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Fall Historical Militaria & Autographs Auction

Tue Dec 07 - 10:00AM


See Catalog, Chesapeake City, MD Click to Map


Alexander Historical Auctions LLC

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Lot: 1 - ADOLF HITLER ORIGINAL WATERCOLOR PAINTING

ADOLF HITLER ORIGINAL WATERCOLOR PAINTING Original watercolor painting on heavy rag paper, 6.75 x 8.5 in., executed by future dictator ADOLF HITLER (1889-1945) and lifted from the Main Archive of the NSDAP, with the best provenance obtainable. The work depicts the 'Heiligenkreuzerhof', a large former monastery complex in central Vienna, later converted to apartments. It depicts a portion of the

Lot: 2 - ADOLF HITLER INSCRIBED PHOTO TO FRANZ XAVER SCHWARZ

ADOLF HITLER INSCRIBED PHOTO TO FRANZ XAVER SCHWARZ (1889 - 1945) Fuhrer of Germany and Nazi Party leader, Hitler's bloody rise to power, his military seizure of most of Europe and North Africa and his genocidal racial policies culminated in suicide in his Berlin bunker as Russian troops approached. A superlative association inscribed and signed photograph, 6.75 x 9 in., a chest-up portrait of Hitler signed and presented to FRANZ X. SCHWARZ, National Treasurer of the Nazi Party during most of the Party's existence. At bottom, the photograph is sincerely signed and inscribed in black fountain pen: 'To Franz X. Schwarz, the Reich Treasurer of the NSDAP and tireless worker in the service of our German people, as a small token of my grateful appreciation and sincere friendship, Adolf Hitler, Munich, Christmas 1928'. Small ding to the facial area of the image, light surface irregularities at upper-right, tack hole at top and mounting remnants on the reverse. Still in fine condition, and entirely acceptable. Schwarz was one of Hitler's oldest associates, marching with him in the failed Beer Hall Putsch, becoming party member '6' after the NSDAP's reestablishment in 1925, and leaving his job as an accountant at the Munich City Hall to become the full-time NSDAP treasurer just a week later. It was Schwarz who raised the money for the publication of Hitler's 'Mein Kampf', and later negotiated the purchase of the party headquarters, the Brown House. -

Lot: 3 - ADOLF HITLER

ADOLF HITLER (1889 - 1945) Fuhrer of Germany and Nazi Party leader, Hitler's bloody rise to power, his military seizure of most of Europe and North Africa and his genocidal racial policies culminated in suicide in his Berlin bunker as Russian troops approached. HITLER SEEKS A HALT TO INFIGHTING IN THE NASCENT AUSTRIAN NAZI PARTY. Important content signed document sent to him and also signed twice by BRUNO HEINEMANN (1858-1938), an early Nazi Party official who served as the first chairman of the NSDAP's Committee for Investigation and Settlement as well as a Reich Organization leader until he was succeeded by Georg Strasser. The document, written by Heinemann, details a series of correspondences concerning an ongoing issue between two party officials in Austria, Dr. Richard Suchewirth (1895 -1965), co-founder of the Austrian NSDAP, and Col. Friedrich Jankovic, Plenipotentiary of the Austrian NSDAP. The document, 7pp. legal folio, Munich, November 8, 1926, reads in part: '...[to Suchewirth] Since there can be only one leader who can keep an eye on everything...Jankovic was entitled to those decrees...which you complain about...None other than retired Oberst Jankovic has the responsibility...Hence I am not in the position to accommodate your suggestions...I cannot approve your immediate resignation as representative. According to valid rules every National Socialist has to remain at this post until he is relieved. This whole incident makes me deeply worried about the movement in Austria. If there are already such contrasts within the first days and herald an inner fight, then productive work against an external enemy can't be expected...On Sept. 14 the country leader of Austria...Friedrich Jankovic entrusted Prof. Dr. Richard Suchenwirth with his representation during his absence...on October 3...Jankovic sent his representative a few decrees effective immediately. Dr. Suchenwirth complains...about the intrusion in his rights and that Jankovic treated him like his employee...[to Suchenwirth dated November 18, 1926] The country leader is even during a temporary absence from the main office responsible for the organizational, propagandistic and political leadership of the movement...Hence he is entitled to give his representative any instructions he deems necessary...it is not considered an intrusion...treating him as an employee...' Hitler signs the conclusion of the document, authorizing Heinemann's decision. Slight edge wear, a few scattered ink stains, else fine. The Austrian branch of the Nazi Party was founded only a few months prior to this document's issuance. A great example of internal strife in the early days of the Nazi Party.

Lot: 4 - ADOLF HITLER

ADOLF HITLER (1889 - 1945) Fuhrer of Germany and Nazi Party leader, Hitler's bloody rise to power, his military seizure of most of Europe and North Africa and his genocidal racial policies culminated in suicide in his Berlin bunker as Russian troops approached. Fine content partly printed D.S. on 'In Namen des Reichs' letterhead as Chancellor of Germany, 1p. 4to., Berlin, May 13, 1936, an official appointment for multiple individuals. In full: 'Lieutenant General von Reichenau, Commanding General 7th Army Corps, and Captain Voelter of the General Staff in the War Ministry are at the special disposition of the Ministers of War from May 29, to October 31, 1936. Lieutenant General Freiherr von Weichs, Commander of the 1st Panzer Division is appointed deputy for the Commanding General of the 7th Army Corps. Major General von Vietinghoff Commander of the 1st Rifle Brigade to be deputized Commander of the First Panzer Division, retaining his previous duty station.' Cosigned by War Minister and Wehrmacht Commander in Chief WERNER VON BLOMBERG (1878-1946), and Commander in Chief of the Heer WERNER VON FRITSCH (1880-1939). Fine condition. WALTER VON REICHENAU (1884 -1942) would later be appointed a field marshal in the Wehrmacht and command the 6th Army during the invasions of Belgium and France. During the invasion of the Soviet Union, he continued to command the 6th Army as part of Army Group South as it captured Ukraine and advanced deep into Russia. MAXIMILIAN VON WEICHS (1881–1954) would also become a field marshall was a field marshal and would command forces during the invasions of France, Yugoslavia and the Soviet Union.

Lot: 5 - JOSEF STALIN

JOSEF STALIN (1879 - 1953) Soviet Premier and dictator who reorganized the government and army through bloody purges of his political enemies, allied with the Nazis who then turned on him and invaded the Soviet Union, costing 20 million lives. Rare, war-date typed D.S. in bold, indelible orange pencil, 2pp. large 4to., [Moscow], Oct. 8, 1941. Just over two months after the surprise German attack on Russia and with his country reeling, Stalin apparently orders a printing department to forward a carefully-controlled and limited set of 38 letters to various military departments and officers, copying them on an order he had sent to immediately start training specialized cadets. The order, which may have supplemented previous instructions, reads, in part: '...To the Chief of the Main Directorate of Human Resources of the NCO and the Chiefs of the Main Directorates, the infantry schools, which are newly formed and transferred to a new state, shall be filled with a full complement of command and control personnel. 5. The head of the Main Directorate of Formation and Replenishment of the Red Army Troops to fill the infantry schools with cadets. 6. The Chief Quartermaster of the Red Army, the Head of the Financial Directorate of the NCO of the USSR and the corresponding heads of the Dental Departments of the NCO to ensure that schools are formed and new staffs transferred with the required property and allowances. PEOPLE'S DEFENSE COMMISSIONER OF THE C.C.C.P [Signed] I. STALIN. One light horizontal fold, minor chips along one margin, else near fine.

Lot: 6 - DOUGLAS MACARTHUR

DOUGLAS MACARTHUR (1880 - 1964) American general and Allied Supreme Commander in the Pacific in World War II, accepted the surrender of Japan and was later dismissed by Truman for advocating an invasion of China. Fine souvenir typed D.S. 'Douglas MacArthur', 2pp. 4to., [n.p., n.d.], a lengthy excerpt from MacArthur's historic farewell speech before Congress on April 19, 1951. It reads, in small part: '...In war there is no substitute for victory. There are some who, for varying reasons, would appease Red China. They are blind to history's clear lesson, for history teaches with unmistakable emphasis that appeasement but begets new and bloodier war. It points to no single instance where this end has justified that means, where appeasement has led to more than a sham peace. Like blackmail, it lays the basis for new and successively greater demands until, as in blackmail, violence becomes the only other alternative. 'Why,' my soldiers asked of me, 'surrender military advantages to an enemy in the field?' I could not answer....I am closing my 52 years of military service. When I joined the Army, even before the turn of the century, it was the fulfillment of all of my boyish hopes and dreams. The world has turned over many times since I took the oath on the plain at West Point, and the hopes and dreams have long since vanished, but I still remember the refrain of one of the most popular barrack ballads of that day which proclaimed most proudly that 'old soldiers never die; they just fade away.' And like the old soldier of that ballad, I now close my military career and just fade away, an old soldier who tried to do his duty as God gave him the light to see that duty. Good Bye.' Some mat burn from prior toning, otherwise boldly signed and very good.

Lot: 7 - ERWIN ROMMEL

ERWIN ROMMEL (1891 - 1944) German field marshal whose Afrika Corps threw back repeated British and American assaults in North Africa, later he defended Normandy and ultimately was forced to commit suicide due to his implication in the Hitler bomb plot. Very early good content A.L.S., 1p. 4to., [Stuttgart], Feb. 11, 1918 in German to 'Comrade Horst'. In part: '...You have just reached me in Stuttgart. I had some soldiers to bring me field-gray and modern cloth in your depot in Ludwigsburg. I am sitting here now already for three days and they have already promoted me to the job of a bureau-officer who has to become familiar with matters on internal affairs. I think I will have difficulties in accepting this new situation and way of living, as you might know. I feel already homesick and I think it will become worse day by day. This is bitter but I have to swallow it...' Pencil notes at top, else fine condition and rare from this very early period. Rommel's first combat experience was on 22 August 1914 as a platoon commander near Verdun. In 1917, at the Battle of Caporetto, Rommel and his 150 men captured 81 guns and 9,000 men (including 150 officers), at the loss of six dead and 30 wounded. At Longarone on 9 November, Rommel again decided to attack with a much smaller force. Convinced that they were surrounded by an entire German division, the 1st Italian Infantry Division - 10,000 men - surrendered to Rommel. In January 1918, Rommel was promoted to Hauptmann and assigned to a staff position in the 64th Army Corps, where he served for the remainder of the war...writing this letter from his new position.

Lot: 8 - THE NUREMBERG DEFENDANTS ARE INDICTED

THE NUREMBERG DEFENDANTS ARE INDICTED Historic content typed D.S. signed by Col. BURTON C. ANDRUS (1892-1977), commandant of the Nuremberg Prison which housed the accused during the Nuremberg Trials, 1p. 4to., [Nuremberg], Oct. 19, 1945, exactly one month before the trials would commence. OFFICIAL ANNOUNCEMENT OF THE INDICTMENT OF THE CHIEF WAR CRIMES DEFENDANTS AT NUREMBERG This is Andrus' official notice to the tribunal of the service of the indictments upon the accused war criminals, effectively launching the most famous military trial of all time. The document lists the 26 principal defendants by name, as well as the exact time at which they were served. Included of course are Robert Ley and Hermann Goring, who would both commit suicide. At bottom, it is interesting to note that Andrus had added: 'von Bohlen, Fritzsche, Raeder and Bormann not yet joined'. Fritzshe and Raeder were of course tried, arms maker Gustav Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach would evade trial due to his poor health, and Martin Bormann (already dead), would be tried in absentia. A most historic document! Fine condition. SOLD WITH: a T.L.S. by lead British prosecutor HARTLEY SHAWCROSS (1902-2003), 1p. 4to., [Nuremberg, Nov.14, 1945], refusing to grant an adjournment to JULIUS STREICHER, stating that Streicher's defense had had ample time to reply to the indictment. Andrus' letter above is mounted to heavy stock, and the second page of Shawcross' letter is mounted to the verso of the same piece. This document originates from the files of Hans Werner, Director of Printing for the International Military Tribunal in Nuremberg. It was his task to publish the 42-volume record of the trial using this document and scores of others. Following completion of his task, Werner was permitted to retain possession of the documents, which were never tagged as evidence. They were then sold by autograph expert Charles Hamilton in his auctions, in 1979.

Lot: 9 - HANS FRANK CLAIMS HE SOUGHT 'TO IMPROVE THE LOT OF THE POLISH POPULATION'

HANS FRANK CLAIMS HE SOUGHT 'TO IMPROVE THE LOT OF THE POLISH POPULATION' HANS FRANK (1900-1946) Nazi occupational Governor of Poland partly responsible for the genocide perpetrated there. FRANK SOUGHT 'TO IMPROVE THE LOT OF THE POLISH POPULATION' Historic content partly-printed D.S. 'Frank', 1p. legal folio, Nuremberg, Nov. 21, 1945 - one day after the start of the Nuremberg Trials - a

Lot: 10 - WALTHER FUNK ADMITS HE ESTABLISHED THE SS 'MAX HEILEGER' ACCOUNTS

WALTHER FUNK ADMITS HE ESTABLISHED THE SS 'MAX HEILEGER' ACCOUNTS WALTHER FUNK (1890-1960) Nazi Minister of Economics who confiscated goods of imprisoned Jews to the Reichsbank via Himmler. Sentenced to life imprisonment. FUNK ADMITS A BRIEFING WITH HIMMLER 'AT THE OUTSET' ON THE 'MAX HEILIGER' ACCOUNT Historically important typed D.S. 'Walther Funk' in bold indelible pencil, 1p. 4to.,

Lot: 11 - RUDOLF HOESS IS CALLED TO DEFEND ERNST KALTENBRUNNER

RUDOLF HOESS IS CALLED TO DEFEND ERNST KALTENBRUNNER KURT KAUFMANN (b. 1902) German attorney, a one-time Nazi Party member and veteran of World War II, the defense attorney for ERNST KALTENBRUNNER (1903-1946), SS-Obergruppenfuhrer who headed the RSHA (Gestapo and Kripo) and SD, replacing Reinhard Heydrich. KALTENBRUNNER'S ATTORNEY AND HIS COLLEAGUES SEEK RUDOLF HOESS AS A DEFENSE WITNESS

Lot: 12 - WILHELM FRICK DENIES PRIOR INVOLVEMENT IN 'KRISTALLNACHT', AND NUREMBERG DEFENDANTS ARE DELIVERED TO EXECUTIONERS

WILHELM FRICK DENIES PRIOR INVOLVEMENT IN 'KRISTALLNACHT', AND NUREMBERG DEFENDANTS ARE DELIVERED TO EXECUTIONERS WILHELM FRICK (1877-1946) Nazi Minister of the Interior, author of the Nuremberg Laws. Hanged at Nuremberg for his crimes. Incredible content partly-printed D.S. 'Frick' in indelible pencil, 1p. legal folio, Nuremberg, Jan. 18, 1946, a submission to the International Military

Lot: 13 - HEINRICH HIMMLER

HEINRICH HIMMLER (1900 - 1945) Hitler's Chief of the Gestapo placed in charge of security and responsible for the construction and operation of extermination camps. He chose suicide rather than face a hangman's noose at Nuremberg. HIMMLER ACCEPTS DONATIONS FROM STANDARD OIL, SUPPORTING THE MURDER OF JEWS Historic content T.L.S. on his Reichsfuhrer-SS letterhead, 1p. large 4to., 'Field Headquarters', Nov. 24, 1943, to EMIL HELFERICH, Director of the German-American Petroleum Company. In part: 'Dear Party Comrade Helfferich This year, too, I received a large amount of funds from the Circle of Friends, which made it possible for me to help in many emergencies in the same way as in previous years. SS-Brigadefuhrer Baron von Schroder informed me, that in addition to the total donation in the name of the German-American Petroleum Company, you donated a sum of RM 10,000 - I would like to thank you first with these lines for your willingness to help, which you have shown again in a loving way. I hope to be able to convey my thanks to you personally at the next meeting of the Friends...' Boldly signed, with holograph subscription. File holes, some toning at top margin, else very good. Deutsch-Amerikanische Petroleum Gesellschaft, also known as the German-American Petroleum Company, was a subsidiary of Standard Oil and was founded in 1890. In 1938, Standard Oil of New Jersey owned 94% of the company. As the Nazis considered the German-American Petroleum Company a 'German' company, it was put on the list of defense contractors who would receive preferential treatment. The 'Freundeskreis der Wirtschaft', or 'Circle of Friends of the Economy' (also called 'Freundeskreis Reichsführer-SS and 'Freundeskreis Himmler') was a group of German industrialists, politicians and military officers whose alleged aim was to strengthen the ties between the Nazi Party and business and industry. The size of the group never exceeded 40 members. From 1936 to 1944, the members of the circle donated approximately one million marks a year to Himmler for uses 'outside the budget'. One use of the money was to fund the Ahnenerbe, which conducted Aryan historical and eugenicist research. Horrifically, it also sponsored the Jewish skeleton collection, when 86 victims were selected at Auschwitz, then gassed at Natzwiler and the corpses shipped to Reichsuniversitat Strassburg for defleshing and ultimately public display.

Lot: 14 - FIFTEEN SS GENERALS' SIGNED BIRTHDAY GREETING TO HEINRICH HIMMLER

FIFTEEN SS GENERALS' SIGNED BIRTHDAY GREETING TO HEINRICH HIMMLER An amazing signed document, a birthday greeting presented to Reichsfuhrer-SS HEINRICH HIMMLER (1900-1945) on his 37th birthday, signed by fifteen of his top generals - many of whom, like their leader, would be dead by the time 'gun barrels cooled'. The parchment document, 14 x 17 in. and dated '7.X.1937' at bottom, bears a calligraphic greeting to Himmler at top: 'Dear Reichsfuhrer! All the Department Chiefs and Inspectors at the SS-Main Office remember you today with the warmest best wishes for the following year. All of us know no finer duty than to be allowed to work in the SS organization, under your command, for the Fuhrer and for Germany. We have only one single wish - that you may always, in dark hours, feel how firmly your closest colleagues stand behind you, as a sworn company, prepared for any action.' At bottom, fifteen top SS generals have inscribed their names to the message. They include (right to left, top to bottom): GEN. AUGUST HEISSMEYER (1897-1979), Chief of the SS Main Office; GEN. FRIEDRICH KRUGER (1894-1945, suicide), Senior SS & Police Leader, Poland; GEN. THEODORE EICKE (1892-1943, KIA), Inspector General of Concentration Camps; GEN. WALTER SCHMITT ((1879-1945, murdered by Czech partisans), SS Chief of Personnel; GEN. OSWALD POHL (1892-1951, executed), Chief of SS Economic & Administrative Office; GEN. PAUL HAUSSER (1880-1972), C.O. 'Das Reich' Division; MAJOR GEN. RICHARD HERRMANN (1893-1941, KIA), C.O. 'Kampfgruppe Nord'; GEN. ERNST SACHS (1880-1956), Chief of Telecommunications; LT. GEN. LEO PETRI (1876-1961) Chief of Allgemeine-SS; MAJOR GEN. FRIEDRICH HAUSER (1898-1943, accident), Commander SS sector, Koblenz; MAJOR GEN. HEINRICH GARTNER (1897-1963), Chief of Supply; MAJOR GEN. DR. FRIEDRICH DERMIETZEL (1899-1981), Chief Medical Officer; MAJOR GEN. HERMANN HAERTEL (1893-1970), Chief of Welfare; MAJOR GEN. RUDOLF CREUTZ (1896-1980), Deputy Reichs Commissioner for Strengthening of Germanisation; and GEN. PAUL SCHARFE (1876-1942), Chief of Legal Department. The document, slightly soiled, has been mounted to archival cardboard. A few signatures have lightened slightly, yet all remain entirely legible. A superb assemblage of the entire SS hierarchy (save Himmler himself), unobtainable elsewhere.

Lot: 15 - REINHARD HEYDRICH

REINHARD HEYDRICH (1904 - 1942) 'The Hangman', Nazi head of the dreaded SS and architect of the 'Final Solution', his assassination in Prague caused in retribution the destruction of Lidice and murder of many of its inhabitants. Extraordinary content T.L.S. as Chief of the Security Police on official letterhead, 2pp. 4to., Berlin, March 17, 1938, sent to Gauleiter of Vienna JOSEF BURCKEL just

Lot: 16 - (JOSEPH GOEBBELS) HELGA GOEBBELS

(JOSEPH GOEBBELS) HELGA GOEBBELS (1932 - 1945) The eldest and favorite daughter of Nazi Minister of Propaganda Joseph Goebbels. Killed along with the rest of her siblings by her mother, Magda Goebbels, in the Fuhrerbunker. An eerie relic, Helga's personal music homework book, unpaginated 8vo., [n.p., n.d], detailing her music lessons from 1942-45. She signs the front cover of it as well as multiple times throughout, including personal notes on her lessons interspersed with comments by others, including her music teacher. Accompanied by a full translation of all the entries in the journal. Being 12 years old at the time of her death, Helga was the only child who appeared to have struggled against being administered cyanide when Soviet doctors found bruises on her face in a postmortem examination. Moderately worn and toned.

Lot: 17 - (TOKYO ROSE) IVA TOGURI

(TOKYO ROSE) IVA TOGURI (1916 - 2006) Japanese-American radio propagandist, stranded in Japan at the outbreak of World War II, enlisted by the Japanese and widely heard by American troops whom she urged to surrender so they could return home to their wives, lovers and families. Sentenced to ten years for treason, pardoned by Ford in 1977. A.L.S. 'Iva Toguri' on a postcard from Disney's Epcot Center, Orlando, January 7, 1988, to friends sending her best wishes. Accompanied by a b/w press photo of Toguri. Minor stains, else fine.

Lot: 18 - ADOLF GALLAND

ADOLF GALLAND (1911-1994) German fighter ace of World War II and general of fighters, awarded the Knights Cross with Oak Leaves, Swords, and Diamonds. S.P., 3.5 x 5.5. in., b/w, official Hoffman postcard with a chest up pose in uniform boldly displaying his Knight's Cross, signed across his chest. Fine condition.

Lot: 19 - ADOLF HITLER

(1889 - 1945) Fuhrer of Germany and Nazi Party leader, Hitler's bloody rise to power, his military seizure of most of Europe and North Africa and his genocidal racial policies culminated in suicide in his Berlin bunker as Russian troops approached. Good content D.S., 1p. legal folio, Berlin, Mar 24, 1938, the promotion of KURT VON TIPPELSKIRCH (1891-1957) to the rank of major and assigning him as Commander of Transport District Koblenz. Co-signed by WALTHER VON BRAUTCHISCH (1881-1948), German field marshal and commander in chief. Von Tippelskirch would command German and Italian forces on the Eastern Front, and at war's end put up a fierce resistance following defeat at the Bulge. Fine condition.

Lot: 20 - ADOLF HITLER

(1889 - 1945) Fuhrer of Germany and Nazi Party leader, Hitler's bloody rise to power, his military seizure of most of Europe and North Africa and his genocidal racial policies culminated in suicide in his Berlin bunker as Russian troops approached. Good content partly-printed D.S on 'Im Namen des Reichs' letterhead as Chancellor, 1p. legal folio, Berlin, Oct. 10, 1934, certifying the retirement of a Dr. Erich Schmidt from the Complaints Department of the Reich Patent in accordance with the Reich Officials Act with an official embossed seal. Also signed by FRANZ GURTNER (1881-1941) who was the German Minister of Justice from 1932 until his death in 1941. Very fine condition.

Lot: 21 - ADOLF HITLER

ADOLF HITLER (1889 - 1945) Fuhrer of Germany and Nazi Party leader, Hitler's bloody rise to power, his military seizure of most of Europe and North Africa and his genocidal racial policies culminated in suicide in his Berlin bunker as Russian troops approached. Fine content and association typed D.S., 1p. 4to., [Berlin], June 30, 1940, the promotion of Captain Fritz Prager, Commander of II/Fallschirm-Jagerregiments 1 and Captain Erich Walther, Commander of I/Fallschirm-Jagerregiments 1 for their 'excellent bravery in front of the enemy...' Nicely signed in black ink by Hitler at conclusion, also signed in pencil by General Fieldmarshal and Luftwaffe commander HERMANN GORING. Folds, else very good. Fritz Prager's paratrooper battalion captured the Wola Gulowska airfield during the invasion of Poland, and Walther would also lead with distinction, later being promoted to general and being awarded a Knight's Cross. He would die a prisoner in Soviet hands.

Lot: 22 - ADOLF HUHNLEIN

(1881 - 1942) Close Hitler associate and participant in the Beer Hall Putsch, a member of the 'Order of the Blood', later head of the National Socialist Motor Corps. Heavily redacted T.L.S. as Korpsfuhrer of the N.S.K.K., 1p. 4to., Munich, [date redacted], appearing to discuss an unidentifiable delivery or transmission of documents, signed at the conclusion. Huhnlein adds an added annotation at the left margin, advising the recipient to 'talk with Mappe (?)'. Spots of staining, two file holes, else very good. Sold with a translation.

Lot: 23 - ADOLF KUEN

(1893 - 1953) German fighter pilot during World War I, later served as the Luftwaffe Commander of the Seventh Army on the Siegfried Line, and as Commander of the Operational Training Reconnaissance Group of the Luftwaffe General of the Fourth Army during the invasion of France. A.D.S. in German, 1p. oblong 8vo., March 13, 1946, a list of the 'Personal details of the Generals' imprisoned at POW Camp 186, mentioning himself, ERICH STAHL, SS-Gruppenfuhrer JAKOB SPORRENBERG, military governor of Crete ALEXANDER ANDRAE, and one unidentified. Signed at the conclusion as 'lagerfuhrer' ('camp commander'), ironic given his status as a P.O.W. File holes, else fine.

Lot: 24 - ADOLF STRAUSS

(1879 - 1973) General in the Wehrmacht of Nazi Germany during World War II, commander of the II Army Corps. A.L.S. in German, 2pp. oblong 8vo., Kirchheim, Dec. 20, 1958, writing to a 'Major Bieri', the former commandant of the 'Island Farm' prison camp where Strauss had been imprisoned. Strauss sends best wishes for Christmas and the New Year, discusses his heart problem, and concludes: 'From the New Year, we all expect that peace may remain...and that Germany and Berlin become re-united.' Signed at the conclusion. One spot of foxing, else fine condition. Sold with a translation.

Lot: 25 - ALAN BROOKE

ALAN BROOKE (1883 - 1963) 1st Viscount Alanbrooke. Chief of the Imperial General Staff (CIGS) and promoted to field marshal in 1944. As chairman of the Chiefs of Staff Committee, Brooke was the foremost military adviser to Winston Churchill and had the role of coordinator of the British military efforts in the Allies' victory in 1945. Good pair of signed items, includes: A.D.S. on his personal correspondence card, Ferney Close, Aug. 26, 1957 to Ray Rawlins, cousin of Major Gen.Stuart Rawlins, a message of goodwill to delegates of the Swaziland Annual Ex-Gunners Reunion and Dinner at Mrabane. Sold with an A.L.S., also on his correspondence card and to Rawlins, one day earlier, sending the message and noting: '...I was devoted to your cousin Stuart Rawlins...' Very good. STUART RAWLINS (1897-1955) was a British major general of artillery who served with distinction from the D-Day landings, onward.

Lot: 26 - ALBERT PIERREPOINT

ALBERT PIERREPOINT (1905 - 1992) English hangman who executed between 435 and 600 people in a 25-year career that ended in 1956. During his tenure, he hanged 200 people who had been convicted of war crimes in Germany and Austria, as well as several high-profile murderers -- including Gordon Cummins (the Blackout Ripper), John Haigh (the Acid Bath Murderer) and John Christie (the Rillington Place Strangler). His blue ink signature on a 4.5 x 3.5 in. card. Fine condition.

Lot: 27 - ALBERT SPEER

(1905 - 1981) Nazi German architect and Minister of Armaments and War Production, convicted of war crimes at Nuremberg. Signed copy of his 'Spandauer Tagebucher' (Berlin: Verlag Ullstein), 1975. 671pp. 8vo. Signed on the front flyleaf in black ink. Fine condition, with dust jacket.

Lot: 28 - ALBERT SPEER

(1905-1981) Nazi German architect and Minister of Armaments and War Production, convicted of war crimes at Nuremburg. Good Holocaust content T.L.S., 1p. 4to., Heidelberg, June 18, 1970, a letter to his Jewish-American acquaintance Paul Kahn - an American architect with German ancestry who, after being deported from Germany, befriended Speer in the postwar years. In part: '...I was very touched by your letter. After the TV show, I received numerous letters from your country, which, by the way, were almost without exception positive. But to receive such a kind letter from you, as one of those who suffered the worst from Hitler, is a wonderful sign that there is still goodness in the world...Since the television interview is quite incomplete, I sent you the German edition of my 'Memories' today...' Two file holes, lightly ragged at top edge, else very good. This lot was taken from large collection of pieces of signed correspondence from Speer to Kahn consigned to us, and comes with a scan of a letter from our consigner, providing some further details into Speer and Kahn's relationship.

Lot: 29 - ALBERT SPEER

(1905-1981) Nazi German architect and Minister of Armaments and War Production, convicted of war crimes at Nuremburg. T.L.S. in German, 1p. large 4to., Heidelberg, April 15, 1971, making plans to meet with his Jewish-American acquaintance Paul Kahn, a German architect who once worked with the Kaiser, who was later thrown out of Germany by the Gestapo, then befriended Speer. Signed at the conclusion in blue ink. Light mailing folds, else fine. This lot was taken from a large grouping of correspondence from Speer to Kahn consigned to us, and comes with a photocopy of a letter from our consigner, providing some further details into Speer and Kahn's relationship.

Lot: 30 - ALBERT SPEER

(1905-1981) Nazi German architect and Minister of Armaments and War Production, convicted of war crimes at Nuremburg. T.L.S. in German, 1p. large 4to., Heidelberg, May 10, 1971, discussing plans to meet with his Jewish-American acquaintance Paul Kahn, a German architect who once worked with the Kaiser, who was later thrown out of Germany by the Gestapo, then befriending Speer. Signed at the conclusion in blue ink. Light mailing folds, else fine. This lot was taken from a large grouping of correspondence from Speer to Kahn consigned to us, and comes with a photocopy of a letter from our consigner, providing some further details into Speer and Kahn's relationship.

Lot: 31 - ALBERT SPEER

ALBERT SPEER (1905-1981) Nazi German architect and Minister of Armaments and War Production, convicted of war crimes at Nuremburg. Signed hardcover German copy of his book 'Spandauer Tagebucher' ('Spandau: The Secret Diaries') (Berlin: Propylaen Verlag), 1975, approx. 671pp. 4to., detailing Speer's incarceration, his role in the Third Reich, and his relationship with Adolf Hitler. Original dust jacket still present with slight edgewear, else fine.

Lot: 32 - ALBERT SPEER

ALBERT SPEER (1905-1981) Nazi German architect and Minister of Armaments and War Production, convicted of war crimes at Nuremburg. S.P., 5 x 4 in. b/w, an image of Speer standing beside Adolf Hitler, signed in full in blue marker on the face, and again on verso. Fine.

Lot: 33 - ALBERT SPEER

ALBERT SPEER (1905-1981) Nazi German architect and Minister of Armaments and War Production, convicted of war crimes at Nuremberg. Good content T.L.S. on his personal letterhead, 1p. 4to., Heidelberg, May 2, 1977 in English. Speer thanks his correspondent for sending an interview, continuing: '...I do not remember Heinrich Weigand. But then, [Werner] von Braun's staff was so numerous that, apart from the most important colleagues, I was not involved in personal contacts. I do recall with pleasure Martin Mayes...By the way, Paramount will be producing for NBC a lengthy screen version of my memoirs...I am interested to see how it is going to turn out...' Very good. Heinrich Weigand came to the U.S. as part of Operation Paperclip and eventually became a top Air Force guided missile scientist. Werner von Braun was, of course, NASA's top scientist and responsible for this country's early space programs. Both men worked on the development of the V-1 and V-2 rockets.

Lot: 34 - ALBERT SPEER

ALBERT SPEER (1905 - 1981) Nazi German architect and Minister of Armaments and War Production, convicted of war crimes at Nuremberg. S.P., 6 x 9 in. b.w on light stock, a portrait of Speer signed and dated at bottom. Very light folds, barely noticeable, else fine.

Lot: 35 - ALBERT SPEER

ALBERT SPEER (1905-1981) Nazi German architect and Minister of Armaments and War Production, convicted of war crimes at Nuremberg. T.L.S. on his personal letterhead, 1p. 8vo., Heidelberg, Jan. 24, 1978 declining to send his correspondent and of his wartime drawings as they were at his publishers at the time to be made into an 'artbook...to be published later this year...' Very good.

Lot: 36 - ALEXANDER BELYAKOV

ALEXANDER BELYAKOV (1897-1982) Soviet Air Force lieutenant general, Hero of the Soviet Union, member of a three-man crew who set a record for the longest uninterrupted flight in 1936 as well as the first nonstop flight across the North Pole by flying from Moscow to Vancouver, WA. Very rare war date D.S. in Cyrillic, 2pp. 4to., [n.p.], January 15, 1943, largely untranslated but a military attestation of aviation technician Yakov Semenov. Belyakov signs the end of the second page as lieutenant general. Creased with moderate edgewear and chipping, toned.

Lot: 37 - ALEXANDRE RENAUD

(1891- 1966) French politician and author, mayor of the city of Sainte-Mere-Eglise during the D-Day invasion of June 6, 1944 and wrote a famous eyewitness account. Signed paperback copy of his famous book 'Sainte-Mere-Eglise D-Day, June 6, 1944' (Sainte-Mere-Eglise: Maurice Renaud), 1944, 165pp. 4to. Signed on the title page in blue ink. Fine condition.

Lot: 38 - ALFRED MEYER

ALFRED MEYER (1891 - 1945) Deputy to Alfred Rosenberg in the Reich Ministry for the Occupied Eastern Territories. Meyer was responsible for the departments of politics, administration and economics where he directed the exploitation of the occupied Soviet areas, the suppression and murder of their inhabitants, particularly Jews, and the organization of slave labor. Committed suicide at war's end. Good association war date T.L.S. on personal letterhead, 1p. legal folio, The Hague, December 23, 1942, to fellow party member ‘Schmidt'. In part: '...Thank you very much for your lines...I am very pleased with your remarks on Mussert's relationship with the Fuhrer...I look forward to seeing you again and having a discussion with you...' A few small stains, else fine condition. 'Mussert' undoubtedly refers to Anton Mussert (1894-1946), founder of the National Socialist Movement in the Netherlands who collaborated with the German Occupation. Shortly before this, on December 13, Hitler gave Mussert the mostly nominal title 'Leader of the Dutch People' and charged him with controlling his uncooperative countrymen.

Lot: 39 - ALPHONSE JUIN

(1888 - 1967) French marshal, commanded the French Expeditionary Corps in the U.S. Fifth Army. Juin made the plan to break the Gustav line; took the Belvedere, Monte Majo, attacked the Liri valley, won the battle of the Garigliano, the battle of the East of Rome, and played an important part in the battle for Siena. Rare S.P., 5 x 7 in. b/w, a three-quarter length standing pose, boldly signed and adding 'Paris' and the date 'Feb. 16, 1952'. Very good.

Lot: 40 - ANDREI A. GRECHKO

(1903 - 1976) Soviet Marshal who desperately resisted the German advance in the south, liberated Kiev and Ukraine, and occupied Prague. Later served as the Minister of Defense. Partly-printed D.S. in Cyrillic as Commander of the Kiev Military District, 4pp. legal folio, [n.p.], 1952, a military attestation for Colonel Grygory Malyuga, Chief of Staff of an infantry brigade. Grechko signs on the bottom of the third page. Small binding holes, else very good.

Lot: 41 - ANDREY TUPOLEV AND YAKOV ALKSNIS

ANDREY TUPOLEV AND YAKOV ALKSNIS Rare manuscript military telegram signed by two important Russian military aviation figures, 1p. 8vo., Feb 20, 1937 and headed 'Top Secret', sent to 'Amtorg' in New York and concerning obtaining information on some aircraft. Signed at bottom in blue indelible pencil by ANDREI TUPOLEV (1888-1972), who designed and oversaw the design of more than 100 types of aircraft, some of which set 78 world records. His military aircraft carried the 'TU' prefix. Also signed by YAKOV ALKSNIS (1897-1938). Alksnis was the commander of the Red Army Air Forces from 1931 to 1937. In June 1937 Alksnis sat on the board of the show trial against members of Trotskyist Anti-Soviet Military Organization; he himself was arrested on Nov. 23, 1937, expelled from the Communist Party, charged with setting up a 'Latvian fascist organization' and shot July 28, 1938. A very rare signature! File holes, else very good.

Lot: 42 - ANDREY VYSHINSKI

(1883 - 1954) Soviet politician, jurist and diplomat, Soviet Foreign Minister and State Prosecutor at the Nuremburg trials. His signed book: 'Lenin and Stalin - the Great Organizers of the Soviet Government', published in 1947, 64pp. 8vo., signed on the title page in black ink, adding 'Moscow' and '1947'. The upper-right corner bears the stamped signature of notable Soviet politician MIKHAIL SUSLOV, Stalin's protege who became the Head of the Foreign Policy Department of the Central Committee shortly after World War II. This possibly indicates that Vyshinski signed this book to add to Suslov's library, quite fitting content for the man rumored to have been Stalin's 'secret heir'. Some wear to the spine, else very good.

Lot: 43 - ARLEIGH BURKE

ARLEIGH BURKE (1901 – 1996) Navy admiral who distinguished himself during World War II and the Korean War, successively commanding Destroyer Division 43, Destroyer Division 44, Destroyer Squadron 12, and Destroyer Squadron 23 in the South Pacific. T.L.S. on personal letterhead, 1p. 4to., Washington D.C., December 10, 1968, to Cadet Eldon Redfish responding to questions asked of him. In part: '...The Battle of St. George. This was not the most important battle that we fought, nor did it have the maximum impact...but it was the most successful one...We fought to win. This is not simply a trite answer. One of the most important principles of war is to win...We sank most of the enemy's ships and thereafter the enemy did not attempt any serious naval operations in the South Pacific...' Fine condition.

Lot: 44 - ARTHUR RODL

ARTHUR RODL (1898 - 1945) Sadistic Nazi concentration camp commandant, originally serving with the SS-Totenkopfverbande at Lichtenburg and Sachsenhausen. Later served as deputy to Commandant Karl-Otto Koch at Buchenwald, where he once picked five inmates at random, and had them stripped, tied to posts, and whipped until morning in tune with the prisoner orchestra. Eventually given command of Gross-Rosen concentration camp, yet soon replaced for being too 'cruel, corrupt, and drunken' for the role. Rare black ink signature on a slip bearing his typed surname 'Rodl', likely clipped from a document. Loosely pasted on a 160gm 8.5 x 11 in. card bearing his printed portrait.

Lot: 45 - ARTHUR SCHMIDT

(1895 - 1987) German general, best known for his role as the Sixth Army's chief of staff in the Battle of Stalingrad in 1942-43, during the final stages of which he became its de facto commander, playing a large role in executing Hitler's order that it stand firm despite being encircled by the Red Army. He was a prisoner of war in the Soviet Union for twelve years. Good pair of signed items, includes an A.L.S., 1p. 8vo., Bamburg, May 29, 1969, forwarding a signed photograph, as well as the photograph itself, 4 x 5.75 b/w, a candid profile in uniform, signed in blue ink at the bottom. Two pieces.

Lot: 46 - ARTUR AXMANN, OTTO KUMM, AND WILHELM MOHNKE

ARTUR AXMANN, OTTO KUMM, AND WILHELM MOHNKE A truly odd assemblage of three signatures on an FDC commemorating John Dickinson and the drafting of the Articles of Confederation, cancelled Sept. 30, 1997, and signed by ARTUR AXMANN, OTTO KUMM, and WILHELM MOHNKE. Fine condition.

Lot: 47 - ATOMIC BOMB PILOTS

ATOMIC BOMB PILOTS A fine FDC honoring the United Nations, 4 x 6 in., postmarked February 9, 1959, signed by the pilots of the two U.S. atomic bomb missions at the end of World War II, PAUL W. TIBBETS (1915 - 2007), and CHARLES W. SWEENEY (1919 - 2004). Fine condition.

Lot: 48 - ATTILIO TERUZZI

ATTILIO TERUZZI (1882 – 1950) Italian colonial administrator and Fascist politician. Teruzzi was governor of Cyrenaica in 1926–28, before returning to the military. He was Chief of Staff for the MVSN and later Minister for Italian Africa from 1939 to 1943. During the Spanish Civil War, Teruzzi was promoted to Lieutenant General and appointed Inspector General of the Blackshirts. Teruzzi followed Il Duce in his Nazi-backed refuge in Northern Italy, and helped found the Fascist Italian Social Republic. Exceptional I.S.P. inscribed to a consul, 10 x 14 in. b/w, Rome, 1933, showing Teruzzi from the chest, up in his medal-bedecked uniform. Some very light, scattered foxing to the mount, else fine.

Lot: 49 - AUGUST EIGRUBER

(1907 - 1947) Nazi Gauleiter of Oberdonau (Upper Danube) and Landeshauptmann of Upper Austria, executed for his role in the murders at Mauthausen concentration camp. Bold signature on the verso of a Vienna picture postcard, canceled Mar. 13, 1939. Fine.

Lot: 50 - BALDUR VON SCHIRACH

BALDUR VON SCHIRACH (1907 - 1974) Nazi leader of the Hitler Youth and Gauleiter of Vienna, sentenced at Nuremberg to twenty years for war crimes. Carefully-signed war-date S.P., 3 1/2 x 5 1/2 in. b/w, a profile view of von Schirach in uniform on a real-photo Hoffman postcard, signed boldly across the chest in black ink. Fine.

Lot: 51 - BENITO MUSSOLINI

BENITO MUSSOLINI (1883 - 1945) Italian dictator whose fascist supporters marched on Rome, securing him power; allied with Hitler, after many military and political setbacks he was captured and executed at war's end by partisans. Excellent I.S.P., 9.75 x 14 in. b/w, a chest, up image of the dictator in uniform inscribed in the lower margin: 'To Carmine Nere of Group Berta Mussolini Rome 23 May 1928 Year VI' A few small foxed spots in margins and a corner crease at upper-right not intruding on image, else very good.

Lot: 52 - BENITO MUSSOLINI

BENITO MUSSOLINI (1883 - 1945) Italian dictator whose fascist supporters marched on Rome, securing him power; allied with Hitler, after many military and political setbacks he was captured and executed at war's end by partisans. Partly-printed D.S. on official letterhead, 1p. legal folio., Rome, Sep. 22, 1927, the dismissal of a lieutenant from the officer corps per 'Article 71' which had been signed into law on March 11, 1926. Co-signed by VITTORIO EMANUELE III (1869-1947), King of Italy who essentially served as a figurehead during Mussolini's administration. He abdicated the throne following the end of World War II. Boldly signed by both. Disbound, light, scattered foxing, else very good.

Lot: 53 - BERNARD MONTGOMERY SIGNED RIBBON BAR PRESENTATION

BERNARD MONTGOMERY SIGNED RIBBON BAR PRESENTATION (1887 - 1976) British Field Marshal who commenced the drive at El Alamein that ultimately drove Rommel from North Africa. Also involved in the invasions of Sicily and France. Signed ribbon bar presentation, 7 x 8 in., actual service ribbons identical to those awarded to Montgomery, featuring a single ribbon at the top followed by nine rows that each contain four ribbons, for a total of 37 affixed to a black sheet. Some of the honors include Grand Cross of the Royal Order of St. Olaf, Order of the Elephant, Order of Victory, Order of Leopold, Order of the Iron Crown, and many more. Mounted to a sheet which Montgomery has signed: 'Montgomery of Alamein' with his rank of Field Marshall and the date 'March 8, 1952.' Fine condition.

Lot: 54 - BORIS YELTSIN

BORIS YELTSIN (1931-2007) Soviet and Russian politician who transformed Russia's state socialist economy into a capitalist market economy and served as the first President of the Russian Federation from 1991 to 1999. Rare signed copy of his book 'Confessions on a Given Topic' in Russian (Moscow: Socio-Commercial Firm), 1991, 191pp. 8vo. Signed on the title page in blue ink with the date 'June 21, 1995.' Fine condition.

Lot: 55 - BRUCE K. HOLLOWAY

BRUCE K. HOLLOWAY (1912-1999) USAF general, World War II fighter ace, later served as the Vice Chief of Staff for the Air Force and commander in chief of the Strategic Air Command. Good content T.L.S. 'B. K. Holloway' as general on Strategic Air Command letterhead, 2pp. 8vo., Nebraska, November 23, 1968, to Cadet John Larson responding to questions sent to him by an ROTC member in Montana State University and discussing his time in the CBI theater. In part: '...The biggest lessons I observed were perhaps negative ones with respect to what the Japanese should have done that they never did do. Perhaps the most unique part of it was that all action in China depend singularly on an airlift line of communications over the Hump. Obviously, we never did have what we needed and had to make the most of the support we did receive. Occasionally the Japanese would bomb Kunming, the eastern terminus of the Hump run. They would always lose a lot of airplanes and retire to their bases...without any follow up for a considerable period. If they had been willing to accept their losses for several days in a row, they would have run us out of gas and ammunition and all allied operations in Central China would have ceased...They never did seem to understand this and made an onslaught the hard way...There were several for whom I have had great admiration, including my boss at that time, General Chennault. He was perhaps the best tactician I have ever known...' Fine condition.

Lot: 56 - 'CAMP ASHCAN' PRISONERS

'CAMP ASHCAN' PRISONERS A fine document containing the signatures of five Nazi prisoners who were held at 'Camp Ashcan' in Luxembourg following the conclusion of World War II. The camp served as a processing and interrogation center for 86 of the most prominent surviving Nazi leaders including Hermann Goring, Karl Donitz, and Alfred Jodl. The document is 1p. 4to., 'Bad Mondorf' [for 'Mondorf-les-Bains, the name of the Luxembourg town], August 7, 1945, titled 'Zur freundlicher Erinneung' ('In friendly remembrance') followed by the signatures of ERNEST BOHLE (1903 - 1960) NSDAP Foreign organization leader, ERICH DETHELEFSEN (1904- 1980) German general, member of the Heer General Staff, HERMANN REINECKE (1888 - 1973) Head of the General Office of the Armed Forces in the OKW, JACOB NAGEL State Secretary of the Reich Post Ministry, and PAUL WEGENER (1908 - 1993) Nazi Party official, Gauleiter of Gau Weser Ems. Fine condition.

Lot: 57 - CARDINAL MICHAEL VON FAULHABER

CARDINAL MICHAEL VON FAULHABER (1869-1952) Controversial Catholic prelate and Archbishop of Munich from 1917 until his death. Maintained diplomatic relations between the Church and the Nazi regime during World War II while still condemning certain policies such as the persecution of clergy members, and in some ways supported anti-Semitic policies of the NSDAP. S.P., 3.5 x 5.5 in. b/w, a seated pose of Faulhaber in clerical robes, signed at the bottom. Lightly toned with a few spots of smeared ink.

Lot: 58 - CARL FRIEDRICH GOERDELER

(1884-1945) German conservative politician, executive, and opponent of the Nazi regime and a staunch anti-Nazi. Had the 20 July plot to assassinate Hitler of 1944 succeeded, Goerdeler would have served as the Chancellor of the new government. He was executed by hanging on February 2, 1945. Very rare T.N.S. 'Goerdeler', 1p. 4to., Leipzig, June 2, 1930, thanking a Bertha Hoffmann for sending him congratulations and a 'beautiful poem'. This letter was notably sent just a couple weeks after his election to mayor of Leipzig. Signed in black ink at the conclusion. Usual folds, signature notably smudged, else very good.

Lot: 59 - CHARLES E. YEAGER

CHARLES E. YEAGER (b. 1923) United States Air Force officer, flying ace, and record-setting test pilot, the first pilot confirmed to have exceeded the speed of sound in level flight. Fine I.S.P., 5.5 x 7 in., b/w, an image of Yeager standing in front of his World War II P-51 Mustang which he named 'Glamourous Glen' after his future wife. Fine condition.

Lot: 60 - CHARLES PORTAL

CHARLES PORTAL (1893 - 1971) British Royal Air Force Marshal, Chief of the Air Staff, commander in Chief of Bomber Command. Partly-printed D.S. as a Royal Flying Corps squad commander, 1p. legal folio, Lens, February 18, 1916, an official report of an air combat incident. In part: '...Remarks on Hostile Aircraft: Hun two seater possible patrol machine, two guns back and forward, 70 Mph...Narrative: while patrolling over Lens at 8:30 a.m. encountered one E.A. [Enemy Aircraft] two seater at about 7,000 feet and fired one drum at it from Lewis Gun...immediately returned to his own lines firing a few rounds from rear gun as it went...' Signed at the conclusion. Edge wear to the top margin with a few small holes, else fine.

Lot: 61 - CHARLES W. LINDBERG

(1920 - 2007) U.S. Marine who was part of the combat patrol that climbed Mount Suribachi and raised the first of two U.S. flags on the summit during the battle of Iwo Jima. S.P., 8 x 10 in. b/w, a scanned reprint of Lindberg and his comrades replacing the first flag atop Mount Suribachi with a larger flag hours later, bearing a small scanned caption at bottom. Lindberg signs at top in bold black ink, adding '1st Flag Raiser, Iwo Jima'. Fine.

Lot: 62 - CHARLES W. LINDBERG

(1920 - 2007) U.S. Marine who was part of the combat patrol that climbed Mount Suribachi and raised the first of two U.S. flags on the summit during the battle of Iwo Jima. S.P., 8 x 10 in. b/w, a scanned reprint of Lindberg and his comrades replacing the first flag atop Mount Suribachi with a larger flag hours later, bearing a small scanned caption at bottom. Lindberg signs at top in bold black ink, adding '1st Flag Raiser, Iwo Jima'. Fine.

Lot: 63 - CHARLES W. LINDBERG

(1920 - 2007) U.S. Marine who was part of the combat patrol that climbed Mount Suribachi and raised the first of two U.S. flags on the summit during the battle of Iwo Jima. Great S.P., 8 x 10 in. b/w, a reprinted image of the first flag raising atop Mount Suribachi. Lindberg signs in full at top-right, adding '1st Flag Raiser, Iwo Jima Feb. 23, 1945 10:30 A.M.' Fine. Of the 40 man platoon that made the climb up Mount Suribachi and raised the first U.S. flag, 36 were killed or wounded in the subsequent fighting on Iwo Jima.

Lot: 64 - CHARLES W. LINDBERG AND IWO JIMA VETERANS

(1920 - 2007) U.S. Marine who was part of the combat patrol that climbed Mount Suribachi and raised the first of two U.S. flags on the summit during the battle of Iwo Jima. Great S.P., 8 x 10 in. b/w, an image of Lindberg and his comrades who raised the first flag atop Mount Suribachi on Iwo Jima, signed in full and adding: '1st Flag Raiser, Iwo Jima Feb. 23, 1945. 10:30 AM'. The image is also boldly signed by JOHN KEITH WELLS (1922-2016) who was in charge of leading the assault on Mount Suribachi, JAMES 'CHICK' ROBESON (1926-2004), part of Marine squad to first reach the summit of Mt. Surabachi, RAYMOND JACOBS (1926-2008), and RICHARD WHEELER (1922-2009), who later became a military historian and author. Fine. Of the 40 men in Lindberg's platoon who mounted Suribachi, 36 would be killed or wounded in action for the island would be secured.

Lot: 65 - CHARLES W. SWEENEY

CHARLES W. SWEENEY (1919-2004) American Army pilot, commander of 'Bockscar', the plane that dropped the atomic bomb on Nagasaki, Japan, Aug. 9, 1945. S.P., 11.75 x 8 in., color, an image of his plane Bockscar, signed at the top right adding 'Pilot, Bockscar, Nagasaki, April 9, 1945.' Very fine.

Lot: 66 - CHESTER W. NIMITZ

CHESTER W. NIMITZ (1885 - 1966) American admiral, Commander in Chief of the U.S. Pacific Fleet during World War II and largely responsible for the successful 'island-hopping' campaign against the Japanese. Pair of signed items, includes a most desirable I.S.P signed twice, 8.75 x 6.25, b/w, depicting Nimitz signing the Japanese Instrument of Surrender, he signs over the pictured surrender document 'C.W. Nimitz US Representative.' Mounted. Nimitz also inscribes the mount, writing 'To J.E. Stokes with best wishes and great appreciation, C.W. Nimitz, Fleet Admiral, USN.' Also included is an A.N.S., 1p. 8vo., [n.p., n.d] to the same recipient of the photo, in full: 'I suggest that you ask Admiral of the Fleet Lord Bruce Fraser RN to sign the picture just to the left of his person' Some adhesive reside and stains to the mount, else both in fine condition.

Lot: 67 - CHESTER W. NIMITZ

CHESTER W. NIMITZ (1885 - 1966) American admiral, Commander in Chief of the U.S. Pacific Fleet during World War II and largely responsible for the successful 'island-hopping' campaign against the Japanese. Typed D.S. 'C.W. Nimitz' as Chief of the Bureau of Navigation, 1p. 4to., Washington D.C., July 5, 1939, response to a resignation request for Ensign Burrows W. Morgan. He states in part: '...The receipt of your references is acknowledged...The Bureau regrets that it will be unable to accept your resignation...as no relief is available for you at present...' File holes to the top margin, three tears have been repaired on the verso.

Lot: 68 - CLAIRE L. CHENNAULT

CLAIRE L. CHENNAULT (1890 - 1958) American Army aviator who established the volunteer-staffed Flying Tigers to fight the Japanese invasion of China. He has also been (unofficially) credited with over 40 'kills'. Perfect ink signature: 'C. L. Chennault' on a 4 x 2 in. sheet (sight) very nicely double-matted with a photograph of the general in beige, black and gray with gold fillets, set into a brushed black steel frame. Very fine.

Lot: 69 - CURTIS LEMAY

CURTIS LEMAY (1906-1990) U.S. Air Force general who implemented a controversial bombing campaign against Japan in the late stages of World War II, later Chief of Staff of the U.S Air Force and running mate with pro-segregation candidate George Wallace in the 1968 presidential election. Large signed limited edition print titled 'Lest We Forget' by artist William S. Phillips, 34 x 22.5 in. (sight), color, a collage image of seven different illustrations showing planes in flight including the P-51, P-47, P-38, B-17, B-24, B-26, and the F-11. Lemay signs below the center image. Also signed by six other pilots of the 8th Air Force. Matted and framed. Very fine condition.

Lot: 70 - DESIDERIUS HAMPEL

DESIDERIUS HAMPEL (1895-1981) Waffen SS general who commanded the 13th Waffen Mountain Division. Fine S.P., 3.5 x 5 in., b/w, chest up side profile pose in uniform, signed across his image in blue ink. Fine condition.

Lot: 71 - DESMOND DOSS

DESMOND DOSS (1919 - 2006) U.S Army Corporal and combat medic, famous as the only conscientious objector to ever receive a Medal of Honor. Doss's actions inspired the Oscar winning 2016 movie 'Hacksaw Ridge.' Signed FDC honoring the U.S. military's highest decoration, the Medal of Honor, 4 x 6 in., postmarked June 7, 1983, signed in black ink. Fine condition.

Lot: 72 - DICK WINTERS

DICK WINTERS (1918-2011) Army officer and decorated war veteran, commander of Co. 'E', 2nd Battalion, 506th Parachute Infantry Regiment, 101st Airborne Division, made famous in HBO's 'Band of Brothers.' A great I.S.P., 5.75 x 7.75 in., color, chest up pose of Winters in uniform, inscribed with the quote 'Hang Tough' in the top right. Fine condition.

Lot: 73 - DOOLITTLE RAIDERS (11)

A fantastic S.P., 10 x 8 in., showing the planes of the famous 'Doolittle Raid' before takeoff from the USS Hornet, signed on the face by eleven raiders, including Doolittle's co-pilot RICHARD E. COLE, EDWARD TAYLOR, BILL BOWERS, DAVY JONES, WILLIAM BIRCH, etc. Each signer also adds their aircraft number. Fine condition.

Lot: 74 - EBERHARD GRAF VON NOSTITZ

EBERHARD GRAF VON NOSTITZ (1906-1983) German officer who served in multiple armored divisions. Good content war date T.L.S. on 2nd Armored Army letterhead, 1p. 4to., 'Army H.Q.' December 30, 1944, to Hungarian general Jozef Heszlenyi (1890-1945) sharing sentiments and hope for the future. In part: '...The year 1944 which has presented us with difficult crises and decisions, is drawing to a close. In my mind it is bound up with the memory of those months in Hungary's and Germany's joint struggle, in which I had the honor of participating under your command...Despite the many different fronts on which I have served, I am not exaggerating when I say that this one has come to mean the most to me. I feel all the more sorrow over the difficult situation in which Hungary is currently places. But I should like to express the hope...that this assault which Asia is making at present making on Europe will be dispersed by Hungarians and Germans fighting side by side...' Fine condition.

Lot: 75 - ENNIS WHITEHEAD

ENNIS WHITEHEAD (1895 - 1964) American Air Force lieutenant general, commanded the Fifth Air Force in the South Pacific during World War II and led it to victory at the Bismarck Sea. Whitehead's innovations led to further successes throughout the theater, especially at Leyte. S.P., 9 x 12 in. b/w, a chest-up standing pose in uniform, signed on the front, adding rank 'Lt Gen USAF'. Slightly creased, else fine.

Lot: 76 - ENOLA GAY CREWMEMBERS

A fine signed lithograph titled 'Atomic Warfare is Born', color, 24 x 18 in., featuring an illustration of the Enola Gay in flight, signed by three of the crew members including PAUL TIBBETS (1915-2007), THOMAS FEREBEE (1918-2000), and THEODORE 'DUTCH' VAN KIRK (1921-2014). Very fine condition.

Lot: 77 - ENOLA GAY CREWMEMBERS

A fine glossy poster, 18 x 24 in., published by the Buckeye Publishing Co, titled 'Atomic Warfare is Born', features a printed illustration of the Enola Gay in flight with a description of the day of the bombing. Signing the poster are two crewmembers including PAUL TIBBETS (1915-2007) and TOM FEREBEE (1918-2000). Very fine condition.

Lot: 78 - ENOLA GAY CREWMEMBERS

A fine glossy poster, 18 x 24 in., published by the Buckeye Publishing Co, titled 'Atomic Warfare is Born', features a printed illustration of the Enola Gay in flight with a description of the day of the bombing. Signing the poster are three crewmembers including PAUL TIBBETS (1915-2007), DUTCH VAN KIRK (1921-2014), and TOM FEREBEE (1918-2000). Lightly creased at top edges, else fine.

Lot: 79 - ENOLA GAY SIGNED 'FIRST ATOMIC STRIKE FORCE' POEM

ENOLA GAY SIGNED 'FIRST ATOMIC STRIKE FORCE' POEM Fione D.S., 1p. 4to., the text of the poem: 'First Atomic Strike Force' beginning: 'Into the air the secret rose, Where they're going, nobody knows. Tomorrow they'll return again, But we;ll never know where they've been...' Signed in the margins by pilot PAUL TIBBETS, navigator THEODORE J. VAN KIRK, bombardier TOM FEREBEE, tail gunner GEORGE CARON, and weapons test officer MORRIS JEPPSON. All have added their positions to their signatures. Fine.

Lot: 80 - ENOLA GAY SIGNED B-29 MODEL

ENOLA GAY SIGNED B-29 MODEL A great signed piece of memorabilia, a Corgi die-cast metal replic of the B-29 Superfortress Enola Gay, 11.5 in. wingspan, nicely detailed, with the supporting stand signed by pilot PAUL TIBBETS as 'Paul Tibbets PILOT 6 AUG 1945' and 'Dutch Van Kirk Navigator Enola Gay' In pristine condition with all accessories in the original Corgi box.

Lot: 81 - ENOLA GAY SIGNED FLIGHT LOG

Excellent signed color poster headed 'Navigator's Log of the 'Enola Gay', 18 x 24 in., a reprint of the three-page navigator's log of the aircraft that dropped the first atomic bomb on Hiroshima on August 6, 1945, with the log clearly indicating 'Bomb Away' and the plane's immediate turn 'Circle E of Target', with printed explanatory text and a map at bottom. The bottom is boldly signed by Pilot PAUL TIBBETS, Navigator THEODORE 'DUTCH' VAN KIRK and Bombardier THOMAS N. FEREBEE. Very fine condition.

Lot: 82 - (ENOLA GAY) PAUL TIBBETS

(ENOLA GAY) PAUL TIBBETS (1915 - 2008) American bomber pilot of the Enola Gay, which dropped the first atomic bomb on Hiroshima, August 6, 1945. His signed book 'Return of the Enola Gay' (Columbus: Mid Coast Marketing), 1998. 340pp. 8vo. in black cloth with silver title, signed on the frontis portrait by Tibbets and dated '2002'. Untouched condition, with dust jacket and a photo of Tibbets at a book signing for this book.

Lot: 83 - 'MEMPHIS BELLE' CREWMEMBERS

'MEMPHIS BELLE' CREWMEMBERS A great S.P., 8 x 10 in., b/w, depicting the crewmembers of the 'Memphis Belle', one of the first B-17 bombers to complete 25 bombing missions against German targets, in front of their bomber. Signed by multiple individuals including ROBERT MORGAN, TONY NASTAL, HAROLD LOCH, ROBERT HANSEN, JIM VERINIS, and JOHN QUINLAN. Fine condition.

Lot: 84 - ERHARD MILCH

ERHARD MILCH (1892 - 1972) Co-creator with Goring of the Nazi's Luftwaffe, promoted to the rank of field marshal, later tried at Nuremburg and imprisoned until 1954. Ornate partly-printed D.S., 1p. sm. folio, Berlin, April 1, 1936, a Reichsdienst promotion for a technical assistant, boldly signed at bottom with blind-embossed eagle. Fine condition.

Lot: 85 - ERHARD MILCH

ERHARD MILCH (1892 - 1972) Co-creator with Göring of the Nazi's Luftwaffe, promoted to the rank of field marshal, later tried at Nuremburg and imprisoned until 1954. WAR CRIMINAL MILCH FEARS HE AND FELLOW GENERALS WILL BE DENIED THEIR CIVIL RIGHTS Pair of important signed documents and one draft, all emanating from Milch's re-trial days while he was held at Nuremberg. Included is a T.L.S., 1p. 4to., Dec. 20, 1945, in German to Major AIREY NEAVE (1916-1979), serving with the International Military Tribunal, who had read the indictments to the defendants two months earlier. Milch's letter reads, in part: '...On behalf of the officers of the former German air force enumerated below I request with regard to the indictment against the 'General Staff'...That an officer may be admitted as Chief Counsel...That at the side of this officer there may be put a lawyer...That the enumerated officers may be heard personally by the Tribunal...That the accused personas and the accusations made against them may be made known may be made known, in order to prepare defence in regard to selecting and proposing the chief counsel, the witnesses,etc...' At bottom, Milch lists those for whom he advocates, namely: ALBERT KESSELRING, HUGO SPERRLE, HANS-JURGEN STUMPF, and himself. Also included is the translation of this letter, with pencil annotations by the translator. Both are mounted to heavy stock, back-to-back. Also included is a second letter by Milch, 1p. to., Nuremberg, Jan. 4, 1946, in German to Lord GEOFFREY LAWRENCE (1880-1971), the chief British justice at Nuremberg. Calling himself 'an English prisoner of war', Milch asks that he be allowed to forward to Lawrence the same type of petition as von Brauchitsch had (ie: the piece offered above), 'in the name of the higher ranking generals of the former German air force...' Mounted. Very good to fine. After initially and then later refusing to testify against the major war criminals, Milch received his own trial. He was convicted of participating in the ill-treatment and use of the forced labor of prisoners of war and the deportation of civilians to the same ends, and crimes against humanity by participating in the murder, extermination, enslavement, deportation, imprisonment, torture, and the use of slave labor of civilians who came under German control, German nationals and prisoners of war. These documents originate from the files of Hans Werner, Director of Printing for the International Military Tribunal in Nuremberg. It was his task to publish the 42-volume record of the trial using this document and scores of others. Following completion of his task, Werner was permitted to retain possession of the documents, which were never tagged as evidence. They were then sold by autograph expert Charles Hamilton in his auctions, in 1979.

Lot: 86 - ERHARD MILCH

ERHARD MILCH (1892 - 1972) Co-creator with Göring of the Nazi's Luftwaffe, promoted to the rank of field marshal, later tried at Nuremburg and imprisoned until 1954. S.P, 4.25 x 6 in., b/w, an official Belgian press photograph depicting a chest up pose of Milch in uniform, signed across his image in blue ink. Press tag affixed to the verso. Accompanied by an unsigned Hoffman postcard of Milch in uniform. Fine condition.

Lot: 87 - (ERNST HECHLER)

(ERNST HECHLER) (1907 - 1965) German Luftwaffe bomber pilot and also a successful U-boat commander. Credited with flying 65 combat missions as well as sinking four ships and one destroyer escort. War date award citation, 1p. 8vo, Berlin, August 12, 1944, granting him the Pilot/Observer badge. Accompanied by two unsigned photographs of Hechler, each 4.25 x 5.75 in., b/w, chest up poses of him in uniform, one Luftwaffe, and one Kriegsmarine. Fine condition.

Lot: 88 - ERICH HARTMANN AND ADOLF GALLAND

ERICH HARTMANN AND ADOLF GALLAND A great hand drawn and colorful illustration of the two World War II German fighter aces dressed in uniform, 1p. 4to., [n.p.], dated 1984. Both sign above their respective image. Fine condition.

Lot: 89 - 'GREAT ESCAPE' SURVIVORS

'GREAT ESCAPE' SURVIVORS A great pair of photographs signed by two survivors of the famous 'Great Escape' from Stalag Luft III prison in March of 1944 which inspired the Hollywood film of the same name. The two 8.5 x 11 in. photos are signed by the individuals pictured, SYDNEY DOWSE (1918 - 2008), and BERTRAM JAMES (1915 - 2008). Fine condition.

Lot: 90 - ERICH LUDENDORFF

ERICH LUDENDORFF (1865 - 1937) German general and politician, with Hindenburg in World War I, he was responsible for the defeat of Russia, and later nearly crushed the Allies on the Western Front. Later, he joined forces with Hitler in the Beer Hall Putsch and became a member of the Reichstag. S.P., 3.5 x 5.5 b/w, a portrait lithograph signed at the bottom with poor contrast. Light fold from left affects the image, else very good.

Lot: 91 - ERICH RAEDER

ERICH RAEDER (1876 - 1960) Commander and Chief of the German Navy (1933 - 1943) who was largely responsible for its expansion. Retired over growing differences with Hitler. War date T.L.S. 'Raeder' on official letterhead, 1p. 8vo., Berlin, November 24, 1942, to Kapitanleutnant Wolf Heinrich Retzmann sending him congratulations on his recent wedding. Accompanied by a corresponding envelope. Very fine.

Lot: 92 - ERICH RAEDER

ERICH RAEDER (1876 - 1960) Commander and Chief of the German Navy (1933 - 1943) who was largely responsible for its expansion. Retired over growing differences with Hitler. Fine S.P. 'Raeder', 3.75 x 5.75., b/w, a Hoffman postcard showing a chest up pose in uniform prominently wearing his Knights Cross, signed across his image. A few small stains around the margin else fine.

Lot: 93 - ERICH TOPP

ERICH TOPP (1914 - 2005) German U-boat captain, the third most successful of the war, and a recipient of the Knight's Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords. S.P., 4 x 6 in., color, an image of a ship at sea. Also signing is fellow U-boat captain KARL FRIEDRICH MERTEN (1905-1993). Fine condition.

Lot: 94 - ERICH VON MANSTEIN

ERICH VON MANSTEIN (1887 - 1973) German field marshal who devised the plan to conquer France, held various commands on the Russian front, sacked by Hitler for a retreat. MANSTEIN ASKS LEAVE FROM NUREMBERG PRISON FOR CHRISTMAS. Incredible content T.L.S. in German while a prisoner at Nuremberg, 1p. 4to., December 11, 1945, to the commandant of the Nuremberg Prison, Colonel Burton C. Andrus incredibly requesting a leave for the Christmas season. In full: 'I request you to grant me, in accordance with the provisions of the Geneva Convention, and on the basis of my giving my word of honor, leave in the British sector during the Christmas recess in the trial proceedings. Reason: Important family matters. My family house is in the British zone within the area of Camp F. in Holstein.' File holes to the top margin, toned. Of course, such an arrogant request was summarily denied. Manstein was later convicted of nine war crimes, included shooting Soviet war prisoners, carrying out the commissar order, and allowing subordinates to shoot civilians.

Lot: 95 - ERICH VON MANSTEIN

ERICH VON MANSTEIN (1887-1973) German field marshal who devised the plan to conquer France, held various commands on the Russian front, sacked by Hitler for a retreat. S.P., 4.75 x 3.75, b/w, official Hoffman photograph featuring a chest up pose in uniform prominently wearing his Knights Cross, signed across his image. Some adhesive residue on the verso, else fine.

Lot: 96 - ERICH VON MANSTEIN

ERICH VON MANSTEIN (1887 - 1973) German field marshal who devised the plan to conquer France, held various commands on the Russian front, sacked by Hitler for a retreat. Terrific S.P., 4 x 6 in. b/w, a great pose with cigar in hand, signed with rank 'Feldmarshall' in the white bottom margin. Fine. In 2020 we sold this same signed image for $700.

Lot: 97 - ERNIE PYLE

ERNIE PYLE (1900 - 1945) American journalist who covered the Allied campaigns in North Africa, Sicily, France and the Far East, killed at Okinawa. Signed hardcover book, 'Brave Men' (New York: Harry Holt and Co.), 1944, 329pp. 8vo., a record of World War II events based on Pyle's dispatches from July 1943 through the liberation of Paris, signed on the front fly leaf. Cover slightly worn, with original dust jacket. Fine condition.

Lot: 98 - ERNST FOLZ

ERNST FOLZ (1880 - 1953) German civil servant, Chief of the Presidential Chancellery 1920-45. Unusual T.L.S., 1p. legal folio, Berlin, March 1930, in German, a satirical song sending Otto Meissner best wishes on his 50th birthday, signed at the conclusion. Accompanied by a mailing envelope. File holes to the left margin, small tear to the top, overall good. Otto Meissner (1880 - 1953) Nazi Nuremberg defendant who served as Reichsminister and Minister of the Presidential Chancellery.

