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150 Fascinating Autographs by Emperors,

Wed Oct 27 - 01:00PM

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Lion Heart Autographs

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  • Very Fine John Adams Free Frank to the

    Very Fine John Adams Free Frank to the

  • FM Allenby ALS to Former U.S. Consul

    FM Allenby ALS to Former U.S. Consul

  • Rare Letter by Juan Almonte, Veteran of

    Rare Letter by Juan Almonte, Veteran of

  • J.J. Astor Finance-Related Signed Letter

    J.J. Astor Finance-Related Signed Letter

Lot: 1 - Very Fine John Adams Free Frank to the Author of the “Biography of the Signers to the Declaration of Independence”

ADAMS, JOHN. (1735-1826). Second president of the United States known for his role in drafting the Declaration of Independence and negotiating peace with Britain during the American Revolution. Free Frank. (“J Adams”). 1p. Oblong 4to. Quincy, October 6, N.y. Adams’ signature on the address leaf of a letter (no longer present) to John Sanderson, Esq. of Philadelphia, likely the editor of the nine-volume Biography of the Signers to the Declaration of Independence, published between 1820 and 1827. A lawyer from Massachusetts, Adams devoted his life to public service, which included representing Massachusetts as a delegate to the First and Second Continental Congresses, where he was elected to the committee to draft the Declaration of Independence. In 1777, Adams was named, along with Benjamin Franklin, to serve as joint commissioner to France and later spent ten years as commissioner to Great Britain, helping restore peaceful relations and commercial ties with the United States. Adams received the second highest number of votes in the first presidential election thus becoming the first vice president of the U.S. In 1796, he ran as a Federalist in the first presidential election under the First Party System, serving one term during which he was a favorite target of criticism from his rival Alexander Hamilton and Vice President Thomas Jefferson. Formerly the integral address leaf to a letter no longer present, the sheet has normal folds and some creasing as well as a repair to the tear resulting from the wax seal. Several notes in the margins identifying the sender. In fine condition.

Lot: 2 - FM Allenby ALS to Former U.S. Consul General to Egypt

ALLENBY, EDMUND H. (1861-1936). English field marshal. ALS. (“Allenby”). 1p. 8vo. Cairo, April 2, (1924). On stationery of The Residency Cairo. To his friend, American diplomat HAMPSON GARY (1873-1952). “My best thanks for your very kind telegram of congratulations on my birthday. My wife & I send our best wishes & remembrances. Ever yours…” After

Lot: 3 - Rare Letter by Juan Almonte, Veteran of the Alamo

ALMONTE, JUAN. (1803-1869). Mexican revolutionary, soldier and statesman who fought at the Battle of the Alamo and served as regent of the Second Mexican Empire. LS. (“J.N. Almonte”). 2pp. 4to. Washington, January 22, 1843. On letterhead of the Mexican Legation to the United States of America. To Mexican military engineer FRANCISCO MARTINEZ DE CHAVERO (?-?). In Spanish with

Lot: 4 - J.J. Astor Finance-Related Signed Letter in the Hand of Poet Fitz-Greene Halleck

ASTOR, JOHN JACOB. (1763-1848). American businessman and multimillionaire. LS. (“John Jacob Astor”). 1p. 4to. New York, April 16, 1834. To THOMAS W. OLCOTT (1795-1880), president of the Mechanics and Farmers’ Bank of Albany. In the hand of Astor’s personal secretary, popular 19th-century poet FITZ-GREENE HALLECK (1790-1867). “I have your favor of the 15th and

Lot: 5 - Rare Letter by Pioneer of Color Television John Baird

BAIRD, JOHN. (1888-1946). Scottish inventor; produced first televised picture of a moving object in 1926 and developed color television in 1928. TLS. (“J. L. Baird”). ½p. 4to. London, January 27, 1936. On Baird’s personal stationery to James W.A. Inglet. “In reply to your letter of the 25th inst. I am glad that March 2nd will suit you and will have great pleasure in being present at the Dinner…” Baird was an inventor with many interests who, early in his career, dabbled in such diverse areas as synthetic diamonds, a glass razor, pneumatic shoes, thermal “undersocks,” fiber optics, radar, and video recording. His major scientific contribution was his pioneering television transmission in 1925. His demonstration was repeated for the Royal Society the following year and, in 1927, he transmitted the first long-distance television images between London and Glasgow. In 1928, he again made television history by transmitting television’s first color images. Baird International Television, Ltd. was formed in 1928 to explore the commercial applications of his innovations, and, beginning in 1929, the BBC transmitted its programs using one of Baird’s systems. His commercial success was hindered by the loss by fire of his Crystal Palace laboratory in 1936, and, in 1937, the BBC switched its transmissions to the competing Marconi system. Nonetheless, Baird continued to make important innovations in television broadcasting up until his death nearly a decade later. Folded with scattered staining and two file holes in the left margin. In very good condition with one letter fold passing through Baird’s darkly penned signature. Rare.

Lot: 6 - Anti-Semitic Commander of British Forces in Palestine & Trans-Jordan Condemns Menachem Begin

BARKER, GENERAL EVELYN. (1894-1983). British Army officer and commander of the British Forces in Palestine and Trans-Jordan during the British Mandate. ALS. (“E.H. Barker”). 6pp. 8vo. Bromham, March 7, 1979. To Abraham Stavsky. “Why you should have written to me heaven knows when there is so much in the daily press regarding the Arab-Israel dispute. Since 1948 the problem

Lot: 7 - 1823 Letter by Miguel Barragan, Early Mexican President

BARRAGAN, MIGUEL. (1789-1836). Mexican general and Centralist president from 1835 until three days before his death in 1836. LS. (“Mig.l Barragan”). 1p. Tall 4to. Mexico, May 8, 1823. In Spanish with translation. “I certify: that citizen José Martinez de Chavero since the beginning of December 1821, when he was appointed Lieutenant Colonel Major of the cavalry regiment No. 10 of my command, up to the present time, has conducted himself with the most outstanding behaviour and efficiency in the performance of his duties, endeavouring by all possible means to ensure the best discipline of the corps. I also certify that the province of Queretaro, also of my charge, satisfactorily decided in February last by the system of liberty, I commissioned him with folders of the greatest interest to the provinces of Valladolid and San Luis Potosi the decision by the same system was ignored; tasks which he carried out to my satisfaction trying to … propagate HIS truly liberal thoughts in them. And for the record where appropriate, I convey the present…” From 1810-1821, Mexican revolutionaries fought for independence from Spain, and during this time Barragan rose to the rank of brigadier general. After Mexico’s independence, officially declared in September 1821, General Agustín de Iturbide was made President of the Provisional Governing Junta but shortly thereafter declared Mexico a constitutional monarchy, with himself its emperor. Barragan became involved in a coup against Iturbide and, after the plot was betrayed, was imprisoned until Iturbide’s overthrow by General Antonio López de Santa Anna, in March 1823. Our letter, written shortly after his release, regards the military exploits of Don José Martínez Chavero and mentions military action in the royalist stronghold of Querétaro. Barragan was temporarily exiled after participating in an uprising against President Guadalupe Victoria but served as Santa Anna’s minister of war from 1833-1834 before succeeding Santa Anna as president. His tenure lasted slightly more than one year, with his resignation due to ill health coming three days before his death. Folded and fine.

Lot: 8 - Bartok Signed Program from the Premiere of Selections from "Mikrokosmos"

BARTOK, BELA. (1881-1945). Hungarian composer, pianist and ethnomusicologist; creator of Music for Strings, Percussion and Celesta, Concerto for Orchestra, and other 20th-century masterpieces. Signed program. (“Bartok Bela”). 7pp. Large 8vo. Budapest, May 7, 1937. In Hungarian. The mid-18th century reorganization of the Hapsburg Empire into separate Austrian and Hungarian states fomented a Hungarian nationalism that deeply influenced Bartók and his music. Beginning in the early 1900s, he began to employ Hungarian folk music in his compositions, and the 1904 Budapest performance of his symphonic poem Kossuth, which memorialized the father of Hungarian democracy, Lajos Kossuth, brought him much acclaim. It was not unusual for composers to model their work on popular folk tunes, but Bartók strove towards something more authentically Hungarian. Despite his great attachment to his native culture, Bartók, as early as 1931, was protesting the Hungarian government’s descent into fascism. He forwarded his archive for safekeeping to London in 1939 and immigrated to the United States in 1940. Our program from a “Singing Youth Movement” concert includes the premiere of 11 easy piano pieces from Volume V of Mikrokosmos, including Alternating Thirds [#129], Staccato [#124] and Chords Together and in Opposition [#122] and five more difficult piano pieces including Free Variations [#149], From the Diary of a Fly [#142] and Minor Seconds, Major Sevenths [# 144]. Bartok’s Mikrokosmos consists of 153 separate piano pieces composed between 1926 and 1939, published in six volumes. Arranged according to technical and musical difficulty, the pieces range from beginner to professional. Bartok initially developed the first two volumes as a teaching tool for his son, Peter. Building upon the skills learned from the previous pieces, the final two volumes were intended for professional pianists. Signed on the front cover which is separated from the rest of the program. Folded with reinforced file holes in the left margin. Some age toning and wear. In satisfactory condition.

Lot: 9 - Simone de Beauvoir Manuscript from "Les Mandarins"

BEAUVOIR, SIMONE DE. (1908-1986). French existential and feminist philosopher and writer. AMs unsigned. 4to. N.p., (1954). To her close friend and literary agent ELLEN POPLAR (POPLOWITZ) WRIGHT, wife of African-American novelist Richard Wright. In French. Autograph manuscript fragments on twelve sheets (rectos and, in some cases, versos) of Simone de Beauvoir’s novel Les Mandarins, plus a

Lot: 11 - Begin Signs Camp David “Documents Pertaining to the Conclusion of Peace”

BEGIN, MENACHEM. (1913-1992). Nobel Prize-winning Israeli prime minister. Book Signed. (“M. Begin”). [32pp.]. 4to. (Washington, D.C., April 1979). A pamphlet published by the Israeli Embassy in Washington entitled Documents Pertaining to the Conclusion of Peace, signed by Begin in the lower right corner of the front cover. The pamphlet include sections about the Camp David Accords, the peace treaty with Egypt and the addresses delivered at the peace signing ceremony on the White House lawn on March 26, 1979. A militant Russian Zionist, Begin survived torture in Vilnius’ Lukiškės Prison and enforced labor in a Russian gulag, eventually settling in the British Mandate of Palestine, where he became a prominent leader in the Jewish uprising to force a British withdrawal from the region. After Israel’s founding, Begin founded the political Herut and, later, became an outspoken and indefatigable member of the Likud opposition party in the Knesset, becoming prime minister in 1977. Begin is best remembered for his role in negotiating the Camp David Accords with Egyptian President Anwar Sadat. From September 17-29, 1978, the two leaders held intense negotiations moderated by American president Jimmy Carter at Maryland’s presidential retreat, Camp David. The result was the creation of two documents: A Framework for Peace in the Middle East and A Framework for the Conclusion of a Peace Treaty between Egypt and Israel. In recognition of their efforts to achieve peace in the Middle East, Begin and Sadat shared the 1978 Nobel Peace Prize. Begin remained prime minister until 1983 when he was succeeded by Yitzhak Rabin. Sadat and ten others were assassinated by members of the Egyptian Islamic Jihad in October 1981. In excellent condition.

Lot: 12 - Signed Photograph of Begin at White House State Dinner

BEGIN, MENACHEM. (1913-1992). Nobel Prize-winning Israeli prime minister. SP. (In Hebrew “M. Begin”). 1p. Oblong 4to. (Washington, D.C.), N.d. [possibly spring 1978]. A black-and-white photograph of Begin addressing a large group of guests in the White House State Dining Room with President Jimmy Carter seated next to him. Seated at the table nearby are Massachusetts Congressman and House Speaker Tip O’Neill, Senator Ed Muskie, Secretary of State Cyrus Vance, and Saudi Arabian Envoy Prince Bandar bin Sultan Al Saud. A militant Russian Zionist, Begin survived torture in Vilnius’ Lukiškės Prison and enforced labor in a Russian gulag, eventually settling in the British Mandate of Palestine, where he became a prominent leader in the Jewish uprising to force the British to withdraw from the region. After Israel’s founding, Begin became an outspoken and indefatigable member of the Likud opposition party in the Knesset until his election as prime minister in June 1977. Between 1977 and 1982, Begin visited the United States 13 times, visits classified by the State Department as, variously, official visits, working visits, informal meetings, and private meetings with President Jimmy Carter. Carter was keenly interested in reinvigorating the peace talks between Israel and Egypt, the central topic of discussion during Begin’s first official visit to the White House, several months after his election, on July 19, 1977. Begin returned to the White House for discussions with Carter March 21-23, 1978 and April 30-May 7, 1978. Carter’s talks with Begin famously culminated with the Camp David Accords. From September 17-29, 1978, Begin and Egyptian President Anwar Sadat held intense negotiations moderated by Carter at Camp David, the Maryland presidential retreat. Begin returned to the U.S. for official visits on March 1-4, 1979, and March 23-29, 1979, the latter meeting finalizing the two documents, A Framework for Peace in the Middle East and A Framework for the Conclusion of a Peace Treaty between Egypt and Israel. For the Camp David Accords, Begin and Sadat shared the 1978 Nobel Peace Prize, announced in October 1978. Begin remained prime minister until 1983 when he was succeeded by Yitzhak Rabin. Signed in blue ink in the lower right corner of the image. Mounted to a larger green sheet and in excellent condition, a most uncommon image.

Lot: 13 - Ben-Gurion on his Vision of Israel to PM Moshe Sharett

BEN-GURION, DAVID. (1886-1973). Polish-born, Israeli statesman and Israel’s first prime minister after proclaiming its independence in 1948. TLS. (“D. Ben-Gurion”). 1p. 4to. Hakirya, August 23, 1955. On stationery headed with the seal of the State of Israel. To Prime Minister MOSHE SHARET (1894-1965). In Hebrew with translation. “The upcoming Knesset elections will

Lot: 14 - Mint Condition Signed Photograph of Ben-Gurion, Israel’s First Prime Minister

BEN-GURION, DAVID. (1886-1973). Polish-born, Israeli statesman and his country’s first prime minister after proclaiming its independence in 1948. SP. (“D. Ben-Gurion”). 1p. 12mo. N.p, N.d. A black-and-white three-quarters profile bust portrait signed in blue ink in the lower margin. An early supporter of Zionism, Ben-Gurion moved to Palestine in 1906 to take up life as a farmer. Following his expulsion by Turkish authorities at the outbreak of World War I, he rallied the support of Britain and the U.S. and called for increased Jewish immigration to Palestine. His decades of commitment to Zionism led to a strengthening of Palestine’s Jewish community, and on May 14, 1948, Ben-Gurion proclaimed the birth of the State of Israel. As prime minister and minister of defense, he created the Israeli army, often using military force to thwart Arab violence. He retired from politics in 1963 and moved to the Negev kibbutz of Sde-Boker several years later. In mint condition.

Lot: 15 - Ben-Gurion to Dayan Doubts "chance of peace with Arabs"

BEN-GURION, DAVID. (1886-1973). Polish-born, Israeli statesman who became Israel’s first prime minister after proclaiming its independence in 1948. TLS. (“D. Ben Gurion”). As defense minister. 1p. 4to. Hakirya, August 19, 1955. On stationery headed with the seal of the State of Israel. To Israel’s Chief of Staff MOSHE DAYAN (1915-1981). In Hebrew with translation.

Lot: 16 - J.P. Benjamin “Brains of the Confederacy” Exiled in London

BENJAMIN, JUDAH P. (1811-1884). American Jewish Senator and the Confederacy’s first attorney general, second secretary of war and third secretary of state; known as the “brains of the Confederacy.” ALS. (“J.P. Benjamin”). 1p. 8vo. London, March 31. To Mrs. Sellar. “I shall be very happy to dine with you on Sunday evening – only I am not very well, and if I should fail, please be assured that the only cause will be that I am not well enough. I am, dear Mrs. Sellar, Very faithfully yr friend & servt…” Although born in the Danish West Indies, Benjamin grew up in the Carolinas and, as an adult, settled in New Orleans. While there he practiced law, purchased a sugar plantation and eventually entered state politics. In 1853, Benjamin was elected a U.S. Senator, the first openly Jewish member of that body; he later refused offers by both Presidents Fillmore and Pierce to serve on the Supreme Court. While in the Senate, Benjamin established a close relationship with fellow Senator Jefferson Davis, which led Benjamin to support pro-South policies and accept prominent positions in the Confederacy; interestingly, he was the only cabinet member not to own slaves, having sold them and his plantation in 1850. Following the war, Benjamin fled to England where he again established a very successful law practice, becoming Queen’s Counsel. Our letter was written during this post-war exile. He is buried in Paris’s famous Pere Lachaise cemetery. Folded with normal wear. In very good condition and scarce from this last period on Benjamin’s life.

Lot: 17 - Irving Berlin Mint Condition Signed Photograph

BERLIN, IRVING. (1888-1989). Russian-born, American songwriter. SP. (“Irving Berlin”). 1p. 4to. N.p., n.d. A charming black-and-white portrait of a smiling Berlin attired in tweed jacket and tie and boldly signed in the upper portion of the image. “Perhaps the most versatile and successful American popular songwriter of the 20th century,” Berlin published more than 1,500 songs, the most famous of which are the enduring classics Alexander’s Ragtime Band, God Bless America and White Christmas, (The New Grove Dictionary). His works were often performed on the radio and NBC Radio made recordings of several Berlin hits including Cavalcade of Irving Berlin Hits, 1910-1915 in 1934 and Alexander’s Ragtime Band in 1939. In mint condition and, as such, uncommon.

Lot: 18 - Bizet Autograph Letter on His Ill-Fated Opera “Clarisse Harlowe”

BIZET, GEORGES. (1838-1875). French composer whose masterpiece, Carmen, is arguably one of the most popular operas ever written. ALS. (“Georges Bizet”). 3pp. 8vo. N.p., [1872?]. [To librettist PHILIPPE GILLE (1830–1901)]. In French with translation. “Have you read this morning’s Le Gaulois? This newspaper is announcing that the Opera management is

Lot: 19 - Eubie Blake Complete Autograph Manuscript of Classic “I’m Just Wild about Harry”

BLAKE, EUBIE. (1883-1983). American ragtime pianist and composer of “I’m Just Wild about Harry,” “Love Will Find a Way,” “Charleston Rag,” “Memories of You,” and other hits. AMusMsS. (“Eubie Blake”). 8pp. Small folio (roughly 9½” x 12½”). N.p.; after 1959. An autograph piano vocal score, in pencil,

Lot: 20 - Rare ALS from Napoleon's American Sister-in-Law

BONAPARTE, ELISABETH “BETSY” PATTERSON. (1785-1879). American socialite and first wife of Jérôme Bonaparte, Napoléon’s youngest brother. ALS. (“E. Patterson”). 1p. Oblong 12mo. (3½” x 7”). N.p. [London?], “Tuesday Evening,” October 25. To Mrs. Everet. “I am just arrived at Morang’s Hotel Duke

Lot: 21 - Rare Signed Copy of Jorge Luis Borges’ "Ficciones"

BORGES, JORGE LUIS. (1899-1986). Argentinian author and poet; one of the century's leading writers of fiction. Signed book. (“J.L. Borges”). 195pp. 8vo., N.p., N.d. A fourth edition (February 1965) of the author’s Ficciones (Fictions), one of Borges' best-known works and on the Paris newspaper Le Monde’s list of the “100 Books of the [20th] Century.” Remembered more for his short stories than his verse, Borges produced numerous collections of both in a career that spanned more than six decades. Experimental or traditional, these works celebrate his country and heritage, or explore the larger philosophical and theological themes that to Borges were no less fantastic than fiction itself. Borges served as director of the National Library in Buenos Aires, taught and lectured internationally and, in 1961, was the recipient, with Samuel Beckett, of the prestigious Formentor Prize. Curiously, Borges is one of the world’s great writers not to have been awarded the Nobel Prize in literature. Boldly signed in blue ink on the free-front endpaper. Bound in green wrappers with overall age wear; uncut. Rare.

