staff. Fighting at Gettysburg, he assumed command of II Corps late on July 3rd and led the corps throughout the summer of 1863.War-date signed endorsement as brigadier general on the verso of a D.S., 1p. folio, a return of Quartermaster Stores for the 1st Regiment, N.Y. Artillery, Alexandria, Va., May 22, 1865, listing harness sets, chains, etc. Hays' endorsement notes that these stores have been condemned and 'will be disposed of as recommended...' The document is also signed by Major R. BRUCE RICKETTS (1839–1918), a Union artillery officer best known for his battery's valiant defense against a Confederate attack on Cemetery Hill on the second day of the Battle of Gettysburg. Some negligible edge tears else very good.

Lot: 1433 - WILLIAM J. HARDEE

(1815 - 1873) Confederate lieutenant general who led his corps at Shiloh and Atlanta, attempted to halt Sherman's March to the Sea, quarreled sharply with Braxton Bragg and John B. Hood. War date A.N.S., 1p. with integral leaf 8vo., [n.p.], July 12, 1862, to fellow general Benjamin F. Cheatham (1820 -1886), in full: 'We shall examine and review the acts of your division tomorrow. Will you be there?' Light toning with a few ink stains, expertly inlaid. Accompanied by an engraving of Hardee.

Lot: 1434 - WILLIAM L. BRANDON

(1802-1890) Confederate brigadier general who saw action at Gettysburg, Chickamauga, and Malvern Hill where he was seriously injured and lost a leg. A.L.S., 1p. 4to., Arcole Plantation, March 25, 1887, responding to a request for a picture. In part: '...my portrait has never been engraved to my knowledge but once...I send a photograph taken in 1865 after the surrender. It is well preserved except the uniform which has faded. If you can use this and succeed in procuring an engraving I would be greatly obliged...' Mounting remnants on verso, else fine.

Lot: 1435 - WILLIAM L. CABELL

(1827-1911) Confederate brigadier general who served under P.G.T. Beauregard and Joseph Johnston. Saw action at Corinth, Hatchie's Bridge, and Price's Missouri expedition during which he was captured. Black ink signature adding rank on a small slip

Lot: 1436 - WILLIAM L. CABELL

(1829 - 1911) Confederate brigadier general of cavalry who served under Van Dorn in the Trans-Mississippi and was later captured while leading his brigade at Marais des Cygnes. A.L.S. on ‘Sterling Price Camp' Confederate veterans' organization letterhead, 1p. 4to., Dallas, April 20, 1892, to Gen. Lawrence S. Ross (1838-1898), Confederate brigadier general and later Governor of Texas, responding to a request for a list of all the camps in Texas that he served at during the war. Moderate ink spotting. Accompanied by another A.L.S., 1p. 4to. Dallas, April 30, 1892, written by Cabell's son transmitting the list requested as he claims his father broke his hand and cannot write. Fine.

Lot: 1437 - WILLIAM M. BROWNE

(1823-1883) Temporary Confederate brigadier general and Secretary of State, personal aid to Jefferson Davis. War date, good content A.L.S. on official C.S.A. executive department letterhead, 1p. 4to., Richmond, Nov. 19, 1863, to Governor of Georgia JOSEPH E. BROWN (1821-1894) relaying messages from Jefferson Davis. In part: '...It was his excellency's purpose that the troops for local defense should not be...detained in camp, but that they should be relieved from duty as far as circumstances would permit. He had hoped that he had made you aware that such was his purpose; that he fully recognized the importance of the agricultural interests, and that he desired to secure the largest practical crops...he has referred your letter with the paper enclosed tot eh Secretary of War...' Very fine condition. Despite being an ardent secessionist, Governor Brown resisted many of the Confederacy's wartime policies, including the draft as well as sending local troops and supplies to a national army when he believed they belonged to Georgia. He often denounced Davis as a tyrant and led the way for other governors to resist the same policies. This disorganization and tension between governors and the administration in Richmond would be one of the many factors that led to the downfall of the Confederacy.

Lot: 1438 - WILLIAM M. GARDNER

(1824 - 1901) Confederate brigadier general who was severely wounded at First Bull Run, took over the regiment commanded by Francis Bartow after he was killed, later served as chief of prisons in Virginia, Florida, and the Carolinas. War date A.L.S., 1p. 4to., Richmond, September 17, 1864, to General Braxton Bragg (1817-1876). In part: '...I have the honor to receive of your note this morning in relation to forage...the only Quartermasters over whom I have been exercising any control are Major J.H. Parchill and Captain C. Morfit...and neither of whom have anything to do with forage...Your orders shall be executed as promptly as possible...' Light toning and ink show through, else fine.

Lot: 1439 - WILLIAM N. R. BEALL

(1825-1883) Confederate brigadier general known for his efforts to supply Confederate prisoners of war. Manuscript D.S., 1p. 4to., Texas, 1854, an account of provisions for an army regiment under the command of Daniel Ruggles (1810-1897), Confederate brigadier general known for his command at the Battle of Shiloh, then a colonel in the U.S. Army, signed by Beall as a second lieutenant. Toned, else fine.

Lot: 1440 - WILLIAM NELSON

WILLIAM NELSON (1824 - 1862) U.S. naval officer who became a Union major general. Nelson's 4th Division bore the brunt of heavy fighting at the Battle of Shiloh and took part in the Siege of Corinth. Mortally wounded by Gen. Jefferson C. Davis in a duel. Rare war-date signature cut from a document, adding rank as major general. Fine.

Lot: 1441 - WILLIAM PORCHER MILES

WILLIAM PORCHER MILES (1822 - 1899) Confederate Congressman and military officer, served as a colonel on Beauregard's staff, and prior to the war was mayor of Charleston. Rare, fascinating content war date A.L.S., 3pp. 8vo., Richmond, March 4, 1864, to South Carolina governor Milledge Luke Bonham (1813-1890) discussing a RUMOR THAT CONFEDERATE CABINET MEMBERS ARE FIXING THE COTTON TRADE. In part: '...I send you a letter from Major Bayne, in charge of the general subject of the exportation of Cotton, which I think will be satisfactory. Upon the receipt of your telegram, I immediately took it to him and begged him to give me an explanation of the matter. I have perfect confidence in his statement and do not think there is any reason to suppose that any insidious distinction has been made between any of the states...Messrs. Furman and Porter...have (especially the former) got the impression, certainly erroneous, that Mr. [James] Seddon has somehow or other played false with them. It is a pity that none of us know the connection of the Navy Dept. with the matter. Mr. Seddon should have mentioned it... allow the state a share of such trips as the War Dept. controlled...we were, and not unnaturally, under the impression that the War Dept. controlled the entire matter as it did at the beginning...It seems strange that the Gov't agents at Wilmington...should not have explained to Mr. Furman that Wilmington and not Richmond decided whether a particular trip was the property of (or could be assigned by) Mr. Mallory or Mr. Seddon...Poor Garnett!... It has been a terrible blow to me indeed...' Slightly toned with scattered foxing, else fine. 'Major Bayne' refers to Thomas L. Bayne who was the head of the Bureau of Foreign Supplies, a Confederate agency established in the last year of the war, that was responsible for purchasing and exporting cotton to fund the war effort. 'Furman and Porter' were likely plantation owners or cotton traders. This letter implies rumors were present in the late stages of the war that Confederate officials, such as Secretary of War James Seddon and Secretary of Navy Stephen Mallory, were able to control which cargos of cotton received naval escorts, and thus put themselves at a tremendous advantage over competitors. The cotton trade was the South's largest stream of revenue, and all members of the Confederate elite likely did everything in their power to stay wealthy through the years of war. Seddon himself was a planation owner and had a large stake in the trade. Finally, 'Garnett' likely refers to Muscoe Garnett (1821-1864) a Confederate Congressman from Virginia who died a few weeks prior to this from typhoid fever.

Lot: 1442 - WILLIAM PRESTON

(1816-1887) Confederate brigadier general who was brother-in-law to Albert S. Johnston, U.S. Congressman prior to the war. Later served in multiple diplomatic positions. Fine content A.L.S., 2pp. 8vo., [n.p., n.d ], to a ‘Lawton' inviting him to dinner. In part: '...I hope you will give me to pleasure of meeting Gen. Twiggs formally at my house at dinner on Wednesday at 5 o'clock. I am now on the eve of leaving for the country...' David E. Twiggs (1790-1862), later a Confederate major general, was the oldest serving general. Expertly inlaid to a larger sheet. Fine condition.

Lot: 1443 - WILLIAM R. BOGGS

(1829-1911) Confederate brigadier general known for being a proficient civil engineer, constructed fortifications that protected some of the South's most important ports such as Savannah, Charleston, and Pensacola. Close cut black ink signature cut from a document, 2.5 x 1 in. Mounted. Fine condition.

Lot: 1444 - WILLIAM RANSOM CALHOUN

(1827-1862) Confederate colonel of the 1st South Carolina Artillery, nephew of secessionist John C. Calhoun, killed in a duel with another officer at Fort Sumter. Extremely rare signature 'W.R. Calhoun' in black ink as a West Point cadet on a 2.5 x 1.5 in slip of paper cut from an album page, adding his hometown 'Pendleton S.C.' Very good.

Lot: 1445 - WILLIAM RUFFIN COX

(1832 - 1919) Confederate brigadier general wounded five times at Chancellorsville, commanded a regiment at the Wilderness and Cedar Creek, later a U.S. Congressman and Secretary of the Senate. A.L.S., 1p. 8vo., Penelo, Sept 9, 1906, to an unknown general responding to a request for information on: ‘…the cost of collecting information in this State in regard to the soldiers of the Confederate Army…', and saying he is unable to offer any assistance. Small tear on the verso from mounting, else fine.