Lot: 99 - ERNST GERMER

ERNST GERMER (1917 - 1990) German lieutenant in the Fallschrimjager during World War II serving in Poland, Norway, and on the Eastern front, Knight's Cross recipient. S.P., 5 x 7 in., a printed portrait of Germer in a chest up seated pose in uniform. Signed across his chest. Fine condition.

Lot: 100 - ERNST ROHM

ERNST ROHM (1887 - 1934) Nazi Brownshirt, who organized, trained and headed the SA, a friend of Hitler who was at his side in the 1923 Beer Hall Putsch, later set up, and executed by Hitler following their disagreement on the use of the two million-strong SA. Excellent association photo postcard addressed to Rohm's hairstylist August Weismann, showing Rohm and an unidentified man in Venice and signed by both men on the verso. A penciled inscription, likely not written in Rohm's hand, reads: 'No further comment needed - Heil and Sieg'. Beneath this, Rohm signs: 'Sincerely yours Ernst Rohm'. One non-intrusive stain, else fine condition, with a Venetian hand-cancel dated Sept. 30, 1931. Fascinatingly, it was to Weismann that Rohm voiced his loyalty to the royal family shortly after Hitler's rise to power. According to Weismann, Rohm once had 'the picture of Crown Prince Rupprecht as well as that of Adolf Hitler on his desk. When the hairdresser said to Rohm, 'You put Hitler next to the Crown Prince', Rohm notably replied: 'It is not Hitler who is my Fuehrer, but the Crown Prince Rupprecht as before; Because I am and will remain loyal to the king as long as I live...' Four years after this note was sent, Rohm would be murdered at Hitler's direction in the Night of the Long Knives, partly due to his fears over Rohm's suspected treachery and disloyalty.

Lot: 101 - ERWIN FISCHER

ERWIN FISCHER (1912-1996) Luftwaffe pilot and recipient of the Knight's Cross with Oak Leaves participated in the campaigns in Britain, France, North Africa, and Malta. S.P., 3.75 x 5.5 in., b/w, a Hoffman postcard depicting a chest up pose of Fischer in uniform prominently wearing his Knights Cross, signed at the bottom. Some adhesive stains on the verso, else fine.

Lot: 102 - (USS INDIANAPOLIS) ROBERT ADRIAN MARKS

(USS INDIANAPOLIS) ROBERT ADRIAN MARKS (1917-1998) U.S. Navy pilot who was present during Pearl Harbor but became famous when he disobeyed orders after the sinking of the USS Indianapolis by landing in open ocean to rescue survivors. He would save 56 crewmen in total and would be awarded the Air Medal. S.P., 8 x 10 in., b/w, showing a plane in flight, signed adding the date of his feat. Fine condition.

Lot: 103 - 'THE VENLO INCIDENT'

'THE VENLO INCIDENT' RICHARD HENRY STEVENS (1893 – 1967) Head of the Passport Control Office (PCO) of the British Secret Intelligence Service in the Netherlands. On Nov. 9, 1939 British Secret Intelligence Service agents were captured five meters from the German border, on the outskirts of the Dutch town of Venlo, following Germany's discovery of their conspiracy in a plot on Hitler's life. The incident was used by the German government to wrongly link Britain to Georg Elser's failed assassination attempt on Hitler at the Burgerbraukeller in Munich a day earlier, and to help justify Germany's invasion of the Netherlands on May 10, 1940. Rare S.P. adding rank as lieutenant colonel, 5 x 9 in. b/w, a candid postwar photo of Stevens meeting with Hitler's photographer, Heinrich Hoffmann. Stevens adds: 'The Venlo Incident 9/ Nov. 1939' beside his signature. Fine.

Lot: 104 - ERWIN J. ROMMEL

ERWIN J. ROMMEL (1891 - 1944) German field marshal whose Afrika Corps threw back repeated British and American assaults in North Africa, later he defended Normandy and ultimately was forced to commit suicide due to his implication in the Hitler bomb plot. Typed D.S. as 'General der Panzertruppen und Befehlshaber der Panzergruppe Afrika', 2pp. 4to., 'Headquarters' [North Africa], Nov. 18, 1941, his approval of the award of the War Merit Cross, 2nd Class with Swords to a two staff officer in his command. File holes, else fine.

Lot: 105 - FEDOR TOLBUKHIN

FEDOR TOLBUKHIN (1894 - 1949) Soviet Marshal, chief of staff of the Crimean Front, fought in the Ukraine and then assisted in the capture of most of Bulgaria and Yugoslavia. Partly printed D.S. in Cyrillic, 4pp. 4to., [n.p.], August 8, 1945, largely untranslated but a military attestation of Head Commissar of the 3rd Paratrooper division Col. Dimitri Tarshin. Tolbukhin signs on the right of the fourth page as Marshal of the Soviet Union. Cosigned by fellow generals SERGEI TROFIMENKO (1899-1953), and IVAN SUSAIKOV (1903-1962). Light edgewear, pinholes to the left margin, else fine.

Lot: 106 - FENG YUXIANG

FENG YUXIANG (1882 - 1948) Chinese warlord and a leader of the Republic of China. He served as Vice Premier of 'the Republic of China from 1928 to 1930. He was also known as the 'Christian General for his zeal to convert his troops, and the 'Traitorous General' for his penchant to break with the establishment. Although a 'blood brother' with Chiang Kai-Shek, the two broke and Feng led his own forces against the Japanese. He died in a mysterious ship fire. Labeled a 'good warlord' by Mao Zedong and buried with honors. Rare manuscript D.S., 1p. 4to., in Chinese, largely untranslated but appears to refer to the entrance into law school for an acquaintance. Fine condition.

Lot: 107 - FRANZ HALDER

FRANZ HALDER (1884 -1972) One-time German chief of staff until transferred to the reserves by Hitler due to policy disputes. Suspected of plotting against Hitler's life in 1944, he was interned at Flossenburg until his rescue by the Allies. 4.25 x 5.75 in., b/w, a printed illustrated portrait of Halder in uniform, signed at the bottom with rank. Another hand in green ink adds 'Carpe Diem.' Fine condition.

Lot: 108 - FRANZ SCHWEDE

(1888 - 1960) Nazi German politician, Lord Mayor of Coburg and Gauleiter of Pomerania, tried and convicted of war crimes in 1938. An early supporter of Adolf Hitler, Schwede used intimidation and propaganda to help elect the first Nazi-majority local government in Germany. Fine S.P., 3.75 x 5.5 in. b/w, a chest-up view of Schwede in uniform, signed across his image and carefully dated: '25.5.38' Fine.

Lot: 109 - FRANZ VON PAPEN

(1879-1969) Chancellor of Germany and Vice Chancellor in Hitler's early years of power, von Papen was accused and later acquitted of war crimes. Good association T.L.S. in English, 1p. 4to., Obersasbach, Oct. 6, 1957, addressed only to a 'friend.' In part: '...Wernher v. Braun's father is an old friend of mine and he was Minister of Agriculture in my Cabinet. I know the sons too of course and Wernher has been at home this summer...the sovereign position of the Federal States vis-a-vis the Central Government...dominates the integration question and may have very far reaching consequences on the inner sector of USA policy. The left and communist papers throughout the world think it is a wonderful opportunity for leftist propaganda...' Much more great political content, discussing socialism, the election of German chancellor LUDWIG ERHARD, and Germany's lack of a 'Middle-East policy', adding: '...We Germans could do a lot - but we do not and continue to hope the French might settle it alone. A long missed opportunity!' von Papen adds one pen mark to the left margin of the first page, and adds numerous hand-inked emendations. Light central folds, else fine.

Lot: 110 - FRANZ VON PAPEN

FRANZ VON PAPEN (1879 - 1969) Chancellor of Germany and Vice Chancellor in Hitler's early years of power, von Papen was accused and later acquitted of war crimes. S.P., 3.5 x 5.5 b/w, a Christmas greeting with a photograph of his home in Germany, 1953, with a friendly greeting penned in English. Fine.

Lot: 111 - WILHELM FRICK CLAIMS INNOCENCE IN FOREIGN WAR CRIMES

WILHELM FRICK CLAIMS INNOCENCE IN FOREIGN WAR CRIMES WILHELM FRICK (1877-1946) Nazi Minister of the Interior, author of the Nuremberg Laws. Hanged at Nuremberg for his crimes. Fine content partly-printed D.S. 'Frick' in indelible pencil, 1p. legal folio, Nuremberg, Jan. 18, 1946, a submission to the International Military Tribunal: 'Defendant's Application for Summons for Witness' to be called in Frick's defense. Frick asks that '[Wilhelm] Stuckart], State Secretary in the Interior Ministry, be summoned, his location: 'Court House prison in Nuernberg'. He claims: '...[Stuckart] was the head of the central office in the Reich Ministry of Interior. He is informed about the tasks and activities of this office. This office had no executive power in the occupied territories. Compared to the other ministries, it was a concentrating bureaucratic central office for the assimilation of laws...These facts are relevant to my defense for the following reasons...Frick can not be held responsible for occurrences in the occupied territories. He had no influence whatever over the executive organs, especially over the Police, in the occupied areas since it was not under his jurisdiction but entirely under the Reichsfuhrer SS...' Also signed by OTTO PANNENBECKER, Frick's lead defense attorney. Mounted to heavy stock, else very good. Of course, this was a blatant lie, as Frick presided over the annexation of territories and the denationalization of their inhabitants in violation of the Hague Conventions. Frick also devised the basic legislation for the disfranchisement of conquered peoples and was the 'Protector of Bohemia and Moravia', a position in which he personally ordered the enslavement and murder of thousands of Jews and other Czechs. This document originates from the files of Hans Werner, Director of Printing for the International Military Tribunal in Nuremberg. It was his task to publish the 42-volume record of the trial using this document and scores of others. Following completion of his task, Werner was permitted to retain possession of the documents, which were never tagged as evidence. They were then sold by autograph expert Charles Hamilton in his auctions, in 1979.

Lot: 112 - FRIEDRICH AUGUST SCHACK

FRIEDRICH AUGUST SCHACK (1892 - 1968) German general of infantry, briefly led the defense of Aachen and the Siegfried Line, most known for his pyrrhic defense of Caen after the Allied invasion of Normandy. War date D.S., 1p. 8vo., 'In the field', September 1, 1943, an award citation for Wilhelm Kraft honoring him with a 2nd Class War Merit Cross with Swords, signed at the conclusion. File holes to the left margin, light toning.

Lot: 113 - FRIEDRICH CHRISTIANSEN

FRIEDRICH CHRISTIANSEN (1879 – 1972) World War I German ace credited with thirteen 'kills', Korpsführer of the National Socialist Flyers Corps, or NSFK, commander of the Wehrmacht in the Netherlands. Convicted of war crimes. I.S.P., 4.75 x 7.25 b/w, a candid pose in uniform boldly signed and heavily annotated on the mount. Fine.

Lot: 114 - FRIEDRICH GEISSHARDT

FRIEDRICH GEISSHARDT (1919 - 1943) German Luftwaffe fighter ace and recipient of the Knight's Cross with Oak Leaves, credited with 102 victories in 642 combat missions, including 37 close air support missions. He achieved 63 of his victories over the Eastern Front. He was mortally wounded in combat with U.S. bombers on April 5, 1943. S.P., 3.25 x 4.5. in., b/w, chest up pose in uniform, signed across the chest. Fine condition.

Lot: 115 - FRIEDRICH GUSTAV VON BROCKDORFF

FRIEDRICH GUSTAV VON BROCKDORFF (1891-1944) Colonel in the German Heer during World War II, served as a military attache in Poland, died as a result of wounds sustained in Zagreb during an uprising. Fine I.S.P., 4.75 x 6.75 in., b/w, chest up pose in uniform, signed on the matting with a dedication to Italian Lt. Gen. Mario Marazzani (1887-1969) and dated Warsaw, October 1937. Mounted. Very fine condition.

Lot: 116 - FRIEDRICH PAULUS

FRIEDRICH PAULUS (1890 - 1957) German field marshal who headed the 6th Army's drive on Stalingrad. Paulus found himself surrounded there and surrendered his starving army on Jan. 31, 1943. He returned to Germany to testify at the Nuremberg War Crimes trials. Rare postal cover signed twice as a prisoner of the Soviets, 6 x 4.5 in., [n.d., but before his release in 1953], addressed by him to his daughter: 'Fraulein Paulus' in 'Deutschland US Zone', the verso bearing his full signature and address in German and Russian: 'UdSSR-CCCP Moskau...' With a photo of his surrender at Stalingrad. Very good.

Lot: 117 - FRIEDRICH RUGE

FRIEDRICH RUGE (1894-1985) Kriegsmarine officer, naval advisor to Erwin Rommel, and recipient of the Knight's Cross. War date T.L.S. ‘F. Ruge' on office letterhead, 1p. 8vo., [n.p.], July 22, 1942, to Kapitanleutnant Wolf Heinrich Retzmann congratulating him on his recent engagement. Stains to the top margin.

Lot: 118 - FRIEDRICH WILHELM HAUCK

FRIEDRICH WILHELM HAUCK (1897 - 1979) German general of artillery who commanded the 305th infantry division and the 64th Armeekorps, Knight's Cross recipient. A.N.S., 1p. 8vo., [n.p.] February 1978, in German, largely untranslated but an overview of his ranks and commands held. Fine condition.

Lot: 119 - FRITZ DARGES

FRITZ DARGES (1913 - 2009) Lieutenant Colonel in the Waffen-SS, personal adjutant to Adolf Hitler, awarded the Knight's Cross. On July 18, 1944, during a strategy conference in the Wolfsschanze, a fly began buzzing around the room, allegedly landing on Hitler's shoulder and on the surface of a map several times. Irritated, Hitler ordered Darges to dispatch the nuisance. Darges suggested that, as it was an airborne pest, the job should go to the Luftwaffe adjutant. Enraged, Hitler dismissed Darges on the spot and had him banished to the Eastern Front. S.P., 4 x 5.75 in., color, chest up pose in uniform, signed at the bottom. Fine condition.

Lot: 120 - FRITZ DARGES

FRITZ DARGES (1913 - 2009) Lieutenant Colonel in the Waffen-SS, personal adjutant to Adolf Hitler, awarded the Knight's Cross. On July 18, 1944, during a strategy conference in the Wolfsschanze, a fly began buzzing around the room, allegedly landing on Hitler's shoulder and on the surface of a map several times. Irritated, Hitler ordered Darges to dispatch the nuisance. Darges suggested that, as it was an airborne pest, the job should go to the Luftwaffe adjutant. Enraged, Hitler dismissed Darges on the spot and had him banished to the Eastern Front. A.L.S., 1p. 8vo., [n.p., n.d], untranslated in German on the verso of a postcard featuring an illustration of wounded German soldiers. Fine condition.

Lot: 121 - FRITZ DARGES

FRITZ DARGES (1913 - 2009) Lieutenant Colonel in the Waffen-SS, personal adjutant to Adolf Hitler, awarded the Knight's Cross. On July 18, 1944, during a strategy conference in the Wolfsschanze, a fly began buzzing around the room, allegedly landing on Hitler's shoulder and on the surface of a map several times. Irritated, Hitler ordered Darges to dispatch the nuisance. Darges suggested that, as it was an airborne pest, the job should go to the Luftwaffe adjutant. Enraged, Hitler dismissed Darges on the spot and had him banished to the Eastern Front. S.P., 4 x 5.75 in., color, a scene of Darges standing with Hitler at the Berghof, signed at the bottom with the name of his command. Accompanied by a mailing envelope. Fine condition.

Lot: 122 - FRITZ TODT

FRITZ TODT (1891 - 1942) Nazi military engineer who supervised the building of the Autobahn, the Siegfried Wall and the chain of submarine bases on the coast of France. Died mysteriously in a plane crash. Rare S.P., 3.75 in x 5.5 in b/w, a chest up pose by Hoffmann signed in blue ink at the left. Fine.

Lot: 123 - FRITZ TODT

FRITZ TODT (1891 - 1942) Nazi military engineer who supervised the building of the Autobahn, the Siegfried Wall and the chain of submarine bases on the coast of France. Died mysteriously in a plane crash. Black signature 'F. Todt' on a 4.75 x 4 in. card, adding the date '1941.' Fine condition.

Lot: 124 - GEORG-HANS REINHARDT...AND TEN FELLOW GENERALS

GEORG-HANS REINHARDT...AND TEN FELLOW GENERALS GEORG-HANS REINHARDT (1887 - 1963) German general and war criminal during World War II. He commanded the 3rd Panzer Army from 1941 to 1944, and Army Group Centre in 1944 and 1945. Reinhardt was tried in the High Command Trial, and was found guilty of war crimes and crimes against humanity for overseeing the murder of the inhabitants of entire Russian villages in rear areas. Remarkable signed piece, 1p. 4.25 x 8 in., [n.p., n.d.], a routing slip signed by Reinhardt in pencil at bottom. Above his signature the document bears the last names of ten generals and top-ranking officers, all of whom have signed the first initial of their last name to acknowledge seeing the attached document. Those initialing include VON LEEB, KUCHLER, HOTH, HOLLIDT, SCHNIEWIND, VON ROCQUES, REINECKE, WARLIMONT, and others. The verso bears printed text mentioning Gen. 'Clay' leading us to believe this piece emanates from the post-war trial of these generals. Very good.

Lot: 125 - GEORGE C. MARSHALL

GEORGE C. MARSHALL (1880 - 1959) American general and statesman, Roosevelt's Army Chief of Staff during World War II and author of the Marshall Plan which sustained eastern Europe after the war. AN INFIRM MARSHALL DECLINES TO ATTEND A 116TH INFANTRY DIVISION DEDICATION IN NORMANDY. Fine content and association T.L.S. on his 'General of the Army' letterhead, 1p. 8vo., Washington, Nov. 4, 1958 to Henry F. Seal, Jr., a veteran of the 29th Infantry Division who was wounded in combat and later wrote a noted history of the 116th Infantry Division's service during World War I. In part: '...I have your letter of October 26...regarding the dedication program scheduled for June 6, 1959. I appreciate your furnishing me the information, but it will not be possible for me to attend the ceremony. I no longer enjoy the best of health and travel is quite difficult. I am not aware of any official Army publications on the dedication, but I will ask my Aide to determine whether the Office of Public Information has any plans for releasing publicity...' Signed with an old age signature at bottom. Mounted with some rippling, else very good. The 116th Infantry Regiment of the 29th Infantry Division was a National Guard unit made up of men from Virginia, Maryland and Delaware - including the now-famous 'Bedford Boys' of Bedford, Va. They were the first men to land on Omaha Beach, setting foot on the sand at 0636. A slaughter followed, the men pinned-down for hours with no appreciable cover from German fire. By the end of the day, they had taken 1,007 casualties. On June 6, 1959 - the 15th anniversary of the D-Day landings - France dedicated a memorial to the 116th Infantry Division, presumably at Omaha Beach. Following a series of strokes, Marshall would die less than a year later. SOLD WITH: a black bordered card sent by Marshall's family acknowledging condolences, along with the transmittal envelope, both mounted to a larger sheet. Two pieces.

Lot: 126 - GEORGE C. MARSHALL

GEORGE C. MARSHALL (1880 - 1959) American general and statesman, Roosevelt's Army Chief of Staff during World War II and author of the Marshall Plan which sustained eastern Europe after the war. Fine content and association T.L.S. on his 'General of the Army' letterhead, 1p. 8vo., Washington, Aug. 10, 1956, to Henry F. Seal, Jr., a veteran of the 29th Infantry Division who was wounded in combat and later wrote a noted history of the 116th Infantry Division's service during World War I. In part: '...I have your letter...and the July issue of THE TWENTY-NINER [a newspaper sent to veterans of the 29th Infantry Division]. I know of the accomplishments of your Division in both the World Wars. Being a native Pennsylvanian adds significantly to my feeling for the Division and its record. It is very thoughtful of you to invite me to your annual reunion...While I should like to come and visit with some of my old associates, I must, in the interest of self-preservation, decline. My health is not up to making the trip...' Mounted, else very good. In his final years, Marshall was afflicted with a series of strokes which eventually would take his life.

Lot: 127 - GEORGE C. MARSHALL

GEORGE C. MARSHALL (1880 - 1959) American general and statesman, Roosevelt's Army Chief of Staff during World War II and author of the Marshall Plan which sustained eastern Europe after the war. MARSHALL SIGNED BATTLE CITATION FOR THE 116TH INFANTRY - FIRST TO LAND ON OMAHA BEACH Outstanding typed D.S. 'George Marshall', 1p. sm. 4to., 'WAR DEPARTMENT Washington 25, D.C. 6 September 1944', headed: 'GENERAL ORDERS NO.73 BATTLE HONORS - Citation of Units' Marshall issues a commendation to the famous 116th Infantry Regiment, the first to land on Omaha Beach on June 6, 1944. It reads, in full: 'The 116TH INFANTRY REGIMENT is cited for extraordinary heroism and outstanding performance of duty in action in the initial assault on the northern coast of NORMANDY, FRANCE, JUNE 6, 1944. The 116TH INFANTRY REGIMENT successfully attacked a heavily fortified and strongly beach in the vicinity of VIERVILLE-SUR-MER, FRANCE. The beach was fortified by mined underwater obstacles, bands of barbed wire, concrete walls and land mines. It was strongly defended by enemy troops occupying pill-boxes. trenches and underground shelters. Defending troops were protected against the aerial and naval bombardment which preceded the assault by deep and elaborate underground shelters which had been constructed in the hills and cliffs overlooking the beach. As elements of the 116TH INFANTRY REGIMENT approached the beach in assault craft, they were met by withering fire from rifles, machine-guns, mortars, and 88mm guns, all of which were effectively employed at close range from enfilading positions in the cliffs overlooking the beach. In addition, the beach was subjected to fire from enemy artillery and mortars which were inshore. In face of this heavy fire, and [d]espite suffering high losses, the 116TH INFANTRY REGIMENT overcame the beach obstacles, took enemy-defended positions along the beach and cliffs, pushed through the mined area immediately in the rear of the beach while still under heavy fire and continued inshore to take its objective. The successful attack and landing of the 116TH INFANTRY REGIMENT made possible the subsequent landings of the other elements of the 29TH INFANTRY DIVISION which landed behind it with only light losses. During its landing and assault of the beach positions, the 116TH INFANTRY REGIMENT sustained more than 800 losses in officers and men. BY ORDER OF THE SECRETARY OF WAR: [Signed] G.C . MARSHALL Chief of Staff' Possibly trimmed slightly at bottom with no loss of text, light folds and toning, else near fine.

Lot: 128 - GEORGE CHRISTIANSEN

GEORGE CHRISTIANSEN (1914 - 1997) German Kriegsmarine lieutenant commander who served mostly on the Eastern front, Knight's Cross with Oak Leaves recipient. S.P., 3.75 x 5.5 in., b/w, official Hoffman postcard depicting a chest up pose of Christiansen in uniform boldly displaying his Knight's Cross, signed on the verso. Fine condition.

Lot: 129 - GEORGE S. PATTON

GEORGE S. PATTON (1885 - 1945) 'Old Blood and Guts' was one of the finest tank commanders in history, rolling his forces through Tunisia, Sicily, France and Germany until halted at the Rhine. Fantastic content A.L.S. 'George S. Patton, Jr.' , 4pp. 8 x 10.5 in., Fort Myers, VA, [n.d., but ca. 1916 while stationed at the fort], a letter to his mother detailing how he and a friend rescued a woman. Written on Headquarters, Fifteenth U.S. Cavalry letterhead, Patton writes in part: '...James Agar and myself were driving along the road when we saw a crowd of people and a bunch of men trying to get a woman into the back of a wagon. She was yelling and kicking so we jumped out when they saw us. Two of them ran away and the other two dropping her, jumped into the wagon and beat it as fast as the horse could go. We chased them and turning the machine across them forced them to stop. I was standing in the back of the machine with my pistol in my hand, but out of sight below the back of the car, when they were forced to stop the man driving started to lift a shotgun he had beside him, but I covered him quicker than he did, and he threw up his hands. The second man standing in the back of the wagon had a pistol in his hand, but he thought I was pointing at him too, and he dropped his weapon. We made them get out and we searched them. Each had almost 50 extra cartridges. We went back to where the girl was, she was yelling and very much excited. We quieted her and took the two...to prison where I think they will stay for two years, I hope they do.' Fascinatingly, this event was altered but repeated in the 1970 movie 'Patton' as a German officer gives a report to his superiors on Patton's personality. Patton would command the United States Fifteenth Army for just over two months after the war, dying from a car accident in December 1945. In fine condition, with intersecting mailing folds and a few trivial wrinkles.

Lot: 130 - GEORGE S. PATTON AND NEGOTIATIONS TO PREVENT A WAR WITH SPAIN

CHARLES NOGUES (1876-1971) French general and civil administrator, commander in chief of Vichy French forces in North Africa and high commissioner following the American invasion. Fine content T.L.S. on his Resident-General letterhead, 2pp. 4to., Rabat, Dec. 6, 1942 to Gen. George S. Patton, in French. A week earlier, the pair had met to discuss negotiations between Nogues and Spanish Gen. Orgaz, then commanding forces in Spanish Morocco, concerning ways to prevent further heightened tensions between newly-liberated French Morocco and Spanish Morocco. Nogues provides Patton with a 39 x 24 in. map of northern Morocco showing a buffer area delineated into a 'Zone A' and 'Zone B'. He explains in his letter that he and Orgaz were about to agree that no troops may be relocated within Zone A, except for those being relieved, and troops within Zone B could not be augmented in any way. Sold with a full period translation. Nogues letter has a few tiny holes in blank areas, else very good; map has small tears at fold junctions. Spain of course was a client of Nazi Germany and involvement by that country in North Africa or the European theater could have spelled disaster for the newly-landed Americans.

Lot: 131 - GEORGI K. ZHUKOV

GEORGI K. ZHUKOV (1896 - 1974) Soviet field marshal, perhaps the greatest general of World War II, he survived crushing poverty and Stalin's purges to command the Russian armies at the monumental battles of Moscow and Kursk, and in the taking of Berlin. War-date typed D.S. in indelible pencil, 2pp. 4to., Kiev, 1940, largely untranslated but apparently a number of appointments or promotions, including some in the Red Army air force. Some paper loss in margins backed with paper, toned lightly, else very good.

Lot: 132 - GEORGI ZHUKOV

GEORGI ZHUKOV (1896 - 1974) Soviet Field Marshall, perhaps the greatest general of World War II, he survived crushing poverty and Stalin's purges to command the Russian armies at the monumental battles of Moscow and Kursk, and in the taking of Berlin. Partly printed D.S. in Cyrillic, 2pp. 4to., [n.p.], December 8, 1947, largely untranslated but a military attestation of the Head of the Department of Military Education of the Odessa district, Col. Ivan Taratuchenko. Zhukov signs the top of the middle of the second page in blue pen as 'Marshal of the Soviet Union.' Creased and slightly toned, with pin holes to the left margin.

Lot: 133 - GERD VON RUNDSTEDT

GERD VON RUNDSTEDT (1875 - 1953) German field marshal who led the blitzkrieg attack on France, seizing the country within two weeks, defeated by Allied forces in Normandy and in the desperate Battle of the Bulge. Great content A.L.S. in German, 2pp. 8vo., [n.p. but while in captivity after the war], June 12, 1948, to a friend discussing his current situation. In part: '...Already this month all Germans are to leave here and only Ukrainians may stay. Man can only hear a German word from time to time in this camp. We, that is Strauss and I, the other two I rarely see, are thinking doubtfully about our future. It would be terrible having to go to Germany now. This court case in Nuremberg doesn't bother me but I would tell those...there my opinion to those who call themselves 'court'...Strauss says hello, he has been in bed for days with an effusion of blood in his knee... A dumb time of earthly uncertainties. Haven't received mail from my wife for weeks...' Fine condition.

Lot: 134 - GERD VON RUNDSTEDT

(1875 - 1953) German field marshal who led the blitzkrieg attack on France, seizing the country within two weeks, defeated by Allied forces in Normandy and in the desperate Battle of the Bulge. Scarce pre-war A.L.S., 4pp. large 4to., Breslau, June 30, 1930, untranslated and written in a largely indecipherable hand. Signed 'Gerd' at the conclusion. Folds, with some minor edge splits, else very good.

Lot: 135 - GERD VON RUNDSTEDT

(1875 - 1953) German field marshal who led the blitzkrieg attack on France, seizing the country within two weeks, defeated by Allied forces in Normandy and in the desperate Battle of the Bulge. Scarce war-date A.L.S.,1p. 8vo., [n.p., certainly in the field], August 6, 1941, a 'feldpostbrief' written to his wife. Largely untranslated and written in a difficult to decipher hand. Signed 'von Rundstedt' in the address on the verso, adding rank 'Feldmarschall' and his feldpost number. Very good.

Lot: 136 - GERD VON RUNDSTEDT

(1875 - 1953) German field marshal who led the blitzkrieg attack on France, seizing the country within two weeks, defeated by Allied forces in Normandy and in the desperate Battle of the Bulge. Scarce war-date A.L.S. signed twice,1p. 8vo., [n.p., certainly in the field], August 14, 1941, a 'feldpostbrief' written to his wife. Largely untranslated and written in a difficult to decipher hand. Signed 'Gerd' at the conclusion, then signed 'von Rundstedt' in the sending address on the verso, adding rank 'Feldmarschall' and his feldpost number. Very good.

Lot: 137 - GERDA CHRISTIAN

GERDA CHRISTIAN (1913 - 1997) 'Dara', one of Adolf Hitler's private secretaries before and during World War II. She was part of a 'break-out' group led by Brigadefuhrer Wilhelm Mohnke that included secretaries Else Kruger and Traudl Junge. S.P., 3.75 x 5.5 in., color, depicting Christian and others with Hitler, signed at the upper-left. Fine condition.

Lot: 138 - GERMAN GENERALS AND PRISONERS-OF-WAR

GERMAN GENERALS AND PRISONERS-OF-WAR An excellent L.S. written in the hand of RUDOLF MELTNER on a prisoner-of-war envelope, congratulating the former priest of Island Farm prison camp Otto Gueller upon his appointment to Deacon, signed by him and 66 other prominent German P.O.W.s. Other signers include GERD VON RUNDSTEDT, SEIDEL, HENRICI, JAEGER, KARST, FELDBERT, HILLERT, REKOWSKI, WECKMANN, COUNT LUCKNER, LEUZE, SCHLIEBEN, LIEBRICH, BRINKMANN, RUDOLPH MELTZER, VON SEEBACH, WULKOW, JAHN, SCHWEIKER, WULF, STRAUSS, ALFRED KELLER, FRIEDRICH FAHNERT, WALTER VON HIPPEL, SIEGFRIED ENGEL, EDWIN GRAF VON ROTHKIRCH UND TRACH, OTTO ELFELDT, and others. Very good.

Lot: 139 - GERMAN WEHRMACHT OFFICERS (15)

GERMAN WEHRMACHT OFFICERS (15) A large lot of documents signed by German officers during the World War II era, varying sizes, places, and dates, including Gen. HUBERT SCHALLER KALIDE (1882-1976) war date T.L.S, Gen. ERWIN OSSWALD (1882-1947) war date letter with facsimile signature, Lt. Col. ALBRECHT SCHIMPF A.L.S., LUDWIG WOLF (1983-1968) S.P. with rank, Lt. Col. JOHAN ZIEGER (1892- ?) War date signed award citation, Lt. Col. HANS CARL LINSINGEN war date signed award citation, Lt. Col. ERIK VON FRITSCH war date P.O.W. document, Col. OTTO KREISCHE (1989-?) D.S., FRIEDRICH GREFFRATH (1899-?) D.S., AUGUST LOEBISCH (1891-?) war date T.L.S., Lt. Col. SIEGFRIED LENTZE war date D.S., Col. KARL EHLERMANN (?-1940) signed award citation, Dr. OTTO HOHN (1896-1941) war date signed award citation, Lt. Col. HEINRICH KOOPS war date award citation, and OSKAR PHILIPP VON WREDE (1899-1945) A.L.S. Conditions vary but mostly fine. 15 items.

Lot: 140 - GIOVANNI MESSE

(1883-1968) Italian general, politician, and field marshal, considered by many the best Italian general of the Second World War. Rare partly-printed D.S. 'G. Messe', 1p. 14 x 10 in., Aug. 30, 1932, an award document issuing a bronze medal for a regimental shooting competition, bearing an ornate border of militaristic imagery. Signed at the lower-right in black fountain pen. Signature a tad light, lightly toned, else very good.

Lot: 141 - GORDON GOLLOB

GORDON GOLLOB (1912 - 1987) German Luftwaffe ace, rose to the position of General der Jagdflieger, one of only 27 to receive the Knight's Cross with Oak Leaves, Swords and Diamonds. S.P., 3.5 x 5.5 in. b/w, a Hoffman photo postcard showing a chest-up view, prominently wearing his Knight's Cross, signed boldly across the chest.

Lot: 142 - GOTTHARD HEINRICI

GOTTHARD HEINRICI (1886 - 1971) Wehrmacht general during World War II, recipient of the Knight's Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords, commander in chief of Army Group Vistula during the Battle of Berlin. A.L.S. on personal letterhead, 2pp. 8vo., Waiblingen, January 23, 1967, to a friend scheduling a visit. Fine condition.

Lot: 143 - GUNTHER KORTEN, ECKHARD CHRISTIAN, AND KARL KOLLER

GUNTHER KORTEN, ECKHARD CHRISTIAN, AND KARL KOLLER GUNTHER KORTEN (1898 - 1944) German Colonel General and Chief of the General Staff of the Luftwaffe in World War II. He died from injuries suffered in the assassination attempt on Adolf Hitler in July 1944. / ECKHARD CHRISTIAN (1907 - 1985) Luftwaffe General during World War II, husband of Hitler's secretary Gerda Christian. / KARL KOLLER (1898 - 1951), German General der Flieger and the Chief of the General Staff of Nazi Germany's Luftwaffe during World War II. Scarce recommendation list for the award of the War Service Cross, First Class with Swords, 3pp. 4to., bearing the names of candidates Willy Busching and Herbert Kollermann and the descriptions of the heroic actions they undertook. Bushing and Gunther sign on the first page, while Koller signs on the third page at the conclusion. File holes, small split on lower edge repaired with archival tape, else very good. Sold with a translation.

Lot: 144 - HAMAZASP BABADZHANIAN

(1906-1977) Soviet Armenian commander and Chief Marshal of Armored Troops, Hero of the Soviet Union, one of the highest positioned Armenians in the Soviet army. T.L.S. in Cyrillic, 1p. 4to., ca. late 1960s, sending New Year's greetings to Soviet Marshal of Engineering Troops VIKTOR KHARCHENKO (1911 - 1975). Horizontal fold, else fine.

Lot: 145 - HAMAZASP BABADZHANIAN

(1906-1977) Soviet Armenian commander and Chief Marshal of Armored Troops, Hero of the Soviet Union, one of the highest positioned Armenians in the Soviet army. Partly-printed D.S. in Cyrillic as Head of Troops of the Odessa Military District, 4pp. legal folio, [n.p.], 1966, a military attestation of the inspector of political headquarters of the Odessa Military District, Colonel Peter Markevich. Babadzhanian signs in the center of the fourth page in purple ink. Small binding holes, else very good.

Lot: 146 - HANNES TRAUTLOFT

HANNES TRAUTLOFT (1912 - 1995) Luftwaffe ace with 58 kills in 560 sorties, a Knights Cross recipient, military advisor and Condor Legion pilot during the Spanish Civil War. S.P., 3 x 4.5 in., b/w, a chest up pose in uniform, signed across his image in blue ink. Fine condition.

Lot: 147 - HANS BAUR

HANS BAUR (1897 - 1993) German Luftwaffe pilot, tasked by the Luftwaffe to serve as Adolf Hitler's personal pilot. S.P., 4 x 6 in. b/w, a candid pose of Baur shaking hands with Adolf Hitler, signed in the white bottom margin. Fine.

Lot: 148 - HANS BAUR

HANS BAUR (1897 - 1993) German Luftwaffe pilot, private pilot to Adolf Hitler. S.P., 4 x 6 in. b/w, a bust portrait in uniform, signed in the white bottom margin. Fine.

Lot: 149 - HANS FRANK

HANS FRANK (1900 - 1946) Nazi occupational Governor of Poland partly responsible for the genocide perpetrated there. HANS FRANK SEEKS TO USE THE 'STROOP REPORT' IN HIS OWN DEFENSE Outrageous partly-printed D.S. 'Dr. Hans Frank', 1p. legal folio, Nuremberg, Nov. 21, 1945, a submission to the International Military Tribunal: 'Defendant's Application for Document' for use in Frank's defense.

Lot: 150 - HANS FRANK

HANS FRANK (1900 - 1946) Nazi occupational Governor of Poland partly responsible for the genocide perpetrated there. FRANK SEEKS DOCUMENTS ON DACHAU INMATES, INCLUDING ONE WHO NAMED HIM A JEW Partly-printed D.S. 'Dr. Frank', 1p. legal folio, Nuremberg, Nov. 21, 1945, an submission to the International Military Tribunal: 'Defendant's Application for Document' for use in Frank's defense. Specifically, Frank seeks various 'Files of prosecuting authorities' in Munich courthouse and the ex-Reich Ministry of Justice, specifically those concerning: '...Leonh.Hausmann...Dr. Alf. Strauss...Nefzger...' These Frank hopes to use in connection with a brief he had filed a week earlier. Boldly signed at the bottom by Frank, and additionally signed and stamped by his defense attorney, ALFRED SEIDL (1911-1993). Mounted, along with the official tribunal translation (also mounted). Two pieces. Strauss was murdered at Dachau following his revelation that Frank was of Jewish extraction. Leonhardt Hausmann had been shot while attempting to escape from Dachau in 1933. His association with Frank is unknown. Sebastian Nefzger was strangled at Dachau and the murder framed to look like a suicide. His connection with Frank is also unknown. This document originates from the files of Hans Werner, Director of Printing for the International Military Tribunal in Nuremberg. It was his task to publish the 42-volume record of the trial using this document and scores of others. Following completion of his task, Werner was permitted to retain possession of the documents, which were never tagged as evidence. They were then sold by autograph expert Charles Hamilton in his auctions, in 1979.

Lot: 151 - HANS FRANK

HANS FRANK (1900 - 1946) Nazi occupational Governor of Poland partly responsible for the genocide perpetrated there. HANS FRANK DEMANDS ALL EVIDENCE TO BE USED AGAINST HIM AT NUREMBERG Partly-printed D.S. 'Dr. Frank', 1p. legal folio, Nuremberg, Nov. 16, 1945, a submission to the International Military Tribunal: 'Defendant's Application for Document' for use in Frank's defense. Just four days before the opening of the Nuremberg Trials, Frank requests: '...All minutes taken during my hearing (in German language) also all recordings and depositions made so far by witnesses to the extent that they are relevant to charges against me...and all documentary evidence which the prosecuting authorities use as charges [sic] against me...' He claims that this vast amount of information, the entire body of evidence accumulated against him to date, will be used to: '...permit [me] to decide whether and to what extent further applications for evidence will be made. The same holds true for documentary evidence which should at least be numbered...' with the intent of: 'Refutation of counts Ic, 3 and 4'. Boldly signed at the bottom by Frank, and additionally signed and stamped by his defense attorney, ALFRED SEIDL (1911-1993). Mounted, along with the official Tribunal translation (also mounted). Two pieces. Very good. Fascinating to note that Frank's attorney requested this information on the very eve of the trial of his client. This document originates from the files of Hans Werner, Director of Printing for the International Military Tribunal in Nuremberg. It was his task to publish the 42-volume record of the trial using this document and scores of others. Following completion of his task, Werner was permitted to retain possession of the documents, which were never tagged as evidence. They were then sold by autograph expert Charles Hamilton in his auctions, in 1979.

Lot: 152 - HANS FRANK

HANS FRANK (1900 - 1946) Nazi occupational Governor of Poland partly responsible for the genocide perpetrated there. 'WE HAVE TO TAKE UP THE CROSS PREPARED FOR US...' Fine content A.L.S. 'Hans Frank' and signed again 'Frank' in the address, 2pp. legal folio and written on 'Prisoner of War' stationery while on trial in Nuremberg, sent to his wife Brigitte, Mar. 26, 1946. In part: '...Today, on the first Sunday of this spring, the celebration bells are ringing in my heart, and in deep loving thought I am standing beside you, to send you my most fervent good wishes for 2nd April, inspired by my sincerest feelings. Twenty-one years have passed since that day we were married. I never imagined that such a fate would rear up out of the shining hopes we then had. Let me be silent about all the hardships I have brought on you, for what is the point of asking for forgiveness? We have to take up the cross prepared for us, as God wills. It is over a sea of tears that my ship of life and yours, and that of our children and of our people, must all make their voyage. Love me still, because I am calling to you, as I did then. You wonderful little wife. Hans' As required by prison authorities, he also signs his full name to the letter. Very good. Frank was not the most devoted husband, having kept Lilli Groh as a mistress while Governor-General. However, Frank had converted to Roman Catholicism after his arrest, hence the reference to the 'cross'.

Lot: 153 - HANS FRITSCHE

HANS FRITSCHE (1909 - 1993) German army colonel who commanded grenadier regiments serving mostly on the Eastern front, Knight's Cross with Oak Leaves recipient. S.P., 3.5 x 5.75 in., b/w, a chest up pose in uniform by Hoffmann boldly displaying his Knight' Cross, signed across his face. Fine condition.

Lot: 154 - HANS FRITZSCHE

HANS FRITZSCHE (1900 - 1953) Radio propaganda chief in Joseph Goebbels' propaganda ministry. Delivered regular radio broadcasts with the familiar opening 'Hier spricht Hans Fritzsche!', making him one of the best-known commentators in Nazi Germany. Fine content autobiographical A.D.S. signed at beginning and end, in pencil, 9pp. 8 x 13 in., [n.p., n.d. but almost certainly Nuremberg, 1946] a detailed accounting of his family life, education, and career until 1924. Likely prepared for use by his attorneys, Fritzsche writes his story, in part: '...I was born on 21.4.1900, in Bochum, as the youngest of four children of Wilhelm Fritzsche, a Post Office employee...My mother was an old Catholic; my father and the children Protestants. My father was a correct official in the senior grade...He took more pains over the moral than the material upbringing of his children. My mother was intellectually more active and of a more naturally open disposition. We children clung to her with particular love. Our adoration even increased as we got older...her surprisingly wide, private charitable work...An important point for my development was the fact that, in my four school years in Breslau...Jews...shut themselves off completely from our youthful comradeship, and from the sphere of permitted, or forbidden, reciprocal assistance which boys give each other [cheating?]. So two distinct groups came into being...In spite of that, my best friend was a Jew, Levisohn, who became a Protestant and who influenced me strongly on the theological side. Then, one morning, war broke out. My next best friend, Bohse, was likewise a Jew. On my advice, he together with his mother and sister, became Protestants...' Toned a bit, a few pages holed at top, else very good. This document originates from the files of Hans Werner, Director of Printing for the International Military Tribunal in Nuremberg. It was his task to publish the 42-volume record of the trial using this document and scores of others. Following completion of his task, Werner was permitted to retain possession of the documents, which were never tagged as evidence. They were then sold by autograph expert Charles Hamilton in his auctions, in 1979.

Lot: 155 - HANS FRITZSCHE CLAIMS NO 'ANTI-JEWISH' BROADCASTS

HANS FRITZSCHE CLAIMS NO 'ANTI-JEWISH' BROADCASTS HANS FRITZSCHE (1900-1953) Radio propaganda chief in Joseph Goebbels' propaganda ministry. Delivered regular radio broadcasts with the familiar opening 'Hier spricht Hans Fritzsche!', making him one of the best-known commentators in Nazi Germany. Fine content partly-printed D.S. 'Hans Fritzsche' in pencil, 1p. legal folio, Nuremberg, Nov. 13, 1945 (one week before the start of his trial), a submission to the International Military Tribunal being a 'Defendant's Application for Document' for use in his defense. Fritzsche requests a 'Collection of foreign opinions and attacks on me' which he believes are stored in the basement air raid shelter of the Reichs Ministry of Propaganda. He hopes that the documents will prove: 'That I, even in the opinion of the allied radio commentators [he inserts: 'during the war'], did not agitate anti-Jewish measures or crimes against humanity...' Mounted to heavy stock, along with the official translation, also mounted. Very good. A relatively minor propaganda ministry official who had not held a policy-making position, Fritzsche was included in the dock at Nuremberg in the absence of the deceased Joseph Goebbels and to mollify Soviet authorities, who held him in their custody. The Tribunal did not find Fritzsche guilty, though, because it concluded his Jeremiads against the Jews did not directly urge their persecution and: '...his position and official duties were not sufficiently important...to infer that he took part in originating or formulating propaganda campaigns...' He would be jailed for war crimes following a second West German trial. This document originates from the files of Hans Werner, Director of Printing for the International Military Tribunal in Nuremberg. It was his task to publish the 42-volume record of the trial using this document and scores of others. Following completion of his task, Werner was permitted to retain possession of the documents, which were never tagged as evidence. They were then sold by autograph expert Charles Hamilton in his auctions, in 1979.

Lot: 156 - HANS FRITZSCHE DID NOT 'INCITE OR ENCOURAGE' WAR CRIMES

HANS FRITZSCHE DID NOT 'INCITE OR ENCOURAGE' WAR CRIMES HANS FRITZSCHE (1900-1953) Radio propaganda chief in Joseph Goebbels' propaganda ministry. Delivered regular radio broadcasts with the familiar opening 'Hier spricht Hans Fritzsche!', making him one of the best-known commentators in Nazi Germany. Fine content partly-printed D.S. 'Hans Fritzsche' in pencil, 1p. legal folio, Nuremberg, Nov. 13, 1945, a submission to the International Military Tribunal, a 'Defendant's Application for Document' for use in his defense. Fritzsche requests: 'Texts of all my broadcast addresses during the years 1932-1945' which he believes are stored in the radio room of the air raid shelter of the Reichs Ministry of Propaganda. He hopes that the documents will prove: 'That against the claims in the indictment I have not encourage[d] and incited to the commitment of war crimes and crimes against humanity, to anti-Jewish measures or to ruthless exploitation of occupied territories...' He further seeks the transcripts to refute 'select isolated sentences' which the prosecution may elect to use against him during his trial. Mounted to heavy stock, very good. A relatively minor propaganda ministry official who had not held a policy-making position, Fritzsche was included in the dock at Nuremberg in the absence of the deceased Joseph Goebbels and to mollify Soviet authorities, who held him in their custody. The Tribunal did not find Fritzsche guilty, but he would be jailed for war crimes following a second West German trial. This document originates from the files of Hans Werner, Director of Printing for the International Military Tribunal in Nuremberg. It was his task to publish the 42-volume record of the trial using this document and scores of others. Following completion of his task, Werner was permitted to retain possession of the documents, which were never tagged as evidence. They were then sold by autograph expert Charles Hamilton in his auctions, in 1979.

Lot: 157 - HANS FRITZSCHE SUBPOENAS PRESS ACCOUNTS OF 'GERMAN ATROCITIES'

HANS FRITZSCHE SUBPOENAS PRESS ACCOUNTS OF 'GERMAN ATROCITIES' HANS FRITZSCHE (1900-1953) Radio propaganda chief in Joseph Goebbels' propaganda ministry. Delivered regular radio broadcasts with the familiar opening 'Hier spricht Hans Fritzsche!', making him one of the best-known commentators in Nazi Germany. Fine content partly-printed D.S. 'Hans Fritzsche' in pencil, 1p. legal folio, Nuremberg, Dec. 12, 1945, a submission to the International Military Tribunal, a 'Defendant's Application for Document' for use in his defense. Fritzsche requests 'Archives of the report 'Deutscher Schnelldienst' of the department 'Deutsche Presse' in the Reich Ministry of Propaganda...In the basement of the Reich Ministry of Propaganda...[which] should have come into the custody of the Russian military authorities after the occupation of Berlin...' He further notes: 'Before and during the war, the defendant FRITZSCHE, through his employees and through proper- authorities, has examined each report of German atrocities, murders and war crimes that came from abroad. The official communication to each such request is in the archives...The above-mentioned official communication always stated that, either nothing has happened, or that the claim, according to international law, has legal facts at its basis. These facts are important in examining the deeds of which the defendant FRITZSCHE has been accused...' Also signed by Fritzsche's lead defense attorney, Dr. HEINZ FRITZ. Mounted to heavy stock, sold with an official translation of the document, which is also mounted. Very good. This document originates from the files of Hans Werner, Director of Printing for the International Military Tribunal in Nuremberg. It was his task to publish the 42-volume record of the trial using this document and scores of others. Following completion of his task, Werner was permitted to retain possession of the documents, which were never tagged as evidence. They were then sold by autograph expert Charles Hamilton in his auctions, in 1979.

Lot: 158 - HANS GERD VON RUNDSTEDT

HANS GERD VON RUNDSTEDT (1903-1948) Only son of German Field Marshall Gerd von Rundstedt, aide to his father as well as Luftwaffe commander Hermann Goering, captured with Goering at the end of the war. War date A.L.S. on the back of a postcard, Marburg, February 25, 1941, untranslated but sent to his mother. Fine condition.

Lot: 159 - HANS SPETH

HANS SPETH (1897 - 1985) German general of artillery, Chief of Staff of the LIV. Army Corps and the 18th Army, later commanding the 28th Jager Div., Knights Cross recipient. A.L.S., 2pp. 8vo., Munich, Mar. 1, 1960 in German. In part: '...to show you that I have not forgotten you, please allow me to present you with some personal items. The images are war date. My general of the artillery epaulette, two oak leaves of my Jaegerdivision...the Krim shield...at the time I was commander of the general staff of a corps which took Sevastopol...there is an EKI from World War I and the clasp to the EKI from World War II. I hope you enjoy it. Best regards, Hans Speth General der Artillerie a.D.'. Sold with Speth's transmittal envelope upon which he has signed his name in return address, and a 5 x 7 in. war-date German press photo showing the general in the field. Three pieces.

Lot: 160 - HANS WERNER GROSSE

HANS WERNER GROSSE (1922-2021) Luftwaffe pilot and Stuka dive bomber who gained fame after the war as a glider pilot and established over 50 world records in the field. T.L.S., 1p. 8vo., Lubeck, July 16, 1979, untranslated. Accompanied by a mailing envelope. Fine condition.

Lot: 161 - HANS-GEORG VON SEIDEL

HANS-GEORG VON SEIDEL (1891 - 1955) German General der Flieger that oversaw the organization, armament, maintenance, and supply of the Luftwaffe during World War II. A.L.S. in German, 2pp. 8vo., April 25, 1948, a grateful letter sent during his post-war captivity to Major Fred Bieri of the International Red Cross. In part: '... I got your letter and two packages with different articles and newspapers and you don't know what it means to me to read something in my own language, so I can get my mind off present problems. The first time here, it was very hard for me, but through you, I always find the latest news from my family. We are sometimes very depressed to see all the wounded and cannot help. Still, everybody has to find his own way to go on living. I start now to work on the papers (release papers) and the English will send them to you...' A few weeks after this letter was written, von Seidel would be transferred to a different camp for repatriation and later release. Two file holes, else fine. Sold with a translation.

Lot: 162 - HASSO VON MANTEUFFEL

HASSO VON MANTEUFFEL (1897-1978) Commander of the 5th Panzer Army which spearheaded the ill-fated Ardennes offensive of January 1945. After vainly requesting more help from a vacillating Hitler, he spoke despairingly of 'a corporal's war'. Later served as a delegate to the Bundestag (1953-7). T.L.S. in German on personal letterhead, 2pp. 4to., Diessen, May 13, 1976, regarding current political affairs. In part: 'I thank you...for your letter...which I am not due to answer until today as I was bedridden due to persistent circulatory disorders! With your statements about the mendacity and defamation of the German police force, including the Waffen SS, who fought bravely and loyally side by side with us in comradely alliance, I agree with every restriction, but it is laborious and often without result...it is all the more grateful and worthy of recognition that you have also made the attempt...' Fine condition.

Lot: 163 - HASSO VON MANTEUFFEL

HASSO VON MANTEUFFEL (1897-1978) Commander of the 5th Panzer Army which spearheaded the ill-fated Ardennes offensive of January 1945. After vainly requesting more help from a vacillating Hitler, he spoke despairingly of 'a corporal's war'. Later served as a delegate to the Bundestag (1953-7). T.L.S. on personal letterhead, 2pp. 8vo., Diessen, responding to a request for an autograph. In part: '...I am willing and prepared to autograph the book you mentioned...on the other side you have some books which are important for your research in German history of WWII. If you have no possibility to sell some of them in U.S.A., I will send you some...' As mentioned, the verso bears a list of books including von Manstein's 'Lost Victories', Speer's 'Inside the Third Reich', and Donitz' 'Memoirs: Ten Years and Twenty Days.' Fine condition.

Lot: 164 - HASSO VON MANTEUFFEL

HASSO VON MANTEUFFEL (1897-1978) Commander of the 5th Panzer Army which spearheaded the ill-fated Ardennes offensive of January 1945. After vainly requesting more help from a vacillating Hitler, he spoke despairingly of 'a corporal's war'. Later served as a delegate to the Bundestag (1953-7). Good content T.L.S. on his personal letterhead, 1p. 4to., Diessen am Amersee, Apr. 18, 1976 in German to Mr. Petzoldt. Loosely translated, it reads in part: '...[?] testifies to what Konrad Adenauer (as you cite, especially about the Waffen-SS) said for the book 'Die Waffen SS' by Herber Walker...I wrote the foreword...Skorzeny books are simply hushed up...I postponed lecture trips...always too hectic and therefore exhausting...' Fine, worthy of translation.

Lot: 165 - HASSO VON MANTEUFFEL

HASSO VON MANTEUFFEL (1897-1978) Commander of the 5th Panzer Army which spearheaded the ill-fated Ardennes offensive of January 1945. After vainly requesting more help from a vacillating Hitler, he spoke despairingly of 'a corporal's war'. Later served as a delegate to the Bundestag (1953-7). Good content T.L.S. on his personal letterhead, 2pp. 4to., Diessen am Amersee, [n.d., ca. 1976] in German to Mr. Petzoldt. The letter describes the staffing of Germany's new self-defense force, the Bundeswehr, and how career officers from World War II were being shunned. Hem quotes one administrator as saying: 'We do not need any front line pigs!' Manteuffel also comments on German-Americans: '...It is amazing how much the Germans over there hold up Germanism despite all the opposing efforts of the Jews (especially on the east coast of the USA!)...' and '...The merit of the successes of my divisions does not come from me, but goes to my men, to them I have taught that the promised reciprocity to human loyalty is the prerequisite for what we soldiers at the front call 'comradeship' and could leave - the fact has allowed us to overcome even the most difficult situations and crises!...' Slight show-through of type else very good.

Lot: 166 - HASSO VON MANTEUFFEL

HASSO VON MANTEUFFEL (1897-1978) Commander of the 5th Panzer Army which spearheaded the ill-fated Ardennes offensive of January 1945. After vainly requesting more help from a vacillating Hitler, he spoke despairingly of 'a corporal's war'. Later served as a delegate to the Bundestag (1953-7). T.L.S., 1p. oblong 8vo., Diessen, Oct. 13, 1965, to a collector saying that he only sends autographs to those he personally knows. Fine condition.

Lot: 167 - HEINRICH HIMMLER

HEINRICH HIMMLER (1900 - 1945) Hitler's Chief of the Gestapo placed in charge of security and responsible for the construction and operation of extermination camps. He chose suicide rather than face a hangman's noose at Nuremberg. His initials in typical green indelible pencil on a small slip, cut from a document or letter. Loosely pasted at the bottom of an 160gm 8.5 x 11 in. card, beneath a printed scan of a TIME magazine showing his portrait.

Lot: 168 - HEINRICH HIMMLER

HEINRICH HIMMLER (1900 - 1945) Hitler's Chief of the Gestapo placed in charge of security and responsible for the construction and operation of extermination camps. He chose suicide rather than face a hangman's noose at Nuremberg. T.L.S. on his personal 'Der Reichsfuhrer SS' letterhead, 1p. 4to., Berlin, June 3, 1939, in German to 'Richard'. Führer 44/96/39 Berlin SO11, 3. 6.39 Pring-Alb »Echt-Strasse 8 Dear R i char d! Thank you very much for your letter of May 26th, 1939 and for the friendly invitation to visit the Reischs School for Farmers and the Farming College in Goslar. I will be happy to accept your invitation as soon as the time allows. I have taken note of the two reports on the visit by the Chief of Staff [Viktor] Lutze. Hail Hitler!...' Initialed by the recipient at top. Fine.

Lot: 169 - HEINRICH HIMMLER PROMOTES HIS DENTIST TO SS-OBERSTURMBANNFUHRER

HEINRICH HIMMLER PROMOTES HIS DENTIST TO SS-OBERSTURMBANNFUHRER HEINRICH HIMMLER (1900 - 1945) Hitler's Chief of the Gestapo placed in charge of security and responsible for the construction and operation of extermination camps. He chose suicide rather than face a hangman's noose at Nuremberg. An interesting partly-printed D.S. on official Reichsfuhrer-SS letterhead, 1p. 4to., Berlin, April 20, 1937, a promotion document of Himmler's and Hitler's personal dentist HUGO BLASCHKE (1881-1959) to the rank of SS-Obersturmbahnfuhrer. Himmler signs at the conclusion. Mailing folds, two file holes, light paper clip indents at top, negligible spots of staining. Still very good condition and entirely presentable, with blind-embossed 'Meine Ehre heisst Treue' seal. After treating Hermann Goering in 1930, Blaschke was recommended to Hitler by Goering in 1933, where he later became Hitler's personal dentist. He also treated Eva Braun, Joseph Goebbels and Heinrich Himmler. He joined the SS on 1 May 1935, and was later appointed chief dentist of the SS on 31 August 1943.

Lot: 170 - HEINZ MACHER

HEINZ MACHER (1919- 2001) Waffen-SS officer and Nazi official awarded the Knights Cross with Oak Leaves, served as the second personal assistant to Heinrich Himmler. S.P., 3 x 5 in., b/w, chest up pose in uniform signed across himself. Fine condition.

Lot: 171 - HELMUTH VON PANNWITZ

HELMUTH VON PANNWITZ (1898 - 1947) German lieutenant general, a cavalry officer in both world wars and Supreme Ataman of the XV SS Cossack Cavalry Corps, a recipient of the Knights Cross with Oak Leaves. He was executed in Moscow for war crimes in 1947. 'Supreme Ataman' was the highest rank in the Cossack hierarchy and one that was traditionally reserved for the Tsar alone. Rare war date S.P., 3.5 x 4.5, sepia, a chest up pose in uniform, signed at the bottom. Very fine.

Lot: 172 - HENRY 'HAP' ARNOLD

HENRY 'HAP' ARNOLD (1886 - 1950) American general, commander of the Army Air Force through most of World War II, responsible for instituting the daylight bombing raids on Germany. Large I.S.P., 11 x 14 in., b/w, a chest up seated pose in uniform, signed at the bottom with an inscription to 'Lt. Col. C. J. Huff.' Creased, lightly toned with some scattered stains.

Lot: 173 - HERBERT ADOLF HEINRICH STRAUSS

HERBERT ADOLF HEINRICH STRAUSS (1903-1941) Lieutenant colonel in the Waffen SS who served in the 6th Mountain Division, killed in action at Sarkitunturi in Finland during the division's push into the Arctic Circle. Cut signature on a 4.5 x 1.5 in. slip as Sturmbanfuhrer. Fine condition.

Lot: 174 - HERBERT IHLEFELD

HERBERT IHLEFELD (1914 - 1985) Luftwaffe ace with 130 kills, awarded the Knights Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords, flew with the Condor Legion. Survived the war despite being shot down eight times over his career. S.P., 3.5 x 5.5 in., b/w, a Hoffman postcard showing a chest up pose in uniform, prominently wearing his Knight's Cross, signed across the chest. Light stains on the verso, else fine.

Lot: 175 - HERBERT-OTTO GILLE

(1897 - 1966) Germany SS tank commander who headed the 'Viking' Division, made up of thousands of European volunteers, during the Russian campaign. War-date D.S., 1p. large 4to., [n.p., Russia], June 8, 1942, 3, a contract between the SS and Oberkanonier Helmuth Radtke for Radtke to provide 4 1/2 years to the SS, confirmed by Gille who signs in pencil beneath the signature of an unknown Sturmbannfunhrer. Small tear at top margin, else very good.

Lot: 176 - HERMANN GOERING

HERMANN GOERING (1893-1946) German politician who began his career as an ace in World War I, rose to become Hitler's right-hand man and head of the Luftwaffe, finally captured and committed suicide on the eve of his execution. Important content T.L.S. 'Goering' as Commander of the Luftwaffe on official letterhead, 1p. 4to., Berlin, Nov. 1, 1938, thanking the German ambassador of Spain for his work in exchanging German prisoners after the Spanish Civil War. In large part: 'Your excellence! I thank you very much for your efforts in the exchange of the imprisoned Germans and the transmittal of the information of your government. I am convinced that these successes are based on the forceful action of the Spanish National Government. On this occasion I would like to point out that so far six aircraftman have been exchanged [Goering adds the holograph correction: 'not 10'] but no officers so far. There are two officers already since eleven month in captivity...I will therefore be particularly grateful if Your Excellency would be good enough to point out this situation for further exchange negotiations since the situation of the prisoners is very bad and their fate is still uncertain'. Signed 'Goering' at the conclusion. Two punch holes, light spots of foxing, one tear at the right edge. With blind-embossed Luftwaffe eagle at top. A very rare document from the Spanish Civil War, which ended one year later and involved much support from Goering and his German 'Condor Legion'.

Lot: 177 - HERMANN GORING

HERMANN GORING (1893 - 1946) German politician who began his career as an ace in World War I, rose to become Hitler's right-hand man and head of the Luftwaffe, finally captured and committed suicide on the eve of his execution. Early S.P., 3.25 x 5.25 b/w, a Sanke photo postcard of Goring with Pour le Merite and in uniform during World War I, with early signature contemporary to the photo. Fine.

Lot: 178 - HERMANN GRAF

HERMANN GRAF (1912 - 1988) Luftwaffe World War II fighter ace, served on both the Eastern and Western Fronts and credited with 212 victories, 202 of which were on the Eastern Front. First to achieve 200 aerial victories in more than 830 sorties. Holder of the Knights Cross with Oak Leaves, Swords and Diamonds. Signed postcard, 3.75 x 5.5, b/w, an official Hoffman postcard with a chest up pose of Graf in uniform showcasing his Knights Cross. Signed and dated 1981. Fine condition.

Lot: 179 - HERMANN HOTH

HERMANN HOTH (1891 – 1971) German panzer general who drove his forces through France to the Channel, headed Panzer Group III in Barbarossa and later besieged Stalingrad, tried and convicted of war crimes. Fine S.P. ‘Hoth', 3.75 x 5.5 in., [n.p., n.d.], a Hoffman postcard showing a chest up pose in uniform prominently wearing his Knights Cross, signed across his image. Very fine.

Lot: 180 - HERMANN RITTER VON SPECK

HERMANN RITTER VON SPECK (1888 - 1940) German army general who was killed in action during the Battle of France. Cut signature on a 3 x 1 in. slip is affixed to the verso of an official Hoffmann postcard of Speck depicting a chest up pose in uniform. Fine condition.

Lot: 181 - HORST NIEMACK

HORST NIEMACK (1909 – 1992) German general and recipient of the Knight's Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords. Late in the war, Niemack took command of the Panzer Lehr Division, succeeding Gen. Fritz Bayerlein. War-date S.P., 3.5 x 5.5 in., b/w, a Hoffman postcard showing a chest up pose in uniform prominently wearing his Knights Cross, signed across his image. Adhesive residue on the verso. This card has been used postally.

Lot: 182 - HUGH P. HARRIS

HUGH P. HARRIS (1909-1979) U.S. Army four-star general, commanded forces in World War I and Korea. At his retirement, he was commanding general of the U.S. Continental Army Command. Good content T.L.S. on 'The Citadel' letterhead, 2pp. 4to., Charleston, October 30, 1968, to cadet Bruce Burkitt responding to questions sent to him. In part: '...In respect to the action or battle which was most successful, I would reply this way. In World War II I think the best fought defensive action was that of the 101st Airborne division in Bastogne. Practically every principle of war directly influenced the result of this action which was almost miraculous. Th result of that battle, of course, was the last German offensive was broken in Ardennes. In respect to Korea, I think the most successful battle was that of the III Korean Corps... This action precluded destruction of the South Korean Army and led the North Koreans to accept and armistice...' Chipping around the margins, else fine condition

Lot: 183 - HUGO SPERRLE

(1885 - 1953) German field marshal of the Luftwaffe during World War II, captured by the Allies and charged with war crimes in the High Command Trial at the Subsequent Nuremberg Trials but was acquitted. T.L.S. on his letterhead as commander of Luftflotte 3, 1p. 4to., Munich, Mar. 14, 1939 sending his correspondent his photograph (not present). Folds through Sperrle's huge signature, else very good.

Lot: 184 - HUGO SPERRLE

(1885 - 1953) German field marshal of the Luftwaffe during World War II, captured by the Allies and charged with war crimes in the High Command Trial at the Subsequent Nuremberg Trials but was acquitted. Scarce war-date D.A. as Field Marshal, 1p. oblong 8vo., 'Luftflottenkommando 3', Jan. 31, 1944, in German. Not translated but apparently a list of three men to be promoted. Heavily marked-up and docketed throughout, file holes, still very good.

Lot: 185 - HUGO SUETTE

HUGO SUETTE (1903 - 1949) Austrian SA leader, leader of the Deustschlandsberg district of the Nazi Party, involved in a series of war crimes towards the end of the war but escaped prosecution and died shortly after. Late war-date T.L.S. on personal letterhead in German, 1p. 4to., Deutschlandsberg, March 21, 1945, to fellow party member Ferdinand Truckenthaner regarding a recent death. In part: '...As I am told...the blood medalist Ferdinand Wedam, has now also died. Thus this party member, as holder of the highest order of the NSDAP, has fulfilled his oath to the Fuhrer...You and your wife have to bear heavy things. But I am convinced that in the end you, as a German, as a party member, and fellow campaigner of the Fuhrer, know that in such a difficult battle as the German people have to lead, it is precisely the best who have to fall again and again...' Boldly signed at the conclusion, slightly creased, else fine. 'Blood medalist' or 'Blutordenstrager' refers to individuals who had been honored with the Decoration of the Blood Order, an award originally given to party members during the 1923 Beer Hall Putsch but was later extended to others for a variety of criteria. The mentioned individuals above were likely recognized for being members of the Austrian branch of the Nazi Party during the July Putsch of 1934.

Lot: 186 - IVAN BAGRAMYAN

IVAN BAGRAMYAN (1897 - 1982) Soviet-Armenian military commander and Marshal of the Soviet Union, the first non-Slavic military officer to become a commander of a Front. Partly printed war date D.S. in Cyrillic, 2pp. 4to., [n.p.], June 23, 1945, largely untranslated but the last page of a military attestation of an artillery commander. Bagramyan signs on the second page in red ink. Cosigned by fellow generals VASILI MAKAROV and MICHALE BARSUKOV. Slightly creased and toned, pin holes to the left margin.

Lot: 187 - JAMES DOOLITTLE

JAMES DOOLITTLE (1896 - 1993) American aviator and USAAF general who gained fame both as a racing pilot and as leader of the first air raid on Tokyo during World War II. S.P., 8 x 10 in. color, a chest, up pose in uniform.. Fine condition.

Lot: 188 - JAMES DOOLITTLE AND ADOLF GALLAND

JAMES DOOLITTLE AND ADOLF GALLAND A great color photograph, 8 x 10 in., featuring two of the most famous aviators of World War II shaking hands with each other in their later years, JAMES H. DOOLITTLE and ADOLF GALLAND. Signed by both on the front. Fine condition.

Lot: 189 - JAPANESE SURRENDER PHOTO SIGNED BY MACARTHUR, NIMITZ, WAINWRIGHT AND PERCIVAL

JAPANESE SURRENDER PHOTO SIGNED BY MACARTHUR, NIMITZ, WAINWRIGHT AND PERCIVAL A very rare signed printed image of Douglas MacArthur seated upon the deck of the USS MISSOURI in Tokyo Bay, September 2, 1945, as he signs the Japanese Instrument of Surrender. Allied representatives look on, and four present have signed across their respective images. Included is Gen. DOUGLAS MACARTHUR, (1880-1964), who signs "D Mac A"; Fleet Adm. CHESTER W. NIMITZ (1885-1966), who signed the surrender as the U.S. representative, Gen. JONATHAN WAINWRIGHT (1883-1953) who led Army forces during the fall of the Philippines and suffered greatly during his captivity by the Japanese; and British Gen. ARTHUR PERCIVAL (1887-1966), who commanded British Commonwealth forces during the Japanese Malayan Campaign and the subsequent Battle of Singapore. He was imprisoned with Wainwright for the duration of the war. This image shows MacArthur giving Percival one of the signing pens. The photo, scuffed at lower-left, is mounted upon a 9.5 x 4 inch envelope canceled in Washington, DC on September 28, 1945. A rare combination of signatures.

Lot: 190 - JEAN DE LATTRE DE TASSIGNY

(1889 - 1952) French military hero of World War II, led Free French in the taking of Corsica, then landed in Provence and crossed the Vosges after heavy fighting. His army, now numbering more than 320,000 soldiers took Karlsruhe, Ulm and Stuttgart before crossing the Danube and arriving in Austria. Rare A.L.S. on his official correspondence card as colonel of the 151st Infantry Regiment, 1p. 12mo., Dec. 29, 1935 to 'Chef de Battalion Liebray' in Algiers. The future war hero pens a warm letter of congratulations in French, possibly following the birth of his friend's child. Fine, with transmittal envelope.

Lot: 191 - JOACHIM FRIEDRICH HUTH

JOACHIM FRIEDRICH HUTH (1896 - 1962) German lieutenant general of Luftwaffe who commanded multiple fighter divisions, Knight's Cross recipient. S.P., 3 x 4 in., chest up pose in uniform, signed across his chest. Fine condition.