Lot: 22 - Supreme Court Justice Brandeis Sends Financial Support to his Austrian Cousins

BRANDEIS, LOUIS D. (1856-1941). Supreme Court Justice. ALS. (“Louis D. Brandeis”). ½p. Small 8vo. Chatham, June 29, 1939. On his Washington stationery, which he has struck through and amended to read “Chatham, Mass.” To his second cousins Betty Brandeis (1892-1973) and Louise Brandeis (1903-?) immigrants from Austria. “By reason of illness, your letter of the 9th did not reach my attention until today. I am enclosing, with my best wishes, check for Eighty (80) dollars…” Noteworthy as the first Jewish judge to sit on the U.S. Supreme Court, Brandeis became known as the “People’s Lawyer.” During his lengthy career he ruled against monopolies, for workers’ rights and for affordable life insurance. Outside the courtroom, and initially inspired by his uncle, Brandeis became an ardent Zionist around 1910. He joined the Supreme Court in 1916 as an associate justice and assumed senior status in February 1939. “Brandeis’s desire to help Eastern European Jewry find a safe haven in Palestine [the future Israel] was heightened by his contact in 1910 with Russian immigrant garment workers, whom he met while mediating a strike. He saw in these Jews a democratic spirit and idealism he had not expected. In 1913, Brandeis agreed to chair a Zionist meeting in Boston. Not content to be a mere figurehead, by 1915 Brandeis became Zionism’s leading public spokesman in America… By 1917, the American Zionist movement increased its membership tenfold to 200,000 members. The American Provisional Executive Committee for General Zionist Affairs, which Brandeis chaired, raised millions to relieve Jews who were suffering throughout war-torn Europe,” (“Louis D. Brandeis and American Zionism,” The Jewish Federation of North America, Feldberg). Our letter concerns Brandeis’ ongoing assistance to his Austrian cousins. After the Anschluss, the March 12, 1938, annexation of Austria into Nazi Germany, “Brandeis swore out an affidavit in May 1938 that he had ample resources and would be willing to sponsor them in the United States so they would not become public charges. The two women arrived in New York in July, where officials of the Hebrew Immigrant Aid Society met them and secured temporary lodgings for them. Brandeis also made contributions to a group organized by his former law clerk David Riesman to rescue academics and find them positions in American Universities,” (Louis D. Brandeis: A Life, Urofsky). Darkly written and signed. Folded once horizontally. With some light creasing and wear. In very good condition. With the original envelope.

Lot: 23 - ALS by Norwegian Violinist Ole Bull from Selma, Alabama, to the President of NY Philharmonic Society

BULL, OLE. (1810-1880). Norwegian violin virtuoso. ALS. (“Ole Bull”). 3pp. 8vo. Selma, December 17, 1872. To American medical doctor, toxicologist, chemist, and longtime president of the New York Philharmonic Society ROBERT OGDEN DOREMUS (1824-1906). “By advice from Mrs. Bull our mutual friend (and my attorney in the case of a mortgage foreclosure) Mr. E.W. Staughton

Lot: 24 - Inventor of the Bunsen Burner writes, “I am convinced that when a chemist and a geologist disagree, it is almost always the chemist who is wrong”

BUNSEN, ROBERT W. (1811-1899). German chemist and inventor of the Bunsen Burner. ALS. (“RWBunsen”). 3pp. 8vo. Heidelberg, November 23, 1853. To German geologist BERNHARD VON COTTA (1808-1879). In German with translation. “My deep gratitude, esteemed friend, for your kind letters and the two superb works which I received only just yesterday, and I thank you no less in

Lot: 25 - VP-Elect George H.W. Bush on the Reagan Revolution “make our moral plurality into an emasculated, debt-ridden minority”

BUSH, GEORGE H.W. (1924-2018). Forty-first president of the United States and father of George W. Bush, the forty-third U.S. president. ALS. (“GB”). 2pp. Oblong 12mo. Washington, D.C., December 7, (1980). On his Washington stationery. To Senator DANIEL PATRICK “PAT” MOYNIHAN (1927-2003). “Of course I recall you. You were the guy at the Ming Tombs, with your

Lot: 26 - Barbara Bush Inscribed Photograph as First Lady

BUSH, BARBARA. (1925-2018). First lady of the United States and mother of George W. Bush, the forty-third president. SP. (“Barbara Bush”). 1p. Oblong 4to. Washington, May 30, 1989. A color photograph of Bush with Jackie Kingon, an author whose husband, Alfred H. Kingon, was Reagan’s cabinet secretary from 1985-1987 and ambassador the EU from 1987-1989. Inscribed “To: Jackie Kingon – all good wishes…” The daughter of a New York publisher, Barbara Pierce married George H.W. Bush in 1945, then a Navy pilot and son of a Connecticut Senator. The couple eventually moved to Texas where Bush made his fortune in oil becoming a millionaire by age 40. Bush went on to be a successful politician, representing Texas in the House of Representatives, serving as Ambassador to the United Nations under President Nixon and, under President Ford, serving as a diplomat in China. After a stint as director of CIA, he was Ronald Reagan’s vice president for eight years with Barbara serving as second lady. Following Bush’s 1988 election to the presidency, Barbara worked to advance literacy in the United States. Alfred Kingon was a Wall Street investment adviser and publisher of Financial World and Saturday Review who served as Assistant Secretary of Commerce from 1983-1984 and Reagan’s cabinet secretary from 1985-1987, playing “a central role in domestic, agricultural, economic and trade policy,” and the U.S. ambassador to the European Union from 1987-1989, (“Working Profile: Alfred H. Kingon; Being a Fly on White House Wall and Loving It,” The New York Times, Weinraub). Inscribed in the lower margin of the photo. With a date stamp on the verso. In fine condition, though the inscription in green ink is a bit light.

Lot: 27 - George Bush After his 1992 Defeat: “I firmly believe that we must continue to promote traditional American values – faith in God, personal responsibility, honesty, and respect for others”

BUSH, GEORGE H.W. (1924-2018). Forty-first president of the United States and father of George W. Bush, the forty-third U.S. president. TLS. (“George Bush”). 1p. Small 4to. Washington, November 24, 1992. On White House stationery, blind embossed with the Great Seal of the United States. To ALFRED H. KINGON (b. 1931), Reagan’s cabinet secretary from 1985-1987 and ambassador to

Lot: 28 - Pres. Bush on Developments in Europe: "I am confident that the winds of freedom blowing through the Eastern Bloc will bring lasting liberty and peace to those who have so valiantly struggled for them”

BUSH, GEORGE H.W. (1924-2018). Forty-first president of the United States and father of George W. Bush, the forty-third U.S. president. TLS. (“George”). 1p. Small 4to. Washington, February 9, 1990. On White House stationery, blind embossed with the Great Seal of the United States. To ALFRED H. KINGON (b. 1931), Reagan’s cabinet secretary from 1985-1987 and ambassador to the EU

Lot: 29 - Condolence Letter Signed by Pres G.W. Bush & First Lady Laura Bush

BUSH, GEORGE W. (b.1946). Forty-sixth president of the United States & First Lady LAURA BUSH (b.1946). TLS. (“George Bush” and “Laura Bush”). 1p. Small 4to. Washington, December 8, 2004. On White House stationery headed with a gold embossed presidential seal. To architectural historian ELIZABETH MOYNIHAN (b. 1930), wife of Senator Daniel Patrick “Pat”

Lot: 30 - Anastasio Bustamante, 3-Time President of Mexico, Letter Signed

BUSTAMANTE, ANASTASIO. (1780-1853). Military leader and three-time president of Mexico. LS. (“Anast. Bustamante”). 2/3p. Tall 4to. Mexico, October 27, 1821. In Spanish with translation. “Don Anastasio Bustamante, Field Marshal of the National Armies of the Mexican Empire, Member of its Supreme Governing Board, Captain General of the Eastern and Western Internal Provinces, etc. I certify: that Lieutenant Colonel Don José Martínez Chavero, being Captain of the San Carlos Dragoons, and by my order of March 18, joined my division with fifty-one dragoons of his corps, and eighty-one infantrymen from Silao, of whose town he was Commander: he continued commanding the said corps from that date: He was at the siege and capture of Valladolid, and San Juan del Rio, and Querétaro, where he went on to join the Regiment of Dragoons of Toluca with the rank of Sergeant Major, in the Division of Mr. Colonel Vicente Filisola. And for the record I give you this in Mexico on the twenty-seventh day of October one thousand eight hundred and twenty-one.” A cavalry officer, Bustamante sided with Agustín de Iturbide’s royalist forces during the 1810 Mexican War of Independence. Remining loyal to Iturbide, he supported the February 1821 Plan of Iguala which unified Iturbide’s and Vincente Guerrero’s forces as Army of the Three Guarantees and created a constitutional monarchy. Bustamante was a member of the Provisional Governing Junta, Mexico’s first governing body from September 28, 1821, to February 24, 1822, and served as vice president under Mexico’s second president Vincente Guerrero. After helping overthrow Guerrero in a coup d’etat, Bustamante was elected fourth president of Mexico, serving from 1830-1832, when he was forced into exile by his political enemies. However, he returned to power from 1837-1839, after the Texas Revolution, and served again from 1839-1841. Our letter was written one month after the Army of the Three Guarantees triumphantly marched into Mexico City on September 27, 1821, and, the following day, declared independence from the Spanish Empire. Our letter concerns the military exploits of Don José Martínez Chavero and mentions military action in the royalist stronghold of Querétaro. Also mentioned is Vicente Filisola (c.1785-1850), a Spanish veteran of the Napoleonic Wars and supporter of Iturbide, who placed him in charge of the Army of the Three Guarantees in 1821. Filisola would later become Antonio López de Santa Anna’s second-in-command during the Texas Revolution and was blamed for Mexico’s retreat after Santa Anna’s capture. Folded and in fine condition.

Lot: 31 - Unique Carlota of Mexico CDV to Emperor Napoleon III, Whom She Soon Regarded as “the Principle of Evil in the World”

CHARLOTTE. (1840-1927). Daughter of Leopold I of Belgium and consort of Austrian Archduke Maximilian, later Emperor Maximilian of Mexico. SP (“Charlotte”) 1p. CDV. N.p., N.d. (likely Paris). A unique and magnificent association photograph inscribed to French Emperor NAPOLEON III (1808-1873), “A l’Empereur des Francais.” The photographer, Andre-Adolph-Eugene

Lot: 32 - IDF Commander Moshe Carmel Prior to Arab-Israeli War: “I am afraid that this pleasant situation will not last long due to the ‘wars of the generation’ and other matters that stand in the world”

CARMEL, MOSHE. (1911-2003). Israeli military commander and politician who served in the Knesset and as minister of transportation. ALS. (“Moshe”). 1p. 8vo. Naan, May 25, 1955. To Sarah and Batz. In Hebrew with translation. “I bear a guilty conscience for not writing to you for a long time, and I am afraid that I did not even answer the package of material, which Batz

Lot: 33 - President Carter Mourns the Death of Senator Moynihan: “A brilliant, compassionate, and courageous statesman…”

CARTER, JIMMY. (b. 1924). Thirty-ninth president of the United States and winner of the 2002 Nobel Peace Prize. TLS. (“Jimmy Carter”). 1p. 8vo. Atlanta, March 27, 2003. On his post-presidential stationery headed with the gold embossed presidential seal. To architectural historian ELIZABETH MOYNIHAN (b. 1930), widow of Senator Daniel Patrick “Pat” Moynihan (1927-2003).

Lot: 34 - Churchill on "Closing the Ring" the Fifth Volume of his "The Second World War"

CHURCHILL, WINSTON. (1874-1965). British statesman and author; Prime Minister from 1940-45, and 1951-55. TLS. (“Winston S. Churchill”). 1p. 4to. London, March 12, 1952. Written as Prime Minister on his 10 Downing Street stationery. To book editor and noted bibliophile DESMOND FLOWER (1907-1997). “I see it is said in the paper that the price of the reprints of my Memoirs

Lot: 35 - President Clinton Thanks Senator Moynihan for Invoking Cloture

CLINTON, BILL. (b.1946). Forty-second president of the United States. TLS. (“Bill”). 1p. Small 4to. White House, November 5, 1997. Written on White House stationery with the blind-embossed U.S. Great Seal to Senator DANIEL PATRICK “PAT” MOYNIHAN (1927-2003). “Thank you for your vote yesterday to invoke cloture permitting the Senate to proceed to consideration

Lot: 36 - The Founder of the Modern Olympic Games Inscribes His Book on American Sports

COUBERTIN, PIERRE DE. (1863-1937). French aristocrat, education reformer and founder of the modern Olympic games. A first edition of his book Universites Transatlantique. 379pp. 8vo. Paris, Librairie Hachette, 1890. Inscribed “A Mr Charles Delagrave, hommage de l’auteur, Pierre de Coubertin, 4 juillet 1890.” Charles Delagrave (1842-1934) was a French publisher and editor of primary, secondary and university works and a member of the Institut de France. Born into an old French noble family, Coubertin’s idyllic childhood was shattered by the events of the Franco-Prussian War in 1870. The young boy retreated to his room and for the next two years fantasized about a better world in which to live. The German excavation of Olympia in 1874 grabbed the attention of the world, and in the memoir of his childhood, Coubertin wrote, “Nothing in ancient history had given me more food for thought than Olympia. This dream city, consecrated to a task strictly human and material in form… [this] factory of life-forces, loomed with its colonnades and porticos unceasingly before my adolescent mind.” Rather than pursue a life in the church as his family wished, Coubertin set about to reform the French educational system. Impressed by British education reformer, Thomas Arnold, a leader in introducing sports into the British school system, the 24-year-old Coubertin allied himself with Jules Simon, the fifty-year older former French Prime Minister, to popularize sporing clubs and sports instruction in French schools, organizing a Congress on Physical Education at the 1889 Paris Universal Exhibition. At the request of the French Ministry of Public Instruction, Coubertin left on an official mission to study the educational systems of two dozen American colleges and universities where he established a close relationship with Princeton’s William Milligan Sloane, a professor of the philosophy of history and head of the university’s athletic committee. Our book includes Coubertin’s reports of his visits to New York, New England, Louisiana, Florida, Virginia, Washington and Baltimore. Two years later, in 1892, Coubertin gave his first public speech supporting the return of the Olympic games, proclaiming, “Let us export our fencers, our runners, our rowers to other lands, for therein lies the free trade of the future, and the day we do it the cause of peace will have received a strong and vital ally,” and in 1896, the first modern Olympic Games opened in Athens, Greece. Bound in black shagreen and mottled, paper-covered boards. Internally, in fragile, but good, condition. A rare autograph example from one of the giants in sports history.

Lot: 37 - Charles Curtis, Only VP of American Indian Heritage

CURTIS, CHARLES. (1860-1036). American vice president and the highest ranking Native American member of the executive branch. AQS. (“Charles Curtis”). 1/5p. Folio. Washington, D.C., February 16, 1931. “Now that so many nations have signed a pact to abrogate war, our minds are naturally occupied on the problem of World Peace. That it may come is the passionate desire of the people of the civilized world.” A member of the Kaw nation with Osage, Potawatomi and European ancestry, Curtis was born before Kansas joined the union. He practiced law in Topeka and was elected to Congress in 1893, serving six terms as a representative. In 1907, he was elected to the Senate, where he remained for several decades. During his tenure Curtis held many leadership positions including Senate Minority Whip and Senate Majority Leader and was revered for his consensus-building abilities. Despite his public disapproval of Herbert Hoover, Curtis eventually agreed to be Hoover’s running mate on the Republican ticket. The pair were elected by a landslide in 1928, and Curtis remains the only Native American to hold the office of vice president. Following the devastation of WWI, the World League for Peace was formed after taking its name from President Wilson’s 1917 Senate speech that bore the same title. Under the leadership of its president George Dejean, the organization assembled an anthology that included comments written about peace by notable persons from around the world. Between 1925 and 1932, entries were received from royalty, politicians, artists, musicians, and writers including Queen Elizabeth of Belgium, Marie Curie, Marconi, Einstein, Baden-Powell, King Faisal, Maginot, Colette, Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, Pirandello, Unamuno, Le Corbusier, Foujita, and Paul Signac. The collaboration led to the 1932 publication in Switzerland of a deluxe, limited-edition volume entitled Pax Mundi: livre d'or de la paix. Clearly penned on a folio sheet of cream-colored paper. In mint condition.

Lot: 38 - Uncommon Signature of Charles Darwin

DARWIN, CHARLES. (1809-1882). English naturalist and the first to suggest a theory of evolution by natural selection. CS. (“C. Darwin”). 1p. 32mo. N.p., N.d. Darwin’s signature beneath the words, in holograph, “Yours sincerely…” From 1831 to 1836, Darwin served as naturalist aboard the H.M.S. Beagle, a Royal Navy brig-sloop commissioned to survey the South American coast. Despite near constant seasickness, Darwin collected fossils as well as marine and zoological specimens and made copious notes that contributed to the publication of the five-volume Zoology of the Voyage of H.M.S. Beagle under the Command of Captain Fitzroy, R. N., during the Years 1832 to 1836. Darwin’s achievements brought him fame, added to by his publication of numerous works of natural history, most notably his 1859 On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, which outlined his theory of evolution. This work was followed by his most controversial theory – that mankind is descended from the anthropoid group of mammals – published in The Descent of Man in 1871. Browned with folds intersecting the signature, and a closed tear, not affecting any writing and minor repairs on the verso.

Lot: 39 - Moshe Dayan Seated Next to 1st Bedouin Member of Knesset

DAYAN, MOSHE. (1915-1981). Israeli military leader. SP. (In Hebrew “Moshe Dayan”). 1p. Oblong 8vo. [Jerusalem, September 3, 1975]. A black-and-white Israeli Press Office photograph taken by Moshe Milner showing Dayan, wearing his characteristic black eye patch, seated next to the first Bedouin Knesset Member SHEIKH HAMAD ABU RABIA (1929-1981) during a break in a Knesset debate on the

Lot: 40 - Rare Manuscript Fragment from Debussy’s Unfinished Opera "The Fall of the House of Usher"

DEBUSSY, CLAUDE. (1862-1918). French composer; creator of La Mer, Pelléas et Mélisande, Prelude to the Afternoon of a Faun and other masterpieces. AMusMs. (Unsigned). 1p. Oblong 4to. (Approximately 7 x 11 inches). N.p., N.d. A rare autograph fragment from Debussy’s unfinished opera The Fall of the House of Usher, comprised of 16 measures for voice with accompaniment noted on two

Lot: 41 - Claude Debussy Writes Maurice Ravel - Rare, Early Example

DEBUSSY, CLAUDE. (1862-1918). French composer of La Mer, Pelléas et Mélisande, Prelude to the Afternoon of a Faun and other masterpieces. ALS. (“Claude Debussy”). ½p. 8vo. [Paris], Monday [June 17, 1901]. To French composer MAURICE RAVEL (1875-1937) composer of many of the most popular works of 20th century French music including Daphnis et Chloe, Gaspard de la nuit

Lot: 42 - Rare Document Signed by John Deere, Founder of the Agricultural Equipment Manufacturer

DEERE, JOHN. (1804-1886). Vermont blacksmith who manufactured the first steel plow. DS. (“John Deere”). 1p. Tall 4to. Moline, March 19, 1872. A partially printed “Bond for Deed” for the transfer of a tract of land in Moline to E. Colberg (Charlburg) for the price of $300. Deere was a Vermont blacksmith who, upon relocating to the Midwestern town of Grand Detour, Illinois, in 1836 to escape his debts, discovered that the commonly used cast iron plows were unable to break up the clay and native prairie grass found there. Applying his knowledge and experience to the problem, Deere invented a cast-steel self-scouring plow in 1837. After selling his invention to a local farmer the following year, demand for Deere’s plow grew quickly. To keep up with the orders, Deere partnered with Leonard Andrus whose L. Andrus Plough Manufacturer produced hundreds of plows per year. The relationship turned sour, and in 1848 Deere moved west to the small town of Moline, located on the Mississippi River in Illinois, which he deemed a superior location for commercial production and distribution. With his new partners, the Deere, Tate & Gould Company manufactured 200 plows a month, an output that would dramatically change the nature of agriculture in the Midwest. As his company grew so did the population of Moline, and in 1853 Deere bought out his partners, renamed the firm Deere & Company and branched out into manufacturing other kinds of farm equipment. He remained at the helm of the company, still headquartered in Moline, until 1886. Revenue stamps affixed to the upper left corner; docketed and notarized on the verso with the blind-embossed notary’s seal. Folded, otherwise fine and uncommon.