Lot: 1446 - WILLIAM S. HARNEY

(1800-1889) U.S. Army officer known for his service in the Indian and Mexican American wars. Later he helped save Missouri for the Union, but his brokered peace with Sterling Price was rejected. Recalled to Washington, he was captured by Confederates at Harper's Ferry on April 25, 1861. He was offered a command by General Robert E. Lee but turned down the offer. Rare, early war date A.L.S. as brigadier general, 1p. 4to., St. Louis, July 23, 1861, to Secretary of War Joseph Holt (1807-1894) requesting an appointment. In part: '...I have the honor to request that Captain Alfred Pleasanton be assigned to duty in this Department of the West temporarily as Acting Inspector General. There is no department which requires an inspector more than this, and there is no officer better qualified...' Expertly inlaid to a sheet, slightly toned else fine. Accompanied by an engraving of Harney. Alfred Pleasanton (1824-1897) served as a Union major general and was known for his command of cavalry. He would serve with distinction at Antietam, Chancellorsville, Fredericksburg, and Gettysburg, and played a role in defeating Sterling Price (a close relative of Harney's during his 1864 campaign - effectively ending the war in Missouri.

Lot: 1447 - WILLIAM SMITH

(1796 - 1887) 'Extra Billy' Confederate major general who led at Bull Run, on the Peninsula and at Antietam, and as Governor-elect of Virginia took time to lead a regiment at Gettysburg. At his appointment in January of 1863, Smith was the oldest Confederate general to hold a field command in the war. Cut signature 'Wm. Smith' with rank of major general on a 3.5 x 1.5 in. slip. Toned with slight ink staining.

Lot: 1448 - WILLIAM T. MARTIN

WILLIAM T. MARTIN (1823 - 1910) Confederate major general, served in J.E.B. Stuart's brigade during the Peninsular Campaign, seeing action at the Battle of Williamsburg; the Battle of Seven Pines; as well as Stuart's circumnavigation of the Union army while it stood on the doorsteps of Richmond. War-date signature adding rank as brigadier general. Mounted.

Lot: 1449 - WILLIAM VANDEVER

WILLIAM VANDEVER (1817 - 1893) Union brigadier general who saw action at Vicksburg, Kennesaw Mountain, Atlanta, and Bentonville. Later served as a Congressman from Iowa. War date A.N.S. at the bottom of a telegram sent to him, 1p. 8vo., Georgia, June 1864, the original telegram sent by Captain John Stewart asking how much forage will be necessary if he sends his command to resupply. Vandever writes and signs a note in his own hand at the bottom referring him to another to answer his question. Scattered foxing, trimmed at the top margin.

Lot: 1450 - WILLIAM W. ORME

(1832 - 1866) Union brigadier general of volunteers, commanded a brigade at the Battle of Prairie Grove, died shortly after the war from tuberculosis. Rare, war date A.L.S., 2pp. 8vo., Bloomington, April 4, 1863, to an unnamed general recommending promotions. In part: '...I have been commissioned as Brig. Genl. to rank...This will make vacancies in the 94th regiment...Will you please have the vacancies filled by promotion as follows...Lt. Col. John McNulton to be Colonel...Captain Alexander T. Briscoe to be Major...I would like these commissions made out at once...' Light ink stains, expertly inlaid to a sheet.

Lot: 1451 - WILLIAM WIRT ALLEN

WILLIAM WIRT ALLEN (1835 - 1894) Confederate major general who wounded at Perryville and commanded a brigade of cavalry with Wheeler at Atlanta. Post-war A.L.S., 1p. 4to., Montgomery, Nov. 30, 1890, complies with a request for several of his signatures accomplished on cards and providing the addresses of fellow generals James Hagan, John H. Forney, and G. P. Harrison. Fine.

Lot: 1452 - WILMOT G. DE SAUSSURE

(1822-1886) Confederate brigadier general, present during the shelling of Fort Sumter, helped defend against the forces of William T. Sherman during his Carolinas Campaign. A.D.S., 1p. 4to., Charleston, April 17, 1871, stating a balance of $6000 owed to John S. Riggs by another individual and explaining that it was agreed to by both parties. Fine condition.

Lot: 1453 - XAVIER DEBRAY

(1818-1895) French Confederate brigadier general who served most notably during the Red River Campaign. A.L.S. 2p. 4to., Austin, Dec. 1, 1883, to Gen. Marcus J. Wright (1831-1922), Confederate brigadier general who was appointed by the War Department years after the war to collect Confederate military. DeBray responds to Wright's request for documents while giving him a summary of his career and movements during the war, including service at Galveston under Magruder. Partly inlaid, with binding holes to the left margin.

Lot: 1454 - ZACHARIAH C. DEAS

(1819-1882) Confederate brigadier general who served as an aide to Joseph Johnston, and served with distinction in the Kentucky, Atlanta, and Carolinas campaigns. A.E.S. 'Z. C. Deas' as brigadier general under Johnston, Jan. 17, 1865, 3 x 3 in., mounted. Toned a bit, a few stray ink marks, else very good.

Lot: 1455 - WILLIAM WING LORING

WILLIAM WING LORING 1818 – December 30, 1886) Confederate Major General, defended against the Yazoo Pass Expedition, defended east Mississippi from William T. Sherman during the Meridian Campaign, then fought at Atlanta, Franklin, Nashville, and in the Carolinas. Manuscript D.S. as lieutenant colonel,1p. 4to., 1849, an order making payment to a man for 'driving cattle' on behalf of the army. Fine.

Lot: 1456 - WLODZIMIERZ KRZYZANOWSKI

WLODZIMIERZ KRZYZANOWSKI (1824 – 1887) Polish-American Union Brigadier General, recruited a company of Polish immigrants, and became colonel of the 58th New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment, listed in the official Army Register as the "Polish Legion". At Gettysburg, Krzyzanowski helped repel an evening assault by the famed Louisiana Tigers on the Union defenses atop East Cemetery Hill. Rare A.L.S., 1p.8vo., New York, May 26, 1885 to a fellow officer. In part: '...I transmit you the sketches of Amsberg[?] and myself such as I could get up...I hope you will be able to make use of them as you think proper. I must here ask you have you thought[?] of my matter I requested you to speak to our General about and is there any hope?..." Expertly inlaid, fine condition.

Lot: 1457 - ORIGINAL PAINTING, 'THE GARRISON LEAVING SUMTER', BY THEODORE RUSSELL DAVIS

Outstanding original Civil War illustration in ink and ink wash, entitled 'The Garrison Leaving Sumter, April 14th 1861' and providing a somber depiction of the evacuation of Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor following the Confederate bombardment of that position, the opening action of the Civil War, on April 12, 1861. The 7 .25 x 5.5 in. painting is mounted to 10.5 x 7.75 cardboard mount. It shows the garrison marching out of the fort amid the rubble and ruin of the attack, led by drummers and fifers, as officers look on. The illustration was executed by noted Civil War illustrator THEODORE RUSSELL DAVIS (1840-1894), with his minute artist's monogram at bottom left. The illustration was almost certainly executed for 'Harper's Weekly', for whom Davis worked as a staff artist, and the image is affixed to a publisher's mount, with the title inscribed in ink beneath the piece at left. A highly atmospheric image, immediately evocative of the somber tone of this crushing Union defeat. Corners of the mount have creases and small chips, else fine condition and a beautiful piece for framing. Ex: Sotheby's and Doyle Galleries.

Lot: 1458 - U.S.S. AUGUSTA SAVES ESCAPING SLAVE, CHASES BLOCKADE RUNNERS

U.S.S. AUGUSTA SAVES ESCAPING SLAVE, CHASES BLOCKADE RUNNERS Fine content Union sailor's letter, 2pp. legal folio, 'U.S. Steamer Augusta Off Charleston', May 22, 1963. Sailor Pardon Spencer writes his cousin, in part: '...On the seventh of April our Iron vessels undertook too much and had to retire. It was a grand sight to see the many shells bursting and hear the whistling of the rebels rifle shot as they come broadside after broadside on our little monitors...Our vessel was just out of range and I never experienced such a feeling before as our little Monitors advanced in to the hottest fire this world ever saw...We captured a contraband two weeks ago. We saw him early in the morning at some distance from our ship. We sent a boat after him. He was in a small boat with one oar as he don't count as prize money...He is a splendid nigger, neck about six inches long , with a head like a cannon swab, a very intelligent nig for he said that our Iron clads hurt the feelings of Fort Sumter very much...English steamers continue to run the blockade. Sometimes we fetch one up with a round torso. It is quite exciting to slip our anchor in a dark night and after the rebels. We fired into a vessel last night. This morning we saw her sunk on the beach. She is a three masted steamer..She is close under the rebel batteries where we dare not go. She was running out being loaded with cotton. The rebels began to get the cotton out of her when one of our gunboats put a stop to their labors by throwing shells amongst them...We will go to Port Royal this week for coal, but there is nothing there but soldiers and negros. I saw one white woman this last time I was there. She had only one eye and perhaps a wooden leg...' Fine condition. Undoubtedly the slave had stolen the boat in Charleston with the hope he could paddle to the Union blockaders...and freedom.

Lot: 1459 - 'THEIR LIMBS WERE TORN FROM THEM AND THEIR ENTRAILS WERE HANGING OUT...'