Lot: 192 - JOACHIM MUNCHEBERG

JOACHIM MUNCHEBERG (1918 - 1943) Luftwaffe fighter pilot credited with 135 enemy aircraft shot down in over 500 combat missions. The majority of his victories were claimed over the Western Front, with 33 claims over the Eastern Front. Killed in a mid-air collision, he was a Knights Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords recipient. Rare S.P., 3.5 x 5.5 in., b/w, chest up pose in uniform displaying his Oak Leaves, signed across himself. Very fine.

Lot: 193 - JOACHIM VON RIBBENTROP

JOACHIM VON RIBBENTROP (1893 - 1946) Nazi foreign minister, the first of the Nuremberg defendants to hang on October 16, 1946. Good content A.L.S., 3pp. 8vo., Berlin, Aug. 21 [n.y.], to an otherwise unidentified 'Herr General'. In part (loosely translated): '...Most honored General! The purpose of this note is to ask you if it is possible for you to spare me a few undisturbed hours on Monday - whether it is at the ministry or somewhere else, I am always at your disposal, so that I can pass on to you information regarding a business matter, which is very urgent and cannot be delayed. On my return today from Berchtesgaden where I had been, I have just had a detailed discussion with Herr von Papen in this connection. During that conversation it was the mutual wish of Papen to let you have detailed knowledge of the matter via myself. After I have spoken to you tomorrow, Herr von Papen would like to discuss the matter with you on Tuesday in order to make more wide-reaching decisions. I should be grateful if you could let me know by telephone...' Boldly penned, with moderate show-through, file holes in left margin slightly affecting text, some even toning.

Lot: 194 - JOACHIM VON STULPNAGEL

(1880 - 1968) German infantry general, until 1932 commanded 3. Division and commander of Wehrkreis III, Berlin. He then was involved in publishing the 'Berliner Borsenzeitung'. After the July 20 plot, he was arrested as a 'politisch unzuverlassig' ('politically untrustworthy') and imprisoned in a KZ. Good pair of signed items, includes a fine content T.L.S. on his personal letterhead, 2pp. 4to., Oberaudorf, Oct. 24, 1959, in German to a researcher. In part: '...I lived until 1945 in Potsdam...Then the Russians came, threw my large family and me off my property and only allowed us to take the bare necessities. So I lost all my memories, files, and the like. Only a very small part of my written materials were later found scattered in the nearby forest...' He then describes a number of items he was able to recover from the forest, including a 6.5 x 4.75 in. photo of himself and Fritsch which he signs on the face and the verso, which is included in the lot. Two pieces, fine condition.

Lot: 195 - JOHANN MICKL

JOHANN MICKL (1893 - 1945) Wehrmacht lieutenant general, winner of the Knight's Cross with Oak leaves. Mortally wounded by Yugoslav partisans in April 1945. Signed photo postcard, 4 x 6 in. b/w, a chest-up view of Mickl wearing his Knight's Cross. Signed at the bottom in green pencil. Fine condition.

Lot: 196 - JOHANNES BLASKOWITZ

(1883 - 1948) Senior Wehrmacht general, commander of Polish occupation forces who opposed the excesses of the SS against the Jews. Fine content T.L.S. on his general's letterhead, 1p. 4to., [n.p.], Mar. 9, 1945 to an old military comrade, congratulating him upon his apparent retirement from a certain position. He adds: '...our country, which is struggling for its very existence...we have been here since February 8th in the most difficult defense battle, initially against the English alone, and then also against the Americans. We are now preparing for the defense of the Rhine itself...' Wrinkled, still very good. Blaskowitz was then in Holland conducted a fighting withdrawal for which he was awarded the Swords to his Knight's Cross.

Lot: 197 - JOHN CHARLES CAMPBELL

JOHN CHARLES CAMPBELL (1894 - 1942) British major general who commanded the Eighth Army during the Western Desert campaign, recipient of the Victoria Cross for his actions as a commander at Sidi Rezegh in November 1941. Killed in an auto accident. Very rare war-date initialed document 'JCC', 1p. 8vo., [n.p.],, February 1, 1942, a document recommending an award for Patrick Vine of the 22nd Army brigade. In part: '...This warrant officer was a magnificent example to all who came in contact with him for his cool and cheerful courage and his desire to get into battle...he remained in position to the very last moment and engaged the enemy at very short range...When sufficiently rearmed he took up his position again and It was largely due to his strong resistance and perfect control that the enemy were at last brought to a halt...[sd] N.M Ritchie Lieut-General...' Campbell initials a nearby margin as lieutenant general. A few scattered stains and chips to the margin.

Lot: 198 - JOSEF 'SEPP' DIETRICH

JOSEF 'SEPP' DIETRICH (1892 - 1966) German SS General, one of Nazi Germany's most decorated soldiers. Prior to 1929 he was Hitler's chauffeur and bodyguard but received rapid promotion after his participation in the ‘Night of the Long Knives'. Commanded 6th Panzer Army in the Battle of the Bulge. Sentenced to 25 years imprisonment for the execution of American P.O.W.s during the offensive. D.S., 1p. olbong 8vo., [n.p.], September 11, 1945, signing a certification of his proper signature. File holes to the top else fine. Accompanied by an image of Dietrich.

Lot: 199 - JOSEF 'SEPP' DIETRICH

JOSEF 'SEPP' DIETRICH (1892 - 1966) German SS general, one of Nazi Germany's most decorated soldiers. Prior to 1929 he was Hitler's chauffeur and bodyguard but received rapid promotion after his participation in the Night of the Long Knives. Commanded 6th Panzer Army in the Battle of the Bulge. Sentenced to 25 years imprisonment for the execution of American P.O.W.s during the offensive. Fine war-date S.P. 'Sepp Dietrich 25 8 42', 3.5 x 5.5 b/w, a great chest, up pose in uniform by Hoffmann, boldly signed at bottom. Fine.

Lot: 200 - JOSEF MENGELE

JOSEF MENGELE (1911 - ca. 1980) Nazi 'doctor' who plied his trade at Auschwitz, he was the most brutal and detestable of all the camp doctors. It was Mengele's decision as to whether camp inmates would be used as forced labor or sent directly to the gas chambers, and he as well performed hideous experiments on inmates, especially twins. After the war, Mengele fled to Argentina where he avoided capture until his death. His black ink signature 'Josef' cut from a document, loosely pasted to a 160gm 8.5 x 11 in. card beneath a reprinted portrait. Very good.

Lot: 201 - JOSEPH ROSENTHAL

JOSEPH ROSENTHAL (1911 - 2006) American press photographer who covered the Pacific during World War II, captured the iconic photograph of Marines hoisting the flag on Iwo Jima. A great signed copy of his famous photograph, 8 x 10 in., b/w, signed with the date the original picture was taken. Fine condition.

Lot: 202 - JOSEPH T. MCNARNEY

JOSEPH T. MCNARNEY (1893 - 1972) Army Air Force major general, Deputy Supreme Allied Commander in the Mediterranean Theater and commanding general of the U.S. Army Forces, Mediterranean Theater. Signed German newspaper clipping, 3 x 4.5 in., [n.p., n.d.], featuring an image of McNarney with an untranslated caption. Mounted. Sold with a mailing envelope. Fine condition.

Lot: 203 - JULIUS SCHAUB

JULIUS SCHAUB (1898 - 1967) Hitler's chief personal adjutant sent to Munich to destroy Hitler's personal papers after the fall of Berlin. Great S.P., 3.5 x 5.5 b/w, a period postcard photograph showing Hitler shaking hands with the leader of the Nazi Women's Union, Gertrud Scholtz-Klink, with Schaub standing in the background beside Rudolf Hess. He signs above his image. Fine condition.

Lot: 204 - JULIUS STREICHER

JULIUS STREICHER (1885 - 1946) Nazi journalist and politician, editor of 'Der Sturmer' and virulent anti-Semite, executed at Nuremburg. Rare black ink signature on a 1935 Reichsparteitag postcard, bearing a commemorative inkstamp from the event, and a Reichsparteitag postage stamp, overlapped by a Nuremberg hand-cancel dated 'Sept 13, 1935' - the third day of the event. Streicher signs boldly on the verso, adding the year '1938'. Light creases to an upper corner, else fine.

Lot: 205 - KARL DONITZ

KARL DONITZ (1891 - 1980) German admiral who headed the U-Boat arm of the German Navy, later succeeded Hitler as Fuhrer after Hitler's suicide. S.P., 4 x 5.75 in. b/w, a chest, up pose in uniform signed at bottom. Contrast fair, else fine.

Lot: 206 - KARL DONITZ

KARL DONITZ (1891 - 1980) German admiral who headed the U-Boat arm of the German Navy, later succeeded Hitler as Fuhrer after Hitler's suicide. S.P., 4 x 6 in. b/w, a portrait in uniform signe din black ink at bottom. Fine.

Lot: 207 - KARL DONITZ

KARL DONITZ (1891 - 1980) German admiral who headed the U-Boat arm of the German Navy, later succeeded Hitler as Fuhrer after Hitler's suicide. T.L.S. with the scarce, full 'Karl Donitz' on his personal letterhead, 1p. oblong 8vo., Aumuhle, Dec. 9, 1972 sending Christmas and new year's greetings to a friend. Fine.

Lot: 208 - KARL DONITZ

(1891 - 1980) German admiral who headed the U-Boat arm of the German Navy, later succeeded Hitler as Fuehrer after Hitler's suicide. Fine content T.L.S. on his personal letterhead, 3pp. 4to., Aumuhle, Nov. 3, 1963 to an American historian. In part: '...I will provide you with two copies...so you can have an objective judgement about why Hitler trusted me and always treated me with courtesy...the main reason for this was his respect for me...I believe he had personal ties with me, while mine was related to my business relationship with him...why Hitler chose me as his successor...capitulation would then be more expediently carried out by an unpolitical soldier, rather than a party politician..' Donitz also briefly discusses the interim government he had established, charges brought against him at Nuremberg, and more. Fine.

Lot: 209 - KARL DONITZ

KARL DONITZ (1891 - 1980) German admiral who headed the U-Boat arm of the German Navy, later succeeded Hitler as Fuhrer after Hitler's suicide. Good content A.L.S. while awaiting trial in Nuremberg, 1p. 8vo., Oct. 26, 1945, in German. In full: 'To Prison Office To the General Secretary of the International Military Tribunal, Court House, Nuremberg. Please may I speak to Major Neave. Karl Donitz' File holes at top affect a few letters of text, mounted, else very good. Major AIREY NEAVE (1916-1979) was a well-known war hero – as well as a qualified lawyer who spoke fluent German – and had been tasked with the role of reading the indictments to the Nazi leaders on trial. He had done so only one week earlier, and this likely was the impetus behind Donitz's request.

Lot: 210 - KARL DONITZ

KARL DONITZ (1891 - 1980) German admiral who headed the U-Boat arm of the German Navy, later succeeded Hitler as Fuhrer after Hitler's suicide. 'THE FATE OF OUR POOR COUNTRY WEIGHS ON ME IN REAL EARNEST...' Fine content A.L.S. as a prisoner awaiting trial, 'Karl Donitz' and signed again 'Donitz' in the address, 2pp. legal folio, Nuremberg, Mar.24 [1946], to his wife Inge who was then at a hospital on a British base in Holstein. In part: 'My Dear Wife Inge I thank you warmly for your letter of 13.3; all your letters have arrived...My little Inge, you need have no worries about my being cold. Actually, from a health point of view, things are going well, and I don't let myself make a fuss about trifles. But it is natural that the fate of our poor country weighs on me in real earnest...too many things point in the same direction. But at the outset one ought to wait. Have you got over feeling fed up and how are things with Ursula and the children? Hopefully, you have succeeded in arranging other sources of food supply. I have been deeply touched by the loyalty and constancy shown by many of my old salts, as I hear from all sides. This is no empty illusion, and the most lasting memorial a man can have is to find house room in true hearts...Goodbye my Inge. With love, from your young man...' Donitz signs in block letters at bottom, as required by prison authorities. Lightly toned, else very good.

Lot: 211 - KARL DONITZ

KARL DONITZ (1891 - 1980) German admiral who headed the U-boat arm of the German Navy, later succeeded Hitler as Fuhrer after his suicide. D.S., 1p. legal folio, [n.p.], April 7, 1978, a signed copy of the German Instrument of Surrender, originally signed at Rheims on May 7, 1945. Donitz signs at the bottom in blue ink adding the date and 'General Jodl in einer Aussfrag.' Fine condition.

Lot: 212 - KARL DONITZ

KARL DONITZ (1891 - 1980) German admiral who headed the U-Boat arm of the German Navy, later succeeded Hitler as Fuhrer after Hitler's suicide. T.L.S. 'Donitz' in German on his personal letterhead, 1p. oblong 8vo., Aumuhle, June 14, 1975, thanking a Mr. Rossbach and adding: '...I will give you more information about my work in World War I in a later letter...' One vertical fold, else fine.

Lot: 213 - KARL DONITZ

KARL DONITZ (1891-1980) German admiral who headed the U-Boat arm of the German Navy, later succeeded Hitler as Fuhrer after Hitler's suicide. T.L.S. on personal letterhead, 1p. 8vo., Holstein, April 5, 1978, responding to a request for his signature for a relative's birthday. Boldly signed at the conclusion. Fine condition.

Lot: 214 - KARL DONITZ

KARL DONITZ (1891-1980) German admiral who headed the U-Boat arm of the German Navy, later succeeded Hitler as Fuhrer after Hitler's suicide. T.L.S. on his personal letterhead, 1p. oblong 8vo., Aumuhle, Oct. 12, 1974 in German, politely refusing to sign a large group of souvenir envelopes for his correspondent. Marginal file holes, else fine.

Lot: 215 - KARL DONITZ

KARL DONITZ (1891-1980) German admiral who headed the U-Boat arm of the German Navy, later succeeded Hitler as Fuhrer after Hitler's suicide. T.L.S. on his personal letterhead, 1p. oblong 8vo., Aumuhle, Apr. 26, 1976 in German, advising that he had signed a quantity of souvenir envelopes and agreeing to sign an additional grouping. Marginal file holes, else very good.

Lot: 216 - KARL DONITZ

KARL DONITZ (1891-1980) German admiral who headed the U-Boat arm of the German Navy, later succeeded Hitler as Fuhrer after Hitler's suicide. A.L.S. on his personal letterhead, 2pp. oblong 8vo., Aumuhle, Nov. 13, 1978, in German. Not translated but apparently discussing two photographs of himself, one in uniform, one in civilian garb. Marginal file holes, else fine.

Lot: 217 - KARL DONITZ

KARL DONITZ (1891 - 1980) German admiral who headed the U-Boat arm of the German Navy, later succeeded Hitler as Fuehrer after Hitler's suicide. Typed D.S., 1p. 4to. on cloth-like stock, Jan. 12, 1977, a souvenir copy of his May 1, 1945 message to the German people advising them that Hitler had named him to assume the leadership of the nation and that his task was to save them from the 'advancing Bolshevik enemy'. He further notes that as a result, the British and Americans fighting against Germany were fighting 'solely for the expansion of Bolshevism in Europe...' Fine.

Lot: 218 - KARL DONITZ

KARL DONITZ (1891 - 1980) German admiral who headed the U-Boat arm of the German Navy, later succeeded Hitler as Fuehrer after Hitler's suicide. S.P., 4 x 5.75 b/w, a chest, up pose in uniform signed and dated at bottom. Contrast fair, else fine.

Lot: 219 - KARL HEINZ KRAHL

KARL HEINZ KRAHL (1914 - 1942) Luftwaffe ace credited with anywhere from 20-25 victories, Knight's Cross Recipient, Spanish Cross in Gold with Swords recipient for flying with the Condor Legion, killed in action during the Siege of Malta. Very scarce war dated printed D.S. 'Krahl', 1p. legal folio., 'in the field', April 7, 1942, an award application for Luftwaffe pilot Lothar Myrrhe to be granted the Front Flying Clasp, signed at the conclusion. Krahl would be killed when he was shot down by anti-aircraft guns at the Siege of Malta only one week later. Creased, else fine. Accompanied by an image of Krahl.

Lot: 220 - KARL KAUFFMANN

KARL KAUFFMANN (1900 - 1969) Nazi Gauleiter in Hamburg and the first Nazi leader to deport German Jews, in this instance to the Lodz Ghetto in Poland. War date D.S., 1p. legal folio, Hamburg, January 30, 1942, an official appointment of Wilhelm Friedrichs to the role of City Inspector for Hamburg, signed as Reichsstatthalter.

Lot: 221 - KARL SMIDT

(1903 - 1984) German admiral, commanded Destroyer Units Z12 and Z27, a recipient of the Knight's Cross. Pair of signed items, includes a T.L.S. on his personal letterhead, 1p. large 4to, Rendsburg, Nov. 12, 1971, apparently sending a signed photograph. Lightly toned and a bit ragged at top, else fine. SOLD WITH: an S.P., 5.25 x 7.25 b/w, a chest-up pose showing Smidt in wartime uniform, signed and hand-dated '1971' in the white bottom margin.

Lot: 222 - KARL WOLFF

KARL WOLFF (1906-1975) Colonel-general in the Waffen-SS, liaison officer for Himmler with Hitler, German military governor of Northern Italy. Typed D.S, 1p. 8vo., [n.p., n.d. but war date], order authorizing an SS man for a promotion. In part: '...The Reichsfuhrer agrees with the suggestion that Standartenfuhrer Fritz Meyer should be considered as Police President for Waldenburg/Silesia. However he wishes that...Meyer comes for a short time beforehand....for the appropriate training...' Wolff boldly signs the conclusion as an SS group leader. Fine condition. Fritz Meyer (1900-?) was an SS Standartefuhrer who commanded multiple regiments over his career including the 8th, 16th, and 23rd Standartes.

Lot: 223 - KIRILL MOSKALENKO

KIRILL MOSKALENKO (1902 - 1985) Soviet general who broke out of the Kiev trap and later forced Guderian's withdrawal from Moscow, essentially saving the city. Partly printed D.S. in Cyrillic, 4pp. 4to., [n.p.], December 31, 1949, largely untranslated but a negative military attestation of Soviet Air Force Col. Stepan Maykovski recommending him to be transferred to a university as a military lecturer. Moskalenko signs the bottom of the second page. Cosigned by two Soviet fighter aces ALEXANDER POKRYSHKIN (1913-1985), and YEVGENY SAVITSKY (1910-1990). Slightly toned with a few stains, else fine.

Lot: 225 - KONSTANTIN ROKOSSOVSKY

KONSTANTIN ROKOSSOVSKY (1896 - 1968) Soviet general, Marshal of the Soviet Union, who held the critical northwest approaches to Moscow, later headed defenses at Stalingrad and near the end of the war encircled and destroyed the German 4th Army. Partly printed war date D.S. in Cyrillic as a Major, 2pp. 4to., Moscow, December 2, 1940, largely untranslated but a military attestation of a Veterinary Service Doctor named Anatoly Matul. Rokossovsky signs at the bottom of the second page adding 'Cooperates with occupied position. Commander of the 5th Separate Corps General - Major Rokossovsky.' Trimmed at the right margin, pin holes to the top left, else fine.

Lot: 226 - KURT STUDENT

(1890 - 1978) German general of paratroopers, the commander of the world's first airborne division who took the 'impregnable' Eben Emael, later he undertook the invasion of Crete with mixed success. War-date S.P. 'Student General der Flieger', 4.25 x 6 in., a color Willrich portrait postcard boldly signed, sold with the original transmittal envelope which bears a July 7, 1944, Feldpost cancel. Two pieces, very good.

Lot: 227 - LAVRENTIY BERIA

LAVRENTIY BERIA (1899-1953) Chief of the NKVD, the Soviet security and secret police apparatus under Joseph Stalin during World War II, his deputy premier from 1941 on, and serial rapist, he was purged and executed after Stalin's death. Fine association and content war-date T.L.S in indelible pencil on NKVD letterhead, 5pp. large 4to., 1940, to KLIMENT VOROSHILOV (1881-1969), Soviet military officer and politician who served as Stalin's defense minister, reorganized the general staff, mechanized the army, and developed the air force. Beria sends a damning report to Voroshilov which undoubtedly led to the execution of many of those named within. It reads, in part: '...Special division of the NKVD of the Leningrad military district has reported...At a distance of 80 metres from hill 65,5 the platoon came under enemy fire. The support company could not render any assistance to the platoon since there had not been sufficient preparation for the engagement. The divisional commander was already aware that the machine-guns in this company did not work properly, and that the troops' personal weapons were defective, and that out of the whole company only two Red Army men were able to fire their rifles during military action...3rd Company, under command of company commander KIRILENKO, went on the reconnaissance and no positive result came of it, but, coming under machine-gun fire from the enemy, it took losses...The majority of troops in the reconnaissance company do not even know how to ski...KUZNETSOV announced on his return that they were forced to bury their skis in the snow since no one knew how to ski...During military action by the 24' Rifle Division an artillery preparation was arranged which should have lasted for 2 hours...reserves were only enough shells for 40-45 minutes of firing. In order to comply with this order, commanders of the artillery units intervened to extend the time between salvoes...2nd Lieutenant Ayllis said: 'We live here in a worse state than someone living far from the centre of a collective farm. Not one piece of information about the situation at the front and about the actions of our units has been forthcoming...' A Red Army soldier of the 662nd Rifle Regiment, of that same division, TOLKACHEV said: 'We are fed up with all this, you don't know what is happening...all we are doing is sitting around...'ANDREYEV in 9th Army's area of operations...claims: 'no kind of work amongst the local population is necessary, they should be left alone and not agitated...' File holes in left margin, else fine condition. With full translation.

Lot: 228 - LENI RIEFENSTAHL

LENI RIEFENSTAHL (1902 - 2003) German film director, an intimate friend of Hitler who filmed the propaganda classic, Triumph of the Will. S.P., 4.25 x 6 in., b/w, chest up pose in her later years, signed at the bottom. Fine condition.

Lot: 229 - LENI RIEFENSTAHL

(1902 - 2003) German film director, an intimate friend of Hitler who filmed the propaganda classic, 'Triumph of the Will.' Excellent S.P., 3.5 x 5.5 in., b/w, a dramatic chest-up portrait, signed on the bottom margin. Fine condition.

Lot: 230 - LENI RIEFENSTAHL

LENI RIEFENSTAHL (1902 - 2003) German film director, an intimate friend of Hitler who filmed the propaganda classic, 'Triumph of the Will.' Excellent S.P., 3.5 x 5.5 in., b/w, a dramatic chest-up portrait, signed on the bottom margin. Fine condition.

Lot: 231 - LENI RIEFENSTAHL

LENI RIEFENSTAHL (1902 - 2003) German film director, an intimate friend of Hitler who filmed the propaganda classic, 'Triumph of the Will.' S.P., 4 x 5.75 in. color, an image of Riefenstahl later in life wearing a wetsuit, signed along the bottom margin in black ink. Fine.

Lot: 232 - LEONARDO CONTI

LEONARDO CONTI (1900 - 1945) Chief Physician of the Third Reich, he instituted state-sponsored euthanasia programs which resulted in the deaths of thousands of Germans. Held after the war for crimes against humanity, he hanged himself in his cell at Nuremberg. Rare, fine content handwritten and signed official P.O.W. postcard while an Allied prisoner, signed 'Leonardo Conti' in block letters at conclusion of the text, and 'Conti' in the address, [Nuremberg], Aug. 19, 1945 to 'Irmgard', his daughter. Two months before he would hang himself in his cell, he writes: 'Dear Irmgard All best wishes to you. Remain dear and good. Be very brave as you have already shown your parents. Frau Kelle and Frau Schiller are going to be as dear to you as I am. Think always with love of your Dad. Leonardo Conti' Slight uneven toning, else very good. This exact piece appears in Charles Hamilton's classic autograph reference book: 'Leaders & Personalities of the Third Reich'.

Lot: 233 - LUDWIG WOLFF AND HANS-EUGEN SOMMER

LUDWIG WOLFF AND HANS-EUGEN SOMMER LUDWIG WOLFF (1886 - 1950) German General der Flieger, Commanding General of Luftgau XI from April 1939 until war's end. / HANS-EUGEN SOMMER (1901-1952) NSDAP district leader, Police Chief of Rostock, later served as a member of the Reichstag from Mecklenburg in 1943. Excellent D.S., 3pp. 4to., Rostock, Dec. 11, 1942, an official list of proposed recipients of the War Merit Cross, Second Class with Swords, bearing the names of four teenaged recipients and descriptions of the heroic actions they undertook. Interestingly, the document is labelled 'jugendliche' ('youthful'), and all four awardees are aged 15 to 17... quite young, considering they were nominated for combatting Allied incendiary bombs dropped on the town, fighting off the flames, carrying reports from the mayor, helping to recover 'the Golden Book' from a smoke-filled council chamber, etc. Both men sign on the front cover. Two file holes, staple hole and stain at upper-left, else very good.

Lot: 234 - LUFTWAFFE ACES

LUFTWAFFE ACES A great b/w photograph, 6.25 x 5 in., depicting a scene of Hitler presenting awards to Luftwaffe pilots, signed by three of the men who are likely pictured including WALTER KRUPINSKI, HANS JOACHIM JABS, and HANS GEORG BATCHER. Fine condition.

Lot: 235 - LUFTWAFFE ACES POSTCARD

LUFTWAFFE ACES POSTCARD A very rare period post card signed by a fine collection of eleven German Luftwaffe aces of World War II, 4 x 6 in., 1942, featuring an image of a Focke Wulf Jager Fw 190 in flight. Signatures include ERICH HARTMANN, ADOLF GALLAND, WALTER KRUPINSKI, DIETRICH HRABAK, GUNTHER RALL, ADOLF GLUNZ, JOHANNES STEINHOFF, HANNES TRAUTLOFT, WOLFGANG SPATE, HAJO HERMANN, HERMANN SCHLEINHEGE. Very fine.

Lot: 236 - LUFTWAFFE ACES POSTCARD

LUFTWAFFE ACES POSTCARD A very rare period post card signed by a great collection of eleven German Luftwaffe aces of World War II, 4 x 6 in., 1942, featuring an image of three Focke Wulf Jager Fw 190's on a runway. Signatures include ERICH HARTMANN, ADOLF GALLAND, WALTER KRUPINSKI, DIETRICH HRABAK, GUNTHER RALL, ADOLF GLUNZ, JOHANNES STEINHOFF, HANNES TRAUTLOFT, WOLFGANG SPATE, HAJO HERMANN, and HERMANN SCHLEINHEGE. Very fine.

Lot: 237 - MANFRED ROMMEL

MANFRED ROMMEL (1928 - 2013) German politician, Mayor of Stuttgart from 1974 until 1996, the only son of Wehrmacht field marshal Erwin Rommel and contributed to the establishment of museums in his father's honor. S.P., 8 x 10 in., color, chest up seated pose above his name and on the occasion of his 60th birthday on December 24, 1988. Fine condition.

Lot: 238 - MARIKA ROKK

MARIKA ROKK (1913 - 2004) Prominent dancer, singer and actress in Nazi-era German films, groomed by Goebbels to be a film icon rivaling Ginger Rogers and Rita Hayworth. According to declassified documents, Rokk may have been part of a spy ring that worked for the KGB that passed secrets over to Moscow and was suspected as such for over 50 years. S.P., 3.75 x 5.5 in., b/w, standing pose while performing, signed in blue ink. Fine condition.

Lot: 239 - MARK W. CLARK

MARK W. CLARK (1896 - 1984) American general, commanded the landings at Salerno and Anzio against the forces of Kesselring. Fine I.S.P., 8 x 10 in., b/w, a chest up seated pose in uniform, dedicated to Steven Rugg. Fine condition.

Lot: 240 - MARTIN BORMANN

MARTIN BORMANN (1900 - 1945?) Head of the Nazi Party Chancellery and private secretary to Adolf Hitler, by the end of World War II Bormann had become second only to Hitler himself in terms of real political power. Excellent association T.L.S. on his 'Reichsleiter' letterhead, 1p. 4to., Fuhrer Headquarters, December 7, 1941, a letter on behalf of Adolf Hitler regarding the testing of war equipment sent to noted industrialist ALFRED VON BOHLEN UND HALBACH, whose company Friedrich Krupp AG (through the use of slave labor) produced almost everything for the German war machine - from U-boats, battleships, howitzers, trains, railway guns, machine guns, cars, tanks, and much more. In full: 'In response to your letter, I informed the Fuhrer that maybe at the beginning of December the first test of the Grossgerats [German military jargon for vehicles, tanks, artillery, aircraft, etc.] will start. The Fuhrer insists on being present at this test as the test scheduled for 3rd December was cancelled. The Fuhrer hopes, if possible, to attend the next test so I am asking you to inform me at the earliest when the next date is known. Dr. Hanssen informs me that this may be at the end of January.' Signed at the conclusion. One of Krupp's secretaries adds a date stamp at upper-right, docketing at the opposing corner. Two file holes with loss to the left edge thereat, else very good. Sold with a translation. This testing likely relates to the prototypes of the Tiger I tank, which saw service in Africa and the Soviet Union starting in 1942, though this is impossible to fully confirm given the sheer numbers of equipment produced by the company.

Lot: 241 - MARTIN HARLINGHAUSEN

MARTIN HARLINGHAUSEN (1902-1986) Luftwaffe commander during World War II and a recipient of the Knight's Cross with Oak Leaves. Signed postcard, 4 x 6 in., Berlin, [n.d.], featuring a sketch portrait of Harlinghausen in uniform, signed across himself. Fine condition.

Lot: 242 - MAX PEMSEL

MAX PEMSEL (1897-1985) German lieutenant general, awarded the Knight's Cross, coordinated the first German response to the D-Day landings. A.L.S., 1p. oblong 8vo., Munich, April 12, 1970, responding to a request for the address of a fellow general. In part: '...I can tell you that General Ruhle died in Stuttgart some years ago. I regret that I could not discover the address of General von Uckermann, but I believe that he is dead as well...' Horst von Uckermann (1891-1961) was a German major general during World War II. Sold with two signed printed paper photographs of Pemsel in uniform. Fine condition.

Lot: 243 - MAX WACHTEL

MAX WACHTEL (1897-1982) German Oberst and commander of Flak Regiment 155, which was responsible for the V-1 offensive, whose leadership mistakes caused the V-1 rockets to become notably inaccurate. A certain number of the V-1s fired had been fitted with radio transmitters, which had clearly demonstrated a tendency for the V-1 to fall short. Wachtel compared this data with the reports of his double agents, and concluded falsely that the radio transmitters must be wrong. It was later calculated that if Wachtel relied on the radar, he would have made the correct adjustments to the V-1's guidance, and casualties might have increased by 50 percent or more. Rare T.L.S., 1p. 4to., Hamburg, Aug. 1, 1971, addressed to investigative journalist Gunther Peiss. Wachtel encloses a letter or document (not included), and writes in part: '...Typewriting is not my forte. I hope that at least the matter of what I have written will meet your approval...' Signed 'Wachtel' in blue ink at the conclusion. Two file holes, else fine. Sold with a translation. The letter likely relates to Peis's 1976 book 'The Mirror of Deception', in which he exposed a German double spy who had supplied the German defense system from Great Britain with false reports for years.

Lot: 244 - MAX WUNSCHE

MAX WUNSCHE (1914 - 1995) Waffen SS Obersturmbannfuhrer, Knight's Cross with Oak Leaves recipient, adjutant to Sepp Dietrich, platoon leader in SS Leibstandarte Adolf Hitler, and a member of Hitler's personal body guard unit (Fuherbegleitkommando). S.P., 3.25 x 5.5. in., b/w, standing pose in uniform, signed at the bottom. Fine condition.

Lot: 245 - MAXIMILIAN FELZMANN

MAXIMILIAN FELZMANN (1894 - 1962) German general of artillery, commanded the 251st infantry division and the 46th Panzercorps, Knight's Cross with Oak Leaves recipient. War date D.S., 1p. 8vo., [n.p.], October 5, 1943, an official award citation bestowing an Iron Cross, 2nd Class to Sergeant Martin Frey, signed at the conclusion. Very fine. Sold with two other award citations issued to Frey, one for an Anschluss medal and the other an Infantry Assault badge. Martin Frey (1904-1971) would go on to become a German politician of the Christian Democratic Union and be elected to the Bundestag.

Lot: 246 - MEDAL OF HONOR RECIPIENTS

MEDAL OF HONOR RECIPIENTS A fine FDC honoring the U.S. military's highest decoration, the Medal of Honor, 4 x 6 in., postmarked June 7, 1983, signed by four recipients of the prestigious award including DESMOND DOSS (1919 - 2006), ERNEST CHILDERS (1918 - 2005), JOHN R. CREWS (1923 - 1999), and EUGENE FLUCKEY (1913 - 2007). Fine condition.

Lot: 247 - MEDAL OF HONOR RECIPIENTS (5)

MEDAL OF HONOR RECIPIENTS (5) A large photograph, 11 x 14 in., color, featuring an image of the World War II Victory Medal, signed in blue ink by five recipients of the United States' highest decoration for valor, the Medal of Honor. Signers include CHARLES H. COOLIDGE (1921-2021), HERSEHL W. WILLIAMS (b. 1923), JACK H. LUCAS (1928-2008), GEORGE E. WAHLEN (1924-2009), and WALTER D. EHLERS (1921-2014). Also signing is Distinguished Flying Cross recipient and Doolittle Raider CHARLES J. OZUK. Very fine condition.

Lot: 248 - NAZI ADMINISTRATORS AND MILITARY MEN

NAZI ADMINISTRATORS AND MILITARY MEN Dealer's lot of four signed pieces, includes BERNHARD KOERNER (1875-1952), German anti-Semitic politician, awarded titles and medals from the Chancellery, T.L.S. 1p. 4to., Berlin, Apr. 1, 1942 concerns the award of a lifesaving medal; ERNST CABANIS (1890-1968) Luftwaffe general, served in the battles for Berlin and Potsdam, D.S., 1p. oblong 8vo., Berlin, Apr. 10, 1942, also concerning an award; EDUARD VON ASMUTH (1893- ?) Ministerial counselor in the RLM and later serving under Himmler, typed d.s., 2pp. oblong 8vo., Mar 5, 1943, concerns the award of a number of War Merit Crosses; and GUSTAV KASTNER-KIRDORF (1881-1945), head of the staff-office of the Luftwaffe, initialed retained copy of a 1942 T.L.S. re: award of a lifesaving medal. With seven related documents. Some marginal rust staining.

Lot: 249 - NAZI INVITATIONS TO ALESSANDRO PAVOLINI

NAZI INVITATIONS TO ALESSANDRO PAVOLINI A great pair of war date invitations for German events sent to Alessandro Pavolini (1903 - 1945), Secretary of the Italian Fascist Party, shot and hanged with his mentor, Benito Mussolini. The first, 1p. oblong 8vo., sent on behalf of Joseph Goebbels and Baldur von Shirach invites him to 'Mozart Week' for 1941 in Vienna. The next, also 1p. oblong 8vo., invites him to a celebratory meeting of the Reich Labor Chamber on April 30, 1943, bearing a facsimile signature of Robert Ley. File holes to the left margin of the latter invitation, both slightly worn. Overall good.

Lot: 250 - NEVILLE CHAMBERLAIN

NEVILLE CHAMBERLAIN (1869 - 1940) British Prime Minister best known for his foreign policy of appeasement, and in particular for his signing of the Munich Agreement in 1938. T.L.S. as Chancellor of the Exchequer on 11 Downing Street letterhead, 1p. 4to., London, April 26, 1937 - one month before he would become Prime Minister. Chamberlain responds to an autograph seeker: '...Most autograph hunters have to be contented with a lithographed signature from me, but you have been so ingenious in the way you have put your request that I am making an exception in your case and hereby subscribe myself...' Fine, with a photo of Chamberlain reading his Munich Agreement statement to the press.

Lot: 251 - NICOLAS VON FALKENHORST

NICOLAS VON FALKENHORST (1885 - 1968) German general who planned 'Operation Weserübung', the invasion of Denmark and Norway in 1940, later he became commander of the German troops in Norway between 1940 and 1944. War date signed postcard, 4.25 x 5.75 in., Norway, 1942, featuring a sketch portrait of Falkenhorst in uniform, boldly signed in blue ink on the verso. Accompanied by a mailing envelope with the letterhead of Wehrmacht forces in Norway. Very good.

Lot: 252 - NUREMBERG DEFENSE ATTORNEYS SEEK PROTECTION FROM THE PUBLIC

NUREMBERG DEFENSE ATTORNEYS SEEK PROTECTION FROM THE PUBLIC Excellent content D.S.signed by 28 Nuremberg defense attorneys and other legal representatives of the chief defendants of the Nuremberg War Crimes Trials, 1p. legal folio, Nuremberg, Aug. 2, 1945, addressed to the 'Nuremberg Military Tribunal'. The prosecutors, retained by the defendants and paid by the tribunal, ask that they be protected from 'threats to their honor and safety'. In part: '...The Tribunal has frequently taken the opportunity of affording individual Defence Counsels protection against unjustified attacks in the press...Abuse of this type...has recently grown more frequent, particularly in private mail to the Defense Counsels. The Defense Counsels will have to do without the protection of this Tribunal when the proceedings have closed. For this reason, the undersigned request that the Defense Counsels be given a statement at the close of the proceedings, to afford them legal protection, so that they are...not exposed, without protection, to unauthorised attacks with consequent attacks to their honor and safety, by reason of their faithful performance...' Signed at the bottom by approx. 31 defense attorneys and assistants, including those defending or representing the SS, Gestapo, Bormann, Schacht, Jodl, Robbentrop, Fritzsche, Exner, Donitz, von Papen, von Neurath, Streicher, Kaltenbrunner, Keitel, Frank (Servatius), Goring, Raeder, Rosenberg, Seyss-Inquart, and others. A contemporary key to the signatures and background information on each is sold with the lot. First page and bottom 15 signatures are mounted back-to-back, else very good. This document originates from the files of Hans Werner, Director of Printing for the International Military Tribunal in Nuremberg. It was his task to publish the 42-volume record of the trial using this document and scores of others. Following completion of his task, Werner was permitted to retain possession of the documents, which were never tagged as evidence. They were then sold by autograph expert Charles Hamilton in his auctions, in 1979.

Lot: 253 - NUREMBERG HANGMAN - JOSEPH MALTA

NUREMBERG HANGMAN - JOSEPH MALTA (1918 - 1999) U.S Army military policemen who volunteered along with Master Sergant John C. Woods to carry out the executions of the ten leaders of the Third Reich sentenced to death on October 16, 1946. Very rare signed December 10, 1945, issue of Time magazine featuring a cover titled 'Hitler's Heirs' with caricatures of several high-level Nazis. Malta signs the bottom of the cover in blue ink. Lightly worn, else fine condition. Working with Master Sergeant John C. Woods, Malta carried out the Nuremberg executions of ten former top leaders of the Third Reich on October 16, 1946, after they were sentenced to death during the Nuremberg Trials. Malta was a 28-year-old military policeman when he volunteered for the job. He ultimately hanged a total of 60 Nazi government and military leaders. A floor sander in civilian life, Malta left the Army in 1947 and returned to his former job. ‘It was a pleasure doing it,' noted Malta in 1996, echoing the sentiments of his colleague Woods.

Lot: 254 - NUREMBERG JUDGES

NUREMBERG JUDGES Lot of three items signed by judges at the Nuremberg trials, includes: NORMAN BIRKETT (1883-1962) cut signature with date of March 1940, GEOFFREY LAWRENCE (1880-1971) cut signature 'Oaksey' dated February 24, 1947, and FRANCIS BIDDLE (1886-1968) cut signature. All mounted to sheets bearing unsigned photographs. Fine condition.

Lot: 255 - NUREMBERG PROSECUTORS

NUREMBERG PROSECUTORS Lot of material signed by seven Allied prosecutors or judges at the Nuremberg trials, includes: TELFORD TAYLOR (1908-1998) S.P., 8 x 10 in. b/w, an image of Taylor behind a lectern at the trial, NORMAN BIRKETT (1883 - 1962) A.L.S., CURTIS SHAKE (1887 - 1978) signed check, BENJAMIN B. FERENCZ (b. 1920) S.P., HARTLY SHAWNCROSS (1902 - 2003) T.L.S., ROBERT KEMPNER (1899 - 1993) signed card and unsigned photo, DAVID MAXWELL FYFE (1900 - 1967) T.L.S., and one other unidentified signature. Accompanied by a 12 x 5.5 in. b/w photograph featuring members of six of the military tribunals. Conditions vary but mostly fine. Nine items.

Lot: 256 - NUREMBERG PROSECUTORS AND JUDGES

NUREMBERG PROSECUTORS AND JUDGES Lot of material signed by six Allied prosecutors or judges at the Nuremberg trials, includes: TELFORD TAYLOR (1908 - 1998) S.P., ROBERT H. JACKSON (1892 - 1954) signed card, GEOFFREY LAWRENCE (1880 - 1971) signed card, DAVID M. FYFE (1900 - 1967) T.L.S., NORMAN BIRKETT (1883 - 1962) T.L.S., HENRY SHAWCROSS (1902 - 2003) T.L.S. Accompanied by two unsigned photos of prosecutors. Conditions vary but mostly fine. Six signed items.

Lot: 257 - (NUREMBERG TRIALS) FRANZ KOLLMANN

(NUREMBERG TRIALS) FRANZ KOLLMANN (1906-?) German academic who taught at the University of Munich through the World War II era, published author of biology and botany studies. A.L.S., 1p. 8vo., 'Palace of Justice', May 2, 1946, to 'Commanding Officer I.S.D.' In part: '...I was transferred to Nuremberg from the Civ. Int. Camp No. 6...During the searching after my arrival a pocket watch, pocket mirror, a fountain pen, a pipe cleaner and some money...were taken away. Yesterday I received a statement of inventory which certified correctly the personal property but the remarked funds...were wrong...I should be very grateful sir if you would clear this matter...' Lightly toned, else fine condition. Civilian internment camps, like the one Kollmann was kept at, were set up by the Allies at the end of the war to hold German men and women suspected of criminal activity or affiliation with the Nazi regime.

Lot: 258 - (NUREMBERG TRIALS) LEROY H. WATSON

(NUREMBERG TRIALS) LEROY H. WATSON (1893-1975) General in the U.S. Army, served in the Pancho Villa expedition, member of the infamous West Point Class of 1915 known as 'The Class the Stars Fell On.' Typed D.S. with rank of brigadier general, 1p. 4to., Nuremberg, December 12, 1945, a response to complaints from defense counsels regarding conditions in their quarters. In part: '...Conditions as noted on complaint sheet have been corrected with exception as listed: a. The defense counsel use the backdoor since it is the most direct route to their mess where they are served individually...Conditions in the counsel's mess concerning table cloths, dishes and glasses have been corrected. One additional waitress will be employed to give proper service... This headquarters prefers not to reply directly to the complaints of a German counsel but rather to the United States office which employs him...' File holes to the top margin. Mounted. The verso of the mount features an A.L.S. from an unknown individual dated October 1946, possibly to the defense attorneys. It reads in part: '...Under no circumstances you may kill your own people, You all must work and pray. Please think about your country and your people. Always try and negotiate peace...'

Lot: 259 - OLGA TSCHECHOWA

OLGA TSCHECHOWA (1897 - 1980) Russian born actress who became a leading actress in the Third Reich. She is also rumored to have been a communist spy in a Russian conspiracy. It is believed she was pressured by Stalin and Beria to flirt with Adolf Hitler in order to gain information so that Hitler could be killed by secret Soviet agents. At one point, a Russian boxer introduced by the actress was about to kill Hitler when called off by Stalin. War date I.S.P., 4 x 5.75 in., b/w, chest up seated pose, signed at the bottom with an untranslated inscription and dated 1944. Slightly toned, else fine.

Lot: 260 - OLGA TSCHECHOWA

(1897 - 1980) Russian born actress who became a leading actress in the Third Reich. She is also rumored to have been a communist spy in a Russian conspiracy. It is believed she was pressured by Stalin and Beria to flirt with Adolf Hitler in order to gain information so that Hitler could be killed by secret Soviet agents. At one point, a Russian boxer introduced by the actress was about to kill Hitler when called off by Stalin. S.P., 3.5 x 5.5 in. b/w, a chest-up glamour shot on a postcard, signed beneath the image in blue ink. Very fine condition.

Lot: 261 - OMAR BRADLEY

(1893 - 1981) American general of World War II who commanded the largest ground force ever led by one man. He was later Chairman of the Joint Chiefs. S.P., 7.75 x 10 in. b/w, a chest-up portrait in uniform, signed boldly at the bottom white margin. Some light creases to the corners, else fine.

Lot: 262 - OMAR BRADLEY

OMAR BRADLEY (1893 - 1981) American general of World War II who commanded the largest ground force ever led by one man. He was later Chairman of the Joint Chiefs. S.P., 5.5 x 8 in., b/w, chest up seated pose of Bradley in uniform with a caption below explaining he is giving testimony regarding the firing of General Douglas MacArthur, signed across his image. Fine condition.

Lot: 263 - OMAR BRADLEY

OMAR BRADLEY (1893 - 1981) American general of World War II who commanded the largest ground force ever led by one man. He was later Chairman of the Joint Chiefs. Signed hardcover book, 'A Soldier's Story' (New York: Rand McNally and Co.), 1980, 618pp. 4to., an account of World War II through Bradley's eyes. Signed on the title page. With the original dust jacket. Very fine.

Lot: 264 - OMAR N. BRADLEY

OMAR N. BRADLEY (1893-1981) American general of World War II who commanded the largest ground force ever led by one man. He was later Chairman of the Joint Chiefs. His signed military memoir 'A Soldier's Story' (New York: Rand McNally Corp.), 1978. 618pp. 8vo. in khaki cloth with gold titles, the dust jacket bearing a few tears. Signed on the title page in person in Pittsburgh at a book signing, late in his life.

Lot: 265 - OPERATION PAPERCLIP SCIENTISTS (19)

OPERATION PAPERCLIP SCIENTISTS (19) A good lot of FDC's honoring various people and events, each 4 x 6 in., signed by nineteen Germans who were at one point associated with Operation Paperclip, the secret U.S. intelligence program that brought over 1,600 former Nazi rocket scientists or and engineers to the United States after World War II. Signatures include WERNER ENGELBACH, JOACHIM MUEHLNER, OSCAR HOLDERER, RUDOLF HOELKER, DIETER GRAU, HELMUT ZOIKE, HANS FICHTNER, FREIDRICH DUERR, DIETER TEUBER, HELMUT KRAUSE, GUSTAV KROLL, WILLIAM SCHULTZE, KARL SENDLER, WERNER ROSINSKI, RUDOLPH BERCHEL, ERICH ENGLER, HANS FICHTNER, WERNER PAHM, and HEINZ STRUCK. All in fine condition. Nineteen items

Lot: 266 - OTTO ERNST REMER

OTTO ERNST REMER (1912 - 1997) Unrepentant Nazi who as a 31-year-old major helped Hitler retain control of Germany in the crucial hours following the failed assassination attempt of July 20, 1944. Remer, in charge of a battalion stationed in Berlin, initially followed a general's order to seal off the major government ministries. Goebbels interceded, however, and put Remer on the phone with Hitler, who promoted him on the spot to colonel and ordered him to crush the rebellion. Remer was instrumental in the arrest of the conspirators, including Claus von Stauffenberg. Fine S.P., 3.5 x 5.25 in., b/w, a chest up pose in uniform, signed on the front in black and again on the verso in blue. Very fine condition.

Lot: 267 - OTTO GUNSCHE

OTTO GUNSCHE (1917 - 2003) Officer in the Waffen-SS, and Hitler's personal adjutant who cremated the bodies of Hitler and Eva Braun following their suicides. S.P., 5 x 7 in., color, showing Gunsche and other SS members dressed in uniform at the Berghof, signed at the bottom. Fine condition.

Lot: 268 - OTTO REMER

OTTO REMER (1912 - 1997) Unrepentant Nazi who as a 31-year-old major helped Hitler retain control of Germany in the crucial hours following the failed assassination attempt of July 20, 1944. Remer in charge of a battalion stationed in Berlin initially followed a general's order to seal off the major government ministries. Goebbels interceded; however, and put Remer on the phone with Hitler, who promoted him on the spot to colonel and ordered him to crush the rebellion. Remer was instrumental in the arrest of the conspirators, including Claus von Stauffenberg. S.P., 4 x 6 in., b/w, a seated pose in uniform boldly displaying his Knight's Cross, signed at the bottom. The verso features a short biography of Remer in German. Fine.

Lot: 269 - OTTO SCHNIEWIND

OTTO SCHNIEWIND (1887 - 1964) Kriegsmarine General Admiral and Knight's Cross recipient, captain of the light cruiser KOLN and commander of the naval invasion of Norway. S.P., showing a seated Schniewind in uniform, prominently wearing his Knight's Cross, tipped to a larger piece of cardstock to a total size of 8 x 11.5 in. Schniewind signs in black ink on the mount beneath the image, adding rank and a dedication to an unidentified individual in German, reading in part: 'In memory of the war days 1941/42...' Some creasing at bottom, else very good. Sold with an unused Willrich photo postcard, showing a chest-up view of the admiral in uniform.

Lot: 270 - OTTO SKORZENY

OTTO SKORZENY (1908 - 1975) Nazi officer and Hitler's chief and favorite commando, he made a daring mountain-top rescue of Mussolini, placed English-speaking soldiers in American uniforms to mislead American forces in the Bulge, and after the war headed the organization that helped hundreds of ex-SS officers flee Germany. T.L.S. on his personal letterhead, 1p. 4to., Madrid, Oct. 29, 1969 in Spanish to a man in Brussels. In part: '...I would like to thank you for your nice letter...I, for my part, would very much like for you to succeed in your studies and to fulfill your plans to visit Germany and my second homeland, Spain...' Fine.

Lot: 271 - OTTO WEIDINGER

OTTO WEIDINGER (1914 - 1990) Waffen-SS Obersturmbannfuhrer and commander of the regiment 'Der Fuhrer' and 2nd SS Division 'Das Reich', implicated in the Oradour massacre in France in June 1944. Glossy S.P., 3 x 4.5 in., b/w, a chest up pose in uniform, signed across his chest in black ink. Fine condition.

Lot: 272 - (ENOLA GAY) PAUL TIBBETS AND DUTCH VAN KIRK SIGNED FLAG

(ENOLA GAY) PAUL TIBBETS AND DUTCH VAN KIRK SIGNED FLAG A small silk Japanese national flag, 13 x 10 in., bearing the signatures of the pilot and navigator of the Enola Gay, the famous American B-29 bomber to drop the first atomic bomb on Hiroshima on Aug. 6, 1945. Signed by pilot PAUL TIBBETS (1915-2008) who adds 'Hiroshima Gang 1945' and DUTCH VAN KIRK (1921-2014) who adds 'Navigator Enola Gay Aug. 1945.' Toned with a few scattered stains and small holes.

Lot: 273 - PAUL TIBBETS

PAUL TIBBETS (1915 - 2008) American bomber pilot of the Enola Gay which delivered the first atomic bomb on Hiroshima, August 6, 1945. S.P. "Paul Tibbets Pilot', 8 x 10 in. b/w, shows Tibbets standing before the Enola Gay in 1945, signed postwar. Fine.

Lot: 274 - PAUL TIBBETS AND DUTCH VAN KIRK

PAUL TIBBETS AND DUTCH VAN KIRK A great S.P., 8 x 10 in., color, featuring an image of Paul Tibbets standing in front of the Enola Gay, signed at the top right by the pilot and navigator of the craft, PAUL TIBBETS (1915 - 2008) and THEODORE 'DUTCH' VAN KIRK (1921 - 2014) respectively. Each add their role and the date '6 Aug. 1945.' Very fine.

Lot: 275 - PAUL W. TIBBETS

(1915 - 2008) American bomber pilot of the Enola Gay, which dropped the first atomic bomb on Hiroshima, August 6, 1945. Fine signed glossy poster, 18 x 24 in., published by the Buckeye Publishing Co, titled 'Atomic Warfare is Born', features a printed illustration of the Enola Gay in flight with a description of the day of the bombing. Tibbets signs boldly at the lower-margin, adding rank. Lightly creased at lower-left corner, else very fine.

Lot: 276 - PAUL W. TIBBETS

PAUL W. TIBBETS (1915 - 2008) American bomber pilot of the Enola Gay, which dropped the first atomic bomb on Hiroshima, August 6, 1945. S.P., 8 x 10 in., b/w, scene of Tibbets seated in a cockpit, signed in blue ink. Fine condition.

Lot: 277 - PAUL W. TIBBETS

PAUL W. TIBBETS (1915 - 2008) American bomber pilot of the Enola Gay, which dropped the first atomic bomb on Hiroshima, August 6, 1945. S.P., 8 x 10 in., b/w, chest up photo in uniform, signed on the front in blue ink. Fine condition.

Lot: 278 - PAUL W. TIBBETS

(1915 - 2008) American bomber pilot of the Enola Gay, which dropped the first atomic bomb on Hiroshima, August 6, 1945. Printed D.S., 1p. 4to., [n.p., n.d.], a signed transcript of an interview Tibbets gave to USA Today. Notable excerpts from his responses in part: '...Our flight all the way up the coastline of Japan went exactly like we had planned. I had sent airplanes in advance...they could tell me what the weather was over each of the three targets, because I could go to any one of those three cities. It had to be a target that was seen visually. Radar was primitive in those days, so my orders were from Day One to drop the weapon visually...All this happened exactly the way it was supposed to happen...' with more excellent content. Signed at the conclusion in blue ink. Fine condition.

Lot: 279 - PIETRO BADOGLIO

PIETRO BADOGLIO (1871 - 1956) Italian field marshal who conspired with King Victor Emmanuel to depose Mussolini, succeeded Mussolini as Premier and surrendered Italian forces to the Allies. A.L.S. on his personal Marshal's correspondence card, 1p. 12mo., Rome, ca. 1927 to a captain. Not translated, but apparently complimentary content. Fine.

Lot: 280 - RAYMOND G. DAVIS

RAYMOND G. DAVIS (1915-2003) U.S. Marine Corps four-star general who served in World War II, Korea, and Vietnam. Recipient of the Navy Cross and the Medal of Honor. Close associate of Lewis 'Chesty' Puller, having served with him on Guadalcanal and in Korea. T.L.S. 'R. G. Davis', 1p. 8vo., [n.p.], August 17, 1971, to friend thanking him for sending a gift. Fine condition.

Lot: 281 - REINER LIESSEM AND LUDWIG WOLFF

REINER LIESSEM AND LUDWIG WOLFF REINER LIESSEM (1890-1973) German Lieutenant General of Police and SS group leader, served as the commander of the Ordnungspolizei in the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia at the start of World War II. Later promoted to Lieutenant General of Police by Himmler in 1944. / LUDWIG WOLFF (1886 - 1950) German General der Flieger, Commanding General of Luftgau XI from April 1939 until war's end. Excellent official list of proposed recipients of the War Merit Cross, Second Class with Swords, 22pp. large 4to., bearing the names of 41 individuals and descriptions of the heroic actions they undertook. Both men sign on the front cover. Two file holes, staple hole at upper-left, else very good.

Lot: 282 - RICHARD SCHULZE-KOSSENS

RICHARD SCHULZE-KOSSENS (1914 - 1988) SS commander, Waffen-SS adjutant to the foreign minister Joachim von Ribbentrop and later commanded the SS Division Nibelungen. T.L.S. on personal letterhead, 1p. 8vo., [n.p., n.d], to an individual thanking him for a recent letter. Fine condition. Accompanied by a photograph of Kossens and others.

Lot: 283 - RICHARD WALTHER DARRE

(1895 - 1953) Nazi Minister of Food and head of the Central Office of Race and Resettlement of the SS. Fine association T.L.S. 'R. Walther' on his personal letterhead, 1p. 4to., Berlin, Dec. 22, 1933 to HEINRICH HIMMLER, whom Darre addresses as 'Lieber Heinrich!' In part: '...Even though my time is now more full of work before the holidays, I would like to send you and your very honored wife these lines, my warmest Christmas greetings on behalf of my wife, while at the same time we wish you the best for the coming year...' At the top of the letter, Himmler has initiled receipt of the letter: 'H H' in pencil. File and staple holes, a few tiny marginal chips, else very good.

Lot: 284 - ROBERT LEY

ROBERT LEY (1890 - 1945) Nazi leader and ardent anti-Semite who as head of the Labor Front ruthlessly enforced slave labor policies. He committed suicide in his jail cell at Nuremberg while awaiting trial. Fine association A.L.S. on the verso of a P.O.W. postcard, Nuremberg, Sep. 23, 1945, to his mistress, Madeleine Wanderer, with whom he had taken up following the death of his wife. In part: 'Dearest Madelaine. I have had great sorrow and anxiety about you. I don't know why. It was suddenly as if I heard your voice, but it was imagination. If I could only get some news of you. It's miserable. If you are unhappy, you could perhaps try applying to Prof. Morell [Hitler's private physician]. Perhaps he can help Eric [Wanderer's adult son]. Many good wishes to all. Your Dr. Robert Ley' Very good. A month later, after receiving his indictment, Ley would strangle himself in his cell.

Lot: 285 - ROBERT RITTER VON GREIM

ROBERT RITTER VON GREIM (1892 - 1945) German Field Marshal and last head of the Luftwaffe, a Knights Cross winner involved in the invasion of Poland, the Battle for Norway, the Battle of Britain and Operation Barbarossa. His final words before taking cyanide were: 'I am the head of the Luftwaffe, but I have no Luftwaffe.' War date D.S., 1p. 8vo., [n.p.], July 21, 1941, an official award document presenting Horst Wicke with a 2nd class War Merit Cross with Swords, signed as general of the 5th Flying Corps. Sold with an S.P., 5 x 7 in., b/w, chest up pose in uniform, mounted, signature very hurried. Two signed items.

Lot: 286 - ROBERT RITTER VON GREIM

ROBERT RITTER VON GREIM (1892 - 1945) German Field Marshal and last head of the Luftwaffe, a Knights Cross winner involved in the invasion of Poland, the Battle for Norway, the Battle of Britain and Operation Barbarossa. His final words before taking cyanide were: 'I am the head of the Luftwaffe, but I have no Luftwaffe.' War date S.P., 2.5 x 3.75 in., sepia, chest up side profile portrait in uniform, signed at the bottom. Fine condition.

Lot: 287 - ROBERT SERVATIUS

ROBERT SERVATIUS (1894 - 1983) German lawyer, known for his defense of Nazi war criminals at Nuremberg including Fritz Sauckel, Karl Brandt, and Paul Pleiger. He also defended Adolf Eichmann at his trial in Israel in 1961. Great content T.L.S while at Nuremberg, 2pp. 4to. December 7, 1945, to the General Secretary of the International Military Tribunal regarding the treatment of members of the defense council. In part: '...I regret being obliged to submit to the Tribunal the following...On December 7th leaving the mess where the defense counsels are served I was stopped by a guard who ordered me in a rough tone to return and shut the door leading to the court I just came through...I was not aware to have left open the door...He threatened me and forced me to turn back...I observed a few soldiers and a German girl standing near the open door. I shouted to the girl to shut the door and was then allowed to move. This was an act which I leave to the Tribunal to appreciate. But I use the occasion to direct the attention to the court to the fact that the same soldier with the consent of his superior threatened to bash his rifle on my head three weeks ago as I refused his order to wash up the dishes used by myself. It is also a fact that all counsels are forbidden to use the main floor of the mess building...I am sorry to declare that I see in this particulars only the result of the general way in which the counsels of the defense are given board, a way which is in my opinion not only inconsistent with the standing of a lawyer but as well as against the reputation of the Tribunal. There have been many complaints brought but little relief...' More good content. Both pages mounted to larger sheets, one of which features a T.L.S. by William L. Mitchell, the General Secretary of the International Military Tribunal, transmitting the letter to his superiors. Slightly toned overall good condition.

Lot: 288 - RODION MALINOVSKY

RODION MALINOVSKY (1898 - 1967) Soviet marshal, led the powerful Soviet Second Guards and sealed the fate of 250,000 German and other Axis soldiers trapped in the Stalingrad pocket, defeated 400,000 Axis troops in Hungary. Headed the Soviet Department of Defense under Brezhnev. Partly printed D.S. in Cyrillic, 4pp. 4to., [n.p.], largely untranslated but a military attestation of Zakharia Zuborenko. Malinovsky signature is the first one on the fourth page. Cosigned by fellow Soviet Marshal NIKOLI KRYLOV (1903-1972). Light toning, else fine condition.

Lot: 289 - RODOLFO GRAZIANI

RODOLFO GRAZIANI (1882 - 1955) Italian army officer, commander in chief of the General staff, and led military expeditions in Africa before and during World War II. Graziani indiscriminately killed over 30,000 Ethiopians, including monks, and at war's end remained loyal to Mussolini. Superb I.S.P., 8.75 x 12.75 overall, a fine candid view of the general in the field, possibly in Ethiopia, with marked-up battle maps before him, boldly signed at bottom. He has also apparently inscribed the day mat and dated it 'XV', indicating the date of signing was 1937. Fine condition.

Lot: 290 - RODOLFO GRAZIANI

RODOLFO GRAZIANI (1882 - 1955) Italian army officer who led military expeditions in Libya and Ethiopia prior to the Second World War. Led the Italian invasion of Egypt in 1941. Following the 1943 coup, Mussolini appointed him Defense Minister. A.D.S. 'Bambi Graziani', 11pp. tall 4to., [n.p., ca. 1950], signed on the final page. The text is titled "I Decreti" ('The Decrees') and contains notes from Graziani, possibly for the writing of an autobiography. The notes begin by indicating: '..it would be interesting to me to see the [interpretation?] of various Decrees emanating from the reconstitution and discipline of the Armed Forces and note the differences..' The balance of the document refers to several important decrees from Mussolini regarding: '...the National Republican State', including the decree of April 18, 1944 in which Mussolini created the Servizi Ausiliari Femminili (SAF), a women's auxiliary service in the Republican Army. Other decrees mentioned include: Feb. 18, 1944, which imposed the death penalty on those who refused to serve or deserted from the army; the Decree of March 15, 1944, the day the second Allied attempt to capture Monte Cassino began; the Decree of June 14, 1944, the day of the Invasion of Normandy; June 16, 1944, and so on. The final, incomplete, page appears to contains autobiographical information. Boldly penned in his embellished hand in bright green fountain ink, fine condition. Worthy of further research.

Lot: 291 - 'ROLF THOMSEN' PRINT

'ROLF THOMSEN' PRINT A fine limited-edition lithograph, 16.5 x 11.75 in. featuring an image of U-boat commander ROLF THOMSEN (1915-2003) receiving the award of the Knight's Cross with Oak Leaves for his command of U-1202 from fellow commander Hans Rudolf Rossing. Below the image is a caption explaining the context, as well as the signatures of Thomsen and 16 other members of his crew. An accompanying certificate states that this print is number 27 out of only 100 made. Very fine condition.

Lot: 292 - RUDOLF BOGATSCH

RUDOLF BOGATSCH (1891 - 1970) German Luftwaffe general and Knights Cross recipient. Partly-printed war-date D.S., 1p. 8vo., [n.p.], Aug. 10, 1943, an award of the Iron Cross, 2nd Class to Gef. Josef Merk, 14./Grenadier-Regiment 146. Marginal file holes, folds else very good.

Lot: 293 - RUDOLF HESS

RUDOLF HESS (1894 - 1987) Nazi German Deputy Fuehrer and second in command after Goering, Hess was one of Hitler's closest confidantes and friends. In an unauthorized peace mission, Hess flew a German fighter to England and surrendered, purportedly attempting to ally Germany with Great Britain against Russia. His mission, of course, failed and Hess was imprisoned at Spandau where he was found hanged in 1987. Fine S.P., 3.25 x 5.25 in. b/w, a bust portrait ca. 1935, boldly signed in the white bottom margin. A typed note on verso dates the receipt of the photo 'Christmas, 1936'. Fine.

Lot: 294 - RUDOLF JORDAN

(1902 - 1988) Gauleiter in Halle-Merseburg and Magdeburg-Anhalt who accused Reinhard Heydrich of having Jewish ancestry. f the Third Reich. After the war, he was sentenced to 25 years in a Soviet Union labor camp. T.L.S. on his personal letterhead, 1p. 4to., Munich, Nov. 2, 1973, in German. Untranslated, apparently references his memoirs. Very good.

Lot: 295 - RUDOLPH BRANDT

RUDOLPH BRANDT (1904 - 1948) Personal Administrative Officer to Heinrich Himmler, at the Nuremberg Trials he was charged with criminal experimentation on Jewish prisoners and condemned to death. Interestingly, Brandt offered his own body for the same type of evil experimentation which he had undertaken, but for obvious reasons, he was hanged instead. Fine content war-date T.L.S. on 'Der Reichsfuhrer-SS' Personal Staff letterhead, 1p. 8vo., 'Field Headquarters', Aug. 26, 1944 to 'Fraulein L.Niedermeyer'. In part: '...The Reichsfuhrer-SS has your letter of 6.8. To this day he has not prepared a personal answer. In order not to keep you waiting any longer, he has given me the task of conveying his warm regards and thanks for your good wishes. Hopefully it will work out pretty soon with the return of your radio...'. Fine.

Lot: 296 - RUSSIAN MILITARY LEADERS SIGN A WAR-DATED DOCUMENT

RUSSIAN MILITARY LEADERS SIGN A WAR-DATED DOCUMENT Fine collection of signatures of four important Russian military figures on a single war-date document, 2pp. 4to., Feb. 19, 1945. The document, signed by a lower-ranking official, is a military attestation as to the merits of the commander of the 81st Infantry Div., Col. Josef Matusevich. On the verso, the document is docketed and signed by: KIRILL MOSKALENKO (1902-1985), Marshal of the Soviet Union, fought in both the Russian Civil War and World War II at Moscow, Stalingrad and Kursk; LEV MEHKLIS (1889-1953), Soviet politician and General of the Army. In 1942 he was the representative of the Stavka (headquarters) of supreme commander-in-chief at the Crimean Front, always at odds with professional military men with disastrous results; ALEXEI YEPISHEV (1908-1985) Soviet politician and Chief of the Main Political Directorate of the Soviet Army and Navy from 1962-85; and IVAN PETROV (1896-1958), Soviet general, participated in the Battle of Odessa, Battle of Sevastopol and noted for heading the Separate Coastal Army, 2nd Belorussian Front, 4th Ukrainian Front, and several other units. Petrov further adds in his hand that the candidate 'cooperates' should be promoted to General-Major. Very good.

Lot: 297 - SERGEY RUDENKO

SERGEY RUDENKO (1904 - 1990) Soviet Marshal of Aviation who helped lead the air defenses of Stalingrad, as well as served as commander of Stalin's paratroopers. Partly printed war date D.S. in Cyrillic, 2pp. 4to., [n.p.], July 20, 1945, a military attestation of Air Force Col. Michael Vinogradov. Signed by Rudenko as general colonel of aviation. Co-signed by lieutenant general of aviation ANATOLI PUSHKIN. Creased with light edge wear, and slight toning.

Lot: 298 - SHANG ZHEN

SHANG ZHEN (1887 – 1978) Chinese general of National Revolutionary Army during the Warlord Era, Second Sino-Japanese War and World War II. He was a field general who won his share of wars and successful retreats. He then represented China's military in Washington during World War II and was with Chiang at the Cairo Conference. Fine war-date A.Q.S. on the 4to. letterhead of the Chinese Military Mission to the United States: 'Hands across the Pacific Gen. Shang Chen'. Fine.

Lot: 299 - SIEGFRIED ENGEL

(1892 - 1976) German Konteradmiral, Deputy Commanding Admiral of the North Sea from 1943 until his capture in 1945. Scarce A.L.S. in English, 1p. oblong 12mo., Bridgend, December 12, 1948, thanking Major Fred Bieri of the International Red Cross for sending him a hat while in Allied captivity, shortly before his transfer to a different prison camp for repatriation. Engel writes that the hat will help him '...look forward to my return with a little bit more confidence, and I'm afraid I'll need a lot of that... ' Signed at the conclusion. Two file holes, else fine

Lot: 300 - WERNER VON BLOMBERG

(1887 - 1946) Minister of Defense and Supreme Commander of the German Armies early in Hitler's regime, resigned following accusations that he had married a prostitute. Rare A.L.S. on his 'Der Chef des Truppenamts' letterhead, 2pp. 8vo., Berlin, July 1, 1927, in German, sent to an unknown General regarding a memorandum.

Lot: 301 - WILHELM LIST

(1880 - 1971) German field marshal and ardent Hitler supporter, led the 14th Army in Poland, the 12th Army in the Balkans, and as field marshal commanded Army Group A on the Russian front. Scarce engraved card, 4.5 x 2.5 in., a Christmas greeting boldly signed at bottom in blue ink. Fine.

Lot: 302 - WILHELM LIST

(1880 - 1971) German field marshal and ardent Hitler supporter, led the 14th Army in Poland, the 12th Army in the Balkans, and as field marshal commanded Army Group A on the Russian front. T.L.S., 1p. 4to., Garmisch, Oct. 22, 1957, in German. In part: '...I only remember General von Arnim...a General Sixt von Arnim is said to have died. But I cannot say for certain for either....' Fine. With two photos.

Lot: 303 - WILHELM RITTER VON LEEB, WILHELM LIST, AND MAXIMILIAN VON WEICHS

Very rare manuscript L.S. signed by three German field marshals, 1p. 4to., Ortsunterkunft, Sept. 22, 1945, thanking a German cigarette company for sending them and their comrades cigarettes while in Allied captivity. Signatures include: WILHELM RITTER VON LEEB (1876 - 1956), WILHELM LIST (1880 - 1971), and MAXIMILIAN VON WEICHS (1881 - 1954). Each adds rank beneath their signatures. Strong folds, else fine.

Lot: 304 - WILHELM REDIESS

WILHELM REDIESS (1900 - 1945) SS-Gruppenfuhrer and SS and Police Leader in Norway, commanding general of all SS troops stationed there. Oversaw the deportation of Jews and the eradication of mentally-ill Jews in East Prussia, offering SS units a ten Reichsmark bounty for each Jew killed. Committed suicide at war's end. Rare blue ink signature as division commander of SS-Oberabschnitt Sudost, cut from a document. Rediess adds an untranslated annotation at the top edge, lightly overlapped by an SS ink stamp. Very good condition. Loosely pasted to a 160gm 8.5 x 11 in. card bearing a printed portrait of Rediess in uniform.