Lot: 43 - Early & Affectionate Delacroix ALS to His College Friend

DELACROIX, EUGENE. (1798-1863). France’s greatest painter of the Romantic period; precursor of both Impressionism and Post-Impressionism. ALS. (“E. Delacroix”). 1p. 4to. N.p., October 30, 1820. An emotional letter, written at the age of 22, to his close friend and future executor, Achille Piron (1798-1865). In French with translation. With an unsigned, original carte-de-visite

Lot: 44 - Alfred Dreyfus’ Supporters Prepare an Autograph Album for His Son, Pierre

[DREYFUS, ALFRED]. Album created for and belonging to Alfred Dreyfus’s son, Pierre Dreyfus (1891-1946). 4to. (Paris, 1897, 1899, 1902, circa 1910). In French with translations. Bound in full black Morocco, with a gilt-stamped cover in French, “For Captain Dreyfus’s Son when He Turns 20.” A remarkable artefact dating from one of the most sensational trials of the late

Lot: 45 - Handwriting Expert Who Falsely Accused Dreyfus of Espionage, Decries “the hardships I am enduring for having done my duty” Following the Appearance of Zola’s, “J’accuse”

DU PATY DE CLAM, ARMAND. (1853-1916). French army officer and handwriting “expert” who wrongly accused Alfred Dreyfus of espionage. ALS. (“du Paty de Clam”). 4pp. 12mo. Paris, January 15, 1898. To his female cousin. In French with translation. “Thank you very much for your sympathy. My poor sister died on her way back to France after having exhausted her

Lot: 46 - Dvorak Inquires about a Dutch Performance of His "Stabat Mater"

DVORAK, ANTONIN. (1841-1904). Czech composer; considered, with Smetana and Janacek, one of the three greatest exponents of Czech national musical tradition. ALS. (“Antonin Dvorak”). 2½pp. 8vo. Prague, March 19, 1889. Written in English to a gentleman. “You have been kind enough to send me the program of your concert where my Stabat Mater is to be performed for the first time in Dordrecht. I am very anxious to hear something about the performance and for this reason I would ask you to send me any accounts of this evening concert. Especially you would much oblige me by sending me some newspapers of your city. … with feelings of gratitude I remain sincerely yours… Please pardon me if I write to you in English but my Bohemian languages you would not understand and your language I regret very much I do not know.” A prodigious violinist, Dvorak’s talent was first recognized by Johannes Brahms who sat on the jury for the Austrian State Prize for Composition, won by Dvorak in 1874, 1876 and 1877. Brahms recommended the young composer to his publisher Simrock who commissioned Dvorak’s Slavonic Dances, the popularity of which enhanced the composer’s reputation. Much of his work is inspired by his Bohemian heritage, and includes his Moravian Duets, Three Slavonic Rhapsodies, Hussite Overture, Rusalka, and the Dumky Trio all of which have Czech, Moravian or other Slavic influences. Dvorak devoted much of his career to promoting Czech music and theater. However, it is his 1893 Symphony No. 9, known as the New World Symphony, composed while director of the National Conservatory of Music in America, for which Dvorak is best known. Our letter discusses a Dutch performance of his oratorio Stabat Mater, a ten-movement sacred work composed between 1876-1877. Following the composition’s 1880 premiere in Prague, it was performed in London in 1883 and added to Dvorak’s international reputation; it remains one of the composer’s most enduring works. Written on a folded sheet, with light toning and wear. Boldly signed and in fine condition; uncommon.

Lot: 47 - Signature of Amelia Earhart First Woman to Fly Solo Across the Atlantic

EARHART, AMELIA. (1897-1937?). The first woman to pilot a plane solo across the Atlantic who mysteriously disappeared over the Pacific on a flight from New Guinea to Howland Island in July 1937. CS. (“Amelia M. Earhart”). 1p. Oblong 12mo. (3x5 inches). N.p., N.d. Signed diagonally across a rectangular sheet of cream-colored paper. After purchasing her first plane in 1922, Earhart began challenging existing aviation records. In 1928, with the encouragement of her future husband, publisher George Putnam, she became the first woman to make a transatlantic flight. In 1932, she made a similar flight, this time becoming the first woman to fly the Atlantic on her own. Earhart continued to pilot landmark flights culminating in her ill-fated attempt to fly around the world in 1937. Radio contact was lost on July 2 as her aircraft disappeared over the Pacific while flying from New Guinea to Howland Island. “Despite the extreme unlikelihood of her having survived, speculation as to the nature of her flight and its true outcome – including the notion that hers was a clandestine intelligence mission for the U.S. Navy – continued for decades,” (Liberty’s Women, McHenry). In fine condition; the ink a little light.

Lot: 48 - Fine Pencil Signature of America’s Greatest Inventor, Thomas Edison

EDISON, THOMAS ALVA. (1847-1931). American inventor of sound recording, electrical illumination, motion picture cameras and other epoch-making developments. CS. (“Thos A Edison”). 1p. 16mo. N.p., N.d. A fine example of his “umbrella” signature, matted with a newspaper portrait reproduction. Edison, who held 1,093 patents at the time of his death, is credited with ushering in the age of electricity. Backed by financiers J.P. Morgan and the Vanderbilts, he developed operable electric lighting as well as alkaline batteries to power another of his inventions, the phonograph. Edison invented the immensely successful phonograph while attempting to convert telegraphed messages into recorded messages. Edison also worked on synchronizing his phonograph to moving pictures and invented a camera and viewing machine that made silent movies commercially viable. Signed in pencil and very slightly creased, in fine condition.

Lot: 49 - Colorful, English Royal Nobility License in Original Box with 3 Red-Wax Seals

[EDWARD VII, KING OF ENGLAND. (1841-1910)]. DS. 1p. Folio. N.p., February 4, 1910. A handwritten and illustrated royal license granting the use of the last name and arms of Luxmoore to Allan Aylmer Wilson (1880-1969) and his wife Lucy Luxmoore Dumville Lees Wilson. Signed by Alfred Scott Scott-Gatty (1847-1918) and William Henry Weldon (1837-1919) both officers of arms at the College of Arms and George Edward Cokayne (1825-1911), English genealogist, author of The Complete Peerage, and herald at the College of Arms and Clarenceux King of Arms. Also signed on the verso by Henry Farnham Burke (1859-1930) officer of arms at the College of Arms in his capacity as Somerset Herald of Arms in Ordinary. The document, executed on vellum, is illustrated with the arms of Luxmoore in the upper left corner which include Argent Argent a chevron nebuly Sable between in chief two moorcocks proper and in base a fleur-de-lys Azure a canton Gules, surmounted by a closed helmet, denoting the rank of gentleman. Above the helmet is an axe with blue fleur-de-lis on each side. To the right of the Luxmoore arms are arms of the Duke of Norfolk, the royal arms of King Edward VII and the armorial achievement of the College of Arms. Three red wax seals, attached to the bottom of the document with blue ribbons, are contained in metal skippets embossed with an image of a crown. The three representatives of the college of arms have signed on either side of each ribbon. Alan Ayler Wilson graduated from Oxford’s Trinity College in 1902, began practicing as a solicitor and married Lucy Luxmoore Dumville Lees (1880-1965), the granddaughter of Reverend John Bridgman Luxmoore. The couple resided in Durham at Shincliffe Hall, and Alan fought in the First World War, attaining the rank of captain. Our document grants the Wilsons use of the name Luxmoore as was stipulated in the will of Lucy’s unmarried aunt, Marion Luxmoore (1833-1893) of Okehampton Park in Devon. The vellum document is tightly rolled up and contained in its original red leather box with blind and gold embossed decoration and the gilt monogram of King Edward VII. The interior of the box is elegantly lined with gold-decorated blue paper. In excellent condition and uncommon.

Lot: 50 - Esterhazy, Dreyfus Affair Villain, Wants to Duel Picquart!

ESTERHAZY, MARIE-CHARLES-FERDINAND WALSIN. (1847-1923). French infantry officer and German spy whose actions precipitated the infamous Dreyfus Affair. ALS. (“Estzy”). 2/3 p. 12mo. (Paris), N.d. (May 1898). To a male friend. In French with translation. “Dear friend, I had asked you to have the newspaper’s letter reproduced, but the last paragraph was grotesquely

Lot: 51 - "Joan of Arc's" Falconetti, One of the Rarest of All Movie Performers

FALCONETTI, RENÉE JEANNE. (1892-1946). French actress, best remembered for her outstanding portrayal of Joan of Arc in Carl Theodor Dreyer’s 1928 classic silent film, The Passion of Joan of Arc. AQS. (“Falconetti”). ½p. Folio. N.p., N.d. A folio, cream-colored sheet on which the legendary actress has boldly penned a quotation, in French, in an extremely large and dynamic script: “La Paix est la condition essentielle de l’Art” [“Peace is the essential condition of Art”] Considered one of the greatest films of all time, The Passion of Joan of Arc, was shot in Dreyer’s unique style relying heavily on close-ups of the expressive actors’ faces and an austere, concrete set to evoke Joan’s imprisonment by the French in English controlled Rouen. The story (based on the original contemporary trial transcripts) depicts her courage and faith during her trial and burning at the stake. Falconetti escaped the Nazi invasion of France and died, a probable suicide, in Buenos Aires, Argentina. Following the devastation of WWI, the World League for Peace was formed after taking its name from President Wilson’s 1917 Senate speech that bore the same title. Under the leadership of its president George Dejean, the organization assembled an anthology that included comments written about peace by notable persons from around the world. Between 1925 and 1932, entries were received from royalty, politicians, artists, musicians, and writers including Queen Elizabeth of Belgium, Marie Curie, Marconi, Einstein, Baden-Powell, King Faisal, Maginot, Colette, Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, Pirandello, Unamuno, Le Corbusier, Foujita, and Paul Signac. The collaboration led to the 1932 publication in Switzerland of a deluxe, limited-edition volume entitled Pax Mundi: livre d'or de la paix. In superb condition and very rare.

Lot: 52 - Signed Photograph of Cyrus W. Field, Financier of the First Transatlantic Cable

FIELD, CYRUS W. (1819-1892). American businessman who financed the first transatlantic cable as part of the Atlantic Telegraph Company. SP (verso). (“Cyrus W. Field”). 1p. Cabinet. N.p., N.d. A fine Ludovici photograph of an engraving made after Daniel Huntington’s portrait of Field in New York’s Metropolitan Museum, boldly signed on the verso. Born in Stockbridge, Massachusetts, the son of prominent pastor David Dudley Field, 15-year-old Field relocated to New York City to seek his fortune. After working as an errand boy and apprentice, he entered the paper business with his brother, and, despite initial obstacles, turned the venture into a success, retiring with $250,000 at the age of 34. His canny business sense included the funding of painter Frederic Church’s Andes expeditions in order to generate appeal for investors in Field’s South American ventures. In 1854, Field joined Peter Cooper, Samuel F.B. Morse and several other investors in what would come to be called the “Cable Cabinet,” financing cable systems that rivaled Western Union. Their major accomplishment was constructing the first transatlantic telegraph cable, begun in 1854 and completed in 1858, which allowed Queen Victoria to send a congratulatory message in Morse code to President James Buchanan in August. The cable was destroyed the following month, however, and not replaced until 1866. In his later years Field invested in railroads but lost much of his fortune. A lovely image, the photographic mount of which has been trimmed. With some minor dust staining and light wear. In fine condition and rare in this format.

Lot: 53 - Large Signed Portrait of Filene’s Basement Retailer

FILENE, EDWARD. (1860-1937). American businessman and humanitarian. Signed portrait. (“Edward A. Filene”). 1p. Folio. N.p., 1927. A large pencil portrait by the illustrator Oscar Lazar. The son of German-Jewish immigrants, Filene observed his father’s life in America begin as a peddler and finish as the owner of several successful department stores. With his brother Abraham, Edward built upon his father’s success to create the Boston-based Filene’s, one of the largest such stores in the nation. Its success was due to Filene’s many innovations including a “money back guarantee” and the creation of Filene’s Basement, an annex designed to move excess merchandise at reduced prices. Filene was also an innovator in worker relations implementing such programs as profit sharing, paid vacations, a 40-hour work week, and a credit union for his employees. However, his interest expanded beyond his own staff, and he led an initiative known as the Boston 1915 Movement dedicated to improving working class housing conditions, transportation and access to civic institutions and services such as libraries and parks. A closed tear in the left margin does not affect the artwork, otherwise in fine condition, A handsome and particularly large portrait of one of America’s greatest retail businessmen. Uncommon.

Lot: 54 - Mexican General Who Ordered Alamo’s Destruction

FILISOLA, VICENTE. (c.1785-1850). Mexican general and Santa Anna’s second-in-command during the Texas Revolution who was blamed for Mexico’s retreat after Santa Anna’s capture. LS. (“Vicente Filisola”). 1 1/3pp. Tall 4to. Mexico, December 27, 1821. In Spanish with translation. “Don Vicente Filisola, Colonel of the Toluca Cavalry Regiment and General Commander of the Demarcation. I certify that the Lieutenant Colonel Commander of the 2nd Squadron of the Regiment of my command, Don Jose Martínez de Chavero, since the tenth of July of the present year that he met me, was Major General in the Division of my charge performing all the commissions annexed to said employment, and the other particular ones that I entrusted to him, with all skill, efficiency and unselfishness and in the war functions that were provided he behaved with the courage, skill and knowledge that he had previously shown, his good zeal and decisiveness in the Board being exemplary; which makes him a good officer and excellent American citizen and at his request and for the records I give the present in Mexico on December 27th, 1821…” A Spanish veteran of the Napoleonic Wars, Filisola came to what was then New Spain in the first decade of the 19th century. There he supported Mexican Emperor Agustin de Iturbide, who placed him in command of the Army of the Three Guarantees in 1821, where he helped Mexico retain, for a time, most of Central America. Our letter was written shortly after the Mexican War of Independence culminated in September 1821 with Iturbide’s proclamation of independence Spain. With the 1835 revolt of the Tejanos against the centralist government of President Antonio López de Santa Anna, Filisola was appointed Santa Anna’s second-in-command. Although Filisola spent most of his time dealing with the difficult logistics of the campaign and leading the rear guard, Sam Houston’s capture of his dispatches to Santa Anna influenced the outcome of the conflict. It was Filisola who, after Santa Anna’s capture, ordered the Alamo evacuated and destroyed and led the retreat of Mexican forces, for which he was later vilified. He defended his actions in the 1837 account The Mexican Side of the Texas Revolution. Written on the recto and verso of a large, folded sheet; in fine condition.

Lot: 55 - The Sculptor and the Raincoat

FLAXMAN, JOHN. (1755-1826). English sculptor, illustrator and close friend of the prophet-painter-poet, William Blake. ALS. (“John Flaxman”). 2pp. 4to. London, February 21, 1826. [To Scottish chemist and inventor of waterproof fabric, CHARLES MACINTOSH (1766-1843)]. “I am concerned that I had not the pleasure of seeing you when last in town as your kindness to me in Glasgow must always remain fresh in my memory. I know how much engaged your time is both at home and abroad but still if it were possible I should rejoice to see you more frequently. The box with your note arrived according to your instructions and I saw the Stone Statue with attention, it’s [sic] proportions seemed just and there was a resemblance to nature throughout highly creditable to the sculptor (who if I apprehend your account of him) has had no advantages of study, he possesses a talent which if cultivated would afford both honor and profit. If I had any engagements in my profession which required the assistance this person could give I should readily employ him on the character you have given, but I have no work of the kind, but I cannot help thinking in the numerous new buildings both public and private, Grecian and Gothic his abilities might be employed until he has determined in what branch of Art to settle himself. I beg you will present my particular respects and best wishes for her health and happiness to the worthy Mrs. Macintosh whose friendly attentions I always remember with pleasure, and I will beg the favour also that you will say to Mr. G. Macintosh I hope he will oblige us with more of his company when he comes to town in case he can spare it from more pressing concerns…” In 1770, Flaxman, whose father was a producer of plaster casts, began his training at the Royal Academy, of which the esteemed painter Joshua Reynolds was president. Flaxman worked for English potter Josiah Wedgwood while perfecting his technique, becoming a successful sculptor of funerary monuments, especially bas-reliefs inspired by his close study of Greek Classicism. During the 1780s he worked and studied in Rome, refining his style and producing illustrations for works by Homer, Dante and Aeschylus for which he would become famous. Despite his renown as an illustrator, Flaxman continued to create church memorials as well as teach sculpture at London’s Royal Academy. Macintosh was a successful Scottish chemist and inventor best known for developing a waterproof fabric from the petroleum distillate naphtha. The appellation “Mackintosh” or “Mac” as a term for a raincoat acknowledges his innovation. Our friendly letter sends greetings to the scientist’s wife Mary née Fisher (?-?) and his son George Macintosh (1791-1848). Heavily folded with several visibly repaired tears and three small holes at the folds’ intersection. Written in Flaxman’s elegant, though aging, hand. Uncommon.

Lot: 56 - Saint Francis de Sales – a Rare Autograph Letter Signed

FRANCIS DE SALES, SAINT. (1567-1622). Roman Catholic bishop, remembered for his works on spiritual formation and venerated as a saint. ALS. (“Françs E[veque, or Bishop]. de Geneve”). 3/4p. 4to. [Annecy], February 18, 1622. To Mademoiselle de Picaraysin at Chaumont. In French with translation. “Madame, I have told the priest of Chaumont what can be done, in the matter he has proposed to me on your behalf; and greeting you very affectionately, I remain Madame Your most humble parent and servant…” Born into the noble de Sales family in the Duchy of Savoy, Francis studied theology and law and was highly educated. Despite his father’s strenuous and repeated insistence that he marry and pursue a political career, Francis joined a holy order. After the Bishop of Geneva, Claude de Granier, intervened, his father relented and Francis was ordained into the priesthood in 1593 whereupon he was made provost of the cathedral chapter of Geneva, a hotbed of Calvinism. Despite resistance from Calvinist inhabitants, he evangelized while residing in a garrisoned fortress, though he narrowly escaped assassination on several occasions. In 1602, Francis succeeded the bishop of Geneva, but due to Calvinist control of Geneva, he was forced to reside in the French alpine city of Annecy. The efficiency of his diocese as well as the evangelical zeal that permeated it was known throughout Europe as was Francis’ preaching. His popular and influential books Introduction to the Devout Life, unusual in that it was written for the laity, was published in 1607, and Treatise on the Love of God, increased the public’s regard for him. A beloved figure, Francis was venerated after his death, and canonized by Pope Alexander VII in 1665. St. Francis is the patron saint of writers and journalists, because of the printed matter he used in his efforts to convert Calvinists, as well as the patron saint of the deaf. Chaumont is a French city located to the northwest of Geneva. Published in Works, Annecy edition, Letters, vol. X (1896). With the address leaf attached. Folded and reinforced; the address leaf has been partially restored, in very good condition. With an engraved portrait and very rare.

Lot: 57 - Freud Recommends Theodor Reik with Reik’s Handwritten Definition of Psychology

FREUD, SIGMUND. (1856-1939). Austrian neurologist and founder of psychoanalysis. ADS. (“Prof. Dr. Sigm. Freud”). 1¼pp. 8vo. Vienna, October 30, 1933. On his personal Berggasse 19 stationery. To his protégé and friend, Austrian psychoanalyst THEODOR REIK (1888-1969). With Reik’s autograph manuscript defining psychology. 1p. 8vo. N.p., n.d. In German with

Lot: 58 - Frost’s LastTrip to England: “I look on these honors as a rounding out of one part of my life”

FROST, ROBERT. (1874-1963). American poet and four-time Pulitzer Prizewinner, author of such beloved poems as The Road Not Taken, Mending Wall and Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening. TLS. (“Robert Frost”). 2/3p. Small 4to. Cambridge, (May 6, 1957). To Margaret H. Haferd, the American Embassy librarian in London, on his Homer Noble Farm stationery. “Your schedule

Lot: 59 - Robert Frost Inscribed Book

FROST, ROBERT. (1874-1963). American poet and four-time Pulitzer Prize winner. Signed book. (“Robert Frost”). Ripton, August 17, 1955.. Fifth Printing of Complete Poems of Robert Frost 1949, Henry Holt and Company, New York. 666 pp. 8vo. Inscribed on the free front endpaper: “To the Hyatts, with thanks for their good wishes to Robert Frost, Bread Loaf, Ripton Vt. August 17, 1955.” Most of Frost’s most famous poems are included in this volume, including “The Road Not Taken,” “Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening” and “Mending Wall.” Among the numerous honors Frost received are four Pulitzer Prizes, the Mark Twain Medal and a gold medal from the National Institute of Arts and Letters. Lacking the dust jacket; spine faded and light wear to the cover. Internally fine with the owner’s name and address written on the front paste-down.