'THEIR LIMBS WERE TORN FROM THEM AND THEIR ENTRAILS WERE HANGING OUT...' Incredible content Union soldier's letter, 8pp. 8vo., 'Headquarters Hamilton's Division Jamison's Brigade', Apr. 18, 1862. First Sgt.Thomas C. Zahniser of the 57th Pa. Vols. writes a graphic letter letter to friends at the start of the Peninsula Campaign, describing intense combat and horrific death. In part: '...I wrote at

Lot: 1460 - (BATTLE OF THE MONITOR AND MERRIMAC) USS MINNESOTA SAILOR'S LETTER

(BATTLE OF THE MONITOR AND MERRIMAC) USS MINNESOTA SAILOR'S LETTER A great content war date letter written by a Union sailor named C. E. Noyes who served aboard the USS Minnesota and was present during the Battle of Hampton Roads, also known as the Battle of the Monitor and Merrimac, 1p. 8vo., Norfolk, October 1, 1862 to a fellow soldier discussing events of the battle and his current situation. In part: '...We are lying at Newport News now in sight of Fortress Monroe and about 20 miles for Norfolk at the mouth of the James River where the Cumberland was sunk and the Congress burned up. There is another Merrimac up to Richmond far superior to the old one and they have got six iron clad steamers to come down and we do not know how soon they will come down but when they do they will meet a warm reception. The Monitor, Galena and New Ironsides are here besides several gun boats and our selves. We have taken our anchor chain and ironclad the ship, so that a shot will not go into our boilers so we can stand fight some time now...I went to the Admiral the other day to see about going north to get liberty. He sayed he would write on to Washington and do all in his power to get us liberty...' Slight tears along creases, toning. Noyes statement about 'going north to get liberty' suggests the possibility that he was an African American liberated from Confederate occupied land. The Battle of Hampton Roads took place on March 8th and 9th 1862 when the Confederate ironclad 'CSS Virginia', fashioned out of the former USS Merrimac, engaged Union battleships at the mouth of the James River. The USS Minnesota would eventually run aground due to its incessant fire and close proximity to the banks, while other Union ships such as the Cumberland and Congress, mentioned in the letter, were both sunk by the Virginia. The USS Galena and New Ironsides were two other Union ironclads. By the next day the USS Monitor arrived and the famous battle between the two ironclads ensued, during which tugboats were able to save the USS Minnesota. Despite both sides claiming victory after the battle, modern historians generally regard the engagement as a draw.

Lot: 1461 - 124TH NEW YORK 'ORANGE BLOSSOMS' CDV AND DOCUMENT GROUP

124TH NEW YORK 'ORANGE BLOSSOMS' CDV AND DOCUMENT GROUP Good lot of four items concerning Pvt. John Thompson of the 124th New York Vols. ('Orange Blossoms'), wounded in action at Chancellorsville and taken POW at Petersburg, in 1864. Included is a carte de visite photograph of Johnson in uniform, standing, unmarked, a bit soiled and faded; an 1871 Invalid Pension Agency order that he must be examined by a U.S. Pension Surgeon; an 1870 letter from the same agency sending Thompson $89.82, and the business card opf a U.S. Pension Surgeon. Four pieces.

Lot: 1462 - 12TH RHODE ISLAND COMPANY MORNING REPORTS JOURNAL

12TH RHODE ISLAND COMPANY MORNING REPORTS JOURNAL Bound volume "Company Morning Reports Twelve Months Company E, 12th Regt R.I. Vols.', 38pp. 11 x 14.5 in., covering the period from October, 1862 to June, 1863. 12th Rhode Island saw service between October, 1862 and July, 1863. It was engaged at Fredericksburg, in Burnsides' 'Mud March', On duty at Lexington, Winchester, Boonsboro, Richmond, Paint Lick and Lancaster, Ky., and guarded fords of the Cumberland River. The journal shows the initial strength of the company at Camp Stevens, shows men wounded and discharged following the Battle of Fredericksburg, the 'Mud March' and all other company movements, monthly muster rolls, those hospitalized or dead from disease, etc. Front cover is battered a bit with smoke stains, contents are good to very good overall.

Lot: 1463 - 46TH NORTH CAROLINA CONGRESSIONAL ELECTION RETURN

46TH NORTH CAROLINA CONGRESSIONAL ELECTION RETURN War-date manuscript D.S., 1p. 8vo., 'near Brandy Station, Va.', Oct. 29, 1863, the vote tally of seven members of Co. A of the 46th North Carolina for Confederate congressional candidate J. G. Ramsay as submitted by inspectors who sign at conclusion. An unusual document, a tad light else very good.

Lot: 1464 - 46TH NORTH CAROLINA CONGRESSIONAL ELECTION RETURN

46TH NORTH CAROLINA CONGRESSIONAL ELECTION RETURN War-date manuscript D.S., 1p. 8vo., 'near Brandy Station, Va.', Oct. 29, 1863, the vote tally of seven members of Co. A of the 46th North Carolina for Confederate congressional candidate J. G. Ramsay as submitted by inspectors who sign at conclusion. An unusual document, a tad light else very good.

Lot: 1465 - C.S.A. PROVIDES CLOTHING TO FREE BLACK LABORERS

C.S.A. PROVIDES CLOTHING TO FREE BLACK LABORERS Rare partly-printed war-date D.S., 1p. 8vo., [Atlanta Arsenal], Atlanta, May 1, 1864, a 'Form 40 - Special Requisition' in which Col. Moses H. Wright, commanding, orders five sets of clothing for freedmen employed at the facility. He notes: 'The negroes requiring the above clothing are hired by the Government with the agreement to furnish clothing...' Also signed by A.A.G. J.R. Jones, wounded at Murfreesboro, and twice by Wright. These men were undoubtedly freedmen, as slaves were always referred to as such, and were hired directly from their masters.

Lot: 1466 - GRAPHIC SOLDIER INTERRACIAL SEX LETTER

GRAPHIC SOLDIER INTERRACIAL SEX LETTER Very graphic Union soldier's letter describing interracial sex, 4pp. 8vo., 'Redoubt Converse, Spring Hill, Virginia', Oct. 11, 1864 in which George Reifsnyder of the 3rd Pa. Artillery writes his cousin Yetter. With Christian Commission envelope - about the only thing Christian about this lot. Reifsnyder opens his letter complaining about the lack of correspondence between him and his cousin, continuing: '...Today is election day & everybody is very anxious to see how the thing is settled...you ought to be here & hear the roaring cannon...if ole Butler does the right thing, we will be home for Christmas. How is all the girls getting along? Do you ever get any grouse [sex]? Plenty of it here but it is black strap [with ex-slaves]. It won't split. I had a gay old fuck the other day of the ugliest nigger wench ever lived but it was bully. There was a prty out stealing sweet potatoes last night & we had a bully breakfast but other days we have nothing but a little stinking sow belly or salt horse...How is that dear friend of mine getting along that lives in the Hotel?...' Signed with initials but his full name was penciled on the cover by the recipient. A tad light.

Lot: 1467 - HILLSBORO MILITARY ACADEMY STUDENT FIGHTS FOR CONFEDERACY

HILLSBORO MILITARY ACADEMY STUDENT FIGHTS FOR CONFEDERACY Great content war-date letter of Hillsboro Military Academy cadet Meriwether Lewis to his sister 'Fannie', 2pp. 4to., Hillsboro, NC, Mar. 3 [n.y., late 1864]. Lewis describes being pressed into service to guard Yankee prisoners in Raleigh (40 miles from Hillsboro), long marches of prisoners between camps, and the hardships he has faced. In small part: '...You will see in the papers that we have been in the service. We were gone ten days...If Sherman comes into this State we will have to face himpromptly at a moment's warning, and I will have to go, or desert & be expelled...In actual service we would suffer more than the soldiers of the army...unprovided with knapsacks...we were guarding yanks...I stood guard 11 hours out of the 24, & would have nearly starved...The next day I was so weak that I was unable to support my musket...At Camp Mangum I walked guard five hours through the rain, mud, & pitchy darkness...we carried the Yankees from Camp Mangum to Goldsboro & thence to Camp Anders [over 50 miles] as a night & day of horror & suffering. I was cold, drenched to the skin, hungry & weak...I had to fast 25 hours...all the food I had was 2 raw sweet potatoes and a small piece of cold cornbread...Our officers are inexperienced...' Age toned with some light but fully legible text.

Lot: 1468 - MISCELLANEOUS CONFEDERATE DOCUMENTS (4)

MISCELLANEOUS CONFEDERATE DOCUMENTS (4) A good lot of war date Confederate documents, each 1p. 4to., various places, 1862-64, including an A.L.S. by Phillip Thieno[?] to a 'Major Vass' on Confederate letterhead transmitting money for a debt, an A.L.S. written by Joseph Daphny in Georgia to a relative regarding the estate of his Confederate brother who was killed, a D.S. by the ordnance sergeant of the 30th Georgia infantry commuting rations to Dr. Joseph Wyatt, and another D.S. by an adjutant ordering a Confederate commissioner in Mobile to disregard a previous order. Conditions vary but mostly good. Four items.

Lot: 1469 - RECEIPT FOR SLAVE WORKING ON CHARLESTON FORTIFICATIONS

RECEIPT FOR SLAVE WORKING ON CHARLESTON FORTIFICATIONS War-date partly-printed D.S., 1p. 8vo., Charleston, [n.d., but between January and October, 1862], a receipt signed by 'Sub Agent Thos. B. Pohl' for a slave received (or more likely impressed) from his owner L.A.C. Estes: '...one negro to be employed upon the Fortifications at and near the City of Charleston, by order of Major General [John c.] Pemberton...' Very good.