Lot: 305 - WILHELM FRICK

(1877 - 1946) Nazi Minister of the Interior, author of the Nuremberg Laws. Hanged at Nuremberg for his crimes. S.P. 'Frick', 7 x 7.75 in., b/w, a chest up, seated, paper stock portrait in civilian clothes, signed on the face in blue ink. Affixed to a larger sheet. Fine condition.

Lot: 306 - WALTER HOERNLEIN

(1893 - 1961) German general nicknamed 'Papa' by his soldiers during World War II, commanded the 'Grossdeutschland' Regiment, later heading the LXXXII Army Corps. S.P., 4 x 6 in., a Graf postcard likely signed during the war. Fine.

Lot: 307 - WERNER SCHULZE

(1895 - 1966) German general in the Wehrmacht who commanded the 14, 131, and 329 Infantry Divisions, a recipient of the Knight's Cross with Oak Leaves. War-date partly-printed D.S., 1p. 8vo., [n.p.], Feb. 7, 1945, an award document of the Iron Cross, 2nd Class. Folds, worn and a bit soiled.

Lot: 308 - WILHELM MARSCHALL

WILHELM MARSCHALL (1886 - 1976) German admiral during World War II, commander of German naval forces off of the Spanish coast during the Spanish Civil War and later of German naval forces in occupied France. He also commanded the U-boat UB-105 during World War I, for which he received the Pour le Merite - Prussia's highest military order for German officers. S.P. twice, 4.25 x 6 in., b/w, seated pose at a desk talking on a phone, signed in the bottom right adding his various ranks and dates of appointment. On the verso is an untranslated A.N.S. in German, dated, March 4, 1970. Fine condition.

Lot: 309 - WILHELM LIST

WILHELM LIST (1880 - 1971) German field marshal and ardent Hitler supporter, led the 14th Army in Poland, the 12th Army in the Balkans, and as field marshal commanded Army Group A on the Russian front. S.P., 3.25 x 5.5. in., b/w, an official Hoffman postcard depicting chest up pose in uniform boldly displaying his Knight's Cross. Adhesive residue on the verso, else fine.

Lot: 310 - WALTER BUCH

WALTER BUCH (1883 - 1949) Chief Judge of the Nazi party and father-in-law of Martin Bormann. Early party member, participated in the Beer Hall Putsch as well as an original member of 'Strosstrupp Hitler', Hitler's first group of bodyguards. Major participant in the 1934 S.A. 'Blood Purge' in which he murdered many former comrades personally. Committed suicide after the war's conclusion. Scarce black ink signature on a 3.25 in. x 1 in. slip, mounted to a sheet with an image of Buch's postwar mugshot.

Lot: 311 - WERNER FORST

WERNER FORST (1892 - 1971) German lieutenant general of infantry who held several divisional commands, served in the Battle of France and Operation Barbarossa, a Knight's Cross with Oak Leaves recipient. War date D.S., 1p. 8vo., [n.p.], December 23, 1943, an official award document bestowing a Iron Cross, 2nd Class to Willi Meyer, signed at the conclusion. File holes to the left margin, creased, else fine

Lot: 312 - TRAUGOTT HEER

(1890 - 1976) German general during World War II who commanded the 14th Army and the 10th Army of the Wehrmacht, a recipient of the Knight's Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords. Great content A.L.S. in German, 3pp. 8vo., Bridgend, April 22, 1948, a grateful letter to Major Fred Biere of the International Red Cross, written just one month before his release from Allied captivity. In large part: '...A few days ago we received the news that now also the General's camp Bridgend will be disintegrated and that we are waiting to be released on May 15 from Harwich. This return after nine years of absence and under different circumstances requires a lot of mental strength for many of us. But the happiness over final freedom from the barbed wire will sustain us at least in the beginning. Unfortunately, we won't be able to help our families...since the trade of Ex-Generals is no longer in demand, and since several of us - including myself - because of our head injuries are physically no longer in top shape....As one of the oldest serving local officers at the end of our long imprisonment I would like to express my deep felt thanks to you, Mr. Bieri, and to the International Red Cross for the love and welfare we received and which was the only shimmer of light in this confusing time.' Two file holes, light creases, else fine. Sold with a translation.

Lot: 313 - WALTHER LEUZE

(1891 - 1964) Wehrmacht General, adjutant to General Fedor von Bock during the invasion of Poland, later led forces in the coastal defense of occupied France. T.L.S. in German, 1p. 4to., Ammerland, Jan. 3, 1957, reciprocating the New Year's best wishes sent to him from Major Fred Bieri of the International Red Cross, who communicated with Leuze often during his Allied captivity. In part: '...Today, like for many years past, you have made me happy with your friendly New Year's greetings... I still remember, like all of us, with deepest gratitude your friendship, and your representation of our P.O.W. problems... I am following your rewarding activities with interest. Hopefully you now have peaceful times days after the stormy times in Korea...please accept my best...'. Signed in pencil at the conclusion. Fine condition. Sold with a translation.

Lot: 314 - WILHELM TACKENBERG

WILHELM TACKENBERG (1893-1963) German engineering Konteradmiral, served as Department Chief in the Navy High Command, ended the war as Chief of Higher Shipyard Staff in Belgium and the Netherlands. D.S., 1p. 4to., Island Farm Camp, Bridgend, May 1, 1946, a list of sick inmates who are bedridden in the district, breaking those individuals down into Heer, Luftwaffe, Marine, and Waffen-SS. Ironically given his status as a POW, Tackenberg signs as 'lageroffizer' ('warehouse officer'). Two file holes, else fine.

Lot: 315 - TRAUDL JUNGE

(1920 - 2002) German secretary who worked as Adolf Hitler's last private secretary from December 1942 to April 1945. After typing out Hitler's will, she remained in the Berlin Fuhrerbunker until his death. Her blue ink signature on an FDC, commemorating the 35th Anniversary of Operation Neptune on D-Day, cancelled June 6, 1979. Also signed by Rear Admiral G.V.M. DOLPHIN, the Naval Officer in Charge of the Gold Beach Area. Very good.

Lot: 316 - WALTHER WENCK

WALTHER WENCK (1900 - 1982) German general who headed the 6th Army and near war's end commanded the non-existent 12th Army, created largely to placate Hitler. T.L.S., 1p. 4to., Nurnburg, April 26, 1966, forwarding a signed photograph (not present) to a collector. Signed in blue ink at the conclusion. Some light creases, else fine .

Lot: 317 - WAFFEN-SS OFFICERS (12)

WAFFEN-SS OFFICERS (12) Lot of twelve signatures from Waffen-SS officers cut from documents, includes: five cut signatures of ARTHUR BRECHLING (SS-Obersturmbannfuhrer, commander of 6th SS Mountain Division 'Nord'); two cut signatures of JOHANN BURKHART; one cut signature of WALTER BRAUNE; one cut signature of HEINRICH BARTH; one cut signature of EGON BIRKIGT (regimental cavalry commander from 'Florian Geyer' division); one cut signature of HERMANN-JOHANN BESUDEN (recipient of the German Cross in Silver, served in the SS-Division Leibstandarte-SS 'Adolf Hitler'); and one cut signature of JOSEF BERSCHNEIDER. All are tipped to larger sheets. Very good.

Lot: 318 - WALTER KOCH

WALTER KOCH (1910-1943) German commander of the Fallschirmjager, the paratrooper division of the Luftwaffe, who received the Iron Cross award for his actions during the Battle of Fort Eben-Email. Died under mysterious circumstances after openly criticizing Adolf Hitler's 'Commando Order.' Rare vintage signed postcard, 4 x 6 in., a printed drawing originally by artist Wolfgang Willrich, depicting Koch in a chest up pose in uniform with a bandaged head. Signed 'Koch' on the front in blue indelible pencil. Accompanied by another unsigned postcard featuring a printed illustration of Koch in uniform. Fine condition. The 'Commando Order' issued on October 18, 1942 called for the execution of all Allied commandos captured in Europe or North Africa. Koch, who was commanding forces in North Africa, refused to follow the order on account of it going against the laws of war. After suffering a wound to the head he was sent back to Germany in order to convalesce. During this time, he was involved in a car accident and died from injuries sustained, yet many in his regiment believed it was not an accident and but rather he was killed for his outspoken criticism.

Lot: 319 - WEHRMACHT GENERALS (4)

WEHRMACHT GENERALS (4) A fine group of photographs and documents signed by four generals of the German Wehrmacht during World War II, varying dates, sizes, and locations. Including: OTTO HITZFELD (1890-1990), A.L.S., HELMUTH BEUKEMANN (1894-1981), signed card and unsigned photo, ERICH HEINRICH CLOSSNER (1888-1976), two A.L.S.s, and OTTO BARWINSKI (1890-1969) A.L.S. on the back of a postcard. Conditions vary but mostly fine.

Lot: 320 - WEHRMACHT GENERALS (4)

WEHRMACHT GENERALS (4) A fine group of photographs and documents signed by four generals of the German Wehrmacht during World War II, varying dates, sizes, and locations. Including: HANS ROTTIGER (1896-1960) signed card, CARL RODENBURG (1894-1992), S.P., WERNER HAAG (1909-1985), war-date T.L.S., and GEORG RITTER VON HENGL (1897-1952), two cut signatures. Conditions vary but mostly fine.

Lot: 321 - WEHRMACHT GENERALS (4)

WEHRMACHT GENERALS (4) A fine group of photos and documents signed by four generals of the German Wehrmacht during World War II, varying dates, sizes, and locations. Including: ERNST BUFFA (1893-1971), war date D.S., FRANZ WESTHOVEN (1894-1983), S.P., FRIEDRICH STAHL (1889-1979), A.L.S., and ENNO VON RINTELEN (1891-1979), T.L.S. Conditions vary but mostly fine. Four items.

Lot: 322 - WEHRMACHT GENERALS (4)

WEHRMACHT GENERALS (4) A fine group of photos and documents signed by four generals of the German Wehrmacht during World War II, varying dates, sizes, and locations. Including: GERHARD MATZKY (1894-1983), A.L.S., KARL BURDACH (1891-1976), T.L.S., ERNST BIEHLER (1885-1966), S.P., and THEODOR BUSSE (1897-1986), S.P. Conditions vary but mostly fine. Four items.

Lot: 323 - WILHELM RITTER VON LEEB

(1876 - 1956) German field marshal who led an assault on France, commanded Army Group North in the Russian campaign, sacked for challenging Hitler's military competence. Likely war date S.P. with rank of field marshal, 5 x 7 in, b/w, chest up standing pose in uniform, signed at the bottom.

Lot: 324 - WILHELM RITTER VON LEEB

(1876 - 1956) German field marshal who led an assault on France, commanded Army Group North in the Russian campaign, sacked for challenging Hitler's military competence. S.P. with rank of field marshal, 3.25 x 5.5, b/w, chest up seated pose in uniform, signed at the bottom.

Lot: 325 - WILHELM RITTER VON LEEB

(1876 - 1956) German field marshal who led an assault on France, commanded Army Group North in the Russian campaign, sacked for challenging Hitler's military competence. S.P., 3.5 x 5.5 in., b/w, chest up standing pose in uniform, lightly signed at the bottom in pink ink. Fine condition.

Lot: 326 - TUSKEGEE AIRMEN - 99TH FIGHTER SQUADRON

TUSKEGEE AIRMEN - 99TH FIGHTER SQUADRON Excellent limited edition color print 'On Target' by artist A. Ric Druet, 24 x 19 in., no. 139/1500, depicts two American Mustang fighters of the 99th Fighter Squadron in flight, signed in pencil at bottom by the artist and eight 'Tuskegee Airmen', including HOWARD BAUGH, BILL CAMPBELL, CHUCK DRYDEN, BEN DAVIS, LOUIS PURNELL, and three other unidentified signatures. Fine condition.

Lot: 327 - TUSKEGEE AIRMEN - 301ST FIGHTER SQUADRON

TUSKEGEE AIRMEN - 301ST FIGHTER SQUADRON Excellent limited edition color print 'Red Tail Fury' by artist A. Ric Druet, 24 x 19 in., no. 139/1500, depicts five American Mustang fighters of the 301st Fighter Squadron attacking a German airbase signed in pencil at bottom by the artist and four 'Tuskegee Airmen', including CARL E. CAREY, SR. (DFC, Air Medal with 2 Oak Leaves), ALEXANDER JEFFERSON (Air Medal, POW Medal), HAROLD E. SAWYER, (DFC, Air Medal with 7 Oak Leaves), and HARRY T. STEWART, JR., (DFC, Air Medal with 7 Oak Leaves). Fine condition.

Lot: 328 - TUSKEGEE AIRMEN - 302ND FIGHTER SQUADRON

TUSKEGEE AIRMEN - 302ND FIGHTER SQUADRON Excellent limited edition color print 'Button Up Time' by artist A. Ric Druet, 24 x 19 in., no. 139/1500, depicting four American Mustang fighters of the 302nd Fighter Squadron preparing for take off at an airstrip, signed in pencil at the bottom by the artist and nine 'Tuskegee Airmen' including MELVIN JACKSON, CHARLES MCGEE, PAUL[?] ARCHER, WILLIAM MELTON, HARRY SHEPHERD, and three other unidentified signatures. Fine condition

Lot: 329 - WILHELM KEITEL

WILHELM KEITEL (1882 - 1946) German field marshal and army chief of staff under Adolph Hitler, convicted of war crimes and executed at Nuremberg. Rare S.P. 4.25 x 6 b/w, an excellent chest, up portrait in uniform signed in blue ink at bottom. Fine condition.

Lot: 330 - WILHELM FRICK

WILHELM FRICK (1877 - 1946) Nazi Minister of the Interior, author of the Nuremberg Laws. Hanged at Nuremberg for his crimes. Partly-printed D.S., 4pp. legal folio, Berlin, May 27, 1937, the promotion of Capt. Ernst Sauerlander to the rank of major in the Schutzpolizei. The document also includes additional information on Sauerlander's service. File holes, else fine.

Lot: 331 - WILHELM STUCKART

WILHELM STUCKART (1902 - 1953) Nazi Under Secretary of the Interior who drafted the Nuremberg Laws. Later participated in the Wannsee Conference. Sentenced to four years at Nuremberg for his crimes. Partly-printed D.S., 4pp. large 4to., Berlin, Sep. 28, 1943, the promotion of a man to the rank of 'government director' and containing a record of his service. File holes, else fine.

Lot: 332 - THEODOR EICKE

THEODOR EICKE (1892 - 1943) Infamous commander of Dachau, Eicke encouraged his concentration camp staff to live up to their death's head symbol and treat Dachau's prisoners with 'inflexible harshness', fittingly killed on the Eastern Front. Fine content D.S., 2pp. large 4to., Oranienburg, Oct. 29, 1938, a list of important ttransfers of high-ranking SS personnel. In part: For official reasons, I apply with effective on 15.11.38. to make the following personnel changes...SS-Standartenführer Reich, Otto...his position as leader of the SS-T.-Standard Brandenburg' is dismissed and he is appointed leader of the 4th SS-T.-Standard 'Ostmark" moved to Linz...SS-Standartenführer Nostiz, Paul...is dismissed as leader of the 3.SS-T.-Standard 'Thuringia' and appointed leader SS-T.-Standard 'Brandenburg' moved to Oranienburg...SS-Sturmbannführer Hierthes, Heimo...his position as leader of the I/3.SS-T.-Standard 'Thuringia' is dismissed and on a trial basis for a tour with the 3rd SS-T.-Standard 'Thuringia'...', with other transfers mentioning Walter Bellwidt, Kurt Albert, Gerhard Mayer, Herman Brandt, and Paul-Werner Hoppe. Hoppe is named to the staff of the concentration camp administration. He would be commandant of Stutthof concentration camp from September 1942 until April 1945. Boldly signed in indelible pencil, file holes else fine condition.

Lot: 333 - WILHELM BOHLE

(1903 - 1960) Nazi gauleiter of the overseas branch, accused of assisted Hess in writing a letter in English to the Duke of Hamilton, but cleared himself by claiming that be believed Hess had had Hitler's authority. T.L.S. on official letterhead, 1p. 4to., Berlin, Dec. 22, 1935 to PHILIPP BOUHLER (1889-1945), Nazi Reichsleiter and the first Chief of the Chancellery of the Fuhrer of the NSDAP. Bouhler also helped develop and supervised 'Aktion T4', in which mentally ill and physically disabled people were 'euthanized'. Bohle sends warm wished to Bouhler for a happy new yer 'on behalf of myself and the organization abroad...' Fine.

Lot: 334 - SS OFFICERS KILLED IN ACTION (8)

SS OFFICERS KILLED IN ACTION (8) Lot of eight items signed by SS officers, many of whom were killed in action. Includes: WILLY VOIGT, SS Sbf. and Major of Schutzpolizei, KIA Apr. 10, 1945, signature cut from a document; HERBERT SPERLING SDHA 1938, KIA July, 1941, signature cut from a document;HANS -OTTO VON BERNUTH, Commander Panzer Reg. 6, KIA Aug. 24, 1944, signature cut from a document; WILLY REIFFLIN, SS-Standartenfuhrer, signature cut from a document; Der. Med. ALBRECHT WIEHLER, KIA Hungary Dec. 5, 1944, signature cut from a document with small photo in uniform; Standartenfuhrer EWALD SCHUMACHER, Fuhrer 28 Sta., signature cut from a document, and two unrelated 1946 certifications of his signature signed by HEINRICH VON WESTARP.

Lot: 335 - VIKTOR LUTZE

VIKTOR LUTZE (1890 - 1943) Gauleiter of the Ruhr and an early Hitler associate, Chief of Staff of the SA following Rohm's death until his own end in an automobile accident. Good content typed D.S. on his personal correspondence card, 1p. 7.5 x 5 in., Berlin, December 1938, sending Christmas and new year's wishes in 'our work for the Fuhrer and People'. With transmittal envelope addressed to GAETANO COSENTINIA (1880-1952), a high-level Italian jurist and administrator. With related corespondence.

Lot: 336 - SS OFFICERS (17)

SS OFFICERS (17) A large lot of signatures signed by officer of the SS during the World War II era, varying sizes, places, and dates, including FRITZ MEYER (1900-?) two cut signatures one as Standartenfuhrer, FRIEDRICH MEYER cut signature, ALFRED MUELLER (1901-?) Cut signature, THOMAS MUELLER (1902-?) cut signature, BRUNO RACH cut signature as Sturmbanfuhrer, HELMUT REICHEL cut signature, KARL REICHENTHALER cut signature, WILLY SCHMID cut signature as Sturmbanfuhrer, HELMET SCHONE (1905-?) four cut signatures, OSKAR SCHWARZ cut signature as Sturmbanfuhrer, HEINRICH SCHUTTEN (1896-?) cut signature as Sturmbanfuhrer, KARL SCHUSTER (?- 1970) two cut signatures, HEINRICH THOLE (1907-?) cut signature, EUGEN WEIGEL (1897-?) cut signature, GEORGS FRANZ (1906-1988) cut signature, KARL STRATE (1889-1963), and ERICH PLEISSER (1903-?) cut signature. Conditions vary but mostly fine. 17 items.

Lot: 337 - USS INDIANAPOLIS CREW

USS INDIANAPOLIS CREW A photograph of the famous USS Indianapolis, 8 x 10 in., b/w, depicting the doomed vessel at sea, signed by an amazing collection of approx. 80 sailors who survived the tragic sinking following her torpedoing by a Japanese submarine. Very fine condition. The Indianapolis won ten battle stars for its participation in some of the most important battles of the Pacific. She was in the Philippine Sea when attacked and sunk by a Japanese submarine on July 30th, 1945, after delivering critical parts for the first atomic bomb, Little Boy, to the air base at Tinan. About 300 of the 1,196 men on board died in the attack. The rest of the crew, 880 men, floated in the water without lifeboats until the rescue was completed four days later. 321 crewmen came out of the water alive, with 317 ultimately surviving.

Lot: 338 - U-BOAT COMMANDERS

U-BOAT COMMANDERS A superb color photograph, 8 x 10 in., featuring an illustration of a ship in rough seas, signed by approx. 20 different German U-boat captains of World War II. Some of the signatures include ROLF THOMSEN, HANS RUDOLF ROSSING, HEINRICH LIEBE, GUNTER PULST, GEORG LASSEN, GUNTHER KRECH, HORST VON SCHROETER, ERICH TOPP, OTTO KRETSCHMER, and more. Very fine condition.

Lot: 339 - WALTER KOCH

WALTER KOCH (1910-1943) German commander of the Fallschirmjager, the paratrooper division of the Luftwaffe, who received the Iron Cross award for his actions during the Battle of Fort Eben-Emael. Died under mysterious circumstances after openly criticizing Adolf Hitler's 'Commando Order.' Rare war-date S.P., 5.5 x 3.5 in., b/w, a chest-up seated pose in uniform, signed 'Koch' on the verso. Slightly creased with adhesive residue on the verso, else fine. The 'Commando Order', issued on October 18, 1942, called for the execution of all Allied commandos captured in Europe or North Africa. Koch, who was commanding forces in North Africa, refused to follow the order as it violated the laws of war. After suffering a head wound, he was sent back to Germany in order to convalesce. During this time, he was involved in a car accident and died from injuries sustained; many in his regiment believed it was not an accident, but a method of silencing Koch's outspoken criticism.

Lot: 340 - WALTER OESAU

WALTER OESAU (1913 - 1944) German World War II fighter ace who shot down 127 enemy planes in over 300 combat missions, flew with the Condor Legion, killed in action after taking off for battle following an insult by Goering. Probable war date S.P., 4 x 6 in., b/w, official Rohr postcard depicting a chest up pose in uniform prominently wearing his Knights Cross, signed across his image. Fine condition.

Lot: 341 - WOLFGANG SPAETE

WOLFGANG SPAETE (1911-1997) Luftwaffe test and combat pilot, recipient of the Knight's Cross with Oak Leaves, tested both the Me 262 jet fighter and the Me 163 rocket-propelled interceptor. War date S.P., 3.75 x 5.5 in., b/w, a Hoffman postcard showing a chest up pose in uniform prominently wearing his Knights Cross, signed across the chest. Used postally on the verso, it is inscribed entirely in Spaete's hand, and bears a stamp with the date August 8, 1944. Adhesive residue and some stains on the verso, else fine.

Lot: 342 - WINSTON CHURCHILL YALTA CONFERENCE PHOTO ALBUM

WINSTON CHURCHILL YALTA CONFERENCE PHOTO ALBUM A superbly decorated hardcover photo album that was once the property of RAF pilot Walter J. Pickard. Pickard was group captain during World War II, and was responsible for V.I.P. flights, most notably transporting Winston Churchill and Franklin D. Roosevelt to the Yalta Conference in 1945. The album is titled 'Saki' which was the name of a staging post on the Crimea peninsula used by the Western powers on their way to the historic meeting. The first page is inscribed by British Prime Minister WINSTON CHURCHILL (1874-1965) and dated 1947, and inside the cover a transmittal letter from Churchill's secretary Nina Sturdee is mounted. The album contains approx. 49 original photographs of varying sizes, many with captions, depicting Pickard, members of his squadron, Winston Churchill, Franklin Roosevelt, Vyacheslav Molotov, and a variety of other diplomats and military officers such as Henry Wilson, Ernest J. King, George Marshall, and more arriving at Saki air field and conversing, with many other scenes from the historic conference. In addition to the photographs, also contained are inlaid or tipped documents and letters including the official report on 'Operation Argonaut' (Allied codename for the meeting), a map of the Crimean peninsula, Pickard's squadron flight regulations, a document showing how the entire Conference was almost canceled due to severe weather that could have affected the travel of some dignitaries, the Yalta Conference Menu, five short snorter bills signed by lesser personnel present, Pickard's incredibly rare British and Soviet Yalta passes, and three T.L.S.s addressed to Pickard congratulating him on his mission from U.S. general JAMES STOWELL (1900 - 1978), Churchill's chief military assistant HASTINGS ISMAY (1887-1965), RAF officer FRANCIS FRESSANGES (1902-1975), with two others unsigned from Charles Portal (1893-1971) and Ralph Cochrane (1895-1977). Another T.L.S. marked 'Top Secret- Most Urgent', 1p. 4to., Malta, February 1, 1945, sent to Pickard by Air Commodore WHITNEY STRAIGHT (1912-1979) reads in part: '...I am enclosing herewith two copies of the Flight Plan and Passenger lists as they stand at the present time...There may be amendments but I don't think so...I hope you will send us arrival signals as quickly as possible ...We are on our side arranging a very rapid method of despatch for departure signals and there will certainly be no delay here...' Binding completely absent causing the covers to be loose and partially detached. Pages are toned with scattered stains while some photos and documents are lightly creased. Pickard's brother was RAF Group Captain Percy Pickard (1915-1944) who commanded OPERATION JERICHO, the bold bombing of a German prison in Amiens in an effort to free British prisoners held there. He was shot down and killed during the successful raid. An important record of a historic meeting of the war's most powerful leaders.

Lot: 343 - WILLIAM GOTT

WILLIAM GOTT (1897 - 1942) British lieutenant general nicknamed 'Strafer' who served in World War I and World War II, appointed commander of the 8th Army in 1942 but was killed when his plane was shot down on the way to assume his command. Following his death, Bernard Montgomery Law was appointed in his place. Very rare war date printed D.S., 1p. oblong 4to, [n.p.], February 9, 1942, recommending a British soldier for an award. In part: '...On the evening of 21.1.42...Walker was sent forward to pick up some wounded men...On his way back...his ambulance became bogged in sand...[he] set about to dig his vehicle out when he was machine gunned from the air...[he] took the patients out, carried them to cover and returned to try and recover his vehicle. Again he was attacked by aircraft...he returned again and after digging and using sand tracks for four hours he succeeded in getting his ambulance on a track...By his gallant conduct Dvr. Walker has set a splendid example of determination and courage...recommended for the award to the Distinguished Conduct Medal...' Signed at the conclusion by Gott as lieutenant general. Very fine.

Lot: 344 - STANISLAW KOPANSKI

STANISLAW KOPANSKI (1895 - 1976) Polish military commander, politician and diplomat who served with distinction with the Allies during World War II, notably as Chief of Staff of the Commander in Chief of the Polish Armed Forces. Printed war date D.S., 1p. 8vo., [n.p.], December 30, 1941, a recommendation for an award for Leon Bodowicz-Rutowicz, a soldier in his Polish Brigade. In part: '...During the pursuit which took place on 17. Dec. 1941, the Gazala area, LC Sgt. Bodowicz-Rutwoicz was always one of the first to join the retreating enemy. His energetic and fast action broke all enemy resistance...In several other occasions...[he] showed also outstanding courage and initiative...' Boldly signed by Kopanski as commander of the Polish Independent Brigade. Large chip missing from the top left, else fine condition.

Lot: 345 - WALTER WEVER

WALTER WEVER (1887 - 1936) Chief of the Luftwaffe general staff during the interwar period, an early proponent of the use of strategic bombing in the war, died in a plane crash. Rare T.L.S., 1p. 4to., [n.p.], November 4, 1935, to 'Bodenschatz' expressing his gratitude for sending a copy of his book. File holes to the left margin, a few light stains. 'Bodenschatz' is very likely Karl Bodenschatz (1890-1979) German Luftwaffe general, adjutant to Manfred von Richtofen in World War I, and liaison between Goring and Hitler during World War II.

Lot: 346 - SIEGFRIED WESTPHAL

SIEGFRIED WESTPHAL (1902-1982) Wehrmacht general, served as operations officer for Rommel and Chief of Staff for Kesselring and von Rundstedt. Printed D.S. while a witness at Nuremberg, 1p. oblong 8vo., January 22, 1946, addressed 'To Prison Officer' requesting a letter be forwarded to a member of the German Defense Council, Dr. Exner. Creased and toned, else fine condition.

Lot: 347 - WILHELM FRICK

WILHELM FRICK (1877 - 1946) Nazi Minister of the Interior, author of the Nuremberg Laws. Hanged at Nuremberg for his crimes. Partly printed war date D.S., 1p. 8vo., Berlin, March 1942, a card sending thanks for wishing him a happy birthday. Boldly signed at the conclusion. File holes to the left margin, slightly creased, else fine.

Lot: 348 - WALTHER FUNK

WALTHER FUNK (1890 - 1960) Nazi Minister of Economics who confiscated goods of imprisoned Jews to the Reichsbank via Himmler. Sentenced to life imprisonment. Printed D.S., 1p. 8vo., Berlin, August 1939, a card sending thanks for wishing him a happy birthday. File holes at the left margin. Boldly signed in black ink. Fine condition.

Lot: 349 - WILHELM FRICK

WILHELM FRICK (1877 - 1946) Nazi Minister of the Interior, author of the Nuremburg Laws. Hanged at Nuremburg for his crimes. Printed D.S., 1p. oblong 8vo., Berlin, March 1937, a thank you card for sending congratulatory wishes on his 60th birthday, boldly signed at the conclusion. Folded, two small holes at the bottom.

Lot: 350 - WALTER REDER

WALTER REDER (1915 – 1991) Austrian SS commander and war criminal who served with the SS Division Totenkopf and the SS Division Reichsführer-SS. He and the unit under his command committed the Marzabotto Massacre in Italy in 1944. After the war, he was convicted of war crimes in Italy. S.P., 4.25 x 6 in., b/w, a chest up pose in uniform, signed at the bottom in blue ink. Fine condition.

Lot: 351 - SOVIET GENERALS

SOVIET GENERALS A partly printed D.S. in Cyrillic containing a great collection of signatures of Soviet generals, 3pp. 4to., Moscow, January 8, 1950, a military attestation of Colonel Alexander Sergyenko. Signing at the bottom of the second page as Commander of the Kiev district is ANDREY GRECHKO (1903-1976), in which he notes: 'Tactical preparedness is weak, exercises are carried out very rarely and on low level. Very sloppy attitude to service, he cares more about his personal affairs. Must be sent to study courses of commanders of divisions and to pay attention on more responsible attitude to work.' Signing the top of the third page in blue pen is SEMEN BUDYONNY (1883-1973) Marshal of the Soviet Union and close political ally of Stalin. Below him are the signatures of seven other generals including FRANZ PERKHOROVICH (1894-1961), GLEB BAKLANOV (1910-1976), VASILY MOROZOV (1897-1957), ANATOLI GRYZLOV (1904-1976), VASILY DANILOV (1900-1966), NIKOLAI BOGDANOV (1899-1980), and one other unidentified signature. Toned with moderate edgewear and scattered stains.

Lot: 352 - VASILY CHUIKOV

VASILY CHUIKOV (1900 - 1982) Russian general who was an essential planner and director of the battle of Stalingrad, his forces headed the spearhead to Berlin, where he had the honor of receiving the surrender of the city from General Krebs. Partly printed D.S. in Cyrillic, 2pp. 4to., [n.p.], November 4, 1947, a military attestation of a Head of Engineering Service Nikolai Shopin. Chuikov signs the bottom of the second page in blue pen adding 'Cooperates in the position occupied. Co-signed by fellow generals ALEXANDER RHYZOV (1895-1950) and LEONID VAGIN (1905-1976). Trimmed at the left margin with some chipping, slightly toned.

Lot: 353 - WALTHER SCHROTH

WALTHER SCHROTH (1882 – 1944) General in the Wehrmacht and a recipient of the Knight's Cross. Schroth served on the 'Court of Military Honor', a drumhead court-martial that expelled many of the officers involved in the 20 July Plot before handing them over to the People's Court. Schroth died in an auto accident in October 1944. Rare war date signature on a 5.5 x 3.5 in. card with rank of 'General der Infanterie' and dated July 14, 1943. A photograph of Schroth in uniform is affixed to the card. Fine condition.

Lot: 354 - WALTER REDER

WALTER REDER (1915 – 1991) Austrian SS commander and war criminal who served with the SS Division Totenkopf and the SS Division Reichsführer-SS. He and the unit under his command committed the Marzabotto massacre in Italy in 1944. After the war, he was convicted of war crimes in Italy. S.P., 3.5 x 5.5 in., b/w, chest up pose in uniform boldly displaying his Knight's Cross, signed at the bottom. On the verso printed in German is the text of a poem titled 'Farewell to Soldiers' along with the caption in part: 'Major of the Waffen SS - WALTER REDER - 1978, Still 33 years after the war imprisoned in Italy!... Please send your donations to Major Walter Reder...' Fine condition.

Lot: 355 - WILHELM LIST

WILHELM LIST (1880 - 1971) German field marshal and ardent Hitler supporter, led the 14th Army in Poland, the 12th Army in the Balkans, and as field marshal commanded Army Group A on the Russian front. A.N.S., 1p. 8vo., [n.p, n.d], untranslated in German written on the verso of a war date A.L.S. dated June 15, 1944, also untranslated. Accompanied by a photograph of List. Toned with scattered stains and file holes.

Lot: 356 - SYLVESTER STADLER

SYLVESTER STADLER (1910-1995) German officer of the Waffen-SS, a commander of 2nd SS Division "Das Reich" (1943-44) and recipient of the Knight's Cross with Oak Leaves with Swords, implicated in the massacre at Oradour-sur-Glane. S.P., 4 x 3.75 in., b/w, a scene of Stadler standing with another officer, signed at the bottom. Fine condition

Lot: 357 - VASILY STALIN

VASILY STALIN (1921 - 1962) Son of Joseph Stalin and his second wife, Nadezhda Alliluyeva, colonel in the Soviet Air Force during World War II. Following his father's death, he was accused of disclosing state secrets, jailed, and died an alcoholic. Rare, printed D.S. in Cyrillic with Soviet motifs, 1p. 10 x 13. 5 in., Moscow, 1948, an award citation for a student at the 5th Air Force middle school for winning 3rd place in a gymnastics competition. Boldly signed at the conclusion. After the war Vasily took up an interest in sports and was president of the sports club 'VVS Moscow' which was comprised mostly of former Soviet Air Force members.

Lot: 358 - WELLINGTON KOO

WELLINGTON KOO (1888–1985) Chinese diplomat and Acting President of the Republic of China, one of China's representatives at the Paris Peace Conference of 1919 and later served as ambassador to France, Great Britain, and the United States. War-date signature as Ambassador to Great Britain, penned on an embellished octavo sheet, sold with his calling card as such. Two pieces.

Lot: 359 - WALTHER VON BRAUCHITSCH AND THE 'CRIMINAL ORGANIZATION' GERMAN GENERAL STAFF

WALTHER VON BRAUCHITSCH AND THE 'CRIMINAL ORGANIZATION' GERMAN GENERAL STAFF (1881 - 1948) German field marshal and commander in chief who formally led the campaigns against Greece, France, Poland and the USSR. Superb content partial T.L.S. (lacking first page), 7pp. 4to., Nuremberg, Jan. 3, 1946, to GEOFFREY LAWRENCE (1880-1971), the main British judge during the Nuremberg trials and President

Lot: 360 - WILHELM FRICK

WILHELM FRICK (1877 - 1946) Nazi Minister of the Interior, author of the Nuremberg Laws. Hanged at Nuremberg for his crimes. A.L.S. 'Frick', 1p. 4to., Nuremberg, Oct. 22, 1945, a request for legal representation made to the General Secretary of the International Military Tribunal. In part: '...As a supplement to the request I made on 20 Oct 45 concerning retaining of R.A. von Scanzoni in Munich as my defense counsel, in the event that Scanzoni is hindered in any way from taking the case, I should like to retain Dr. J. R. Viereck, Berlin, whose name also appears on the list....' Mounted to heavy stock, very good. In the end, Frick would be defended by Dr. Otto Pannenbecker, later a centrist politician. This document originates from the files of Hans Werner, Director of Printing for the International Military Tribunal in Nuremberg. It was his task to publish the 42-volume record of the trial using this document and scores of others. Following completion of his task, Werner was permitted to retain possession of the documents, which were never tagged as evidence. They were then sold by autograph expert Charles Hamilton in his auctions, in 1979.

Lot: 361 - WILHELM FRICK

WILHELM FRICK (1877 - 1946) Nazi Minister of the Interior, author of the Nuremberg Laws. Hanged at Nuremberg for his crimes. A.L.S. 'Frick', 1p. 4to., Nuremberg, Oct. 20, 1945, a request for legal representation made to the General Secretary of the International Military Tribunal. In part: '...In accordance with Article 2 (a) of the Indictment I should like to retain as my legal counsel Attorney Gustaf von Scanzoni in Munich...' Very good. In the end, Frick would be defended by Dr. Otto Pannenbecker, later a centrist politician. Von Scanzoni was a prominent Munich attorney who at one time represented an artists' group forced to dissolve by the Nazis. This document originates from the files of Hans Werner, Director of Printing for the International Military Tribunal in Nuremberg. It was his task to publish the 42-volume record of the trial using this document and scores of others. Following completion of his task, Werner was permitted to retain possession of the documents, which were never tagged as evidence. They were then sold by autograph expert Charles Hamilton in his auctions, in 1979.

Lot: 362 - WILHELM FRICK

WILHELM FRICK (1877 - 1946) Nazi Minister of the Interior, author of the Nuremberg Laws. Hanged at Nuremberg for his crimes. A.L.S. as prisoner on trial at Nuremberg, 'Cell 28', 1p. 4to., Oct. 30, 1945, in German to Major Airey Neave serving the General Secretary of the International Military Tribunal, three weeks before his trial would begin. In full: 'I would like to speak to you about my defense.' Near fine. A war hero and fluent in German, it was accorded Neave the honor of reading to the defendants each of their indictments eleven days earlier. Mounted to heavy stock, with the verso bearing an unrelated T.L.S. of BALDUR VON SCHIRACH (1907-1974), the Nazi leader of the Hitler Youth and Gauleiter of Vienna, who would be sentenced at Nuremberg to twenty years for war crimes. The 1p. 4to. letter is dated June 3,1946 while Schirach was under trial at Nuremberg and is addressed to the Tribunal's General Secretary. In his hastily-signed letter, von Schirach appoints a Dr. Nelte to represent him while his chief counsel, while his chief defender, Dr. Felix Sauter, is away. This document originates from the files of Hans Werner, Director of Printing for the International Military Tribunal in Nuremberg. It was his task to publish the 42-volume record of the trial using this document and scores of others. Following completion of his task, Werner was permitted to retain possession of the documents, which were never tagged as evidence. They were then sold by autograph expert Charles Hamilton in his auctions, in 1979.

Lot: 363 - WILHELM FRICK

WILHELM FRICK (1877 - 1946) Nazi Minister of the Interior, author of the Nuremberg Laws. Hanged at Nuremberg for his crimes. Fine content partly-printed D.S. 'Frick' in indelible pencil, 1p. legal folio, Nuremberg, Jan. 18, 1946, a submission to the International Military Tribunal of a 'Defendant's Application for Summons for Witness' to be called in Frick's defense. Frick asks that 'George Messerschmidt' in Washington [actually George S. Messersmith (1883-1960)], be summoned to testify concerning an affidavit he had made on Aug. 30, 1945: '...in which he repeated an alleged statement of Frick which is of vital importance to the Prosecution...the witness will not be able to support this statement...' Mounted, and sold with the official Nuremberg Tribunal translation, also mounted. Very good. GEORGE S. MESSERSCHMIDT (1883-1960) served as head of the US Consulate in Germany from 1930 to 1934. In his deposition submitted to the Tribunal, he testified several times about the openness of his discussions with Nazi leaders: '...the Nazi Government officials, almost without exception from the highest to the lowest with whom I had contact, were on most occasions amazingly frank in their conversation and without any concealment of their aims...' Frick no doubt believed that his 'honesty' with Messersmith (whose name he didn't even recall correctly!) would mitigate the charges against him. This document originates from the files of Hans Werner, Director of Printing for the International Military Tribunal in Nuremberg. It was his task to publish the 42-volume record of the trial using this document and scores of others. Following completion of his task, Werner was permitted to retain possession of the documents, which were never tagged as evidence. They were then sold by autograph expert Charles Hamilton in his auctions, in 1979.

Lot: 364 - WILHELM FRICK

WILHELM FRICK (1877 - 1946) Nazi Minister of the Interior, author of the Nuremberg Laws. Hanged at Nuremberg for his crimes. FRICK FACES TRIAL AT NUREMBERG: 'ONE COULD JUMP OUT OF ONE'S SKIN...' Fine content A.L.S. 'Wilhelm Frick' and signed again 'Frick' in the address, 2pp.legal folio and written on 'Prisoner of War' stationery while on trial in Nuremberg, to his wife Margarete, Mar. 24, 1936. In part: '...My best beloved Grete...already it seems to me like half an eternity, and I wait with longing for further news of you...Oh, in these lovely spring days I have a longing for you, my dear Grete, and for the children which is doubly strong. How happily I could ramble with you, as we used to do, through field and meadow, and eavesdrop on nature as she awakens. Today I have to content myself with the miserable, silent circuit of a courtyard, and I am delighted to hear the happy little song of a chaffinch. But I won't become sentimental, otherwise one could jump out of one's skin. The trial still grinds along. Goering was finished with first; now Hess is in play. My turn will probably come next or the week after. I reckon that we shan't be finished before Whitsun. How glad I should be to do that. I will do my best with the defence. Above all, keep well and don't let anything make you lose your composure With thousand kisses for you, R and D....' Very good.

Lot: 365 - WALTHER FUNK

WALTHER FUNK (1890 - 1960) Nazi Minister of Economics who confiscated goods of imprisoned Jews to the Reichsbank via Himmler. Sentenced to life imprisonment. Good content A.L.S. 'Walther Funk', 1p. 4to., written while a prisoner in Nuremberg, [n.d., ca. late 1945], to the General Secretary of the International Military Tribunal, in indelible pencil. In part: '...Subject: Retaining of Legal Counsel in the trial which has been opened against me. I request that I may retain as my counsel: 1.) Attorney Dr Franz Ludwig, Bresau...formerly a major in the Heereswaffenamt (Office of Chief of Ordnance) (General Leeb) and probably now in a P.W. camp...' Funk also suggests that if Ludwig is not available, Dr. Friedrich Grimm or one of three others named be employed. These include Dr. Fritz Sauter, who would ultimately be given the position. Mounted to heavy stock, very good. This document originates from the files of Hans Werner, Director of Printing for the International Military Tribunal in Nuremberg. It was his task to publish the 42-volume record of the trial using this document and scores of others. Following completion of his task, Werner was permitted to retain possession of the documents, which were never tagged as evidence. They were then sold by autograph expert Charles Hamilton in his auctions, in 1979.

Lot: 366 - WALTHER FUNK CLAIMS NO INVOLVEMENT IN FUNDING THE WAR

WALTHER FUNK CLAIMS NO INVOLVEMENT IN FUNDING THE WAR WALTHER FUNK (1890-1960) Nazi Minister of Economics who confiscated goods of imprisoned Jews to the Reichsbank via Himmler. Sentenced to life imprisonment. Fine content partly-printed D.S. 'Walther Funk' in pencil, 1p. legal folio, Nuremberg, Jan. 10, 1946, a submission to the International Military Tribunal, a 'Defendant's Application for Summons for Witness' asking that LUTZ GRAF SCHWERIN VON KROSIGH (1887-1977), Minister of Finance (1932-45) and de facto Chancellor of Germany in May 1945, be called to testify in Funk's defense, and further suggesting that von Krosigh was: 'presumably in American imprisonment'. Funk claims that von Krosigh: '...[could] testify that the moment the Defendant Funk assumed direction of the Reichsbank, the authority to determine the amount of Reich notes to be discounted by the Reichsbank was withdrawn from the President of the Reichsbank and was thenceforth exercised by Hitler himself...from which the Defendant Funk was excluded...that the proposal for a war emergency levy in August 1939 was not made by the Defendant Funk, but by...Count Schwerin-Krosigk...that the preparation for financing the war and for a civilian war economy...at that time Funk could delay those preparations no longer, and that prior to that time Funk had not been occupied with those preparations...' Also signed by Funk's chief defense counsel, DR. FRITZ SAUTER. Mounted, sold with the official translation, also mounted. Very good. In fact, Funk was intimately involved in all major Reichsbank transactions, and had the full trust and backing of Hitler. This document originates from the files of Hans Werner, Director of Printing for the International Military Tribunal in Nuremberg. It was his task to publish the 42-volume record of the trial using this document and scores of others. Following completion of his task, Werner was permitted to retain possession of the documents, which were never tagged as evidence. They were then sold by autograph expert Charles Hamilton in his auctions, in 1979.

Lot: 367 - WALTHER FUNK CLAIMS HE SUPPORTED CURRENCIES OF OCCUPIED COUNTRIES

WALTHER FUNK CLAIMS HE SUPPORTED CURRENCIES OF OCCUPIED COUNTRIES WALTHER FUNK (1890-1960) Nazi Minister of Economics who confiscated goods of imprisoned Jews to the Reichsbank via Himmler. Sentenced to life imprisonment. Fine content partly-printed D.S. 'Walther Funk' in pencil, 1p. legal folio, Nuremberg, Jan. 10, 1946, a submission to the International Military Tribunal: 'Defendant's Application for Summons for Witness' asking that EMIL PUHL (1889-1952), Vice President of the Reichsbank who was also responsible for moving the Nazis' gold, be called to testify in Funk's defense. Puhl, whom Funk believes is '...probably in an American prison or camp in Frankfurt...' is considered valuable to Funk's defense as his testimony could buttress the contention: '...that the accused Funk stood out constantly, throughout the whole duration of the war against the devaluation of currencies in the occupied countries and in others with which Germany had close economic connections, as well as against financial manipulations of any kind, and indeed, with the result that these countries were saved from being stripped, by fixed exchange rates...Funk always adopted the standpoint...that these debts should be cleared by deliveries of goods...these debts should be covered by a European loan issued by Germany...that Funk was constantly striving to stabilise the exchange rates of occupied territories, in order to stop the arbitrary lowering of such rates...that Funk tried to cover occupation costs as quickly as possible by trade...' Also signed by Funk's chief defense counsel, DR. FRITZ SAUTER. Mounted to heavy stock with an unrelated document on the verso, very good. In actuality, a good portion of occupation costs were covered by Funk's 'trade' in stolen gold and other valuables from Jews, right down to the gold teeth extracted from the Nazis' victims and shipped to the Reichsbank for 'processing' with the receipts deposited in the 'Max Heileger' accounts. Later testimony would also prove his involvement in the Reichsbank's other illicit activities.

Lot: 368 - WALTHER FUNK DENIES VISITING CONCENTRATION CAMPS

WALTHER FUNK DENIES VISITING CONCENTRATION CAMPS WALTHER FUNK (1890-1960) Nazi Minister of Economics who confiscated goods of imprisoned Jews to the Reichsbank via Himmler. Sentenced to life imprisonment. Fine content partly-printed D.S. 'Walther Funk' in indelible pencil, 1p. legal folio, Nuremberg [n.d., ca. late 1945-early 1946], a request that a summons be issued to Dr. Victor Schwedler, a Berlin director of the Reichsbank, to testify on Funk's behalf. In part: '...This witness can confirm that, for years, he was constantly in the company of the accused Funk, especially on journeys, (when they traveled together), that in particular he also made all the arrangements for the accused Funk's journeys and that...he can state that...Funk has never visited a concentration camp, and in particular, not the one at Dachau...' Funk further states that this testimony would be used to refute the deposition of Dr. Franz Blaha, an inmate at Dachau who claimed in his deposition that Funk had come to the camp with a large group of visitors. Blaha apparently later testified that his information on Funk had come from other prisoners. Mounted to heavy stock, very good. This document originates from the files of Hans Werner, Director of Printing for the International Military Tribunal in Nuremberg. It was his task to publish the 42-volume record of the trial using this document and scores of others. Following completion of his task, Werner was permitted to retain possession of the documents, which were never tagged as evidence. They were then sold by autograph expert Charles Hamilton in his auctions, in 1979.

Lot: 369 - WALTHER FUNK PREPARES FOR HIS INTERROGATION

WALTHER FUNK PREPARES FOR HIS INTERROGATION WALTHER FUNK (1890-1960) Nazi Minister of Economics who confiscated goods of imprisoned Jews to the Reichsbank via Himmler. Sentenced to life imprisonment. Good content A.L.S. 'Funk', while a prisoner, 1p. 4to., Nuremberg, Apr. 14 [1946], to his attorney Dr. Felix Sauter. In full: 'Herr Dr. Sauter In the plan for my interrogation we must have the marked passages from the questionnaire on the public peace picked up and copied.' At bottom the letter is annotated in another hand, and is initialed by Sauter at top. Very good.

Lot: 370 - SS DIVISION 'DAS REICH' PHOTO

SS DIVISION 'DAS REICH' PHOTO Fine S.P. featuring the signatures of three Knight's Cross recipients who all served in the 2nd SS Panzer Division 'Das Reich', 8 x 10 in., b/w, including KURT KREUTZ, OTTO BAUM, and HANS SCABSCHNEIDER. Each man signs at the bottom below their image. Fine condition.

Lot: 371 - 'ZEMKE'S WOLFPACK' SIGNED COVER

'ZEMKE'S WOLFPACK' SIGNED COVER A fine FDC honoring the first flag of the United States, 4 x 6 in., signed by five members of the 56th Fighter Group also known as 'Zemke's Wolfpack' for its leader U.S. Air Force Col. Hubert Zemke. Signers include FRED CHRISTENSEN, ROBERT JOHNSON, FRANCIS GABRESKI, WALKER MAHURIN, and GERALD JOHNSON. Fine condition.

Lot: 372 - TOP SECRET D-DAY BATTLE MAPS OF UTAH BEACH

An exceptional and important group of three 'Top Secret' battle maps prepared for the landings at Normandy's Utah Beach on D-Day. The set includes two topographic and geographic charts, labeled respectively as ‘Sector 1007' and 'Sector 1008', and prepared using the latest strategic intelligence obtainable on German defenses. They show two sections of a stretch of land between the French towns of Quineville and Pouppeville, just north of Utah Beach. The complete set would have included map numbers '1006' and '1005' which would have shown the areas of the beach where troops were landed. Although no amphibious assaults took place in the areas of these maps, they still show mine fields, stakes, hedgehogs, tetrahedrons, water depths, shore depressions, forested areas, and also identify vast stretches of 'inundated areas.' In preparation for the invasion, German forces flooded large sections of land along the French coast to hinder any potential landing of paratroopers or movement of tanks. The only roads that traverse the flooded areas are shown as heavily guarded by hedgehogs, artillery and machine gun trenches. Also present is a corresponding profile map of the ocean floor at Sector 1007 depicting its topography, the location of the sea wall, and estimations of tidal curves. Each map bears a key and scales, and each is marked: ‘BIGOT- TOP SECRET.' The maps are each 25.5 x 25 in., printed in color, published by the Intelligence Division of the Chief Engineer, and are numbered in order that their distribution could be tracked. They were printed very late in the planning for D-Day, May 21, 1944, with the landings occurring only two weeks later. Sold with four vintage photographs of the Utah Beach invasion, each 7.5 x 9.5 in., depicting troops landing, on transports, storming the beach, and with one aerial image. All materials in very fine condition. Housed within a pristine 1 x 12 x 15 in. leather bound buckram clamshell case with the contents labeled on the spine. These documents belonged to a Belgian architect named Hugo van Kuyck who was responsible during the war for aerial photographs of the proposed D-Day landing sites. He used special-colored lenses while doing so which revealed the underwater contours of the beaches. The lot is accompanied by a photocopy of a letter sent by General Arthur Trudeau (1902-1991) which documents van Kuyck's crucial role in the invasion. In part: '...He discovered that the data base...for British Hydrographic maps...was different than the French data...it had not been checked before, and when you consider that the beaches we were to land on...had a very flat slope, and the difference between high and low tide sometimes made a difference of about a mile and a half...it could have been very, very embarrassing if this hadn't been found out because there would have been many more ships that would have floundered or gotten hung up...' A great historical set of maps.

Lot: 373 - MEDAL, FLAG, AND DOCUMENT ARCHIVE OF GEN. CHARLES S. FERRIN, PROVOST MARSHAL OF TOKYO

CHARLES S. FERRIN (1892-1976) Highly-decorated Army Brigadier General, most notably served as the Provost Marshal of Tokyo after war's end and charged with the security of the International Military Tribunal, Far East, during the incarceration of the Japanese war criminals. During World War II, he was an Assistant Plans Officer at Pearl Harbor and the Artillery Commander of the 27th Infantry

Lot: 374 - GERMAN INVASION OF POLAND BRIEFING BOOK AND MAPS

GERMAN INVASION OF POLAND BRIEFING BOOK AND MAPS A rarity we've never encountered before, a set of twelve maps, briefing book, and cloth slipcase, some numbered and all marked 'SECRET!', issued by the German Army General Staff in Berlin in advance of the Sep. 1, 1939 invasion of Poland. In addition, some of the maps have been marked-up, indicating that they were used in planning and/or operations. Included is a red cloth-covered book numbered '4729', title: 'Military-Geographical Description of Poland', 437pp. 8vo. (Berlin: General Staff of the Army), 1939. It contains the names and brief descriptive data and many hundreds of Polish towns and cities, with another section of the book offering street maps. Verious fold-out maps are spread throughout the reference showing airports, rivers, etc. The back of the guide has many dozens of photographs of river banks, city centers, bridges, etc. The 12 maps included all vary in size. One of the largest, that of Warsaw, 33 x 33 in., shows over one hundred important buildings, factories and facilities in the city, and the map bears a few pencil additions, largely circles at key intersections. Other maps include an 'Industry Overview' of Poland showing the location of key industrial facilities and items manufactured or mined thereat, with a second map showing these facilities around Kattowitz; road and railroad maps of the country; a map dividing the country into small numbered segments; and individual maps of the cities of Lodz, Kattgowitz, Krakau, Gnesen, Hohensalza, Kallisz, and Konigshutte showing barracks, hospitals, gas staions, post offices (for telegrams), rail crossings, etc. A few maps bear a few fold splits, the book is fine. All fit into a red cloth and heavy board slipcase, splitting at the seams. Overall very good. While we have encountered plans for Operation Sea Lion - the invasion of England - this is the first such time we have seen plans for the invasion that started World War II.

Lot: 375 - PILOT'S LOG BOOK FROM 65-MISSION B-26 D-DAY VETERAN

PILOT'S LOG BOOK FROM 65-MISSION B-26 D-DAY VETERAN An incredible 1944 log book/diary kept by pilot/co-pilot Merle Buford Wilson, born July 6, 1923 in Ranger, TX, who crewed and flew B-26 Marauders with the 387th Bombardment Group and compiling an absolutely incredible 65 missions in his one year of service in his squadron. Wilson's entries are made in a 1944 diary that allowed three entries per

Lot: 376 - ARCHIVE OF USS ARIZONA HERO MAJ. ALAN SHAPLEY, USMC

ARCHIVE OF USS ARIZONA HERO MAJ. ALAN SHAPLEY, USMC ALAN SHAPLEY (1903 – 1973) United States Marine Corps officer who survived the sinking of the USS ARIZONA during the attack on Pearl Harbor, and heroically saved a shipmate who was drowning. He went on to serve with distinction in the Pacific Theater and later in the Korean War. He was awarded the Silver Star for his gallantry on December 7, 1941, and later the Navy Cross for his extraordinary heroism during the Battle of Guam. He would rise through the ranks to achieve the rank of lieutenant general. A fine, large archive of material from Shapley's lengthy, distinguished career. Includes: official carbon copy of Shapley's Silver Star award, 1p. 4to., July 28, 1942, noting: '...For meritorious conduct at the peril of his own life during the attack...in Pearl Harbor...by Japanese forces on December 7, 1941. After his ship had been bombed and set of fire he started to swim towards Ford Island when he noticed Corporal Earl C. Nightingale, U.S. Marine Corps, in distress in the water and about to go down. In spite of enemy strafing and bombing, he immediately went to his assistance, although his own strength almost gave out...'; rare 'Cowboys of the Sea' screw-back enameled lapel pin and 5/8 in. diameter, with Oct. 5, 1942 letter of presentation from the organization to Shapley's wife citing his 'heroic rescue' of Nightingale, and mentioning that the organization recognizes those who save others from drowning; Shapley's membership card in the 'Cowboys of the Sea', four photos, two apparently war-date; copies of correspondence and awards from Halsey, Knox, etc.; a check signed by Shapley; four letters and four photos concerning his burial at sea from the deck of the USS MIDWAY; two notebooks with German text, ca. 1890s (Shapley was born 'Alan Herreshoff'), ten early photographs and CDVs of relatives in Germany, a eulogy, obituaries, etc. Overall very good.

Lot: 377 - EGYPTIAN NATIONALIST REQUESTS A MEETING WITH HITLER

EGYPTIAN NATIONALIST REQUESTS A MEETING WITH HITLER An excellent grouping of eight documents and letters, a correspondence between the Reich Chancellery and the leader of an Egyptian fascist, Nazi-aligned group called the 'Young Egypt Party', Ahmed Hussein, who is requesting an audience with Adolf Hitler. A retained copy of a Reich Chancellery memo dated July 22, 1938, first mentions a letter

Lot: 378 - 'OPERATION NURSERY' WERWOLF COUNTERINTELLIGENCE REPORT

'OPERATION NURSERY' WERWOLF COUNTERINTELLIGENCE REPORT A superb content U.S. Army CICI typed report detailing the actions of an Allied counterintelligence operation codenamed 'Nursery' whose goal was to penetrate underground Nazi organizations in occupied Germany. The report is 6pp. 4to., [n.p., n.d], and marked 'Secret' at the top of each page. It reads in part: '...Through expert concealment of their activities on behalf of the Nazi party, a ring of personalities who had formerly held high positions in the Hitler Jugend attempted to carry on subversive activities under the cover of legitimate business enterprises. The organization was penetrated by a date soon after its foundation...Early in April 1945, Artur Axmann, a Reichsleiter of the NSDAP and National Leader of the Hitler Jugend directed...to organize systematic operations designed to support anticipated Werewolf activities...Axmann realized that any organization would need some sort of adequate on the surface cover and means of communication...he directed Willi Heidemann...to take at least a million Reichsmarks from Hitler Jugend funds and to proceed South...[Heidemann] set up a firm by the name of Christian Tessman and Sons...as a means of transport and a line of communication for Werewolf activities...on 7 January 1946, Willi Heidemann and seven of his closest associates in the business enterprises were arrested...So carefully did the agents disguise these arrests that not one person on the primary target list was able to flee the trap...' Much more. Artur Axmann (1913-1996) was the German Nazi national leader (Reichsjugendführer) of the Hitler Youth from 1940 to the war's end in 1945. Moderately toned with scattered foxing, file holes to the left margin.

Lot: 379 - 'OPERATION WERWOLF' PRISONER INTERROGATION

'OPERATION WERWOLF' PRISONER INTERROGATION A lengthy, fine content typed report marked 'Secret', an interrogation conducted by American intelligence of a former Hitler Youth leader and Werwolf operative named Wilhelm Gause. The report is 8pp. legal folio, [n.p., n.d], and reads in small part: '...Subject proved difficult to interrogate owing to his reluctance to give away any of his collaborators in this affair. He is a tough and courageous man, who was earmarked for an important post in the organization under investigation. He had admitted much, but it is still not certain that he has told all...The HJ [Hitler Jugend] leaders had formed the organization which for want to a better name they had provisionally called 'Sammlung Der Anstaendigen' ('Association of Decent People')...ready to be used as bargaining factor when the opportunity presented itself. They had reckoned on war between the Western powers and Russia...Subject is most emphatic in denying that any violence would be used against our occupation army, but he admits that the organization was illegal...' Much more. Toned with file and staple holes to the left margin. 'Werwolf' refers to the Nazi plan to create a resistance organization that would operate behind enemy lines as the Allies advanced through Germany, and even afterwards. The extent to which the plan was successful is heavily debated, as some historians believe many of the actions associated with the 'Werwolf' were misconstrued as propaganda created by Joseph Goebbels.

Lot: 380 - (JURGEN STROOP) DOCUMENT GROUPING TO MEISTER DER SHUTZPOLIZEI

An excellent document and medal grouping from the service of Meister der Schutzpolizei Peter Busch, including an excessively rare award document signed by JURGEN STROOP (1895-1952), SS and Police Leader of the Poland-Warsaw area. It was Stroop who, during the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising of 1943, ordered its suppression costing the lives of tens of thousands. This is quite a complete archive, documenting Busch's service. Army Unteroffizier Busch from St. Ingbert served during World War I and received the Iron Cross, 2nd Class. On Jan. 26, 1942 he was awarded the Bulgarian Service Medal for Combatants, and that document, 1p. 4to., is present (the award for service in World War I). On June 14, 1939 Busch was awarded the 18 Year Police Service Medal. That document, 1p. 4to. and facsimile signed by Joachim Meissner, is present. Also present if his award of the West Wall Medal, made on Feb. 15, 1940, again signed in facsimile by Meissner. On June 26, 1942 Meister der Schutzpolizei was awarded the the Luftschutz Ehrenzeichen, 2nd Class, this too signed in facsimile by Meissner. On Hitler's birthday, April 20, 1944, Busch was awarded the War Service Cross, 2nd Class. The 1p. 8vo. document, issued in Wiesbaden, bears a large, very bold signature of Gruppenfuhrer and Generalleutnant der Polizei JURGEN STROOP as Hohe SS Polizeifuhrer, Rhein Westmark. The (unmarked) medal itself and its packet marked by A D Baumeister are also present. This is an especially rare document by Stroop, the first such we have seen, as he is almost exclusively found only in official correspondence. Finally, Busch's six-place ribbon bar is included showing all of the awards described here. A very rare grouping, in excellent condition.

Lot: 381 - 1919 MAP OF BERCHTESGADEN

1919 MAP OF BERCHTESGADEN Fine antique map of Berchtesgaden, 17.5 x 17.5 in., Verlag E. Karl Ermisch, Berchtesgaden, scale 1:25,00, originally published 1919. This was two or three years after Haus Wachenfeld - later to be remodeled to serve as Hitler's 'Berghof' - was bulit. Fold splits archivally repaired on verso, worn a bit at folds with a stray blue pencil mark at center, else very good.

Lot: 382 - A CONTEMPORARY COPY OF THE SURRENDER OF JAPAN’S RYUKYU ISLANDS

A CONTEMPORARY COPY OF THE SURRENDER OF JAPAN'S RYUKYU ISLANDS A rare wartime imprint, a facsimile copy of the surrender of the Ryukyu Islands by three Japanese military commanders to the United States on September 7, 1945 – five days after the Japanese surrender was signed in Tokyo Bay. The large one-page facsimile (9.5 x 15.5 inches) withTenth Army heading bears the simple text of the surrender and facsimile signatures of signatories Lt. Gen. Toshiro Nomi, Major Gen. Toshisada Takada, Rear Admiral Tadao Kato, and American representative Joseph Stilwell. The surrender was signed at Tenth Army Headquarters on Okinawa. This copy was undoubtedly produced at about the same time as the surrender and likely given to senior officers and those who had attended the proceedings. Fine condition. Photos for illustrative purposes only and not included.

Lot: 383 - ADOLF HITLER BIRTHDAY INVITE TO KARL WOLFF

ADOLF HITLER BIRTHDAY INVITE TO KARL WOLFF A war-date printed invitation bearing the official letter head of Adolf Hitler, 8 x 5.25 in., Berlin, April 6, 1940, addressed to 'SS Gruppenfuhrer Wolff' inviting him to a birthday dinner with the Fuhrer on April 20th, and specifying that he is to be in uniform. Lightly toned, else fine condition. Karl Wolff (1906-1975) was a Colonel-general in the Waffen-SS, liaison officer for Himmler with Hitler, and German military governor of Northern Italy.

Lot: 384 - AFRIKA KORPS SOLDIER'S PHOTOS AND LETTERS AS P.O.W.

Grouping of items from Augustin Amann, an apparent member of the Afrika Korps eventually captured by American forces. Included are about 75 photographs, the vast majority of which were taken during his service in Africa, various sizes up to 3 x 5 in., largely photos of towns, some devastated, field emplacements, villages and locals, portraits of Amann and his comrades, and other non-combat images. Also included are five letters penned by Amann to family members in Germany from June, 1944 to January, 1945, all in German and untranslated but certainly of routine content. All have been written on P.O.W. letterheads from camps in Texas and New Mexico and censored both in the U.S. and Germany.

Lot: 385 - AMERICAN ‘WERWOLF’ INTELLIGENCE REPORT

AMERICAN ‘WERWOLF' INTELLIGENCE REPORT A great content typed U.S. Army intelligence report, 2pp. legal folio., [n.p., likely somewhere in Germany], May 6, 1945, marked 'Secret' multiple times throughout, describing a series of events. In part: 'On the night of 4 May, a patrol...entered the town of Brunsdorf...they were met by many wild-eyed citizens who reported that 'some' SS troops were raising havoc in the town...Next morning the patrol returned and were met by 3 SS troops...who fired at the approaching tanks. Return fire from the tanks resulted in the death of the 3 SS'ers... At 1800 tonight all was quiet and peaceful...suddenly a shot was fired...the guard turned around, a civilian was seen to flee into the woods...This incident will not be the last of its kind...All personnel must be cautioned to be on the alert at all times. The WEREWOLF was not included in the Unconditional Surrender terms...They will continue to harass our every move despite instructions issued by Admiral Doenitz...Two CIC men driving down a road near Ober Roslau...observed a pushcart and stout walking shoe group of six men...They all seemed younger than the standard brand of refugee...on the pushcart was a paper mache suitcase...One of the CIC men asked who owned the suitcase, whereupon such an appalled silence and freezing horror came over the six civilians...The oldest civilian...seemed to be fixing for a break so the CIC men...started to handcuff him....the civilian made a lunge toward one of the CIC men...in the ensuing scuffle he was shot dead...he was found to have the SS blood type mark tattooed on his upper arm...it was found that the brown paper suitcase contained enough explosives, detonators, time pencils, and hand grenades to supply a Central American Revolution...' Much more. Toned, else fine condition. 'Werewolf' refers to the Nazi plan ‘Werwolf" which hoped to create a resistance which would operate behind enemy lines as the Allies advanced through Germany. The extent to which the plan was successful is heavily debated, as some historians believe many of the actions associated with the 'Werewolf' were misconstrued as propaganda created by Joseph Goebbels.

Lot: 386 - ARCHIVE OF MORGAN E. GUENTHER, K.I.A. ABOARD THE U.S.S. INDIANAPOLIS

MORGAN E. GUENTHER (1922 - July 30, 1945) Electrician's Mate, Third Class aboard the U.S.S. Indianapolis, reported missing after the sinking of the U.S.S. Indianapolis and declared dead on July 30, 1945. Excellent collection of Guenther's naval belongings and letters, includes: a saddening pair of Western Union telegrams sent to Guenther's family from the Chief of Naval Personnel, notifying them

Lot: 387 - AWARD DOCUMENT GROUPING OF SS-POLICE ANTI-PARTISAN OFFICER

Great grouping of award documents all bestowed to SS Officer Hans Koneke, bearing rank 'Oberwm.SchP.d.Res.'['Oberwachtmeister of the National Protection Police Reserve Forces'] and listed as serving with '6./SS-Pol.-Rgt.16'. The documents include: Award certificate for the Wound Badge in Black, issued June 19, 1943, for being wounded once in combat on June 16, 1943, signed at the conclusion by an unidentified Hauptmann. WITH: Award certificate for the Iron Cross, Second Class, issued March 3, 1944, signed at the conclusion by Knight's Cross recipient HERBERT WAGNER (1896-1968) as Generalmajor and Divisional Commander. WITH: Award certificate for the Infantry Assault Badge in Silver, issued March 12, 1944, signed at the lower-right by an unidentified Oberstleutnant. Each bears two file holes and one light fold, the last example is unevenly toned, else fine condition.

Lot: 388 - C.I.C. ARREST REPORTS

C.I.C. ARREST REPORTS Grouping of three arrest reports from the U.S. Army Counterintelligence Corps, documenting the arrests of SS-Obergruppenfuhrer Emil Mazuw, Freiderick Kochling, and General Major of Ordnungspolizei Oskar Knofe. On Koechling's report, the document includes two aliases, states he was a 'Nazi official in civilian clothes', and that he admitted to 'Nazi affiliations and trying to organize underground against Allies' after two hours of interrogation. Sold with a small portrait of Kochling, a calling card from Oskar Knofe, and a memorandum of Mazuw's interview, adding: '...subject readily admitted that he was chief of all branches of police...received his orders directly from Himmler...'

Lot: 389 - CZECH SCHOOL'S ADOLF HITLER BIRTHDAY NOTICE

CZECH SCHOOL'S ADOLF HITLER BIRTHDAY NOTICE A war date typed document in Czech, 2pp. 4to., Zaunfeld, April 20, 1942, issued to a Czech school announcing the 53rd birthday of Adolf Hitler. In small part:'...We commemorate the fifty third birthday of Fuhrer Adolf Hitler. Today, Adolf Hitler is the first statesman in Europe to form a new Europe on the basis of the National Socialist Revolution...Its goal is first of all...for sensible cooperation, which would monitor above all the interests of the mother continent of Europe and increase her power...The dedication of the Czech Moravian area to the great German Empire has opened up great employment opportunities for members of the Czech nation...' More. Toned with light foxing, else fine.

Lot: 390 - 'DAS REICH' DIVISION PERSONNEL QUESTIONNAIRE

'DAS REICH' DIVISION PERSONNEL QUESTIONNAIRE A 'fragebogen', or personnel questionnaire completed and submitted by SS-Hauptscharfuhrer Hans Lein, 4pp. large 4to., Radeberg[?], Apr. 16, 1944. The partly-printed document is completed entirely in Lein's hand, and he sets forth all of his personal details, training, awards (including his War Merit Cross, 2nd Class with Swords), etc. He also writes a full summary of his military career, noting that he had fought in Poland, Holland, Belgium, France, and the Balkans, and since April,1940 had been attached to the 'Div. Reich'. Lien's photo is attached to the first page. Fine condition.

Lot: 391 - DEBICA-TRAINED WAFFEN SS MEMBERS (5)

DEBICA-TRAINED WAFFEN SS MEMBERS (5) Lot of five documents associated with members of the Waffen SS who were trained or stationed at the SS military base near Debica Poland during World War II. Four are 'stammkartens' ('master cards') which outline the soldier's personal information and military career while the last is an excerpt from a muster roll. While three individuals are listed as German two interestingly have their nationality omitted, which could mean they were forced conscripts from an occupied region. The base at Debica was known as a training station of foreign Waffen SS divisions mostly hailing from the Netherlands, Poland, or Ukraine. The camp employed use of Nazi slave labor prisoners, and it is estimated that over 15,000 foreigners perished there over the course of the war. Conditions vary but mostly fine.