Lot: 60 - Long and Rare Niels Gade Autograph Musical Quotation

GADE, NIELS. (1817-1890). Prolific and influential Danish musician, composer and conductor. AMusQS. (“Niels W. Gade”). 1p. Oblong Small 4to. (7” x 9½”). Leipzig, November 1846. Twelve double measures from an unidentified composition inscribed in German, “…in friendly remembrance of Niels W. Gade,” likely to JULIUS TAUSCH (1827-1895), a student of Mendelssohn, pianist, composer, and conductor. A violinist with the Royal Danish Orchestra, Gade sent his first symphony to Felix Mendelssohn who premiered it in Leipzig in 1843, where it was very well received. Gade later moved to Leipzig to teach at the Conservatory and worked as an assistant conductor for the Gewandhaus Orchestra, where he was influenced by Mendelssohn, Robert Schumann and Robert Franz. Gade succeeded Mendelssohn as conductor of the Gewandhaus Orchestra upon the latter’s death, but his tenure there was cut short by the political upheaval of the 1848 war between Prussia and Denmark. After returning to Copenhagen, he established an orchestra and became Denmark’s most renowned musician performing as an organist at Copenhagen Cathedral and co-directing the Copenhagen Conservatory, where he influenced such pupils as Edvard Grieg and Carl Nielsen. Gade was a prolific composer of eight symphonies, chamber music and works for organ. His most enduring work is Brudevalsen (The Bridal Waltz), used in August Bournonville’s baller Et Folkesagn (A Folk Tale), popular for Danish weddings. Tausch studied with Mendelssohn at the Leipzig Conservatory, after which he enjoyed a career as a prominent pianist and conductor, succeeding Robert Schumann as music director of the city of Düsseldorf, during which time he was festival director of the Niederrheinische Musikfest; in 1881 Gade and Tausch collaborated in directing the festival at which Gade conducted his Symphony in B flat minor and Zion as well as Bach’s St. Matthew Passion and Handel’s Samson. In lovely condition.

Lot: 61 - Sen. Goldwater, “Mr. Conservative,” to Sen. Moynihan: “I hope we can save our country, Pat; there are a lot of things wrong with it”

GOLDWATER, BARRY. (1909-1998). American politician known as “Mr. Conservative.” TLS. (“Barry”). 2/3p. 4to. Washington, August 11, 1980. Written on his U.S. Senate letterhead to his colleague DANIEL PATRICK “PAT” MOYNIHAN (1927-2003). “Coming out on the airplane from Washington I had the great pleasure of reading your book. It is as you’ve always been able to do, an outstanding work of English and thought. I hope we can save our country, Pat; there are a lot of things wrong with it, things that seem rather simple to correct, but I am beginning to be afraid that an attempt to correct some of the errors and continuing mistakes can bring on all heck in our country. In other words, I don’t think our people are aware of what we are into, where we are or headed. I pray I’m wrong, but thanks for that good book…” A friend of Herbert Hoover and opponent of New Deal liberalism, Goldwater represented his state of Arizona in the Senate for five terms beginning in 1952. In 1964, he made an unsuccessful bid for the White House, losing to Democrat Lyndon B. Johnson in a landslide. The campaign featured the now-iconic “Daisy” television ad, which linked Goldwater with the specter of nuclear annihilation. Returning to the Senate, Goldwater exerted his influence over military affairs as a member and, later, chairman of the Senate’s Armed Services and Intelligence committees. Despite being a Democrat, Moynihan was selected at the beginning of Republican Richard Nixon’s first term to be his counselor on urban affairs. A former assistant secretary of labor under Kennedy and Johnson and director of the Harvard–MIT Joint Center for Urban Studies, Moynihan was selected, in part, because of his academic background studying social policy. In 1973, Nixon appointed Moynihan to serve as the U.S. ambassador to India. Moynihan went on to serve as ambassador to the United Nations and a longtime U.S. Senator representing New York from 1977 to 2001. Over the course of his long career, Moynihan penned 19 books, leading his friend, columnist George F. Will, to quip that Moynihan “wrote more books than most senators have read.” Our letter refers to his 1980 book Counting Our Blessings: Reflections on the Future of America. Folded with printed docket numbers in the top and left margins. A date stamp on the verso shows through in the upper margin. Some minor creasing and a small piece of paper has been trimmed from the lower left corner.

Lot: 62 - Letter by Chinese Gordon, Led Victorious Imperial Army in the Taiping Rebellion

GORDON, CHARLES G. (1833-1885). British officer instrumental in putting down the Taiping Rebellion, the victory that earned him the moniker “Chinese Gordon.” ALS. (“C.G. Gordon”). 1½pp. 8vo. Southampton, January 17, 1873. To Robson. “I am glad to hear you are getting on so well. I am sorry that I have so much to do, that it will be impossible to go over the works [?] or to come & see you before I leave for Paris. I hope your father, mother & family are well & Believe me my dear Robson, Yours sincerely in great haste…” Gordon, a veteran of the Crimean War, later participated in a mission to survey the border between Russia and the Ottoman Empire. In 1860, he returned to the East when he volunteered to fight in China. He arrived in the midst of the Taiping Rebellion, a bloody civil war in southern China that left roughly 20 million people dead between 1850 and 1864. In 1863, Gordon was placed in command of the Ever Victorious Army, the Quing Dynasty’s force fighting rebels in the south. Under Gordon, the army accomplished many military victories including the capture of the cities of Suzhou and Changzhou. For his leadership, Gordon was decorated by the emperor as well as Queen Victoria who made him a Companion of the Bath. In 1873, the year of our letter, Gordon accepted a position with Ismail Pasha, the Khedive of Egypt and Sudan, and in the following year he was appointed a colonel in the Egyptian army. Several years later, he was promoted to Governor-General of the Sudan, during which time he dealt with an insurrection in Darfur and a war with Abyssinia. In the 1880s, he returned at the request of the British government to oversee the withdrawal of Egyptian troops from Sudan during the Mahdist War. Gordon died while defending the Sudanese city of Khartoum against Mahdist troops. Public memorials in his honor can be found throughout the British Commonwealth. Written on a folded sheet which bears a faint blind embossed seal in the upper left corner. Folded, but in very good condition.

Lot: 63 - Extensive Archive on Ending Slavery in British West Indies

GRANT, CHARLES, 1st BARON GLENELG. (1778-1866). Scottish politician and British colonial administrator. Archive of signed manuscript and printed circulars. (“Glenelg”). 19 leaves written in an unidentified secretarial hand and 13 printed leaves. 57pp. Small folio. January 31, 1838-October 17, 1838, London. To WILLIAM NICOLAY (1771-1842), British Army officer and governor of several

Lot: 64 - Signed Copy of Nobel Prize Winner Gunter Grass’ First Book

GRASS, GUNTER. (1927-2015). Prolific German writer and artist; winner of the 1999 Nobel Prize for Literature. Grass’s last years were surrounded by controversy when it was revealed that as a teenager, he had served as a soldier in the Nazi Waffen-SS, a fact that Grass had kept hidden for more than 60 years. A copy of the American edition of his first book, The Tin Drum, translated by Ralph Manheim. Pantheon Books, 1961-62, Book Club edition. Signed by Grass on the half-title. In a slightly worn, glassine covered dust-jacket; internally fine.

Lot: 65 - Greeley ALS Telling His Reporter Go West while Commenting on the Recently Developed Telegraph

GREELEY, HORACE. (1811-1872). American editor, reformer, and political leader, famous for popularizing the sentiment, “Go West, young man!” ALS. (“H. Greeley”). 2pp. 4to. New York, July 19, 1846. To Washington correspondent WILLIAM E. ROBINSON (1814-1892) who wrote under the pseudonym “Richelieu” and later served in Congress. “I have just

Lot: 66 - Original Drawing by Chaim Gross, Jewish-American Artist

GROSS, CHAIM. (1902-1991). Austrian-born, American artist and pedagogue. Signed drawing. (“Chaim Gross”). 1p. Narrow 8vo. N.p., March 17, 1990. A sketch in black ink depicting a standing woman signed and dated on the lower margin. Following the upheaval of the First World War that turned his family into refugees, Gross emigrated from Austrian Galicia to Budapest, where he studied at the art academy before anti-Semitic policies led to his deportation. After a brief return to Vienna, Gross immigrated to the United States to study at the Beaux-Arts Institute of Design, Art Students League of New York and the Educational Alliance Art School. In 1926, he began a 50-year career as a teacher at the latter institution; among his students was the influential American sculptor Louise Nevelson. Gross influenced the art world through his teaching posts at the New School, the Brooklyn Museum Art School, MoMA Art School, Art Students League, and the New Art School. Although recognition of his work came slowly, during the 1920s and 30s Gross exhibited his prints and carved sculptures, influenced by the woodworkers of his native Carpathian Mountains, throughout the United States. In 1933 he joined the Public Works Administration, creating public artworks and conducting demonstrations. The 1950s found Gross working in bronze as well as wood and stone. His influential book The Techniques of Wood Sculpture was published in 1957 and his artistic contributions were recognized by numerous honors and awards during the 1970s and 1980s. Gross founded and served as the first president of the Sculptors Guild. After his death, poet Allen Ginsberg recalled: “An inveterate draughtsman throughout his life, from earliest days of exile to his last days here in New York, he filled countless sketchbooks and hundreds of sheets with accomplished pencil, pen and ink, ink, and wash studies—on nature, studies of the human form, ‘fantasy drawings’ (a collection of these appeared in book form under that title in 1956), unmediated examinations of his own psyche, dark in the early years and increasingly lyrical, erotic & surrealist in character as he finally revealed his own nature. A major retrospective of his work at the Jewish Museum in 1977 showed his astonishing versatility & fecundity, and in his remaining fourteen years he kept on working,” (“Chaim Gross: 1904-1991,” Proceedings of the American Academy of Arts and Letters, Ginsberg). His works include Birds of Peace commissioned for Hebrew University, The Ten Commandments, at the International Synagogue at JFK Airport and such figural sculptures as Tightrope Dancer, Circus Girls, Jazz, Happy Mother, Mother Playing, and Two Acrobats. Penned the year before his death and in excellent condition.

Lot: 67 - Feminist Leader of Austrian Anti-Nazi Movement Writes about the Anniversary of “Kristallnacht,” “The Night of Broken Glass”

HARAND, IRENE. (1900-1975). An Austrian Roman Catholic who founded the anti-Nazi Harand Movement in 1933. TLS. (“Irene Harand”). 1p. 4to. Jamaica, NY, November 10, 1964. To Dr. Albert Friedberg, a collector of Philatelic Judaica and the first president of the Cleveland chapter of the Society of Israel Philatelists (S.I.P.). “Your kind letter of October 22nd came into my

Lot: 68 - W. H. Harrison’s Uncommon Free Frank

HARRISON, WILLIAM HENRY. (1773-1841). Ninth president of the United States whose 31-day administration is the shortest in American presidential history; grandfather of President Benjamin Harrison. Free Frank. (“Free W.H. Harrison”). 1p. Oblong 8vo. N.p. [Washington], N.d. [1825-1828?]. The holograph address panel of a letter (no longer present) to Andrew N. Baily in Cincinnati. Harrison rose to prominence in the military, participating in the Northwest Indian War and, notably, at the 1811 Battle of Tippecanoe where his troops defeated the forces of Shawnee leader Tecumseh. After his promotion to major general during the War of 1812, Harrison embarked on a political career as secretary of the Northwest Territory, which he represented in the House of Representatives. He later moved to Ohio, which he also represented in Congress, from March 4, 1825, to May 20, 1828. After a brief stint as a diplomat in South America, Harrison was nominated as the Whig presidential candidate in 1836. Although he lost to Martin van Buren, his 1840 campaign, which featured the famous slogan “Tippecanoe and Tyler too,” emphasizing Harrison’s identification with the frontier and his popular appeal as a military hero, was a success. However, Harrison succumbed on April 4, 1841, likely to enteric fever, one month after delivering his two-hour inaugural address – the longest in American history. Harrison was the first president to die in office. Baily was appointed receiver of public moneys for the District of Cincinnati by President John Quincy Adams in 1825 but removed from his position four years later by President Andrew Jackson. Folded with one vertical fold passing through the second letter of Harrison’s signature. Light staining and wear and in overall fine condition.

Lot: 69 - Lt. Col. Henry, Among Worst Conspirators in Dreyfus Affair

HENRY, HUBERT-JOSEPH. (1846-1898). French army officer who forged much of the evidence used against Alfred Dreyfus during the infamous Dreyfus Affair. Visiting Card. 1p. 12mo. Paris, N.d. Henry’s calling card inscribed “souhaits bien affectueux” (“very affectionate wishes”) to a gentleman. The printed card identifies “Commandant Henry” as “attaché à l’Etat-Major de l’Armée / Paris.” Jewish army officer Alfred Dreyfus’ 1894 conviction for treason and his subsequent exile and imprisonment on Devil’s Island hinged on an intercepted memo, or bordereau, attributed to Dreyfus, that revealed French military secrets that had been sent anonymously to the German military attaché in Paris by a French officer spying for the Germans, Major Marie-Charles-Ferdinand Walsin-Esterhazy. Additional evidence intended to implicate Dreyfus was secretly forged and submitted by French Army officers to the military judges presiding over the proceedings. Following his conviction, Dreyfus languished for years in solitary confinement while his family attempted to clear his name as the anti-Semitic French press regularly circulated rumors and lies about him. Esterhazy and Major Hubert-Joseph Henry, a statistical section officer who had forged much of the evidence used against Dreyfus in court, conspired to cover up their involvement by faking even more evidence. The truth finally emerged in the summer of 1898 after Henry confessed and then killed himself in a military prison and Esterhazy fled to England. The Dreyfus Affair’s significance is so far-reaching that the human rights movement, the beginnings of Zionism, and the French separation of church and state can all claim to have been born during this dark chapter in French history. With nominal dust staining and wear. A small part of the lower left corner is bent. Rare.

Lot: 70 - Herrera, Commander of the Mexican Army in 1833 Thanks an Officer who “attended the Palace at the time it was occupied by the troops under my orders”

HERRERA, JOSE JOAQUIN DE. (1792-1854). Mexican military commander and three-time president of Mexico. LS. (“Jose J. de Herrera”). 1½pp. Large 8vo. N.p., January 4, 1833. On letterhead of the General Command of Mexico. To Mexican army officer Don José Martínez Chavero. In Spanish with translation. “The Supreme and Legitimate Government being now in the

Lot: 71 - Herzl on Establishment of Jewish Colonial Bank in London

HERZL, THEODOR. (1860-1904). Hungarian-born, Austrian Jewish writer; founder and leader of the organized Zionist movement. Printed Letter Signed. (“Herzl”). Written as Chairman of the Zionist Action Committee to his colleagues. Additionally signed by Herzl’s secretary and close colleague, OSER KOKESCH (1855-1905). 3pp. 4to. Vienna, March 15, 1901. In German with translation.

Lot: 72 - O. W. Holmes ALS Written on Christmas Day

HOLMES, OLIVER WENDELL. (1809-1894). American physician, man of letters and author of the poems, The Chambered Nautilus and The Deacon’s Masterpiece or The Wonderful One Hoss Shay. ALS. (“Oliver Wendell Holmes”). 1p. 8vo. Boston, December 25, 1885. To a gentleman. “Many thanks, my dear sir, for your kind letter, which is very welcome and helps to give one the courage for future efforts…” Although distinguished in the field of medicine, it is Holmes’ writing, immensely popular during the 19th century, for which he is best known. Born in Cambridge, Massachusetts, Holmes was a founding editor of The Atlantic Monthly and a member of the Fireside Poets which included John Greenleaf Whittier, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, James Russell Lowell, and William Cullen Bryant. The Atlantic began serially publishing Holmes’ third and final novel A Mortal Antipathy in January 1885 and Houghton Mifflin and Co. published the novel later that year, possibly the subject of our letter. In very fine condition.

Lot: 73 - Jabotinsky Seeks Support for Joseph Schechtman at the French Revisionist Zionist Journal Rasswjet

JABOTINSKY, ZE'EV. (1880-1940). Influential Russian-Jewish Revisionist Zionist leader. TLS. (“V. Jabotinsky”). 1p. 4to. Paris, November 11, 1927. On the French and Hebrew letterhead of the Revisionist Zionist Alliance. To CHAIM BELILEVSKY (?-?), Berlin businessman, philanthropist and member of the Executive Committee of the World Zionist Organization. In German with translation.

Lot: 74 - Scarce Signed Photograph of Jabotinsky

JABOTINSKY, ZE’EV. (1880-1940). Influential Russian-Jewish Revisionist Zionist leader. SP. (“Z. Jabotinsky”). 1p. 12mo. N.p., (1933). In Hebrew. A three-quarters, original postcard photograph of unsmiling Jabotinsky, wearing glasses and attired in a double-breasted suit. Signed in the lower margin and dated 1933 in another hand on the verso. Born Vladimir Zhabotinsky in Odessa, Jabotinsky received a secular Russian education, dropping out of school at age 17 to become a newspaper correspondent and earning a reputation for his dispatches from Italy. His work also brought him under the scrutiny of the Tsarist police who imprisoned him for several months after he published an anti-establishment article. Following the 1903 Kishinev pogrom, Jabotinsky became a Zionist, learned Hebrew, changed his name from Vladimir to Ze’ev and organized the militant Jewish Self-Defense Organization to help protect Russian Jewish villages against ever increasing violence. A passionate orator, he traveled widely in Russia and Europe as an advocate for Zionism. However, unlike the more moderate Zionists, Jabotinsky was skeptical that Jews could live peacefully in the territories they had immigrated to and promoted self-defense over assimilation. Jabotinsky settled in Palestine, where, in 1920, he was elected to the first Assembly of Representatives. That same year, the threat of Arab riots near Jerusalem led him, once again, to organize a defense organization. He was subsequently arrested by the British for illegal possession of weapons but served just a few months of his 15-year sentence. He became disillusioned with the British administration of Palestine, parted ways with Chaim Weizmann and formed the Alliance of Revisionists-Zionists and the related youth movement, Betar, with the goal to establish a Jewish state on both sides of the Jordan River. Jabotinsky continued to promote his ideas, lecturing around the world despite his banishment from Palestine in 1930; his influence on Israeli politics continues to this day. Some minor, barely visible creases, otherwise fine. Uncommon in this format.

Lot: 75 - Signed Copy of Jabotinsky’s (not Herzl’s!) "Der Judenstaat" ("The Jewish State")

JABOTINSKY, ZE'EV. (1880-1940). Influential Russian-Jewish Revisionist Zionist leader. Signed book. (“V[ladimir]. Jabotinsky”). 136pp. Small 4to. Prague, 1938. To Nagir Moll (?). In German. A rare, signed copy of his book, Der Judenstaat (The Jewish State), first edition (?). Published by Dr. Heinrich Glanz Verlag, Vienna, 1938. Born Vladimir Zhabotinsky in Odessa, Jabotinsky received a secular Russian education, dropping out of school at age 17 to become a newspaper correspondent and earning a reputation for his dispatches from Italy. His work also brought him under the scrutiny of the Tsarist police who imprisoned him for several months after he published an anti-establishment article. Following the 1903 Kishinev pogrom, Jabotinsky became a Zionist, learned Hebrew, changed his name from Vladimir to Ze’ev and organized the militant Jewish Self-Defense Organization to help protect Russian Jewish villages against ever increasing violence. A passionate orator, he traveled widely in Russia and Europe as an advocate for Zionism. However, unlike the more moderate Zionists, Jabotinsky was skeptical that Jews could live peacefully in the territories they had immigrated to and promoted self-defense over assimilation. Jabotinsky settled in Palestine, where, in 1920, he was elected to the first Assembly of Representatives. That same year, the threat of Arab riots near Jerusalem led him, once again, to organize a defense organization. He was subsequently arrested by the British for illegal possession of weapons but served just a few months of his 15-year sentence. He became disillusioned with the British administration of Palestine, parted ways with Chaim Weizmann and formed the Alliance of Revisionists-Zionists and the related youth movement, Betar, with the goal to establish a Jewish state on both sides of the Jordan River. Jabotinsky continued to promote his ideas, lecturing around the world despite his banishment from Palestine in 1930; his influence on Israeli politics continues to this day. Our book, bound in maroon-colored cloth, expresses Jabotinsky’s far-ranging views on such matters as anti-Semitism, the British Mandate, the Arabs of Palestine, etc. The title clearly references Herzl’s ground-breaking work of the same name. In overall very good condition; some rippling of the cloth in the upper right corner and light wear and fading on the spine. Rare; we can find no other records of this book, signed or unsigned, available for sale or at auction.