Lot: 1470 - THE SECOND CORPS STOCKPILES AMMUNITION AFTER THE FAILED FIRST BATTLE OF PETERSBURG

Scarce war-date document on Headquarters, Army of Potomac letterhead, 1p. 8vo., Virginia, June 9, 1864, an order given and signed by Gen. Edward Warner (1835-1905) on behalf of a 'Gen. Arm P [?]' to the Quartermaster's Department, directing them to supply an artillery group within the Second Corps '...with such ammunition as [they] may require. Send the wagons...immediately...'. Fine condition. This letter likely relates to the Union's failures in the First Battle of Petersburg on June 9, 1864, where 4,500 troops from the Army of the James failed to defeat a Confederate force of 2,500 men, many of whom were teenage boys and elderly men. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant, learning from this defeat about the feeble defenses of the important rail junction, quickly changed his objective from decisively defeating Lee's Army of Northern Virginia to conquering Petersburg instead. The siege of the city began just six days later.

Lot: 1471 - UNION PRISONERS CAPTURED BY JOHN S. MOSBY

UNION PRISONERS CAPTURED BY JOHN S. MOSBY (1833 - 1916) Confederate officer, 'The Grey Ghost' led his Partisan Rangers on numerous troublesome raids against Union forces and supply trains. A great content war-date document, 3pp. 9.25 x 11 in., [n.p.], titled 'List of prisoners captured by Lt. Col. Mosby' followed by the names, ranks, and regiments or states if known, of 71 Union soldiers captured by Mosby on February 20-22, 1864. Most are privates from Massachusetts with a few commanding officers present including Capt. G.A. Manning, and Lt. W.C. Manning. The verso bears an A.E.S. forwarding the document dated February 29th, 1864, written by HENRY B. MCCLELLAN (1840-1904), a Confederate officer who served with J.E.B. Stuart on his famous ride, and first cousin of Union General George B. McClellan. Slightly toned, scattered ink stains, a few tears along creases have been repaired with tape.

Lot: 1472 - UNION SOLDIER'S LETTER

UNION SOLDIER'S LETTER A good content war date letter, 2pp. 4to., 'In camp near Sharpsburg', October 8, 1862, written by a Union soldier named 'H. Fossings[?]' to 'My dear Molly' regarding recent events. In part: '...Men here got to be expecting to move today to our brigade whenever we fine it. I went the Gen. Porter's Hq yesterday to be introduced to my new command, the general had gone to Hagerstown for the night...the brigade was comprised altogether of Pa troops, and numerous at that...' Slightly toned with scattered stains. Given the location it is likely 'Gen. Porter' refers to Union major general Fitz John Porter (1822 - 1901) A month after this letter Porter was accused by Gen. John Pope of 'disobedience and disloyalty' and was relieved of his command.

Lot: 1473 - UNION SOLIDER'S LETTER

UNION SOLIDER'S LETTER A good content war date letter, 4pp. 8vo., Lowell[?], March 30th, 1862, written by Union soldier 'A. N.' to his 'Dear Sis' regarding recent events. In part: '...This is the last time my letters will be dated from here, for I shall go home this week...Gen. Harker is coming down to look at his command very soon...We are just beginning to have spring...The Army of the Potomac has had one falter, a hard one, a brave one, a victorious one...We are expecting daily-hourly to hear of another encounter...the 'Monitor'...they say has been repaired and is all ready for another fight...I hope and pray we may be successful...' Slightly toned, else fine condition. Accompanied by a hand addressed envelope. The Monitor and the Merrimac had battled at Hampton Bays a few weeks earlier. Charles G. Harker (1837-1864) was a Union brigadier general killed in action while leading a charge at Kennesaw Mountain. One week later would be engaged at the Battle of Shiloh.

Lot: 1474 - 'ANDERSONVILLE PRISON' LITHOGRAPH

'ANDERSONVILLE PRISON' LITHOGRAPH A rare, printed lithograph, 24 x 16 in., showing Andersonville prison as originally drawn by Thomas O'Dea, a veteran of the 16th Maine Infantry, an Andersonville prisoner. Published in New York by Henry Seibert & Bro., featuring an aerial view of the camp with locations numbered and keyed at the bottom. Bordering the main drawing are vignettes of various aspects of camp life. The caption at the bottom reads in part: 'Andersonville Prison, Camp Sumter GA, as it appeared August 1, 1864, when it contained 35,000 prisoners of a war. Drawn from memory by Thomas O'Dea...To the parents, widows, orphans, and friends of those who perished in this prison, and to the remaining survivors in this picture respectfully and fraternally dedicated.' Moderately creased with minor edge wear.

Lot: 1475 - CIVIL WAR ESCUTCHEON WITH KIA SOLDIER’S LOCK OF HAIR

CIVIL WAR ESCUTCHEON WITH KIA SOLDIER'S LOCK OF HAIR A fine colorfully printed escutcheon honoring the men of Company B. of 11th Pennsylvania Reserve Regiment, listing the names of its officers, enlisted men, teamsters, musicians, etc., 17 x 23 in., printed in Cincinnati by Ehregot Forbiger and Co., 1864. At the top are several patriotic motifs around the name of the company with more along the margins and at the bottom. Most notably featured in the list of names is Henderson C. Howard (1839-1919), a Medal of Honor recipient for his actions during the Peninsular Campaign. Housed in a plastic display with a period note honoring a 2nd Lt Archibald Stewart of Co. B who was killed in action, as well as a lock of Stewart's hair. Moderately worn with scattered tears.

Lot: 1476 - ORIGINAL GOUACHE OF NEWPORT NEWS, WEEKS AFTER VIRGINIA'S SECESSION

Original gouache of Newport News, VA, 11.75 x 8.75 in. (sight), executed by the illustrator for Frank Leslie's Weekly FRANK H. SCHNELL, showing Confederate infantrymen on a dock. Schnell signs at the lower-right in pencil, adding: 'Sketched at Newport News, VA, June 1861'. Most interestingly, this scene was sketched just one month after Virginia voted to secede from the Union. Though Schnell did not indicate which day the piece was created, it was also painted around the time of one of the earliest land battles of the Civil War, the Battle of Big Bethel, which occurred near Newport News on June 10, 1861. At this battle, the Union forces suffered 76 casualties, with 18 killed, also the occasion of the the first regular army officer killed in the war. Light spots of staining, else fine condition. Matted and framed.

Lot: 1477 - VICKSBURG 'DAILY CITIZEN' NEWSPAPER WALLPAPER EDITION

VICKSBURG 'DAILY CITIZEN' NEWSPAPER WALLPAPER EDITION Likely contemporary 'souvenir' copy of 'The Daily Citizen' newspaper issued in Vicksburg on July 2, 1863. The original paper was printed on newspaper out of a lack of newsprint and taunted Union forces. When Grant's men took the city, they seized the press and added their own blurb at bottom right: 'Two days bring about great changes, The banner of the Union floats over Vicksburg, Gen Grant has 'caught the rabbit;' he has dined in Vicksburg... The 'Citizen' lives to see it. For the last time it appears on 'Wall-paper.' No more will it eulogize the luxury of mule-meat and fricasseed kitten--urge Southern warriors to such diet never more. This is the last wall-paper edition, and is, excepting this note, from the types as we found them. It will be valuable hereafter as a curiosity.' While this is not one of the especially rare 'first editions' of the Union riposte, it is undoubtedly an early copy, and the inking and 'wallpaper' upon which it is printed appears contemporary. At top in a period hand a collector has written: 'Last print of the rebel press in Vicksburg'. Folds, else very good. A very nice early example.

Lot: 1478 - 'REVIEW OF THE MASS. VOLUNTEER MILITIA'

'REVIEW OF THE MASS. VOLUNTEER MILITIA' A large period lithograph, 46 x 29. 5 in., printed by Endicott and Co., New York, showing a vast scene of infantry, cavalry, and artillery units in formation at Concord on September 9, 1859. A mark in the bottom right shows the original artwork was done by John B. Bachelder (1825-1894). A caption below, surrounding a picture of a Concord battle monument, reads 'At Concord, Sept. 9, 1859. By his excellency (commander in chief) Nathaniel P. Banks, major General J.E. Wool, U.S.A. and the Massachusetts legislature escorted by the ancient and honorable artillery of Boston.' Toned with scattered tears, large chip missing from the top, damp stain to the right margin. Framed.

Lot: 1479 - 'SALEM ZOUAVES' PHOTO

'SALEM ZOUAVES' PHOTO A large, reprinted period photograph, 12.5 x 10 in., sepia, featuring members of the 'Salem Zouaves' (8th Massachusetts Volunteer Militia) standing in formation before the New York City Hall. Moderately toned with slight ink stains. Mounted. The 'Salem Zouaves' were a militia regiment and among the first responders to President Lincoln's call for volunteers after the shelling of Fort Sumter. While initially not seeing any action in the first months, the regiment received its name due to their uniforms which mimicked the zouave style that was popular in Europe at the time.

Lot: 1480 - 'SEABROOK MANSION' PHOTOGRAPH

'SEABROOK MANSION' PHOTOGRAPH A fine period photograph of the 'Seabrook Mansion' in North Edisto South Carolina, 8 x 6.25 in., sepia, (Concord: H.P. Moore), depicting a side view of the house with Union soldiers standing around. Affixed to a matt with the name of the building and the caption 'Present Headquarters of Acting Brigadier General E. Q. Fellows and Staff, commanding U.S. Forces, North Edisto S.C., April 7, 1862.' Handwritten inscriptions at the bottom of the mount indicate the house 'was post headquarters for about seven weeks.' Moderately toned with small tears to the matting. Edisto Island was largely abandoned by the plantation owners who inhabited it in November 1861 Afterwards, a group of escaped slaves began setting up their own refugee camps there while Confederate forces were still present. By February 1862, Union forces arrived and drove the Confederates out. They then occupied it and stationed a garrison to develop it as a staging area for future campaigns against Charleston. In June, most of the Union forces present on the island left to participate in the campaign which would culminate at the Battle of Secessionville.