Lot: 392 - DEUTSCHE REICHSBAHN IDENTIFICATION CARDS (4)

DEUTSCHE REICHSBAHN IDENTIFICATION CARDS (4) Lot of four war-era Nazi-issue Deutsche Reichsbahn ausweises, or identification cards, each with the owner's photograph, position, etc. and official stamp. Condition just fair to good.

Lot: 393 - FILE FOR FINNISH MEMBER OF THE SS

Rare partial personnel file and resettler's ausweis of SS-Mann Christian Barth, SS Panzer Aufklerung Ausb. Abteilung 1, a Finn born in Neljubinsky in what had become part of the USSR during the war. There are a total of seven documents in the lot, including: Barth's Deutsches Reich 'Umseidler Ausweis' ('Resettler Identification'), 4pp. waterproof paper, Paderborn, Nov. 16, 1944, bearing Barth's photo in uniform and indicating he had been born in 'Neljubinsky UdSSR'; his personnel sheet, 2pp. 4to., largely containing family historical information (split horizontally); a medical record with family tree on verso, bearing his photo in uniform; a bizarre 2pp. 12mo. card listing all types of facial features will options to be selected, also bearing a photo; another card with his photo listing his assets and other financial information; an 8vo. card listing all of the places in which Barth had resided; and the Nov. 17, 1944 receipt for his resettlement identification paper. Overall very good. Documents of foreign-born members of the SS are excessively rare!

Lot: 394 - GEN. FRANZ BOHME'S ANNOTATED COPY OF HIS CAPTOR'S PRESS CONFERENCE

GEN. FRANZ BOHME'S ANNOTATED COPY OF HIS CAPTOR'S PRESS CONFERENCE A group of three press extracts prepared at the headquarters of Gen. FRANZ BOHME (1885-1947), Wehrmacht Commander of Norway and Commander-in-Chief of the 20th Mountain Army, quoting an interview of "the Oslo Press" with British Gen. Richard Hilton who had negotiated the German surrender in Norway with Bohme. Certainly one, and probably all three of the extracts, were prepared and given to the general by a staff member on May 11, 1945 although the press conference occurred on May 8th (the text is improperly dated "May 6"). When these transcripts were prepared, Bohme was technically a prisoner of SHAEF and British forces in Norway, but his cooperation was still needed in turning over his own 400,000-man undefeated army and occupation government peacefully to the Allies. The extracts are of various sizes, the largest being approx. 8.5 x 10 inches. The interview with Hilton reads, in part: "…In reply to a question about the timing and method of evacuating the German troops from Norway, the General replied: An appropriate scheme has been drafted, but the details have not yet been fully negotiated…the Germans have adopted a very correct attitude…they have acted very loyally in matters affecting cooperation and the settlement of problems…How many soldiers have they in Norway? In total, around 400,000 men…[and] important naval units…Their fleet will be disarmed at its bases…How will food supplies be provided for the German troops…The Germans possess considerable stocks of food abroad which will be seized…How many Allied troops have so far arrived in Norway?...One air transported division, which has been split up over various locations in the country…Will Russian officers come to Oslo?...Yes, we are expecting some. Has a line of demarcation been drawn between the Russian zone…and that of the Western powers?...The whole matter has been settled and the Russians will not advance any further…Were SS troops captured in Norway?...The General smiled even more pleasantly than before, and said: No, I have had no information to that effect…" At the top of the transcript, Bohme draws an arrow from Hilton's name and has written in pencil: "With him I negotiated". These transcripts were carried with Bohme into captivity, and one bears a "No. 11 PRISONER OF WAR CAMP" stamp at top, with the notation in English: "This is the personal property of General Bohme POW Nr. B 560393". Generally very good condition. In 1947, Bohme was brought before the Hostages Trial in Nuremberg and charged with war crimes committed in Serbia in 1941. He increased retaliatory murders of Serbs, killing a hundred Serbs for every German killed, and fifty for every German wounded. When his extradition to Yugoslavia seemed imminent, Bohme leaped to his death from his prison window.

Lot: 395 - POSTCARD SENT TO JOSEPH GOEBBELS

POSTCARD SENT TO JOSEPH GOEBBELS Postcard mailed by a German soldier to his friend, future Nazi Minister of Propaganda JOSEPH GOEBBELS. The postcard is marked 'Feldpost', is addressed to Goebbels in Rheydt, and was canceled in Bottrop on Mar. 18, 1918. The postcard bears an image of a painting of a bridge in Brugge, the pencil message untranslated. The deformity of one of Goebbel's feet precluded his military service, but he remained in constant contact with those of his friends who were recruited into the German army. From a large grouping of Goebbels personal correspondence.

Lot: 396 - POSTCARD SENT TO JOSEPH GOEBBELS

POSTCARD SENT TO JOSEPH GOEBBELS Postcard mailed by a German soldier to his friend, future Nazi Minister of Propaganda JOSEPH GOEBBELS. The postcard is marked 'Feldpostkarte', is addressed to Goebbels in Rheydt, and was canceled in Koln on July 13, 1915. The postcard bears a great deal of (untranslated) text in pencil on both sides. The deformity of one of Goebbel's feet precluded his military service, but he remained in constant contact with those of his friends who were recruited into the German army. From a large grouping of Goebbels personal correspondence.

Lot: 397 - GERMAN AWARD DOCUMENTS (3)

GERMAN AWARD DOCUMENTS (3) Lot of three German award documents, includes: War Merit Cross, II Class with Swords to a man with Bridge-Building Battalion 577, Jan. 25, 1941, signed by unknown General of the Infantry; Infantry Assault Badge awarded to a member of 4.J.R. 78, Sep. 30, 1942, signed by an Oberleutnant, and Air Force Ground Combat Badge, Dec. 3, 1943, given to a member of 4./Flakregimet 5, signed by an unidentified Generalmajor. Very good.

Lot: 398 - GERMAN DOCUMENTS LOT

GERMAN DOCUMENTS LOT Lot of German documents, includes: Hitler Youth Sparmartenkarte, or savings book, in blank; a World War I veteran's pension card; two Fuhrerscheins (Nazi-issue driver's licenses); an Auslanderbetreuung der Deutschen Arbeitsfront contribution receipt card; Ersatzcarte fur Arbeitsbuch; Invalidenversicherung Einlage zur Quittungskarte and two related documents, 1942 income tax card; two ration cards; a DAF power of attorney, and a German family stammbuch. Very good.

Lot: 399 - GERMAN PROVISIONAL ALIEN'S PASSPORT

GERMAN PROVISIONAL ALIEN'S PASSPORT A war date 'Fremdempass' passport issued to non-ethnic Germans living in Germany. The small red booklet was issued to a 19-year-old named Anton Frenken employed as a 'hilfsarbeiter' ('auxiliary worker'), issued to him on August 31, 1944. Largely untranslated, however this passport came from a collection of documents owned by a former U.S. Counterintelligence Corps operative, so it is possible Frenken was suspected of espionage activity. Moderately worn, else fine.

Lot: 400 - GERMANS SHOOT COLLABORATING PRIESTS

GERMANS SHOOT COLLABORATING PRIESTS Late war retained signed copy of a report by a Major 'Quarz[?]'. 1p. 4to., Fuhrerheadquarters, Berlin, Apr. 4, 1945 to Gauleiter Paul Wegener of Weser Ems. The major reports on rapid advances being made across the Mitteland Canal and into Ems, bypassing Lingen. He continues: '...For a few days we have had a myriad of probably hostile agents in the area who have particularly tough on the Volkssturm miners guarding the tank barriers and who...point out the futility [of resistance]...ongoing enemy propaganda supported by loudspeakers and broadcasts which calls on the population to show white flags...Catholic pastors work and dig undercover like never before. We just caught three and will likely hang them today...' Fine condition.

Lot: 401 - HANS PHILIPP DRAFT GERMAN CROSS IN GOLD AWARD

HANS PHILIPP DRAFT GERMAN CROSS IN GOLD AWARD HANS PHILLIP (1917 – 1943) Luftwaffe fighter ace credited with 206 kills, awarded the Knights Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords. Killed when he was shot down over Bremen and his parachute failed to open. A draft copy of his award citation for a German Cross in Gold, 3pp. 4to., June 18, 1942, unsigned, in German which reads in full: 'As a group commander on the Eastern Front, Captain Phillip won a further 21 aerial victories on March 12, 1942, in numerous difficult fights after being awarded the Oak Leaves with Swords to the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross, increasing his total number of kills to 107.' Lightly toned, with file holes to the left margin and colored pencil notation on the cover.

Lot: 402 - HITLER RALLIES HIS TROOPS BEFORE DISASTROUS INVASION OF MOSCOW

A scarce and historic broadside, a lengthy battle cry from Adolf Hitler to his dwindling forces in the disastrous Russian campaign, issued the same day as the 1st Army Group first marched towards Moscow. The broadside, 17.5 x 21 in., dated October 2, 1941, reads in part: 'This enemy does not consist of soldiers, but only of beasts...In a country that could feed the whole world...there is poverty we Germans cannot imagine...The carriers of this system are the same: Jews and only Jews...When I called you on June 22nd [the first invasion of Russia] to avert the terrible threat to our homeland, you faced the greatest military power of all time...In a few weeks, its three most important industrial districts will be in your hands!...Today is the beginning of the last big decisive battle of this year...It will destroy this enemy and with it, the instigator of this whole war, England...the whole of Germany will accompany you. Because with God's help, you give her not just victory, but the most important prerequisite for peace!...' Folds, very light stain at upper-left, else fine. Of course, Hitler's rush towards Moscow would be one of his greatest blunders; the German army took heavy losses during the campaign, yet inherited nothing but ruins as retreating Russians burned everything of value.

Lot: 403 - INTERROGATION REPORT CONCERNS ARTUR AXMANN

INTERROGATION REPORT CONCERNS ARTUR AXMANN A lengthy, fine content typed report marked 'Secret' at the top of each page, an interrogation conducted by Allied intelligence forces on a former Hitler Youth leader and SA member named Gerhardt Abelbeck (1912-1997) suspected of being affiliated with Hitler Youth Reichsfuhrer Artur Axmann (1913-1996) and underground Nazi activities in occupied Germany. The report is 10pp. legal folio, [n.p., n.d], and reads in part: '…Soon after subject returned from Loit he received a letter telling him to report to Lubeck... that the RJF Artur Axmann himself was there...Axmann wished to keep as many trustworthy HJ leaders as possible in hiding...they were expecting [war] to break out between the Western Powers and Russia...Subject tried lying at first, but later broke down completely and wrote a full confession. He does not appear to have been fully in the confidence of Axmann, nor those in the immediate circle...This has been confirmed from other sources as well...Recommendation: to be interned...' Much more. Toned with file and staple holes to the left margin.

Lot: 404 - INTERROGATION REPORT OF A PRO-NAZI BELGIAN SPY

INTERROGATION REPORT OF A PRO-NAZI BELGIAN SPY A great content, war date typed document, 4pp. 4to. Weert, November 2, 1944, labeled 'Secret' at the top, titled 'Interview with Simone Desirent (Belgian) at Weert Holland, 2 November 1944' with interesting insights about Nazi spy activity. In part: '...Desirent stated that she volunteered for Belgian Red Cross...and then was sent to a civilian hospital in Weis-Baden...after this all the nurses in training were compelled to work for the SS in Ilverson...she became acquainted with a man pretended to be Sturmman Kayae, a Dutch National...Kayae made connection with the Military Secret Police. On account of her friendship with Kayae, Desirent was admitted to the organization...German Military Secret Service is organized as follows: It is headed by a Chief named Scortini…It was Scortini who arranged and carried out Mussolini's escape in Italy...All the agents above are specially instructed in the customs, people, manners, habits, etc. of the people of the section to which they are assigned...Desirent was chosen to operate in the WEST, i.e. Belgium, Holland, and Northern France...Kayae confided to Desirent that his right name is von Schliffen, nephew of Field Marshall von Schliffen...the name Kayae was taken from the identity of a dead Dutch soldier...' and much more. 'Scortini' is obviously a mistake referring to SS Obersturmbannfuhrer Otto Skorzeny (1908-1975). A few scattered stains, overall good condition.

Lot: 405 - INTERVIEW OF A DUTCH SS SPY

INTERVIEW OF A DUTCH SS SPY A war date typed report on an interview conducted by the U.S. Army CIC (Counterintelligence Corps) of a Dutch SS officer named Hugo Lahaye, suspected of espionage activities. The report, 4pp. 4to., Weert, November 3, 1944, reads in part: '...1933 - Joined N.S.B. believed its ideology...1936...dropped membership...1940 - After occupation, rejoined N.S.B...1941 voluntarily joined Waffen SS and was inducted in SS Fuhrer Schule...1943 - Realized the Nazis were robbing Dutch and asked to leave...Sold some silver for Jewish people; was caught by the Sicherheitdiesnt...was promised all would be forgotten if he would join the SS at the front...assigned to SS Erstaz Bn Klagenfurth...March 1943...in the Viking Division...Dec. 1943...was assigned to Totenkopf Div...succeeded in obtaining a transfer to Holland...Since 20 July 1944, when assassination attempt of Hitler was foiled, all espionage, counterespionage and sabotage training was controlled by the SS...Subject in describing the training undertaken by agents...consisted of thorough teaching of explosives, demolition, etc...also instructed in the manner of performance of American and English Police...' Much more. Last page trimmed at the bottom with adhesive residue on the verso, minor scattered stains throughout.

Lot: 406 - ITALIAN BANKS WARNED OF WAR WITH U.S.A.

ITALIAN BANKS WARNED OF WAR WITH U.S.A. Typed received telegram sent by the Italian Minister of Finance Paolo Ignazio di Revel (1888-1973), 1p. oblong 8vo., Rome, Dec. 15, 1941, sent to the Department of Finance in Brescia (and presumably to all such heads throughout Italy): '...WE SHOULD CONSIDER OURSELVES IN A STATE OF WAR WITH THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA AS OF 1430 11 DECEMBER 1941...' Docketed. On December 11, 1941, Italy declared war on the United States in response to the latter's declaration of war upon the Empire of Japan following the attack on Pearl Harbor four days earlier. Germany also declared war on the U.S. the same day. The US immediately responded by declaring war on Germany and Italy.

Lot: 407 - JAPANESE ARMY 'MUKDEN INCIDENT' FIELD PROPAGANA BOOKS (3)

JAPANESE ARMY 'MUKDEN INCIDENT' FIELD PROPAGANA BOOKS (3) Lot of three Japanese Army Field Books; VOLUMES I, II, III. Booklets issued for reading in the field. Three volume set, bound in blue semi-hardcover at 4 x 5 in. The subject matter of these small propaganda books is based on a famous incident in the Manchurian area near Mukden, also known as the China Incident. The books are designed for field use reading by the Japanese Army on the march, to bolster the Army's resolve for invading Manchuria, and ultimately all of China. The famous incident, is generally regarded to this day, as a false-flag event.

Lot: 408 - KNIGHTS CROSS OF THE WAR MERIT CROSS AWARD, IN BLANK

KNIGHTS CROSS OF THE WAR MERIT CROSS AWARD, IN BLANK Rare, pristine Knights Cross of the War Merit Cross, in blank, 8 1/4 x 11 5/8 in., with blind-embossed seal at bottom and blue lithographed Hitler signature. Very fine.

Lot: 409 - LEONARDO CONTI CONGRATULATIONS TELEGRAM

LEONARDO CONTI CONGRATULATIONS TELEGRAM Deutsches Reichspost telegram, 4pp. 8 x 11.5 in., Frankfurt, Apr. 25, 1939, a message sent to LEONARDO CONTI (1900–1945), Reich Health Leader in Nazi Germany who administered 'Aktion T-4' resulting in the killing of many Germans who were of 'unsound mind', disabled adults and children, and the institution of forced sterilization. Conti receives 'sincere congratulations' upon his appointment as Reich Health Leader from Ludwig Conrad, the leader of a pharmaceutical trade organization. Heavily annotated in pencil, a fold tear archivally repaired, else very good.

Lot: 410 - LOG OF OFFICERS IMPRISONED BY JAPANESE AT FALL OF THE PHILIPPINES

LOG OF OFFICERS IMPRISONED BY JAPANESE AT FALL OF THE PHILIPPINES An incredible, historically vital log of American and other Allied officers who surrendered or were captured by the Japanese following the fall of the Philippines and surrender of forces on Bataan, as meticulously maintained by an American officer who further maintained lists of those who were imprisoned with him at various camps

Lot: 411 - LUFTWAFFE PILOT DOCUMENTS

LUFTWAFFE PILOT DOCUMENTS A grouping of documents related to pilot Philipp Kerkel who served in the Luftwaffe during World War II and immigrated to the U.S. after the war's conclusion. Included are his moderately worn Luftwaffe 'Soldbuch' documenting his service history, his Bundesrepublik identification documents, family history papers, copies of birth certificates of him and his wife, application papers for U.S. citizenship, and their naturalization papers and passports. Most notably the grouping includes a war date Nazi document proving Kerkel's 'Aryan descent.' Accompanied by a 5.25 x 7 in. photo, b/w, depicting a soldier in uniform, possibly Kerkel, being awarded a medal. Conditions vary, but mostly good.

Lot: 412 - MANCHOUKUO CHINESE SEEK AN AUDIENCE WITH HITLER

MANCHOUKUO CHINESE SEEK AN AUDIENCE WITH HITLER An excellent collection of 24 letters and documents concerning the efforts of a Japanese-controlled trade organization from Manchoukuo, the Japanese puppet state in Manchuria and eastern Inner Mongolia, to have a private audience with Nazi Chancellor Adolf Hitler. The documents, almost all originating from the Reichschancellery and the Foreign Ministry, date from between August 22 and September 26, 1938. The grouping begins with a list of those included in the entourage, 18 people, led by Minister of Finance Han Yun-Chieh. On Aug. 22, Ministry of Foreign Affairs functionary 'Strachwitz' writes the Chancelery suggesting that Hitler meet with Han and his two top aides. In the margin appears an initialed pencil note from Reichsminister and Minister of the Presidential Chancellery OTTO MEISSNER: 'Yes! Time still available. M'. On Sep. 20, 1938 Meissner sends a signed letter to WERNER KIEWITZ (1891-1965), German diplomat later punished with assignment to the murderous Dirlewanger Brigade. He advises that Hitler has accepted a meeting with the delegation, reserving the right to decline later 'depending on the political situation'. Hitler also asks for a 'qualified translator'. On Sep. 26, Hitler gave the Chinese an audience for 15 minutes, and on the same day Meissner prepared an initialed note for his file summarizing the meeting: '...The chairman of the commission assured the Fuhrer of Manchuria's friendship for Germany and its Fuhrer, and also of its firm determination to stand together with her against the common enemy, Bolshevism...[The Fuhrer] emphasized the necessity of the joint struggle against Bolshevism, the universal enemy, whose ominous activities had again been openly displayed in the current crisis...'. Also included is a letter sent from Han Yun-Chieh at some later date to either Hitler or, more likely, the Foreign Ministry, thanking them for the visit and adding: '...We have watched with great enthusiasm how in your country under the leadreship of the Fuhrer...the whole people have come together...' Finally, there is a 12pp. 4to. program in German setting forth the delegation's schedule during its visit to Berlin. Many documents not translated, worthy of further research. Overall very good.

Lot: 413 - MATHILDE LUDENDORFF

MATHILDE LUDENDORFF (1877 - 1966) German psychiatrist, wife of Gen. Erich Ludendorff (1865-1937) who, with Hindenburg in World War I, was responsible for the defeat of Russia, and later joined forces with Hitler in the Beer Hall Putsch. Together, the couple founded the 'Society for the Knowledge of God', an esoterical group of theists banned from 1961 to 1977. Signed printed card, Tutzing, Oct. 15, 1953, sends thanks for a remembrance, adding: 'Long live freedom!' With transmittal envelope and ten postcards picturing her deceased husband, his grave, death mask, etc.

Lot: 414 - MISCELLANEOUS GERMAN DOCUMENTS

MISCELLANEOUS GERMAN DOCUMENTS A lot of various German documents from the World War II era, varying sizes 1p., varying places, 1935-1943, including a Hitler Youth pledge of allegiance card, a blank sheet of Hitler's stationery with file holes, a Reichsbahn document, a German patent document, and a Luftwaffe recruitment leaflet. Conditions vary but mostly good. Five items.

Lot: 415 - NEW ZEALAND PRIME MINISTER'S MESSAGE TO THE TROOPS

NEW ZEALAND PRIME MINISTER'S MESSAGE TO THE TROOPS A scarce World War II printed flyer, 1p. 8vo., [n.p., n.d.], sent on behalf of acting New Zealand Prime Minister Walter Nash (1882 - 1968) to all New Zealand- born personnel serving in the British forces. His message in full: 'At this memorable time you are all very much in the hearts and thoughts of all of us. We are deeply conscious of the contribution you all have made towards the victory we now enjoy, which is a major milestone on the highway to complete freedom of the world.' Fine condition.

Lot: 416 - NUREMBERG TRIALS TRANSCRIPTS AND ANALYSES

Immense grouping of literally hundreds of typed transcripts, document translations, evidence analysis, affidavits, and other files from the Nuremberg trials. The grouping includes: a transcript of the Prosecution's Closing Brief of the 'Flick trial'; a translation of a legal brief by State Secretary WILHELM STUCKART regarding the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia, concluded '...the decisive fact is that the Protectorate, owing to lack of any sovereignty under international law, can no longer appear...as an independent structure...'; a German document book from the case against Dr. Konrad Schaefer, indicted then acquitted during the 'doctor's trial'; a transcript of a proposal regarding the peace treaty between Germany and France, detailing how '...Germany reserves the right...to demand the return of all those properties, rights and interests...in connection with regulations of the Armistice signed at Compiegne in 1918 or of the Treaty of Versailles...'; documents related to Hitler's appointment of a German Plenipotentiary for Italy and SS-Obergruppenfuhrer Karl Wolff as an advisor to Italy; and many more. Many toned, some chipping, else very good.

Lot: 417 - OLGA TSCHECHOWA

OLGA TSCHECHOWA (1897 - 1980) Russian born actress who became a leading actress in the Third Reich. She is also rumored to have been a communist spy in a Russian conspiracy. It is believed she was pressured by Stalin and Beria to flirt with Adolf Hitler in order to gain information so that Hitler could be killed by secret Soviet agents. At one point, a Russian boxer introduced by the actress was about to kill Hitler when called off by Stalin. I.S.P., 3.5 x 5.5 in., b/w, chest up seated pose, signed at the bottom in blue ink. Slightly toned, else fine.

Lot: 418 - ORIGINAL ARMY TELETYPE COVERS JAPAN'S PEACE DELEGATION TO IE SHIMA

A good content coded teletype from the Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers Douglas MacArthur to various Allied command posts, announcing plans for the transport of Japanese delegates to the Philippines for preliminary peace talks. The teletype, 8.5 x 25 in., reads in part: 'FOLLOWING MESSAGE HAS BEEN RECEIVED FROM THE JAPANESE GENERAL HEADQUARTERS...SCHEDULE OF OUR PLANES MOVEMENT REGARDING OUR REPRESENTATIVE APOSTROPHE SUGAR [representative's] FLIGHT TO MANILA...THE PARTY WILL EMPLOY TWO UNARMED TWIN-ENGINED CMA SINGLE WINGED LAND ATTACK PLANES OF THE TYPE ONE...WITH MARKINGS AS DESIGNATED BY YOU PD WEATHER PERMITTING...THE PLANES WILL LEAVE KISARAZU AIRDROME ON THE NINETEENTH...PASS OVER SATA MISAKI ON THE SOUTHERN TIP OF KYUSHU AT ABOUT ONE...AND THEN PROCEED VIA NAKANOSHIMA CMA TAKARAJIMA AND TORIJIMA...REACHING IE SHIMA AT ABOUT ONE THREE TWO NAUGHT ON THE SAME DAY...' After being received, these teletypes were later decoded and mimeographed for further distribution; a mimeograph of this teletype is included in this lot. Very good condition. A sixteen-man Japanese surrender delegation did arrive in Manila from Ie Shima (an island off the northwest coast of Okinawa) on Aug. 19, 1945, as suggested here, at which MacArthur sped preliminary talks to assure a quick cessation of all hostilities and arrange an early signing of the surrender. This lot was taken from a large number of teletypes brought home by Charles F. Hoff, a 'cryptographic message center officer' stationed at Headquarters Army Forces Middle Pacific, charged with sending and receiving messages from Washington to the Pacific, as well as coding and decoding classified documents. Consigned by a direct linear descendant, and sold with a photocopy of a letter of provenance delivered from our consigner to our offices.

Lot: 419 - ORIGINAL ARMY TELETYPE COVERS JAPAN'S RELINQUISHING CONTROL OF PACIFIC ISLANDS

A good content teletype from the Government of Japan to the Allies, regarding the relinquishing of various Pacific islands from Japanese control just weeks before the Instrument of Surrender was signed. This teletype, 27 x 8.5 in., undated yet certainly sent August 1945, was sent to various Allied departments, all coded, including Ft. Shafter, Hawaii - the headquarters of the U.S. Army Forces, Pacific Ocean Areas. The message reads: 'THE FOLLOWING MESSAGE HAS BEEN RECEIVED FROM THE JAPANESE...FROM THE JAPANESE HEADQUARTERS...WE UNDERSTAND AS FOLLOWS...JEHOL PROVINCE IS INCLUDED IN MANCHURIA...YORON ISLAND OF THE RYUKYU ISLANDS AND THE AMAMI ISLANDS ARE INCLUDED IN THE MAIN ISLANDS OF JAPAN...THE BAUYAN ISLANDS AND THE BASHI ISLANDS ARE INCLUDED IN THE PHILIPPINE ISLAN [sic]...THE JAPANESE FORCES IN NEW GUINEA CMA ['comma'] BISMARCKS AND THE SOLOMONS UNDER AUSTRALIAN MANDATE SHALL NEGOTIATE WITH THE COMMANDI GENERAL AUSTRALIAN FORCES...THE JAPANESE FORCES ON THE ISLANDS OFF THE NORTHERN COAST OF AUSTRALIA OTHER THAN THOSE MENTIONED ABOVE SHALL NEGOTIATE WITH THE SOUTHEAST ASIA COMMAND...REFERRING TO THE LATTER PART OF YOUR RADIOGRAM OF TWO SEVEN AUGUST CONCERNING CONTAC [sic] BETWEEN DESIGNATED JAPANESE AND ALLIED COMMANDERS CMA THE JAPANESE GENERAL HEADQUARTERS HAD ALREADY TAKEN NECESSARY STEPS...IT IS REQUESTED THAT YOUR INSTRUCTIONS TO THEM BE COMMUNICATED THROUGH THE JAPANESE GENERAL HEADQUARTERS AS COMMUNICATION FACILITIES...ARE SO INADEQUATE THAT IT IS HARDLY POSSIBLE FOR THE LOCAL JAPANESE COMMANDER TO ESTABLISH FROM HIS SIDE DIRECT CONTACT WITH THE DESIGNATED ALLIED COMMANDER... 'After being received, these teletypes were later decoded and mimeographed for further distribution. Very good condition. This lot was taken from a large number of teletypes brought home by Charles F. Hoff, a 'cryptographic message center officer' stationed at Headquarters Army Forces Middle Pacific, charged with sending and receiving messages from Washington to the Pacific, as well as coding and decoding classified documents. Consigned by a direct linear descendant, and sold with a photocopy of a letter of provenance delivered from our consigner to our offices.

Lot: 420 - P.O.W. DUTCH SPY'S ACCOUNT OF CHINA NATIONALIST ARMY VS. JAPAN

P.O.W. DUTCH SPY'S ACCOUNT OF CHINA NATIONALIST ARMY VS. JAPAN HENRI DE FREMERY Dutch military officer and spy, especially close to Chiang Kai Shek's Chief of Staff He Yingqin. De Fremery was captured by the Japanese and spent the balance of the war in their hands. A superlative war date account of his experiences with Chiang Kai-Shek and the Nationalist Chinese, written between April and

Lot: 421 - PERSONNEL FILE OF SCHUTZPOLIZEI MEMBER WALTER RICHTER

Group of 34 documents from the personnel file Schutzpolizei Wachtmeister Walter Richter (born Apr. 28, 1898) who served in Hannover and the immediate vicinity. Among them is: Richter's 1942 declaration that he is not a Jew of mixed blood ('mischling') nor married to a Jew; 1941 notice that the police were under the control of the SS; certification that he is unrelated to any Poles; statement of notification of his next of kin; his 'vorschlag' and several other similar documents setting forth all personal details, party affiliation, family information, etc.; issuance and receipt of his passport; medical reports, and much more, untranslated. With a passport photo in uniform. Overall very good.

Lot: 422 - PROMOTION OF KARL REUTZ, K/C WITH OAK LEAVES

KARL KREUZ (1909-1997) Standartenführer in the Waffen-SS who was awarded the Knight's Cross with Oak Leaves. Kreutz started World War II as a battery commander in the Das Reich Artillery Battalion and went on to command the division. Pair of documents includes: SS Personnel Department copy of Kreuz's promotion to 'SS-Sturmbannfuhrer der Waffen-SS' per orders of Heinrich Himmler, 1p. 4to., [Berlin, Nov. 9, 1941], signed in carbon by SS Personnel Department Chief WALTER SCHMITT (1879-1945). Sunned at top. WITH: a Department Leader course performance evaluation for Kreutz, 1p. 4to., Paris, Dec. 12, 1942. Two pieces.

Lot: 423 - R.A.F. CZECH SQUADRON COMMANDER'S GROUPING

Large grouping of material from R.A.F. Flight Officer Frederic L. Withers who spent most of his service attached to Czech squadrons in the R.A.F. Of the approx. 60 pieces in the collection, the most important is Withers' 'CONFIDENTIAL' heavily annotated approx. 100pp. legal folio book concerning the administration of an R.A.F. base. Withers apparently used this book during his administration or command of three squadrons, including 134 (Czech) Airfield, Ibsley, 122 Squadron which was commanded by a Czech, and 89 Squadron flying Beaufighters in the area of Crete and Sicily. This typed set of regulations, constantly updated by Withers, covered a multitude of administrative matters involved in operating a forward R.A.F. base. A very small sampling of topics includes selection of air crew; arrest and custody, chaplains, courts martial, forms, guards and sentries, identity cards, leave, mail, punishments, rations, signals, salvage, punishments, soap rationing, wills, and much more, all described in great detail within. Tabs on page edges refer to the various chapters noted in the index. Other material includes a page showing the varied color divisional signs used by 83 Group in the air campaign over Holland; a photo of 80 Squadron officers; rosettes from the liberation of Belgium; Allied invasion currency; 20+ photos from the liberation of Paris and elsewhere; pay documents and passes; broadsides; bar and restaurant receipts; and much more. A very nice collection.

Lot: 424 - REICHSTAG ELECTION BALLOT

Great printed Reichstag ballot from the constituency of southern Hanover-Braunschweig, 5.25 x 7.25 in., with the option for the NSDAP placed at the very top. Interestingly, the party is captioned '(Hitlerbewegung)', or '(Hitler movement)', and lists the candidates 'Hitler, Dr. Frick, Goring, Rust'. Two staple holes at upper corners, else fine.

Lot: 425 - REUTERS ARTICLE TRANSCRIPT, TO BE PUBLISHED UPON HERMANN GOERING'S DEATH

A fascinating, one-of-a-kind mimeograph, a Reuters 'press association' memo sent to an unnamed chief sub editor 'for use in the event of Field Marshal [Hermann] Goering's death'. The mimeograph, 6pp. sm. 4to., is dated just two months after the start of the war, being ink stamped 'December 20, 1939' on the first page. This message bears a transcript for a Reuters article should Goering be killed during the war, providing a brief synopsis of Goering's military career in World War I, his relations with Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party, his struggles with drug addiction, and his ascension to Hitler's successor and one of the most powerful men in the Third Reich. In part: 'Goering was Once a 'Stunt Pilot'. But He Built Germany's Air Force...Goering possessed the great attribute of knowing how to handle men...in July 1918, he was appointed to lead the famous 'Richthofen Squadron'. He took leave of his comrades eight days after the armistice, drinking a final toast and dashing his glass against a wall...with a battle-scarred aeroplane he eked out a precarious living for a year, giving exhibition flights...he met Adolf Hitler at a political meeting...was entrusted with the task of leading the Storm Troops, and was severely wounded in the Munich 'putsch'...he sought releif in morphia, and for a time was in a mental home....[he later] set up the Secret Political Police, and the concentration camps, and he condoned, if he did not inspire, the cruelties which accompanied...he carried out the 'blood-purge'...perhaps the most remarkable feat...was the creation of a powerful air force for Germany...the nation cordially approved Herr Hitler's choice when, on September 1, 1939, the first day of the war against Poland, he appointed Goering as his successor...Although regarded abroad as a fire-eater, he had a shrewd and cautious judgement, and his bellicose speeches were calculated performances of window dressing...' Much more content. Suggesting its scarcity, the individual who wrote this memo also adds that the contents '...will not be repeated...', and our research could find no evidence that this article ever saw publication. Paper clip stain at upper-left, lightly toned towards the edges, else very good condition. An excessively rare mimeograph, making plans for the demise of Hermann Goering during the escalation of World War II.

Lot: 426 - RUDOLF ATTIG

(1893-1981) German Wehrmacht doctor, serving as the divisional doctor of the 24th Infantry Division in occupied France, later served as the divisional doctor of the 17th Panzer Division on the Eastern Front. A.L.S. in German, 2pp. oblong 8vo., Hannover, Dec. 29, 1947, a heartfelt letter sent to Major Fred Bieri of the International Red Cross, one month after his repatriation. In part: '...I want to thank you, dear Mr. Major Bieri... for your continued helpfulness which you always proved to us when you visited us in Grizedale-Hall and Bridgend. If you ever happen to go through Bremen, where I will be working as a pediatrician, please honor me with your visit. I hope again, as in past years, to be working again voluntarily for the German Red Cross...' Attig signs twice, once at the upper-left, then again at the conclusion. Very good.

Lot: 427 - SIGNALMAN'S COPY OF THE FIRST ALLIED CEASE FIRE ISSUED ON NAZI GERMANY, MAY 1945

A scarce World War II document, an official copy of the first Cease Fire issued on Germany under the orders of Field Marshal Montgomery, 1p. 4to, [n.p.], May 4, 1945, presumed copied for Signalman G. A. AYERS who served with Montgomery's 21st Army. The original field order from which this was copied was marked 'GO 411A SECRET' and was transmitted from Exfor Main at 20.50 hours on May 4th, 1945 to be received by 'FIRST CDN ARMY: SECOND BRIT ARMY: L OF C: GHQ AA TPS: 79 ARMD DIV: EXFOR REAR...' The document reads, in full: 'all offensive ops will cease fire from receipt this signal. orders will be given to all tps to cease fire 0800 hrs tomorrow saturday 5 may. full terms of local german surrender arranged today for 21 ARMY GP front follow. emphasise these provisions apply solely to 21 ARMY GP front and are for the moment excl of DUNKIRK. ack'. The conclusion is signed in facsimile by Major General R.F.K. BELCHEM, head of Field Marshal Montgomery's operations staff, with an instruction: 'IN CIPHER if liable to interception'. Some splits and small tears along original mailing folds, else very good. At 18.20 hours on 4th May 1945, German field commanders surrendered all hostile forces in North West Europe to Field Marshal Montgomery's 21st Army Group at his Tactical HQ, then located on Luneburg Heath. Montgomery immediately ordered his Chief of Operations, Major General R.F.K. Belchem, to issue a cease fire order to all subordinate units. This signal was transmitted at 20.50 hours on the 4th May 1945, as indicated on the document. This authentic war-date copy was found in the papers of RASC Signalman G. A. Ayers who was assigned to 21 Army Group Headquarters from 1944-1946, and was likely officially printed at the HQ for Ayers as a member of Montgomery's administrative staff. Distribution copies of this extraordinary message are very scarce and historic.

Lot: 428 - SOLDBUCH AND P.O.W. FILE OF GERMAN FROM 90TH INF'Y DIVISION

SOLDBUCH AND P.O.W. FILE OF GERMAN FROM 90TH INF'Y DIVISION A good grouping of material following the tracks of German Offz, Theo Bindokat, born 1915, a member of the valian German 90th Light Infantry Division, Panzer Abw. Abt. 10/4. Bindokat was captured May 13, 1943 This division was earmarked by Rommel to lead the attack on Tobruk. The division was also in the battles of Bir Hakeim as well as the First and Second battles of El Alamein. In the Tunesia Campaign, the division fought desperately until forced to surrender when they literally ran our of ground upon which to stand, surrendering to New Zealanders at Cap Bon the same day Bindokat surrendered. Included in this lot are three Basic Personnel Records, each for Bindokat, each 2pp. 8 x 8 in., bearing Bandokat's 'mug shots' and fingerprints, vital statistics, date of capture by 'engl. 8th Army', profession, etc., along with a list of all the camps in which he had been held, from Morocco to four or five other camps scattered across the American southwest. Also present is an 8vo. British P.O.W. form, May 17, 1946, showing Bindokat being received at a British POW camp on May 26, 1946, and finally being 'repatriated' on Aug. 9, 1947. Bindokat's 'denazified' soldbuch is included, the soldier having wisely obliterated the names of his senior officers and excising his war record. He does leave in his awards, which include Iron Crosses, First and Second Class. Lastly, there is a letter from a camp officer commending Bindokat on his good behavior, and a pass sent to a lady allowing her to visit the prisoner. Overall very good.

Lot: 429 - SPANISH CROSS RECIPIENT'S WEHRPASS

SPANISH CROSS RECIPIENT'S WEHRPASS Scarce Kriegsmarine 'wehrpass' once belonging to Spanish Cross recipient Kurt Boldauf, born Jan. 28, 1908, bearing his identification portrait showing him donning the Spanish Cross beneath his right breast. The documentation is fairly complete, tracking his service history from 1931 to 1940, and noting his reception of the Spanish Cross without Swords in Bronze on June 6, 1939. The documentation also indicates he served aboard the German cruiser Leipzig from 1935 to 1938, which participated in non-intervention patrols during the Spanish Civil War. First interior page regrettably torn, not impacting the photograph, covers disbound. Just good condition.

Lot: 430 - SS 'STURMBANNFUHRER-BUCH'

SS 'STURMBANNFUHRER-BUCH' An SS-issue 'Sturmbannfuhrer-buch', a 'work control book', 452pp. 8vo., a bound collection of many different assessments to be filled-out by an SS officer, apparently when examining either prospective members for the SS or those seeking promotion. Only three or four pages have been filled-out, else fine.

Lot: 431 - SS MAN CONDEMNS A COLLEAGUE...AND IS CONDEMNED HIMSELF!

Fine grouping of seven late-war signed letters, 7pp. total 4to., Jan. 13 to Dec. 28, 1944, in which SS-Untersturmfuhrer Hans Weissenbock, a teacher of racial policy and a German Cross in Gold recipient, first condemns a colleague for revealing state secrets and is then himself accused of an unspecified crime. In a Jan. 13 letter to Weissenbock, a Baden Kreisleiter asks for 'a detailed characted appraisal of Dr. Wittlinger...Party Member Dressl [is] at my disposal for interrogating Wittlinger. You need not therefore be afraid of acting in an unfriendly manner if...you express an opinion of a colleague at the National Political Training Institute...' On Jan. 20, Weissenbock responds: '...I cannot hide the truth on the subject of his less excellent characteristics...There are also occasions where he does not remember that he has heard certain things under the seal of secrecy...if a colleague stands in his way, [he] knows no kind feelings - he just walks over everything in front of him...' On Jan. 24, the head of the Institute sends a circular warning all teachers that character reports should only be sent to him personally. Another letter by one 'Kressl' on Feb. 1st also mentions he had been asked to obtain a report on Wittlinger. On Sep. 12, it appears that the situation has changed as the Director of the National Agricultural Institute writes to the accuser, Weissenbock, mentioning: '...the unjustified reproaches which have been heaped on you...you have great success in the training of the rising generation of our National Socialist leaders, and are also a highly decorated front line soldier...the schemers are to be found in circles close to you...I imagine that this intrigue can be traced back ultimately to Dr. Wittlinger...you have my full backing...' A Dec.18, 1944 letter from the NSDAP Department of Petitions for Mercy, sent to Weissenbock, states that the matter raised in his letter to the SS would be dealt with by the Police Court of Justice. Finally, in a Dec. 29, 1944 letter from the same NSDAP department to 'Petitioner for Mercy" SS-Unterscharfuhrer Hans Weissenbock, the court judges the matter 'in suspense' for ten days pending receipt of a letter on Weissenbock's character, financial standing, 'relationship with the movement and rendering any kind of service', and if any other action had been taken. What ultimately became of the treacherous Weissenbock is unknown.

Lot: 432 - SS MAN'S LETTERS TO GIRLFRIEND IN NORWAY SS HEADQUARTERS

SS MAN'S LETTERS TO GIRLFRIEND IN NORWAY SS HEADQUARTERS Lot of three letters (two typed, one A.L.S.) written by SS-Hauptscharfuhrer Helmut Schultz, serving under SS-Gruppenfuhrer Heinrich Jurs at the SS headquarters in Berlin, to Friedel Gehrmann from the offices of the commander of all SS troops in Norway, Friedrich Wilhelm Rediess (1900-1945). Interestingly signing all of his letters (all from 1944) as 'Oberstrolch' or slang for 'criminal', the contents are fairly nondescript but still are a bit revealing. He writes Friedel of his envy about how her new post must be wonderful with a real bed. He has a room but no real bed, and now air raid warnings come three times a day interrupting his work. The Allies have bombed Leipzig, and if Friedel was in Berlin now, she would not find it as pleasant. In another letter, he describes being in a 'bucket-brigade' helping to put out fires. He complains of his work load and the heat, which with constant air raid alarms make it impossible to sleep. More content, not fully translated.

Lot: 433 - SS MEMBERS OF 'FLORIAN GEYER' DIVISION (5)

SS MEMBERS OF 'FLORIAN GEYER' DIVISION (5) Lot of five muster roll documents detailing the information of SS members of the 8th SS Cavalry Division, also known as 'Florian Geyer.' Each 2pp. legal folio, [n.p.], 1943-44, containing the men's personal information and listing their military service. All at one point served in the Florian Geyer Division, an SS division known to be responsible for tens of thousands of civilian deaths on the Eastern Front mostly in the Soviet Union, and which later had multiple members indicted for war crimes. All have file holes at the left margin and are slightly toned.

Lot: 434 - SS OFFICER SEEKS A PROMOTION

SS OFFICER SEEKS A PROMOTION A good content T.L.S. by an SS officer seeking a promotion during the Anschluss in Austria, 2pp. legal folio, Berlin, April 8, 1938, written by Karl Schenk to Gauleiter Josef Burckel (1895-1944), explaining his qualifications and references. In part: '...I am giving you the following attached: my military and SS career, a certificate from SS Obergruppenfuhrer [Sepp] Dietrich, a certificate from SA Obergruppenfuhrer von Pfeffer for reference...As your colleague from the Saar era as a consultant at the border intelligence office...I am taking the liberty of making a polite inquiry today as to whether it is possible for me to return to the great task that our Fuhrer Adolf Hitler set through the incorporation of Austria into the German Reich. As an extremely disciplined worker I put all my skills and my rich experience in the field of economic defense, press and organization into the service of the cause...' Accompanied by a typed summary of Schenk's military career. File holes at the left margin, else fine. The Third Reich annexed Austria on March 12, 1938, when the Wehrmacht had entered the country completely unopposed. Two days following this letter, on April 10, there was a referendum passed with overwhelming support that ratified the annexation or 'Anschluss.' While Austrian support for Hitler and the Nazi party was very high, it is believed that the vote was heavily rigged in order obscure any evidence of dissent.

Lot: 435 - SS PROMOTION DOCUMENT

SS PROMOTION DOCUMENT Partly-printed D.S., 1p 4to., on official SS Headquarters letterhead, Berlin, June 18, 1943, official notice to SS-Scharfuhrer Hans Kuhling of SS-Panzer-Jager-Ausbildungs 1, Rastenburg of his promotion, signed at bottom by SS-Obersturmbannfuhrer KARL SCHNAGELBERGER. Fine.

Lot: 436 - SS-AUSWEIS ISSUED TO A MEMBER OF 27 SS-STANDARTE 'OSTMARK'

SS-AUSWEIS ISSUED TO A MEMBER OF 27 SS-STANDARTE 'OSTMARK' SS-Ausweis identification card issued to one Walter Jobke of 27 SS-Standarte 'Ostmark'. Jobke's photo portrait is attached, though a corner is lost, and the soldier failed to sign the document, though it is signed by an unidentified SS-Standartenfuhrer. This document was issued to 23 year-old Jobke in Munich on Mar. 12, 1934 and bears a Heinrich Himmler facsimile signature. Very good. The ausweis was a brilliantly-designed document, nearly impossible to counterfeit. The card is imprinted with a combined swastika and eagle/swastika motifs which are barely visible to the eye, which, combined with the blind embossed seal, make this ID very difficult to duplicate.

Lot: 437 - SS-FUHRER-AUSWEIS ISSUED TO A BRIGADEFUHRER

SS-FUHRER-AUSWEIS ISSUED TO A BRIGADEFUHRER Rare high-level SS-Fuhrer-Ausweis issued to (then) SS-Standartenfuhrer JOHANN (HANS) MORSCHEL, born 1880, SS membership no. 256,072. The two-sided 2.75 x 3.75 in partly-printed document bears a small portrait photo of Morschel, his Nazi Party and SS membership numbers, date of birth and date of issuance in Berlin, June 2, 1939. The document bears a facsimile signature of Heinrich Himmler, and is signed twice by an unidentified SS-Standartenfuhrer. The document also indicates that Morschel is permitted to carry a firearm. Morschel would later be promoted to SS-Brigadefuhrer and attached to SS-Oberabschnittes Nord (Kiel). He would become manager of the SS Equestrian School in Hamburg, after previously serving in the Landespolizei. Sold with a voluminous research file on Morschel. Some slight soiling and glue traces, else very good.

Lot: 438 - SUSPECTED WEREWOLF PRISONER INTERROGATION

SUSPECTED WEREWOLF PRISONER INTERROGATION A lengthy, fine content typed report marked 'Secret' at the top, an interrogation conducted by U.S. Army intelligence of a former German army officer suspected of being affiliated with the ‘Werwolf' organization. The report is 5pp. legal folio, [n.p., n.d], and quotes the interview of one Thilo von Werthen, in part: '...Subject does not make a bad impression. He is open and honest in stating his views, which are vehemently anti-Russian, and against those Germans who are ready to denounce others. He claims he has done nothing illegal, but states that he is only swayed by what he considers good for Germany, and that if MEMMINGER [a known Werewolf operative] had organized any illegal movement, program of which met with his approval, subject would certainly have joined it. He stresses however that things had not reached that state...von Werthen must be considered as typical as many other professional German officers...until more is known it is recommended he be provisionally interned as security threat...' Much more. Toned with edge wear and file holes to the left margin. 'Werwolf' refers to the Nazi plan to create a resistance that would operate behind enemy lines as the Allies advanced through Germany, and even afterwards. The extent to which the plan was successful is heavily debated, as some historians believe many of the actions associated with the 'Werwolf' were misconstrued as propaganda created by Joseph Goebbels.

Lot: 439 - TELETYPE MIMEOGRAPHS BEFORE THE SURRENDER OF JAPAN

Very informative lot of five decoded mimeographs from the headquarters of the U.S. Army Forces, Pacific Ocean Areas, bearing messages from the Japanese Imperial Government shortly before their surrender. These mimeographs were certainly created from original teletypes as 'reading copies' for use by government and Allied military officials. Too extensive to effectively summarize, just a small sampling of the most notable quotes includes: '...In Manchuria, Inner Mongolia and North Korea, the disarming of our forces is making progress...certain localities disarmed Japanese forces and civilians are being made victims of illegitimate firing, looting, actions of violence, rape and other outrages...The situation is certain to get out of control...it is requested to permit our forces to retain the necessary arms...until Japanese residents have been removed...the Japanese headquarters wishes to draw your attention to attacks on Japanese shipping still continues...the submarine engaged...belongs to the Soviet Union and did not reply to the signals sent...the Japanese Armed Forces...may be required to use the least necessary amount of unarmed airplanes...for various important liaison matters in connection with the prosecution of surrender requirements...There are in China at present, substantial numbers of Japanese subjects such as sick and wounded soldiers, the aged and women and children...either suffering from illness or wounds or from the lack of food or are exposed to the danger of plunder and violence...' Much more content. Sold with a typed message in cipher taken from the headquarters, 1p. 4to., stamped 'PRIORITY' at the center and reading 'ALASKA COMMUNICATION SYSTEM' at the side, not decoded by us. Potentially a great find. This lot was taken from a large number of teletypes and mimeographs brought home by Charles F. Hoff, a 'cryptographic message center officer' stationed at Headquarters Army Forces Middle Pacific, charged with sending and receiving messages from Washington to the Pacific, as well as coding and decoding classified documents. Consigned by a direct linear descendant, sold with a photocopy of a letter of provenance.

Lot: 440 - THE FINAL WEHRMACHT COMMUNIQUE OF WORLD WAR II, AS RECEIVED BY THE LAST GERMAN ARMY COMMANDER TO SURRENDER

THE FINAL WEHRMACHT COMMUNIQUE OF WORLD WAR II, AS RECEIVED BY THE LAST GERMAN ARMY COMMANDER TO SURRENDER "THE GERMAN ARMED FORCES HAVE GIVEN WAY – HONORABLY – TO AN OVERWHELMING SUPERIORITY OF STRENGTH" An important German military document, a message sent by German president Admiral Karl Donitz one day after the signing of the German surrender in Berlin, to the last German army

Lot: 441 - THE NAVY REPORTS THE DEATH OF FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT

THE NAVY REPORTS THE DEATH OF FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT Rare telegram printout headed 'FROM: SECNAV [Secretary of the Navy] TO: ALNAV [All Navy forces]', 1p. 4to., in which Secretary of the Navy James Forrestal transmits to all naval personnel news of F.D.R.'s death. In part: 'I have the sad duty of announcing to the naval service the death of Franklin Delano Roosevelt...The world has lost a champion of democracy who ill [sic] be spared by our country and the Allied cause...The Navy which he so dearly loved can pay no better tribute to his memory than to carry on...colors shall be displayed at half mast...insofar as was operations permit...Wearing of mourning badges and firing of salutes will be dispensed with in view of war conditions...'. Some light creasing, negligible spots of foxing, else fine.

Lot: 442 - THIRD REICH SECURITY SERVICE ARMBAND

THIRD REICH SECURITY SERVICE ARMBAND Scarce white cotton armband with black printed lettering 'Ordnungsdienst' ('Security Service'), 7.5 x 4.5 in., above an original issue mark from the Munich police headquarters. Unusually, the interior side bears the black dyed lettering 'Stadtwacht' ('Security Service') above an issue ink-stamp from a Munich police station, potentially indicating the armband was reversible and used by a member of both organizations. Scattered foxing, else fine.

Lot: 443 - U.S. COUNTER-INTELLIGENCE GUIDE FOR POSTWAR GERMANY

U.S. COUNTER-INTELLIGENCE GUIDE FOR POSTWAR GERMANY An interesting typed memorandum marked 'Secret' and 'Confidential' throughout, issued by the U.S. Army Counterintelligence Section, 13pp. 4to. [n.p.], November 24, 1944, a guide for conducting counterintelligence operations as the Allied push into Germany continues. Notable sections include: 'Attitude of Civilians', 'Politics and Religion', 'Keeping Informants under Cover', 'Grilling Suspects', 'Resistance Groups', and much more. File holes, and chipping to the top margins, paper is very thin with scattered stains.

Lot: 444 - U.S.S. MISSOURI DOCUMENT GROUPING

U.S.S. MISSOURI DOCUMENT GROUPING A fine group of items from a U.S. Navy seaman who was aboard the USS Missouri on the day the Japanese Instrument of Surrender was signed on the vessel's deck. Included is a T.L.S., 1p. 4to., USS Missouri, October 11, 1945, sent by the sailor Marvin Rhodes, to a friend in Washington D.C. He writes in part: '...First of all I would like to tell you that this letter is strictly between you and me...I am one of the yeomen in the Captain's office aboard the Missouri...I sort of took it upon myself to send you a couple of the articles they gave us fellows who happened to be aboard the day the surrender was signed...The ship puts out this paper once a month...The little folder was something special for the occasion...I hope you like them...' Accompanied by the two documents mentioned by Rhodes, namely a September 10, 1945 copy of the ship's newspaper 'The Missourian' with a headline about the surrender, and a small pamphlet titled 'USS Missouri, Scene of Japanese Surrender' containing images from the day of the signing. Conditions vary but mostly good. Three items.

Lot: 445 - WAFFEN SS 'STAMMKARTENS' (3)

WAFFEN SS 'STAMMKARTENS' (3) Lot of three 'stammkartens' ('mastercards') of Waffen SS members bearing their personal information, service history, etc. The three individuals served in the 2nd, 5th, and 9th SS Standartes respectively, and attended 'fuhrerschules' which were elite boarding schools run by the SS during the Nazi regime whose aim was to indoctrinate young people with their ideologies. Most notably, the service record on one card bears the word 'Dachau' indicating that he may at one point been a guard at the Dachau concentration camp. All have file holes at the top and left margins.

Lot: 446 - WAFFEN-SS EMPLOYMENT CONTRACT

WAFFEN-SS EMPLOYMENT CONTRACT Employment contract for a member of the Waffen-SS, 1p. large 4to., Wolterdingen, May 10, 1935. SS-Unterscharfuhrer Heinrich Steingrube, born in Hannover in 1907, signs a four-year contract with the SS. Steingrube boldly pens his signature twice, also signed by an unidentified SS-Sturmbannfuhrer. Very good. Steingrube, SS-Number 5 478, would achieve the rank of SS-Obersturmfuhrer in SS-Standarte 'Germania'. We also know that he was wounded in the defense of Arnhem during Operation Market Garden.

Lot: 447 - (PEARL HARBOR) 21ST INFANTRY HAWAIIAN PHOTOGRAPH ALBUMS SERVICE PHOTOGRAPH ALBUMS

(PEARL HARBOR) 21ST INFANTRY HAWAIIAN PHOTOGRAPH ALBUMS SERVICE PHOTOGRAPH ALBUMS A superb grouping of photograph albums, insignia, and related ephemera compiled by an unidentified sergeant attached to the U.S. Army's 21st Infantry Regiment, based at Schofield Barracks adjacent to Wheeler Airfield in Honolulu. The albums are accompanied by two copies of the Hilo Tribune Herald, May 17 and 19, and June 7 and 9, 1941, placing the albums' owner in Hawaii at a minimum of only seven months before the Japanese attacks. These excellent albums contain over 350 original photographs, 2.5 x 3.5 in. to 7.5 x 9.25 in., with images showing scenes of Schofield Barracks and buildings thereat, Wheeler Airfield with aircraft parked outside the hangars to 'protect' them from sabotage, stunning images of aircraft in flight, machine gun practice and jungle training, men in uniform and on leave, military vehicles, street scenes in Honolulu and Hilo, commercial vessels, hula dancers, beaches, etc with additional images from Fort McDowell in California, Fort Slocum in New York, the Panama Canal. 175+ of the images are military in nature. The vast majority of the photos show enlisted men and NCOs enjoying their idyllic lifestyle in the year that would prove to be the 'calm before the storm'. WITH: three rolled group photos, one 16 x 6.5 in. showing men before a signed reading 'KCM REGULARS - HAWAII' and beneath a barracks sign reading: 'PERMANENT DETACHMENT BARRACKS', the second photograph 20 x 8 in., showing 'CO. H 21ST INFANTRY SCHOFIELD BARRACKS, T.H. - 1939'; the third photograph 16 x 3.5 in. showing men in uniform standing at attention before staff cars and ambulances. WITH: two 8 x 10 in. photographs of the soldier, one in uniform, along with his sergeant's shoulder insignia, overseas service bars, collar discs, Purple Heart, Good Conduct, and American Service Defense ribbons, etc. WITH: the 21st regimental history: 'The Story of a Regiment', by Capt. Judson M. Smith (Honolulu: Advertiser Publishing Co.), 1940. 148pp. 4to. in blue and green cloth. A fine history of the 21st through the Civil War, Indian Wars, and Spanish-American War, to the current day as the author describes the regiments sojourn in its 'Mid-Pacific Paradise'. He notes: '...To and fro in the narrow entrance to Pearl Harbor sleek gray warships pass...that Fleet is safe just so long as Pearl Harbor is protected...Lethargy, indeed, insofar as it means existing combat, is imposed upon us....' This 'lethargy' would be dissipated a few months later, as Schofield Barracks, Wheeler Airfield, and the 'sleek, gray warships' of the Pacific Fleet were blasted by the Japanese attack. Overall fine condition.

Lot: 448 - 'DER KAMPF IM WESTEN' STEREO SLIDES

'DER KAMPF IM WESTEN' STEREO SLIDES Lot of 86 different stereo slides from 'Der Kampf im Westen', issued by Raumbild-Verlag Otto Schonstein, Munich, each slide 5 x 2.25 in.. Sold with a Carl Zeiss standing slide viewer with leather case, though the viewer may or may not work with the slides depending on one's eyesight...and imagination. Overall fine.

Lot: 449 - 'HORIZONTAL COLLABORATION' POSTCARDS

A great pair of period postcards featuring photos of likely French women who were accused of 'Horizontal Collaboration', the act of having a romantic or sexual relationship with German soldiers during the occupation periods. Each 4 x 6 in., b/w, depicting lines of women with their heads shaved, supposed to signify their treachery. Both slightly creased else fine.

Lot: 450 - (BERNILE NIENAU - HITLER'S JEWISH 'CHILD') HOFFMANN PHOTOGRAPH

Scarce photo postcard by Hitler's photographer Heinrich Hoffmann, each 3.5 x 5.5 in., showing Hitler with a young girl visiting him at the Berghof, both clearly pleased to be in each other's company. Light crease at left edge, else near fine. The girl was ROSA BERNILE NIENAU (1926-1943), called 'Bernile' who became known as 'the Fuhrer's child' because of her close contact with Adolf Hitler. Soon after their introduction, it was discovered that the girl, a favorite of Hitler, was one-quarter Jewish, yet Hitler refused to sever his relationship with her until years later when her mother was ordered to cease all contact with upper-level Nazis.

Lot: 451 - ADOLF HITLER PHOTOGRAPHS (6)

ADOLF HITLER PHOTOGRAPHS (6) A lot of six photographs, some bearing 'Associated Press Photo' stamps and typed captions, varying sizes, b/w, all images of Adolf Hitler. Scenes include Hitler with U.S. Olympian Helen Stephens, at the opening of the Party Museum in Munich, meeting with Hungarian Prime Minister Doeme Sztojoy, walking with Himmler and Fegelein, shaking hands with Goering on New Year's, and finally posing in a parade. Conditions vary but mostly good, a few have been used postally on the verso. Six photos.

Lot: 452 - DANISH LIBERATION BOOK

DANISH LIBERATION BOOK A Danish publication titled 'Vor Vej Til 5. Maj' ('Our Road to May 5th'), (Aalborg: Amtstidendes Forlag), 1945, 304pp. 4to., detailing the years of occupation and liberation of Denmark, with images. Moderately worn with stains.

Lot: 453 - DESIGNER OF THE REICHSADLER - KURT SCHMID-EHMEN

A fine archive of photographs and documents related to the work of notable Third Reich sculptor KURT SCHMID-EHMEN (1901-1968), who designed monumental 'Reichsadler' eagle sculptures for the German Pavilion at the 1937 Paris Exhibition, the Reich Party Rally Grounds in Nuremberg and the 'Fedherrnhalle', and is credited with originating the design. The lot includes four original 3.25 x 4.5 photographs of the Reich Party Grounds, three of which show Schmid-Ehmen at work on the giant stone eagle installed thereat, two bearing Heinrich Hoffman back stamps; a group of seven approx. 6 1/2 x 8 in. photographs featuring images of Schmid-Ehmen's bust sculpture of Gauleiter and Deputy Prime Minister of Bavaria ADOLF WAGNER (1890-1944), showing it at various angles, printed on period-correct Agfa-Brovira paper, all smeared with traces of grey clay, indicating that they were used by Schmid-Ehmen as artist's references during the sculpting of the bust; a group of five b/w photo prints, ranging in size from 4 3/4 x 6 1/2 in. to 7 x 9 1/2 in. showing the resulting bust of Wagner as both the clay original and the final bronze copy, all again printed on period paper; a 12 x 15 1/2 in. print of Schmid-Ehmen's sculpture 'The Spear Carrier', which was later purchased by Adolf Hitler, unfortunately marred by a heavy horizontal crease; two 4 1/2 x 3 1/2 in. snapshots showing Schmid-Ehman viewing two additional sculptures; a 3 1/4 x 4 1/2 in. snapshot showing Adolf Wagner with an unidentified woman; a 3 1/2 x 4 in. snapshot showing two unidentified women, likely Schmid-Ehmen's wife and mother; and a 6 1/2 x 7 1/2 in. b/w/ photo portrait presenting a bust view of Schmid-Ehmen, likely taken immediately postwar. The lot is rounded out by three documents related to Schmid-Ehmen and his family, including a D.S., 1p. oblong 8vo., Munich, May 29, 1945, Hetty Schmid-Ehmen's 'Ausweis' issued by the American captors of the city one month following its fall. WITH: partly-printed D.S., 1p. oblong 12mo., Munich, July 6, 1945, a slip confirming that Kurt Schmid-Ehmen has registered himself with the police; and a war-date insurance card for a woman, on which Hetty Schmid-Ehmen is listed as the holder's employer. Several modern prints of photos showing Schmid-Ehmen and his work are also present. Overall, a fine grouping giving insight into the working process of one of the most notable sculptors of the Third Reich.

Lot: 454 - GRAPHIC WORLD WAR II PHOTOS (9)

GRAPHIC WORLD WAR II PHOTOS (9) A horrifying lot of nine period photographs depicting graphic scenes of bodies from World War II, varying sizes, b/w, including piles of dead in various locations. Conditions vary but mostly fine.

Lot: 455 - GRETL BRAUN WEDDING PHOTO

GRETL BRAUN WEDDING PHOTO A great English press photograph, 8 x 10 in., b/w, depicting the wedding ceremony which took place on June 3, 1944, between Eva Braun's sister Gretl and her husband SS General Hermann Fegelein, the service being conducted by Heinrich Himmler. A caption on the verso explains the pair had no religious ceremony, only one conducted by Nazi Party officials. Slightly creased, else fine condition. It is generally believed that Fegelein's marriage to Gretl was purely politically motivated to advance his position in Hitler's circle.

Lot: 456 - HITLER CONGRATULATES A GERMAN OLYMPIAN

A great Associated Press photograph, 9 x 7 in., b/w, New York, August 8, 1936, depicting Adolf Hitler congratulating German Olympian Tilly Fleischer (1911-2005) after her victory in the women's javelin throw. Standing around Hitler are other Nazi officials including Foreign Minister Joachim von Ribbentrop, Reich Sports Leader Hans von Tschammer und Osten, and most notably Luftwaffe commander Hermann Goring dressed in civilian clothes. The original press label is tipped on the verso. Some very light creases, else fine. Fleischer became the first German woman to win an Olympic gold medal for her javelin throw and was afterwards taken to meet Hitler with two other medalists. The Fuhrer was afterwards warned by Olympic officials that heads of state were not permitted to do such a thing, which was put forward as the reason Hitler refused to shake hands with American gold medalist Jesse Owens.

Lot: 457 - MISCELLANEOUS WAR PHOTOGRAPHS (31)

MISCELLANEOUS WAR PHOTOGRAPHS (31) Lot of 31 photographs of Allied and German soldiers during World War II, varying sizes, b/w, depicting scenes of Americans invading Italy, a German motorcade led by Herman Goering, Italian landmarks, the Nuremberg Trials, battlefield carnage, and posing soldiers of both sides. Some bear typed captions attached to the face. Conditions vary but mostly good.

Lot: 458 - MISCELLANEOUS WAR PHOTOGRAPHS (33)

MISCELLANEOUS WAR PHOTOGRAPHS (33) A good lot of 33 presumed first-generation photographs, varying sizes, b/w, some dated between 1941-44, showing German soldiers in various settings. Scenes include regiments marching in formation, in winter conditions, firing rifles and artillery, in destroyed towns, and more. Conditions vary, some creased, yet overall good.

Lot: 459 - MISCELLANEOUS WAR PHOTOS (13)

MISCELLANEOUS WAR PHOTOS (13) Lot of twelve photographs, some bearing press stamps, featuring various scenes from the World War II era, varying sizes, b/w, including German soldiers advancing through towns, large Allied escorts of German prisoners, Hermann Goering inspecting horses, a Nazi flag flying over the Austrian embassy in Washington D.C., and more. Conditions vary but mostly good. Thirteen photos.

Lot: 460 - MISCELLANEOUS WORLD WAR II PHOTOS (50)

MISCELLANEOUS WORLD WAR II PHOTOS (50) A good lot of approx. 50 period photographs depicting various scenes of the World War II era, varying sizes, b/w, showing soldiers of both sides posing, riding transports, walking through destroyed cities, landmarks of German cities, and more. Conditions vary but mostly fine.

Lot: 461 - MISCELLANEOUS WORLD WAR II PHOTOS (50)

MISCELLANEOUS WORLD WAR II PHOTOS (50) A good lot of approx. 50 period photographs depicting various scenes of the World War II era, varying sizes, b/w, showing soldiers of both sides posing, airplanes in flight, scenes of destroyed cities, monuments and notable places around Germany, tanks, civilians in the streets, and more. Conditions vary but mostly fine.

Lot: 462 - NAVAJO SOLDIER’S PHOTO GROUPING (15)

Lot of fifteen photographs featuring scenes of an Allied soldier stationed in the Pacific Theater of World War II, varying sizes, b/w, showing the same soldier posing around camps, with fellow service men, scenes of planes on the ground and in the air, and most notably three show Allied soldiers holding captured Japanese flags. Conditions vary but mostly good. Accompanied by a dog tag for a Navajo soldier named Ralph Massaro, most likely the man pictured multiple times.

Lot: 463 - PHOTO ALBUM FROM ESCORT CARRIER USS SANTEE WITH KAMIKAZE ATTACK

Expansive 62-page photo album from a storekeeper aboard the U.S.S. SANTEE, JOSEPH KIST, including approx. 121 original and reprint photographs, many annotated on the back and many taken during naval combat. The most notable images include: a photograph of four dead crew members killed after a Kamikaze attack against the SANTEE on Oct 25, 1944 - the first kamikaze attack on the vessel, according to Kist's notes on the verso; an image of a battle-worn sailor carrying an injured crew member up a flight of stairs; an image of the SANTEE'S damaged flight deck following a kamikaze attack; numerous images of recently-attacked ships, many still smoking; nine images of war-torn buildings, likely in Japan; and more routine images of the crew. The album includes other notable documents and ephemera, including Kist's facsimile copy of the vessel's Presidential Unit Citation; his 'honorable discharge' certificate, dated Feb. 13, 1946, a certificate of appreciation issued to him by the State of New Jersey; an unofficial chart showing the course and military service of the USS SANTEE, marking the ship's movements, places of liberty, etc., more. Very good condition. The SANTEE and her attached air squadrons served in the New Guinea campaign, the invasion of Okinawa, Iwo Jima, and the Battle of Leyte Gulf, following which her crew was awarded a Presidential Unit Citation for continued operations and continuing anti-aircraft fire despite '...the shattering explosion of a suicide plane in her flight deck and a torpedo hit in her side...'

Lot: 464 - SQUADRON VF-9 - USS LEXINGTON AND USS YORKTOWN

SQUADRON VF-9 - USS LEXINGTON AND USS YORKTOWN Superb collection of first generation 3.75 x 5 in. b/w combat photographs attributed to aircraft of the famous Hellcat pilots of Squadron VF-9 which largely operated from the USS LEXINGTON and USS YORKTOWN. The photos, all taken from the air, are mounted within a period 12 x 14.5 in. scrapbook. The images include the sunken Japanese warships NAGATO, HYUGA,and HABUNA, as well as transports and smaller warships, attacks on Tokyo, Hong Kong, airfields, port facilities, and railroads, etc. A veteran rather carelessly labeled each at the top white margin in black marker which barely intrudes, else fine.

Lot: 465 - SS SOLDIER'S PHOTOGRAPH ALBUM

SS SOLDIER'S PHOTOGRAPH ALBUM Photograph album compiled by an SS soldier, 6.5 x 4.25 in. overall, containing within 29 photographs, each 3.75 x 2.5 in., depicting the soldier with his comrades in an artillery unit. The men are obviously attached to an artillery unit and working in horrific conditions, probably late in the war. Earlier images show them marching, probably in the fall, and receiving orders. The majority of the photos show the soldier and his comrades struggling to pull heavy artillery pieces, including an 88, through mud-filled streets without the assistance of a truck or even a team of horses! An image of the album's owner is affixed to the front pastedown. Some of the images bear marginal defects, else very good.

Lot: 466 - WORLD WAR II DESTRUCTION PHOTOS (50)

WORLD WAR II DESTRUCTION PHOTOS (50) A good lot of approx. 50 period photographs depicting scenes of destruction in Germany, varying sizes, b/w, showing soldiers and citizens walking through destroyed buildings and streets, debris near the Berlin Cathedral, broken power lines and railroad tracks, large craters from bombings, and more. Conditions vary but mostly good.

Lot: 467 - WORLD WAR II PHOTO POSTCARDS (11)

WORLD WAR II PHOTO POSTCARDS (11) A good lot of eleven vintage postcards of various scenes and monuments in Germany, each 4 x 6 in., b/w, printed in Berlin by Robert Prager. Notable scenes include the Brandenburg Gate, the Lustgarten Museum, the Reichstag, the Honor Hall, the Reich Chancellery, and more. All slightly toned, some have untranslated inscriptions on the verso.