Lot: 76 - Leos Janacek Declares, “It is laudable to set up a Czech orchestra”

LEOŠ JANÁČEK. (1854-1928). With Dvorak and Smetana, one of Czechoslovakia’s most outstanding composers. ALS. (“Leos Janacek”). 2pp. 8vo. N.p. (Brno), N.d. To a musician. In Czech with translation. “I don’t know, if your pt colleagues will want to perform in the orchestral concert on March 20th. However, please invite them in my name to today’s rehearsal (in Besední dum, 1st floor on the left). First violons rehearse from half past 2 to half past 3 today, Wednesday, second violins from 3:30 to 4:30, cellists from 5:30 to 6:30. It goes without saying that I would obtain the permission of the famous school directorate. I think it is laudable to set up a Czech orchestra, so I hope that the gentlemen will not abandon me…” Recognized for his musicianship at an early age, Janáček trained at the Augustinian St. Thomas’ Abbey in Brno, known for its musical scholarship, which dates to the 17th century. After studying in Prague from 1874-1875, Janáček returned to Brno where he taught music and conducted several choral groups. In February 1876, he became choirmaster of the Beseda brněnská Philharmonic Society, and in 1881, Janáček was chosen head of the organ school that later became the Brno Conservatory. It was also during the 1880s his works were increasingly inspired by Moravian folk music. A prolific composer, Janáček did not receive wide international recognition until he was well into his 70s. His better-known works include Sinfonietta; Taras Bulba; Glagolitic Mass; Quartet No. 1, “The Kreutzer Sonata;” Quartet No. 2, “Intimate Letters;” and the operas Jenůfa, Káťa Kabanová, The Cunning Little Vixen, The Makropulos Affair, and From the House of the Dead. Our letter, discussing Janáček’s efforts to establish a Czech symphony orchestra in Brno, invites musicians to join a rehearsal to be held in the Besední dum (Beseda House), a Renaissance Revival building in Brno, completed in 1873, which housed the Beseda brněnská Philharmonic Society. “The opening of the [Besední dum] was a watershed for Brno’s Czech population as within the centre of the city there was now a social and cultural centre, the construction of which demonstrated the Czechs’ growing self-confidence… Many of Janáček’s works had their premiere in the Besední dům, particularly his chamber works, such as the wind sextet Youth, Nursery Rhymes and Concertino, (“Besedni dum,” The building is currently home to the Brno Philharmonic, established in 1956, which credit’s Janáček with establishing the city’s philharmonic tradition. Folded and creased with normal wear. In very good condition.

Lot: 77 - Inscribed Photo of “Japanese Gandhi,” Toyohiko Kagawa

KAGAWA, TOYOHIKO. (1888-1960). Japanese Christian evangelist, social reformer, writer, and agroforestry pioneer, known as the “Japanese Gandhi” and the “St. Francis of Japan.” SP. (“Toyohiko Kagawa”). 1p. Postcard. N.p., N.d. Inscribed to “Dr. Eddy” (possibly the Protestant missionary, DR. GEORGE SHERWOOD EDDY, 1871-1963, a contemporary of Kagawa who was very familiar with his work) across the lower portion of an original photograph of the seated, pensive-looking Kagawa leaning on a desk with his chin in his hand. Orphaned at an early age, Kagawa was educated by Christian missionaries, becoming an enthusiastic convert. Inspired by Jesus’s Sermon on the Mount, Kagawa moved into the slums of Kobe to minister to the poor. Witnessing firsthand the plight of the poverty stricken inspired him to work towards the alleviation of poverty in Japan, and led to the publication of numerous books, the proceeds of which aided the impoverished. After attending Princeton’s theological seminary, Kagawa returned to Japan to become a leader in the trade union movement, calling for reforms such as fair wages, better working conditions and suffrage. He also sought to improve the circumstances of mountain farmers whose lives were disrupted by deforestation. Kagawa was influenced by J. Russell Smith’s work Tree Crops – a Permanent Agriculture and began to experiment with cultivating crops as part of a forest ecosystem. After successfully persuading Japanese farmers to plant walnut trees to stabilize the soil and feed their pigs, practicing what he called three-dimensional forestry or forest farming, he brought his research to South America and Africa. His groundbreaking work inspired forest garden pioneer Robert Hart who adapted the practice to the temperate climate of England. In the years leading up to World War II, he called for peace and demilitarization but with the outbreak of war, defended Emperor Hirohito and criticized the West as an aggressor against Japan. Although his later years were somewhat tarnished by his association with Japanese imperial propaganda during the war, Kagawa helped establish democracy in Japan and, for the remainder of his life, was an outspoken advocate of world peace and nuclear disarmament. Kagawa authored more than 150 books, including novels, sociological studies, theological works, and translations of the works of Albert Schweitzer. He was nominated several times for the Nobel Prize in Literature and the Nobel Peace Prize. There is a statue of Kagawa in Washington’s National Cathedral. Small portion of the upper-right corner missing and overall light wear; in good condition. Very rare.

Lot: 78 - Israel’s President Katzir to the President of Jerusalem’s Chamber of Commerce

KATZIR, EPHRAIM. (1916-2009). Fourth president of Israel 1973-1978. TLS. (“Ephraim Katzir”). As president. 1p. 4to. Jerusalem, May 25, 1977. On stationery headed with the seal of the State of Israel. To MENASHE HAI ELYASHAR (1901-1994), a businessman and president of the Jerusalem Chamber of Commerce. In Hebrew with translation. “I gratefully acknowledge receipt of the

Lot: 79 - Scarce TLS by Colonel Kisch, the Highest-Ranking Jewish Officer in the British Army

KISCH, COLONEL FREDERICK. (1888–1943). British Zionist and army brigadier, the highest-ranking Jewish officer in the British Army. TLS. (“F. H. Kish”). 1p. 4to. Jerusalem, June 18, 1926. On the letterhead of the Palestine Zionist Executive. To Mr. Schwartz, a journalist. Marked “Personal.” “Thank you for your letter of June 16th. You are quite right

Lot: 80 - Jerusalem Mayor Kollek & Visas for American Gangsters

KOLLEK, TEDDY. (1911-2007). Six-term Jerusalem mayor, known as “the greatest builder of Jerusalem since Herod.” TLS. (“Teddy Kollek”). 1p. 4to. Jerusalem, February 12, 1970. On his official stationery headed with a blind-embossed seal. To Acting District Commissioner of Jerusalem RAPHAEL “RAFI” LEVY (1924? -?). In Hebrew with translation. “I was

Lot: 81 - Lafayette Praises Captain Who Protected King Louis XVI During the French Revolution

LAFAYETTE, MARQUIS DE. (1757-1834). French hero of the American and French revolutions. ADS. (“Lafayette”). 2/3p. 4to. Paris, January 19, 1815. In French. Attestation for the French Captain Thouin who had assisted in defending the Tuileries during the French Revolution. “I certify that Mr. Thouin, Captain of the Battalion of St. Victor in the first years of the Revolution,

Lot: 82 - Harold Laski Manuscript on Palestine’s Economic Future

LASKI, HAROLD. (1893-1950). English political theorist, member of the British Labour Party and Zionist. AMsS. (“Harold J. Laski”). 16pp. 4to. N.p., N.d. (1946). Laski’s autograph manuscript for his article entitled “Palestine: The Economic Aspect,” published in Palestine’s Economic Future, a review of progress and prospect, edited by J.B. Hobman, with an

Lot: 83 - Photographer Clarence Laughlin Draws "The Third Eye"

LAUGHLIN, CLARENCE JOHN. (1905-1985). American photographer. Signed drawing. (“Clarence John Laughlin”). 1/3p. Small 4to. N.p., December 14, 1973. An ink drawing depicting two eyes, surmounted with a third “eye,” the lens of a camera. Captioned in Laughlin’s hand, “The Third Eye (The Camera)” with his signature and date. A native of Louisiana, Laughlin grew up poor in New Orleans. Despite dropping out of school around age 15, he aspired to become a writer, but fell in love with photography, developing a style influenced by French symbolism. After working for Vogue under Edward Steichen, with whom he disagreed, Laughlin focused on his own projects, becoming known for his surrealist photographs of southern architecture and the literary captions which he considered part of his artwork. In 1948, he published Ghosts Along the Mississippi: The Magic of the Old Houses of Louisiana, representative of his oeuvre. In 1938, Laughlin wrote “For me… the camera becomes a third eye. It enables me to see more intensely than with my two eyes alone, it helps me to reveal the symbolic contents of objects, their relationships with larger and more inclusive reality beyond themselves,” (Clarence John Laughlin: Prophet Without Honor, Meek). Elaborating on this concept, Laughlin exhibited a collection of his photographs entitled “The Camera as a Third Eye” and lectured on the topic, speaking on “the methods whereby the glass eye of the camera can be related to the inner eye of the imagination [and] the reasons why photography can be considered art, since he believes that the camera is a machine only when it is used mechanically,” (February 9, 1950 lecture announcement, website of the Art Institute of Chicago’s Society for Contemporary Art, Laughlin “also worked on a book he called The Camera as a Third Eye, based on an article published in Mademoiselle. He felt it would appeal to a creative audience, but it went nowhere with publishers. Laughlin wanted to address metaphysics in photography and create ‘the most beautiful book ever made’ on the subject. But no publisher would give him the complete creative control he demanded,” (op. cit., Meek). Recognized by art historians as the first surrealist photographer in America, Laughlin is remembered for “his atmospheric depictions of decaying antebellum architecture that proliferated his hometown of New Orleans, [and for approaching] photography with a romantic, experimental eye that diverged heavily from his peers who championed realism and social documentary,” (“Strange Light: The Photograph of Clarence John Laughlin,” website of the High Museum of Art, Written in the top third of a blank sheet and in near mint condition – rare.

Lot: 84 - “I write poetry & prose, Holding my pen between my toes”

LEAK, ANN E. (1839(?)-1899). American armless sideshow performer, who earned her living by publicly displaying her dexterity with her feet during the decades after the Civil War. SP. (“Ann E. Leak Born without arms, Age 29 yrs”). CDV. Georgia, August 30, 1871. A sepia carte-de-visite photograph showing Leak on a covered table holding a knife and fork with her feet above a plate of food. Signed on the verso with the message “I write poetry & prose, Holding my pen between my toes.” Born into a large and wealthy Georgia family and predicted to live for only a few days, Leak defied her doctor’s and family’s expectations. She not only became dexterous with her feet, but also attended college and obtained the education and training necessary to become a governess, even though her need of an assistant thwarted her career ambitions. The Civil War impoverished her family necessitating that she seek out a source of income. After earning money by teaching hair braiding, she reluctantly began to put on public display her remarkable ability to knit, sew, crochet, embroider, write, and use scissors and silverware. She first performed at P.T. Barnum’s New York City American Museum in 1865, before exhibiting her skills on the road. Leak rejoined Barnum in 1872 and toured with his Great Travelling Museum, Menagerie, Caravan and Hippodrome. She earned additional income by selling knitted goods and other souvenirs such as our signed photograph. Leak eventually married Pennsylvania circus manager William R. Thomson and gave birth to a son. A newspaper illustration based on our image was used on the cover of her 1867 The Autobiography of Miss Ann E. Leak, Born Without Arms, published in Melbourne by Azzopardi, Hildreth and Co. Uncommon and in excellent condition.

Lot: 85 - And in the Center Ring, Leodiska, the Amazing Parrot Trainer!

LEODISKA. (?-?). Fin-de-siecle Spanish circus performer. SP. (“Leodiska”). 1p. Cabinet. N.p., N.d. A full-length studio portrait by Friedrich Schroeder depicting Leodiska in her circus costume leaning against a small table with a cockatoo perched on her right hand; signed in the lower mount. Leodiska, with her collection of trained parrots and cockatoos, made her debut in Spain on June 27, 1892. Subsequent performances were reported in the July 1895 issue of the Spanish journal Revista: Teatral, Literaria, Cientifica. De Bellas Artes Y Espectaculos, which notes that Leodiska performed with circuses in in the Spanish countryside, and she appears among the list of performers in the May 1895 Revue l’Art Dramatique. By August 1899, “Mlle Leodiska’s Performing Cockatoos and Paraqueets” was listed on the bill of the Alhambra Theatre in London’s Leicester Square. Identified in French on the verso in an unknown hand “Leodiska / perroquets dresses” (“Leodiska / parrot trainer”). In very fine condition, with two thumbtack impressions at the top and bottom and a thumbtack hole near the bottom edge. A rare piece of 19th century circus history.

Lot: 86 - De Lesseps: “The canalization of the Isthmus of Suez”

LESSEPS, FERDINAND DE. (1805-1894). French diplomat and promoter of the Suez Canal. LS. (“Ferd. De Lesseps”). 1p. 4to. Paris, May 27, 1856. To the editor-in-chief of a French newspaper. An especially early reference to the monumental construction of the Suez Canal. In French with translation. “I have the honor to send you the reports of the studies carried out in Egypt by the International Commission for the drilling of the Isthmus of Suez, a reply from Mr. B[arthéle]my. St. Hilaire to the Edinburgh Review, the deed of concession including the requirement specifications and the statutes of the Compagnie Universelle. I submit these documents for your consideration, hoping that you will be willing to give an account of them, and I am pleased to take this opportunity to express to you my thanks for the enlightened support you have spontaneously given to the project of the canalization of the Isthmus of Suez. It is thanks to the French press above all that this project has reached the point of imminent execution where it is today and its support will not fail to contribute to the lasting success. Please accept, Sir, the assurances of my highest consideration” As a consular official in Egypt from 1832-1836, de Lesseps became interested in constructing a canal through the Isthmus of Suez, a project that occupied him for more than thirty years. With the assistance of the Viceroy of Egypt, Mohammed Said, agreements were signed in the 1850s. Our letter mentions the Commission Internationale pour le percement de l’Isthme de Suez, a body of European experts assembled by de Lesseps in 1855 at the behest of the Viceroy. The commission’s most influential member was Jules Barthélemy-Saint-Hilaire (1805-1895), mentioned in our letter, and rumored to be Napoleon’s illegitimate son, who had worked for the Ministry of Finance and as a journalist prior to taking up an academic post. The Revolution of 1848 returned him to political life as a member of a commission on education. Barthélemy-Saint-Hilaire’s contributions to the Suez commission’s report, helped sway French public opinion in favor of the project. Having established the feasibility of the project, in 1859 the Universal Company of the Maritime Canal of Suez began its work using Egyptian forced labor. Final approval by the Ottoman Sultan, who ruled Egypt, did not come until 1866, and on November 17, 1869, in the presence of Empress Eugenie of France, and with great fanfare, the Suez Canal opened. At its completion, its cost exceeded 420,000,000 francs, and was considered the greatest engineering achievement of its time. Folded once horizontally with some light wear along the right edge, in fine condition.

Lot: 87 - Fine Autograph Letter by “the Swedish Nightingale” Jenny Lind

LIND, JENNY. (1820-1887). Swedish coloratura soprano; nicknamed “the Swedish nightingale.” ALS. (“Jenny Goldschmidt”). 4pp. 4to. Upper Norwood, October 21, 1863. On her blind-embossed Wimbledon Common stationery which she has struck through to add the address of the Queens Hotel in Upper Norwood. To a gentleman. “Is there any chance for the supplication in the enclosed letter beeing [sic] granted? I have difficulty to ask any special favors from your Committee as I already have enjoyed so much attention – but I feel it my duty for the Lady’s sake who asks this favour to try what I can – and to assure you that I would feel very grateful to the committee if my prayer was granted for a renewal for poor Thomas Beddoes but shall by no means feel astonished if my request is considered too bold. I would of course have to give back one of my introductional papers for this year (I suppose) if the request could be granted… I remain here only until next Saturday – after that I go home to Wimbledon” The illegitimate and unwanted daughter of a struggling schoolmistress, Lind became “the most idolized woman of her time, and the first woman ever to be memorialized in Westminster Abbey,” (Jenny Lind: The Swedish Nightingale, Shultz). She began performing at age 10, earning her first big role in 1838 and, by 20, she was a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Music. In 1844, she began to perform throughout Germany and Austria, earning the moniker “the Swedish Nightingale” and the admiration of Robert Schumann, Hector Berlioz and Felix Mendelssohn. Lind and Mendelssohn maintained a close relationship, the composer even attending Lind’s London debut. His unfinished opera Lorelei was composed for her. However, deeply religious Lind became convinced that opera was immoral and, in 1849, reinvented herself as a soloist. Following her illustrious, albeit brief, operatic career, Lind settled in Wimbledon Common with her husband and accompanist, Otto Goldschmidt, a German composer, pianist and student of Mendelssohn. In 1883, Lind became a professor of singing at the Royal College of Music. Our letter regards a request for “poor Thomas Beddoes,” possibly the English poet Thomas Lovell Beddoes (1803-1849), the son of the eminent physician Thomas Beddoes who himself studied medicine while publishing poetry. Fixated on death, he was expelled from his medical studies in Göttingen after attempting to prove the existence of the soul after death. In 1849, he committed suicide. His Death’s Jest Book and Collected Poems were posthumously published. Our letter may regard a memorial requested by a female relative on his behalf. Written on a folded sheet. Folded into thirds and in fine condition.

Lot: 88 - Unique Treaty of Versailles & Lloyd George Item

LLOYD GEORGE, DAVID, (1863-1945). English statesman and prime Minister. A single, 7¼ x 10½ sheet of paper bearing three French postage stamps in the upper right corner, postmarked from the “Congres de la Paix Versailles Chateau” dated June 28, 1919, the date the Treaty of Versailles was signed, and “Congres de la Paix St.-Germaine-en-Laye” dated

Lot: 89 - Judge Orders Dreyfus Affair Witness to Testify at Trial

LOEW, LOUIS. (1828-1917). French magistrate remembered for his critical role in the Dreyfus Affair. LS. (“L. Loew”). 1p. 8vo. Paris, December 23, 1898. A summons on the stationery of the Court of Cassation summoning CHARLES-MAURICE DE VAUX (1845-1915?), a journalist and Dreyfusard. In French with translation. “I have the honor to ask you kindly to appear on Saturday,

Lot: 90 - Lockheed Corporation’s Victor Loughead’s Ground-Breaking Book on Early Aviation

LOUGHEAD [LOCKHEED], VICTOR. (?-1943). Automotive and airplane pioneer who helped found the Loughead Aircraft Manufacturing Company, later the Lockheed Corporation. Signed book. (“Victor Loughead”). 479pp. 4to. N.p., February 24, 1910. A first edition of his influential 1909 book Vehicles of the Air: A Popular Exposition of Modern Aeronautics with Working Drawings, The Reilly and Britton Co., Chicago, inscribed to Loughead’s friend, Robert M. Cutting, secretary of the Illinois Aeroplane Club of Chicago, organized in 1910 with Loughead as a consulting engineer. A notable automotive engineer in Chicago and founder of the Society of Automobile Engineers, Loughead attracted much attention with his 1909 book, Vehicles of the Air, published just six years after the Wright Brothers’ historic flight. Filled with technical details, the popular volume contains a list of airplane-related patents, flight records and other important data, making it an interesting historical record of the early days of aviation. In 1911, Loughead designed the Taft-Pierce-Lockheed V-8 engine, now in the collection of the National Air and Space Museum and worked closely with California inventory John Montgomery on aeronautical research. Victor’s engineering knowledge and personal charisma attracted investors, and he enlisted his half-brother Allan to work on modifying several aircraft he was designing in Chicago, including a tandem-wing glider and a Curtiss biplane. However, Victor’s penchant for drink (despite Prohibition) and for young girls (despite his marriage), eventually led to a parting of ways, (So Many Worlds: Invention, Management, Philosophy, and Risk in the Life of Leroy Hill, Miner). Allan collaborated with his brother Malcolm in California, changing their name to the phonetic “Lockheed” as Victor had earlier done, and becoming one of the best-known names in the history of aeronautics. In 1912, Victor published a second book, Aeroplane Designing for Amateurs. Neatly inscribed in black ink on the front free endpaper. The cover is illustrated with a gold embossed airplane. In surprisingly excellent condition, and rare.