Lot: 1481 - (ROBERT E. LEE)

(ROBERT E. LEE) Carte de visite photograph, a waist, up pose in uniform by the Monumental Photographic Company, Baltimore. Some soiling and light wear, still very good.

Lot: 1482 - CONFEDERATE SOLDIER CDV

CONFEDERATE SOLDIER CDV A rare carte de viste photograph, 2.5 x 3.5 in., sepia, [n.p.] 1861, full body shot in parade uniform of a Confederate soldier of the Nottaway Greys, 18th Virginia Infantry. Trimmed at the corners and housed in a black display case. The Nottaway Grays and Rifle Guards were two companies to serve in the 18th Virginia that hailed from Nottaway Co. Virginia. Both saw extensive action in the Eastern theater, most notably at the Battle of Gettysburg. The 18th Virginia was at the forefront of Pickett's Charge, and suffered heavy losses because of it eventually having their regimental flag captured by the Union.

Lot: 1483 - GEN. ALFRED N. DUFFIE C.D.V. INSCRIBED BY 1ST RHODE ISLAND MEDAL OF HONOR RECIPIENT

ALFRED N. DUFFIE (1835-1880) Union brigadier general commissioned a captain in the 2nd N.Y. Cavalry, rising through the ranks to be appointed colonel of the 1st R.I. Cavalry in July, 1862. Served with distinction at Cedar Mountain, 2nd Bull Run and at Kelly's Ford to be promoted brigadier general. Fought at Brandy Station, later captured by Mosby in October, 1864. Carte de visite photograph showing Duffie in a full standing pose with saber before his tent, likely while at 2nd Bull Run. The verso is inscribed: 'Prov. R.I. Dec. 8 1910 This picture of Alfred N. Duffie was taken when he was Colonel of 1st R.I. Cav. Vols. Probably in 1863 as he stood in the front of his tent. George N. Bliss Late Captain of Co. C 1st R.I. Cav. Vols.' Fine condition. GEORGE N. BLISS served under Duffie in the 1st R.I. Cavalry and was awarded the Medal of Honor for his actions in countering a Confederate attack at Waynesboro, Va. on Sep. 28, 1864. While in command of the provost guard in the village, he saw the Union lines in flight before the attack of a greatly superior force of the enemy, mustered his guard, and, without orders, joined in the defense and charged the enemy without support. He received three saber wounds, his horse was shot, and he was taken prisoner.

Lot: 1484 - HENRY HETH

HENRY HETH (1825 - 1899) Confederate major general who commanded the Department of East Tennessee, succeeded A.P. Hill at Chancellorsville, and commanded the division that precipitated the Battle of Gettysburg which also participated in Pickett's Charge. Unpublished prewar photograph, 7 x 9 in., sepia, seated pose in U.S. army uniform. Mounting residue at the top, trimmed at the corners, moderately toned. Sold another two period photographs, 4 x 8 in., sepia, published by Davis in Richmond, showing Heth's daughter Ann in formal attire. With related documentation.

Lot: 1485 - HUGH JUDSON KILPATRICK

HUGH JUDSON KILPATRICK (1836 - 1881) Union major general called 'Kill Cavalry' by his men, he fought at Gettysburg, and led several raids on Richmond and Jonesboro. Kilpatrick also had the dubious honor of being the first officer to be wounded in Civil War combat. Unsigned carte de visite photograph, 2.5 x 4 in., sepia, published by Brady's Portrait Gallery, New York, standing pose in uniform beside his wife. Slightly toned, else fine.

Lot: 1486 - UNION DAGUERREOTYPE CASE

Well-preserved and extremely ornate daguerreotype case, 3.25 x 3.75 in., ca. 1863, bearing black covers with excellent scrollwork to the edges, surrounding a central eagle and shield at the center. Above the eagle is a banner, reading: 'The Union and Constitution'. The case bears a daguerreotype of an unidentified man in a suit. Original button or snap closure mechanism appears absent, which does not detract. Fine condition.

Lot: 1487 - UNION NAVAL OFFICERS PHOTOGRAPH BY BRADY

UNION NAVAL OFFICERS PHOTOGRAPH BY BRADY A fine albumen photograph from prominent contemporary photographer Matthew Brady depicting eight officers of the Union Navy, 6.5 x 8.5 in., sepia, four men are seated while the rest stand, all in uniform. Some of those pictured include Gershom von Brunt, Samuel Mercer, John S. Chauncey, John Marston, and J.P. Gillis. Mounted. Scattered stains on the mount, else very good.

Lot: 1488 - UNION SOLDIER CDV

UNION SOLDIER CDV A fine carte de viste photograph, 2.5 x 4 in., sepia, featuring an unknown Union soldier in uniform in a seated pose with a long rifle at his side. Back stamped A. McCormick, Oxford, MA. Slight toning, else fine.

Lot: 1489 - UTICA CITIZEN'S CORPS PHOTO

UTICA CITIZEN'S CORPS PHOTO A large albumen print photograph, 22 x 16 in., sepia, featuring an illustration of the Utica Citizens Corps at Camp McQuade in August, 1857. Below the photo features a list of names of the individuals shown. Toned, with a few large tears, and edgewear. The city of Utica had a civilian military organization since 1808 when they formed a company after word spread that the United States and Great Britain might go to war once again. When war did start in 1812, most members joined the federal Army. During the Civil War, when Abraham Lincoln called for volunteers the members of the corps answered the government's call once again by being mustered into the 14th New York.

Lot: 1490 - ANDERSONVILLE PRISON SURVIVOR'S MEDAL

ANDERSONVILLE PRISON SURVIVOR'S MEDAL Multi-part, Civil War prison camp survivor's medal issued by the State of New York, comprised of top bar decorated with cannon and other weaponry, and the inscription: '1864/ Survivor/ 1914'. A medallion, 2 in. dia., is suspended from a silk American flag ribbon, and features an illustration on the obverse commemorating the dedication of the New York Monument at Andersonville, GA, 1914. The reverse features a relief depiction of the prison and the inscription: 'Presented to.../ by the State of New York/ in Recognition of his Heroism, Sacrifice, and Patriotism'. The medal is backed by a second silk ribbon of azure blue. Approx. 5 in. long. Very fine condition. Contained in original, silk-lined presentation box, a few small pieces of the top lid lacking. Less than 400 of these medals were struck.

Lot: 1491 - ANDERSONVILLE PRISONERS REUNION RIBBON

ANDERSONVILLE PRISONERS REUNION RIBBON Reunion ribbon worn by Civil War survivors of imprisonment at the notorious Andersonville P.O.W. camp, 2 x 6 in. silk, held in Chicago on Oct. 20, 1880. The vignette at center display and eagle with crossed rifles above an image of a prisoner lying on the ground. The scene is labeled: 'Andersonville' at top and reads: 'Death Before Dishonor' beneath. Some loss at top, minor marginal stain at lower left, else good condition.

Lot: 1492 - CAPTAIN'S SHOULDER BOARDS, 2ND MARYLAND VOLS.

CAPTAIN'S SHOULDER BOARDS, 2ND MARYLAND VOLS. Fine pair of Union officer's shoulder boards attributed to Capt. Andrew Brunner of the 2nd Maryland Infantry. The boards are in generally very good condition, the brass coils and fittings very nicely patinated, with each bearing bullion '2' and captain's bars attached to the gold fabric uppers, along with a gold eagle button. The fabric and padding within is largely intact. A previous owner attributed the shoulder boards to Capt. Andrew Brunner of the 2nd Maryland Artillery. Brunner enlisted on June 18, 1861 and was mustered into the regiment as a captain. He would have been present with the regiment at 2nd Bull Run, Antietam, and Fredericksburg before his resignation as a major on Feb. 16, 1863.

Lot: 1493 - G.A.R. PINS AND MEDALS (3)

G.A.R. PINS AND MEDALS (3) Good lot of three G.A.R. pins and medals, includes: 34th National Encampment two-piece 'Union Ex-Prisoners' medal with red silk joining top and bottom sections, pin back, 4 3/4 in. tall; 'Grand Army of the Republic' flag pin, two-piece with flag joining the sections, 1886, repair to the flag on verso, flag torn, some tarnish; and a finely-crafted, detailed star-shaped pin, 1 in. dia., with excellent enamel work, pin back. Three pieces.

Lot: 1494 - G.A.R. PRISONERS OF WAR MEDAL

G.A.R. PRISONERS OF WAR MEDAL G.A.R.-issue bronze 'Souvenir' badge issued to 'Union Ex-Prisoners of War', with an image of a reclining prisoner, a dog atop him. Two piece construction, 2 1/4 in. tall, unmarked. Very good.

Lot: 1495 - IOWA VETERAN'S P.O.W. MEDAL - THREE PRISONS

IOWA VETERAN'S P.O.W. MEDAL - THREE PRISONS Rare Iowa Union soldier's P.O.W. medal/ribbon, 3 1/4 x 1 5/8 in. overall, gilt medal with bars sewn to light blue ribbon. The bar at the top of the ribbon reads: 'IOWA SURVIVOR OF' with the bars bearing the names of the locations of the camps at which the wearer was held, namely: 'MACON', 'ANDERSONVILLE', and 'FLORENCE' Overall very good.