Lot: 468 - SAARLAND PHOTO ALBUM

SAARLAND PHOTO ALBUM An interesting hardcover photo album titled 'Autotour: Trier and Saargebiet, Autumn 1935' containing approx. 200 b/w photographs, varying sizes, detailing sites and landmarks in Germany between the two locations, most featuring Nazi symbolism. At the end there are also photos of German soldiers shooting, firing artillery, and various military formations. Conditions vary but mostly fine. Following the conclusion of World War I, a mandate by the League of Nations created the territory of the Saar Basin, a region of Germany occupied and governed by England and France. It remained under their rule until March of 1935 when a plebiscite was held, and the population voted to be reunified with Germany. Many of the locations shown in this album are in what was the League of Nations territory, and show locations littered with swastikas and other Nazi symbols since it was regained by Germany a few months prior. In addition to this, since many are taken in the same areas, the military photos towards the end attest to the Nazi's rearmament of the Rhineland, one of the many acts of aggression that would lead to the outbreak of World War II.

Lot: 469 - JEHOVAH'S WITNESS IS ARRESTED AND SENT TO CONCENTRATION CAMP

JEHOVAH'S WITNESS IS ARRESTED AND SENT TO CONCENTRATION CAMP Voluminous Gestapo file with original covers concerning one Harm Focken, a member of the International Bible Students Association (which later evolved into the Jehovah's Witnesses), persecuted by the Nazis and eventually sent to Sachsenhausen concentration camp under 'protective custody' and almost certain death. The files contains

Lot: 470 - SS WEHRPASS OF A GUARD AT LITZMANNSTADT, BUCHENWALD AND FLOSSENBURG

SS WEHRPASS OF A GUARD AT LITZMANNSTADT, BUCHENWALD AND FLOSSENBURG Scarce and important wehrpass and SS-Uberwachungscarte (or personnel card) issued to SS-Scharfuhrer Otto Zielonka, born in Upper Silesia on July 27, 1912. The wehrpass was issued on Dec. 16, 1940 in Kattowitz and Zielonka's photo shows him wearing and SS overseas cap with side eagle and vertical skull collar tab. He first served on Nov. 28, 1939 with 7/10 SS-Totenkopf Litzmannstadt - about the same time that the Jewish ghetto there was established, where he remained for almost eight months. On Mar. 30, 1940 he was with II/10 SS-Totenkopf Buchenwald. After a brief stay at the SS facilities in Dachau and with a Sanitats Batallion in Prague, Zielonka was assigned to the SS-HFVA in Berlin until June, 1944. One interesting note shows separation pay from Sonder Batallion SS-Totekopf Prag, Feb. 7, 1941. This unit guarded Flossenburg sub-camp Hradistko and is was charged with the murder of 120 prisoners there. Zielonka's personnel card reiterates much of the information found in the wehrpass. The Wehrpass bears moderate to heavy water damage, primarily to the covers and first few pages, the personnel card is scorched and stained. More details upon request.

Lot: 471 - FEMALE SS GUARD'S IDENTITY CARD FROM RAVENSBRUCK

FEMALE SS GUARD'S IDENTITY CARD FROM RAVENSBRUCK An excessively rare female 'SS-Helferin' guard's identity card ('ausweis') issued by the commandant of the notorious Ravensbruck concentration camp, a concentration camp largely exclusively for women in the German Reich. The 5.75 x 4 in. beige card 'Nr. 791' attests that 'Fraulein Martha Siegert: '...is a member of Concentration Camp Ravensbruck...All public organs must ensure their protection and help...' Lorenzen has signed the card beneath her portrait photograph which is tied to the card with the camp's official stamp. The card is additionally signed by the notorious camp commander, SS-Sturmbannfuhrer FRITZ SUHREN (1908-1950). Suhren's policy upon taking command in 1942 was to exterminate the prisoners through working them as hard as possible and feeding them as little as possible. He also provided inmates to Dr. Karl Gebhardt for experimentation, included exposing women to high levels of x-rays in order to accomplish sterilization. Captured by the Americans in 1949, Suhren was tried and hanged.

Lot: 472 - MILITARY INTELLIGENCE PHOTOGRAPHS OF DACHAU

MILITARY INTELLIGENCE PHOTOGRAPHS OF DACHAU A startling collection of 21 color slides (18 original) taken by Combat Intelligence Center (CIC) officer Robert C. Richards of sights he encountered immediately after the liberation of Dachau, Hitler's Kelsteinhaus, Gen. Franz Ritter von Epp's residence, fellow agents, etc. Nine of the slides show scenes at Dachau immediately after its liberation, and include heaps of bodies of murdered prisoners, fumigation of a soldier leaving the camp, and the body of an SS soldier killed by either prisoners or the camp's American liberators. Three slides show the Kelsteinhaus at Berchtesgaden, with an interior of Gen. Franz Ritter von Epp's home. Victor de Guinzbourg, a fellow intelligence agent, liaison officer with the French Foreign Legion and political adviser to Gen. Alexander M. Patch, is shown in several images, two notably in one of Hitler's Mercedes open cars, repurposed as an American military staff car and appropriately so painted. Also included is a slide showing an unfortunate German agent parachuted into France and caught by CIC with transmitters - and no doubt bound for a firing squad. All but three of the slides are original, some in their original wartime metal mounts, others remounted. Many are annotated, presumably by Richards himself. Three slides are marked as duplicates.

Lot: 473 - 'BUNDE' FOR JEWS IN GERMANY DONATION CARDS

'BUNDE' FOR JEWS IN GERMANY DONATION CARDS Rare pair of donation books issued to two family members, both of whom supported the Central Committee for Aid and Development, Reichs Representation Organization of Jews in Germany. The booklets, 5.75 x 4 in., show that two members of the 'Rosenwald' family made regular 50 pfennig donations, as evidenced by adhesive stamps placed withing the booklets. The stamps themselves often show various Jewish themes. Very good.

Lot: 474 - 'DAS JUDENTUM IN DER MUSIK'

'DAS JUDENTUM IN DER MUSIK' A fine hardcover first edition copy of 'Das Judentum in Der Musik' ('Judaism in Music') by Zionist author Heinrich Berl (Deutsche Verlags-Anstalt: Berlin) 1926, 244pp. 8vo., ironically named after an anti-Semitic essay by Richard Wagner, the book tries to establish a Jewish musical tradition by highlighting the orientalism of Jewish music and artists. While not Jewish himself, Berl allied himself with a fellow contemporary Zionist named Martin Buber and spent much of the 1920s holding pro- Jewish lectures and conferences. Accompanied by the original dust jacket that has minor edge wear, but over all very good.

Lot: 475 - 'DAS JUDISCHE KOMPLATT' ANTI-SEMITIC CARD

'DAS JUDISCHE KOMPLATT' ANTI-SEMITIC CARD A scarce anti-Semitic card from the 'Parole Der Woche' ('Slogan of the Week') propaganda newspaper titled 'Das Judische Komplatt' ('The Jewish Plot'), 4 x 3 in., (Munich: Zentralverlag der NSDAP). The card is illustrated with a very derogatory, stereotypical caricature of a Jew at the center of a conspiratorial web purporting to trace the Jewish influences on Roosevelt, Churchill, and Stalin. The image is bordered by passages vilifying prominent Jews supposedly involved in this global conspiracy, including Fiorello La Guardia, Henry Morgenthau, Lazar Kaganovich, Leslie Hore-Belisha, and others, concluding at bottom right: 'To destroy Bolshevism means to finally shatter the Jewish conspiracy for the life of the German people. Germany knows only one word: Victory!' Fine condition.

Lot: 476 - 'DER EWIGE JUDE' POSTCARD

'DER EWIGE JUDE' POSTCARD Vibrant anti-Semitic postcard from the infamous Nazi exhibition ‘The Eternal Jew' by Joseph Goebbels, 4 x 6 in., displayed at the German Museum in Munich from 1937-38. The front depicts a caricatured Jew holding coins and a whip, while the verso has been used postally. Fine condition.

Lot: 477 - 'DER STURMER' ADVERTISES TO THE S.A.!

Very scarce advertisement for Julius Striecher's anti-Semitic publication, specifically appealing to the stormtroopers of the S.A. The center bears an image of an eagle grasping a snake covered in 'stars of David' from a sea of swastika banners, with a profile image of an S.A. man at right, This clearly referencing the role of each group in 'weeding out' Jews from the hordes of Nazi sympathizers in Germany. The image is headed: 'SA and Sturmer march and fight together!' The bottom section bears a caustic plea in German towards members of the SA: 'SA-Comrades! 'Der Sturmer'...gives you the tools you need for the fight...shoulder to shoulder with our Fuhrer Adolf Hitler against the Jews. Read the 'Sturmer' regularly...' The bottom reads: 'Without a resolution of the Jewish question, there is no redemption of humanity!' Some staining at upper-left, else very good.

Lot: 478 - 'EINSATZGRUPPEN' SECRET REPORT ON JEWS

'EINSATZGRUPPEN' SECRET REPORT ON JEWS Ca. 1960 photocopy of a secret war date report published by the Chief of the Secret German Police or 'Einsatzgruppen' regarding Jews and political prisoners as well as the establishment of ghettos during Operation Barbarossa, 15pp 8vo., originally published in Berlin, July 9th, 1941. Notable excerpts in part: '...For preventative reasons, 5 former communist functionaries were arrested by the Munich police center...the number...has increased to 341...At present, Minsk is still a war zone...In all cities of Belarus mentioned liquidation was carried out to functionaries of the state and party apparatus. The Jews were treated in the same way according to the orders. The number of ticks for the liquidation has not yet been determined...the population is immensely impressed by the invasion of the troops...The mood of the population is good and friendly towards Germans...The Lithuanian branches...have been commissioned to continuously compile lists of the names of Jews in Vilnius, first of all the intelligentsia, political activists, and wealthy Jews. As a result searches and arrests are carried out continuously...93 Jews liquidated, the tangible Jewish property was secured...The establishment of a Jewish quarter is being prepared. At the suggestion of the EK, the mainly Jewish quarter is declared a restricted area for members of the Wehrmacht...' Most pages trimmed around the margins, creased and slightly toned.

Lot: 479 - 'EINSATZGRUPPEN' SECRET REPORT ON JEWS

'EINSATZGRUPPEN' SECRET REPORT ON JEWS Ca. 1960 photocopy of a horrifying war date report published by the Chief of the Secret German Police or 'Einsatzgruppen' regarding the execution of Jews on the Eastern Front. 7pp. 4to., originally published in Berlin, July 11, 1941. Notable excerpts in part: '...the Stapo Tilsit carried out further large-scale operations in the Lithuanian border area. So on July 2nd in Tauroggen 133 people, on July 3rd in Georgenburg 322 people (including 5 women). Augustowo 316 people shot (including 10 women) and 68 people in Mariampol. The following executions were also carried out...Schirwindt...192 persons...Laugazargen...122 persons...Memel...63 persons...so far a total on 1743 people shot...For the time being, the Lithuanian people are consistently German friendly...their aid extends mainly to the detection and transfer of Lithuanian communists...and Jews. After the withdrawal of the Red Army, the population of Kovno killed around 2500 Jews in a spontaneous survey...all corpses have been disposed of...Requirements for a reorganization: The establishment of a Jewish ghetto, the identification of all Jews with a yellow star...the relocation must be completed in four weeks...if necessary the Jews will be shot...' and much more graphic content. Most pages trimmed around the margin and toned.

Lot: 480 - 'FRAGEGEBOGEN' OF A JEWISH DENTIST

'FRAGEGEBOGEN' OF A JEWISH DENTIST An official World War II era 'fragegebogen' ('questionnaire') in Polish filled out by a Jewish dental technician named Izrael Rozen living in occupied Poland, 3pp. 9.25 x 12. 5 in., Warsaw, [n.y. but between 1939-45], including an identification photo, and his personal and employment information. His religious affiliation is labeled as 'Mojzesz' ('Moses' in Polish) denoting the Jewish faith. Moderately toned with edge wear.

Lot: 481 - 'J' STAMPED PASSPORT OF A GERMAN MERCHANT

'J' STAMPED PASSPORT OF A GERMAN MERCHANT Passport issued to a German merchant named 'Richard Moser', bearing a large red 'J' on the first page. The 'reisepass' was issued to the 58-year-old Moser in Duisberg on December 22, 1938, still bearing his identification photograph and particulars on the adjoining page. His occupation is labeled as 'kaufmann' ('merchant'). Pages 10 and 11 bear visa stamps showing that he was cleared to travel to Australia by way of the United Kingdom, and he arrived there on March 13, 1939. Lightly worn else fine condition.

Lot: 482 - 'J' STAMPED PASSPORT OF A POLISH MERCHANT

'J' STAMPED PASSPORT OF A POLISH MERCHANT Passport issued to a Polish merchant 'Erich Simon', bearing a large, red 'J' on the first page. The 'reisepass' was issued to the 39-year-old Simon in Jastrow on December 19, 1938, still bearing his identification photograph and particulars on the adjoining page. He is labeled as a 'kaufmann' ('merchant'). The seventh page bears a visa ink stamp dated January 10, 1939 certifying travel to Australia by way of the United Kingdom. Subsequent stamps show that he traveled through France, Egypt, Pakistan, India, and Burma before finally arriving in Darwin on February 2, 1939. Lightly worn, else fine condition.

Lot: 483 - 'J' STAMPED PASSPORTS OF A GERMAN FAMILY

'J' STAMPED PASSPORTS OF A GERMAN FAMILY A great pair of passports issued to a German merchant and his wife 'Kurt and Fran Huppert' respectively each bearing a large red 'J' on the first pages. Kurt's reisepass was issued to him in Duisberg on December 21, 1938, with his occupation listed as 'Kauf. Angestellter' ('Merchant employee'), while Fran's was issued in Cologne on December 28, 1938, with her occupation of 'ohne' ('without'). Both bear their identification photos and particulars on the first two adjoining pages. Importantly, Fran's information mentions she has two children accompanying her, 'Inge Huppert' age 6, and 'Heinz Huppert' age one. Pages 6 and 7 of both show that they were granted travel to Australia through the United Kingdom in Cologne on December 29, 1938. Subsequent stamps show that they made stops in Belgium, Bombay, and Colombo before finally arriving in Australia on February 7, 1939. Both are slightly worn with chipping to the covers. Overall good condition.

Lot: 484 - 'J'-STAMPED PASSPORT OF A CZECH CAR SALESMAN AND HIS SON

'J'-STAMPED PASSPORT OF A CZECH CAR SALESMAN AND HIS SON Passport issued to a Czech car salesman named 'Peter Halphen', bearing a large, red 'J' on the first page. The 'reisepass' was issued to 35-year-old Halphen in Prague on January 20, 1939, and still bears his identification photograph. The following page includes his particulars, with the mention that he has a one-year-old son named Georg. Page six is stamped by a British immigration officer in Croydon granting him travel through the United Kingdom to Australia on December 31st, 1938. Page seven shows a stamp admitting him into Canada on January 7, 1939, and page eight shows him arriving in Sydney on February 10th. Fine condition.

Lot: 485 - 'J'-STAMPED PASSPORT OF AN AUSTRIAN MERCHANT

'J'-STAMPED PASSPORT OF AN AUSTRIAN MERCHANT Passport issued to an Austrian merchant named Hans Felix Bettleheim, bearing a large red 'J' on the first page. The 'reisepass' was issued to 30-year-old Bettelheim in Vienna on February 13, 1939, and still bears his identification photograph. The following page contains his personal information. Page nine shows he was granted passage to Australia via the United Kingdom and left London on March 11, 1939, via the RMS Otranto. Pages 12 and 13 bear stamps of his arrival at the Port of Colombo and finally at Freemantle on April 11, 1939. Bettelheim would live in Australia until is death in 1965. Fine condition.

Lot: 486 - PRISONER'S DEATH CERTIFICATE FROM MAUTHAUSEN

PRISONER'S DEATH CERTIFICATE FROM MAUTHAUSEN Death certificate issued and signed by SS-Obersturmführer DR. KARL MATZ who served as Chief Medical Doctor at the Mauthausen concentration camp from 1939-40, 1p. 8vo., 'Konz. Lager Mauthausen', October, 1939. The certificate concerns the death of one Franz Pfeiffer, an 'unskilled laborer' 44 years old, with a primary cause of death listed as 'stomach cancer', secondary causes of death being cardiac and circulatory weakness', the most common excuse offred by camps when prisoners were murdered or worked to death in the granite quarries nearby. Fine condition.

Lot: 487 - 'ONWARD CHRISTIAN SOLDIERS!' ANTI-SEMITIC BROADSIDE

1939 Anti-Semitic broadside, 1p. 8.5 x 14 in., printed in New York and issued by 'The American Eagles'. The tract is headed: 'The Jewish Hymn Onward Christian Soldiers 'To Make the World Safe' for Communistic Jewry!...The only people who want war are - THE JEWS! Will the Jews do the fighting? No! They will make the profits! But hundreds of thousands of Christian American boys are to be killed or crippled and blinded on the altar of Jewish communism...Moscow's Jew-Communist Loyalists in Spain...' Much more hateful rhetoric. Chip at top, folds. Author Robert Edward Edmondson, credited at bottom, would be tried for sedition in 1944 for his pro-Nazi writings.

Lot: 488 - 'RASPUTIN - A TOOL OF THE JEWS'

'RASPUTIN - A TOOL OF THE JEWS' German anti-Semitic book 'Rasputin - Eine Werkzeug der Juden' by Dr. Rudolf Kummer (Nurnberg: Der Sturmer Buchverlag), 208pp. 8vo., in mottled brown boards, cloth spine, brown title. Foreward by Julius Streicher. Unread by undoubtedly blaming Jews for Rasputin's actions in seducing the Russian royal family, inevitably leading to their murder in the end. Very good.

Lot: 489 - (DACHAU CONCENTRATION CAMP) EDUARD WEITER

(DACHAU CONCENTRATION CAMP) EDUARD WEITER EDUARD WEITER (1889 – 1945) SS-Obersturmbannfuhrer and concentration camp commandant. He administered Dachau and succeeded Martin Weiss as camp commandant on 30 September 1943. Conditions declined under his administration, and it is also likely that Weiter personally killed the dissident Georg Elser. Committed suicide or was murdered by fellow SS officers at war's end. Rare war-date partly-printed D.S., 1p. large 4to., Dachau, May 22, 1943, a performance report issued to SS-Sturmmann Gunter Kuhne who had trained at Dachau between march 30 and May 22, 1943. His rather average report is boldly signed by Weiter at bottom, also signed by the training office, an unidentified SS-Hauptsturmfuhrer. Very good.

Lot: 490 - (NUREMBERG) EVIDENCE IN MINISTRIES TRIAL

A good content typed document used as evidence by the prosecution at the Ministries Trial, one of 12 subsequent military tribunals following the Nuremberg Trials aimed at officials of various Reich ministries, 2pp. legal folio, Nuremberg, June 12, 1947, implicating Ernst von Weizsaecker (1882-1951) and Edmund Veesenmayer (1904-1977), with a teletype regarding German-Polish relations sent by the former to the latter. The teletype, dated August 20, 1939, reads in full: 'Reich Foreign Minister advises that he agrees with the general concept and approves of the manner in which negotiations on the German-Polish customs dispute are being conducted. However, negotiations would have to be conducted in such a manner, and in general, pressure must be applied to Poland, in such a way that the responsibility for the failure of the negotiations and all that follows will fall on Poland.' Slight toning, else fine. This piece of evidence was likely used to prove the two men were guilty of 'taking part in a common plan or conspiracy to commit Crimes Against Peace' - count two of the seven indictments of the Ministries Trial. In the end, both men were sentenced to lengthy prison terms.

Lot: 491 - (NUREMBERG) INTERROGATION TRANSCRIPT OF EDMUND VEESENMAYER

EDMUND VEESENMAYER (1904-1977) High-ranking SS official and Holocaust perpetrator in Hungary and Croatia. Veesenmayer was a subordinate of Ernst Kaltenbrunner and Joachim von Ribbentrop, and worked with Adolf Eichmann. He was also involved in the establishment of the Ustase-run NDH puppet state following the April 1941 invasion of Yugoslavia, and in the selection and installation of the puppet

Lot: 492 - AN AUSCHWITZ POLICE OFFICER IS PROMOTED

Typed D.S., 1p. legal folio, Auschwitz, June 22, 1943, an official document signed by a commissioner in the State of Auschwitz promoting Rivierleutnent der Schutzpolizei Robert Haase to the rank of Rivieroberleutnant. With Auschwitz state seal at bottom. Signature a bit blurred, margins bear file holes and chips away from text, light toning, overall good to very good.

Lot: 493 - ANTI-SEMITIC GERMAN PRINTS (7)

Lot of seven World War II or pre-World War II prints, each 12 x 8.25 in., many anti-Semitic in nature, bearing caustic political cartoons against capitalism, Marxism, Judaism, etc. Notable cartoons include: a depiction an enormous ball labeled 'The World Bank' crushing a German to death, clearly a critique on the high debts placed on Germany after World War I; a large Jewish caricature labeled '60 years tribute!' eating a huge line of German schoolchildren; and a boot labeled 'capitalism' and a boot labeled 'militarism' about to stomp a blindfolded German to death, pinned down by a large man named 'Marxism'. Many cartoons were illustrated by 'Mjolnir' - the pen name of HANS SCHWIETZER (1901-1980), recruited to produce Nazi propaganda posters by Joseph Goebbels. Near fine condition.

Lot: 494 - ANTI-SEMITIC POSTCARDS

ANTI-SEMITIC POSTCARDS A pair of vintage postcards featuring anti-Semitic artwork, 4 x 6 in., [n.d. but likely early 20th century]. The first in English depicts a caricatured Jew standing in front of a store labeled 'Russian Goods' with the caption 'I am doing rushing (Russian) business', used postally. The next in French features lower-class men driving caricatured Jews away from a bank, with the caption 'Disabled, peasants, workers, civil servants, lets go! Let's drive out the profiteers and the merchants of the National Block.' Both lightly toned, else fine.

Lot: 495 - AUSTRIAN NAZI LEADER ASKS FOR REPORT ON SEIZED JEWISH ASSETS

Good content T.L.S. on the letterhead of the "Reich Commissioner for the Reunification of Austria with the German Reich, 1p. 4to., [Vienna], June 20, 1939, an initialed retained copy sent to the Central Office for Jewish Emigration. The writer, very likely JOSEF BURCKEL (1895-1944), requests: "…I should like to have a detailed report on how and to what extent migration via exchange of goods was effected, whether and to what extent…Jewish assets have been transferred…" Docketed, several file holes, else very good. Burckel frequently embezzled confiscated money and property instead of turning it over to the state, earning him the displeasure of the Nazi hierarchy and he was eventually removed from his post in Vienna.

Lot: 496 - DACHAU PRISONER'S PRESS RELEASE (POST LIBERATION)

DACHAU PRISONER'S PRESS RELEASE (POST LIBERATION) Fine content typed press release written by the International Prisoner's Committee of the Dachau concentration camp after it was liberated by the Allies, 2pp. 4to., Dachau, July 19, 1945, addressed to all national groups present at the camp informing them of the departure of their commanding officer. In part: '...We will never forget the man who took care of us and gave us back freedom and life...Our beloved camp commanding officer Col. Roy is leaving tomorrow...It was Col. Roy's aim from the beginning to make our life more livable and to settle all pending affairs concerning the repatriation and welfare of the Dachau people...He has always and fully appreciated our demands, when they were justified...he seemed to be like a good father to us all...he has a deep feeling and sympathy for the misery and sorrows of our fellow men...The camp of Dachau, where we suffered more than a human mind can imagine is now filled up again by those who tried to rule Europe by terror and tyranny. But we know that these scenes of unimaginable horror and cruelty...will nevermore occur, as the representatives of the American Nation are men who can be severe, but who are not tyrants...' Slightly toned, chipping around the edges, some type is faint but still discernable. Dachau was surrendered to the Allies on April 28th, but prisoners were still housed there for months afterwards until moved to ‘displaced persons' camps or released.

Lot: 497 - FERDINAND SAUERBRUCH

FERDINAND SAUERBRUCH (1875 - 1951) German surgeon and a fervent nationalist who wanted to undo the 'humiliation of Versailles.' Surgeon General to the German Army, he was charged by the Allies with having contributed to the Nazi dictatorship, but not convicted for lack of evidence. Rare, typed note signed in German on personal letterhead, 1p. oblong 8vo., Munich, March 12, 1927, to 'Birkelbach' in which he writes in full: 'I fully agree with your suggestion.' Chipping and file holes to the left margin, else fine.

Lot: 498 - FRITZ GREENBAUM

FRITZ GREENBAUM (1880 - 1941) Austrian Jewish cabaret artist and songwriter whose art collection was looted by Nazis before he was murdered in the Holocaust as Dachau. Black ink signature on a 3.75 x 2 in. card, dated April 5, 1932, with an untranslated inscription. Fine condition.

Lot: 499 - GERMANS REMOVE POLES, AND ETHNIC GERMANS MOVE IN

Blueprint map, 17 x 12 in., shows approx. 20 homes in the village of Grosslieben, Poland, ca. 1940 with the names of the homeowners placed beside each structure. This map, which likely was originally created by the Polish government, shows some of the Polish names having been stricken-through and German names have been in turn placed beside those homes previously occupied by the obviously-deported Poles. For example, 'Kosmowski' was replaced by 'Kruger' and Swiecioch' was replaced by 'Reddig'. The map also bears two ink hand stamps: 'SS Arbeitstab Polen-Land'. File holes, worn and chipped at the margins, still overall very good.

Lot: 500 - GESTAPO ARREST ORDER AND DETAINEE'S PAPERS

GESTAPO ARREST ORDER AND DETAINEE'S PAPERS Good grouping of three documents pertaining to one Wally Heher-Jahne, a 40+ year-old telephonist arrested by the Gestapo in 1943. Included is the Gestapo arrest order, 1p. 4to., Berlin, Apr. 7, 1943 which describes the woman particulars, address, and notes: '...According to the results of the State Police's findings, her behavior endangers the existence and security of the people and the state, as such [she] is urgently suspected of being a disadvantage to the German Reich...' Fold splits, repaired with old cello tape on verso. Also present is Jahne's postwar 'Pass for former concentration camp prisoners', 2pp. 12mo., stamped by various agencies; faded in places, foxed, just good; and her membership card in the Vereinigungh der Verfolgten Naziregimes.

Lot: 501 - GRAPHIC HOLOCAUST PHOTOGRAPHS (5)

GRAPHIC HOLOCAUST PHOTOGRAPHS (5) A lot of five horrifying images depicting Holocaust scenes, varying sizes, b/w, including German soldiers burying concentration camp prisoners, German civilians inspecting the dead at an unknown camp, and prisoners hanging from gallows. Conditions vary but overall good. Five photos.

Lot: 502 - HUNGARIANS AT DACHAU FEAR BEING MOVED

HUNGARIANS AT DACHAU FEAR BEING MOVED A fascinating, fine content typed D.S. letter written by the Hungarian Prisoner's Committee held at the Dachau concentration camp after it was liberated by the Allies, 2pp. 4to., Dachau, July 11, 1945, addressed to Colonel Roy, the Allied commander of the camp, relaying observations and requests of Hungarian prisoners who had been liberated by American forces three months earlier. In part: '...In connection with the imminent evacuation...The Hungarian Committee has the honor to submit to you the following observations. The ex-prisoners have...bad experiences of the forced movements they dislike and are afraid of. Owing to the liberation...they live now under much more comfortable circumstances...they still don't love Dachau with its bad memories, fences, and restrictions...they fear being transferred to a place which is even less suitable for that purpose. On the other hand their main aim is to get home as soon as possible...If there were an absolute unavoidable necessity to evacuate the camp and the question of returning home could not be resolved...The Hungarian Committee...begs to insist on following points...General conditions of the new emplacement must not be worse...The unity and present composition of national groups should be maintained...The evacuation must not take place suddenly...The National committee should be kept informed on the exact position of the question...' Signed at the conclusion by a representative of the Committee. Slightly creased and toned, else fine. Dachau was surrendered to the Allies on April 28th, but clearly prisoners were still housed there for months afterwards. Eventually however prisoners were all removed to ‘displaced persons' camps or released, and the camp was used as a confinement space for war criminals. It would later serve as a site for war crimes trials.

Lot: 503 - LETTERS TO DANISH POLICEMAN JAILED AT BUCHENWALD

LETTERS TO DANISH POLICEMAN JAILED AT BUCHENWALD Pair of letters sent to imprisoned Danish policeman Erik Gunnar Nielsen by his wife Carla during his imprisonment with 1,960 other Danish policemen at Buchenwald and Nuengamme following their arrest by the Nazis on Sep. 19, 1944. The letters. dated Oct. 29 and Nov. 15, 1944, are each 4pp. 8vo., in German with typical non-controversial content. Very good. On May 12, 1944 Dr. Werner Best, an ex-deputy of Reinhard Heydrich and now administrator of occupied Denmark, demanded the support of the Danish police. His request was refused, and the German army arrested 1,960 Danish police, sending them to Nuengamme and Buchenwald. Sold with Nielsen's record of captivity at Buchenwald.

Lot: 504 - MARTIN NIEMOLLER

MARTIN NIEMOLLER (1892 - 1984) German Protestant theologian who was imprisoned at Dachau for his outspoken anti-Nazi views. He later became a passionate advocate of disarmament. Pair of signed items, includes a T.L.S. on his personal letterhead, 1p. oblong 8vo., Wiesbaden, June 16, 1948 to an admirer: '...I got your letter...with great pleasure and, after my return to Germany, I send you, enclosed hertewith, the requested signature of mine...' Sold with the promised signature, executed in black ink on a card and dated June 16, 1948. Letter toned a bit, card is fine.

Lot: 505 - MIEP GIES

MIEP GIES (1909 - 2010) Dutch citizen who helped hide Anne Frank, her family, and four other Jews from the Nazis in an annex above Anne's father's business premises. It was Gies who recovered Anne Frank's diaries. Commemorative postal cover honoring the Netherlands, postmarked Aug. 9, 1943, signed later at lower-left by Gies in blue ink. Very good.

Lot: 506 - MOTHER-TO-DAUGHTER SEVEN LETTER GROUPING FROM RAVENSBRUCK

MOTHER-TO-DAUGHTER SEVEN LETTER GROUPING FROM RAVENSBRUCK Rarely seen grouping of seven lengthy handwritten letters from a mother, Wladystawa Gotaszewska, to her daughter Alina at Oranienburg, 7pp. total, 4to., Ravensbruck concentration camp, late 1933 to early 1944. The letters, variously signed 'Mutter' or with her full name, are in German and untranslated, but do contain references to sweets and other items sent to her, family news, etc. Each letter bears the stamp of a Ravensbruck censor, as well as his initials. Worthy of translation. Overall fine.

Lot: 507 - NEUENGAMME GUARD TORTURES CONCENTRATION CAMP PRISONERS

Appalling contemporary retained carbon copy of a prisoner's statement in German, 1p. 4to., Oct. 3, 1945, detailing the barbarity of a Neuengamme concentration camp guard, Unterscharfuhrer Geus. In part: '...much feared by the prisoners...he had under him also the so-called 'death bunkers'...when those selected to die were already in the execution bunker, he insulted every one of them with the crudest remarks, as 'Russian swine', and more...he very often took the opportunity of thrashing the 'criminals', even in the last few minutes before their deaths...an extremely brutal and dangerous sadist...administered a terrible beating to some prisoners who had been driven by pangs of hunger to pick up the potato peelings or the boxes of bones...in bitterly cold, wintery weather, [his specialty was] to tie up the trousers of prisoners...play a jet of water on their neck, front and back, so that they were overflowing...forced [them], so that they could be watched, to stand in front of the courthouse, until they were frozen stiff...hundreds of prisoners were killed in this way...' Sticker affixed to top-right, some staining to the top-left, yet contents are unaffected. Very good condition, with full translation. This statement was undoubtedly prepared by British interrogators building their case for the 1946 war crimes trial of eleven Neuengamme defendants.

Lot: 508 - NUENGAMME CONCENTRATION CAMP PRISONER'S LETTER

Scarce letter sent by a prisoner at Nuengamme concentration camp on official camp letterhead indicating rules for prisoner correspondence, 2pp. 8vo., Sep. 9, 1944. Prisoner Stefan Orfsissnewski, No. 18670, Block 13, writes his wife Maria in Litzmannstadt. Not translated, with camp and censor stamps. The SS established Neuengamme in December 1938 as a subcamp of the Sachsenhausen concentration camp. In all, the SS incarcerated approximately 105,000 people there, and half died in the hands of their captors.

Lot: 509 - NUREMBERG CLOSING DEFENSE ARGUMENTS OF WAR CRIMINAL KARL GEBHARDT

KARL GEBHARDT (1897 - 1948) Personal physician to Himmler and president of the German Red Cross. Conducted bone and muscle experiments on prisoners at Ravensbruck and Auschwitz. Convicted of crimes against humanity and executed. Lengthy transcript of his defense attorney's closing speech assembled by the tribunal's documents division, 111pp. 4to., containing his defense team's desperate attempts to defend Gebhardt's against the charges levied against him for his medical experimentation, which includes mustard gas experiments, fire bomb experiments, altitude trials, malaria trials, experiments with seawater, experiments with poisons, spotted fever experiments, sterilization experiments, among others. Most notably, Gebhardt's lawyer tries to defend the ghastly human experimentation committed on Ravensbruck prisoners, in which he broke their legs and infected them with various organisms in order to prove the worthlessness of the drug sulfonamide. His attorney defends the experiments as '...[they] were intended to open up new ways of treating the seriously wounded...', yet argues that Gebhardt '...with one exception, had nothing to do with these requests...', scapegoating Heinrich Himmler and his subordinate instead. Original file holes, else fine. Sold with an original supplement from his defense attorneys, 17pp. sm. folio., referencing the speech '...submitted by me on May 22, 1947...'. Very good condition.

Lot: 510 - NUREMBERG PROSECUTOR SS HIERARCHY CHARTS (2) (COPIES)

Lot of two interesting charts in English and German, possibly used by the prosecution at the Nuremberg Trials, each 18 x 25.5 in., illustrating the hierarchy of the different departments and divisions of the SS. Departments include Personal Staff, Central Office, Operational HQ, Main Race and Settlement Office, Main Office of Order Police, Economic and Administrative Department, Office of General Heissmeyer, Office for Repatriation of Racial Germans, and HQ of the Commissioner for Consolidation of German Folkdom. Both bear at the bottom right corners the signature of JOHN DOLIBOIS (1918-2014) Interrogator during the Nuremberg Trials, U.S Army veteran who served in the military intelligence group the 'Ritchie Boys' that was composed entirely of German-speaking Americans whose main purpose was interrogation and intelligence gathering. Both in fine condition.

Lot: 511 - POLISH JEW PHOTO ID CARD

POLISH JEW PHOTO ID CARD Partly-printed D.S., 3pp. 8vo., Zdunska Wola, July 9, 1941, a German 'ausweis' ('identity card') issued to Joseph Fitze, born Jan. 10, 1900, identifying him as an 'arbeiter' ('worker') within the Polish city of Zdunska Wola, cancelled at the bottom-left by the district administrator of the district branch 'Bosnian people's list' of Sieradz. The second interior page bears his signature and affixed portrait. Worn from age and use, though content still legible. Sieradz was a Polish open ghetto established on March 1, 1940, whose population stood at 1,000-1,400. In 1942, during the six months before the final destruction of the ghetto, persecutions intensified; the Jews were now ordered to appear at German army headquarters twice a day, where they were carefully counted to make sure that no Jew had dared to run away from the ghetto. Fitz undoubtedly presented this ID during those checks. The final expulsion of the remaining Jews of Sieradz took place from August 24-27, 1942, when 184-190 young, healthy men, and some craftsmen were transported to Lodz Ghetto; the rest were sent to the extermination camp at Chelmno, or killed on the spot. Fitze's fate is unknown.

Lot: 512 - PRISONERS ARE MURDERED AT NEUENGAMME SUBCAMP

Carbon copy of a typed letter in German, 1p. legal folio, Flensberg, Sept. 21, 1945, sent from the town administration of Flensberg to a committee of former concentration camp prisoners, detailing the deaths of thousands of political prisoners at the Drutte labor camp - a subcamp of Neuengamme. In part: 'on 8.4.1945, about 5000 prisoners were taken by train from the camp at Drutte to Celle...On 9.4.1945, at 11 a.m., there was an air raid; 3000 men killed, mostly by incendiary bombs...During the night of 9/10.4.1945, about 800 prisoners were shot by SS...then a move-back to Bergen-Belsen with the small remaining number of prisoners - about 500 to 600 - by means of a 3.5 days march...incidents of this kind may perhaps be of service to you when you are forming a view...' This last section likely refers to the 1946 war crimes trial of eleven Neuengamme defendants, suggesting that the recipients of this letter were somehow involved with the trial. Very good, with full translation.

Lot: 513 - ROMANIAN 'JUDENRAT' SEEKS INFORMATION ON DEPORTED JEWS

Rare T.L.S. on letterhead of the "Centrala Evreilor Don Romania" ("Jewish Central"), 1p. 4to., Bucharest, Aug. 1, 1944 to its satellite office in Sighisoara. The writer expresses his surprise that the central office was not informed about previously deported people, including women and "criminals", and asks that lists be submitted with names and relocation places of those deported be provided. Stains at file holes, else very good. The Jewish Central, a Jewish institution similar to a Judenrat, was set up in Romania in 1942 by Romanian leader Ion Antonescu, in response to German pressure. The Central was forced to carry out all orders issued by the Romanian and German authorities regarding Jewish affairs. It was charged with carrying out two contradictory tasks: helping the German authorities organize the deportation of Jews to extermination camps in Poland, and serving the Romanian authorities, who wanted to use the council to steal money and property from the Jews and provide forced labor. The Centrala was dissolved in December 1944 after Romania's liberation, and its leaders jailed.

Lot: 514 - STUTTHOF CONCENTRATION CAMP DEATH NOTICE

Partly-printed D.S., 1p. oblong 8vo., Stutthof concentration camp, June 17, 1943. A heartbreaking notice to a mother of the death of her son: '...Your son Stanislaw Gedzelewski born 22.12.11 born in Kupicki died on June 1st, 1943...in the local hospital as a result of heart failure...The body was cremated in the state crematorium. You can request the death certificate from the registry office IÌ in Stutthof against payment of a fee of 60 Rpf...' Folds, moderately soiled and worn with some loss at the margins. Gedzelewski appears in the Holocaust Survivors and Victims Database of the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum.

Lot: 515 - WORLD JEWISH CONGRESS THANKS HIMMLER'S PHYSICIAN FOR RESCUING JEWS

An excellent copy of a letter taken from the documents division at Nuremberg, 1p. 4to., Stockholm, Dec. 12, 1945, from the Swedish section of the World Jewish Congress thanking Heinrich Himmler's personal physician FELIX KERSTEN for assisting Jews in escaping concentration camps. In part: 'Dear Medical Councilor, We need to express our gratitude and appreciation for the valuable service you have rendered to our endeavors to save Jews. We thank you in particular for your efforts during the tragic war years, when the liberation and transfer to Sweden of around 3,500 Jews from the German concentration camps and the handover of German concentration camps to the Allies were successful...we have always found understanding and willingness to help with you, sometimes even in difficult circumstances. The Jews of all countries, whose brothers have been freed through your efforts, will remember you with gratitude.' The conclusion bears a typed passage from a Stockholm notary, confirming that the document is an exact copy presented to him on April 30, 1947. Adding value and extreme rarity, a Nuremberg official has written in pencil 'R. BRANDT...Not admitted' at the top, suggesting that the letter was originally proposed as evidence against Himmler's Personal Administrative Officer RUDOLF BRANDT. Brandt was charged at the Doctors' Trial for his role in murdering 86 Jewish inmates at Auschwitz, then preparing their skeletons for public display at an anatomy institute to exhibit their 'subhuman' and 'repulsive' characteristics. He was later executed for war crimes in 1948. One staple hole, paper clip indent, else fine. Taken from a large grouping of Nuremberg documents consigned to us.

Lot: 516 - WORLD JEWISH CONGRESS THANKS HIMMLER'S PHYSICIAN FOR RESCUING JEWS

An excellent copy of a letter taken from the documents division at Nuremberg, 1p. 4to., Paris, Dec. 4, 1946, from General Secretary of the World Jewish Congress thanking Heinrich Himmler's personal physician FELIX KERSTEN for assisting Jews in escaping concentration camps. In part: '...We need to express our gratitude and appreciation for the profound service you have rendered to the Jews of all countries in connection with our desperate attempts to save them during the tragic years of war. In particular, we are thinking of your successful efforts when it was possible...to liberate around 3,500 Jews from German concentration camps and transfer them to Sweden, as well as the handover of a certain number of German concentration camps to the Allies...You have never denied your help, even under the most difficult of circumstances. The Jews of all countries will never forget your successful endeavors...' The conclusion bears a typed passage from a Stockholm notary, confirming that the document is an exact copy presented to him on April 30, 1947. Adding value and extreme rarity, a Nuremberg official has written in pencil 'R. BRANDT...Not admitted' at the top, suggesting that the letter was originally proposed as evidence against Himmler's Personal Administrative Officer RUDOLF BRANDT. Brandt was charged at the Doctors' Trial for his role in murdering 86 Jewish inmates at Auschwitz, then preparing their skeletons for public display at an anatomy institute to exhibit their 'subhuman' and 'repulsive' characteristics. He was later executed for war crimes in 1948. One staple hole, paper clip indent, else fine. Taken from a large grouping of Nuremberg documents consigned to us.

Lot: 517 - KNIGHTS CROSS WITH PRESENTATION CASE AND PRESENTATION BOX

KNIGHTS CROSS WITH PRESENTATION CASE AND PRESENTATION BOX A very rare combination, an absolutely pristine Knights Cross of the Iron Cross by Steinhaur & Luck, Ludenscheib, sold with the original hinged black presentation case and the excessively rare white cardboard box within which the presentation case was shipped. This Model 4 cross retains an extraordinary amount of its original frosting, which is just the slightest bid worn about the edges. Silver contanbet is hallmarked '925'. There is some tarnish at the ends of the arms, as is to be expected, otherwise this cross is magnificent. The black fitted case holding the cross bears an eight-segment hinge and an operable push-button lock. Also present is the neatly folded original ribbon. Of incredible rarity is the original cardboard box which contained the cross and its box. This white box is imprinted: 'Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes' with the Steinhauer & Luck maker's name appearing at one end. Two corners of the box are cleanly split and one edge is torn, signs of small, old tape repairs at the corners, some soiling and negligible paper loss at the sites of the repairs, else very good. Last sold by Craig Gottlieb Militaria, June, 2011. A superb addition to the finest medals collection.

Lot: 518 - GERMANY HEER FALLSCHIRMJAGER BADGE BY JUNCKER

GERMANY HEER FALLSCHIRMJAGER BADGE BY JUNCKER Absolutely pristine, gorgeous German Heer Fallshirmjager Badge in its original presentation case. This first version of the Type 2 C. E. Juncker badge is constructed of a cast aluminum silvered eagle with a gilded aluminum wreath, the eagle fixed to the badge with two rivets. It bears a barrel hinge and the proper 'C' type catch. This was the first production of the Type 2 made completely of aluminum by its only known maker. Instituted in 1937, the aluminum version was discontinued that same year. This badge was completely discontinued when the Heer fallschirmjager troops were absorbed/replaced by their Luftwaffe counterparts. The finish to the front of the badge is 98% intact, and any defects are virtually indistinguishable to the naked eye. The badge is sold complete with the original presentation case with gold embossed name of the award, its push-button release and hinge fully intact and operational. 54mm tall, 41mm wide. This example, likely unrivaled on the market, was originally sold to our consignor in 2008 by Wolfe-Hardin and a copy of Stephen Wolfe's letter sent with the badge to the purchaser is included. An exquisite - and very rare badge, in top condition.

Lot: 519 - (U.S.S. PANAY INCIDENT) THE MEDALS OF LT. CLARK C. GRAZIER

(U.S.S. PANAY INCIDENT) THE MEDALS OF LT. CLARK C. GRAZIER A historic grouping of medals, all awarded to Lt. Clark C. Grazier, U.S. Navy, who served with great distinction during the attack on the USS PANAY by Japanese aircraft north of Nanking on December 12, 1937. Lt. Grazier served as the vessel's medical officer, and during the attack he made repeated forays under fire to the shattered sick bay to retrieve medical supplies, drugs, and records. These he stuffed into a pillow case, and then returned to the engine room to treat the wounded brought there for safety. Grazier also ensured that the wounded were all safely loaded into boats for transport to shore from the sinking PANAY, even these boats themselves also came under Japanese machine gun fire. Although wounded himself in the action, Grazier was sporadically filmed during the attack and afterward as he and the wounded escaped overland. As a result of Grazier's bravery, many of the 43 sailors and five civilians wounded in the attack were able to survive, and Grazier was awarded the Navy Cross. Grazier's medals and insignia are contained within a burgundy felt-lined wood case. They include: the Navy Cross, rare 1930's variant with applied roundels; Navy Expeditionary Medal; China Service; American Defense; American Campaign, Asiatic Pacific Campaign; World War II Victory; National Defense, medical service corps collar insignia and shoulder boards, shoulder and collar rank insignia, visor hat bands, two ID tags, five ribbon bars, and the visor removed from Grazier's dress cap. All are in fine condition. Also present is a Navy Certificate of Merit given to Grazier in 1961, following the end of his tenure as Commanding Officer of the Portsmouth Naval Hospital, as well as two ca. 1937 Chinese carved walking sticks. This historic grouping was purchased by a collector directly from Grazier's daughter-in-law in Pittsburgh in 2016, and is sold with the collector's letter of provenance. Despite the fact that the PANAY had three American flags painted on her decks, the Japanese claimed they were not noticed. Three Standard Oil tankers participating in the rescue of refugees were also sunk by the Japanese in the same attack.

Lot: 520 - 1ST CLASS SOVIET ORDER OF GLORY

1ST CLASS SOVIET ORDER OF GLORY An excessively rare World War II medal, a Soviet 1st Class Order of Glory in Gold with original ribbon. The 1.75 in. star-shaped medal is fashioned out of 23 karat gold and features a central image of the Spasskaya Tower surrounded by laurel wreath and the word 'Glory' in Cyrillic. The reverse is stamped 'CCCP' ('USSR in Cyrillic') and a serial number '1269.' This medal was awarded to non-commissioned officers and soldiers of the armed forces, for bravery in the face of the enemy. A person initially received the third degree and would subsequently be promoted to higher degrees for further acts. Extremely rare as only 2,620 were ever produced. Light tarnishing, else fine.

Lot: 521 - WALTER OESAU'S SPANISH NATIONALIST PILOTS WINGS

WALTER OESAU'S SPANISH NATIONALIST PILOTS WINGS Spanish Civil War era Spanish Nationalists Pilot's wings attributed to Luftwaffe Major WALTER OESAU (1913-1944). This style of pilots wings were also given to some Legion Condor members who took part in the Spanish Civil War. Wings in silvered and tombac, 3.75 inches long by 1.65 inches high, partially guilded and enameled. Wings are unmarked. Also included with these wings is a 3.5 x 5.5 in. Hoffman postcard signed by Oesau. Both in fine condition. EMedals President and Owner Barry Turk's EMedals letter of provenance is included stating that the seller was a well-known Ontario collector 'whom I know for decades' purchased the wings and other Oesau awards when offered for sale in the mid-1970s.

Lot: 522 - SPANISH 'CRUZ DEL MERITO NAVAL' BREAST STAR

SPANISH 'CRUZ DEL MERITO NAVAL' BREAST STAR A World War II Spanish breast star for the Grand Cross of 'Cruz del Merito Naval' ('Order of Naval Merit'). This 3rd Class type was, known as the 'white badge', features an enameled blue anchor over a white enameled cross in gold, both affixed to a gilded eight-sided star. Adorned with an imperial crown in gold, and castles and lions in silver. The reverse shows two typical navy type attachment hooks as well as an unusual hinge pin adorned with high relief floral decoration. The 3rd Class example was the lowest class to be awarded to Staff Grade officers from 1939-1975.

Lot: 523 - SPANISH 'AL MERITO EN CAMPANA' BREAST STAR

SPANISH 'AL MERITO EN CAMPANA' BREAST STAR A scarce World War II medal, a Spanish 'Grand Cross of Al Merito En Campana', ('Order of Merit in the Campaign') breast star. The roughly 2.75 in. dia. medal features a guided cross affixed to a larger eight-sided brass star. On the cross is a red, white, and blue enameled seal of the order. This high military award of Spain recognizes bravery in combat and was given to Spanish and German combatants who took part in Spanish Civil War combat. Brass star has a pin back yet no other marks present. Slight discoloration, else fine.

Lot: 524 - (YALTA CONFERENCE) MEDALS OF GROUP CAPT. W. J. PICCARD

(YALTA CONFERENCE) MEDALS OF GROUP CAPT. W. J. PICCARD A superb medal grouping attributed to RAF Group Captain Walter J. Pickard who served as a station commander at Lyneham and was often responsible for several V.I.P. flights. Most notably in 1945 while stationed at Saki in Crimea, he was responsible for the safe travel of Winston Churchill and Franklin D. Roosevelt onto Soviet soil for the Yalta Conference. The medals on a 7 in. ribbon bar include a second type Order of the British Empire breast badge in silver, an India General Service clasp, two Africa Service Stars, and two War and Defense medals. Accompanied by Royal Mint case of issue for the O.B.E. badge, and an HMS Hindustan medallion, 2 in. diameter. Slight oxidation, but overall fine condition. Interestingly, Pickard's brother was RAF Group Captain Percy Pickard (1915-1944) who commanded OPERATION JERICHO, the bold bombing of a German prison in Amiens in an effort to free British prisoners held there. He was shot down and killed during the successful raid.

Lot: 525 - NSDAP GOLD PARTY BADGE

NSDAP GOLD PARTY BADGE Small N.S.D.A.P. Golden Party badge, 1.25 in. diameter, featuring a laurel wreath surrounding the words 'Nationalsozialistische D.A.P.'. The center of the badge has the usual white enamel field and black enamel swastika. The reverse is pin-backed and marked with a 'Ges.Gesche' stamp as well as the number 74493. Discoloration on both sides, else good condition.

Lot: 526 - 'GOTT MIT UNS' BELT BUCKLE

'GOTT MIT UNS' BELT BUCKLE 'Gott Mit Uns' pebbled aluminum belt buckle, with national eagle at the center surrounded by a wreath of oak leaves. Two prongs still present on the back. Slightly worn else fine.

Lot: 527 - 'GOTT MIT UNS' BUCKLE WITH BELT

'GOTT MIT UNS' BUCKLE WITH BELT World War II-issue German enlisted man's leather belt with painted steel 'Gott Mit Uns' buckle with swastika, 34 in. long, the belt marking indistinguishable. Black leather in near pristine condition with no cracks, buckle bears some scratches but overall good.

Lot: 528 - SPANISH AIR FORCE BELT BUCKLE

SPANISH AIR FORCE BELT BUCKLE A World War II era Spanish Air Force enlisted man's belt buckle, 3 x 2.75 in., brass construction, showing the pilot wing emblem, crown, and eagle motif in relief at its center. The reverse features original catch and pin, yet no other marks present. Fine condition.

Lot: 529 - KRIEGSMARINE MINESWEEPER STICK PIN WITH BOX

KRIEGSMARINE MINESWEEPER STICK PIN WITH BOX A small stick pin medal issued to German seaman who served aboard minesweeping vessels, roughly 2.5 x 5 in., constructed of brass and depicting an explosion at sea surrounded by laurel wreath and national eagle. No other marks present, housed within an original and very rare blue case of issue.

Lot: 530 - 'HILFS KRANKETRAGER' ARMBAND

'HILFS KRANKETRAGER' ARMBAND German World War II stretcher carrier armband, 7 x 4.25 in., sewn together at the ends. Constructed of white cloth, the face bears in a black border the words 'Hilfs Frankentrager' ('auxiliary sick bearer'). Toned with a few stains, else fine.

Lot: 531 - 1919 HANAU FREIKORPS BADGE

1919 HANAU FREIKORPS BADGE 1919 Hanauer Burgerwehr Freikorps Badge, silvered bronze, the obverse consisting of a stylized raised swan, above a coat of arms of the city of Hanau, surrounded by a banner reading: 'HANAUER BÜRGERWEHR 1919', the reverse with a barrel hinge and horizontal pin back meeting a flattened catch, unmarked, measuring 30 mm x 28 mm, fine condition.

Lot: 532 - 1929 NURNBERG REICHS PARTY DAY SHIELD

1929 NURNBERG REICHS PARTY DAY SHIELD 1929 NSDAP Reichs Parteitag Shield, 3 x 1 3/8 in., apparently nickel with silver frosting, three holes for attachment to a trophy or other object, back stamped 'F. HOFSTATTER BONN'. Very good.

Lot: 533 - 1933 THUR GAUTREFFEN ERFURT TINNIE

1933 THUR GAUTREFFEN ERFURT TINNIE 1933 Thur Gautreffen Erfurt Tinnie, 2 x 1 1/2 in., horizontal pin back, very good.

Lot: 534 - 'IMPERIAL HOLLENZERN' EAGLE STICK PIN IN GOLD WITH BOX

'IMPERIAL HOLLENZERN' EAGLE STICK PIN IN GOLD WITH BOX A scare World War II era stick pin featuring the Prussian Eagle, or seal of the German Empire, in gold. These pins were manufactured to be given to members veteran's organizations such as the Kyfhauserbund for patriotic remembrance. Housed within a coffin shaped black leather box. Fine condition.

Lot: 535 - 1934 SAAR RALLY PIN

1934 SAAR RALLY PIN A small aluminum pin given to attendees at the 1934 Saar Rally held by the Nazi Party on October 6, 1934. The pin is in the shape of a swastika featuring a relief image of a man breaking chains around his wrists, as well as the name and date of the event. Lightly worn, else fine.

Lot: 536 - 1936 BERLIN OLYMPICS AUTOMOTIVE GRILL PLATE

1936 BERLIN OLYMPICS AUTOMOTIVE GRILL PLATE Automotive grill plate used during the 1936 Berlin Olympics, 3 x 3 in., bronze gilt with white enamel, maker marked 'WILH. DEUMER LUDENSCHEID' on the reverse. The grill plate illustrates the Brandenburg Gate, inscribed '1936' on the gate's lintel and 'XI. OLYMPIADE BERLIN' at its base, above the enameled Olympic rings. Both sides bear a small loop for the attachment to the grill of an automobile. Slight wear from use, else fine condition.

Lot: 537 - 1936 GERMAN OLYMPIC TEAM PATCH

A NSRL/DRL (Nationalsozialistischer Reichsbund für Leibesübungen/Deutscher Reichsbund für Leibesübungen) Olympic Sports Patch. This patch was given to 1936 German Olympics participants and either clipped or sewn to a garment. It is a two-piece patch, the red field heavily embroidered with the NSLR eagle emblem: a black eagle with a swastika on its chest. Some mothing and wear. Overall measurements 4 x 4.5 in. Not often seen. With a 'cigarette album' photo of German team members wearing such patches.

Lot: 538 - 1936 OLYMPIC POLICEMAN'S MEDAL BAR (6)

Excessively rare medal bar belonging to a World War I soldier who also served as a Nazi policeman during the 1936 Berlin Olympics. From left to right, the medals include: World War I Iron Cross, Second Class; War Merit Cross with Swords; The Honour Cross of the World War 1914/1918 with Swords; 25-year Police Long Service Award; 1936 Olympic Games Commemorative Medal (given to non-participant organizers of the event); and a First War Bulgarian Commemorative Medal 1915-1918. Light surface wear from use, else fine condition.

Lot: 539 - 1936 TREFFEN HESSEN-NASSAU MEDAL

1936 TREFFEN HESSEN-NASSAU MEDAL Rare Gau award, a 1936 Treffen Hessen-Nassau Medal, bronze with a Germanic warrior, obverse reading 'Rhein Main', reverse. 'Meeting Hessen-Nassau 1936 - The old leadership corps of the NSDAP'. Ribbon a bit soiled, with original pin. A rare Gau award.

Lot: 540 - AMERICAN SERVICE MEDALS

AMERICAN SERVICE MEDALS Lot of seven American service medals (none named), includes: Bronze Star, Purple Heart, Army Achievement, and Vietnam Service (all cased), along with National Defense (2) and World War II Victory. Overall very good.

Lot: 541 - BRITISH DISTILLER'S MEDAL

BRITISH DISTILLER'S MEDAL A scarce medal of the 'Worshipful Company of Distillers Livery', a fraternal organization associated with the English distilling company, 2 in. diameter, featuring the company seal on the front along with its motto 'Drop as Rain, Distill as Dew.' The reverse is inscribed with the name and date 'Walter John Pickard April 21, 1955.' Accompanied by an original light blue ribbon. Pickard was group captain in the RAF during World War II, and was responsible for several V.I.P. flights, most notably transporting Churchill and Roosevelt to the Yalta Conference.

Lot: 542 - CZECH AIR FORCE 'RAF VOLUNTEER' PICKARD PILOT WINGS

CZECH AIR FORCE 'RAF VOLUNTEER' PICKARD PILOT WINGS A very scarce World War II medal, a pilot wings badge presented RAF Group Captain Walter J. Pickard who served as a station commander at Lyneham and was often responsible for several V.I.P. flights. Most notably in 1945 while stationed at Saki in Crimea, he was responsible for the safe travel of Winston Churchill and Franklin D. Roosevelt onto Soviet soil for the Yalta Conference. The roughly 1.75 x 2.5 in. badge features gilded pilot wings at the top of a silver laurel wreath with a sword bearing the coat of arms of Czechoslovakia. The reverse is marked as silver and bears the stamp of 'Spink and Son, London.' Slight tarnishing, else fine condition. Accompanied an original red leather presentation case. Rather surprisingly, these badges were most often awarded to British pilots.

Lot: 543 - DEUTSCHES JUNGVOLK BELT AND BUCKLE

DEUTSCHES JUNGVOLK BELT AND BUCKLE Brown leather belt, 38 in. long, marked 1937, with a brown leather cross strap, and a brass Deutsche Jungvolk buckle with a single brass 'sig' rune, unmarked. The buckle of the cross strap bears an RZM stamp followed by the number 1. The belt shows normal wear, but the leather remains supple, while the buckle is worn with most of the chrome absent or discolored. Minor dents and scratches.

Lot: 544 - FELDGENDARMARIE GORGET

FELDGENDARMARIE GORGET Feldgendarmerie gorget with chain, much original wear, the radium paint to the buttons and eagle still glowing, some paint to 'Feldgendarmerie' gone, chain intact but slightly oxidized, cloth on verso of gorget worn. Spots of oxidation to the front and back.

Lot: 545 - FLYING TIGERS BLOOD CHIT

FLYING TIGERS BLOOD CHIT Rare Flying Tiger blood chit on fragile cloth, meant to be carried on the aviator's person (versus heavier cloth versions sewn to flight jackets), 9 x 11.5 in., reading (loosely) in Chinese: "This foreign person has come to China to help in the war effort. Soldiers and civilians, one and all, should rescue and protect him." Accompanied by the same owner's Chine-Burma-India shoulder patch, scorched and worn a bit. Accompanied by a Texas gun dealer's business card with a typed not of provenance: 'ESCAPE PATCH OF FLYING TIGER ZEPH SWANGER...WITH BULLIAN [sic] SHOULDER PATCH [signed] Zeph Swanger'.

Lot: 546 - FREIKORPS SCHLAGETER BADGE

FREIKORPS SCHLAGETER BADGE Scarce Freikorps Schlageter badge, constructed of heavily silvered bronze with a vertical pin back, maker marked "PAUL KÜST ABZEICHEN ORDENFABRIK BERLIN S W 19", marked "GES. GESCH." and "101" on the reverse, measuring 48(w) x 60 mm (h), in overall fine condition. Albert Leo Schlageter (1894-1923) was a member of the German Freikorps. After the outbreak of the First World War, he became a voluntary emergency worker for the military. During the war, he participated in several battles, notably Ypres, the Somme and Verdun, earning both the Iron Cross First and Second Classes. Following his promotion to second lieutenant, he took part in the Third Battle of Ypres (1917). After the war he joined the Freikorps and took part in the Kapp Putsch and other battles between military and communist factions, and Schlageter's unit also merged with the emerging Nazi Party. Following the French occupation of the Ruhr in 1923, he led a group of nationalists in sabotage operations against the occupying force. The group managed to derail a number of trains. On April 7, 1923, information on Schlageter and his activities was obtained by the French, and he was arrested the following day. Tried by court-martial on May 7, 1923, he was condemned to death and executed on May 26. His 'martyr's death' was cultivated by German nationalist groups, in particular the Nazi Party. During the Third Reich, he was widely commemorated as a national hero.

Lot: 547 - FREIKORPS SCHLAGETER BADGE

FREIKORPS SCHLAGETER BADGE Scarce Freikorps Schlageter badge, constructed of heavily silvered bronze with a vertical pin back, maker marked "PAUL KÜST ABZEICHEN ORDENFABRIK BERLIN S W 19", marked "GES. GESCH." and "101" on the reverse, measuring 48(w) x 60 mm (h), in overall fine condition. Albert Leo Schlageter (1894-1923) was a member of the German Freikorps. After the outbreak of the First World War, he became a voluntary emergency worker for the military. During the war, he participated in several battles, notably Ypres, the Somme and Verdun, earning both the Iron Cross First and Second Classes. Following his promotion to second lieutenant, he took part in the Third Battle of Ypres (1917). After the war he joined the Freikorps and took part in the Kapp Putsch and other battles between military and communist factions, and Schlageter's unit also merged with the emerging Nazi Party. Following the French occupation of the Ruhr in 1923, he led a group of nationalists in sabotage operations against the occupying force. The group managed to derail a number of trains. On April 7, 1923, information on Schlageter and his activities was obtained by the French, and he was arrested the following day. Tried by court-martial on May 7, 1923, he was condemned to death and executed on May 26. His 'martyr's death' was cultivated by German nationalist groups, in particular the Nazi Party. During the Third Reich, he was widely commemorated as a national hero.

Lot: 548 - FRENCH COMBATANT'S A.E.F. ARMBAND

FRENCH COMBATANT'S A.E.F. ARMBAND Rare cloth armband issued to members of the French Resistance serving as translators and guides assisting the Allied Expeditionary Force following the D-Day landings. The armband, approx. 15 x 3.5 in., is constructed of blue cloth with an elastic strap, and bears a printed flaming sword with: 'COMBATTANT VOLONTAIRE AEF.' Of course, most of the advance special force units could not speak any foreign languages, and these armed guides worked with front line troops in interrogations, translating, and acting as local guides. The armbands also prevented their being shot as guerillas, as technically they were not otherwise 'in uniform'. Very good.

Lot: 549 - GENERAL ASSAULT BADGE

GENERAL ASSAULT BADGE German General Assault Badge, filled obverse, vertical pin. Unmarked. Overall very good.

Lot: 550 - GERMAN ARMY PATCHES (8)

GERMAN ARMY PATCHES (8) Lot of patches worn by members of the German Heer during World War II, various sizes, including a 1st Artillery Group patch, marksman proficiency patch, Hitler Youth motor patch, Spanish volunteer patch, mountain division patch, two rank pip patches, and one flat wire breast eagle. Accompanied by a Nazi Party collar tab. Conditions vary but mostly fine. Nine items.

Lot: 551 - GERMAN ARMY PATCHES (9)

GERMAN ARMY PATCHES (9) Lot of patches worn by members of the German Heer during World War II, various sizes, including two army trade patches, a Spanish volunteer's patch, signal corps patch, two panzer rank pip patches, a panzer breast eagle, and a farrier proficiency patch. Accompanied by a Nazi Party collar tab. Conditions vary but mostly fine. Nine items.

Lot: 552 - GERMAN GOLD EPAULET PIPS

Good lot of four gold general's pips (large size), three matching, 16mm. with soldered brass pins, nicely patinated.

Lot: 553 - GERMAN INFANTRY ASSAULT BADGE

GERMAN INFANTRY ASSAULT BADGE German Infantry Assault Badge, zinc composition, solid back with vertical pin, details remaining quite good.

Lot: 554 - GERMAN INSIGNIA (5)

GERMAN INSIGNIA (5) Lot of four pieces of German insignia, includes cockade, wreath, small Hitler Youth hat pin (one pin broken), a sharpshooter's anguillete emblem, and a cap eagle. Five pieces.

Lot: 555 - GERMAN MEDALS AND INSIGNIA (5)

GERMAN MEDALS AND INSIGNIA (5) A group of five various German medals or insignia including a Wound Badge in Black, a Wound Badge in Silver, an Eastern Front badge with ribbon, a Luftwaffe donation pin, and a Luftwaffe breast eagle. Conditions vary but mostly fine.

Lot: 556 - GERMAN PAINTED BELT BUCKLE

GERMAN PAINTED BELT BUCKLE Scarce painted German 'Gott Mit Uns' belt buckle, steel construction, the reverse stamped 'N & H' and 'L', made by Nolle & Hueck, Ludenscheid. Slightly worn.

Lot: 557 - GERMAN PINS AND MEDALS (8)

GERMAN PINS AND MEDALS (8) Lot of eight German pins and medals, various types, some defective.Two pieces lacking pins. Sold as a lot - should be seen.

Lot: 558 - GERMAN SILVER EPAULET PIPS

Good lot of 12 silver German epaulet pips, brass pins crimped to the silver decoration, fine condition.

Lot: 559 - GERMAN SILVER EPAULET PIPS

Good lot of 12 silver German epaulet pips, varying size, age, and patina, some soldered, some with brass pins crimped to the silver decoration. Overall very good.

Lot: 560 - GOT MIT UNS BELT BUCKLE

GOT MIT UNS BELT BUCKLE 'Gott Mit Uns' pebbled aluminum belt buckle, with national eagle at the center surrounded by a wreath of oak leaves. Two prongs present on the reverse. Slightly worn with discoloration. else fine.

Lot: 561 - HITLER YOUTH ARMBAND

HITLER YOUTH ARMBAND Hitler Youth cloth armband, 16 1/4 x 4 1/8 in., a BeVo mobile swastika affixed to a red and white striped backing, the ends joined. Original paper RZM tag remains within, a few tiny holes, else very good.

Lot: 562 - HITLER YOUTH BELT BUCKLE

HITLER YOUTH BELT BUCKLE Hitler Youth Belt Buckle, polished stamped steel with the motto: 'Blut und Ehre', marked 'RZM' and 'M4 / 28'. Fine.

Lot: 563 - HITLER YOUTH BELT BUCKLE

HITLER YOUTH BELT BUCKLE Pre-1933 unofficial HJ/DJ belt buckle. Die struck, sheet metal construction belt buckle with a nickel/silver plated finish and a printed card stock insert. Approx. 33mm tall, 47mm wide with slightly scalloped top and bottom edges. The face of the buckle has an inserted piece of card stock with a mobile swastika and a clear, protective celluloid covering. The reverse of the buckle is marked 'DRGM' indicating it is a registered design.

Lot: 564 - HITLER YOUTH LEADERS SPORTS BADGE IN GOLD

HITLER YOUTH LEADERS SPORTS BADGE IN GOLD Hitler Youth Leaders Sports Badge in Gold, gilt over brass, and black enamel. At center appears the the HJ proficiency rune, motto and swastika, mounted to black enamel, and with a golden oak leaves outer border. The reverse of the badge bears a large 'B' (the letter 'B' superseding the serial number and indicative of later awards), raised RZM trademark, and manufacturer number 'M1 / 101'. Bears a vertical flat-pin assembly.

Lot: 565 - IRON CROSS, FIRST CLASS WITH CASE

IRON CROSS, FIRST CLASS WITH CASE Pin-back Iron Cross, First Class, approx. 1.75 in. square, bearing the date '1939' beneath a mobile swastika on the face, indicating that it was issued during World War II. The retaining pin is maker marked '65', indicating that it was manufactured by Carl Wild of Hamburg. The medal is housed in a black leatherette case, approx. 2.75 in. square, with the outline of the medal stenciled on the lid. The medal is lightly oxidized, still retaining some of its original silver lacquer while the case is fine.

Lot: 566 - IRON CROSS, FIRST CLASS WITH SCREW-BACK

IRON CROSS, FIRST CLASS WITH SCREW-BACK Scarce 1939 Iron Cross, 1st Class, with disc-type screw back. Good condition, slight wear and oxidation to the black painted surface, silver tarnished as one would expect.

Lot: 567 - KRIM SHIELD

KRIM SHIELD Krim Shield with green cloth backing, some old stitching remaining, in very good condition.

Lot: 568 - KUBAN SHIELD

KUBAN SHIELD Unissued Kuban shield on gray/green wool backing, solid brass, 'K' width uniform, but badly corroded and sold as is .

Lot: 569 - LATVIAN AIR DIVISION BADGE IN SILVER

LATVIAN AIR DIVISION BADGE IN SILVER Rare Latvian Air Division Badge, commonly called the Latvian Pilot Badge. This two-part badge bears a stern, downward-looking silver eagle with outstretched wings, somewhat bowed and 3 in. long, nicely details. The reverse bears no mark, but the screw-on fastener bears the maker's name: 'J. EDELHAUS RIGA' and 'MAKSL GRAVES IEST'. The eagle is suspended by two chains beneath the diamond-shaped red enameled mobile swastika inset into silver, also unmarked but with the screw-on fasteners bearing the same maker's marking as does the eagle. The enamel is completely intact, though a minute spot may be very slightly discolored. Some tarnish, overall in excellent condition. The Latvian Aviation Regiment was established in 1919 out of native Latvian pilots who were part of the Russian Imperial Air Force. Once a peace between Latvia and the Soviet Union was signed in 1920, the independent Latvian air forces continued until overrun by the Soviet Union at the start of World War II. Latvian pilots continued to fly with the German Luftwaffe ex-patria, wearing Luftwaffe uniforms with a combination of German and Lativian pilot insignia. This badge was issued in gold for officers, silver for NCOs.

Lot: 570 - LUFTWAFFE BELT BUCKLE

LUFTWAFFE BELT BUCKLE German Luftwaffe belt buckle, bearing a stamped design of national eagle with swastika and Luftwaffe eagle. Silver finish slightly faded. Minor rust spots on the reverse. Small section of leather still present pressed with the mark of 'H. Aurich Dresden 1939.'