Lot: 91 - Thomas Mann Contract for "Confessions of Felix Krull, Confidence Man"

MANN, THOMAS. (1875-1955). German novelist and essayist whose works include the autobiographical Buddenbrooks, as well as Death in Venice and The Magic Mountain; winner of the 1929 Nobel Prize for Literature. DS. (“Thomas Mann”). 1p. Tall 4to. N.p., August 29, 1945. A typed contract between Mann, represented by the Franz J. Horch Agency, and Editorial Sigle Veinte of Argentina for the Spanish language rights for Bekenntnisse des Hochstaplers Felix Krull (Confessions of Felix Krull, Confidence Man). Born to a middle-class German father and a Brazilian mother, Mann was educated in Munich and worked in the insurance industry. He published his first story, Little Mr. Friedemann, in 1898, and for the next decade he continued writing short stories and novellas, including his landmark autobiographical novel Buddenbrooks in 1901 and his well-known 1912 novella Death in Venice. Also in 1912, Mann’s wife, Katja, spent several months in a sanitarium in Davos, Switzerland. Mann’s visits with her inspired his novel The Magic Mountain, published in 1924 and considered one of the most influential works of the 20th century. Set in the years leading up to the First World War, The Magic Mountain “chillingly foresaw the disintegrating faith in reason and the corresponding surrender to the irrational that only a few years later produced Adolf Hitler and caused Mann’s own books to be burned in Germany,” (“Thomas Mann’s The Magic Mountain, The vitality of big ideas,” The American Scholar, Bordewich). Our contract is for Mann’s novel Confessions of Felix Krull, Confidence Mann, that featured characters from a short story he began in 1911. It was unfinished at the time of his death and published posthumously; it was made into a film written by his daughter Erika in 1957. For his oeuvre, Mann won the 1929 Nobel Prize in Literature, but with the 1933 rise of Nazism in Germany, Mann fled his country and moved first to neutral Switzerland and, two years later, to Princeton, New Jersey as a visiting professor. He settled in California’s Pacific Palisades in 1941. Horch (1901-1951) was an Austrian-born, American literary agent for many exiled writers, including Thomas Mann’s brother, Heinrich, and his son, Klaus. Typed on onion skin contract paper and signed by Mann in black ink. Creased and folded with heavier creasing, a tear and some browning along the right edge. In good condition.

Lot: 92 - Four Autograph Musical Quotations by Jules Massenet

MASSENET, JULES. (1842-1912). The most prolific and important French opera composer of his time. AMusQS. (“Massenet”). 1p. 8vo. Paris, May 2, 1912. Inscribed in French, “to you two delicious friends!” Four quotations, each identified underneath as originating from his operas Ariane, Roma, Thérèse, and Don César de Bazan (the latter identified from Massenet’s handwritten lyrics “a vous mon coeur! A vous!”). Massenet’s influence on turn-of-the-century French music was profound. Not only did his many operas bridge traditional opera to a more modern style, but his teaching at the Paris Conservatory beginning in 1878, shaped the work of nearly every major French composer of his era. His numerous works for voice, piano, orchestra, and chorus – now largely forgotten – have been eclipsed by the success of his operas Werther, Thais, Sapho, and Manon. The unsuccessful four-act comic opera, Don César de Bazan, which premiered at Paris’ Opéra-Comique in 1872, was Massenet’s first full-length opera. Subsequent works established his reputation, especially Manon in 1884. In total, Massenet wrote more than 30 operas, including a substantially rewritten Don César de Bazan. His later works include the five-act opera Ariane, inspired by the Greek mythological character Ariadne, which premiered at Paris’ Palais Garnier in 1906; the lesser-known two-act opera, Thérèse, set during the French Revolution, premiered at the Opéra de Monte-Carlo in 1907; and Roma, a five-act opera set in Ancient Rome, also had its premiere at the Opéra de Monte-Carlo 1912. It was Massenet’s last work to be staged during his lifetime. Neatly and elegantly written in blue ink on a folded sheet with a bold signature. In excellent condition.

Lot: 93 - Rare Maximilian, Emperor of Mexico, Signed Photograph

MAXIMILIAN, EMPEROR OF MEXICO. (1832-1867). Brother of Austrian Emperor Francis Joseph and Emperor of Mexico. SP. (“Maximilian”). 1p. CDV. N.p., N.d. A three-quarter length image of the future Emperor of Mexico standing with his left arm resting atop an ornately carved table. Our image was taken by Paris photographer Robert Jefferson Bingham (1825-1870) in the 1860s and is identical to an example found in London’s National Portrait Gallery. Archduke Maximilian married Princess Charlotte, daughter of Leopold I of Belgium, in 1857. In 1863, following France’s partial conquest of Mexico, the archduke was offered the Mexican throne by a group of prominent Mexican citizens acting under the direction of French Emperor Napoleon III. At Charlotte’s insistence and with his brother’s blessing, Maximilian arrived in Mexico a year later to assume power in a country overwhelmingly unwilling to accept Hapsburg rule, and took up residence at Chapultepec Castle, home of Mexico’s rulers since the 14th century. With the United States’ refusal to recognize his legitimacy and Napoleon III’s withdrawal of support, Maximilian was left to the mercy of Mexican nationalist Benito Juarez and his army. Captured by Juarez’s troops on May 15, 1867, Maximilian was executed by firing squad a month later. Charlotte, known in Mexico as Carlota, had left earlier for Europe in the hope of gaining Napoleon III and his wife Eugenie’s and the Pope’s support. Refused assistance from the French royal couple, and unable to receive an audience with Pope Pius IX, Carlota suffered a nervous breakdown during her trip and outlived her husband by sixty years, a victim, not generally known, of paranoid schizophrenia. Mounting traces on the verso, otherwise in excellent condition. Extremely rare. This example, sold in 1990, is the only signed photograph of Maximilian registered in the online American Book Prices Current in 45 years.

Lot: 94 - Golda Meir on “the terrible days of the winter 1948 came to life again in my memory, for all their pain and for all their greatness”

MEIR, GOLDA. (1898-1978). Ukrainian-born, Zionist and fourth Prime Minister of Israel. TLS. (“Golda Meir”). 1p. 4to. Jerusalem, June 17, 1971. On her prime minister’s stationery headed with the Israeli State seal. To Reuben Mas, a Jerusalem author. In Hebrew with translation. “On the eve of Memorial Day for IDF casualties, I received the two books you honored me

Lot: 95 - Gen. Mercier who Dreyfus Called the “Chief Criminal” of the Affair

MERCIER, AUGUSTE. (1833-1921). French Minister of War and one of the most virulent anti-Dreyfusard voices during the Dreyfus Affair. LS. (“A. Mercier”). 1p. Small 4to. Paris, October 29, 1885. On War Ministry letterhead. To Mr. Audouin, an attorney in Paris. In French with translation. “Sir, in answer to your letter of October 12, I inform you that Mr. Barbarin (Antoine), former soldier in the 12th section of Clerks and Workers of military administration, declared his intention to retire when the class of 1879, to which he belonged, in Veyre-Monton (Puy-de-Dôme), was discharged. Receive, Sir, the assurance of my consideration. For the Minister and by his order, The General, Director…” An artillery captain, Mercier rose through the ranks of the French Army, serving in Mexico and distinguishing himself by capturing the fort of Issy during the Franco-Prussian War, for which he received the Legion of Honor. Attaining a rank of major general and commander in the Legion of Honor, he was appointed Minister of War in 1893. When a member of the French army’s Military Intelligence Service pieced together remnants of a single-page memorandum, or bordereau, listing secret army documents that had been passed on to the German ambassador in Paris by a spy and retrieved by a French housekeeper working inside the residence, Mercier led the military’s investigation, becoming convinced of the guilt of Jewish army officer Alfred Dreyfus, despite a lack of evidence. His ongoing belief in Dreyfus’ guilt was, in part, a reaction to criticism by the right-wing press of his keeping the army’s investigation a secret. Following Dreyfus’ conviction, Mercier requested the reinstatement of the death penalty for sedition and destroyed evidence, that led to his replacement as minister of war. For his cover-up, Dreyfus regarded Mercier as the “chief criminal” in his persecution. From 1900-1920, Mercier served as a French senator. Written in Mercier’s capacity as Director of Administrative Services at the Ministry of War from 1885-1886. Folded into quarters, creased and stained. Several pin holes in the blank lower margin. In very good condition. Uncommon.

Lot: 96 - Stunning Musical Quotation by Giacomo Meyerbeer

MEYERBEER, GIACOMO. (1791-1864). German-born composer of enormously popular and spectacular grand operas; a major figure in French grand opera. AMusQS. (“Giacomo Meyerbeer”). 1p. Oblong 8vo. N.p., N.d. Seven unidentified double measures marked “Andante.” Meyerbeer came from a wealthy Berlin family and was the most prominent of his talented brothers. Though he enjoyed a rich musical education, success came only after he left Germany. “While in Italy Meyerbeer met the foremost artists, won the interest of leading librettists and impresarios and was more successful as an opera composer than he had ever hoped,” (The New Grove Dictionary). Additional success came with his entry into the world of French opera, and it is for works such as Les Huguenots and Le prophète that he is best known. Meyerbeer’s birth and death dates are written in the lower left corner in an unidentified hand. Elaborately signed by the composer underneath the quotation. In overall fine condition.

Lot: 97 - Henry Miller Inscribed Offprint Soliciting Financial Aid & Mentioning "Aller Retour New York," About His Affair with Anaïs Nin

MILLER, HENRY. (1891-1980). Controversial American author; considered by some a pioneer of modern literature. Signed offprint. (“HM”). 4pp. 8vo. N.p., (1944). A single, folded sheet of pp. 69-72 from the June-July 1944 issue of The Leaves Fall, inscribed in the upper margin of the first page “By carrier pigeon! You will have Aller Retour fragment soon! H.M.” Miller

Lot: 98 - James Monroe Payment Order as Secretary of State

MONROE, JAMES. (1758-1831). Fifth president of the United States. ADS. (“Jas Monroe”). 1p. Oblong 8vo. Washington, October 21, 1816. To his personal banker, WILLIAM WHANN (1764-1822), cashier of the Bank of Columbia. “Sir- Pay to Mr. Woodward or order the sum of one hundred & fifty dollars to acct of your obt servant…” Monroe served in the Virginia House of Delegates, the Continental Congress and the U.S. Senate before his appointment as ambassador to France. Despite his diplomatic skills, the weakening relations with France brought him back to the U.S. where he practiced law and served three consecutive single-year terms as governor of Virginia, from December 1799 through December 1802. Monroe then returned to Paris to negotiate the Louisiana Purchase and work towards improving relations with France, which was threatening American maritime trade. During the War of 1812, Monroe was President Madison’s secretaries of state and war. On December 4, 1816, Monroe became the country’s fifth president and presided over the “Era of Good Feelings,” a time of reduced partisan disagreement. Signed while secretary of state, roughly five weeks before his election to the presidency. Trimmed and folded with a cancellation to the left of Monroe’s signature, and in very good condition. Signed “Thomas Woodward” on the verso in an unidentified hand.

Lot: 99 - Moses Montefiore Envelope Addressed to Zionist George Gawler

MONTEFIORE, MOSES. (1784-1885). British financier and philanthropist who helped fund early Jewish settlements in the Holy Land. The front panel of an envelope, signed. (“Moses Montefiore”). 1p. Oblong 16mo. Derby, N.d. Addressed in Montefiore’s hand to Colonel Gawler (GEORGE GAWLER, 1795-1869, governor of South Australia from 1838-1841 and supporter of Zionism) at Friar Gate, Derby. Montefiore’s signature is in the lower left corner. Montefiore was one of London’s financial leaders, whose interests and activities extended far beyond the commercial realm, and included social and philanthropic work, lobbying for parliamentary emancipation of Jews, developing industry in Palestine, and the supporting Jewish religious and social activities in Britain and the Holy Land. “Between 1827 and 1875, Sir Moses made seven journeys to Palestine, the last at the age of 91… He founded Jewish agricultural settlements in Galilee and near Jaffa, and in Jerusalem helped found the first Jewish quarter outside the Old City walls, called Yemin Moshe in his memory… He was the second Jew to be Sheriff of London and one of the first to be knighted. He was president of the Board of Deputies of British Jewry for forty years,” (Who’s Who in Jewish History). Gawler, a British army officer, married Maria Cox, the niece of novelist Samuel Richardson. Appointed Governor of South Australia in 1838, Gawler helped make the colony self-sufficient. He returned to England in 1841 and devoted himself to philanthropy. His 1845 memorandum The Tranquillization of Syria and the East argued in favor of the establishment of a Jewish settlement in Palestine, a subject he returned to in his The Emancipation of the Jews (1847). Two years later, he accompanied Montefiore to Palestine and wrote, again, in favor of Jewish settlement in his work Syria and its Near Prospects (1853). Bearing a Penny Red postage stamp and ink cancellation in the upper right corner. Normal staining and wear. In good condition.

Lot: 100 - Inscribed Drawing by Photographer Inge Morath

MORATH, INGE. (1923-2002). Ground-breaking female photographer and Arthur Miller’s third wife. Signed drawing. (“Inge Morath”). 1p. Small 4to. N.p., April 18, 1973. An ink self-portrait depicting the photographer with a camera held up to her eye, inscribed “For Corby with love…” Born in Austria and educated in Berlin during World War II, Morath worked as a translator and journalist, writing stories to accompany the photographs of Ernst Haas for the illustrated magazine Heute, published in occupied Germany by the U.S. Army’s Information Services Branch. Her work earned both Morath and Haas an invitation to join Magnum Photos, a new cooperative photo agency co-founded by Robert Capa, Henri Cartier-Bresson and others. There, she was influenced by the work of Cartier-Bresson (with whom she was intermittently romantically involved), later developing a “playful surrealism” after she began her photojournalism career in 1951. Throughout the 1950s, she broke new ground as a female photographer at the male-dominated agency, her photos appearing in such publications as Vogue, Paris Match and Holiday as well as more than 30 collections of her own work. Morath also worked as a photographer on the film sets of director John Huston, including that of the 1960 film The Misfits starring Marilyn Monroe and with a screenplay by Monroe’s then-husband, renowned playwright Arthur Miller. Morath and Miller subsequently married in 1962, after which she immigrated to the United States. Together they collaborated on several projects including books about their travels: In Russia (1969) and Chinese Encounters (1979). Their daughter Rebecca Miller (also known as Lady Day-Lewis, the wife of actor Daniel Day-Lewis) is a novelist and filmmaker. In the later part of her career, Morath became well-known for her portraits of artists Jean Arp, Saul Steinberg, Alberto Giacometti and others. In extremely fine condition and rare in this format.

Lot: 101 - Only Black Jewish Officer in Both Confederate and Union Armies, Who Later Became a Celebrated, Late 19th Century Actor

MORRISON, LEWIS. (1844-1906). First black Jewish officer in both the Confederate and Union armies and, later, a celebrated thespian. ALS. (“Lewis Morrison”). 1p. Small oblong 4to. (6 1/8” x 8 3/8”). Boston, October 27 [1892]. To a gentleman. “Don’t consider me at all presumptuous, but I should feel grateful and obligated were you to drop into the

Lot: 102 - Uganda’s First President Endorses a Check Sent by a Prominent American Collector

MUTESA II, KABAKA. (1924-1969). First president of Uganda. DS. (“Mutesa”). 2pp. Oblong 12mo. N.p., (December 2, 1955). A Manufacturers Trust Company of Brooklyn check in the amount of one dollar penned by Unitarian minister and notable autograph collector CORNELIUS GREENWAY (1896-1968), endorsed by Mutesa on the verso. In 1939, at the age of 15, Mutesa became the reigning sovereign, or Kabaka, of the Bantu Kingdom of Buganda, then part of the British Uganda Protectorate. Although his government was unpopular, Mutesa found widespread public support when he opposed the British plan to unite Uganda, Kenya and Tanganyika into the East Africa Protectorate. In 1953, after demanding that Buganda retain its autonomy, Mutesa was exiled by British Governor of Uganda Andrew Cohen, sparking the Kabaka crisis. The civil unrest led to Mutesa’s restoration with the October 1955 Buganda Agreement that confirmed him as a constitutional monarch. In 1962, Uganda, of which the Kingdom of Buganda was a part, gained its independence from Britain, and Mutesa was elected president the following year. He was overthrown in 1966 and a year later the opposition abolished the Kingdom of Buganda. Mutesa died under mysterious circumstances while exiled in London. Brooklyn minister, Cornelius Greenway, was a prominent autograph collector, specializing in signed photographs. To ensure the return of the photographs he sent for inscriptions, Greenway always enclosed a check for $1 to cover postal expenses. Having met him as a child, I can confirm that Greenway was aware and proud that he was obtaining an additional autograph at no cost! Bearing a perforated cancellation as well as several ink cancelation stamps and a paper stamp from Kenya and Uganda, none of which affects Mutesa’s signature. In fine condition and rare.

Lot: 103 - Napoleon Leaves Elba with Gold Coins - Signed Six Times in Four Different Ways on His Handwritten Inventory!

NAPOLEON I, EMPEROR OF FRANCE. (1769-1821). Military leader and Emperor of France. ADS. (“Napol, Napole, Napol, Napole, Napo, Napoleon”). 2pp. 8vo. N.p., [February 1815]. In French with translation. The Emperor’s two-page autograph list of gold coin rolls received before his impending departure from Elba, listing the number of rolls, and their packaging into four boxes

Lot: 104 - Indian President Narayanan on the Passing of Political Scientist Charles Blitzer: “We in India will miss his beneficent influence in the Senate and his frank and forthright interventions”

NARAYANAN, K.R. (1920-2005). Indian diplomat and statesmen who served as India’s president from 1997-2002. TLS. (“Narayanan, K.R.”). 1½pp. Tall 4to. New Delhi, May 31, 1999. On his presidential stationery, headed with the gold-embossed state emblem of India, taken from the ancient lion capital of Ashoka. To architectural historian ELIZABETH MOYNIHAN (b. 1930), wife of

Lot: 105 - Early Netanyahu Letter: “Israel’s enemies are assaulting public opinion with an endless barrage of defamation and slander against the Jewish State”

NETANYAHU, BENJAMIN. (b.1949). Former prime minister of Israel. TLS. (“B Netanyahu”). 2/3p. 4to. Jerusalem, January 31, 1990. On his Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs stationery headed with the seal of the State of Israel. To GERARDO JOFFE (1920-2018), founder and president of FLAME (Facts & Logic About the Middle East). “I have been following the advertising campaign in the national media that you have organized under the title of Camera with great interest. I am impressed with your tireless efforts to bring the facts about the Middle East, and especially Israel, to the attention of the general public. These efforts are particularly appreciated today, at a time when Israel’s enemies are assaulting public opinion with an endless barrage of defamation and slander against the Jewish State. I understand that you have decided to continue your educational and promotional activities under the name of FLAME (Facts and Logic About the Middle East). The goals that both CAMERA and FLAME have set out to achieve are crucial to the State of Israel and the Zionist cause…” A secular Jew raised in Jerusalem and the United States, Netanyahu distinguished himself in the Israel Defense Forces during the late 1960s, joining the elite commando unit Sayeret Matkal. After leaving the IDF with the rank of captain, Netanyahu earned a degree at MIT, returning to Israel in 1978, where he founded the Yonatan Netanyahu Anti-Terror Institute, in honor of his brother who had killed rescuing passengers from a hijacked airliner. Netanyahu represented Israel in the United Nations from 1984-1988, after which he became chairman of the right-wing Likud party and leader of the opposition. Netanyahu became Israel’s prime minister in 1996 but was defeated three years later. Although he had retired from politics, Likud Prime Minister Ariel Sharon convinced him to return to public life and Netanyahu served as minister of Foreign Affairs and minister of Finance before his reelection as PM in 2009, an office he held until recently. Netanyahu’s political career was tarnished by a series of criminal investigations and indictments for corruption, the first time in Israel’s history that a sitting prime minister has been criminally charged. In June 2021, he was ousted by a coalition government, which brought his 12-year tenure to an end. German-born Gerardo Joffe fled the Nazis, living as a refugee in Bolivia, where he worked in the tin mines, before immigrating to the United States and earning a degree in mining engineering and, later, an MBA from Harvard. In 1985, he founded the San Francisco-based FLAME (Facts & Logic About the Middle East), countering what he perceived as anti-Israel media coverage with pro-Israel editorials and advertising, the subject of our letter. He remained at the helm of the sometimes-controversial organization until his 96th birthday. Normal folding and wear. In very good condition.