Lot: 1496 - A SECTION OF THE C.S.S. MERRIMAC

A SECTION OF THE C.S.S. MERRIMAC An original section of wood planking or hull taken from the famous Confederate warship, the CSs MERRIMAC, which battled the USS MONITOR to a draw at their engagement at Hampton Roads, Va. on March 9, 1862. This period 3.25 x 2.25 x .5 in. section of sturdy oak still bears a partial paper label reading: "...[PIECE O]F OAK [from] THE WAR-SHIP MERRIMAC BY INDIAN BOYS. S.C. ARMSTRONG' The 'Armstrong' referred to was Gen. Samuel Chapman Armstrong (1839-1893), a Union brigadier general who became best known as an educator, founding and becoming the first principal of the normal school for African-American and later Native American pupils in Hampton, Virginia which later became Hampton University.

Lot: 1497 - BATTLE DAMAGED UNION BOX PLATE

BATTLE DAMAGED UNION BOX PLATE A brass plate from a cartridge box carried by a Union soldier during the Civil War, 3.5 x 2 in., engraved with the letters 'US', most notably warped at the bottom and possibly damaged from a shell fragment. A tag accompanying the plate states it was recovered near the Chancellor House on the Chancellorsville battlefield in the 1970s. In 'dug' condition.

Lot: 1498 - BULLET IN WOOD FROM THE GETTYSBURG BATTLEFIELD

BULLET IN WOOD FROM THE GETTYSBURG BATTLEFIELD A large, deformed Minie ball lodged in a piece of wood recovered from a tree on the Gettysburg battlefield, about q.75 in. long overall. This relic originates from the famous 50+ year relic collection of Gettysburg resident Kenneth Brame. Brame, who also was employed by Dwight Eisenhower on his farm, had many of the objects in his collection featured in 'Gettysburg Battlefield Relics & Souvenirs' by Michael O'Donnell, and on exhibition at the Gettysburg Heritage Center. His collection was sold at near Gettysburg in October, 2021, and this piece is sold with the lot ticket (or copy), original auction flyer, and copy of the auction listing.

Lot: 1499 - CHICKAMAUGA CANNONBALL EMBEDDED IN A TREE

CHICKAMAUGA CANNONBALL EMBEDDED IN A TREE A wonderful battle relic rarely encountered today, two sections of an approx. 3 in. iron cannonball embedded in a large section of a tree trunk, with a large portion of the cannonball still visible protruding from the trunk. The entire display stands 16 1/2 in. tall, the old pine log measuring 8 in. in diameter and mounted to a finished pine base. At the midpoint of this 'war log', 2 3/4 inched of the spherical side of the iron ball remain visible. Adding to the appeals of the piece is the fact that two x-ray photographs, attached to the base, reveal yet another large fragment of the same cannonball embedded deep within the log. It seems clear that the cannonball exploded milliseconds before reaching the tree, with both sections entering the wood at the same time. The display base bears two x-ray photos of the log, and en engraved plate reading: 'Section of tree found on the September 18-20, 1863 Battlefield of Chickamauga with 2 shell fragments embedded in it. Once housed in the Gen. A. P. Stewart United Daughters of the Confederacy Hall in St. Elmo, Chattanooga, Tn.'

Lot: 1500 - CIVIL WAR ENFIELD SOCKET BAYONET

CIVIL WAR ENFIELD SOCKET BAYONET A 19th century British made socket bayonet, 22 in. blade, 25 in. overall, likely for an Enfield rifle, a dark patina on the socket yet the blade is very fine with a few nicks and spots of discoloration. British proof marks are present on the ricasso as well as the serial number '281.' Accompanied by an original black leather and brass scabbard also featuring British proof marks. Scabbard moderately oxidized with a few cracks in the leather, yet overall good condition.

Lot: 1501 - CIVIL WAR ERA GILDED EAGLE FLAG FINIAL

CIVIL WAR ERA GILDED EAGLE FLAG FINIAL Antique battle flag 'Federal Variation' eagle finial, ca. 1860s, 5 3/8 in. tall with a 7 in. wing span, gilded brass or bronze, mounted to a turned wood pedestal. This eagle retains an excellent amount of detail throughout, on the feet, wings, and feathers throughout, with much gilding still intact. It is typical of the finial used on regimental and American flags carried into battle.

Lot: 1502 - CIVIL WAR OFFICER'S SWORD

CIVIL WAR OFFICER'S SWORD A fine officers sword made by C. Roby in Chelmsford Mass, 32 in. blade, 38 in. overall, with a brass handguard, cross guard, and coiled hilt. Blade bears the Roby mark on one side of the ricasso, while the reverse is engraved 'U.S. 1865'. No nicks or dents to the blade but oxidation present. Scabbard absent.

Lot: 1503 - CIVIL WAR SOCKET BAYONET

CIVIL WAR SOCKET BAYONET A 19th century socket bayonet, 12 in. blade, 15 in. overall, likely for a Springfield rifle, a dark patina throughout with no marks present except for a 'U.S.' stamp at the ricasso. Light oxidation to the interior of the socket, yet overall fine condition.

Lot: 1504 - PRESENTATION M1860 U.S. OFFICER'S SWORD BY BENT AND BUSH

PRESENTATION M1860 U.S. OFFICER'S SWORD BY BENT AND BUSH A fine example of a presentation M1860 field officer's sword, 30 in. blade, 36 in. overall, with brass wire grip, pommel decorated with an eagle on the face and a small shield on the verso, the pommel cap and handguard decorated with a leaf design. The blade is in fine condition with no dents or nicks, and bears an acid-etched design of military motifs. The the ricasso has the maker's mark of 'Bent and Bush, Boston Mass.' The right cross guard is engraved with the name 'Capt. George H. Young' while the left has an engraving that reads 'First Prize, Co. B, Company Drill, Presented by the Class of 92', June 13, 1891.' Accompanied by an undented steel scabbard with three brass clasps and oak leaf designs. Pommel and grip are slightly loose. Swords such as this would have been worn by officers at ceremonial events and were not intended for action. Overall fine.

Lot: 1505 - M1860 U.S. OFFICER'S SWORD BY M.C. LILLEY

M1860 U.S. OFFICER'S SWORD BY M.C. LILLEY An interesting variation of a presentation M1860 field officer's sword, 30.5 in. blade, 37.5 in. overall, with brass wire grip, gilded eagle engraved pommel with intricately designed hand and knuckle guard, while the cross guard features another eagle on one side and the letters 'US' on the other. The blade is slightly discolored but bears no dents nor nick. It has an acid-etched design on both sides of military motifs including the motto 'E Pluribus Unum.' The ricasso of the blade displays the maker's mark 'M.C. Lilley and Co. Columbus OH.' Accompanied by an anodized brown scabbard with no dents or scratches, and three brass clasps and oak leaf designs. This variation of the M1860 presentation sword was often given high ranking officers to be worn at ceremonial events, and was not intended for action. Overall very good.

Lot: 1506 - UNMARKED CIVIL WAR SWORD

UNMARKED CIVIL WAR SWORD An unmarked sword appearing identical to the Ames Co. Civil War era models, 27 in. blade, 33 in. overall, with brass grip, cross guard, and pommel. A knuckle guard was also once present but now absent. Cross guard bears the stamp of '12' but none other present on the blade or hilt. Blade moderately discolored with a few dents and spots of oxidation, and grip is slightly loose.

Lot: 1507 - COLT 1861 MUSKET

Colt 1861 musket made by Colt in Hartford, 1868. Fair condition only, lacking ramrod, bras cap at forestock, and one band, eagle on percussion cap obliterated, rear flip-up sight also missing. 40-inch barrel bears two proof marks but very oxidized, especially at rear, and wood about the right sideplate ill-fitting. Mechanism in good working order. Sold strictly as is.

Lot: 1508 - CSS VIRGINIA RELIC

CSS VIRGINIA RELIC A small metal anchor fashioned from iron recovered from the Confederate ironclad CSS Virginia, which used engines recovered from the famous (scuttled) CSS Merrimack. The anchor is roughly 1 x 1.5 in., affixed to a card detailing a short history of the CSS Virginia, authorized for sale by the Jamestown Exposition Co. Fine condition.

Lot: 1509 - EAGLE BREAST PLATE DUG AT GETTYSBURG

EAGLE BREAST PLATE DUG AT GETTYSBURG Rare relic dug from the battlefield at Gettysburg, a 2.5 in. wide lead-filled eagle breast plate still retaining a fair amount of detail and partial hooks on the reverse. It originates from the famous 50+ year relic collection of Gettysburg resident Kenneth Brame. Brame, who also was employed by Dwight Eisenhower on his farm, had many of the objects in his collection featured in 'Gettysburg Battlefield Relics & Souvenirs' by Michael O'Donnell, and on exhibition at the Gettysburg Heritage Center. His collection was sold at near Gettysburg in October, 2021, and thios piece is sold with the lot ticket (or copy), original auction flyer, and copy of the auction listing.

Lot: 1510 - EAGLE BREAST PLATE FROM DEVIL'S DEN, GETTYSBURG

EAGLE BREAST PLATE FROM DEVIL'S DEN, GETTYSBURG Rare relic from Devil's Den at Gettysburg, the scene of some of the hottest fighting on the second day of the battle, just beneath Big Round Top and Little Round Top. The 2.5 in. wide lead-filled plate still bears partial hooks on the reverse and exhibits excellent detail. It originates from the famous 50+ year relic collection of Gettysburg resident Kenneth Brame. Brame, who also was employed by Dwight Eisenhower on his farm, had many of the objects in his collection featured in 'Gettysburg Battlefield Relics & Souvenirs' by Michael O'Donnell, and on exhibition at the Gettysburg Heritage Center. His collection was sold at near Gettysburg in October, 2021, and thios piece is sold with the lot ticket (or copy), original auction flyer, and copy of the auction listing.