Lot: 571 - LUFTWAFFE FLAK BADGE

LUFTWAFFE FLAK BADGE A late war Luftwaffe Flak Badge, zinc alloy with magnetic pin, unmarked with a solid back, a good example.

Lot: 572 - MINESWEEPER BADGE

MINESWEEPER BADGE German Minesweeper Badge, gilt Tombac with vertical pin, gilded and silvered with much of the gilding remaining intact, solid back with vertical pin, overall very good.

Lot: 573 - MISCELLANEOUS GERMAN INSIGNIA (12)

MISCELLANEOUS GERMAN INSIGNIA (12) Lot of ten German pins or insignia including two cap eagles, Frauennorden badge, Winterhilfswerk donation pin, pilots pin, May Day tinnie, 1934 Saar tinnie, etc. Conditions vary but mostly good. Sold as-is. Twelve items.

Lot: 574 - MISCELLANEOUS GERMAN INSIGNIA (8)

MISCELLANEOUS GERMAN INSIGNIA (8) Lot of eight German pins or medals including a black wound badge, Barnstein badge, Eastern front badge, a workers badge, etc. Conditions vary but mostly good.

Lot: 575 - MOTHER'S CROSS IN GOLD

MOTHER'S CROSS IN GOLD A fine example of the NSDAP Mother's Cross award in gold with original ribbon and presentation case. Slight wear to the case, else very good.

Lot: 576 - N.S.D.A.P. ARMBAND WITH RZM TAG

N.S.D.A.P. ARMBAND WITH RZM TAG Great representative example of the desirable wool N.S.D.A.P armband, 19.5 x 4.25 in., constructed with a six-piece black tape swastika on a ribbed white roundel, then stitched to a red wool field. Unsewn at the ends. Inside, the original RZM paper tag is still present with manufacturer's code 'A4/344'. Very fine condition.

Lot: 577 - NAZI AFIKA KORPS LAPEL PIN

NAZI AFIKA KORPS LAPEL PIN A lapel pin worn by a member of the DAK or 'Deutsche Afrika Korps', the Wehrmacht forces who fought in the North Africa campaign of World War II. The small 1.5 in pin consists of a white enameled palm tree with a swastika affixed to the trunk. The back is stamped with the mark 'Ges. Geshe.' Slight discoloration on the verso, else fine. Because of controversy over the authenticity of these pins, about evenly split, this item is sold as-is.

Lot: 578 - NSDAP ARMBAND

NSDAP ARMBAND An original cotton armband of an NSDAP party member, 7 x 4.25 in., sewn together at the ends. The face bears a clamp-dyed black swastika on a white disc. No other stamps or marks are present.

Lot: 579 - NSDAP ARMBAND

NSDAP ARMBAND An original cotton armband of an NSDAP party member, 7 x 4.25 in., sewn together at the ends. The face bears a clamp-dyed black swastika on a white disc. The original RZM tag is present on the interior. Fine condition.

Lot: 580 - NSDAP POLITICAL LEADER'S BELT WITH BUCKLE

NSDAP POLITICAL LEADER'S BELT WITH BUCKLE NSDAP Political Leader's Belt with Buckle, the buckle in excellent condition with just a tiny area of surface oxidation at two o'clock. Gilt aluminum, marked 'RZM M 4/27', with 39 in. long brown leather belt, leather a bit dry in places. Overall very good.

Lot: 581 - NSFK POWERED AIRCRAFT PILOTS BADGE

NSFK POWERED AIRCRAFT PILOTS BADGE NSFK Free Powered Aircraft Pilots Badge, 2nd pattern, very heavily corroded and likely 'dug' example, a maker's mark barely visible on reverse on port wing. Sold strictly as-is due to condition.

Lot: 582 - NSKK FLATWIRE PATCH

NSKK FLATWIRE PATCH NSKK Drivers patch, a diamond-shaped patch 2.75 in. tall, constructed of silver 'flatwire' applied to a black rayon backing. The verso of the batch still bears remnants of an RZM paper label. Very good to fine.

Lot: 583 - SHAEF AND OCCUPATION PATCHES

SHAEF AND OCCUPATION PATCHES Lot of four American uniform shoulder patches, two certainly war-date, one of which is two-piece and lined. Very good.

Lot: 584 - SPANGE TO THE IRON CROSS, 1st CLASS

SPANGE TO THE IRON CROSS, 1st CLASS Spange to the Iron Cross, 1st Class, Pin back with flat wire catch on the reverse is fully intact. Pin is maker marked 'L/50'. Overall in excellent detail, in very good to fine condition.

Lot: 585 - SPANGE TO THE IRON CROSS, 2ND CLASS

SPANGE TO THE IRON CROSS, 2ND CLASS Spange to the Iron Cross, 2nd Class, with all four pins on the reverse intact. Excellent detail remaining, overall very good to fine.

Lot: 586 - SS SYMPATHIZER BADGE

SS SYMPATHIZER BADGE A small tinnie pin, 2.75 in. long, issued by the Nazi SS to citizens who contributed a large monetary donation to their cause. The circular pin is .75 in, diameter with a typical leaf motif added and the wording 'Dank Der SS Fur Treue Hilfe in Der Kampfzeit.' The reverse bears a raised 'Ges. Gesche' mark and the original issue number of '225 831.

Lot: 587 - U.S. ARMY MEDIC ARMBANDS

U.S. ARMY MEDIC ARMBANDS Dealer lot of four U.S. Army cloth medic's armbands,each approx. 17 x 3.75 in. white canvas with a red cross stitched thereon, three to be affixed with pins, one bearing buttons with three sets of holes. Nera fine.

Lot: 588 - U.S. ARMY NUREMBERG GUARD’S PATCH

U.S. ARMY NUREMBERG GUARD'S PATCH A fine patch worn by a U.S. Army guard stationed at Nuremberg during the famous war crime trials, oval-shaped, roughly 2.5 x 4 in., featuring a broken German national eagle on a red background, below a scale of justice on a blue background. Stitched with a border of gilded yellow thread. Moderately worn, likely from age, else fine.

Lot: 589 - S.A. SPORTS ARMBAND

S.A. SPORTS ARMBAND S.A. Sports armband worn by participants in S.A. sports competitions, 16 x 4 in. cotton with embroidered sword, oak leaves and swastika, joined at rear. With paper RZM tag within. Light staining, else fine.

Lot: 590 - VOLKSTURM ARMBAND

VOLKSTURM ARMBAND Narrow cotton armband, 2.25 in. wide, bearing printed text: 'DEUTSCHER VOLKSSTURM WEHRMACHT' with two national eagle and swastika symbols, sewn. Near fine condition. Worn by members of the Volkssturm, the national militia established in the waning days of the war.

Lot: 591 - VON TSCHAMMER UND OSTEN SPORTS MEDAL

VON TSCHAMMER UND OSTEN SPORTS MEDAL Constructed of bronze, the obverse with a raised leftward-facing profile of Hans von Tschammer und Osten, circumscribed by name, the reverse with an inscription of "IN ANERKENNUNG EINER HERVORRAGENDEN LEISTUNG GEGEBEN VOM REICHSSPORTFÜHRER" ("IN RECOGNITION OF EXCEPTIONAL PROFICIENCY BY THE REICH SPORTS LEADER"), maker marked "L. CHR. LAUER, NUERNBERG", measuring 50 mm. in diameter, in fine condition.

Lot: 592 - WORLD WAR II SHOULDER PATCHES (19)

WORLD WAR II SHOULDER PATCHES (19) Good selection of nineteen (19) World War II American shoulder patches, none fluorescing, including 101st Airborne, SHAEF, 9th Air Force, 98th Infantry, etc., many apparently worn. Sold as a lot.

Lot: 593 - WOUND BADGE IN SILVER

WOUND BADGE IN SILVER Wound Badge in Silver, in base metal. Reverse is solid, with a raised maker number '30' (maker: Hauptmünzamt, Vienna). Needle pin construction, with integral bottom hook arrangement. Finish is worn, estimated accordingly.

Lot: 594 - ITALIAN PRESENTATION DAGGER WITH HANGER AND CASE

ITALIAN PRESENTATION DAGGER WITH HANGER AND CASE A fine presentation dagger, an Italian M37 dagger worn by officers of the National Fascist Party along with its fitted case. This dagger was presented to ACHILLE STARACE (1889-1945), commandante of the G.I.L., who would have received the dagger directly from the hands of Benito Mussolini. The dagger is 7.75 in. blade, 12 in. overall, steel and white celluloid grip fastened by screws with the 'fasces' symbol of the Italian Fascist Party on one side, bearing an eagle-head shaped pommel and one curved quillon. The grip is engraved with the words 'Il Commandante Generale Della G.I.L.' ('The Commanding General of the G.I.L'). The blade is in very fine condition with no dents and retaining much of its original shine, and is unmarked. Accompanied by its fine black metal and brass scabbard in near fine condition. Also present is the appropriate black leather and brass hanger, constructed of two conjoining clasps and featuring a large eagle at the top and cursive letter 'M' [for ‘Mussolini']. Both items are housed within a black leather presentation case featuring the seal of the Fascist Party and marked by Italian maker 'Ventrella Gioelleria' in Rome. A minor expert repair has been effected to the hinge side of the case. Overall very good to fine. The 'G.I.L.' or 'Gioventu Italiana del Littorio' was the consolidated Youth Movement of the Italian Fascist party first established in 1937, akin to the Hitler Youth organization in Germany. It was created to supervise and influence the minds of all youths, training them as 'the fascists of tomorrow.' Members above the age of 18 were called to fight in the Royal Army when World War II began. From a collection of items consigned to us by the estate of a four-star American general who participated in the liberation of Germany.

Lot: 595 - SS 'GROUND ROHM' DAGGER WITH HANGER AND SCABBARD

SS Dagger with Scabbard with ground-down inscription: 'In herzlicher freundschaft Ernst Rohm' by maker Boker of Solingen-Remscheid. Pommel nut shows no signs of being forced and is untouched, and the upper and lower crossguards retains good detail, the latter affected by just a bit of verdigris on the reverse which is marked with an 'I'. The ebony wood grip is excellent, with perfectly set roundel and eagle, certainly original to the piece. The motto on the front of the blade still bears a very substantial amount of the black shadowing to the lettering, though the reverse inscription by Rohm was ground-down per orders of the NSDAP, somewhat affecting the Boker maker's mark. The blade has also been sharpened, though that defect is not particularly noticeable, and the end of the blade has been reshaped as is often the case with these ground blades. The scabbard body is straight and free of dents and dings, and the anodized finish is remains partially intact. There are a few dents to the scabbard tip ball, as shown. Fittings to the scabbard are very good, despite two small dings, and all four screws remain in place. An original hanger is also clipped at the throat of the scabbard, RZM marked 'M5c/93'. Overall very good.

Lot: 596 - GERMAN NPEA STUDENT DAGGER

GERMAN NPEA STUDENT DAGGER A fine example of this very scarce dagger given to a German student attending an NPEA 'Nationalpolitische Erziehungsanstalten', ('National Political Teaching Institute'), which were secondary boarding schools run by the Nazi Party in Germany with the intent of indoctrinating the youth with National Socialist ideals. The dagger is 8.75 in. blade, 13.5 in. overall, polished wood grip with nickel pommel and cross guard in the style of an SA dagger. The blade is in fine condition with no nicks or dents, acid etched with the motto of NPEA, 'Mehr sein als scheinen' ('Be More than you Appear') and marked on the ricasso by maker Karl Burgsmuller. Given that there is no insignia affixed to the grip means this is a student version of the dagger. Accompanied by a likely replacement metal scabbard that is moderately scratched and dented. Some discoloration to the guard and pommel, yet overall good condition. NPEA schools were intensely political, deliberately working to make their cadets fervent believers in the Nazi regime and its ideology. This is reflected in the percentage of attendees who eventually entered the SS (13%), much higher than the 1.8% of the general German population.

Lot: 597 - GERMAN K98 BAYONET WITH SCABBARD OF FROG

GERMAN K98 BAYONET WITH SCABBARD OF FROG German K-98 bayonet with scabbard, 9.75 in. blade, 15 in. overall, wooden grip secured by two screws, ricasso on blade marked unmarked with serial number '1377' engraved into the cross guard. Interestingly the opposite side of the guard is engraved 'P.R.8', likely standing for 'Pioneer Regiment 8.'Historically, the primary role of pioneer units was to assist other arms in tasks such as the construction of field fortifications, military camps, bridges, and roads. Blade in fine condition with no nicks or dents. Accompanied by scabbard and black leather frog that is marked on the reverse by maker 'Stecher Frenburg[?] 1941.' Moderate wear throughout, else a very good, presentable example.

Lot: 598 - IMPERIAL BAVARIAN HUNTING CUTLASS

IMPERIAL BAVARIAN HUNTING CUTLASS Fine example of an Imperial Bavarian Hunting Cutlass by Carl Eickhorn, Solingen. Beautiful chased silver fittings include an intricately-designed lion's head pommel, scroll work and acorns on the black horn grip, and hooves and clam shell on the crossguard. The 16 inch blade is unsharpened and bears some scattered surface oxidation. The blade's leather washer is still present. Accompanied by the original scabbard, black leather with silvered fitting, one also adorned with an acorn. Overall a very attractive example.

Lot: 599 - ENGRAVED K-98 GERMAN PARADE BAYONET BY KREBS

ENGRAVED K-98 GERMAN PARADE BAYONET BY KREBS A scarcer engraved K-98 German Army Parade Bayonet by Krebs, 7.75 in. blade, 12.5 in. long overall. The checkered, pommel and guard are in very good to fine condition. The blade is engraved: 'Zue Erinnerung an meine Dienstzeit' ('In memory of my service time'). Blade is somewhat oxidized, but still entirely presentable. Complete with scabbard with most paint completely intact, and leather frog.

Lot: 600 - GERMAN BAYONET AND SCABBARD RECOVERED ON KWAJALEIN

GERMAN BAYONET AND SCABBARD RECOVERED ON KWAJALEIN A very curious relic from Kwajalein Atoll, a German Model 1891 'MODELO ARGENTINO 1891' bayonet, 20.25 in. long overall, the reverse of the blade reading: 'WEYERSBERG, KIRSCHBAUM & CO., SOLINGEN'. The grip is of some type of bakelite or similar composite, fitting oxidized, as is the blade which still retains a sharp edge. Accompanied by a metal scabbard, likely matching, some yellow paint remaining, jury-rigged with rice string and cord to fashion a belt loop. The Germans manufactured some equipment for Japanese forces, certainly including this bayonet. Found on Kwajalein, site of a major s invasion by the 7th U.S. Army Division, by our consignor in the 1970s. Sold with his letter of provenance.

Lot: 601 - GERMAN DRESS BAYONET

GERMAN DRESS BAYONET Dress issue M98 bayonet, 9.5 in. blade, 14.5 in. overall, with a ribbed composite handle secured by domed rivets, housed in an 11 in. metal scabbard. The blade bears the mark of the maker Weyersberg, Kirschbaum & Co, and retains much of its original chrome with a few minor spots of oxidation while slightly loose from the handle. Scabbard scratched and dented.

Lot: 602 - GERMAN FIRE PARADE BAYONET

GERMAN FIRE PARADE BAYONET German Police Parade Bayonet by Carl Henkel, 12.5 in. long, black checkered grips very tightly secured with two domed rivets, pommel and hand guard bright and clean, the blade shiny and relatively untouched, leather washer still present. Lacks scabbard.

Lot: 603 - GERMAN FIREMAN'S BAYONET

GERMAN FIREMAN'S BAYONET Original World War II German fireman's dress bayonet and scabbard, 11 in. (blade), 15.75 in. (overall), maker marked by Eickhorn, Solingen. The blade and handle are clean. Black painted scabbard worn, with no dents or dings. Very good.

Lot: 604 - GERMAN K-98 MAUSER BAYONET

GERMAN K-98 MAUSER BAYONET German K-98 bayonet with scabbard, ricasso on blade marked '43.cul' with unmatched scabbard, blade in very nice condition, scabbard a bit oxidized.

Lot: 605 - GERMAN K-98 MAUSER BAYONET

GERMAN K-98 MAUSER BAYONET German K-98 bayonet with scabbard, ricasso on blade marked 'E.u.F.Horster' with serial number '6493', a few nicks to the otherwise very good blade. Unmatched 1942 scabbard has a small dent.

Lot: 606 - GERMAN K-98 MAUSER BAYONET

GERMAN K-98 MAUSER BAYONET German K-98 bayonet with scabbard, ricasso on blade marked '43.crs' with unmatched scabbard, blade in good condition, 1939 Eickhorn scabbard a bit oxidized.

Lot: 607 - GERMAN KS-98 PARADE BAYONET

GERMAN KS-98 PARADE BAYONET German KS-98 Parade Bayonet with Scabbard, 7.75 in. blade, 12.5 in. long overall. The checkered grip, washer and blade are in excellent condition, the blade showing only a very small spot of oxidation. The pommel shows some surface pitting to the plating. The scabbard is straight and bears no dents, paint is moderately worn.

Lot: 608 - GERMAN POLICE PARADE BAYONET BY WKC

GERMAN POLICE PARADE BAYONET BY WKC German Police Parade Bayonet by WKC, 13 in. blade, 17.5 in. overall. Beautifully detailed pommel with stag horn grip atached by two rivets. Police insignia is attached to the center of the grip, just a bit loose. The crossguard also still retains excellent detail, and is punch-stamped on the reverse: 'S.B.2702'. The blade is in fine condition with very distinct maker's markings, virtually no running marks, flawed only by a bit of rust along the top of the blade, only about an inch of two long. Sold with the original leather-covered scabbard, the leather also in excellent condition with the metal tip bearing typical surface wear. Leather frog is also present, lightly worn, supple, and completely intact. Overall very good or better.

Lot: 609 - GERMAN RED CROSS HEWER

GERMAN RED CROSS HEWER Deutsche Rotes Kreuz (German Red Cross) hewer, 10.5 x 15.75 in., featuring a black checkered Bakelite grip on the obverse, and a smooth grip on the reverse, these held by the original fixing screws, now slightly oxidized. The cross guard remains firm while the Red Cross emblem is broken in half and secured with tape. The reverse ricasso of the blade is marked 'Ges. Geschutzt' behind the cross guard extension. The blade is generally in good condition with some evidence of run marks. This scabbard is constructed of black-painted steel with an aluminum drag and throat and shows minor dents. Just good.

Lot: 610 - HEER CAVALRY SABER

HEER CAVALRY SABER A Nazi era German army cavalry saber, 31 in. blade, 36 in. overall, 'lion head' style brass pommel and black celluloid coiled wire grip engraved with oak leaves and acorns, 'B' shaped patterned hand guard. The cross guard with one curved quillon engraved on both sides, one being the German cavalry symbol, crossed swords surrounded by a wreath. The blade with one fuller bears scattered oxidation, the worst being at the ricasso obscuring any marks, yet has no other nicks or dents. Accompanied by black metal scabbard with one clasp. Pommel, guards, and scabbard all heavily oxidized. Just good.

Lot: 611 - HEER OFFICER'S DAGGER BY EICKHORN

HEER OFFICER'S DAGGER BY EICKHORN Heer officer's dagger with a nicely-aged dark amber grip, completely intact. The pommel and crossguard retain good detail, though the plating on both is substantially worn. The blade has been rather poorly ground, or may be a modern replacement. Leather washer is present. The scabbard is a bit tarnished, and either side near the tip bears a small dent. Sold as-is.

Lot: 612 - HEER OFFICER'S DAGGER BY WKC

HEER OFFICER'S DAGGER BY WKC Very attractive Heer officer's dagger with hangers, portepee and scabbard. The dagger bears a beautifully-aged dark amber grip, completely intact. The pommel and crossguard retain a great deal of detail, though the plating on both is substantially worn. The blade is just a tad 'misty' with almost no corrosion, and the WKC maker's mark is distinct and bold. Leather washer is not present. The dagger bears a Luftwaffe portepee which was tied to it long ago, probably by its original owner, as evident by wear in the appropriate areas. The scabbard, though a bit tarnished, is straight and essentially free of and significant defects. A good set of hangers are attached thereto, and they are likewise in very good condition. Overall a very nice, original piece.

Lot: 613 - HEER OFFICER'S SABER BY WKC WITH PORTAPEE

HEER OFFICER'S SABER BY WKC WITH PORTAPEE A Nazi-era German army officer' saber, 35 in. blade, 40 in. overall, 'dove head' style brass pommel and coiled wire grip engraved with oak leaves and acorns, 'B' shaped patterned hand guard. The cross guard with one curved quillon is blank on one side for an additional engraving while the other features a Wehrmacht eagle with outstretched wings clutching a swastika. Tied around the handguard is a silver braided portapee with green strap likely meaning the sword was owned by an NCO. The blade bears a few nicks and spots of discoloration yet retains much of its original shine. The ricasso bears the knight's head makers mark of WKC. Accompanied by a black metal scabbard with one clasp and a few dents and scratches. Overall good condition.

Lot: 614 - HITLER YOUTH KNIFE BY GRAWISO

HITLER YOUTH KNIFE BY GRAWISO Very fine condition Hitler Youth knife with scabbard by Grawiso, untouched black checkered grip with inset H.J. emblem which is near perfect. The chrome on guard and pommel are likewise near perfect, and only the chrome strap on the underside bear traces of oxidation. The blade is also in excellent condition, the 'Blut und Ehre!' engraving distinct, with only a trace of corrosion. The Grawiso maker's mark on the reverse of the blade is deep and distinct. The original leather washer is present. The scabbard with brown leather hanger is included, the paint to the scabbard more intact than is usually seen, about 90%. A very nice example.

Lot: 615 - HITLER YOUTH KNIFE BY PUMA

HITLER YOUTH KNIFE BY PUMA Hitler Youth knife with scabbard, black checkered grip with inset H.J. emblem which bears a couple of tiny chips, chrome on guard and pommel very good. Blade is fair to good, with 'Blut und Ehre!' engraving a bit light, some light surface corrosion, and the blade has been sharpened. Stamped with Puma maker's mark, as well as 'RZM M7/27 1938'. Scabbard and leather belt hanger present, paint on outer side of scabbard largely gone.

Lot: 616 - HITLER YOUTH KNIFE WITH SCABBARD

HITLER YOUTH KNIFE WITH SCABBARD Good condition Hitler Youth Knife with scabbard, the checkered grip and chrome cross guard are slightly loose while the HJ diamond is in excellent condition. At the pommel the chrome bears some discoloration near the grip. The blade is moderately worn with some oxidation and nicks, while the typical 'Blut und Ehre!' engraving is absent meaning it was manufactured after 1938. Leather washer intact and in place. Scabbard paint is excellent, and no dents or dings evident, and the black leather hanger is likewise good. Blade bears an RZM mark 'M7/14 1941', no maker's hallmark is present. Overall very good.

Lot: 617 - JAPANESE ARISAKA BAYONET

JAPANESE ARISAKA BAYONET Japanese Arisaka straight single-fullered bayonet, steel hilt with hooked quillon, steel pommel, wood scale grips attached with rivets. Scabbard of smooth blued steel, with frog loop. Th ricasso is marked with a maker's mark of interlocking circles: this signified the Tokyo Arsenal up to 1936, after which production was moved to the Kokura Arsenal. Grip a bit worn, blade lightly oxidized, overall good to very good.

Lot: 618 - JAPANESE TYPE 30 BAYONET

JAPANESE TYPE 30 BAYONET Japanese World War II-era Type 30 sword bayonet with scabbard, 15.5 in. blade, 20 in. overall, with wood grips secured with oval washers, and a straight quillion. The end of the pommel bears the serial number '64137'. Manufacturer's markings to the ricasso indicate it was created by an unknown company under Kokura supervision. The blade has been coated in cosmoline. With scabbard. Very good condition. The Type 30 was used with the Arisaka Type 30, Type 38, and Type 99 rifles, and was in service from the Russo Japanese war to the end of World War II.

Lot: 619 - LEGITIMUS WORLD WAR II MACHETE

LEGITIMUS WORLD WAR II MACHETE A fine World War II era machete, 26 in. blade, 31 in. overall, with a black wood handle secured by three screws. The blade is moderately oxidized and bears a maker's mark on one side of 'Legitimus Colins and Co.', no. 628, while the other features an affixed tag for the Collins company written in Spanish. Accompanied by a fine patterned leather sheath also with a stamp of the Collins company. Machete such as these were often used by American soldiers stationed in South America during World War II.

Lot: 620 - M1943 SPANISH MAUSER BAYONET

M1943 SPANISH MAUSER BAYONET M1943 Spanish Mauser bayonet by Fabrique Nationael (Belgium), with scabbard. Condition a bit rough.

Lot: 621 - SA DAGGER WITH SCABBARD

SA DAGGER WITH SCABBARD SA dagger approx. 9.75 in. blade, 14.5 in. overall, with hardwood handle, solid nickel-silver cross guard, and brown anodized scabbard. The ricasso bears the maker's mark 'RZM M/7 49.' The acid-etched 'Alles fur Deutschland' motto on the side of the blade has lightened slightly, and the blade itself shows evidence of run marks but no other nicks or dents. The brown anodized scabbard bears solid nickel-silver fittings which bear some small dents, and scabbard generally remains in good shape. The hardwood grip bears some dings, but the enameled SA rune button and national eagle fit well and remain in fine condition. Overall good.

Lot: 622 - STERLING SILVER SS DAGGER

STERLING SILVER SS DAGGER Sterling silver SS dagger, 6.5 in., very detailed and in fine condition. Marked on the crossguard: 'SILBER .900 FEIN'. Rare!

Lot: 623 - WALTHER SPORTMODELL .22 CAL RIFLE

WALTHER SPORTMODELL .22 CAL RIFLE A fine bolt action, single shot .22 caliber 'Walther Sportmodell' rifle, 31 in. barrel, 43.5 in. overall, serial number 27451, 'N Nitro' proof marks present, circa 1930s, with a smooth wooden finish, very good bore and stock. Near the action is an inscription that reads 'Waffenfabrik Walther Zella Mehlis Thuringen' and slightly further down the barrel the name of the model 'Walther Sportmodell.' All pieces in fine condition and presumed functional although not tested. Clasp on the stock would have held a leather strap now absent. A few spots of oxidation else very good.

Lot: 624 - PARATROOPER'S M1 HELMET FROM 101ST AIRBORNE DIVISION

An excessively rare find, a U.S. Army M2 helmet bearing the white stenciled markings of the 101st Airborne Division on the shell. The helmet features fixed metal 'D' bales, with sewn-in straps complete with the proper nickle steel snaps, but unfortunately missing the chin-cup. Exterior shell shows typical paint flaking to the rim, revealing the bright stainless steel rim band seamed in the front, all of which are hallmarks of early World War II helmets. While the right 'D' bale is bent, as is often the case, their semi-circular 'D' shape distinguishes the piece as an airborne helmet. The Airborne divisions used the fixed 'D' bales for most of the war. Liner is made by Inland, and is absolutely correct for this first generation of airborne helmets. It bears the correct World War II-style herringbone webbing and nape strap, complete with period leather chin strap. It also features numerous additions unique to paratrooper helmet liners, including the 'A'-shaped yokes on each side, still with buckles at each end, as well two snaps beneath the bales. Part of the interior webbing bears the manufacturer's stamp: 'W E-009-cm-16882...SIZE: MEDIUM...M. M. CO.' The interior of the helmet shell bears a faint alpha-numerical heat stamp number of '325D' on the lower front brim. Each side of the exterior shell bears a 'heart'-shaped stencil with one tick at its 9 o'clock position, designating the wearer's unit as the 502nd Parachute Infantry Regiment, Third Battalion, within the 101st Airborne Division. Divisional paratroopers commonly used such symbols, to aid with quick assembly after chaotic landings. The 502nd Parachute Infantry Regiment famously participated in the Invasion of Normandy, Operation Market Garden, and the Battle of the Bulge. Some slight stress cracks to the exterior of the shell, with one negligible crack towards the rim as is typical to this first generation helmet. Still very good to fine condition, and in much better condition than is typically seen.

Lot: 625 - FALLSCHRIMJAGER MEDIC HELMET COVER

FALLSCHRIMJAGER MEDIC HELMET COVER A very rare cloth helmet cover that would have been worn by a German medic in a paratrooper unit. Featuring a red cross on white background at the front, the cover is designed in the circular shape of an M38 Fallshrimager helmet. A single, folded-over seam appears at the back of the cover. Six hooks with two eyes each have been sewn to the interior of the cover and remain firmly attached. Ink stamped on the rim of the interior is 'BR 68[?]' and 'Franz Schwab Fanebruck[?].' Cloth and paint show no evidence of fluorescence, the paint age-cracked as expected. Scattered stains with a few small holes to the top and sides. A virtually impossible helmet cover to authenticate, therefore sold as is and estimated accordingly.

Lot: 626 - GERMAN ARMY PANZER BERET COVER

GERMAN ARMY PANZER BERET COVER A fine example of the black wool beret cover worn by a member of the German army's panzer corps. This cover would have been stretched over an interior 'crash helmet' constructed of rubber and worn for the purpose of protecting the wearer's head while inside a tank. The cover is rough 12.5 in. diameter with a BeVo style machine-embroidered cloth national eagle above a cockade between a double spray of oak leaves. Interestingly, affixed over the red cockade at the center is a Totenkopf ('dead head') unit insignia of the German Panzer Corps. This insignia, usually worn on the collar tabs of panzer soldiers, was likely affixed on purpose to give it the appearance of a Waffen-SS Panzer beret, for which it may have at one time been substituted. No evidence of moth holes or tears, very fine condition.

Lot: 627 - LUFTWAFFE CRUSHER STYLE VISOR CAP

LUFTWAFFE CRUSHER STYLE VISOR CAP Rare Luftwaffe Crusher Cap. Although technically not a true 'crusher' cap, as evidenced by the presence of the patent leather visor, this is a truly a unique, private purchase visor cap custom made in the 'crusher' style. There is no internal stiffening wire to the body of this visor cap, which is made of a grey tricot gabardine. Silver aluminum braid piping runs the perimeter of the cap top as well as the bottom of the main body of the cap, also present below the black woven head band. Bears an officers rank twisted silver/aluminum chin cord attached with two silvered aluminum buttons. The cap is adorned with all hand embroidered silver/aluminum bullion Luftwaffe insignia. This original second pattern Luftwaffe bullion eagle is an unusual type, hand embroidered directly to a piece of tricot material, seemingly matching the exact same material used to construct the main body of the cap. It is folded into a triangle shape and hand-sewn in place. A high quality oakleaf wreath and stylized wings are also all hand embroidered in silver/aluminum wire as well as the national tri-color cockade. Wreath shows grey and yellowed accent threads and the national tri-color cockade is constructed in black cloth thread and silver/aluminum wire threads, with the center being of red wool. The winged wreath and cockade are sewn directly to the cut-out black wool base which is also hand stitched to the black headband.The visors black patent leather bill is in good condition showing minor grazing and cracking throughout. The interior of the cap is lined with a tan colored rayon lining with an unusual ribbed pattern, which is hand-sewn to the caps body under the sweatband. The lining shows some wear and mild sweat staining throughout. The leather sweatband is fully intact showing light wear marks and a darkening to the front portion, the right side of the sweatband bears the stamped logo of the maker 'ELEGANT'. Partial diamond shaped sweat shield with no size stamp remaining, the cap is approximately a size 58. Worn from use, a few minor spots of mothing, else very good condition.

Lot: 628 - AMERICAN SUMMER FLIGHT HELMET

AMERICAN SUMMER FLIGHT HELMET American leather summer flight helmet use during World War II, believed to be of the type issed to B-29 crews, front edges a bit worn, one tear to the lining and ear openings 'improved' when widened by the original owner of the helmet. Very good.

Lot: 629 - ARMY AIR CORPS FLIGHT HELMET WITH HEADPHONES

ARMY AIR CORPS FLIGHT HELMET WITH HEADPHONES Great pair of Navy pilot items, includes an AAF summer flight helmet Model AN-H-15, with padded ears, made by the Society Brand Hat Co., sold with a USN/USAAF Western Electric ANB-H-1 Flying Helmet Receiver Headphones Set, with cord. Both remain in excellent condition.

Lot: 630 - ARMY FLIGHT HELMET, HEADPHONES, AND ACCESSORIES

ARMY FLIGHT HELMET, HEADPHONES, AND ACCESSORIES Nice grouping of Army aviation items, includes a B-6 fleece-lined flight helmet, torn in several places, fitted with Little SpitFire headphones with cord; two throat mics, and a SW-141-AC corded switch.

Lot: 631 - B-2 LEATHER FLIGHT CAP

B-2 LEATHER FLIGHT CAP War-date B-2 leather and sheepskin flight cap, typically worn by B-17 crewmen, an original label from Perry Sportswear Co, Newburgh, NY, 1942. Only moderately worn but two inches of the brim has let go from the body as stitching has let go, but this could be repaired with some patience. Overall very good.

Lot: 632 - BRITISH WORLD WAR II FIELD CAP

BRITISH WORLD WAR II FIELD CAP A fine World War II British Army field cap in khaki colored wool originally a part of the 'Army Service Dress Tunic pattern 22', no marks present other than an interior stamp of 'W D' with an upwards facing arrow in the middle. Slight discoloration to the sweatband from use, else very good.

Lot: 633 - GERMAN ARMY M-42 OVERSEAS CAP

GERMAN ARMY M-42 OVERSEAS CAP Heer EM/NCO M-42 overseas field cap in green wool with sewn national eagle and cockade in 'T' shape at the center, two silver buttons connecting the side flaps. Ink stamped on liner within '57, 6, 43,'. Lightly worn from use, else very fine.

Lot: 634 - GERMAN ARMY M-43 CAP

GERMAN ARMY M-43 CAP Heer EM/NCO M-43 field cap with visor in green wool with sewn national eagle and cockade in trapezoid shape at the center, two silver buttons connecting side flaps. Ink stamped within with size '57', no other marks present. Worn interior likely from use, overall very good condition.

Lot: 635 - GERMAN POLICE SHAKO

GERMAN POLICE SHAKO German police shako, with vulcanfibre black crown and visor. Constructed of green wool with silver-color fittings, a large National Police eagle with swastika and wreath in silver affixed at front. A cockade is placed above the eagle in black, gold, and red. Two ventilators with screen covers appear on each side. Tan leather lining chipped and worn but present. The interior bears a trademark 'HANS ROMER NEU-ULM (DONAU)' as well as the size '60 1/2.' Chipping throughout the green wool, cockade slightly loose, visor creased.

Lot: 636 - GERMAN TENCH ART PAINTED M-42 HELMET

GERMAN TENCH ART PAINTED M-42 HELMET A fine piece of German World War II trench art, an M-42 helmet painted with symbols of German and the Nazi Party. The helmet bears three large dents to the top, and was probably taken out of service, making it available to a soldier with time on his hands to 'improve' this piece of discarded equipment. A heavy coat of green paint was applied to the entire helmet. The artist added an image of the 'kriegsflagge' as a background element, upon which he painted the German national eagle with tricolor shield on its breast and swastika in its talons. At bottom, on the helmet's visor, oak leaves were placed to complete the piece. A few small chips of the paint have occurred, hardly affecting the appeal of the work. No chinstrap, liner thoroughly dried-out and significantly damaged.

Lot: 637 - JAPANESE ARMY CAP

JAPANESE ARMY CAP Japanese army field cap with visor, dark green wool with mesh lining, leather chinstrap and sweatband. Sewn to the front is a gold metal wire star insignia. Unknown Japanese stamp in the interior. Sweatband and chinstrap both moderately dried and cracked. Creased and worn yet still good.

Lot: 638 - JAPANESE ARMY WINTER FUR CAP

JAPANESE ARMY WINTER FUR CAP A World War II era Japanese winter 'ushanka' style cap constructed of olive green cotton and a fur lined interior and flaps that can hang over the ears or be tied at the top. A string threaded around the width of the cap can be tied to tighten it. Untranslated Japanese characters present on the interior. No evidence of mothing or any other damage, overall fine condition.

Lot: 639 - U.S. ARMY OFFICER'S VISOR CAP

U.S. ARMY OFFICER'S VISOR CAP A World War II era U.S. Army Officer's visor cap constructed of tan fabric with a checkered pattern around the width, likely non original brown leather visor and chin strap secured by two gilded brass buttons on either side, and golden American seal affixed at the center. Inside there is a brown leather sweat guard that bears a stamp 'Flighter by Bancroft', with the same stamp appearing on the crown, along with head size of 6. Interior leather is slightly worn and cracked, some small tears and moth holes.

Lot: 640 - U.S. NAVY VISOR CAP

U.S. NAVY VISOR CAP A World War II era U.S. Naval visor cap constructed of white fabric with a black checkered pattern around the width, black leather visor and chin strap secured by two gilded buttons on either side, metal U.S. Navy cap eagle affixed to the center. Sweat band is absent, the interior bears a stamp 'Nanco' and a tag bearing the name of Navy Doctor Martin E. Conti and the words 'Tugboat Annie, Gravel Gertie.' Head size 9. Moderately stains and few small moth holes.

Lot: 641 - GERMAN GENERAL'S SERVICE TUNIC

GERMAN GENERAL'S SERVICE TUNIC Fine, high quality German General's Service Blouse. Tailored in a fine grade of tricot wool, the blouse has two pleated patch breast pockets and two pleated patch hip pockets. Sleeves are finished with simple turn back cuffs. The dark green wool stand and fall collar is secured with two sets of black painted steel hooks and eyelets, the tunic lining is of green rayon and has one internal pocket on the left breast, and a hemmed through-pocket dagger hanger opening at the lower left pocket. There is also a maker's tag indicating manufacture by the tailor Christian Schwarz & Sohn, Munchen, located inside, rear center, just below the collar. The front opening is secured by five matching fine grained gilt pebbled buttons marked 'Assmann & Sohn, Ludenschied' on the reverse. Six additional gilt buttons are used to secure the four patch pocket flaps, as well as the shoulder boards; all matching and marked 'Extra Fein'. All buttons are attached with matching light green thread. Insignia includes hand embroidered general's collar patches of gold bullion embroidery on a red wool background that are machine sewn to the collar, Sewn-in matching General Officer shoulder boards of intertwined gilded metallic cord, adorned with two non-matching gold pips, indicate rank for a Major General and are affixed to the shoulder seams. An extremely high-quality Adler national emblem, hand embroidered of gold bullion wire on a dark green backing, is hand sewn to the upper right breast. The left breast has five loops for a ribbon bar above the pocket, as well as a circular hole with an embroidered eyelet for a screw back Iron Cross, First Class on the left breast pocket. Additionally, there are two woven loops under the breast pocket for another badge. The right breast pocket is adorned with two woven loops for attachment of the German Cross. This service blouse is in generally excellent condition, showing a few minor imperfections and weave pulls on the back, as well as a couple of light spots. Lining is free of tears, but showing a few minor stains marks around the collar opening. Each sleeve cuff has one small tear from normal use, and they have been period-repaired with a couple of stitches This is an extremely fine un-named general's tunic in solid condition with great color, no fading, and nearly no damage.

Lot: 642 - PEARL HARBOR WHEELER FIELD GROUND CREWMAN'S LEATHER JACKET

PEARL HARBOR WHEELER FIELD GROUND CREWMAN'S LEATHER JACKET An especially rare leather A-2 flight jacket worn by a member a fighter wing ground crew attached to the 18th Air Base Group. This group was present at Wheeler Field near Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941 when the Japanese undertook their surprise attack on Pearl Harbor. The leather jacket bear a 5 in. diameter dyed leather patch on the left breast of the 18th Air Base Group of the Hawaiian Air Force, Army Air Corps. The patch depicts a god-like figure holding an early fighter biplane in his upraised left hand, and a wrench in his lowered right hand. Just above this patch is a light brown leather tab bearing the embossed name: 'T. B. WITHERS', the jacket having been owned by one Lt. Thomas Branch Withers about whom we can locate no additional information. The jacket is in excellent condition, still supple with the cloth at bottom and sleeve ends bearing a few tiny holes, but also excellent. The pocket snaps and zipper also remain completely functional. The original maker's label from J. A. Dubrow, Chicago remains in place below the collar, and the jacket is further labels as a size 36. The 18th Air Base Group was tasked with all types of support duties at Wheeler Field, including care of the base grounds, buildings, and other facilities. At the time of the Japanese attack, most of these men were still stationed at Wheeler Army Airfield which was the first target to be attacked. Still, twelve pilots were able to get their airplanes off the ground and engage the Japanese. A few of the members of the 18th Air Base Group were stationed earlier in the year at Bellows Airfield. It too was attacked by the Japanese the same day. The label and construction of the jacket certainly appears to place it ca. 1940, and there appears to be no record of the 18th Air Base Group still remaining in existence following the attack. It may be the case that, like many other ground crews, it was retrained and eventually reassigned to bases closer to the front. Sold with a copy of Withers business card and research, as well as three original 8 x 10 in. period photographs taken by the photographic section of the 18th Air Base Group including images of downtown Honolulu and Muana Kea volcano. A great relic!

Lot: 643 - UNIFORM AND RELIC GROUPING OF A LEDO ROAD C.B.I. VETERAN

UNIFORM AND RELIC GROUPING OF A LEDO ROAD C.B.I. VETERAN World War II uniform, map, medals and 'blood chit' grouping of Lt. Robert Finkel, 181st Signal Repair Co., 4011 Signal Battalion, which was crucial in the operation of the important Ledo Road. The Ledo Road was an all-weather overland route between India and China, built during World War II to enable the Allies to deliver supplies to China, after the Japanese cut off the Burma Road in 1942. Of the 1,726 kilometres long road, 1,033 kilometres are in Burma and 632 kilometres in China with the remainder in India. The road was constructed in record time during the autumn of 1943. Included in this grouping is: Finkel's dress uniform jacket and garrison cap, silver wire sewn-in Signal Corps and U.S. insignia, theater-made cloth and wire C.B.I. patch on left shoulder, and a very rare Ledo Road theater-made cloth shoulder patch on right; a special wall hanging medal plaque with five medals with four ribbons, lieutenant's bar, and Meritorious Service ribbon, including U.S. China War Memorial Medal (numbered), American Campaign Medal, Asian-Pacific Campaign medal, Good Conduct Medal, and a World War II Victory Medal. The plaque with an engraved plate citing Finkel's war service record; a lucite tablet encasing Finkel's chest ribbons, second lieutenant's bar and Signal Corps insignia; and Finkel's 'blood chit', 10.5 x 8.75, silk multi-part construction displaying flags of USA and the Republic of China, along with with C.B.I. insignia and handwritten text in Chinese: 'Americans who came to China to help win the war soldiers and civilians united together to save and protect. 34th year of Republic of China', on a wooden plaque with perspex cover. Of particular interest is a blueprint map of the Ledo Road, from Kunming (China) to Ledo (India) through Burma, 31 x 17 in., signed 'Lt. Finkel' at lower right, annotated with gas depots at Waingmow and Mangshih, stamped 'SECRET' in two places. Mounted, a closed, clean tear from left margin, else very good. Robert Finkel enlisted in the Army Signal Corps in Los Angeles in April 1942, and was sent to the South Asian Theater after training. In late 1944 he joined the 4011th Signal battalion. He saw action in the field from January to September 1945, was promoted to Second Lieutenant, and received a Unit Citation and two Bronze Battle Stars. After the war back in Los Angeles, he had a career as a TV producer and director, including The Eddie Fisher Show, Bob Newhart Show, Andy Williams Show, and many more, and famously produced a TV comeback concert for Elvis Presley in 1968.

Lot: 644 - GERMAN ARMY WINTER CAP

GERMAN ARMY WINTER CAP A small wool cap issued to members of the German Army to be worn in winter conditions, roughly 8 x 7.5 in. Fine condition.

Lot: 645 - GERMAN ARMY WINTER HEAD COVERING

GERMAN ARMY WINTER HEAD COVERING A wool head cover issued to members of the German Army to be worn in winter conditions, roughly 15 x 7.5 in., designed to cover the entire head except for a small hole at the front to see through. A few small moth holes and tears, else fine.

Lot: 646 - HITLER YOUTH SPORT SHIRT

HITLER YOUTH SPORT SHIRT White cotton sleeveless Hitler Youth athletic shirt, 23 in. shoulder to hem, with a printed red-and-white band and an applied cloth Hitler Youth mobile swastika in the center of the chest. Moderately toned with scattered stains.

Lot: 647 - HITLER YOUTH SPORT SHIRT

HITLER YOUTH SPORT SHIRT White cotton sleeveless Hitler Youth athletic shirt, 23 in. shoulder to hem, with a printed red-and-white band and an applied cloth Hitler Youth mobile swastika in the center of the chest. Moderately toned with scattered stains.

Lot: 648 - SS SHIRT COLLAR

SS SHIRT COLLAR Removable collar from an Algemeine-SS brown shirt typically worn under a tunic, 18.5 in. long with three buttonholes, faintly marked with what appears to read: '80 13'. Very good.

Lot: 649 - TRANSPORTATION CORPS GEN. CULLEN GULKO'S UNIFORMS

CULLEN U. GULKO (1916 - 2005) American Brigadier General, highly involved with unit mobilization in the Pacific Theatre during World War II, serving as Troop Movement Officer and Deputy Base Port Commander in New Guinea, Port Operations Officer in New Guinea and Yokohama, and Superintendent, Water Division, in Otaru, Japan. Released from active duty just after war's end. His pair of uniforms,

Lot: 650 - UNIDENTIFIED MAJOR GENERAL'S TUNIC

Unidentified officer's 'Coat, Man's Polyester/Wool Tropical AG-344, Class 3', closed by four brass buttons on the front. Each shoulder strap bears two silver general's stars, and each lower sleeve bears wide black mohair cloth rings. Pinned to the upper lapels is a pair of matching 'U.S.' insignia. The tunic bears an impressive sixteen decorations, including (from left to right): Meritorious Unit Commendation Republic of Korea Presidential Unit Citation Republic of Vietnam Gallantry Cross with Palm; Distinguished Service Medal; Meritorious Service Medal; Army Commendation Medal with Palm; American Defense Service Medal; American Campaign Medal; Asiatic Pacific Campaign Medal; WWII Victory Medal; Army of Occupation Medal; Korean Service Medal; National Defense Service Medal with three Bronze Stars; Vietnam Service Medal; Philippine Liberation Ribbon; Republic of Vietnam Campaign Medal; Marksmanship Medal for Automatic Rifle and Machine Guns; and Master Parachutist's Badge. A cloth manufacturing tag on the interior bears the inscribed name 'E. G. Benson' (?), unidentified by us despite extensive research. To complete the uniform, the consigner has included an Army issue shirt, trousers with two lines of black braiding running the length of each leg, a black tie, and a pair of 'crossed rifles' insignia for the lower lapels. Fine condition overall. Very possibly a great find, bearing prominent decorations from three separate wars. Since we cannot identify the owner, it is sold as-is out of an abundance of caution.

Lot: 651 - WILLIAM C. BULLOCK'S MESS DRESS UNIFORM

(b. 1908) Career military officer from World War II until the 1960s, served as Executive Officer of Artillery within the VII Corps of the First Army Division just after D-Day. His final military position was as Deputy Commanding General of the Third Army Division between 1964 to 1966. His U.S. Army, White Color, Mess Dress Uniform, similar in style to the 1938 Pattern yet with a different number of buttons on the front. The shoulders bear two beautifully aged, gold bullion Officer's epaulettes found on each shoulder and which are matching. They are of the screw-down type which is proper, and they are made out of the correct material for the period. As is very common, these epaulettes are backed in black color wool cloth. The sleeves are covered in white general's lace/braid of the proper width and type, and found sewn above the general's cuff braids are Bullock's two General's stars of the proper color and material. The lining is of the full body type and looks marvelous, free of tears and loose threads, with just a small area of staining around one of the inside tailor's tags. A tag within one interior pocket reads 'Lautenstein's, Uniforms of Distinction, San Antonio' and was filled in with the name and date: "Wm. Bullock" and "6-19-65". As a final embellishment, and great additional proof of provenance, a tag with General Bullock's personal name monogram has been sewn above an interior pocket. Sold with a pair of general's trousers, constructed of black wool and of proper cut and style, including the proper two gold braid general's stripes running down each leg. Fine condition overall. From a major private collection on public display.

Lot: 652 - USS ENTERPRISE 'BURIAL FLAG'

USS ENTERPRISE 'BURIAL FLAG' A very large 48-star American flag, 60 x 114 in., was manufactured between 1912-1959, the period between the admission to the Union of Arizona and Alaska. The left margin is canvas with two metal grommets at the corners. There is a stamp on the canvas that reads 'USS Enterprise Burial Flag 1945.' Scattered stains, yet overall good condition.Such burial flags are used when a 'Burial at Sea' service was held aboard a U.S. naval vessel for military veterans, civilian marine personnel, or their dependent family members. Following the conclusion of the war, the USS Enterprise was deemed surplus for the needs of America's navy. She entered the New York Shipyard on 18 January 1946 for deactivation and was decommissioned on 17 February 1947. Subsequent attempts were made at preserving the ship as a museum or memorial, but fund-raising efforts failed to raise enough money to buy the vessel from the Navy, and Enterprise was sold on 1 July 1958 to the Lipsett Corporation of New York City for scrapping at Kearny, New Jersey.

Lot: 653 - 48 STAR AMERICAN FLAG

48 STAR AMERICAN FLAG A small 48-star American flag, rayon construction, 11.25 x 16.5 in, used by the United States from 1912-1959, the period between the admission to the Union of Arizona and Alaska. Lightly worn with toning and a few scatted stains.

Lot: 654 - HITLER YOUTH FLAG

HITLER YOUTH FLAG Scarce Hitler Youth flag, 19.5 x 13.5 in., double-sided cotton, bearing a clamp-dyed black swastika in the center of a white diamond and a white stripe, all between a red field. The hoist corners bears leather tabs and cotton ties. Light spots of staining, a few negligible tears, else fine.

Lot: 655 - 'NAZIFIED' DER STAHLHELM FLAG

'NAZIFIED' DER STAHLHELM FLAG A rare and large two-sided cotton flag for the 'Der Stahlhelm/Bund der Frontsoldaten' ('The Stahlhelm/Union of Frontline Soldiers'), a nationalist organization of World War I veterans, 80 x 45 in. The flag resembles the Imperial war flag, with a Nordic cross in the center and an Iron Cross over a black-white-and-red banded field in the upper left canton. At the center there is a profile image of a German helmet (the 'Stahlhelm' from which the group derived its name) on a background of a black and white swastika. The left margin is folded over and sewn with a rope hoist run through and metal clasps. On the verso is a stamp that reads in full 'Der Stahlhof Madgeburg, Ges. Gesche - NSDFB (Stahlhelm).' Moderately worn, with scattered stains and tears throughout. The organization operated as both a mutual aid society and a political combat group and was the largest nationalist organization in Germany by 1926, with 500,000 members. It later joined the coalition that brought the NSDAP to power and was thereafter absorbed into the SA. This 'nazified' version of their flag would have only been made between 1933 when it was integrated and 1935 when it was disbanded.

Lot: 656 - 1936 BERLIN OLYMPICS CAR PENNANT

Scarce embroidered white cloth 1936 Olympics car pennant, 7.5 in. long along the hoist and 13.75 in. wide, the flag of quality, durable construction with reinforced tip, both sides embroidered with the color Olympic rings. Cords are sewn to the hoist for fixing to an aerial. Unknown if this pennant was for official use, or if offered as a souvenir. Very good.

Lot: 657 - 48 STAR U.S. NAVAL JACK

48 STAR U.S. NAVAL JACK A large, rare example of a 48 star American 'Union Jack' naval flag, cotton construction 50 x 36 in., depicting the canton of the U.S. Flag at the time, 48 stars on blue background. Two metal grommets are sewn onto the canvas white left margin, along with the stamp 'Union Jack No 7 Mare Island Dec. 1943.' This flag was used by the United States Navy from 1912-1959, across both World Wars, the period between the admission to the Union of Arizona and Alaska. Slightly worn, expected from age, else very fine. Mare Island California was the site of U.S. Navy shipyard active until 1993. During World War II the yard employed almost 50,000 workers, built 21 new vessels and repaired countless others for the Pacific Fleet.

Lot: 658 - BRITISH 'UNION JACK' FLAG

BRITISH 'UNION JACK' FLAG Large and presumed war-date 'Union Jack', 24 x 52 in., cotton construction, bearing an additional strip of white canvas stitched to the hoist end with a clip at each end. Stamped 'Union Jack' on the canvas. Some light spots of staining, and a few moth holes or tears.

Lot: 659 - BRITISH ROYAL NAVY FLAG

BRITISH ROYAL NAVY FLAG A two sided 'White Ensign' cotton flag of the British Royal Navy, 43.5 x 20 in., featuring the British flag in the top left with a red 'St. George's Cross' on a white field. Left margin is folded over and sewn to be hoisted to a pole. A tag on the sewn portion reads 'Captain O.M. Watts Ltd. London.' Moderately worn with scattered small holes and stains.

Lot: 660 - CANADIAN NATIONAL UNITY PARTY FLAG

CANADIAN NATIONAL UNITY PARTY FLAG Rare flag of the Nazi-aligned Canadian National Unity Party, three-piece wool construction, 37 x 24 in., two-sided, with rolled and sewn white cloth along the hoist allowing a pole to be inserted so that the flag, intended for indoor use, could be suspended vertically. One small moth hole along top edge with a small frayed area thereat, else very good. The 'Parti National Social Chretien' (National Social Christian Party) was formed by Adrien Arcand in 1934. It identified with antisemitism and Nazism. The party was later known as the Canadian National Socialist Unity Party or National Unity Party.On May 30, 1940, the party was banned under the Defence of Canada Regulations of the War Measures Act, and Arcand and many of his followers were arrested and detained for the duration of the war.

Lot: 661 - GESTAPO HEADQUARTERS FLAG FROM REGENSBURG, GERMANY

GESTAPO HEADQUARTERS FLAG FROM REGENSBURG, GERMANY An important captured German flag, the large NSDAP flag taken from the Gestapo Headquarters in Regensburg, Germany by an American soldier and brought to the U.S. in 1945. The cotton flag measures approx. 8 x 12 feet with a reinforced hoist with hauling cord sewn within. The flag is of two-piece construction, with the white circular field with black printed swastika applied to either side of the red dyed field. There is some minor staining and some scattered loss of material in the body of the flag, still overall very good. A hoist clip which separated from the lines on the hoist is also present. The flag is accompanied by a letter of provenance by Lee Humiston, Director/Curator of the Maine Military Museum. Humiston writes, in part: '...[the flag is] a U.S. Army veteran bring back from Germany and was combat captured. It was flying over the building housing Gestapo headquarters in Regensburg...It has remained in private hands since WWII...The flag was captured by an MP/M/Sgt. who was apointed chief of the Regensburg police force under the occupation using U.S. Army and former German police forces...' Also present is a large descriptive card in black mat, likely used when the flag was displayed.

Lot: 662 - HITLER YOUTH FLAG

HITLER YOUTH FLAG A very large flag of the Hitler Youth, roughly 70 x 120 in., double-sided cotton construction, bearing a clamp-dyed black swastika in the center of a white diamond and a white stripe, all between a red field. Left margin folded over and sewn for a hoist. A few large stains to the white section, scattered small holes. Overall good condition.

Lot: 663 - JAPANESE 'SEND OFF' BANNER

JAPANESE 'SEND OFF' BANNER An intricately decorated one-sided Japanese 'shussei nobori' ('send off banner') from the 1930s, roughly 21 x 94 in., rayon construction, featuring crossed Japanese flags at the top, followed by untranslated characters that likely include phrases such as 'congratulations', or 'happy to send out', with an individual's name. Stitched with gilded tassels at the bottom. Moderately worn, with scattered stains, and tears throughout. These banners were common in Japan prior to the outbreak of World War II. When young men were inducted into the Japanese armed forces, they were often given 'send off celebrations' to honor their service. This banner would have been used at such an event.

Lot: 664 - JAPANESE ARMY FLAG

JAPANESE ARMY FLAG An unusual form of the Japanese army flag of World War II, 16.5 x 13 in., dyed cotton with a rolled an sewn hoist to allow vertical suspension from a rod. One tear along the hoist, at the bottom, else very good. Not trimmed as one might suspect. Possibly quite rare.

Lot: 665 - JAPANESE NATIONAL FLAG

JAPANESE NATIONAL FLAG Japanese national flag, silk, 32 x 28 in. overall, period corner leather tabs (one missing), small interior tear, toned a bit.

Lot: 666 - N.S.D.A.P. FUNERAL SASH

N.S.D.A.P. FUNERAL SASH Rare red moire NSDAP funeral sash, 7.75 x 40.5 in., bearing 1.5 in. silver bullion fringe on one end. One end bears a black printed swastika on a white silk disc, which is sewn on the red field. The center of the sash is stenciled with silver lettering: 'Bayerisches Stickstotfwerk A.G.' ('Bavarian Nitrogen Works'). This silver coating was likely once applied to an original black ink outline, as the reverse bears the same lettering in black ink. Negligible spots of staining, else fine.

Lot: 667 - N.S.D.A.P. HARBOR FLAG

N.S.D.A.P. HARBOR FLAG Small NSDAP flag possibly used by a small commercial naval vessel, 14 x 7 in., double-sided cotton construction, bearing a tightly-woven mobile swastika on a white disc, embroidered with a white border separating it from the red field. The hoist edge bears an added strip of white canvas sewn around a rope, with a metal clip at one corner and a small knot at the other. The corners of the fly end bears some additional stitching for reinforcement. Some spots of staining, else very good.

Lot: 668 - N.S.D.A.P. PODIUM BANNER, OWNED BY AN SS CAPTAIN

N.S.D.A.P. PODIUM BANNER, OWNED BY AN SS CAPTAIN Period example of an NSDAP podium banner, 29 x 36 in., one-sided cotton construction, bearing a dyed black swastika on a white disc, then stitched to a red field. The bottom and horizontal edges are bordered with 0.75 in. strips of sewn-on white cotton, and the bottom edge bears 3.75 in. fringe. Lightly soiled from age and use, else very good. Uniquely, this banner was once owned and presumably used by an SS captain. Our consigner - whose father served in Germany immediately after war's end - received this piece (and numerous other items) in 1949 from the family's German maid, 'Tilly'. Tilly's brother, whose name is regrettably unknown to us, served as an SS captain during World War II, and supposedly led one of the crews charged with setting up and dismantling the Nuremberg Rally grounds. According to our consigner, Tilly herself was told little else about these items, as her brother was sent to war. His fate is now unknown to us. Sold with a letter of provenance from our consigner. Numerous other items from this SS officer, including a hanging banner from a later Nuremberg Rally, is also offered in this sale.

Lot: 669 - NATIONAL SOCIALIST GERMAN STUDENTS' UNION FLAG

NATIONAL SOCIALIST GERMAN STUDENTS' UNION FLAG Scarce and very large National Socialist German Students' Union flag, 41 x 92 in., double-sided, bearing a six-piece black swastika stitched to a white diamond on a red field, with two white, horizontal stripes extending from each side. The flag's captor has added an inscription in black ink on the diamond of one side, adding 'FRANCE - '44...From Sgt. V. Byrne...HQ CO. 3rd BN... 7th Inf.' Some very light staining, else near mint condition. One of the best preserved flags we've seen. The National Socialist German Students' Union (or 'Nationalsozialistischer Deutscher Studentenbund') was founded in 1926 as a division of the Nazi Party, with the mission of integrating University-level education and academic life within the framework of the Nazi worldview. Sold with a letter of provenance from our consigner, who directly received the flag from Byrne.

Lot: 670 - NAZI GOLD SWASTIKA BANNER

NAZI GOLD SWASTIKA BANNER Simple yet striking and quite rare hanging banner, 33 x 29 in., displays a large, static swastika loosely embroidered in gold ribbon to one side of a white cotton field, with three sides trimmed in the same type of thread. The fourth side bears a rolled-over edge through which a rod would pass to allow the banner to be suspended vertically. Some threading damaged, particularly to parts of the edging and a corner of the swastika. This banner may have been displayed at offices of functions of the Reich Chamber of Culture (Reichskulturkammer).

Lot: 671 - NAZI PENNANT STRING

NAZI PENNANT STRING A string of four connected Nazi pennants, triangular shaped 7.5 x 12 in., two sided construction of red cloth with a white and black swastika sewn on each, connected by a roughly 64 in. cloth string. Worn from apparent use with scattered stains. Given to our consignor by a relative who believed them to be present at the christening of the German battleship Bismarck.

Lot: 672 - NSDAP BANNER

Large double-sided NSDAP banner, 39.5 x 57.5 in., constructed of a dyed black swastika placed on a white disc, which is then stitched to a red field. The top edge has been folded and sewn to create a hoist. The white disk bears some of the dotted black ink outline from which the disk is normally cut. Some pinholes along the hoist, presumably from original mounting, some tiny spots of staining, else near fine.

Lot: 673 - NSDAP FLAG

Cotton NSDAP flag, 46 x 80 in., composed of a dyed black swastika onto a white disc, surrounded by a red field. The hoist edge is constructed of an added strip of white cloth, and the hoist corners bear a notable tear, likely from the removal of the original hoist loops. The corners bear additional stitching for reinforcement. Some small stains and the occasional loose thread, else very good.

Lot: 674 - NSDAP FLAG

NSDAP FLAG A small double sided cotton NSDAP flag, 15 x 11 in., red with a sewn white disk bearing a clamp dyed swastika. Folded over and sewn on one side to allow insertion of a suspension rod. Moderate stains, and a substantial tear to the lower right side.

Lot: 675 - NSDAP HANGING BANNER

NSDAP HANGING BANNER A large double sided NSDAP hanging banner, roughly 36 x 120 in., constructed of red cotton bunting with a white disk sewn on at center, bearing a clamp-dyed black swastika. One end has been folded over and sewn forming a pipe pocket. Very fine condition.

Lot: 676 - NSDAP PENNANT

NSDAP PENNANT Early NSDAP wool pennant, 23 x 7.5 in. with a suspension cord in national colors and working bronze snap. This is a two-sided pennant with white circular field and embroidered swastika applied thereto. Mothing, more pronounced to one side.

Lot: 677 - NSDAP VEHICLE FLAG

NSDAP VEHICLE FLAG Single-sided NSDAP flag, 38.5 x 30 in., constructed of red cotton bunting with a white disk sewn on at center, bearing a clamp-dyed black swastika. Brass grommets are fitted at each corner, allowing the flag to be tied down to the hood or roof of a vehicle, preventing misidentification by friendly aircraft. Fine condition.

Lot: 678 - SOLDIERS' 'WELCOME HOME' BANNER

SOLDIERS' 'WELCOME HOME' BANNER Terrific World War II banner displays 'Uncle Sam' on a blue background, smiling and with outstretched arms, with heavy printed exclamation: 'WELCOME HOME WE ARE PROUD OF YOU" White cloth reinforcement and two grommets along the hoist. Design a bit worn, still an attractive piece.

Lot: 679 - THIRD REICH REICHSKRIEGSFLAGGE

Large Third Reich naval Reichskriegsflagge, 64 x 36 in., double-sided cotton construction, with black swastika on white circle, surrounded by a red field with black and white bars extending from the center. A black-and-white Iron Cross symbol is present at top left corner. The hoist is constructed via an added strip of white cotton, stitched around a rope with closed loops at each end. The hoist bears the eagle-over-M Kriegsmarine branch acceptance stamp, indicating naval use. Other stamps include 'R. Kr. Fl', the size '100x170', and the maker 'G.A. Frohlichs Sohn A.G. Warnsdorf. Sud.'. Some mothing spots, else near fine.

Lot: 680 - THIRD REICH REICHSKRIEGSFLAGGE

THIRD REICH REICHSKRIEGSFLAGGE Large Third Reich naval Reichskriegsflagge, 64 x 36 in., double-sided cotton construction, with black swastika on white circle, surrounded by a red field with black and white bars extending from the center. A black-and-white Iron Cross symbol is present at top left corner. The hoist is constructed via an added strip of white cotton, stitched around a rope with closed loops at each end. The hoist bears the eagle-over-M Kriegsmarine branch acceptance stamp, indicating naval use. Other stamps include 'R. Kr. Fl', the size '100x170, and the maker 'G.A. Frohlichs Sohn A.G. Warnsdorf. Sud.'. Some staining, else very good. Found in a bombed out building in Celle, Germany in 1948 by our consigner, and sold with his letter of provenance.

Lot: 681 - UNIDENTIFIED REGIMENTAL FLAG

Unidentified regimental flag, 29 x 19 in., double-sided, constructed of two horizontal bars of red and white rayon, bearing the stitched-on numeral '9' and abbreviation '1HQ' at center. The left edge has been folded over then sewn to form a hoist. Each side bears the surnames of 27 soldiers, embroidered in yellow thread, including 'Aponte...Baker...Hull...Schultz...Wilder...Foster...Marsh...Hardegree...Henry...Woolshlager...Crandall...Fenili...Davidson...Wallace...Fruchtman...' and others. Lightly soiled, else fine.

Lot: 682 - 'CREATE A NEW EUROPE' ANTI-AXIS CARICATURES

'CREATE A NEW EUROPE' ANTI-AXIS CARICATURES A very rare first edition illustrated Czech portfolio containing 12 political cartoons of prominent Axis leaders. The folder is 10 x 13.5 in., published in Prague by Mal H. Bohman, 1945, with mocking depictions of individuals including Adolf Hitler, Hermann Goering, Heinrich Himmler, Benito Mussolini, Emperor Hirohito, and more. Illustrations in very fine condition while the folder is moderately worn and has been partially repaired with tape.

Lot: 683 - 'DAS NEUE KOCH-BUCH' COOK BOOK

'DAS NEUE KOCH-BUCH' COOK BOOK A well preserved hardcover German cookbook titled 'Das Neue Kochbuch' ('The New Cookbook' by Davidis Schulze, (Leipzig: Velhagen and Klasing), 1936, approx. 360pp 8vo., containing step by step recipes and photographs. Moderately worn with toning and stains throughout.

Lot: 684 - 'DER FESTUNGSBOTE' NEWSPAPER

'DER FESTUNGSBOTE' NEWSPAPER A rare U-boat related item, a copy of 'Der Festungsbote' ('The Fortress Boat') published in the occupied French port of La Rochelle, 4pp. 9.5 x 13 in., November 18, 1944. The first page offers war related news of 'the battle at the border' with mentions of the V1 and V2 rockets, Allied ships sunk, wishful thinking for 'total war', etc. Moderately worn, with edge wear. When the Allies landed in Normandy on June 6, Hitler ordered that La Rochelle be turned into a fortress with a garrison of 20,000 troops. The port was crucial for U-boat operations as it contained bomb resistant pens and repair facilities. Due to the large garrison, La Rochelle would be the last French city liberated in the war on May 8, 1945.

Lot: 685 - 'DEUTSCHE ARBEITSFRONT' ID CARDS (28)

Expansive grouping of twenty-eight replacement ID cards for members of the DAF's aviation division, each 5.75 x 4 in., cancelled on the lower-portion with an organizational ink stamp and otherwise unmarked and unissued. Fine condition. Sold with three DAF 'jahres-sportkartes' ('annual sports cards'), 32pp. 8vo., used to document members' involvement in various organizational sporting events. Each is blank and unissued. Fine.

Lot: 686 - 'DIE NEUE REICHSKANZLEI'

'DIE NEUE REICHSKANZLEI' Rare book 'Die Neue Reichskanzlei' ('The New Reichs Chancellery'), by various contributors with a foreword by the building's architect, Albert Speer, (Munich: Zentralverlag der NSDAP), (ca. 1940, first or early edition), 132pp. 12 x 15 in., heavily illustrated with black and white and color photos, most full-page, depicting multiple interior and exterior views, details of furniture, wall fixtures and decorations, mosaics, sculptures, eagles, landscaping, etc., with a very large fold-out blueprint of the structure depicting various views of the structure in the rear of the volume. In cream colored boards with gilt title, the covers fine but for two negligible scrapes, contents very fine and essentially untouched. One of the most desirable Third Reich books.

Lot: 687 - 'DIE NEUE REICHSKANZLEI' BY ALBERT SPEER

Rare edition of Albert Speer's 'Die Neue Reichskanzlei' (Konigsberg: Kanter-Verlag), 1940. Approx. 80pp. 8vo., paper boards with red title and Speer's drawing of the entryway to the new Chancellery on the cover, with 60 b/w photos within. First edition of this smaller version. Tiny chip to back cover, else fine and unread.

Lot: 688 - 'DON'T LET THAT SHADOW TOUCH THEM' WAR BOND POSTER

'DON'T LET THAT SHADOW TOUCH THEM' WAR BOND POSTER A vibrant World War II era war bond poster, 28 x 40 in., (Washington D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office), 1942, bearing the caption 'Don't Let That Shadow Touch Them. Buy War Bonds' below an illustration of three American children playing above a the shadow of a swastika. Artwork attributed to Lawrence B. Smith (1909-1995). Light edge wear, a few tears have been repaired on the verso with tape. Folded.

Lot: 689 - 'EISENHOWER AGAINST HIMMLER!' PROPAGANDA LEAFLET

'EISENHOWER AGAINST HIMMLER!' PROPAGANDA LEAFLET Rare 'Eisenhower against Himmler!...Himmler against Germany!' propaganda leaflet, 5.5 x 8.5 in., ca.early 1945, likely dropped on German civilians in large cities. The flyer bears images of both men, with text beneath Eisenhower reading: '...In order to avoid needless bloodshed and unnecessary misery, the civil population must resort to self-help by resistance against evacuation orders, self-protection against plundering of their possessions, against forced mobilization and suicide orders; against the SS-terror and against the preposterous atrocity propaganda of the war-prolongers. Thousands of Germans in the Western territory have found that the occupation under Eisenhower (pronounced Eisenhauer) meant security, order and final liberation from party terror...' Text beneath Himmler's squinting eyes reads: '...real mass murderer and typical war criminal...Forced evacuation in order to prolong the war, terrorizing the civil population by party agents, party courts and strong-arm methods mass suicide of physically sub-standard, untrained suicide units, more and more hunger, terror and misery under the intensified 'bombing war. All of Germany a battle-field, in order to stave off for a few months the inexorable end of the war criminals....' Verso bears actions which civilians could take to undermine the German war effort, any of which would have led to summary execution. Very good.