Lot: 106 - Annotated Book from Nobel Winner Nirenberg’s Library

NIRENBERG, MARSHALL. (1927-2010). American biochemist and geneticist; shared the 1968 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine for his work on the genetic code and demonstrating how it works in protein synthesis. Signed book. (“M. Nirenberg”). 692pp. Small 4to. N.p., N.d. A book from Nirenberg’s library autographed by him on the front cover, containing numerous annotations throughout the soft-cover volume, entitled, “Basic Neurochemistry;” Albers, Siegel, Katzman and Agranoff. Boston, First edition, second printing. Little, Brown and Company, 1972. There are numerous underlinings and several scientific formulae, including an annotated drawing of a “Dorsal Root Ganglion” (p.147); observations on a diagram of the “Major pathways of phospholipid biosynthesis” (p. 221); a notation on a section entitled, “Synthesis and Turnover of DNA” (p.250); etc. In overall fine condition and uncommon.

Lot: 107 - Irgun Courier Who Gave King David Hotel Warning of Terror Bombing

NISSAN, ADINA-HAY. (?-?). A member of the paramilitary group Irgun who, as a 16-year-old courier, was instructed to make several phone calls to warn the King David Hotel prior to the group’s deadly terrorist bombing in 1946. ALS. (“Adina”). 1p. 4to. Nahariya, Israel, February 17, 1987. On her personal stationery to American autograph collector Robert J. Cohen. “In

Lot: 108 - Inscribed 1st Edition of Richard Nixon’s, "The Real War"

NIXON, RICHARD M.. (1913-1994). Thirty seventh president of the United States. An inscribed first edition of his The Real War, Warner Books, 1980, “To Nancy & George O’Sullivan, With best wishes, Richard Nixon.” 4to. 341pp. In the book’s first chapter, Nixon, primarily concerned with Soviet political and military power, writes, “This book is a cri de coeur, addressed not only to our political leaders but to leaders in all walks of life – to take hold before it is too late, and to marshal America’s strengths so as to ensure its survival.” After serving his first term from 1969-1972, Nixon won re-election by one of the largest landslides in U.S. electoral history, helped in part by Kissinger’s “October surprise” announcement on October 26, 1972, that peace was at hand in Vietnam. For the agreement to withdraw U.S. forces from Southeast Asia, Kissinger shared the 1973 Nobel Peace Prize with North Vietnam’s Le Duc Tho. However, only a few months into his second term, Nixon was embroiled in the Watergate Scandal, probably the most famous political scandal in American history, after Washington Post reporters uncovered the connection between a break-in at the Democratic National Committee headquarters and Nixon’s re-election campaign. Conversations Nixon had secretly taped proved his and his staff’s involvement in a cover-up. The trial of the “Watergate burglars” began in January 1973 and by the end of the month, several of Nixon’s aides had been convicted of conspiracy. Nixon continued to exert his ignorance of the affair and refused to cooperate. Finally, rather than face impeachment, he resigned from the nation’s highest office on August 9, 1974. Interestingly, Nixon is the only person ever to be elected twice to both the office of vice president and president and the only president ever to resign his post. Internally, the book is in extremely fine condition; the dustjacket show some wear.

Lot: 109 - Emile Nolde, Early & Important Autograph Letter - Branded a “Degenerate” Artist by the Nazis

NOLDE, EMIL. (1867-1956). German-Danish expressionist painter banned by the Nazis along with hundreds of other artists as “degenerate.” ALS. (“Emil Nolde”). 3pp. 8vo. N.p., March 15, 1913. To art historian KURT FREYER (1885-1973). In German with translation. “I have wanted to write to you for a long time and to thank you. I did not get there. It happened so

Lot: 110 - Master Photographer Ruth Orkin Sketches Self-Portrait

ORKIN, RUTH. (1921-1985). American photographer and photojournalist. Signed drawing. (“Ruth Orkin”). 1p. 8vo. N.p., December 8, 1978. A signed and dated black-ink sketch of a smiling Orkin wearing glasses and with a camera strapped around her neck. Drawn on the lower portion of a paper bag from the Madison Avenue bookstore Books & Co. The daughter of silent film actress Mary Ruby, Orkin was raised in Hollywood. In 1939, at the age of 17, she rode her bike from Los Angeles to New York City to attend the World’s Fair and documented the journey with her camera. After briefly studying photojournalism, she attempted to learn filmmaking as a messenger at MGM and in the Women’s Auxiliary Army Corps during World War II. However, in New York City, she successfully pursued a career as a freelance photojournalist, working for the New York Times, Life, Look, and Ladies’ Home Journal, becoming known for her celebrity portraits and helping to break the glass ceiling in a field dominated by men. She is best remembered for her iconic 1951 photo An American Girl in Italy. Her works were the subject of numerous exhibitions and published in several photo books including the popular The World Through My Window and More Pictures from My Window, which featured color photographs of Central Park. Books & Co. was a New York bookstore owned by Jeanette Watson, granddaughter of IBM founder Thomas Watson Sr., and located near the Whitney Museum. From 1978-1997 the shop hosted many informal readings and literary events. Its closure, due, in part, to a rent increase by its new landlord, the Whitney Museum, met with considerable public disapproval. Lightly age toned at the edges, otherwise in excellent condition. Scarce, particularly in this form.

Lot: 111 - Lieut. Col. Patton’s Ten-Step Program to Prep Tanks for Combat: “This is most important and failure to comply will result in visits from German aeroplanes”

PATTON, GEORGE. (1885-1945). American army officer and pioneer of tank warfare during World War I; as one of America’s leading generals during WWII, he contributed enormously to the Allied victory; nicknamed “Old Blood and Guts.” TMsS. (“G.S. Patton Jr.”). 2pp. 4to. N.p., N.d. (August-October 1918). Historic typed manuscript entitled “Notes on the

Lot: 112 - Pickering Turns Down a Lobbyist and Mentions Jefferson, Adams, Napoleon and Postage Fees!

PICKERING, TIMOTHY. (1745-1929). American soldier, founding father and secretary of state for Presidents George Washington and John Adams. ALS. (“Timothy Pickering”). 4pp. 4to. Salem, September 1, 1824. To JAMES CAUSTEN (1788-1874), a War of 1812 naval veteran and Baltimore merchant and attorney who lobbied Congress on behalf of merchants whose ships and cargo were seized by France

Lot: 113 - Mournful ALS of Former President Franklin Pierce: “The two saddest anniversaries of my life coming early in the months of December and January have passed leaving me with little capacity for anything except to endure”

PIERCE, FRANKLIN. (1804 1869). Fourteenth president of the United States. ALS. (“Franklin Pierce”). 2½ pp. 8vo. Concord, New Hampshire, January 11, 1865. On black bordered stationery. To New York politician HAMILTON FISH (1808-1893), future secretary of state under President Ulysses S. Grant. “I thank you for your kind note of the 2nd inst. with a leaf from one of Dr.

Lot: 114 - Musical Quotation by One of the Greatest Cellists of the 19th Century

POPPER, DAVID. (1843-1913). Czech composer and cellist. AMusQS. (“David Popper”). 1p. Oblong 12mo. N.p., December 5, 1894. The two opening measures from his Three Nocturnes, Op. 42, for cello and piano. The son of a cantor and trained at the Prague Conservatory, Popper was principal cellist for the court orchestra in Löwenberg and, at the recommendation of Hans von Bülow, joined the Imperial Opera in Vienna, all before the age of 25. Under von Bülow’s baton, in 1864, he premiered Robert Volkmann’s Cello Concerto in A minor, Op. 33 with the Berlin Philharmonic and “it was Popper who played the first notes that were heard publicly when the opera house on the Ring opened with the famous cello solo of ‘Wilhelm Tell,’ and it was also him who convinced the orchestra to premiere Bruckner's Third Symphony, which a majority of the members had originally declared to be unplayable,” (“Who Was David Popper?” Upon the establishment of a string department at the Conservatory at Budapest, Liszt recommended Popper for a faculty position. In Budapest, with violinist Jenő Hubay, he was a member of the Budapest Quartet, sometimes performing with Johannes Brahms. In addition to his virtuoso performances, Popper was a prolific composer of music for cello, many of which are still popular. Some scattered foxing and age toning. Folded once vertically. In very good condition. Uncommon.

Lot: 115 - Every U.S. President from Washington to Eisenhower

PRESIDENTS, OF THE UNITED STATES. A stunning, folio-sized volume with gilt page edges and marbleized paper endpapers bound in blue cloth and quarter leather with examples of every president of the United States as described below, preceded by their individual portraits. The important signatures have been scanned and are available for viewing on this site; please contact us if you wish to see

Lot: 116 - Puccini on Turandot: “I am working very hard to get Turandot out of my head,” 9 Months Before His Death

PUCCINI, GIACOMO. (1858-1924). Modern Italy’s most successful opera composer after Verdi. ALS. (“G. Puccini”). 1p. 4to. Viareggio, February 1, 1924. On his personal stationery to his Torre del Lago friend, Pietrino (Malfatti). In Italian with translation. “Finally! And it makes me very happy for you. But I have had to work a little, as you can see from the sheets I

Lot: 117 - Fine Single Page ALS of Maurice Ravel to a French Soprano

RAVEL, MAURICE. (1875-1937). French composer; creator of masterpieces such as Daphnis et Chloe, Gaspard de la nuit and Bolero. ALS. (“Maurice Ravel”). 1p. 8vo. Montfort l’Amaury, April 27, 1921. On his monogrammed stationery from his home Le Belvédère. To French soprano MARIE-ALICE GARCET DE VAURESMONT (?-?). In French with translation. “I will come to

Lot: 118 - Ravel Autograph Musical Ms. on a “Subject” by Massenet & a Minor Thought on Beethoven

RAVEL, MAURICE. (1875-1937). French composer; creator of masterpieces such as Daphnis et Chloe, Gaspard de la nuit and Bolero. AMusMs. (Unsigned). 3 1/3pp. Folio. N.p. [Paris], N.d. An incomplete fugue in E flat major in four parts inspired (as noted in Ravel’s hand) by a “subject” of the French composer JULES MASSENET (1842-1912). A total of 89 bars, written as part of

Lot: 119 - Pres. Reagan Signed Photo with Advisor & Family

REAGAN, RONALD. (1911-2004). Hollywood actor, governor of California and 40th president of the United States. SP. (“Ronald Reagan”). 1p. Oblong 4to. Washington, N.d. A color photograph of Reagan in the White House with ALFRED H. KINGON (b. 1931), Reagan’s cabinet secretary from 1985-1987 and ambassador the EU from 1987-1989, standing with his wife, son and mother. Inscribed in the lower margin “To the Al Kingon Family – Thank you all for being on board & very Best Regards…” Following a successful Hollywood career, during which he made more than 50 films, Reagan entered politics campaigning for Senator Barry Goldwater (known as “Mr. Conservative”) during his 1964 presidential bid. Reagan, who had only switched his party affiliation from Democrat to Republican several years earlier, began to gain prominence within the party and, in 1966, was nominated as the Republican candidate for Governor of California, an office he held on to for two terms before becoming a popular two-term U.S. president. The mixture of liberal and conservative traits embodied by Reagan led to a reshaping of the Republican Party and a phenomenon known as the “Reagan Democrat,” Democrats who vote Republican because of their conservatism on certain issues. Kingon was a Wall Street investment adviser and publisher of Financial World and Saturday Review who served as Assistant Secretary of Commerce from 1983-1984 and Reagan’s cabinet secretary from 1985-1987, playing “a central role in domestic, agricultural, economic and trade policy,” and the U.S. ambassador to the European Union from 1987-1989, (“Working Profile: Alfred H. Kingon; Being a Fly on White House Wall and Loving It,” The New York Times, Weinraub). In excellent condition.

Lot: 120 - Reagan Calls the Iran-Contra Scandal “the lynching that failed” and “the carnival”

REAGAN, RONALD. (1911-2004). Hollywood actor, governor of California and 40th president of the United States. TLS. (“Ronald Reagan”). 1p. 4to. Washington, August 5, 1987. On White House stationery with the blind-embossed presidential seal. To ALFRED H. KINGON (b. 1931), Reagan’s cabinet secretary from 1985-1987 and ambassador the EU from 1987-1989. “It was good to

Lot: 121 - “Father of the Tuskegee Airmen,” Col. John Robinson

ROBINSON, JOHN. (1905-1954). Pioneering African-American aviator who flew for the Imperial Ethiopian Air Force against Fascist Italy, earning the nicknames the “Brown Condor of Ethiopia” and, later, “Father of the Tuskegee Airmen.” APCS. (“J.C. Robinson, Imperial Ethiopia Air Force”). In pencil. ½p. Postcard. N.p., N.d. To Edward A. Zahn. A black-and-white picture postcard of the Grand Canyon inscribed on the verso “To Eddie with best wishes from Col. J.C. Robinson / Imperial Ethiopia / Air Force.” Despite being barred from earning a high school diploma in his native Mississippi, Robinson attended the Tuskegee Institute, where he studied automotive mechanics and graduated in three years. Robinson persevered in the face of racial discrimination and put his mechanical skills to work in Detroit, but his passion for flying motivated him to pursue a career in the aviation industry. After repeated rejections by Chicago’s Curtiss-Wright School of Aviation, Robinson took a janitorial job, unofficially auditing classes until, after impressing an instructor with an airplane he built with his Aero Study Group, he became the school’s first black student. Robinson earned his pilot’s license and convinced the school to admit the other African-American members of his Aero Study Group. Later, he co-founded the Challenger Air Pilots Association for African-Americans, and established the John Robinson School of Aviation in Illinois, while collaborating with his alma mater, Tuskegee, to establish an aviation school there as well. In 1935, alarmed at Ethiopia’s threatened status as Africa’s only uncolonized nation, and anxious to expand aviation opportunities for black pilots, Robinson voluntarily joined the Ethiopian air force in its defense against Fascist Italy’s invasion during the Second Italo-Ethiopian War. Robinson’s existing reputation was such that he was personally invited by Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie to accept an officer’s commission. Shortly after his arrival in Addis Ababa, Robinson was placed in command of the Ethiopian Air Force. Unfortunately, the small force was no match for Italy’s and the country was annexed in May 1936, after which, amidst much acclaim, Robinson returned to the United States and continued to push for equality for African-American soldiers in the U.S. military. Robinson is often cited as the catalyst for the establishment of the Tuskegee Airmen, the famous World War II African-American pilot corps. After Ethiopia was liberated from Italy in 1944, Robinson helped create a pilot training school there as well as Ethiopian Airlines. He died in a plane crash in Addis Ababa in 1954. With light matte burn at the edges, otherwise fine and rare.

Lot: 122 - Rodin Sells Sculptures to Major Italian Collector

RODIN, AUGUSTE. (1840-1917). French sculptor; creator of The Thinker and other well-known masterpieces. ALS. (“Aug Rodin”). 1p. 8vo. N.p., June 23, 1900. To Madame CHARLOTTE (nee DUBRAY) BESNARD, 1854-1931, painter and wife of Rodin’s colleague, the artist Paul-Albert Besnard (1849-1934). In French with translation. “Mr. Franchetti ordered a small bronze and acquired a marble. I am thus grateful to you and Besnard for your friendship, as well as your touching goodness. I am happy always to be your respectful and affectionate friend…” Rodin’s characteristic rough-hewn style and virtuoso technique made him the leading sculptor of his time and placed him at the vanguard of modern art. As such, he was regularly sought after for large-scale commissions. In 1900, he exhibited 150 works at at the Place de l’Alma, timed to coincide with the Paris Exposition Universelle, bringing his work to the attention of wealthy collectors. Giorgio Franchetti (1865-1927) was a member of a noble Turin family who purchased the now famous Villa Ca’ d’Oro in Venice, since 1927 a museum that bears its last owner’s name. Folded and in fine condition; with the original hand-addressed envelope.

Lot: 123 - Rare Letter by one of Russia’s Leading 20th Century Cultural Figures

ROERICH, NICHOLAS. (1874-1947). Russian artist, stage designer, writer, preservationist, archeologist, philosopher and popularizer of Asian religions in the West. TLS. (“N. Roerich”). On Corona Mundi International Art Exchange letterhead. 1p. 4to. New York, April 15, 1923. To American theater critic and Russian theater specialist OLIVER SAYLOR (1887-1958). “It seems

Lot: 124 - Rare Note by Rolls-Royce Co-Founder on Aviation Subject

ROLLS, CHARLES S. (1877-1910). Welsh co-founder of the Rolls-Royce automobile company and aviation pioneer who became the first British aviation fatality in 1910. TPCS. (“Chas. S. Rolls”). 1p. 12mo. London, January 25, 1906. Written on a personal postcard identifying his company as “Automobile Engineers,” to the Secretary of the French Aero Club [GEORGES BESANÇON, (1866-1934)]. In French with translation. “Please send me an example of the ‘Special Ascension Regulations’ at a reduced price for Aero Club de France Members…” The son of a Welsh baron, Rolls studied engineering at Cambridge and, at the age of 18, joined the Automobile Club of France to import a Peugeot Phaeton into England, one of the first automobiles in Wales. In 1897, he helped found the Automobile Club of Great Britain (later the Royal Automobile Club) and, in 1903, opened one of the first car dealerships in England, C.S. Rolls & Co. It was through the Royal Automobile Club that Rolls met engineer and car manufacturer Henry Royce and, in 1904, began selling his cars marketed as Rolls-Royces. The Rolls-Royce Limited partnership was created several years later, followed by Rolls’ buyout of Rolls shortly thereafter. In addition to his automotive career, Rolls pursued an interest in aviation, making 170 hot air balloon ascents and winning the 1903 Gordon Bennett Gold Medal for the longest single flight. In 1908, he became the second British aviator to fly in an airplane (piloted by Wilbur Wright) and became England’s second licensed pilot in 1910. That same year, Rolls became the first person to cross the English Channel twice, a feat that earned him the Royal Aero Club’s Gold Medal. He died on July 12, 1910, when the tail of his Wright Flyer broke off during an exhibition in Bournemouth. The fatal crash made him the first Briton killed in an airplane crash and only the eleventh internationally. Georges Besançon, a journalist and balloonist who helped train balloonist Salomon Andree, founded the aviation magazine L’Aérophile, which, in 1898, became the official organ of the Aéro Club of France, of which Besançon served as secretary general for nearly 20 years. Two file holes in the upper margin slightly affecting the printed address information. A large letter “R” is written in blue pencil in the upper left portion of the letter which is also affected by an ink postal stamp. In very good condition and rare.

Lot: 125 - FDR Manages Washington’s Traffic Congestion

ROOSEVELT, FRANKLIN D. (1882-1945). Thirty-second president of the United States. TLS. (“Franklin D. Roosevelt”). 1p. 4to. Washington, April 14, 1941. On White House stationery. To Herbert L. Adams of Bethesda, Maryland. “I have your letter of March thirty-first concerning traffic congestion on 14th Street south of Independence Avenue and have noted with considerable

Lot: 126 - Sec. of War Root on US Postal Service During Wartime

ROOT, ELIHU. (1845-1937). American senator, secretary of war and secretary of state; winner of the 1912 Nobel Peace Prize. TLS. (“Elihu Root”). 1¼pp. 4to. Washington, D.C., July 31, 1903. To politician and journalist CHARLES EMORY SMITH (1842-1908). “I gave the directions asked for by your letter of June 29th for the preparation of a statement regarding Mr.