Lot: 1511 - EARLY LIBBY PRISON RELIC

EARLY LIBBY PRISON RELIC An early relic from the notorious Confederate Libby Prison at Richmond, Virginia, a 3.5 x 1.5 x .25 in. section of pine, notched on the reverse, bearing a ca. 1920s paper label reading simply: 'LIBBY PRISON WOOD.' Sold with a ca. 1907 postcard with colorized photograph of the prison. Very good.

Lot: 1512 - FORT SUMTER 12 POUND CANNONBALL

FORT SUMTER 12 POUND CANNONBALL A great Civil War relic, a 12-pound iron cannonball recovered from near Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor. The 4.75 in. diameter ball is in dug condition and thus moderately oxidized yet still retains its whole shape. The ball was found in 1898 when restoration work was being carried out on the old fort, and a concrete addition called Battery Huger was being built. The fort featured multiple 12-pound howitzers around its ramparts that would have fired cannonballs such as this. Accompanied by a letter of provenance written by the great grandson of the foreman in charge of the restoration work.

Lot: 1513 - G.A.R. MEMORIAL CANE TO PVT. STEPHEN MILLER, 57TH INDIANA VOLS

Rare wooden cane memorializing Union soldier Private Stephen Miller, 57th Indiana Infantry Division, likely presented to a family member. The cane, 35.5 in. long with a 5 in. handle, has been carved with ridges from handle to tip, and decorative bands of 'x' shaped slashes have been carved towards the upper-half. The central portion of the cane bears the hand-inked inscription: '57TH INDIANA REG'T. VOLS...CO. G 57TH...S.A. MILLER'. Stephen Miller first mustered into 'G' Company of the Indiana 57th Infantry on Nov. 18, 1861, and died of wounds on July 5, 1864 in Chattanooga, TN. Numerous vertical cracks, else fine condition and a very nice display piece. Sold with some research.

Lot: 1514 - GREAT SEAL OF THE CONFEDERACY

GREAT SEAL OF THE CONFEDERACY The Great Seal of the Confederate States of America, copper electrotype shell, with case, ca. 1872, 93 mm. The original Great Seal of the Confederate States of America was designed by Joseph S. Wyon in London, England for Confederate commissioner James M. Mason, who represented the Confederate interests in England during the Civil War. The original striking was in silver, but it was 'lost' (smuggled out) in the evacuation of the Confederate capitol at Richmond. The original seal later came into the possession of Col. John T. Pickett, who had electrotype copies made in copper, silver, and gold. The design depicts a central equestrian image of George Washington surrounded by an ornate wreath of cotton, tobacco, wheat, and corn, with the legend THE CONFEDERATE STATES OF AMERICA: 22 FEBRUARY 1862 DEO VINDICE. The medallion is housed in a velvet-lined leather case, presented under glass in a brass bezel. The case is included as part of this lot, showing moderate wear. The clasp in non-functional. It is estimated that no more than 20 such electrotype medals exist, although far fewer have been traced. The present medallic shell is pristine and essentially flawless. The exact year of reproduction is thought to be 1872. A previous appearance of one of these medals in the Bowers & Ruddy Garrett Collection auction quotes an 1874 letter from the firm J.S. & A.B. Wyon, Chief Engravers of Her Majesties Seals, verifying the electrotype copies were made from the original.

Lot: 1515 - HARPERS FERRY 1816 MUSKET

U.S. Harpers Ferry Model 1816 Musket converted to percussion. This smoothbore muzzle loader is in just good condition and could use some restoration, if so desired. All metal fittings show rust and pitting to varying degrees. Lock markings are the standard, small 'Eagle / US' lightly stamped in front of the hammer. Behind the hammer is a three-line stamping 'HARPERS FERRY 1816', although this stamping was also not well executed. The mechanism operates in a 'catch as catch can' manner, the hammer locking only once every so many tries. Proof marks are almost lost, with only a partial proof mark visible on the reverse side of the hammer. Bore shows moderate pitting. Stock bears the usual dings and scratches, but no cracks. Both swivel slings present as is the original ramrod with its trumpet-shaped tip and threaded tip. Estimated accordingly.

Lot: 1516 - LIBBY PRISON RAFTER SECTION

LIBBY PRISON RAFTER SECTION A neat ready-to-frame relic from the notorious Confederate Libby Prison in Richmond, an approx. 6 x 3 x 3/4 in. section of wood (tidewater cypress), once a support beam from the structure, accompanied by iron-clad provenance. The relic is enclosed in a shadowbox with brass printed descriptive plaque. In 1889 Libby Prison was dismantled and shipped to Chicago where it was used as a Civil War museum. In 1898 it was again dismantled and a large portion of the structure was sold to an Indiana farmer who used the beams and bricks to construct a barn to house his stock. In 1963, the barn was demolished and the materials were stored until 2006 when they were again sold at auction. The majority of the materials are sold to be reconstructed for a Virginia museum, but a very small amount of wood was found unusable and sold to our consignor who constructed this display. A great relic.

Lot: 1517 - MODEL 1851 UNION OFFICER'S BUCKLE WITH BELT

MODEL 1851 UNION OFFICER'S BUCKLE WITH BELT Near mint condition Model 1851 Union officer's eagle belt buckle, complete with original custom-made leather belt with a specially-made cut to accommodate the buckle's hook. Leather is still supple and uniform in color. A fine example.

Lot: 1518 - PAINTED UNION MILITARY SNARE DRUM

PAINTED UNION MILITARY SNARE DRUM A fine painted Union Civil War military snare drum, 16.5 in. diameter, 13.75 in. tall, with what appear to be original cords and leather tabs. The body of the drum displays a Union eagle with shield at front, outstretched wings, and grasping an olive branch and arrowns in its talons. It is surmounted by the motto: "E PLURIBUS UNUM', sun rays, and stars. The original paint is about 90% intact. The top skin remains intact, while the bottom skin has one small tear. All fittings, ties, etc. are present and intact. A small leather harness remains wrapped around the width of the drum, though it appears not to be original to the piece. The paper maker's label within the instrument indicates it was manufactured by C & F Soistmann of Philadelphia. Overall a very good, displayable example.

Lot: 1519 - PARROTT SHELL BASE DUG AT GETTYSBURG

PARROTT SHELL BASE DUG AT GETTYSBURG Rare relic from the Gettysburg battlefield, the bottom portion of a 3 in. diameter Parrott shell dug from the battlefield, carefully varnished, with exceptional provenance. It originates from the famous 50+ year relic collection of Gettysburg resident Kenneth Brame. Brame, who also was employed by Dwight Eisenhower on his farm, had many of the objects in his collection featured in 'Gettysburg Battlefield Relics & Souvenirs' by Michael O'Donnell, and on exhibition at the Gettysburg Heritage Center. His collection was sold at near Gettysburg in October, 2021, and this piece is sold with the lot ticket (or copy), original auction flyer, and copy of the auction listing.

Lot: 1520 - PARROTT SHELL BASE DUG AT GETTYSBURG

PARROTT SHELL BASE DUG AT GETTYSBURG Rare relic from the Gettysburg battlefield, the bottom portion of a 3 in. diameter Parrott shell dug from the battlefield, carefully varnished, and with exceptional provenance. It originates from the famous 50+ year relic collection of Gettysburg resident Kenneth Brame. Brame, who also was employed by Dwight Eisenhower on his farm, had many of the objects in his collection featured in 'Gettysburg Battlefield Relics & Souvenirs' by Michael O'Donnell, and on exhibition at the Gettysburg Heritage Center. His collection was sold at near Gettysburg in October, 2021, and this piece is sold with the lot ticket (or copy), original auction flyer, and copy of the auction listing.

Lot: 1521 - RICHMOND LIGHT INFANTRY BLUES CAP BADGE

RICHMOND LIGHT INFANTRY BLUES CAP BADGE Cap badge issued by the Richmond Light Infantry Blues, brass construction with screw-back attachment, 2 in. wide, age unknown, likely late 1800s.

Lot: 1522 - SGT. PETER HART MINIE BALL AND CARTRIDGE FROM FORT SUMTER, APRIL 12, 1861

A fine relic from the opening battle of the Civil War, a two-ring Minie ball and paper cartridge kept by hero Sgt. PETER HART following the surrender of the Union force which attempted to hold the island for. Hart is best remembered as the brave soldier who climbed Sumter's shell-shattered flagpole to repair it under fire so it could still fly the American flag during the battle. The ball, partly wrapped in its original paper, and is accompanied by an intact paper cartridge. Also present is a cop of a 4 x 2.25 in. period note in Hart's hand reading: 'Fort Sumter Cardriges April 12th 1861 Sergt. P. Hart' Hart had served with Sumter commander Major Robert Anderson during the Mexican-American War. He personally escorted Anderson's wife to Charleston for her visit, and remained to assist his old commander. Hart's heroic act of nailing the fort's shell-torn flag back to its pole during the battle made him a national hero, the first of the war. Hart also managed to rescue the flag and took it with him in his carpetbag when the fort was evacuated on April 14, 1861. He returned to Fort Sumter with the same in February, 1865, when it was once again raised over the fort following its recapture. A great historical relic!

Lot: 1523 - SHILOH ARTILLERY CHAIN IN A TREE ROOT

SHILOH ARTILLERY CHAIN IN A TREE ROOT An evocative relic recovered near the site of the Battle of Shiloh, an ancient tree root 2 1/2 in. dia. which has over the years 'engulfed' an approx. 12 in. section of artillery chain. The section of root, about 12 in. long, was dug decades ago and is consigned from a private collection. Recovered from a farm near the site of the cataclysmic battle. A fine piece for display.