Lot: 690 - 'ERNTDANKFEST' FARMER HOLIDAY PROPAGANDA BOOK

Very rare publication 'Erntedankfest 1. Oktober 1933 Der Deutschen Bauern Ehrentag' ('Harvest Festival October 1, 1933 The German farmers' day of honor'), (Berlin: Verlag von Reimar Hobbing), 1934. 88pp. 4to., in pictorial covers. A propaganda piece with text by Josef Goebbels and Walther Darre, quotes by Hitler, Alfred Rosenberg, and various gauleiters and land bureau leaders, and several dozen excellent photographs including portraits of Hitler, Goebbels, and Darre, and candid images of SA men marching, rallies surrounding the event, farmers, etc.

Lot: 691 - 'KUNST DER FRONT' PRINTS (15)

'KUNST DER FRONT' PRINTS (15) Lot of 15 post war illustrated prints by various artists enclosed in a folder titled 'Kunst Der Front' ('Art at the Front'), each 13.5 x 19 in., color and b/w, featuring scenes of German soldiers in various settings such as Africa, Russia, and France. Some slightly toned. Folder has moderate foxing. Overall good condition.

Lot: 692 - 'LITTLE ITCHY ITCHY' ANTI-JAPANESE CARTOON BOOK

'LITTLE ITCHY ITCHY' ANTI-JAPANESE CARTOON BOOK An incredible collection of the most appalling (by today's standards) cartoons by artist Reg Manning, contained within his compilation: 'Little Itchy Itchy' (New York: J. J. Augustin), 1944. 128pp. 8vo. First edition, in red cloth with black titles, one spot to front cover, with rare dust jacket bearing a few chips. A gathering of almost all anti-Japanese cartoons, the enemy depicted as bespectacled, buck-toothed failures, bloodthirsty murderers, or back-stabbing schemers. Some of the cartoons also take slaps at Hitler and Mussolini, and praise Stalin as well. Overall very good. 'Itchy Itchy' was a popular character in these cartoons which were published in newspapers, and he appears within.

Lot: 693 - 'LUFTWAFFE NORDWARTS'

'LUFTWAFFE NORDWARTS' A hardcover war date German publication titled 'Luftwaffe Nordwarts ('Air Force Northwest') by Hans Wamper, (Dresden: Franz Muller Verlag), 1942, 118pp. 8vo., a heavily propagandized account with images of the German invasion of Norway emphasizing the role of the Luftwaffe. Cover moderately worn with chipping and edge wear.

Lot: 694 - 'MEIN KAMPF'

Hardbound copy of Hitler's political treatise 'Mein Kampf' (Munich: Franz Eher Verlag), 1939. 782pp. 8vo., blue cloth boards with embossed gold title and emblem, pencil inscription of front flyleaf: 'For the American military'. Very fine, with tattered pictorial dust jacket.

Lot: 695 - 'MEIN KAMPF'

Hardbound copy of Hitler's political treatise 'Mein Kampf' (Munich: Franz Eher Verlag), 1940. 782pp. 8vo., mottled boards with leather spine and raised hubs, gold title on spine. Hubs abraded, a chip to bottom hub, contents tight and unread.

Lot: 696 - 'MEIN KAMPF' FELDPOST EDITION

'MEIN KAMPF' FELDPOST EDITION Scarcer edition of Adolf Hitler's political treatise 'Mein Kampf' (Munich: Franz Ehere Verlag), 1940. 782pp. small 8vo. in red cloth with gold titles, the covers and gilding to the title on front cover lightly worn, some soiling to covers, else very good. This is the 'Feldpost' edition of Mein Kampf which was sold by the German post office and originally came packaged in a small chipboard box, ready to be addressed to a soldier at the front. Because of its flexible covers and small size, it was portable and also popular with students and travelers.

Lot: 697 - 'MEIN KAMPF' WEDDING EDITION

Hardbound copy of Hitler's political treatise 'Mein Kampf' (Munich: Franz Eher Verlag), 1937. 782pp. 8vo., mottled boards with leather spine and raised hubs, gold title on spine. Hubs abraded, bottom hub gone, edge of spine worn, contents tight. The front flyleaf bears a printed presentation (unengrossed) to a newlywed couple, signed at the bottom by a Bergermeister 'Eicke' with a stamp from the community of Echte. With partial slip cover.

Lot: 698 - 'MIT HITLER IN POLEN' LEATHER EDITION

'MIT HITLER IN POLEN' LEATHER EDITION A fine leather edition of the photo book 'Mit Hitler in Polen' by Heinrich Hoffmann and Wilhelm Keitel (Berlin: Zeitgeschichte-Verlag), 1939, 94pp. 4to., a collection of propaganda and documentary photographs chronicling the German invasion of Poland and its aftermath. Includes many images of Hitler touring the carnage he has created. Bound in a brown leather cover that is slightly worn. Overall fine condition

Lot: 699 - 'NURNBERG 1933' PROPAGANDA BOOK

Very rare publication 'Nurnberg 1933' (Berlin: Verlag Reimas von Hobbing), 112pp. 8vo. with illustrated covers, a heavily-illustrated history of the Nuremberg NSDAP party rally of 1933 with extracts of speeches by Hitler, Hess, Feder, Rohm, Rosenberg, Hierl, etc., and many photos of key participants and others attending the event, crowds, etc. Very good.

Lot: 700 - 'NURNBERG 1934' PROPAGANDA BOOK

Very rare publication 'Nurnberg 1934', issued and with a foreword by ERICH KOCH (1896-1986), Gauleiter of East Prussia and Reichskommissar of Ukraine with control of the Gestapo and the uniformed police, (Berlin: Freiheitsverlag GMBH), 108pp. 8vo. with illustrated covers, a heavily-illustrated history of the Nuremberg NSDAP party rally of 1934 with extracts of speeches by Hitler, Hess, etc., daily events, photos of key participants and others attending the event, crowds, etc. Very good.

Lot: 701 - 'OLYMPIA 1936' CIGARETTE CARD BOOK

'OLYMPIA 1936' CIGARETTE CARD BOOK Scarce publication, a 'cigarette' photo book, volume II of 'Olympia 1936', (Hamburg: Cigaretten Bilderdienst), 1936, 168pp. and 126pp., 9 x 12.25 in., in blue cloth with black lettering and gilt Olympic logo. This book was originally devoid of photos but was filled with images by a smoker who accumulated the high-quality photos as he purchased cigarettes. The volume is complete with images of the games, and incredibly Jesse Owens and other racial 'inferiors' are fairly represented (though often caricatured at the bottom of the page). Hitler is given the first page - a full-page illustration - and German athletes are most prominently depicted. Cover fairly worn, a few tears to some pages, yet overall good.

Lot: 702 - 'STALINGRAD CAPITULATION' POSTER

A period poster reprint of a notice first seen in German newspapers in February 1943 announcing the defeat of the Sixth German Army at the Battle of Stalingrad, 14.5 x 19 in. in German, bearing the word Stalingrad at the top followed by the bible verse 'Be true until death, so that I may give you a crown of life.' At the center is a message from Fuhrer headquarters explaining the defeat and commending all of those who gave their lives for Germany. The two margins bear a poem glorifying the men of Stalingrad. Folds, else very fine condition.

Lot: 703 - 'THE LOST BATTALION': TEXAS GUARD 131ST FIELD ART'Y P.O.W. CAMP NEWSPAPERS

'THE LOST BATTALION': TEXAS GUARD 131ST FIELD ART'Y P.O.W. CAMP NEWSPAPERS 'The Lost Battalion' of the Pacific was the 2nd Battalion, 131st Field Artillery, 36th Infantry Div. (Texas National Guard). 534 members of the battalion, the only American ground force on the island, were captured by the Japanese on Java in March 1942. It is called the 'Lost Battalion' because the fate of the men was unknown to the United States until September 1944. Most of the men were sent to Thailand to work on the Burma Railway, the building of which is portrayed in the film 'The Bridge on the River Kwai'. Of the total of 902 soldiers and sailors surviving the sinking of the USS Houston taken captive, 163 died in captivity. Offered here are three very rare Japanese P.O.W. camp newspapers once belonging to Col. ALBERT C. SEARLE, one named to Searle at the top. Searle was the senior regular Army officer commanding the battalion and he refused to leave the men of the 131st behind, despite initial orders to the contrary. The papers are all named 'No. 4 CAMP SPECIAL' and are each 2pp. legal folio, issued at Batavia on August 13, 17, and 20, '2602', or 1942. These papers offer strictly world news from such places as Lisbon, Tokyo, Berlin, etc., all slanted for propaganda purposes and including news on military victories by Japan and her Axis allies, diplomatic advances, etc. Overall very good set of rare P.O.W. camp newspapers with an important association.

Lot: 704 - 'THE LOST BATTALION': TEXAS GUARD 131ST FIELD ART'Y P.O.W. CAMP NEWSPAPERS

'THE LOST BATTALION': TEXAS GUARD 131ST FIELD ART'Y P.O.W. CAMP NEWSPAPERS 'The Lost Battalion' of the Pacific was the 2nd Battalion, 131st Field Artillery, 36th Infantry Div. (Texas National Guard). 534 members of the battalion, the only American ground force on the island, were captured by the Japanese on Java in March 1942. It is called the 'Lost Battalion' because the fate of the men was unknown to the United States until September 1944. Most of the men were sent to Thailand to work on the Burma Railway, the building of which is portrayed in the film 'The Bridge on the River Kwai'. Of the total of 902 soldiers and sailors surviving the sinking of the USS Houston taken captive, 163 died in captivity. Offered here are three very rare Japanese P.O.W. camp newspapers once belonging to Col. ALBERT C. SEARLE, one named to Searle at the top. Searle was the senior regular Army officer commanding the battalion and he refused to leave the men of the 131st behind, despite initial orders to the contrary. The papers are all named 'No. 4 CAMP SPECIAL' and are each 2pp. legal folio, issued at Batavia on August 8, 12, and 21, '2602', or 1942. These papers offer strictly world news from such places as China, Tokyo, Berlin, etc., all slanted for propaganda purposes and including news on military victories by Japan and her Axis allies, diplomatic advances, etc. Overall very good set of rare P.O.W. camp newspapers with an important association.

Lot: 705 - 'THE LOST BATTALION': TEXAS GUARD 131ST FIELD ART'Y P.O.W. CAMP NEWSPAPERS

'THE LOST BATTALION': TEXAS GUARD 131ST FIELD ART'Y P.O.W. CAMP NEWSPAPERS 'The Lost Battalion' of the Pacific was the 2nd Battalion, 131st Field Artillery, 36th Infantry Div. (Texas National Guard). 534 members of the battalion, the only American ground force on the island, were captured by the Japanese on Java in March 1942. It is called the 'Lost Battalion' because the fate of the men was unknown to the United States until September 1944. Most of the men were sent to Thailand to work on the Burma Railway, the building of which is portrayed in the film 'The Bridge on the River Kwai'. Of the total of 902 soldiers and sailors surviving the sinking of the USS Houston taken captive, 163 died in captivity. Offered here are three very rare Japanese P.O.W. camp newspapers once belonging to Col. ALBERT C. SEARLE, one named to Searle at the top. Searle was the senior regular Army officer commanding the battalion and he refused to leave the men of the 131st behind, despite initial orders to the contrary. The papers are all named 'No. 4 CAMP SPECIAL' and are each 2pp. legal folio, issued at Batavia on August 3, 7, and 11, '2602', or 1942. These papers offer strictly world news from such places as China, Tokyo, Berlin, etc., all slanted for propaganda purposes and including news on military victories by Japan and her Axis allies, diplomatic advances, etc. Overall very good set of rare P.O.W. camp newspapers with an important association.

Lot: 706 - 'THE LOST BATTALION': TEXAS GUARD 131ST FIELD ART'Y P.O.W. CAMP NEWSPAPERS

'THE LOST BATTALION': TEXAS GUARD 131ST FIELD ART'Y P.O.W. CAMP NEWSPAPERS 'The Lost Battalion' of the Pacific was the 2nd Battalion, 131st Field Artillery, 36th Infantry Div. (Texas National Guard). 534 members of the battalion, the only American ground force on the island, were captured by the Japanese on Java in March 1942. It is called the 'Lost Battalion' because the fate of the men was unknown to the United States until September 1944. Most of the men were sent to Thailand to work on the Burma Railway, the building of which is portrayed in the film 'The Bridge on the River Kwai'. Of the total of 902 soldiers and sailors surviving the sinking of the USS Houston taken captive, 163 died in captivity. Offered here are two very rare Japanese P.O.W. camp newspapers once belonging to Col. ALBERT C. SEARLE, one named to Searle at the top. Searle was the senior regular Army officer commanding the battalion and he refused to leave the men of the 131st behind, despite initial orders to the contrary. The papers are all named 'No. 4 CAMP SPECIAL' and are each 2pp. legal folio, issued at Batavia on August 2 and 5, '2602', or 1942. These papers offer strictly world news from such places as China, Tokyo, Berlin, etc., all slanted for propaganda purposes and including news on military victories by Japan and her Axis allies, diplomatic advances, etc. Overall very good set of rare P.O.W. camp newspapers with an important association. SOLD WITH: five newspaper owned by Searle, three while he was held as a P.O.W. including two copies of 'Asia-Kaya', Indonesian-language, Jakarata, May 10 and May 11, 1942; 'Nippon Times', front page, Tokyo, Feb. 6, 1943; and two rare copies of 'The China Lantern', August 15 and 18, 1945, including: 'JAPAN QUITS' issue. Overall very good.

Lot: 707 - 'THE MESSENGERS OF PEACE'

Rare 1936 Olympics book: 'The Messengers of Peace, From Olympia to Berlin' by Victor Kuron (Berlin: Reimer Hobbing Verlag), 1936. Approx. 100pp. 8vo. with illustrated covers. A somewhat ironic title, as the photographic contents often show German torch runners and participants at Olympia receiving a Nazi salute and offering their own in kind, greetings by Nazi officials, Hitler leading a procession of dignitaries, etc. Of course, many of these 'messengers of peace' would be dead on the Russian Front within a few short years.

Lot: 708 - 'THE N.S.D.F.B. STAHLHELM'

Scarce book: 'N.S.D.F.B. Stahlhelm' (Berlin: Freiheitsverlag GMBH), 1935. 128pp. 8vo. in black cardboard and cloth, silver titles. 128 pages, with many photo images on art paper (117 images in rotogravure). Foreword by federal leader Franz Seldte and containing the two federal songs, reorganization document and appeal by the leader, organization of the Stahlhelm, essays, histories, etc. With 'Reichswehr Army Command' stamp to title page. Edges of covers a bit worn, else very good.

Lot: 709 - 'VOLK UND KANZLER' PROPAGANDA BOOK

Very rare publication 'Vold und Kanzler' ("People and Chancellor') by Otto Gube, (Berlin: Verlag von Reimar Hobbing), 1934. 88pp. 4to., in pictorial covers. A propaganda piece filled with images of Hitler, events during his rise to power, and his adoring public, with accompanying text. There are also photos of Goebbels, Hindenburg, von Papen, etc., the Reichstag burning, and so on. Very good.

Lot: 710 - 'ZEPPELIN WELTFAHRTEN' CIGARETTE BOOK

'ZEPPELIN WELTFAHRTEN' CIGARETTE BOOK Cigarette card book: 'Zeppelin-Weltfahrten' (Lohse: Dresden), 1933, unpaginated 9.5 x 13.5 in., the first in a two-volume set which provides a history of Zeppelins and their construction. Very detailed and well-illustrated, complete with maps, diagrams, flight plans, and 264 miniature cigarette card photographs, each 1.5 x 2 in. b/w. Scenes include zeppelin construction, notable zeppelin engineers, people traveling in zeppelins, and aerial photographs of landscapes such as the Italian Alps, Spanish, French, and German cities, and the Mediterranean Sea. Moderately worn with scattered stains.

Lot: 711 - (1936 BERLIN OLYMPICS) 'TORCH BEARERS OF SPORTS'

(1936 BERLIN OLYMPICS) 'TORCH BEARERS OF SPORTS' Exceptionally rare book: 'Fackeltrager des Sports' ('Torch Bearers of Sports') (Berlin: Neuland Verlag), 1938. paper boards, 224pp. 8vo., Cover torn along spine about two inches with tape remnant. A collection of photographs, biographical information and inspirational text of mainly German athletes with some additional foreigners, all advocating a smoke and alcohol free lifestyle. Includes the experiences and testimonies of champions and competitors from the 1936 Berlin Olympics as well as Jesse Owens, Charles Lindbergh, Amelia Earhart, cricketer Jack Hobbs and runner Eric Liddell of Chariots of Fire fame. Issued by Deutschen Frauenbund für alkoholfreie Kultur e.V. Interestingly, the frontis portrait and foreword are by Dr. Leonardo Conti (1900-1945), the Reich Health Leader in Nazi Germany who promoted 'Aktion T-4' - the murder of Germans who were of 'unsound mind'.

Lot: 712 - (JOSEPH FOSS) 'WHEN YOU SEE ZEROS, FIGHT EM'

(JOSEPH FOSS) 'WHEN YOU SEE ZEROS, FIGHT EM' JOSEPH FOSS (1915 -2003) Leading Marine Corps fighter ace in World War II, Medal of Honor recipient for his actions in the Guadalcanal Campaign. Later Governor of South Dakota, President of the NRA, Commissioner of the American Football League, and a TV broadcaster. A very fine limited edition print by famed American artist WILLIAM S. PHILLIPS, no. 19/500, titled 'When you see zeros, Fight em', 24 x 18 in. (sight), depicting a scene of a dogfight with the caption 'Captain Joseph J. Foss rescues a fellow wildcat pilot by shooting down his eight Japanese Zero over Guadalcanal on October 23, 1943.' Signed by Foss and the artist at the bottom. Matted and framed.

Lot: 713 - 1932 ELECTION BROADSIDE PRAISES HINDENBERG

Good content broadside from the 1932 German election, 8.25 x 11.5 in., praising President Paul von Hindenburg and calling for his reelection. In part: 'Find out Germany's will for freedom! Hindenburg must continue to be our head of state...Foreign countries must be shown on August 10th that our nation stands unanimously behind its leader...everyone who does fight against the tributes, against the unilateral disarmament of Germany against the war guilt lie...Every vote for our Reich President is an aid in the diplomatic battle in Geneva...Elect: Hindenburg!' Dated in pencil at the lower margin. Fine condition.

Lot: 714 - 1936 BERLIN OLYMPICS CLOSING CEREMONY PROGRAM

Rare 1936 Olympic Games printed publication: 'Instructions for the Closing Ceremony of the XI. Olympics Berlin 1936 on Sunday, August 16, 1936, in the Olympia Stadium (Reichsportfeld)...', 8pp. 4to., a detailed schedule of the closing ceremony of these Olympic Games on a minute-by-minute basis, along with the accompanying music. This program was presented to all participants at the closing ceremony. Very fine.

Lot: 715 - 1936 OLYMPICS SOUVENIR STAMP SHEETS

Two souvenir postage stamp sheets (Mi. #624-27 (Block 5), Mi. #628-31 (Block 6), Sc. #B91-92), issued in the Third Reich on August 1, 1935, the opening day of the Summer Olympics in Berlin. They included the eight designs issued in May as regular surtaxed postage stamps. The sheet portion was watermarked 'XI OLYMPISCHE SPIELE / BERLIN 1936', and the stamps themselves were watermarked swastikas. Fine.

Lot: 716 - 1938 PRO-ANSCHLUSS BROADSIDE

Printed pro-Anschluss broadside, 8.75 x 11.75 in., exalting the unification of Germany and Austria. The broadside reads, in large part: 'Austria free! The chains fell! German brothers in Austria and in the other districts of Germany broke them together. Common blood - common fate, common struggle welded them together. We are again one People...an Empire...On April 10th we proudly and joyfully confess to the whole world: our yes means ...Ein Volk! Ein Reich! Ein Fuhrer!'. Fine condition.

Lot: 717 - 1939 NUREMBERG RALLY CARDS

Original and very rare printer's proof set of cards created to commemorate the 1939 Nuremberg rally, notably cancelled due to the outbreak of World War II. The 19.5 in x 21.5 in. card stock sheet features three vibrant rows of five different cards (15 total), each 4 in. x 5.5 in. Scenes on the cards include the layout of the rally area at Nuremberg, German soldiers standing in front of a Nazi eagle, a Hitler Youth hoisting a Nazi flag, a flag in front of a castle, and finally NSDAP flags in front of the Reichstag. These cards were never circulated nor cut from the original sheet. The back of the stock sheet features an unknown printed painting with the signature of Hungarian artist Hans Bogojevic, likely overprinted due to paper shortages so as not to waste paper. Sight tears to the edges with some image loss to the right-most three cards, light damp-stain at lower corner, else very good. Encapsulated. The 1939 Nuremberg Rally, scheduled for September 2nd to 11th, was given the name 'Rally of Peace' to prove to European nations that Germany wished to avoid war… ironically, Germany began its offensive against Poland one day before the event, igniting World War II and leading to its cancellation.

Lot: 718 - 1940 GERMAN NUDIST PUBLICATION

Scarce German publication extolling the benefits of nudism: 'Von Leibeszucht und Leibesschonheit' ('Of Body Discipline and Body Beauty') by Kurt Reichert (Berlin: Verlag Deutsche Leibeszucht), first edition, approx. 100pp. 8vo. in orange cloth with blue titles, tattered illustrated dust jacket. Almost entirely comprised of color plates of 'Aryan' nudes in various outdoor settings. Reichert's philosophy: '...our attempt at a new way of life becomes an important and indispensable part of folk life. Racial selection cannot be ordered. Anyone who wants selection must create a sufficient opportunity so that the sexes can face each other free from any inappropriate tutelage and free from the pseudo-values ??of civilization in a clean and unambiguous environment and can recognize their worth or worthlessness from the undisguised expression and movement of their bodies...', seeking a 'racial-folk ideal'.

Lot: 719 - ADOLF HITLER 'X' TIME MAGAZINE

ADOLF HITLER 'X' TIME MAGAZINE Full copy of the May 7, 1945, issue of TIME magazine, showing Adolf Hitler on the front cover with a red 'X' crossing his image. The cover story notes, in part: '...One dictator lay dead in a square in Milan, his head on the breast of his dead mistress, his body cursed and spat upon. It mattered little where the other one was, whether quavering in a Bavarian mountain...or raving mad in the tomb in Berlin...or dead...for him, too, the wall had come down.' Hitler had committed suicide one week prior to this publication, on April 30, 1945. Very fine condition.

Lot: 720 - ADOLF HITLER PHOTOGRAPH WITH QUOTATION

ADOLF HITLER PHOTOGRAPH WITH QUOTATION Fine Adolf Hitler photo portrait with heavy lithographed quotation from his 'Mein Kampf', 6.5 x 10.25 in. overall, the quote reading: 'He who would live must fight. He who doesn't wish to fight in this world, where permanent struggle is the law of life, has not the right to exist.' Two small glue spots at the bottom of the portrait, small corner crease, else very good.

Lot: 721 - ADOLF HITLER TIME MAGAZINE

ADOLF HITLER TIME MAGAZINE Full copy of the April 14, 1941, issue of TIME magazine showing Adolf Hitler on the front cover in his 'brownshirt' uniform, captioned: 'Spring is Here'. The articles contained feature current events in the war. Lightly worn, else very fine condition.

Lot: 722 - ADOLF HITLER TIME MAGAZINE

ADOLF HITLER TIME MAGAZINE Full copy of the March 13, 1933, issue of TIME magazine showing Adolf Hitler on the front cover in his 'brownshirt' uniform, captioned 'His Keynote: 'Rebirth of Bolshevism' .' The cover story of this issue follows the events of the Nazis seizing power in Germany. Lightly worn, else fine condition.

Lot: 723 - USS ARIZONA SHIPBOARD NEWSPAPER

USS ARIZONA SHIPBOARD NEWSPAPER Newspaper printed aboard the ill-fated battleship USS ARIZONA, titled: 'AT 'EM ARIZONA', pictures a side view of the vessel in the masthead with the motto 'One Arizona, Always Arizona', 4pp. 4to., San Pedro, Sep. 2, 1933. Typical Navy vessel content includes news about the new Navy pay bill, uniform changes, training courses, Byrd's Second Antarctic Expedition, the football schedule for the 'Battle Force' battleship and aircraft carrier teams (many of these vessels would be damaged or sunk at Pearl Harbor), jokes, etc. Fine.

Lot: 724 - USS ARIZONA SHIPBOARD NEWSPAPER

USS ARIZONA SHIPBOARD NEWSPAPER Newspaper printed aboard the ill-fated battleship USS ARIZONA, titled: 'AT 'EM ARIZONA', pictures a side view of the vessel in the masthead with the motto 'One Arizona, Always Arizona', 4pp. 4to., San Pedro, Mar. 25, 1933. Typical Navy vessel content includes news about the vessel's schedule, officer personnel changes, 'Battle Force' baseball schedule for games between battleship and aircraft carrier teams (many of these vessels would be damaged or sunk at Pearl Harbor), jokes and anecdotes, etc. Fine.

Lot: 725 - ALLIED NORTH AFRICAN CAMPAIGN FIELD MESSAGE BOOK

A vintage 'Field Message Book' issued to Allied officers and NCOs as a general field notebook. This example was printed in August 1940 and owned by a British soldier serving in North Africa, unpaginated 4to., bearing instructions on writing messages followed by multiple pages of handwritten notes. Most interestingly, one section discusses the final days of the Siege of Tobruk. In part: '...26.11.41...On orders from OC 240...I proceeded with two platoon in convoy with Capt. Roberts loaded with special...packs for the 13th Corps...comprising 108 loads...patrol supplies...water...octane....total vehicles 106....27.11.41....I made contact with Maj. Heweston[?]...need his written order to proceed...as convoy...the convoy started at dusk and proceeded...passed through the German lines without opposition...another convoy was chased...at dawn by enemy AFV's...' Moderately worn with chipping and edgewear throughout. Tobruk is a port city on the Mediterranean coast of Libya that changed hands multiple times during the North African campaign. Axis forces under Erwin Rommel began a siege of the city in April of 1941, as they want to capture it in order to have a port closer to Egypt. The skeleton Allied force repulsed multiple attempts to take the city, the last one taking place in late November. One of the days described, November 27th, is when the city was relieved by the Eighth British Army. The author was likely a soldier stationed in Tobruk being convoyed out to be replaced with fresh troops.

Lot: 726 - AMERICAN SOLDIER'S DIARY

AMERICAN SOLDIER'S DIARY The diary of U.S. Army soldier L. C. Henry of the 5th Signal Corps written in a German 'merkbuch' ('memo book') during the Allied push into Germany with good content on major events in the final days of the war, unpaginated 8vo., various places, April 6th-June 8th, 1945. In part: '...Got a small view of General Patton today when he came...for the purpose of decorating a medical man by the name of Garman with the Congressional Medal of Honor! His jeep passed right by me...Today we learned the melancholy news that President Roosevelt had died in a Cerebral Hemorrhage yesterday afternoon...In my opinion President Roosevelt was probably the greatest president in American History!... Today I saw something which certainly made me sick. Some Russian prisoners were actually picking raw bacon fat, bacon, and bacon rind out to the slop cans outside our company kitchen and eating them (also soggy old crackers, bread, slimy, mushy, moldy bread, etc.) ...I tell you, it was pitiful...In the town we are at now...there seems to be more Russians, Poles, French, etc. Nazi slave labor, then there are German civilians...Read in the 'Stars and Stripes' today that Ernie Pyle has been killed in the Pacific Theater. He was the war's most human and popular reporter...It was reported today that partisans have shot Benito Mussolini and killed him!...Heinrich Himmler is said to be discussing alternative unconditional surrender terms....It was announced by the German radio last night that Hitler is dead...' and much more war content. Harold A. Garman (1918-1992) was an American combat medic during World War II who won the Medal of Honor for his actions near Montereau by saving wounded soldiers through heavy machine gun fire. Some tears at the binding, slightly toned inside, moderately worn. Accompanied by 20 official War Department letters sent by Henry to his wife Alice. Conditions vary.

Lot: 727 - AMERICAN VERSION OF 'MEIN KAMPF'

AMERICAN VERSION OF 'MEIN KAMPF' American version of Hitler's 'Mein Kampf' with a most ironic ownership history, (Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co.), 1939. 298pp. 8vo. in pale green cloth with red title with red static swastika. Broken at the gutter within. The front flyleaf bears the ownership stamp of a man in Yonkers, New York who added his opinion of the work: 'Worlds greatest collection of Balony' Beneath the criticism is an donation stamp of the Catholic charity, the Knights of Columbus. Finally, the title page bears an 'Ex Libris' stamp from 'St. Anthony Friary' in Hudson, New Hampshire. It was a Roman Catholic seminary run by the Franciscans and closed in 1989.

Lot: 728 - ANSCHLUSS ELECTION BALLOTS (2)

Good pair of 1938 pro-Adolf Hitler and annexation of Austria election ballots, each 8.5' x 5.75', asking the voter to choose whether or not to accept the Nazi slate of candidates and to approve the annexation of Austria. Of course, the 'Ja' circle is larger than 'Nein', and each is marked with an 'x' in pencil. Each very good to fine. Two pieces. Parliamentary elections were held in Germany and Austria on Apr. 10, 1938. Turnout in the election was officially 99.5% with 98.9% voting "yes".

Lot: 729 - ARBEITSBUCHS (17)

ARBEITSBUCHS (17) Lot of 17 World War II era German 'arbeitsbuchs' ('work books'), varying pages 8vo., 1933-1943, all issued to German citizens documenting their personal information and work history. Some occupations include bakers, glass manufacturers, steel and granite workers, mechanics, and telegraph operators. Most notably, two featured individuals who worked for the German Heer, one for the Luftwaffe, and one for an artillery training school. One also has been 'denazified' with its swastika on the front having been purposefully worn off. Conditions vary, but overall good. 17 items.

Lot: 730 - BERCHTESGADEN BROCHURE WITH BERGHOF

War-era color travel brochure, 12pp. 7.75 x 8 in., an attractive piece combining color photographs and graphics depicting scenes from Berchtesgaden. Hitler's vacation home, the Berghof, is given a full-page photograph on page three. Light damp stain to cover, else very good.

Lot: 731 - BLOOD DONATION POSTER FROM OCCUPIED CZECHOSLOVAKIA

BLOOD DONATION POSTER FROM OCCUPIED CZECHOSLOVAKIA Blood donation poster in German and Czech, 32.75 x 23.5 in., once displayed in the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia, bearing the exhortation: 'Blood is life!...with your blood you save the lives of others today; soon, they'll save yours again...register at the next public hospital!'. This message is placed atop a black field with a large red exclamation point, with the names of the protectorate printed in both languages at the bottom. Folds, notable stain at upper left, else very good.

Lot: 732 - BRASS EAGLE PLAQUE

BRASS EAGLE PLAQUE A fine plaque constructed of brass featuring an eagle with outstretched wings perched on a wreath of leaves and a shield affixed at its breast. Roughly 8 x 9 in. No other marks present. Mounting screw still present on the reverse, slight discoloration else fine.

Lot: 733 - BRITISH AIR MINISTRY ACCOUNT OF THE 'BATTLE OF BRITAIN'

BRITISH AIR MINISTRY ACCOUNT OF THE 'BATTLE OF BRITAIN' Scarce publication: 'The Battle of Britain An Air Ministry Account of the Great Days from 8th August - 31st October 1940' (London: His Majesty's Stationery Office), 1941. 36pp. paperback, an account of this historic defense of England, heavily illustrated, this edition published immediately after the last days of that crucial struggle. Staples binding the book a bit rusty, cover lightly worn, else very good. SOLD WITH: a later edition of the same book, 32pp. 8vo., in blue covers. Two pieces.

Lot: 734 - CONSCRIPTED GERMAN 'WEHRPASSES' (8)

CONSCRIPTED GERMAN 'WEHRPASSES' (8) Lot of eight 'wehrpass' ('military record') booklets issued to individuals upon their conscription into the Wehrmacht. All eight men were German citizens labeled as 'Wehrpflichtige' ('conscript'), of varying ages, who were mustered into the 'Landwehr', forces in charge of defending the homeland, or 'Ersatzreserve' reserve forces drawn upon to fill ranks of active regiments. All bear their identification photos, and document their biographical information, military careers, and awards. Conditions vary, mostly worn.

Lot: 735 - CZECH OLYPMIAN 'AUSWEIS'

CZECH OLYPMIAN 'AUSWEIS' A rare 'ausweis' (identification card) for a Czech Olympian who participated in the 1936 Summer Olympics in Berlin, 2pp. 3.5 x 6 in., issued in Prague, July 20, 1936. The athlete named Jan Chytry was from a town called Roudnice and records show that he participated in boxing for Czechoslovakia, being eliminated in the first round of contention. Moderately toned, else fine.

Lot: 736 - CZECH RESISTANCE ANNOUNCES THE DEATHS OF REVOLUTIONARIES

Memorial broadside published by the Czech Resistance, 16.75 x 12 in., announcing the deaths of dozens of fellow revolutionaries 'due to the terror of the German Gestapo' on May 7, 1945, listing the names and job titles of the deceased. Beneath this, the publication adds dozens of additional names of citizens 'who died in the air bombing of May 9,1945'. The conclusion indicates that funeral services will be held, adding one final exhortation: 'I swear, your deaths will be avenged!' Folds, two marginal tears, archivally repaired on the reverse, else fine.

Lot: 737 - DWIGHT D. EISENHOWER'S FAREWELL TO THE TROOPS

DWIGHT D. EISENHOWER'S FAREWELL TO THE TROOPS Rare printed handbill signed in type by AEF Supreme Commander Dwight D. Eisenhower, 1p. 8vo., [n.p., n.d., ca. mid-1945], the text of Eisenhower's message to members of the A.E.F. In full: 'TO ALL MEMBERS OF THE ALLIED EXPEDITIONARY FORCE The task which we set ourselves is finished, and the time has come for me to relinquish Combined Command. In the name of the United States and the British Commonwealth, from whom my authority is derived, I should like to convey to you the gratitude and admiration of our two nations for the manner in which you have responded to every demand that has been made upon you. At times, conditions have been hard and the tasks to be performed arduous. No praise is too high for the manner in which you have surmounted every obstacle. I should like, also, to add my own personal word of thanks to each one of you for the part you have played and the contribution you have made to our joint victory. Now that you are about to pass to other spheres of activity, I say Good-bye to you and wish you Good Luck and God-Speed.' Some paperclip stains at top, light soiling, else very good.

Lot: 738 - FALLSCHRIM-PANZER DIVISION 'HERMANN GOERING' SOLDBUCH

FALLSCHRIM-PANZER DIVISION 'HERMANN GOERING' SOLDBUCH Luftwaffe soldier's identity book, a 'soldbuch' issued to Friedrich Wilhelm Lemminger[?] in Bielefeld on October 27, 1944, including his photograph, personal information, vaccination history, recorded hospitalizations, inventory of provided clothing and equipment, security checks, authorized leaves and more. His service record shows that he was a member of the second regiment of the Fallschrim-Panzer Division 'Hermann Goering' which was an elite Luftwaffe armored division. Its personnel was initially recruited from volunteers from Nazi organizations such as the Hitler Youth, later receiving intakes from the Army and conscripts of the Luftwaffe. This naming, after Reichsmarshall Goering, was intended to establish a close connection between Wehrmacht units and National Socialism. Among its combat missions, the division maintained guard forces, such as a guard in Goering's estate at Carinhall and the flak defense of Hitler's headquarters and personal train. Slightly worn with toning, else very good. Accompanied by another soldbuch of an infantry reserve soldier in the German Army.

Lot: 739 - FIELD CHAPLAIN CONDOR LEGION ARTWORK

Hand-painted draft artwork for a news letter or perhaps a sign, reads: 'Feldgeistlicher ['Field Chaplain'] LEGION CONDOR'. 8.5 x 12.75 in. overall, slightly brushed, else very good.

Lot: 740 - FIFTY YEN BILL RECOVERED FROM IWO JIMA

A war-era Japanese fifty yen note, 4 x 3.5 in., depicting the famous 'Yasukuni Shrine' located in Tokyo on the face. The verso bears a stamp reading: 'Examined in the Field...JOINT INTELLIGENCE DOCUMENTS' and is signed by an intelligence officer, along with the finder's notation: 'Recovered from Jap. Cave on IWO JIMA April 18, 1945.' Lightly soiled and worn, overall very good.

Lot: 741 - FRENCH 'GERMAN CAPITULATION' POSTER

FRENCH 'GERMAN CAPITULATION' POSTER A contemporary French poster titled 'Capitulation 1945', 18.75 x 14.5 in., color and b/w, depicting a scene of high-ranking German officials signing the Instrument of Surrender in Reims on May 7, 1945, with a red quill and a swastika which is crossed out. Notable individuals pictured include Wilhelm Keitel and Hans Georg von Friedeburg who negotiated the surrender. Multiple tears, some of which are repaired on the verso with tape.

Lot: 742 - FRENCH SOCIALIST PARTY POSTER

FRENCH SOCIALIST PARTY POSTER A large interwar era poster, 30 x 45 in. (sight), b/w, advocating to join the 'SFIO' party or 'French Section of Workers International', circa 1936, titled 'La Mort Pour Vous, Le Profit Pour Nous' ('Death for you, profit for us.') Depicted at the top is a scene of civilians and soldiers having bombs dropped on them, while at the bottom is a group of men sitting with cigars labeled as 'Assocation Internationale Des Fournisseurs' ('International association of war suppliers.') At the bottom is the caption in French, 'For disarmament and peace, join the French Socialist Party.' Matted, very fine condition.

Lot: 743 - GERMAN 'WEHRPASSES' (4)

GERMAN 'WEHRPASSES' (4) Lot of four 'wehrpass' ('military record') booklets issued to member of the Wehrmacht. All four men were German citizens attached to the Heer serving in various units and roles. All bear their identification photos, and document their biographical information, military careers, and awards. Conditions vary, mostly worn.

Lot: 744 - GERMAN BROADSIDE DESPERATELY TRIES TO LIMIT CZECH RESISTANCE

GERMAN BROADSIDE DESPERATELY TRIES TO LIMIT CZECH RESISTANCE Excellent content broadside issued by the Government of the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia, 33.3 x 24.25 in, desperately trying to convince Crech citizens from aligning with the growing resistance movement. Printed in both German and Czech, it reads in large part: '...everyone who cares about the well-being of the Czech people condemns it with indignation when the Czech emigrés support the aspirations and goals of the enemy... these people are well aware of the catastrophe that befell the Czech people two years ago when murderers...carried out the assassination attempt on the Deputy Reich Protector General Heydrich.... Do not support any disruptor of domestic peace and tranquility at home and no agent sent from the field to our country; bring any suspicious elements approaching you immediately to the state authorities...anyone who grants shelter or assistance to the enemy is punished with death....do not let yourself be infatuated by false temptations... Think of your family, your children, of your whole people, whom you have plunged into immeasurable ruin through rash actions, but whom you can help to a better and happier future through your calm, clear and level-headed demeanor and behavior...' Folds, tiny tears at the centerfolds and small chips to the edges, some tape remnants on the verso, else very good. This poster was released as a desperate attempt to limit the rapidly spreading resistance movement, as earlier that month, conspirators of the First Czechoslovak Army under revolutionary Jan Golian began stockpiling money, ammunition and other supplies in military bases throughout Slovakia. This was a direct precursor to the Slovak National Uprising, which would begin four months later.

Lot: 745 - GERMAN CIGARETTE BOOKS (4)

GERMAN CIGARETTE BOOKS (4) Lot of four German cigarette books from the World War II era, various pages, dates, and publishers, including titles such as 'FROM WOODS AND FIELDS', 'MIRACLES OF WILDLIFE', 'FROM GERMANY'S BIRD WORLD', and 'PICTURES FROM ALL OVER THE WORLD.' All appear to be completed with cigarette cards. Conditions vary but mostly fine.

Lot: 746 - GERMAN IRON CROSS PLAQUE

GERMAN IRON CROSS PLAQUE A gold-painted metal plaque, a replica of the German Iron Cross award surrounded by a wreath of oak leaves above crossed banners, roughly 10 x 12 in. No other marks present. Mounting screw still present on the reverse. Fine.

Lot: 747 - GERMAN MILITARY MECHANIC'S HANDBOOK

Scarce German publication: 'Handbuck fur Kraftfahrer' ('Guide for Drivers'), (Berlin: E. S. Mittler & Sohn), 1939. 352pp. 8vo., heavily worn covers with tape repair, cover coming loose from spine, contents very good. A very detailed guide to the maintenance, service and repair of gasoline engines used on everything from Volkswagens (pictured within) and other civilian verhicles to military vehicles including light tanks and motorcycles. Hundreds of illustrations and descriptions, with additional information on brake systems, transmissions, electrical systems, treads, suspension, etc. A valuable asset to those who may own period German vehicles!

Lot: 748 - GERMAN REPLY TO AMERICAN SAFE CONDUCT PASS

GERMAN REPLY TO AMERICAN SAFE CONDUCT PASS A satirical German-issued reply to a common American safe conduct pass dropped upon German forces,2pp. sm. 8vo. The clever Germans took the format of the Eisenhower-signed safe conduct pass and reworded it, with the text above Ike's signature reading: 'The German soldier who carries this...is using it as a sign of his genuine wish to go into captivity for the next ten years, to betray his fatherland, to return home a broken old man...never to see his parents, wife and children again...' The verso is addressed to 'Dear Friends', reading: 'We are returning your old dodge, after having made the necessary rectifications...we could [not] be lured into surrender through ham and eggs...' Very good.

Lot: 749 - GERMAN-ISSUED RUSSIAN SAFE CONDUCT PASS

GERMAN-ISSUED RUSSIAN SAFE CONDUCT PASS Very rare German-issue safe conduct pass dropped on Russian troops, 5.75 x 3.5 in., reading in part: 'Fighter, Commander, Political Worker! The Bolsheviks forcibly drove the peasant into collective farms and deprived him of the right to work freely on his land. They shot and sent to the north to the camps a MILLION peasants, now dissatisfied with this robbery. Now the Bolsheviks are forcing you to shed your blood in order to preserve the collective farms in which the peasant works unbearably and, nevertheless, cannot feed himself. Bayonets into the ground! Stop resistance in order to build New Russia, in which every peasant WILL RECEIVE HIS OWN OWN LAND...' Margins heavily toned, margins on verso backed with silk to prevent further chipping. Of course, Russian prisoners of the Germans were starved and shot on a wholesale basis.

Lot: 750 - GERMANY CONFISCATES LARGE DOGS IN OCCUPIED CZECHOSLOVAKIA

GERMANY CONFISCATES LARGE DOGS IN OCCUPIED CZECHOSLOVAKIA Incredibly upsetting Third Reich broadside in German and Czech, 25 x 18.75 in., Badweis, Dec. 14, 1942, in which the Chief of Police orders occupied citizens to hand over all dogs with a shoulder height of over 50cm to the Czech police department. The poster also lists four exemptions: work dogs, police dogs, guide dogs, and '...dogs belonging to official foreign missions...' - aka German officials. Of course, the broadside threatens that violators will suffer significant fines or imprisonment. To make the whole issue sadder, the confiscation of their beloved pets is to occur at the ...former YMCA playground...' - likely a result of Germany's crackdowns on communal gatherings and civil liberties. Folds, non-intrusive staining, else fine.

Lot: 751 - GUERNSEY IS LIBERATED BROADSIDE

GUERNSEY IS LIBERATED BROADSIDE Great war-date 'extra' broadsheet issued by the Guernsey newspaper 'The Star', 1p. 12 x 19 in., printed on newspaper stock, May 8, 1945, announces: 'THE WAR IS OVER FOR GUERNSEY'. It further advises that Churchill would announce the end of the war the same day, after which flags could be flown, and that at 10:00 that day 'Korvetten Kapitan Reich and Baron von Aufsess...said that the war was over in the Channel Islands and elsewhere...' Lightly toned, with a few short marginal tears. A nice piece for framing.

Lot: 752 - HAWAIIAN NEWSPAPER ANNOUNCES WARS END

HAWAIIAN NEWSPAPER ANNOUNCES WARS END August 14, 1945, issue of the 'Honolulu Star Bulletin', 16pp. 17 x 24 in. (opened), titled 'Extra! Its Peace!' with other headlines announcing the end of the war with Japan. Toned with moderate edge wear and tears.

Lot: 753 - HIMMLER NEW YEARS EVE CARD TO SS

HIMMLER NEW YEARS EVE CARD TO SS A printed paper leaflet distributed to all SS divisions on the war front wishing a Happy New Year for 1943 from their commander Heinrich Himmler, 1p. 8vo., 'Field Command Post' December 21, 1942. The message reads in part: '...May the New Year bring you all happiness and blessings. The winter of the past year tested the entire German people, soldiers, and especially our men at the front. Adolf Hitler's leadership alone passed the test. The year 1943 will once again demand tough challenges from us!...' Large stain to the top right, slightly toned.

Lot: 754 - HITLER YOUTH MANUAL 'H. J. IM DIENST'

HITLER YOUTH MANUAL 'H. J. IM DIENST' Scarce publication: 'H. J. im Dienst' (Hitler Youth in Service') (Berlin: Verlag Bernard & Graese), 1935. 352pp. 8vo., in beige cloth with red title and black swastika. A complete training guide for members of the Hitler Youth,very similar in style to a Boy Scout manual but with special sections especially emphasizes physical training, weapons and their firing, compass use and range determination, surveillance and evasion, camping, etc. Interestingly, many of the illustration portrays the 'youth' or figures in the illustrations in military uniforms! Ownership signature within, along with a newspaper clipping of a 'death card' issued following the death of a friend of the owner, dead at the age of 17. Fine condition.

Lot: 755 - 'HISTORY OF THE SA'

'HISTORY OF THE SA' Scarce publication: 'Geschite Der SA' ('History of the SA'), published on behalf of the SA leadership, (Munich: Zentralverlag der NSDAP), 1937, 128pp. 11.25 x 14.25 in., containing an overview of the history of the SA, the Nazi party's first paramilitary organization. Most interestingly, the bloody SS directed campaign against the SA, also known as the 'Night of the Long Knives' is not mentioned at all. Moderately worn with edge wear.

Lot: 756 - HITLER, HIMMLER ENVELOPES (3)

HITLER, HIMMLER ENVELOPES (3) Lot of three postal envelopes, each 4 x 6 in., each belonging to a Nazi leader, including Adolf Hitler, Heinrich Himmler ('Der Reichfuhrer SS') and a Lebensborn official association. All slightly toned, else fine.

Lot: 757 - KRIEGSMARINE CARD GAME

KRIEGSMARINE CARD GAME A rare and complete set of the World War II German card game 'Kriegsmarine Quartett' containing 48 cards, each 3.25 x 3.75, published in Berlin, 1940, showing actual photographs of all aspects of the German navy and its involvement in the war. Images include the naval campaign against Poland, sinking of English ships, U-Boats, destroyers, cruisers, aircraft carriers, day to day sailor life, and Hitler inspecting ships and sailors. Each card has a caption in German under the photographs. Slight toning and wear, else very good.

Lot: 758 - LUFTWAFFE 'WEHRPASSES'

LUFTWAFFE 'WEHRPASSES' A pair of German 'wehrpass' ('military record') booklets issued to two soldiers attached the Luftwaffe. Both were German citizens marked as 'Wehrpflichtige' ('conscript'). The first few pages bear their identification photo and document their biographical information, military careers, and awards. One of the men was a veteran of World War I and served in the 65th Flieger regiment, while the other served in an 'Ersatzreserve' regiment which filled the ranks of active units when needed. One is in good condition, while the other is heavily worn and has been 'denazified' with the swastika on its cover being purposefully worn away.

Lot: 759 - MEIN KAMPF

MEIN KAMPF A lengthy, red hard cover copy of Hitler's political treatise 'Mein Kampf' in English, (New York: Reynal and Hitchcock), 994pp. 8vo., 1939, fully annotated and unabridged edition. Faded golden lettering on the spine. Dust jacket absent. Lightly worn with edge wear around to the cover. Accompanied by another hardcover copy of ‘Mein Kampf', (Los Angeles; Angriff Press), 384pp. 8vo, [n.y. but a modern edition]. Two items.

Lot: 760 - MEIN KAMPF JUBILEE EDITION FOR PUBLIC CLERKS

MEIN KAMPF JUBILEE EDITION FOR PUBLIC CLERKS A copy of the especially rare 'Jubilee Edition' of Adolf Hitler's 'Mein Kampf', published in honor of hsi 50th birthday, with this particular edition intended for distribution to public clerks. The book lacks the title page and frontis portrait, but was published in Munich by Franz Eher Verlag, 1939. It contains 782 8vo. pages within red cloth boards with gold titles on cover and spine. Covers and spine are worn and bumped at edges. The front pastedown bears a gift inscription and stamp from the 'Kreisleitung Schwaz'. Despite its flaws, this is one of the more difficult copies of Mein Kampf to locate.

Lot: 761 - 'NAVAL POWER OF GERMANY', OWNED BY AN SS CAPTAIN

'NAVAL POWER OF GERMANY', OWNED BY AN SS CAPTAIN Great content Kriegsmarine book: 'Seemacht Deutschland' by Heinz Bongartz (Essen: Essener Verlagsanstalt), 1944. 195pp. 8vo. Second volume. Light spots of foxing throughout, else very good. Uniquely, this book was once owned by an SS captain. According to our consigner - whose father served in Germany immediately after war's end - he received this book (and numerous other items) in 1949 from the family's German maid, 'Tilly'. Tilly's brother, whose name is regrettably unknown to us, served as an SS captain during World War II, and supposedly led one of the crews charged with setting up and dismantling the Nuremberg Rally grounds. According to our consigner, Tilly herself was told little else about these items, as her brother was sent to war. His fate is now unknown to us. Sold with a letter of provenance from our consigner. Numerous other items from this SS officer, including a hanging banner from a later Nuremberg Rally, is also offered in this sale.

Lot: 762 - NAZI PARTY PROPAGANDA BROADSIDES (11)

NAZI PARTY PROPAGANDA BROADSIDES (11) A good lot of eleven propaganda broadsides published by the Nazi party during World War II, each 9.5 x 14 in., 1938-43, featuring quotes from high-ranking party members and illustrations advocating National Socialist ideals. All slightly toned else fine. Eleven items.

Lot: 763 - NAZI POSTAL COVERS (16)

NAZI POSTAL COVERS (16) A good lot of sixteen war-date Nazi postal envelopes, varying sizes and places, 1940-45, featuring handwritten addresses and original stamps. Conditions vary, most are slightly worn with edgewear. One includes a T.L.S., 1p. 8vo., Dusseldorf, January 3, 1941, sent by G.A. Hewitt[?] to Dr. Max Schmidt requesting he register his Nazi Party membership with his local office.

Lot: 764 - NAZI PROPOGANDA FLYER

NAZI PROPOGANDA FLYER A small double sided propaganda flyer issued by the Nazi regime advocating anti-Semitic, anti-Bolshevik, and anti-American sentiments, 2pp. 8vo., [n.p.], 1943. One side showing Stalin attired in masonic apron and Charles de Gaulle under a marriage canopy stepping over Europe with a Star of David above, all while an 'eye' looks on, with Winston Churchill and Franklin Roosevelt saluting them with swords. The verso shows a miniature newspaper cover titled 'Moscow Daily News' depicting Roosevelt and Russian diplomats. Worn with a small chip to the top.

Lot: 765 - NAZI TIME MAGAZINE ISSUES (5)

NAZI TIME MAGAZINE ISSUES (5) Lot of five issues of TIME magazine all dated from 1942, featuring covers that depict high-ranking German military or Nazi Party leaders, including Karl Doenitz, Fedor von Bock, Gerd von Rundstedt, Erwin Rommel, and Franz Halder. Conditions vary but mostly good.

Lot: 766 - NAZI TIME MAGAZINE ISSUES (5)

NAZI TIME MAGAZINE ISSUES (5) Lot of five issues of TIME magazine, 1940-1942, featuring covers that depict high-ranking German military or Nazi Party leaders, including Walter Reder, Erhard Milch, Wilhelm List, Wilhelm Keitel, and Fedor von Bock. Conditions vary but mostly fine.

Lot: 767 - NAZI TIME MAGAZINE ISSUES (7)

NAZI TIME MAGAZINE ISSUES (7) Lot of seven issues of TIME magazine, 1940-1942, featuring covers that depict high-ranking German military or Nazi Party leaders, including Herman Goering, Erich von Manstein, Hans Guderian, Gerd von Rundstedt, Walter von Brauchitsch, Nikolaus von Falkenhorst, and the last one titled 'Hitler's Heirs.' Conditions vary but mostly fine.

Lot: 768 - NAZIS AND NUDISM: 'ARYAN OLYMPIC SPIRIT'

Rare nudist sports book: 'Mensch und Sonne: Arisch-olympischer Geist' ('Man and Sun: Aryan Olympic Spirit') by pioneer of 'naturism' HANS SUREN (1885 - 1972) (Berlin: Verlag Scherl), 1936. 258pp. 8vo. in tan boards with brown titles. An excessively rare and copiously illustrated copy of this photobook of German 'naturism', singing its praises while venerating the athleticism of the 'ideal' Aryan German. The books shows men, women, and many young children exercising and posing in risque ways. The book's front pastedown and front flyleaf is signed and inscribed by the author, with 'friendly greetings to his friend' Hans Skopnek. Sold with an accordion 8pp. pamphlet advertising the nudist work, also well-illustrated. Each are in very fine condition.

Lot: 769 - NORMAN ROCKWELL'S 'FOUR FREEDOMS'

NORMAN ROCKWELL'S 'FOUR FREEDOMS' Colorful and very rare print set of American artist Norman Rockwell's iconic World War II 'Four Freedoms' paintings, each 12.75 x 16.5 in., including 'Freedom from Fear', 'Freedom of Worship', 'Freedom from Want', and 'Freedom of Speech.' Each is marked at the bottom as being issued for the 'Saturday Evening Post. Some toning and other scattered stains, yet overall fine condition. Four pieces.

Lot: 770 - NSDAP PROPAGANDA BOOK 'I FIGHT'

NSDAP PROPAGANDA BOOK 'I FIGHT' NSDAP propaganda publication, 'Ich Kampfe' ('I Fight'), issued by the 'Main Cultural Office in the Reich Propaganda Directorate of the NSDAP', (Munich: Zentralverlag der NSDAP Franz Eher Nachf.), 1943, 100pp. 4to. This book was intended to be presented to each new member of the NSDAP upon their enrollment, and features highly self-aggrandizing sections describing the party's origins, history, structure, and purported achievements. It is illustrated with color and b/w photos, and of course bears numerous quotes from Hitler and other party bigwigs. Heavily worn with substantial stains and tears. All copies of this book were supposed to have been destroyed during the Allied occupation of Germany following the NSDAP's downfall, making surviving copies rare.

Lot: 771 - NUREMBERG 'CALL TO ARMS' BROADSIDE, ISSUED DAYS BEFORE THE FALL OF THE CITY

Rare printed broadside, 12 in. x 18.5 in., Nuremberg, April 14, 1945, a notice of a call to arms to defend the city of Nuremberg from approaching Allied forces. In part: 'All conscripts born in 1884 or younger have to defend their threatened homeland...Those called up must bring the following when they are called: coat, blanket, provisions for a march of three days, and if available military clothing and equipment'. A facsimile signature at the conclusion is KARL HOLZ (1895-1945), Gauleiter of Franconia, a friend of Julius Streicher and editor of 'Der Sturmer', killed in the battle for Nuremberg. Holz was the Reich Defense Commissioner at the time. One fold, else very fine condition. The city of Nuremberg would be surrendered to the Allies only four days later, on April 18, 1945. From a large grouping of 'liberated' Nuremberg relics consigned to us from the estate of Captain Augustus B. Hill, the Chief of Real Estate and Land Resources of the Bavarian sector of the American military government. Nuremberg was the second-largest city within his jurisdiction. Sold with a scanned copy of a letter of provenance from our consigner, who describes how Hill's property ended up in his collection.

Lot: 772 - NUREMBERG 'CALL TO ARMS' BROADSIDE, ISSUED DAYS BEFORE THE FALL OF THE CITY

Rare printed broadside, 12 in. x 18.5 in., Nuremberg, April 14, 1945, a notice of a call to arms to defend the city of Nuremberg from approaching Allied forces. In part: 'All conscripts born in 1884 or younger have to defend their threatened homeland...Those called up must bring the following when they are called: coat, blanket, provisions for a march of three days, and if available military clothing and equipment'. A facsimile signature at the conclusion is KARL HOLZ (1895-1945), Gauleiter of Franconia, a friend of Julius Streicher and editor of 'Der Sturmer', killed in the battle for Nuremberg. Holz was the Reich Defense Commissioner at the time. One fold, else very fine condition. The city of Nuremberg would be surrendered to the Allies only four days later, on April 18, 1945. From a large grouping of 'liberated' Nuremberg relics consigned to us from the estate of Captain Augustus B. Hill, the Chief of Real Estate and Land Resources of the Bavarian sector of the American military government. Nuremberg was the second-largest city within his jurisdiction. Sold with a scanned copy of a letter of provenance from our consigner, who describes how Hill's property ended up in his collection.

Lot: 773 - NUREMBERG CALL TO ARMS POSTER

Printed poster, 12 in. x 18.5 in., Nuremberg, April 14, 1945, a notice of a call to arms to defend the city of Nuremberg from the approaching Allied forces, in part: 'All conscripts born in 1884 or younger have to defend their threatened homeland...Those called up must bring the following when they are called: coat, blanket, provisions for a march of three days, and if available military clothing and equipment'. A facsimile signature at the conclusion is KARL HOLZ (1895-1945), Gauleiter of Franconia, a friend of Julius Streicher and editor of 'Der Sturmer', killed in the battle for Nuremberg. Holz was the Reich Defense Commissioner at the time. Folds, else very fine condition. The city of Nuremberg would be surrendered to the Allies only four days later, on April 18, 1945. From a large grouping of 'liberated' Nuremberg relics consigned to us from the estate of Captain Augustus B. Hill, the Chief of Real Estate and Land Resources of the Bavarian sector of the American military government. Nuremberg was the second-largest city within his jurisdiction. Sold with a scanned copy of a letter of provenance from our consigner, who describes how Hill's property ended up in his collection.

Lot: 774 - PROTECTORATE OF BOHEMIA AND MORAVIA BROADSIDES

PROTECTORATE OF BOHEMIA AND MORAVIA BROADSIDES Good pair of posters from the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia in occupied Czechoslovakia, including a 32 x 23.5 in. poster regarding taxation and a 16.25 x 11.5 in. poster celebrating the five-year anniversary of the protectorate, issued March 15, 1944. Folds, else very good. Sold with a souvenir book from the American army in Occupied Czechoslovakia, issued May 1945, showing American troops, Czech civilians, and captions in both English and Czech.

Lot: 775 - PUPPET CZECH PRIME MINISTER CALLS FOR LOYALTY TO HITLER

PUPPET CZECH PRIME MINISTER CALLS FOR LOYALTY TO HITLER Great content broadside in German and Czech, 40.25 x 26.25 in., Prague, January 19, 1942, a proclamation by newly-instituted 'Prime Minister' of Czechoslovakia JAROSLAV KREJCI after the Nazis reestablished a puppet government in the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia. In small part: 'With the consent of the Deputy Reich Protector, the President - combined with a reorganization of the ministries - has formed a new government... This decisive step is based on the realization that the entire population of Bohemia and Moravia correctly...understand the act of March 15, 1939 [Hitler's invasion of Czechoslovakia]...By providence, Bohemia and Moravia and its people are placed in the center of the great German people and empire and are forever closely and inseparably connected with them...For the good of the Czech people, we take this step with an open heart and clean mind in our commitment to the Fuhrer and Reich...Heil to the Reich and the Fuhrer Adolf Hitler!...' The previous Prime Minister of the puppet government, Alois Elias, was murdered by the Nazis in June 1942 due to his connections with the government-in-exile. Folds, else very good.

Lot: 776 - REINHARD HEYDRICH ‘TIME MAGAZINE’

REINHARD HEYDRICH ‘TIME MAGAZINE' Full copy of the February 23, 1942, edition of TIME magazine. The cover features Boris Artzybasheff's profile portrait of REINHARD HEYDRICH (1904-1942), with Heydrich's image superimposed upon a background of nooses. The portrait is captioned: 'HEYDRICH: GESTAPO EXECUTIONER Can terror, hunger, propaganda rule 150,000,000 captives?' An illustrated article on pp. 32-38 describes some of the atrocities undertaken by Nazi occupation governments and appropriately lays a good deal of the blame at Heydrich's feet. Very fine condition.

Lot: 777 - REINHARD HEYDRICH MEMORIAL STAMP SHEET

A quite rare find, a special-issue miniature sheet with a Reinhard Heydrich memorial postage stamp, distributed in limited quantities after his death. The 3.75 x 4.5 in. card bears black printed borders, and is headed with printed 'sig' runes, as well as Heydrich's name, birth date, and death date. The card also bears the numeral '543' at lower-right. Fine condition.

Lot: 778 - SALESMAN'S COPY OF 'MEIN KAMPF'

An incredible rarity, a salesman's copy of 'Mein Kampf' (Munich: Franz Eher Nachfolger), 1934, showing the front cover, spine, dust jacket, title page and frontis portrait, page of publication, and a select few index pages of Hitler's political treatise. Near fine condition. Given to bookstores to showcase the book to potential buyers, this piece is most desirable and never seen before by us.

Lot: 779 - SCHOOL COPY OF HITLER'S MEIN KAMPF

SCHOOL COPY OF HITLER'S MEIN KAMPF Hardbound copy of Hitler's political treatise 'Mein Kampf' (Munich: Franz Eher Verlag), 1933. 782pp. 8vo., embossed gold emblem on the cover with title on the spine. Interestingly the inside cover bear bears a stamp that shows the copy came from a children's school, ('Volkschule'), in Bacharach. Slight toning with a few stains inside, some pages detached.

Lot: 780 - SS AND POLICE BOOK: 'WHAT DO I DO IN AN EMERGENCY?'

SS AND POLICE BOOK: 'WHAT DO I DO IN AN EMERGENCY?' Scarce publication: 'Was tu ich im ernstfall?' ('What Do I Do in An Emergency?', issued by 'Reichsfuhrer-SS and Chiefs of the German Police', 64pp. 8vo. in paper wraps, (Leipzig: Verlag Sermann Sillger), 1940. This publication was issued to members of the public and advised action to be taken in reaction to a number of situations, including encountering enemy paratroopers, how to deal with POWs, espionage, sabotage and treason, how to writes to POWs, gas attacks, accident and damage prevention, etc. Near fine.

Lot: 781 - WANTED POSTER FOR ONE OF HEYDRICH'S ASSASSINS

WANTED POSTER FOR ONE OF HEYDRICH'S ASSASSINS Very rare Third Reich 'wanted' poster in German and Czech, 18.5 x 12.5 in., Prague, May 28, 1942, offering a 100,000 kronen bounty for any information on JOSEF VALCIK (1914-1942), one of the conspirators in the assassination of Reinhard Heydrich. The poster bears his portrait, a description of his particulars, and a signature in type by SS-Standartenfuhrer HANS ULRICH GESCHKE as the Head of the Gestapo in Prague. Valcik was placed on look-out duty during the assassination, stationed 100 meters north of the principal pair of assassins when Heydrich was ,mortally wounded. In a later six-hour firefight with 750 SS soldiers, Valcik and four co-conspirators committed suicide in the crypt of a Prague church. German officials, filled with rage, sent fourteen members of his family to Mauthausen concentration camp, where they all perished. The poster itself refers to a 'Miroslav' Valcik; this is an error by German officials, as it clearly refers to Josef Valcik. Folds, some stains, else very good.

Lot: 782 - THIRD REICH WARNS POTENTIAL SABOTEURS IN OCCUPIED CZECHOSLOVAKIA

THIRD REICH WARNS POTENTIAL SABOTEURS IN OCCUPIED CZECHOSLOVAKIA Warning broadside in German and Czech, 22.75 x 16.75 in., cautioning citizens against entering railways and post offices without authorization and warning against damaging any transportation equipment. In large part: '...The current serious times require heightened protection of public buildings and transport facilities (railways and post offices)...Security agencies are currently paying increased attention... The public is therefore urged to not enter the... without authorization and requested to refrain from doing anything that could damage these objects and facilities. Any damage is regarded as an act of sabotage and severely punished. Anyone...in the buildings or systems in question and who, when they see the guard. runs away without complying with their request to stand still, becomes suspicious and runs the risk of the guard being moved to use his weapon... Folds, two tiny tears, else fine.

Lot: 783 - U.S.S. PENSACOLA 'ALLIGATOR SCUTTLEBUTT' PERIODICALS

Informative lot of fifteen issues of an unidentified war periodical titled 'Alligator Scuttlebutt', collected by U.S. Marine Sgt. Charles Edward Wright, who saw service in the Marshall Islands, Iwo Jima, Okinawa, and Saipan aboard the U.S.S. Pensacola, then during the Korean War, he participated in the seizure of Inchon and the Wonsan-Hungnam-Chosin campaign. The periodicals, presumably printed aboard the U.S.S. Pensacola for her sailors, all date from 1944-45, and many bear detailed content about the war's major battles. Some notable passages include: '...troops of the 1st Marine division on Peleliu Island sealed off several more caves...the few remaining Japanese were kept under continual pressure...bombed and strafed two small coastal vessel and five barges off the coast of Iwo Jima....American troops within the northeastern edge of Aachen 'had made some progress in house to house fighting'...More than twenty-six Japanese warships were sunk or heavily damaged in the three-pronged naval battle of the Philippines..the most crushing defeat ever administered the modern Japanese Navy...Iwo was in the spotlight of the Pacific War, but the far flung battlefront thundered from end to end...' Much more content. Some partial issues are also included. The lot is also sold with a thick brown scrapbook compiled by Wright, bearing eight pages of affixed news clippings of the Pensacola's service and general wartime updates, followed by roughly 20-30 blank pages. Heavily worn, notable chipping, covers dislocated. The lot also includes numerous military records of Wright's, which indicate he received the Good Conduct Medal, American Defense Service Medal, China Service Medal, and others during World War II, then received the Purple Heart for wounds suffered in Korea in 1950, for which he was presumably discharged.

Lot: 784 - WORLD WAR II GERMAN MAGAZINE 'SIGNAL' (4)

WORLD WAR II GERMAN MAGAZINE 'SIGNAL' (4) Four issues of the World War II German Magazine 'Signal' published by the Wehrmacht from 1940-1945, varying pages 14 x 10.5 in. Signal was an illustrated photo journal and army propaganda tool, meant specifically for audiences in neutral, allied, and occupied countries. Conditions vary, worn throughout. Four items.

Lot: 785 - UPPER FRANCONIA BROADSIDE LISTS EARLY REICHSTAG CANDIDATES

Large broadside listing the eleven political parties running for the Reichstag in the district of Upper Franconia, 9.5 x 24 in., notably listing the NSDAP behind six other political parties, including the Social Democratic Party, the Communist Party, the German Worker's Party, and others. Three strong horizontal folds, some chipping at left edge, else fine.

Lot: 786 - WEHRPASS OF A KIA SOLDIER

WEHRPASS OF A KIA SOLDIER The 'wehrpass' of a German soldier named Otto Werner who was conscripted into the Wehrmacht on September 9, 1940. The first few pages bear his identification photo and biographical information. He originally served in an 'Ersatzreserve' force which were reserve regiments use to fill the ranks of active units. His service history shows that on February 18, 1945 he was stationed at the German city of Iserlohn with the 6th battalion of an unknown division, and four days later on the 22nd he was killed. The award's section towards the end show that he was posthumously awarded a second class Iron Cross on April 10, 1945. Moderately won with scattered stains and toning. Accompanied by its original cardboard sleeve.

Lot: 787 - WEHRPASS OF A GERMAN AUXILIARY SOLDIER

Interesting partly-printed D.S., 56pp. 12mo., Rottweil, November 2, 1943, a 'wehrpass' issued to 54-year-old Gustav Steinbrunner upon his conscription into the Wehrmacht. The book bears his identification photo above his signature on page two, with his biographical information on the facing page indicating that he was a polisher of jewelry. His service record indicates that he was a recipient of the Hindenburg Cross, and therefore served in World War I. Most interestingly, his assignment shows he was placed in the 'Landsturm' or reserve forces typically consisting of older men. Very good

Lot: 788 - WEIMAR-ERA REICHSTAG BALLOTS (5)

Lot of five identical printed Reichstag ballots from the constituency of Hessen-Darmstadt, 8.25 x 5.75 in., mentioning twelve early parties of the Weimar Republic, including the Deutsche Volkspartei, the Kommunisten, the Deutschnationale Volkspartei, the Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands, and others. The NSDAP and its direct predecessor, the DAP, are not listed. One chipped to a lower corner, else fine.

Lot: 789 - WORLD WAR II 9TH INFANTRY POSTER

WORLD WAR II 9TH INFANTRY POSTER A fine poster, 14.5 x 21 in. (sight), honoring the actions of the men of the 9th U.S. Infantry after the D-Day invasion. At the top is the caption 'Onward! Forward--the 9th!' with a picture of a solider wearing the 9th infantry patch crouched on the battlefield, followed by a caption explaining the infantry's role in capturing the port of Cherbourg, Scattered stains. Framed.

Lot: 790 - U.S. MILITARY TRAINING AID POSTERS (5)

U.S. MILITARY TRAINING AID POSTERS (5) A good lot of five training aid posters used by the American military during World War II, varying sizes, printed by the U.S. Government Printing Office, 1943. Two help teach the difference between Allied and Axis planes, while the other three use cartoon illustrations to teach important naval procedures. Conditions vary but mostly good.

Lot: 791 - U.S. NAVY SHIPS AT PEARL HARBOR

An exceptional and rare collection of fifty postal covers canceled aboard vessels present at Pearl Harbor during the Japanese attack on December 7, 1941. Many of the covers also bear images of the vessel or patriotic vignettes, all are pre-war. Among the vessels represented are the USS ARIZONA (strike a bit light), USS ANTARES, USS CALIFORNIA, USS CASSIN, USS HONOLULU, USS MARYLAND, USS MEDUSA, USS MONAGHAN, USS OKLAHOMA, USS NEW ORLEANS, USS PENNSYLVANIA, USS RALEIGH, USS SOLACE, USS SHAW, USS TENNESSEE, USS UTAH, USS VESTAL, USS WARD, USS WEST VIRGINIA and others. Overall fine condition.

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