Lot: 127 - Uncommon ALS of French artist, Georges Rouault

ROUAULT, GEORGES. (1871-1958). French painter, pupil of Gustave Moreau; associated with the Fauve school. APCS. (“GR” and “G Rouault” on the sender portion of the postcard’s recto). 1p. Postcard. Paris, (July 24, 1943?). To Jacques Betz, possibly French author, bibliographer and historian JACQUES BETZ (1912-1988). In French with translation. “It is

Lot: 128 - Uncommon Autograph Letter by the Marquis de Sade for Whom the Term Sadism is Named

SADE, DONATIEN ALPHONSE FRANCOIS, MARQUIS DE. (1740-1814). French nobleman and writer whose violent, erotic passions are immortalized in the term “Sadism.” ALS. (“Sade”). 1p. 8vo. [Charenton, circa 1810?]. To Mr. Armand-Marie Corbin, a notary. In French with translation. “I have the honor to greet Mr. Corbin and to beg him to clarify the first twelve lines of

Lot: 129 - Rare Letter by American Zionist, Jessie Sampter

SAMPTER, JESSIE. (1883-1938). American Zionist, writer and Hadassah educator. ALS. (“Jessie Sampter”). 4pp. 8vo. G’ivat Brenner, April 24, 1934. To Harris Pine. “It is a great pleasure to me to keep in touch with you until the time when you will return to Palestine. Since I wrote to you last, and received your interesting reply, a change has taken place in my

Lot: 130 - Schoenberg Document Refers to Groundbreaking Composition Inspired by Johann Sebastian Bach

SCHOENBERG, ARNOLD. (1874-1951). Austrian composer and creator of the revolutionary twelve-tone school of composition which abandoned fixed tonality. DS. (“Arnold Schoenberg”). 2pp. 4to. N.p., August 1941. ACA-ASCAP Survey for his “Bach Choral Prelude Orchestration,” which he completes in his hand by answering several questions, including: the date of composition

Lot: 131 - G.B. Shaw on Hollywood's Moguls & Filming of Pygmalion

SHAW, GEORGE BERNARD. (1856-1950). Irish playwright and critic known for The Devil’s Disciple and Pygmalion. TLS. (“G. Bernard Shaw”). ¾p. 4to. London, January 13, 1937. On his personal London stationary. To American attorney BENJAMIN H. STERN (1874-1950). “I am, as always, very glad to hear from you, and much interested in any information you can give me.

Lot: 132 - Israel’s First Internationally Known Female Composer

SHLONSKY, VERDINA. (1905-1990). Israeli composer and pianist. SP. (“Verdina Shlonsky”). 1p. 12mo. Post card. N.p., N.d. A black-and-white bust photograph signed in the lower blank margin. Born in the Ukraine, Shlonsky received her musical education in Vienna, Berlin and Paris, studying piano with Artur Schnabel, Nadia Boulanger, Edgard Varèse, and Max Deutsch. She eventually joined her family in Palestine where she performed as a concert pianist and took a faculty position at the Tel Aviv Academy of Music, where until the 1970s she taught a future generation of Israeli pianists. Shlonsky is notable as the first female Israeli composer and for blending traditional European music with emerging Israeli folk music. Her compositions include Poéme Hebraique, Quartet for Strings, Images Palestiniènnes, Silhouettes for Voice and Percussion, and Cinq Melodies sur le Poéme de Guillaume Apollinaire. Her brother was the notable Israeli poet Avraham Shlonsky. In fine condition and rare.

Lot: 133 - Shostakovich Thanks for Translations of Rilke’s Poems that Inspired the Final Two Movements of Symphony #14

SHOSTAKOVICH, DMITRI. (1906-1975). Soviet composer, considered by many the leading symphonist of the mid-20th century. ALS. (“D. Shostakovich”). 2/3p. 8vo. Moscow, August 27, 1967. On the illustrated stationery of Kiev’s Verkhovna Rada building. To VLADIMIR GRIGORIEVICH ADMONI (1909-1993), linguist, literary critic and translator who defended Joseph Brodsky in the communist

Lot: 134 - Sondheim on His Latest Musical: "the new show…tentatively titled Wise Guys"

SONDHEIM, STEPHEN. (b. 1930). American composer and lyricist known for West Side Story, Gypsy, Company, and many more groundbreaking musicals. TLS. (“Stephen Sondheim”). 1p. 8vo. N.p., December 2, 1996. Written on his personal stationery to American composer NORMAN MATHEWS (b.1942). “Unfortunately, I have no contact numbers for either Michelle or Ann. And the only pianist

Lot: 135 - Steinbeck Invokes Thoreau to Help Market the Land Rover

STEINBECK, JOHN. (1902-1968). American author of The Grapes of Wrath and Of Mice and Men; winner of the 1962 Nobel Prize for Literature. APCS. (“J. S.”). 2pp. Postcard. Sag Harbor, May 22, 1963. To HOWARD GOSSAGE (1917-1969), advertising executive known as the “Socrates of San Francisco.” “We finally made it out here, pushing aside all the mail and requests

Lot: 136 - Colonel Zachary Taylor Manuscript DS at Fort Crawford

TAYLOR, ZACHARY. (1784-1850). Career soldier and 12th president of the United States; nicknamed “Old Rough and Ready” during the Battle of Okeechobee. Manuscript DS. (“Z. Taylor Col Cmdg”). 1p. Oblong 8vo. Fort Crawford [Prairie du Chien, Wisconsin], February 1, 1833. Authorizing the adjutant quartermaster to provide one cord of wood requisitioned on behalf of the guard at Fort Crawford. The handwritten requisition has the request at the top, signed by Captain Thomas Barker, Taylor’s authorization in the middle and a signed attestation of the receipt of the wood at the bottom, also signed by Barker. Taylor joined the U.S. Army as a first lieutenant earning a rank of captain in the War of 1812. Thereafter, he commanded several garrisons and established a new fort in Louisiana before he was called to Michigan Territory where he oversaw the 1828 reconstruction of the dilapidated Fort Crawford in modern Prairie du Chien, Wisconsin. He was promoted to colonel and given command of an infantry regiment at the outbreak of the Black Hawk War on April 6, 1832. The conflict involved Sauks, Meskwakis and Kickapoos, formerly allied with the British and led by Black Hawk, in a quest to take back land ceded to the United States with the 1804 Treaty of St. Louis. Black Hawk surrendered to Taylor at Fort Crawford after the Battle of Bad Axe and was imprisoned there until Taylor’s underling, Lieutenant Jefferson Davis, transported him to St. Louis. It was at Fort Crawford that Davis, future president of the Confederacy, courted Taylor’s daughter despite her father’s disapproval and eloped with her in 1835 only to see her die three months later from malaria. After the end of the Black Hawk War, Taylor made a name for himself in the Second Seminole War, for his victory at the Battle of Okeechobee, where he earned the moniker “Old Rough and Ready.” After fighting in the Mexican-American War, Taylor was elected president in 1848, but his term was cut short when he died of flu after only 16 months in office. Folded, trimmed and with some irregular edges. In very good condition.

Lot: 137 - Clarence Thomas Writes on Confirmation Hearings & First Months on the Supreme Court

THOMAS, CLARENCE. (b.1948). Only the second African-American Supreme Court justice and the longest-serving justice on the current Supreme Court. TLS. (“Clarence”). With a holograph postscript. 2/3p. 4to. Washington, August 24, 1992. On his Supreme Court stationery. To ALFRED H. KINGON (b.1931), Ronald Reagan’s cabinet secretary from 1985-1987 and ambassador the EU from

Lot: 138 - Rare 1826 Mexican-Masonic Document by Gen. Tornel

TORNEL, JOSE MARIA. (1795-1853). Mexican general and prominent supporter of Mexican presidents Antonio López de Santa Anna and Guadalupe Victoria. LS. (“Jose Maria Tornel”). 1p. 4to. Mexico, 1826. In Spanish with translation. Correspondence between masonic fellows, related to a Lodge installation and, as such, the identities of those indicated with initials are secret. “A:. L:. G:. D:. G:. A:. D:. V:. A:. M:. L;. C:. D:. R:. A:. N.1. Tit. Liberty D:. L:. R:. L:. N.18 Tit. Aztec Indian S:. E:. V:. Very R:. Sr:. This t:. in ordinary meeting of the 25th, was pleased to agree to send you 50 copies of the speech of our h:. speaker pronounced in Chapultepec in celebration of his solemn installation on June 24th. And upon verifying this I have the honor to greet you very cordially with the known signs. Today:. In Mexico on the 28th day of June. d:. of 5th:.m:. m:. a l:. 1826 José María Tornel Great King:. By order of the R:. L:., Luciano Muñoz, Secretary” A close advisor of Mexican President Guadalupe Victoria who appointed him ambassador to the United States in 1830, Tornel reported on America’s designs on Texas, a part of Mexico since it attained independence from Spain in 1821 and pushed back against American immigration to Texas. In 1834, he was instrumental in the Plan of Cuernavaca that allowed Antonio López de Santa Anna to become dictator and was a member of the “santanistas” that aided Santa Anna’s return to power. As minister of war, Tornel issued the December 1835 “Tornel Decree,” which authorized Santa Anna to execute prisoners, and was involved in the 1836 Battle of the Alamo, where Santa Anna’s cruelty inspired the rebellious Texians and Tejanos to defeat the Mexican Army and establish the Republic of Texas. After its suppression by the Spanish Inquisition, Freemasonry was officially established in Mexico in 1806, and with many of its early leaders, including Miguel Hidalgo, Agustín de Iturbide, Lázaro Cárdenas, Anastasio Bustamente, Benito Juarez, and Santa Anna, members of the secret society, Freemasonry exerted an influence on 19th century Mexican politics. Although Mexican masons were initially members of either the Scottish or York rites, in 1825 the Mexican National Rite was established. Our letter, regarding the installation of a Masonic lodge, was penned during this time. Folded and creased. In very good condition.

Lot: 139 - Trumpeldor on the Danger to Zionists During the Russian Civil War

TRUMPELDOR, JOSEPH. (1880-1920). Russian-born Zionist and Israel’s most famous military hero, known for establishing World War I’s Zion Mule Corps and his dying words at the Battle of Tel Hai. ALS. (“J. Trumpeldor”). 1p. 12mo. N.p., August 16, 1918. In Russian with translation. “Dear comrade, You don’t need any special documents. It is hard to get any

Lot: 140 - 1/30 Signed Litho by Ussischkin and Herman Struck

USSISCHKIN, MENACHEM (1863-1941). Russian-born Zionist leader and longtime head of the Jewish National Fund (Keren Kayemeth Le’Israel). A signed limited edition (29/30) lithograph of Ussischkin by German-Jewish artist HERMANN STRUCK (1876-1944). 1p. 8vo. N.p., N.d. Signed by Ussischkin and Struck in pencil. (“M. Ussischkin,” in Hebrew, “Herman Struck” in Roman lettering with a printed signature, “H. Struck” in Hebrew). While still living in Russia, fueled by the pogroms and anti-Semitic legislation that proliferated in the Imperial Russian Empire in the 1880s, Ussischkin co-found Bilu, a movement dedicated to the agricultural settlement of Palestine. Ussischkin was secretary of the First Zionist Congress, and after making Aliyah in 1919, he headed the Zionist Commission in Palestine. In 1923, he became president of the Jewish National Fund, Keren Kayemeth Le’Israel, dedicated to purchasing land in Palestine for development. Struck was a member of the Berlin Secession movement, who published an important treatise on etching, Die Kunst des Radierens (The Art of Etching) in 1908, and carried out commissioned portraits of high-profile figures including Albert Einstein, Oscar Wilde, Henrik Ibsen, and Fridtjof Nansen. During World War I, he earned the Iron Cross fighting for Germany, but was also an active Zionist and a founder of the Mizrachi Zionist movement. After his 1922 immigration to Palestine, he helped establish the Tel Aviv Museum of Art. With deckled edges on two sides with a light paperclip impression in the upper left corner, otherwise in excellent condition. An identical image, though apparently only with Struck’s printed signature, is in the Schwadron Collection of the National Library of Israel. Rare.

Lot: 141 - Former First President of the United Mexican States Reports on Dead Prisoners

VICTORIA, GUADALUPE. (1786-1843). Mexican general who fought for his country’s independence from Spain to become the independent nation’s first president. LS. (“Guadalup Victoria”). 1½pp. Large 8vo. Veracruz, 1840. On the letterhead of the General Command of the Department of Veracruz 3rd Bureau. To the governor of the Department of Puebla. In Spanish with

Lot: 142 - 21-Year-Old Vieuxtemps Writes His Teacher De Beriot about His London Debut

VIEUXTEMPS, HENRI. (1820-1881). Belgian violinist and composer. ALS. (“H Vieuxtemps”). 4pp. 8vo. London, April 20, 1841. To his violin teacher, Belgian violinist and composer CHARLES-AUGUSTE DE BERIOT (1802-1870), founder of the Franco-Belgian school of violin playing. In French with translation. “I am anxious to share with you the outcome of my debut with the Philharmonic

Lot: 143 - Wagner Inscribes a Score of "Rienzi" to His Good Friend Pusinelli

WAGNER, RICHARD. (1813-1883). German opera composer, including Götterdämmerung, Tristan und Isolde and Der Fliegende Holländer. Inscribed first Italian edition of the score of Rienzi (signed in facsimile). 445pp. Large 4to. (Published by F. Lucca: Milan) N.d. Inscribed in German to Dresden court doctor and “seinem theuren Freunde” (“his valued friend”)

Lot: 144 - Signed Photograph of Austria’s First Licensed Pilot & First Female Passenger

WARCHALOWSKI, ADOLF. (1886-1928). Austrian industrialist, aviation pioneer and his country’s first licensed pilot with his sister-in-law ANNA WARCHALOWSKI. (?-?). First Austrian female airplane passenger. SP. (“Adolf Warchalowski”) and (“Anna Warchalowski”). 1p. Oblong 12mo. N.p., [c. 1910]. A sepia postcard photograph depicting the pair in Warchalowski’s Farman biplane. Adolf is gripping the control stick while Anna, seated behind him, holds onto a strut. A printed German caption at the top of the photograph states “First Austrian female flight passenger / Engineer Adolf Warchalowski / Wiener Neustadt Airfield.” Signed by both in black ink on the lower margin of the cream-colored, card-stock mount. In 1910, Warchalowski, an Austrian machine engineer, imported a Farman biplane from Paris to the Wiener Neustadt airfield where it was altered and renamed the Warchalowski “Vindobona.” In February he set the first two of many Austrian flight records, for the longest sustained flight and longest flight with a passenger. Shortly thereafter, he flew with his sister-in-law aboard, setting another record for the first Austrian female passenger during a ten-minute flight, reaching a height of 20-30 meters. Anna’s historic flight was reported in the June 1910 issue of Aircraft magazine. Later that year he flew Austria’s Archduke and Archduchess. Warchalowski was granted the first pilot’s license by the Austrian Aero Club in April 1910, and his August 1910 flight over Vienna to celebrate Emperor Franz Josef’s 80th birthday captured the imagination of the Austrian public and made international headlines. He continued to set aviation records and perfect his aircraft design, but attempts to market his own aircraft were unsuccessful. Vienna’s Warchalowskigasse is named in his honor. He died in 1928 on his 42nd birthday. In the lower right corner is the pencil notation “1910” in an unidentified hand. In excellent condition and rare.

Lot: 145 - Carl Maria von Weber ALS Mentioning His Incidental Music for "Preciosa"

WEBER, CARL MARIA VON. (1786-1826). German composer; called the creator of German Romantic opera. ALS. (“CMvWeber”). ½p. Small 4to. Dresden, February 3, 1823. To Nuremburg bookseller GEORG EICHHORN (1793-1866). In German with translation. “As requested, I have the honor of sending you the score of the Preciosa, while at the same time asking for the usual response [?] of the honored theater director. Most respectfully Well-born devoted…” Weber began composing in his youth and, by the age of 17, was director of the Breslau Opera. After briefly leaving the musical scene to serve as Duke Ludwig’s private secretary which led to charges of embezzlement and his banishment from Württemberg, Weber returned to his musical career, as a composer and conductor. In June 1816, at the request of the King of Saxony, Weber became director of German opera at Dresden, whence our letter was penned. With the 1821 success of Der Freischütz, an opera that made use of German subjects and folk music, Weber widely promoted the idea of a German operatic tradition. Although his career was cut short by an early death, his contributions to the world of music are significant. “Weber’s role as a father figure of Romanticism was acknowledged by all those who succeeded him in the movement,” including Berlioz, Wagner, Debussy, and Mahler, (The New Grove Dictionary). Eichhorn was a bookseller in the city of Nuremburg who brokered a Nuremburg theater’s purchase of the scores of Weber’s opera Der Freischütz and the incidental music for Pius Alexander Wolff’s 1821 play Preciosa (Opus 78), the subject of our letter, between 1822 and 1823. Folded and creased with normal wear. With the integral holograph address leaf, which is postmarked and endorsed. In fine condition. Published in the Weber Gesamtausgabe. Uncommon.

Lot: 146 - Rare Weizmann ALS: “You are quite right with the idea for a good French-Jewish newspaper"

WEIZMANN, CHAIM. (1874-1952). Russian born chemist, Zionist leader and Israel’s first President. ALS. (“Ch. Weizmann”). 1p. 8vo. Caldetas, Catalonia, September 1, 1932. To French Zionist and journalist ARON G. HERMONI (1884-1960). In German with translation. “I thank you for your letter which reached me here. I read the second paragraph with great interest. Of

Lot: 147 - America’s First Pilot of Color, Charles Weymann

WEYMANN, CHARLES TERRES. (1889-1976). Haitian-born aviation and automotive pioneer. SP. (“C.T. Weymann”). 1p. Oblong 8vo. (Reims), N.d. A sepia photograph (by noted aviation photographer M. Branger) of Weymann’s Nieuport monoplane readying for takeoff, with a French officer waving the French tricolor flag in the foreground. Weymann has signed the image in blue ink in the upper

Lot: 148 - Elie Wiesel Mourns the Death of Friend & Long-Time Supporter of Israel, Senator Daniel P. Moynihan

WIESEL, ELIE. (1928-2016). Romanian-American holocaust survivor, writer, political activist, and Nobel Peace Prize winner; best known for his novel Night, which recount his experiences in Nazi concentration camps. ALS. (“Elie Wiesel”). 1p. 8vo. Boston, March 31, 2003. On his Boston University stationery. To architectural historian ELIZABETH MOYNIHAN (b. 1930), widow of Senator Daniel

Lot: 149 - David Wolffsohn on the Success of the 11th Zionist Congress in Vienna

WOLFFSOHN, DAVID. (1855-1914). Lithuanian Zionist who proposed the design for Israel’s flag, brought the word “shekel” into modern usage and was Herzl’s literary executor and successor in the Zionist Organization. ALS. (“Wolffsohn”). 1½ pp. 8vo. Vienna, September 13, 1913. On the stationery of Vienna’s Hotel Imperial. To unidentified friends.

Lot: 150 - Historic “First Flight” Image Signed by Orville Wright

WRIGHT, ORVILLE. (1871-1948). American inventor and aviation pioneer who, with his brother Wilbur, completed the first sustained and piloted flight of a heavier-than-air aircraft. SP. (“Orville Wright”). 1p. Oblong 8vo. N.p., N.d. A printed reproduction of John T. Daniels’ famous photograph of the Wright brothers’ first flight at Kitty Hawk, issued in 1928 to commemorate the flight’s 25th anniversary; signed by the pilot, Orville, in the lower left corner of the image. The Wright brothers’ ongoing interest in all things mechanical was put to its first practical application in their Dayton, Ohio, shop, in 1896 when they began to produce bicycles on a small scale. That same year, Wilbur became fascinated with aviation after reading about German aviator Otto Lilienthal’s accidental death. Serious aeronautical work and experimentation began in 1899 when Wilbur wrote to the Smithsonian requesting copies of everything available on the topic, having exhausted his own resources. In 1901, the first Wright glider was tested at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina and, after several years of intense experimentation, the Orville and Wilbur returned to test a motor-powered airplane. On December 17, 1903, they completed four successful flights, the first sustained flight of a heavier-than-air machine under a pilot’s control. Their accomplishment was captured by John T. Daniels using the Wright brothers’ camera, and the photograph has become one of aviation’s and history’s most iconic images. With a small, barely visible, crease in the lower blank margin. Light wear and in fine condition; mounted to a larger piece of black matboard. Over the years these images have become scarcer in the face of growing demand.

Lot: 151 - Zapata Establishes Law & Order from His Tlaltizapan HQ

ZAPATA, EMILIANO. (1879-1919). Mexican revolutionary. DS. (“Emiliano Zapata”). 2/3p. Small folio. Tlaltizapan, April 13, 1916. In Spanish with translation. To a “C[ommander].” “The Headquarters in my charge, by agreement of today, has the kindness to order you to immediately summon the residents of this town, letting them know that by superior disposition

Lot: 152 - Weizmann Plus Russian & Lithuanian Zionist Leaders

ZIONISTS. Signed postcard. 2pp. 8vo. N.p., n.d. A souvenir postcard with a printed portrait of Otto Warburg (1883-1970), German botanist, pioneer and president of the Zionist Organization from 1911 to 1921, signed by future president of Israel Chaim Weizmann and 16 other Zionists. Addressed to ILIYA ABRAMOVICH [ELIYAHU] BERLIN (1886-1959), a Zionist activist, member of the Provisional State

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