Lot: 1524 - TWO BULLETS IN WOOD FROM THE GETTYSBURG WHEATFIELD

TWO BULLETS IN WOOD FROM THE GETTYSBURG WHEATFIELD A superb Civil War relic, a small section of near-petrified wood recovered near the Wheatfield on the Gettysburg battlefield containing two iron 'minie ball' bullets. The wood is 6 x 2 x 1.5 in., with the warped and oxidized bullets protruding out of the center and left side. Purchased from a collector of Gettysburg battlefield artifacts. The Wheatfield was the site of some of the bloodiest fighting on the second day of the Battle of Gettysburg. Accompanied by an engraved plastic display stand.

Lot: 1525 - UNION BELT PLATE

UNION BELT PLATE Dug Union 'U.S.' belt plate, lead-filled back with one of the of loops on reverse still intact, the reverse reading: 'Gettysburg' in ink in a modern hands. No other provenance available, estimated accordingly.

Lot: 1526 - UNION OFFICER'S BELT BUCKLE

UNION OFFICER'S BELT BUCKLE A fine brass belt buckle worn by a Union officer during the Civil War, roughly 3 x 2 in., depicting the American seal , no other marks present. Slight discoloration, else fine.

Lot: 1527 - UNION UNIFORM BUTTONS FROM CULP'S HILL, GETTYSBURG

UNION UNIFORM BUTTONS FROM CULP'S HILL, GETTYSBURG Rare relics from the Gettysburg battlefield, three Union uniform buttons recovered from Culp's Hill at Gettysburg, the right flank of the Union line and the scene of heavy fighting on the second and third days of the monumental clash. Included is a large 'I' eagle button and two small eagle cuff buttons, varying degrees of oxidation, with excellent provenance. The buttons originate from the famous 50+ year relic collection of Gettysburg resident Kenneth Brame. Brame, who also was employed by Dwight Eisenhower on his farm, had many of the objects in his collection featured in 'Gettysburg Battlefield Relics & Souvenirs' by Michael O'Donnell, and on exhibition at the Gettysburg Heritage Center. His collection was sold at near Gettysburg in October, 2021, and these buttons are sold with a copy of the lot ticket, original auction flyer, and copy of the auction listing.

Lot: 1528 - UNION UNIFORM BUTTONS FROM CULP'S HILL, GETTYSBURG

UNION UNIFORM BUTTONS FROM CULP'S HILL, GETTYSBURG Rare relics from the Gettysburg battlefield, three Union uniform buttons recovered from Culp's Hill at Gettysburg, the right flank of the Union line and the scene of heavy fighting on the second and third days of the monumental clash. Included is a large 'I' eagle button and two small eagle cuff buttons, varying degrees of oxidation, with excellent provenance. The buttons originate from the famous 50+ year relic collection of Gettysburg resident Kenneth Brame. Brame, who also was employed by Dwight Eisenhower on his farm, had many of the objects in his collection featured in 'Gettysburg Battlefield Relics & Souvenirs' by Michael O'Donnell, and on exhibition at the Gettysburg Heritage Center. His collection was sold at near Gettysburg in October, 2021, and these buttons are sold with a copy of the lot ticket, original auction flyer, and copy of the auction listing.

Lot: 1529 - USS MERRIMAC HORSHOE

USS MERRIMAC HORSHOE Great relic supposedly made from the remnants of the USS Merrimac, famous for later being repurposed into the Confederate ironclad the CSS Virginia, is a small metal horseshoe made from the ship's armor, 1.5 x 1.5 in. engrave on one side 'Merrimac 1862' and the other 'Old Dominion and N.W. Co.' Fine condition

Lot: 1530 - USS MERRIMAC RELIC

USS MERRIMAC RELIC Great relic supposedly made from the remnants of the USS Merrimac, famous for later being repurposed into the Confederate ironclad the CSS Virginia, a 3.25 x 2.5 x 5.5 in. wooden block pressed with the words 'wood from ram - Merrimac.' Fine condition.

Lot: 1531 - WOOD SECTION FROM ANDERSONVILLE PRISON

WOOD SECTION FROM ANDERSONVILLE PRISON A great Civil War relic from the infamous Andersonville prison, a 9 x 7 in. section of wood taken from the stockade gate post and ‘Dead Line' at Andersonville. The relic bears a tag stating it was presented to John P. Robinson, a member of the Grand Army of the Republic in Perry, New York. In 1890, the Georgia department of the GAR bought the Andersonville prison site with membership and subscription funds to preserve it. In 1910 they donated it to the federal government through which it was purposed into a national military park and cemetery. Housed within a wooden frame with an engraved label that reads 'Andersonville Prison, GA, Sections taken from Stockade Gate Post and Dead Line.' Fine condition. The notorious 'deadline' was a 20-foot-tall wooden fence around the inside of the prison grounds that was deemed a no mans land to keep men away from the main wall. Any prisoner caught crossing or even touching the Dead Line was shot without warning.

Lot: 1532 - WOOD SECTION FROM LIBBY PRISON

WOOD SECTION FROM LIBBY PRISON A great Civil War relic, a small wooden section from a beam of the original Libby Prison in Richmond Virginia. The section is roughly 4.5 x 3 x .5 in. (sight) with slightly jagged edges. Matted in a display with images of the original building and a typed description of the sections provenance which reads in part: '...After the war the building was dismantled...and shipped to Chicago...in 1963 the building was torn down...in 1995 the materials were sold to Rod Wampler...where they lay until sold at auction...' and more. Fine condition.

Lot: 1533 - THE LAST CONFEDERATE FLAG AND THE FIRST SERMON FOR FREED BLACKS IN RICHMOND

A rare and most desirable relic a small section of the last Confederate flag to fly over the Capitol of the Confederacy in Richmond Virginia. The remnant is an approx. 2 x 1.5 in. section of beige cloth removed from the Third National flag which was seized by Union soldiers when the city fell on April 3 1865. A section of the flag came into the hands of Methodist minister John O. Foster who is said to have preached the first sermon in the city after its capture. He found himself in the Confederate Treasury where he helped himself to bonds of all types and denominations now worthless. At about the same time he obtained section of the capitol's flag to which he affixed the bonds and a label: 'Confederate Money Valuable as Curios. Pieces of flag floating over Capitol at Richmond day of capitulation'. After securing the bonds and flag remnants Foster then preached (under guard) at the Presbyterian Church to an audience composed largely of newly-freed slaves. Double-matted with one corner of the flag remnant turned-up to expose a portion of the bond beneath with descriptive label beneath. Flag was examined by noted textile/flag expert Fonda Thompson and approved verso bears attribution as to flag's provenance.

Lot: 1534 - 34 STAR AMERICAN FLAG

34 STAR AMERICAN FLAG An excessively rare and massive 34-star American flag, cotton construction roughly 156 x 210 in., two sided with individually sewn stars and stripes, left margin bearing hoist clasps at the corners with a rope threaded through but no marks present. This flag was used by the United States during the height of the Civil War, from 1861-1863 the period between the admission to the Union of Kansas and West Virginia. Moderately worn, expected due to age, multiple stains and sizable tears, some of which been hand repaired, overall presentable. Given the large size of this flag, it is possible it was at one time flown over a Union garrison, government building, state house, or military base.

Lot: 1535 - 2ND VA INF. UCV REUNION FLAG

2ND VA INF. UCV REUNION FLAG Very rare regimental flag from a reunion event of the UCV, or United Confederate Veterans organization, cotton construction, 19 x 33 in., likely 1890-1910, with the design of the first Confederate Flag, two red and one white stripe with a canton of seven stars. The red stripes bear gilded letters that read 'UCV 2nd VA Inf.' The left margin is stamped 'UCV' and 'VA.' Three margins of the flag are stitched with yellow tassels except for the left which is sewn with two metal grommets that have a string hoist threaded through. Slightly worn else very fine condition. The 2nd Virginia Infantry was one of the regiments that made up the legendary 'Stonewall Brigade' which served with distinction in many of the campaigns of the war.

Lot: 1536 - 1ST SC VOLS. UCV REUNION FLAG

1ST SC VOLS. UCV REUNION FLAG A very rare regimental flag from a reunion event of the UCV, or United Confederate Veterans organization, cotton construction 19 x 33 in., likely circa 1890-1910, with the design of the first Confederate Flag, two red and one white stripe with a canton of seven stars. The red stripes bear gilded letters that read 'UCV, 1st SC Vols.' The left margin is stamped 'UCV' and 'SC.' Two brass grommets are now absent. Slightly worn, else very fine condition.

Lot: 1537 - (POST WAR) CONFEDERATE BATTLE FLAG

(POST WAR) CONFEDERATE BATTLE FLAG A post war example of the Confederate battle flag, also known as the 'Stars and Bars', cotton construction 36 x 60 in., circa 1900, with sewn grommets to the left margin and the stamp 'UCV Post 38', which refers to a branch of the United Confederate Veterans organization. Lightly worn, else very fine.

Lot: 1538 - (POST WAR) CONFEDERATE 3RD NATIONAL FLAG

(POST WAR) CONFEDERATE 3RD NATIONAL FLAG A post war example of the third national flag of the Confederacy, also known as the 'Blood-Stained Banner', circa 1900, likely flown at an event for the UCV (United Confederate Veterans), cotton construction 57 x 89 in., two sided with a white and vertical red section and a 'Southern Cross' ('the stars and bars') canton. Left margin sewn with a brass grommet and a maker's stamp 'Sou. Dec. Co.' Worn from age, scattered stains and tears.

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